Combat articulated machine

 

The invention relates to military technology, and more particularly to articulated units. The invention consists in that section of the articulated machine is configured to automatically partition and Autonomous functioning and interconnected by a connecting device made in the form of articulated tunnel with the ability to skip through it, communications, controls, passage of crew members, the supply of ammunition. The first section contains a tower with weapons, sources of electrical energy, drive, controls power unit, fire, and communications. The second section is equipped with anti-aircraft missile complex, including the musculo-starter, onboard radar system, the control system of the Autonomous movement of the second section and power plant. In the case of the second section placed second power plant, ammunition and fuel tanks. The technical result of the invention is to increase the combat effectiveness, survivability, security, combat vehicle, improving habitability, reducing fatigue of crew and increase their mental and physical capabilities. 1 Il.

The invention relates to .

Famous caterpillar articulated machine (see Century Goat, A. Miroshnikov. Articulated vehicles. Equipment and armament, No. 4, 1988, S. 7-6) containing articulated between the two sections of the carriage type. In the first section are the engine, transmission and transfer case with two drive shafts that transmit the rotation of the driven axles of the first and second sections. Sections are mounted on caterpillar trucks, each of which represents a frame, where mounted propeller comprising a driving wheel, four track roller, one supporting the skating rink, the tension wheel and crawler belt. On this machine are gasoline or diesel engines with power up to 100 kW. Coupling hinge provides four degrees of freedom. The landing is placed in the first and second sections.

The disadvantages of such a machine are the lack of independence (autonomy) of the sections, because they are connected by drive shaft and have a common propulsion system, limited opportunities to install standard weapons in sections, as well as the dependence of the efficiency of the power supply system from the state of the propulsion system as in the first and second sections.

Famous T-72 tank (see Tanks in the world. - Solenogaster systems, increase combat efficiency of the tank. This tank is a ground rolling fire means the nearest battle that implements the principle of “see - shoot”. He is under the influence of almost all fire and other weapons available to the enemy, including the arming of helicopters and low-flying aircraft.

Tank T-72B tank is taken as a prototype of the proposed machine is its base object. The basic object in the local wars of the late twentieth century revealed a number of shortcomings that reduce its combat effectiveness (see Century Khomich. “Do tanks future”. HBO, No. 3, 2003). These include:

vulnerability to destruction “from above”, i.e. aircraft and helicopters of the enemy;

the lack of survivability of the tank, connected with his monohull layout (common in all countries of the world). This layout 80% of direct penetrating hits lead to fatal consequences: ammunition explosion, fire, fuel, and, as a consequence, the death of the crew;

unsatisfactory performance habitability due to the small internal volume of combat OTDELENIE, reducing the likelihood of successful actions of the crew in a long battle.

The objective of the invention is to increase the combat effectiveness Aleamotu crew and increase their mental and physical capabilities.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that combat articulated machine is composed of machine base, while the base machine contains two sections, made with automatic segmentation and Autonomous operation. The first and second sections articulated to each other via a docking device, made in the form of a hinged tunnel with the ability to skip through it, communications, controls, passage of crew members, the supply of ammunition. The first section contains a tower with weapons, sources of electrical energy, drive, controls power unit, fire, and communications. The second section is equipped with anti-aircraft missile complex, including the musculo-starter, onboard radar system, the control system of the Autonomous movement of the second section and power plant, in the case of the second section placed second power plant, ammunition and fuel tanks.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, in which the following notation: 1 - the first section, 2 is the second section, 3 - docking device, 4 - tower with weapons, 5 - turret operator AAMS, 6 - airborne radars.

Combat articulated machine can be made according somesthetic case, the tower, running gear, armament, power to the drive wheels, the sources of electrical energy in the form of capacitors and traditional rechargeable batteries and is electrotank with the possibility of Autonomous operation. In the first section is the commander of the combat solenoi machine gunner-operator, mechanic / driver.

In the proposed design in the rear part of the first section provided a docking device 3 made in the form of articulated tunnel with the ability to skip through it, communications, controls, passage of crew members, the supply of ammunition. Thus obtained significant additional amount of the booked space allows, unlike the prototype, the entire first section to allocate the fighting compartment, which significantly improves the habitability of the machine. In the tower with weapons 4 longitudinal partition in the left, along the side is the crew, including the driver. In the right-hand - gun and its loading with the current ammunition. In the stern battle of the articulated machine is electric, conveyor automatic loader and part of the docking device. Suspension - track rollers, torsion bar suspension, husinec the STW 3 closes the hatch.

The second section 2 contains the main power unit is multi - fuel diesel engine with supercharging and selection part of the power generator supplying electrical power to the first section and the transmission drive wheels.

Arms of the second section is an anti-aircraft missile system (ADMS) that use a reference-launcher designed for placement, targeting and launch of two missiles, for example, Needle-type I” and “Needle” (see Shunkov, C. N. Missile weapons. - Minsk, ed. Medley, 2001, S. 328-385). The second section also posted ammunition guns, automatic loader (main part), fuel tanks and part of the docking device. The chair of the musculo-launchers placed in the compartment of the second section, which also placed controls propulsion and movement of the second section. Management of complex, Autonomous movement of the second section carries out one of the crew members. For the detection of air targets on the upper surface of the second section has 4 on-Board radar, providing all-round view of the airspace within a radius of 5-6 km with information displayed on the screens of indicators located at the operator AAMS and when n is mi guided missiles, drives their guidance, radar and optical-electronic systems for the detection and tracking of targets, and control equipment and seats for the crew. In the case of the second section is placed the main power plant, transmission, supply of ammunition, fuel tanks. Aft of the second section provided a docking device 3 made in the form of articulated tunnel with the ability to skip through it, communications, controls, passage of crew members, the supply of ammunition. When the partition sections connecting device 3 is closed by a hatch. Placing the second section of flammable and explosive (fuel tanks and ammunition) equipment separately from the crew greatly increases the survivability of the proposed machine.

The connecting device 3 is designed for articulation between a first and second section, passes through it, communications, controls, passage of crew members, the supply of ammunition.

The work of the proposed machine is as follows. Obtaining a task on the application of military dump car, the crew firing of weapons on ground targets. If necessary, the crew splits the first and second section and prepares them for the ground targets and the second section covers the first and all units from air attack, remaining in their original positions. After performing the tasks section of the interlock between themselves and move on to a new firing position.

Combat articulated machine has not only a relatively high characteristics of permeability, flexibility, and the possibility of their further improvement. Modular layout allows for easier recovery machines, to reduce the vulnerability of military equipment and to increase its survivability, because as is, the probability of failure of both the small section.

Additional movably articulated booked volume makes it possible:

1. Increase ammo 3 times.

2. The increase in the reserve with one filling 3 times.

3. Increasing the capacity of the power unit to an existing engine 2 times due to the increased dynamics of the first section.

4. Increase relief terrain overcoming moat and a threshold of 1.5 times.

5. Increase groundscapes patency.

6. Improving the survivability of the undercarriage.

7. Reducing the susceptibility of the first section from the high-precision weapon with thermal heads.

All these and others not positive the quality of the aggregates. The machine design is fully integrated into the existing technology of plants producing and repairing tanks.

Claims

Combat articulated machine, consisting of two connected sections, wherein the sections are made with the ability to automatically partition and Autonomous functioning and interconnected by a connecting device made in the form of articulated tunnel with the ability to skip through it, communications, controls, passage of crew members, supply of ammunition, with the first section contains a tower with weapons, sources of electrical energy, drive, controls power unit, fire and communications, the second section is equipped with anti-aircraft missile complex, including the musculo-starter, onboard radar system, the control system of the Autonomous movement of the second section and power plant, and in the case of the second section placed second power plant, ammunition and fuel tanks.

 

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SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in large-size heavy-weight trailer-trains. Proposed dump semitrailer contains frame with two longitudinal beams made of H-channels and turnable body resting on frame. Dump semitrailer is furnished with spring locking devices installed over middle and rear axles of wheels from inner and outer sides of left-hand and right-hand channels and they contains, each, two disks secured in pairs on turnable shaft passed through channel and are provided with shaped cut with locking section and cylindrical rod with fitted-on bushings arranged in shaped cut of disks and elongated slots of channel. Said cylindrical rod is connected with wheel axles through two posts hinge-connected with clamps. Locking device control hydraulic drive contains hydraulic distributor and hydraulic cylinder with connected with disks of locking devices arranged over middle axles of wheels, and is connected through tie-rod with disks over rear axles of wheels.

EFFECT: improved stability and safety at unloading of large-size heavy-weight dump semitrailers, preservation of maneuverability of vehicles, improved convenience and increased speed of unloading.

5 dwg

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