The invention relates to the automotive industry. Antiskid device is installed on the master wheel of the car that covers the part of the working surface of the tire and has on the outer surface of the teeth. The device consists of a metal rim of a G-shaped cross-section, curved in the longitudinal direction along the arc of a circumference of the tire, the United motionless with radially located with respect thereto by a strip having the side of the free end of the radial through groove, and a special screw, one end of which is a copy of the screws used for fastening the disk to the axis, and in the head of the threaded hole for fixing the device on the screw with a plate groove and screw the wheels to the axle shafts. As a result it facilitates the installation of the traction control device on the wheel in any road conditions. 1 Il.
The invention relates to the automotive industry and is designed to equip vehicles with the purpose of short-term use in the process of operation to overcome the sections of road on which there is slipping wheels and termination for this reason, the vehicle is in motion.
Known Wuxi traction cuff [1, Fig. 64], traction control devices, called lugs [1, Fig. 65], rubber snow chains [1 Fig. 66].
The spikes on the bus ineffective on the road, covered in mud, or snow.
All these devices have a common disadvantage: their installation is not possible in situations when the car is stopped on the uphill on slippery, uneven road, in the recesses of the road, in the rain, i.e. in situations when the antiskid device is absolutely necessary. When this device is in [1, Fig. 64, 65] are characterized by a small length of contact with the road and therefore ineffective.
The closest in technical essence to the present invention is a rubber snow chains [1, Fig. 66], which is the prototype of the present invention. A common feature of rubber snow chains with the device according to this invention is the greater length of the continuous contact of the device with the road and the presence of transverse teeth edges, providing reliable coupling device with the road.
A significant disadvantage of the prototype is that it is difficult to install in road conditions in the case of the stop of the vehicle due to wheel slip. To install neobhodimo rough roads, having ditches, slopes, etc. irregularities.
The purpose of this invention is to provide an opportunity to facilitate installation of the traction control device in any situation stop a vehicle on any road due to the slipping wheels.
This goal is achieved by the fact that the proven traction control device according to this invention is connected to the radially located strip rim, mounted on the working surface of the tire, which occupies a significant portion of its perimeter, with the teeth, providing a secure grip the rim with either way. Can be installed in any situation provided by the fact that rim device is installed on the upper part of the tyre which is always free. To install, for example, on the bus VAZ must Unscrew the top screw of fastening of a disk, instead install the screw and secure it with the screw drive on axis tight set of rim devices on the upper part of the tire so that the band took radial location relative to the tire, and to secure the band on the head of a special screw fastening screw drive, turning it into a threaded hole of a special screw with the specified torque. Then you can go drive the hydrated road antiskid device should be removed.
The drawing shows a traction control device installed on the bus.
The device consists of a rim 1, the transverse and longitudinal cross-section which have a shape corresponding to the bus. On the working surface of the rim 1 has teeth-edge 2 height 10...15 mm, providing a secure grip the rim with either way. To the rim 1 in the radial direction is attached, for example by welding strip 3, which is opposite to the rim with a radial groove 4, which serves for fastening the device to the disk using a special screw 6, one end of which is a copy of a screw 5, which serves to secure the drive on the half-axis, and the cylinder has a threaded hole for mounting screw 5.
To install the device on the bus must Unscrew the upper screw securing the drive to the shafts and tighten with the specified torque with the special screw 6, densely set rim device on the upper part of the tire and fasten it by means of the groove 4, the strip 3, a screw 5, tying it to a specific torque in reslove hole special screw 6.
Sources of information
1. Gornushkin Yu, Practical advice to the owner of the car. the canalave on the leading wheel of the vehicle, covering the portion of the working surface of the tire with the outer surface of the teeth, characterized in that it consists of a metal rim of a G-shaped cross-section, curved in the longitudinal direction along the arc of a circumference of the tire, the United motionless with radially located with respect thereto by a strip having the side of the free end of the radial through groove, and a special screw, one end of which is a copy of the screws used for fastening the disk to the axis, and in the head of the threaded hole for fixing the device on the screw with a plate groove and screw the wheels to the axle shafts.
FIELD: transport engineering; wheeled vehicles auxiliaries.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device contains casing in form of sector enclosing the wheel secured for rotation around wheel axial line. Casing is controlled by handle from driver's cab through system of levers by adjustable gear engagement, with bushing freely fitted on rear axle being rigidly connected with said casing provided with toothed rim. With bushing being shifted along axle it comes into meshing with toothed rim rigidly secured on wheel rim for rotating casing by wheel. With bushing in other position, teeth found on one of its sides engage with teeth of rear axle to fix casing of wheel.
EFFECT: increased cross-country capacity of vehicle, improved control of device.
FIELD: mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to additional equipment temporary mounted on wheels. Proposed device contains detachable grouser connected with lever made for fastening on automobile hub by support bolt passed through wheel disk, lever consists of three parts. Upper part forms, together with grouser, a common-l-shaped part in form of bent plate hinge-connected with middle part consisting of two shackles enclosing the plate, free ends of shackles being hinge-connected with third lower part of lever. The latter is essentially plate support of device of arbitrary form with holes in corners of isosceles triangle in plan, in vertex of which plate is arranged and hinge-fastened between said shackles. Said support bolt is fitted in one of two other holes. Bolt is provided with thread in middle part with turned-on locking washers with cylindrical projections pointed to each other, each being fitted in hole in support for free rotation. Lower part of support bolt is made cylindrical with flats for wrench on end not projecting beyond the contour of cylindrical part. Pin of cup is fitted in third hole of support. Axis of pin is displaced relative to axis of cup with eccentricity exceeding diameter of pin.
EFFECT: increased operating properties and reduced impact loads on parts of transmission.
5 cl, 14 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, namely to automobile cross country capacity. Proposed device comprises chain, arc-like plate with eyelet with two holes receiving tensioning studs with nuts whereto said chain is secured. Note here that arc-like plate can be secured to wheel rim with the help of pin.
EFFECT: ease of attachment.
SUBSTANCE: proposed wheel comprises tire with rim, hub with side disks and axle, drive ring, fasteners to joint drive ring to hub, push rod and recoil brake. Thrusts are mounted on drive ring. Brake interacts with thrusts. Drive ring is provided with perforated corner plates arranged in midplane and secured on drive ring inner surface. Said ring may change its axial position and be locked by fasteners on threaded rods arranged parallel with axle and rigidly coupled with said disk. Side disk diameter exceeds that of hub. Rods pass through drive ring corner plate perforations.
EFFECT: higher reliability.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed method comprises placing device increasing friction factor, for example, anti-spin devices including L-like cross-section metal bracket bent along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.
EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry and may be used on road sections whereat wheel spin occurs. Proposed device comprises L-section metal bracket bent in lengthwise direction along tire circle arc. One end of said bracket is furnished with elements to fasten it to wheel disk, for example, hole to mount bracket on bolt attaching disk to wheel hub and opposite end is provided with grousers. Additional grousers with locking plate are arranged on bracket peripheral section to form triangle. Note here that additional grouser makes triangle base. Diameter of arrangement of said additional grousers is smaller than that of the main grousers.
EFFECT: higher anti-spin efficiency.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: revolving drive wheel with rim and grouser are arranged on machine body. Pin is fitted on said rim with geometrical center not aligned with wheel rotational center. Grouser made up of paddle with rod and blade is pivoted to said pin. Second end of hinge rod is jointed with machine body to displace there along in the plane of wheel rotation. Said pin is secured on wheel to vary distance from wheel rotational axis top in geometrical center. Aforesaid grouser is secured on wheel pin by fast-release joint. The scull blade is replaceable.
EFFECT: lower operating costs.
4 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to devices intended for increasing traction and perfecting coupling of wheeled running gear used in agriculture and forestry. Post is arranged in guide bush locked by pin and trapezoidal jaw to support hook by its lower end and, by pin top end, to support rod that enters wave-shaped groove. Said groove is made on segment disk to allow changing the proposed device by retainer from transport position into operating position, and vice versa. Said disk groove length depends upon height grouser penetration into soil hc and maximum turn angle a depends upon the number of grousers.
EFFECT: faster conversion from operating conditions into transportation conditions, and vice versa.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and may be used in sprinkler machines. Proposed wheel comprises pneumatic tire 1 with rim 2, hub 3 with axle 4, drive ring 6 with stops 7, fasteners to joint drive ring 6 with hub 3, pusher and self-adjusting brake interacting with stops 7 Stops 7 are mounted on removable shackles secured to drive ring 6 on the side of its outer circumference. Note here that shackle inner surface is aligned with drive ring outer circle arc. Thrust bolts are fitted on one side of shackle to enter shackle threaded holes to contact with drive ring 6. Adjusting screws are fitted on opposite side of said shackles to enter threaded holes and provided with taper ends to enter taper recesses on drive ring surface.
EFFECT: higher machine efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: wheel comprises a tire 12 with a rim 11, a hub 10 with lateral discs 5 and an axis 9, a drive ring 7, fasteners 2 to connect the drive ring 7 to the hub 10, a pusher 13, and an anti-recoil brake 16. On the drive ring 7 the stops 8 are mounted. The brake 16 interacts with the stops 8. The drive ring 7 has joint plates 15 with holes 14, mounted in the center plane and fixed on the inner surface of the drive ring 7. The drive ring 7 is mounted with the ability to change the axial position and fixation by the fasteners 2 on the pins 6 with screw 3, located parallel to the axis and rigidly attached to the lateral disc 5. The lateral disc diameter is made larger than the diameter of the hub 10. The pins 6 pass through the holes 14 in the joint plates 15 of the drive ring. In the pins 6 there is a set of radial holes 4 located in planes parallel to the center plane of the wheel. In the holes 4 of the pins 6 the removable thrust pins 1 are mounted.
EFFECT: constructive implementation enables to improve the control accuracy of the axial position of the drive ring relative to the tire of the rim.