Water heater


The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used to heat water for domestic and industrial needs. The objective of the invention is the provision of an efficient hot water heater simplified design without the use of traditional coolants and without the cost of electricity. The task is achieved by the fact that inside the shroud installed funnel, passing into the nozzle, which is fixed auger. Between the lower ends of the tubes and the inner surfaces of the lower parts of craters formed by adjustable ring clearances, passing into the cavity between craters and connecting with the cavity of the casing. 1 Il.

The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used to heat water for domestic and industrial needs.

The known device using the changes in physical and mechanical properties of water, in particular the pressure, volume, and speed to produce heat.

For example, the Heat source and a device for heating liquids", patent No. 2045715 consisting of a heat source, including accelerators of the fluid - bypass pipe and the cyclone, brakes, and power pump injection nozzle. The disadvantage Ostraya selected "mechanical Heat source", patent No. 2188366, consisting of tank and water heater, resulting in high-speed rotation of the motor. The disadvantage of the prototype is the presence of high rotational speeds (8000 or more revolutions per minute) water heater.

The objective of the invention is the provision of a hot water heater simplified design without the use of traditional coolants and without the cost of electricity to ensure the operation of the water heater.

The drawing shows a diagram of the water heater.

The heater consists of an input pipe 1 for cold water supply, internal funnel 2 and medium 3 funnels, passing into the intermediate pipe 4 for the heated water, the outer funnel 5, extends into the outlet 6 for the hot water outlet, mounted in sockets 1, 4 and 6 screw 7 for forming a water jet with vortex motion, device 8, which regulates the annular gaps between the craters, the casing 9, a cover 10 and valve 11 for draining the water.

Between the output end of the input pipe 1 and the intermediate pipe 4 and the lower parts of the inner surfaces of the inner funnel 2, medium funnels 3 and the outer funnel 5 an annular gap 12, the adjustable device 8 mounted on the cover 10 is agrevating works as follows. Cold water, acting under pressure from the water that passes through the screw 7 through the pipes 1, 4 and 6, formed in a jet with vortex motion, tending under the action of centrifugal force to the inner surface of the pipe, with high speed repeatedly passes through areas mating with the annular gap 12 in the annular gap 12 and, respectively, in the cavity 13 between craters 2, 3 and 5 and in the cavity 14 of the casing 8 in the air suction creates a vacuum.

In moments of passage of water through the sites, mating with the annular gap 12, on the borders of zones of high pressure and exhaustion, according to well-known phenomenon that occurs during the adiabatic process, the local temperature in the border areas of the zones reaches high values, which leads to the heating water to the point of its exit from the output pipe 6 to 70C.

Upon exit from the pipe 6 into the heated water is used for domestic and industrial needs.

Advantages of the proposed water heater are:

- simple design;

- there is no need to pump that creates pressure working environment, as enough water pressure of the water supply network from 2 ATM. and above;

- no need for electricity.

In sootvetstvuem D 60 mm, dvuhtochechny screw length L of 100 mm and diameter d 6,5 mm, five craters, including three medium funnel, five ring gap size h of 0.5 mm When the pressure of water more than 2 ATM. and a temperature of 16C water temperature at the outlet of the water heater will be in the range 70C;

containing casing height H 350 mm and a diameter D of 200 mm, chetyrehkantnyj screw length L 350 mm and diameter d 64 mm, five craters, including three medium funnel, five ring gap size h of 0.5 mm When the pressure of water more than 2 ATM. and a temperature of 16C water temperature at the outlet of the water heater will be in the range of 95C.


The heater containing casing, cover, inlet pipe, a valve for draining the water, characterized in that the inside of the casing is installed inner and middle of the funnel, passing into the intermediate pipe of heated water, the outer funnel extending into the outlet; the inside of the pipes fixed auger, while between the output ends of the input and intermediate pipes, the lower parts of the inner surfaces of the inner funnel, middle and outer funnels funnels are formed adjustable annular gap, passing into the cavity between craters, splicing


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SUBSTANCE: the friction heater has a tank with heated liquid, fixed and rotary disks coupled to the drive shaft for joint axial motion, and a propeller with the working force in the direction of the disks are installed in the tank. The novelty in the offered heater is the installation of additional fixed and rotary disks, the propeller is fastened on the drive shaft, and each of the rotary disks is installed between two fixed disks, and a float located above the propeller for rotation relative to the drive shaft and for axial motion on the latter.

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FIELD: heat power engineering.

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