Device for splinting teeth
The invention relates to medicine, namely to the field of dentistry, orthopedics, mainly in shinirovanie teeth. Device for splinting teeth contains a spring-loaded branches, which are connected in the Central part by means of a rod, provided with right and left threads for mutual rapprochement and out. In the middle part of the rod at the junction of the threads has a flywheel with a corrugated cylindrical surface. To improve the quality of fixation of the tape to the teeth and improve treatment outcomes each working end of a branch is made in the form of a bent in the plane of the branches at an angle of 35-40from the longitudinal axis of the rectangular rod with a beveled pointed end. The working ends of the branches are made of translucent material. The technical result - the ability to use the device when shinirovanie teeth and improving the reliability of the fixing tape to the teeth. 2 Il.
The invention relates to medicine, namely to the field of dentistry, orthopedics, and mostly in shinirovanie teeth.
Recent years for extracoronal postitioning and periodontal front teeth used reinforcing the wiring GlasSpan (see patents US Patents 5098304-5816816-5066361-5425640. the service notes. Mr. York-P. sesame, 1999, 216 C.), which measure tape GlasSpan required length, moisten it with adhesive, photopolymerized and cut off. Then after treating the tooth surface, to be splinting and cleaning iprocketlink surfaces, the teeth are etched for 15 seconds, moisten them with adhesive and setprimarykey. Between the teeth enter the wedges, lightly greased with vaseline, to prevent wicking of the composite in the area of gingival embrasures.
Squeeze a small amount of filling material on a surface svyashenik teeth, then impose measured and moistened with adhesive tape GlasSpan on their oral surface and press it not only teeth, but also to the interdental spaces. For the introduction of the ribbon in the interdental space use fishing line when the tension which the strip of tape is compressed, it breaks contact with the interdental surfaces, i.e., reduces the area of contact of the belt with teeth and, as a consequence, leads to reduced quality of fixing the tape to the teeth.
Closest to the proposed invention is a known device for manipulation in dentistry, containing a spring-loaded branches, the working end of each of which is made in the form of a curved sevenmonth its use without proper finishing for splinting teeth.
The technical result of the present invention is the ability to use the device with shinirovanie teeth and improving the reliability of the fixing tape to the teeth.
To achieve the mentioned technical result of the proposed device containing a spring-loaded branches connected in the Central part by means of a rod, provided with right and left threads for mutual rapprochement and out, and installed in the middle part, between the threads of the flywheel with a corrugated cylindrical surface, each working end of a branch is made in the form curved in a plane at an angle of 35-40from the longitudinal axis of the rectangular rod with a beveled pointed end, with the working ends of the branches is made of translucent material.
Due to the presence of these symptoms is a more complete immersion of the tape in the interdental spaces, a firm grip and pulling her on oral surface of a tooth crown, in addition, is unhindered light irradiation filling material, e.g. Valuex + for polymerization, i.e. improving the quality of fixation of the tape to the teeth, improves treatment outcomes and, in addition, optimization is carried out manipulates.estimates drawings.
In Fig.1 - shows a General view of the device for splinting teeth.
In Fig.2 - presents photo made ustroystva for splinting teeth.
Device for splinting teeth (Fig.1) contains a spring-loaded branches 1 and 2, United in their Central part by means of a rod 3, having right and left threads for mutual rapprochement and out. In the middle part of the rod 3 at the junction of the threads installed the flywheel 4 knurled cylindrical surface. Each working end 5 and 6 branches 1 and 2 is made in the form of a bent in the plane of the branch at an angle of 35-40from the longitudinal axis of the rectangular rod with a beveled pointed end. The work ends 5 and 6 branches 1 and 2 are made of translucent material, this embodiment contributes to a more tight fit and tension to the oral surfaces of the teeth.
The device is used as follows.
Protestosterone gendirektorom thoroughly clean the teeth from plaque and deposits. Metal or plastic abrasive strip process iproxamine surface. Enter pre-lubricated with vaseline aside in each gingival embrasure to protect the gingival papilla. To create microroutine: gel obrabativala surfaces of the teeth, i.e., leaving them slightly damp. Next on all surfaces of the teeth put two consecutive coats of the adhesive is dried by a stream of air and setprimarykey. Measure tape GlaSpan desired length, put adhesive on it, will setprimarykey him and cut off. Harvested tape GlaSpan moisten the adhesive, but will not polimerizuet. By means of the handwheel 4 sequentially regulate the desired width of the working ends of the branches 5, 6 to match them to each distance between the teeth. Extruded from a syringe a small amount of filling material in the extreme, and on the next tooth selected for splinting. Put one end of the tape GlaSpan to the first and the next to the teeth and with the help of the working ends 5 and 6 of translucent branches 1 and 2 adapt the strip each mizuna gap and on the oral surface of the tooth. Keep working the ends of the branches 5 and 6 in the interdental spaces, setprimarykey the polymerization apparatus, protecting from light later in the dental arch teeth. Consistently repeat manipulation on the other chinaswamy teeth.
We fabricated and tested the proposed device for splinting teeth (see photo 2) in the dental clinic №1, Kazan. Sasikiran 60 teeth in ilos time splinting 2 times and improve the quality of the fixing belt. The device is simple in operation and does not require the high cost of its production.
Device for splinting teeth containing spring-loaded branches, characterized in that the spring-loaded branches connected in the Central part by means of a rod, provided with right and left threads for mutual rapprochement and out, and in the middle part at the junction of the threads has a flywheel with a corrugated cylindrical surface, each working end branches bent in the plane of the branches at an angle of 35-40from the longitudinal axis and is made in the form of a rectangular rod with a beveled pointed end of the translucent material.
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has mandibular base plate having members for separating jaws. The members for separating jaws are fabricated from 1.2 mm thick wire shaped as two parallel arcs. Each end of the first arc is fixed in the base plate between the canine tooth position and the first premolar position. Each end of the second arc is fixed between the first premolar position and the first molar position. Arc tops are joined with the base plate. The base plate has hard palate topography and is manufactured from flexible plastic. Supporting-and-holding cramp iron members are mounted on distal part of the base plate.
EFFECT: complete jaws dysocclusion.
SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing two rows of grooves on teeth and fixing aramide threads in them by means of composite material. The grooves are formed in root part of tooth, the first row being built in the middle part of dental root and the second one in pericervical part.
EFFECT: high reliability of tooth immobilization.