Armored troop transport
The invention relates to the field of military equipment, mainly to the samples of armoured vehicles. The invention consists in the fact that the APC is equipped with air springs, bed installed on the exchange machine-gun installation, hydraulic crane boom mounted on the roof of the building in the right middle part with the possibility of laying it in the stowed position across the body, lifting the weight up to 500 kg and 360in the working position. The APC has a cargo door installed in the top Central part of the casing and fastened to the forward portion of the hull and cargo room, located in the Central part of the body that are installed on the floor rollers to move cargo and locks for securing of containers for various purposes. The fuel tank system is properly installed in the left part of the housing unit and connected to a centrifugal pump. The technical result of the invention is to provide timely supply of ammunition and material resources in order of battle of divisions, reduce the time of collection, landing parts, reducing the outfit aviation landing division. 3 Il.
Famous amphibious armored personnel carrier (see Technical description BTR-D (Rev. 925) - M: Voenizdat, 1989. pages 24-26. The prototype. Open edition.), consisting of a housing, which houses the office and the troop compartment, a power plant, transmission and chassis. This object is used for transportation of personnel and supplies weighing up to 1400 kg, evacuation from the battlefield to 6 wounded. Armed armored personnel carrier landing two directional machine gun with 2000 rounds of 7.62 mm. This sample is equipped with a device for protection of the crew and material resources from exposure to radioactive and toxic substances, and bacterial aerosols. The crew of one person.
However, this machine does not provide the contemporary needs of highly mobile troops in the means of transportation that can go directly to the battle array of troops. This sample has no means of mechanization of cargo handling, low load factor, the lack of power reserve, there is no way to remove the guns from damaged vehicles and conduct of them aimed fire.
The task of the invention is to provide timely deliveries of ammunition and materiel directly in dcah landing, to reduce the outfit aviation landing airborne division.
Technical solution to the problem is through the creation of the armored troop transport, consisting of a housing in which is located the office, power plant, transmission and chassis, with APC installed air springs, translation gun set bed with the possibility of mounting a machine gun PKM, on the roof of the building in the right middle part of the installed hydraulic jib crane with laying it in the stowed position across the housing between the troop and cargo hatches, and in the working position with the possibility of lifting loads weighing up to 500 kg in a radius of 360 degrees, in the left part of the body in the Department of management has a fuel tank system of the engine power fuel, is connected to a centrifugal pump, in the upper Central part of the body is set cargo door mount it closer to the bow with the ability to protect cargo from enemy fire, in the middle part of the body created cargo compartment, where the floor mounted rollers to move cargo and a lock for securing of containers for various purposes when the parachutes and transporttransport troop transport (front angle).
Fig.2. Armored troop transport. Unloading of the armored troop transport container with artillery ammunition (front angle).
Fig.3. Armored troop transport, (top view).
Drawings under any of the following positions indicated:
1. Air springs
3. Hydraulic jib crane
4. Fuel tank
5. Cargo door
6. Load compartment
8. Power pack
9. Department of management
Air 1 - air springs, performs four functions (elastic element spring suspension, hydraulic shock absorber for damping vibrations of the vehicle body, the Executive power cylinder when changing the clearance of the machine, the mechanism of retention of the track roller in the upper position when posted casing and afloat). When installing the reinforced air springs total capacity of the proposed model, compared with the serial, will increase to 1200 kg
Bed 2 is used to fasten the PKM machine gun. We offer bed differs from the known fact that the rear mount covers the butt PKM and has a quick-release lock, allowing you to shoot a gun and to use it effectively out of the car.
Hydreabuy. In contrast to the known crane-boom installed on BRAM-D (see 2), in the proposed technical solution is increased radius of rotation up to 360 degrees.
Fuel tank 4 - welded aluminum construction with a capacity of 200 litres, connected by pipeline through a centrifugal pump with the fuel system. Extra fuel tank will allow you to increase the power reserve of the proposed sample of 320 km and to make refueling armored vehicles in combat formations.
Cargo door 5 - rectangular armour plate of aluminum alloy reinforced stamped ribs. Loop fasteners are located closer to the forward portion of the hull to protect the containers during loading and unloading from small arms fire. In order to facilitate the opening of the cargo doors at its front end connected to the torsion bar, passed through the loops of the fastening of the cargo hatch.
Load compartment 6 is created by the installation of a floor roller to move cargo and locks for securing containers for various purposes in the landing and transportation, also in the cargo area under the roof in the left part placed in the folded condition 6 stretcher for transporting injured and straps to fasten them.
Work: the proposed border, floating machine landed from aircraft BTA parachute, strapdown parachute systems (PBS-925-10), and planting method.
It is intended for:
- landing inside the machine and transporting ammunition, materiel and fuel and lubricants in containers;
- transportation in order of battle, ammunition and materiel to ensure the fighting units of the airborne troops behind enemy lines;
- evacuation from the battlefield wounded;
- associated evacuation from the battlefield damaged military equipment;
- conduct technical intelligence.
In the staging area of transport and combat vehicles are loaded with the material means in the container 10. After that, on their own or in another way in the composition of the divisions logistics arrive in the waiting areas where gosupravlenie served desegregate ammunition as part of the airfield groups come to the airfields. The aircraft in hidden places Moors, preparing for landing and loaded into the aircraft in accordance with parachute division and the loading plan of the airfield group.
After landing, within 10-20 minutes, the machine found the crews, Goerens, is the tension of the crawler belt, check the fastening of containers) immediately leave the landing and go around collecting the rear of the units. If necessary, the gun is removed from the bed 2 for firing out of the car in the defense and when the object is destroyed.
From the rear area to bring up in order of battle, material means and unload their hydraulic crane boom 3 on the ground or on the roof motorolaringtones branch 8 objects artillery units. If necessary, refuel the machine with fuel in the combat formations, from its fuel system 4. Cargo door 6 is in the open position, protects the crew and cargo from small arms fire of the enemy. When handling the crew is inside the armored corps. The commander of the machine is controlled by a hydraulic crane boom 3 and the mechanic-driver performs lifting in the cargo compartment. After unloading materiel and munitions crew or sets the stretcher in the cargo compartment 6 and evacuated the wounded to the rear area to the point of sorting the wounded airmobile hospital division or passing tows the damaged military equipment at collection points pourerere departure transport and combat vehicles go into areas they are collected and either ground or landed parachute platforms, for example, type P-7 are loaded into the cargo compartment containers 10 with ammunition, material resources and lubricants. Then the cycle support and evacuation is repeated.
This will allow:
- dramatically increase the combat capabilities of the airborne division, reducing the gap combat units to guard the rear from the tasks in the enemy's rear;
- significantly improve maneuvering capability (average speed mixed colon cross country - 17.5 km/h, the columns of armored vehicles airborne troops - 24.3 km/h), protection units airborne division, as all landed in the rear of the enemy combat and transport vehicles will be armored, tracked, floating;
- increase the survivability of logistics units through the use of for aerosol masking thermodynamic equipment installed at the proposed car;
- to reduce the collection time of the assault, taking into account logistical units, on the landing grounds (the time when the troops are most vulnerable from the impact of the enemy) with 2.5 hours to 40 minutes;
- obespechennyh subdivisions;
to accelerate the evacuation of the wounded from the field on two - two and a half hours;
to solve the problem of maintenance of intelligence, to assist crews in extricating stuck fighting vehicles, associated evacuation of damaged equipment in the rear area division for recovery and repair, increasing the time needed to conduct independent combat operations in the enemy's rear for eight to twelve hours;
- remove the problem of overcoming water obstacles in the rear of the enemy on the move (100% landed technology - floating);
- to reduce the number of military transport aviation, desirously airborne division (two regimental staff) one flight on 22 aircraft IL-76MD due to dropping stocks within the proposed transport and combat vehicles. This will allow you to abandon landing disagreemen in GAZ-66 stocks parachute platforms P-7 (GAZ-66 on parachutes loaded with 1.5 tons of cargo, the remaining 500 kg, parachute for P-7 at the rate of one P-7 on three GAZ-66) for which you want the released aircraft that will give incomparably greater economic benefit compared to the cost of replacement of means of transportation (GAZ-66) on the proposed sample of armoured vehicles.
Formula isoberlinia, the power plant, transmission and chassis, characterized in that it is equipped with air springs, bed installed on the exchange machine-gun installation with fastening on her gun, hydraulic crane boom mounted on the roof of the building in the right middle part with the possibility of laying it in the stowed position across the body, and lifting the weight up to 500 kg and 360in the working position, the cargo hatch is installed in the upper Central part of the body with the ability to protect cargo from small arms fire of the enemy and fastened to the forward portion of the hull, cargo compartment, located in the Central part of the body that are installed on the floor rollers to move cargo and locks for securing of containers for various purposes in the landing and transportation, while the fuel tank system of the engine power fuel is installed in the left part of the housing unit and connected to a centrifugal pump.
FIELD: military equipment, in particular, armored military vehicles.
SUBSTANCE: the part of the tank, in which the crew is positioned, is equipped with two coupling assemblies, one-from the front, and the other-from the rear for simultaneous coupling with two fighting sections of the tank. The fighting sections are also equipped with two coupling assemblies, one-from the front, the other-from the rear for coupling either with the other fighting sections, or with the part of the tank, in which the crew is located. The compartment of the latter is made sealed, with a filter-ventilation system and chemical air regenerators. The tank is made for making a set of fighting parts or military engineering appliances and mechanisms.
EFFECT: enhanced protection of the tank crew and its operating characteristics.
FIELD: military equipment.
SUBSTANCE: the driver's seat with the vehicle controls is positioned in the turret center, fixed relative to the hull, and has controls used to control the vehicle forward and backward motions at turning of the driver's seat by 180 deg. The gear box and the turning mechanism, as well as the water ramjet are made fully reversible. The driver's seat, having a circular scanning and an exit from the vehicle through a hatchway, is positioned in the upper part a hatchway, is positioned in the upper part a hatchway, is positioned in the upper part of the turret. The vehicle crew is positioned in an isolated protected habitable capsule including the space for arrangement of the combat section.
EFFECT: improved visibility of the driver and its protection against fire injury, as well improved operating characteristics of the vehicle.
FIELD: armored equipment, mainly fighting reconnaissance-patrol vehicles.
SUBSTANCE: the fixed racer ring is installed in the upper part of the additionally introduced armored cylinder hermetically joined to the hull and having a possibility of vertical motion together with the fighting compartment from the original position by the value of the height of the vehicle hull with the aid of hydraulic cylinders with springs, and parallelogram mechanisms of leveling with fixation in the extreme positions located under the floor of the fighting compartment. An automatic gun of caliber 20-23 mm with a double-belt feed is installed on the turret roof in the vehicle axis. Folding and unfolding reservoirs with a drive linked with the hull and its interior and consisting of hinge-joined to one another and hermetically sealed metal plates are installed in the fore and aft parts of the hull. Rotary water-jet propellers of the "screw-in-checker" type are positioned in the middle part of the vehicle. A hydropneumatic suspension with a device providing an adjustable clearance is installed in the caterpillar drive. The drier's seat for disposition in the reclined position is located to the left of the engine-transmission installation of viewed in the direction of vehicle motion.
EFFECT: enhanced operating characteristics of the vehicle, reduced its mass-dimensions parameters.
FIELD: military equipment.
SUBSTANCE: the carriage of the grenade launcher is made in the form of an armored box of a segment shape with a load of grenades placed in it. The carriage bottom is provided with holes closed with a hinged cover. The flange is made of two split bushes positioned on both sides of the grenade launcher. The lower parts of the bushes are fixed on the carriage, and the upper ones are provided with a clamp enveloping the grenade launcher.
EFFECT: enhanced accuracy characteristics of the fighting compartment with a simultaneous reduction of its overall dimensions and improvement of its operating characteristics.
FIELD: armored materiel.
SUBSTANCE: the hull is made in the form of two isolated sections linked by a cross horizontal hull hinge providing their turning relative to each other in the vertical plane. Positioned in the front three-bearing section is the engine-transmission compartment with the power unit with a hydromechanical gearbox and a differential turning gear coupled to the driving wheels of its board by the output shafts through gear drives, and the driver's workplace with a chair, control members and a hatch. Positioned in the rear four-bearing section is the fighting compartment with ammunition, and on each board from above-rotary water ramjets of the "screw block' type with a drive from the gearbox. The sections are linked by a hydraulic cylinder that can block in the vertical plane the hinge joint between them. In the linear position the coupling between the sections may be parallel blocked by a spring lock-catcher operating as an individual drive as a result of movement of a slide valve. In the linear position of the sections the vehicle has the outline of a single vehicle.
EFFECT: simplified construction, enhanced reliability and improved operating characteristics.
FIELD: armored equipment.
SUBSTANCE: on-board water-jet propellers, type "propeller in a checker", with impellers of different direction of rotation and axes of rotation parallel with the hull in the initial position are installed outside from above on the aft. Above caterpillar drive from the gearbox is accomplished from the gearbox by the cardan shaft through the inlet bevel reduction gear installed on a bracket fastened on the hull. The intermediate bevel gear is coupled to the second bevel gear and through the torsion shaft and the outlet bevel reduction gear - to the impeller. The body of the water-jet propeller consists of two parts coaxial with the drive shaft, coupled through cylindrical springs positioned in a circumference and having the possibility to turn relative to each other through a definite angle about the axis of the torsion shaft against the stop of the outlet water jet of the water-jet propeller. The water-jet propeller is installed for turning in a hinge about the horizontal axis of rotation of the intermediate bevel gear of the inlet reduction gear from the initial position in the truck hull to the working (folding-back) position and vice versa.
EFFECT: provided reduced longitudinal trimming of the truck afloat, enhanced reliability of truck operation and speed of its motion.
FIELD: armament and military equipment, in particular, protection of fighting vehicle against air attack aids, for example, with the aid of machine-gun (gun) mountings.
SUBSTANCE: according to the first modification, detection and identification of the target, accompanying with determination of the target co-ordinates and parameters, determination of angular corrections their summation respectively in the training and elevation channels with due account made for the crosslevel angle are accomplished. Prior to determination of the angular corrections, the angular velocity of the sight line is found by differentiation of the angles of inclination of the sight line respectively in the training and elevation channels. According to the second modification, detection and identification of the target, accompanying with determination of the target co-ordinates and parameters, determination of angular corrections, their summation respectively in the training and elevation channels with due account for the crosslevel angle are accomplished. Prior to determination of the angular corrections, information on the angle of inclination of the sight line is accumulated in the form of a great number of points for each channel. Then, the function characterizing the sight line by polynomial is approximated. Systematic and random errors of the reproduced derivative of the angle of inclination of the sight line are determined, the order of its approximation for the next interval of prediction of the angular velocities is selected proceeding from the rational relation of the systematic and random errors, and the angular velocity of the sight line in the training and elevation channels respectively.
EFFECT: enhanced accuracy and efficiency of fire of the fighting vehicle, especially at high-speed (air) targets due to enhanced accuracy of determination of the angular velocity of the sight line.
9 cl, 14 dwg
FIELD: fighting vehicles, in particular, tank fighting compartments with automatic loading of the tank gun.
SUBSTANCE: packs of two types are installed in the conveyer of the transportation-loading container of the fighting compartment. The packs of the first type are made of successively located shell and charge compartments separated by a partition, provided with a single leverage of pack opening with provision of packing of a fixed round or a separate-loading round, its retention and transportation to the loading line. The packs of the second type are made of successively located two-or three-charge compartments separated by partitions, provided with an individual leverage for opening of each pack with provision of packing of the charges for shells with provision of packing of the charges for shells of the rotary-type conveyer, their retention and transportation to the loading line.
EFFECT: enhanced quality of ammunition load in the automatic packing, enhanced stability of the charge in the feed trajectory and enhanced rate of fire of the tank.
8 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles with all drive and steerable wheels. Platform 1 has at least three driving and steerable wheel pairs 9, and body 2 can turn relative to wheeled platform 1. Proposed vehicle is furnished with slewing tower 3, engine 4 with clutch and gearbox, central reduction gear 5, transmission and control drive. Transmission provide transmission of torque from engine 4 to wheel pairs 9 of steering columns 8. Provision is made for turning of wheel pairs 9 in the same direction and through the same angle as turning of body 2 relative to platform 1. Sock absorbing of wheels is provided owing to telescopic steering columns 8 and springs. Stabilization of tower 3 at turning relative to cardinal points in horizontal plane is provided.
EFFECT: improved maneuverability and cross country capacity.
FIELD: military equipment.
SUBSTANCE: the method consists in the fact that the barrel is tightly closed from both ends, a gaseous cleaning chemical substance and a liquid cleaning substance are introduced in this closed barrel, the above substances enter into reaction with the impurities located on the inner surface of the barrel, the chemically treated residue is separated mechanically from the barrel and, if necessary, the barrel is flushed out and dried. The gaseous cleaning chemical substance is used as a foaming agent for foaming the liquid cleaning chemical substance. The device has end assemblies made for sealed installation on both ends of the barrel, and a mechanical cleaning component positioned in the barrel and made for reciprocating motion. The cleaning component has a hollow bush, whose diameter is less than the barrel caliber, a brush component, whose diameter corresponds to the barrel caliber and which is installed for free rotation relative to the mentioned bush, and a drive fixture performing the reciprocating motion brought inside through the hole of the hollow bush and made in compliance with the barrel length. The hollow bush and/or the brush component are fastened to the mentioned drive fixture.
EFFECT: provided barrel cleaning in the field conditions and in the conditions of repair shops.
19 cl, 5 dwg