The way the visual presentation and analysis of abnormal values of the measurement parameters of the multidimensional object or process
The invention relates to computing, and data mining systems. Its application in the study of natural and socio-economic objects or phenomena allows to obtain a technical result in improved clarity of the presentation of the data to be analyzed, improve the quality and reliability of analysis results, simplify detect abnormal values of the measurement parameters. This result is achieved due to the fact that the following actions are performed: the transformation of the results of the evaluation values of the measurement parameters in Cvetkovi signals, display Cvetkovi signals in the form of Cvetkovi matrix-histogram on the screen of the video monitor; quality of the evaluation of abnormal values of the measurement parameters use classes identified anomalous values of these parameters, the calculation of the relative values of the measurement parameters, visual determination of the coordinates of the sources of the anomalies. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.
The invention relates to computer technology and can be used in data mining systems, including environmental the data, obtained in the study of natural and socio-economic objects or phenomena.
Known methods for input automatically read digital data in halftone images (EP No. 0493053 A2, G 06 K 1/12, 19/06, 15/00, 01.07.1992.); for data processing (EP No. 0493105 A2, G 06 F 15/17, 01.07.1992.), and how to display the amplitude and frequency spectrum of the vibration signal (RF Patent for invention RU # 1831670 A3, 30.07.1993.), display the telemetry data (RF Patent for invention RU # 2060465 C1, 20.05.1996.), monitoring and evaluation of technical condition of multivariable object according to the telemetry data (RF Patent for invention RU # 2099792 C1, 20.12.1997.), operational diagnostics of the state of multiparameter object according to the measurement data (RF Patent for invention RU # 2125294 C1, 20.01,1999.), operational dynamic state analysis of multivariate objects (RF Patent for invention RU # 2134897 C1, 20.08.1999.), dynamic state analysis multivariate object or process (RF Patent for invention RU # 2138849 C1, 27.09.1999.), monitoring and evaluation of technical condition of multiparameter diagnostics object according to the measurement data (RF Patent for invention RU # 2145735 C1, 20.02.2000.), color is 20.05.2000.), tsvetkovogo presentation and analysis of the dynamics of the situation multivariable object or process (RF Patent for invention RU # 2150742 C1, 10.06.2000.), operational dynamic analysis of fuzzy multivariable state of an object or process (RF Patent for invention RU # 2156496 C1, 20.09.2000.).
Consider the ways in which simultaneous display of multi-color video display multiple graphs of measurement data, each of which are in the form of some bands of the color spectrum, the selected color scale which corresponds to a particular characteristic of the signal measured parameter value changing in time. We present methods offer different solutions for the transition from traditional forms of presentation of information (the current values of the performance parameter measurement information) in the form of graphs, to the alternative form - titokowaru description of the condition of the object of research. When the research object is a dynamic object, and forms (original and proposed) are functions of time, i.e., dependent on the temporal characteristics.
However, for visualization and analysis (diagnosis, detection, monitoring, identificare suitable. For this class of objects is important to seek the unknown dependency changes of the investigated characteristics are not temporary, but on other variables, such as spatial coordinates. While the characteristics studied are typically stationary or quasi-stationary characteristics. Very often the task of this class occur in the allocation of anomalies in geological and geophysical data, in medical diagnosis, the assessment of the environmental situation, the analysis of the economic situation, etc.,
The closest in technical essence is the way to rapid dynamic state analysis of multivariate objects (RF Patent for invention RU # 2134897, C1, 20.08.1999.). The method allows to evaluate the magnitude and nature of the integral changes the state of an object across many of the observed measurement parameters.
The main disadvantage of this method is the inability to analyze the States of objects out of the time coordinate changes of measurement parameters. In other words, the method does not provide an assessment of the size and nature of the state changes of the investigated multi-parameter object depending on other (non-temporal) characteristics, such as Prosti measuring parameters (anomalies) on a set of experimental data (array of measurement options), providing estimates of the magnitude and spatial coordinates distribution anomalies, reducing labor costs in the preparation and formation of the matrix of experimental data, enhancing the visibility of the view data.
The goal achieved by implementation of the proposed method visual representation and analysis of abnormal values of the measurement parameters of the multidimensional object or process, the essence of which is to transform the results of the evaluation values of the measurement parameters of the object or process relevant information Cvetkovi signals of the visible spectrum, in the view of information Cvetkovi signals in the form of Cvetkovi matrix-histogram and displayed on a video monitor screen. As a measure or standard of measurement (estimation) of the anomalous values measurement parameter using the minimum, average (arithmetic mean, weighted, quadratic, exponential, etc.), average (expectation, variance) or background values.
The choice of the measurement parameters and the above-mentioned measures of abnormal values is carried out by the expert analyst, as the results of the evaluation of abnormal values of the measurement pairs and (degree of magnification) changes in selected measures the conversion operation is carried out by formation of the corresponding information tsvetkovogo signal depending on the results of the evaluation of abnormal values of the measurement parameters and the spatial coordinates of the measurements represent information Cvetkovi signals through Cvetkovi matrix-histogram whose rows correspond to the relative values of the results of the evaluation of abnormal values of the measurement parameters, columns - spatial coordinate their measurement, color matrix cells - identified classes of anomalous values of the measurement parameters, display information Cvetkovi signals for analysis on any physical media, including paper, screen, screen, video projection equipment. For each spatial coordinates of the measurement calculates the relative magnitude of the measurement parameters that are included in the appropriate class of anomalous values of the measurement parameters, visually on the extreme values, mind and character Cvetkovi image histograms anomalous values of the measurement parameters define the coordinates of the sources of the anomalies multidimensional objresult his average, the average or background values, as the results of the evaluation of abnormal values of the measurement parameters used classes of anomalous values of these parameters corresponding to the different sign of the multiplicity of the changes mentioned measures, representing positive and negative anomalous values of the measurement parameters of the multidimensional object or process.
Let multidimensional object of the study are presented in the form of a finite set M of experimental data. Traditionally such data for complex objects are multidimensional arrays of information, the analysis of which causes certain difficulties.
One of the main goals of the analysis is the localization of anomalies that characterize a particular (critical, unusual, atypical, abnormal, etc.,) state of the investigated object and / or the external environment.
Under the anomaly is traditionally understood as a deviation from the norm, from the General law. Accordingly, under the abnormal condition of the object to understand his condition, which is characterized by the anomaly. The sources of the anomalies, and hence the purpose of localization of anomalies can be very different. For example, for geological and geophysical objects source anomalies m and (interference). In the first case, the localization of anomalies (anomalous values of the experimental data is the Foundation on which is based the search for mineral deposits. In the second case, the goal of localization is suppressed (exception) random noise. In ecology the source of the anomalies can be deviations in the content of various harmful chemicals in the environment. An important task of environmental monitoring is to identify the sources and areas of contamination of the natural environment.
Clarify the concept of anomalies. We believe that all necessary information about the state of the object and the environment contained in the original set (matrix) of the experimental data. We assume that the results of some observations on the research object is represented in a data matrix whose rows correspond to different measurement parameters, and columns specific values (scalars) that describes the values of these parameters depending on the spatial coordinates. Let the studied object or process is characterized by some finite number n of measurement parameters with the number m of the specific values of each of them. Then the source data set on the volume is bringing a single j-e measurement (observation, test) for the i-th measurement parameter or by the i-th sample (realization).
For the analysis of large amounts of measurement data multidimensional objects, which, as a rule, it is in a granular form, a person (the expert analyst) uses this technique as a generalization. We propose the following approach.
The well-known concept of measure (benchmark) is invariant to the object of measurement. In other words, the properties of the test object does not depend on the adopted measure their properties. This state of Affairs from the point of view of the analysis of the properties of the investigated multidimensional object is not always easy and in some cases can lead to rapid (exponential) growth of the array measurement data. The way out of this situation is the transition to other more common measurement scale, i.e., the change of measure. More interesting results can be obtained using the measure, which carries information about the state of the object or process. We introduce the notion of a measure or a standard of measurement (estimation) of the anomalous values of the measuring multidimensional parameter object or process.
We believe that the value of the element asijmatrix (1) is determined by rassmatri. Each element of aijdepending on the state of the object, obtaining conditions (measurement) of this element, etc. can be normal (within the tolerance, normal) or abnormal (not tolerance, not OK). However, the concept of “norm” in this case is subjective and vague (fuzzy) concept. Will use in place of “norms” when it comes to defining abnormality other clear concepts, such as minimum, average (arithmetic mean, weighted, quadratic, exponential, etc.), average (expectation and variance), background values of the measurement parameters of the object or process. For example, the average value of the i-th measurement parameter can be represented as
whererespectively the maximum and minimum values of the i-th measurement of the parameter.
Define the expression (2) as the unit of measure of abnormal values measurement parameter of an object or process. Then this unit of measure can be used as a benchmark for evaluation of characteristics of the anomalous values of the measurement parameters and, respectively, to assess the characteristics of abnormal conditions (anomalies) of the object or the parameter you can use its minimum, the average or background values.
The set of possible anomalous values measurement parameter can be represented by some set of classes of anomalies). Imagine the possible classes of anomalous values of the i-th measurement parameter as
whereclass values measurement parameter corresponding to some norm, the value of which can be accurately determined by choosing an expert analyst of the specific measures measurement values measurement parameter, for example, in the form of minimum, average, average, or background values,- a slight excess,- a two-fold excess or twice anomalya threefold excess or triple anomaly, etc.
For some types of objects, the characteristics of the anomalies can be represented by the anomalous values of the i-th measurement parameter as
where- a small positive excess or positive one-time anomaly,positive two-fold excess of positive or twice anomaly- negative two-fold excess or double negative anomaly, etc.
Depending on the purpose of analysis and characteristics of the object (the source of perturbations or abnormalities), a specific value of the measurement parameter may vary depending on those or other spatial variables R object. For example, as P can be spatial coordinates (l is the length, h - width, and g is the depth or height, where lL, hH, gG). Many of the observed values of the measurement parameter (the line in the array of experimental data), estimated in accordance with expressions (3)-(4) depending on the spatial coordinates, determines respectively the state of the object or process from the point of view of the impact of anomalies on the parameter in question.
The set of values of the measurement parameters, evaluated in accordance with expressions (3) or (4) depending on varying the magnitude R of the object, determines, respectively, the generalized (integral) condition from the point of view of the influence of animal the UNC (integral) analysis to identify sources of anomalies on a large number of anomalous values of the measurement parameters causes certain difficulties. This is due to several causes, among which the main is the multidimensionality of the object of study or the so-called “curse of dimensionality”.
We propose the following approach. We introduce a generalized (integral) characteristic anomalous values of the given set of measurement parameters
where I is the total number of measurement parameters (signs, symptoms) of the studied object, which is estimated anomaly (anomalyfor some variable P, I*(P,- the number of measurement parameters whose value depending on the particular value of R is assigned to one of the classesanomalies in accordance with the expression (3) or (4), And*(Kkthe relative number of parameters related to a particular value of P to the class of anomalies To ak.
Next, using Tsvetkova form view, you can convert the original data matrix (1) in Tsvetkova matrix-a histogram of the status of the object. Thus, by encoding specific color code of the visible spectrum of each of the selected classes (3)-(4) anomalous values measurement parameter and Tsvetkova matrix-histogram
where z(R) - Tsvetkova information of the visible spectrum corresponding to the identified k-th class of anomalieson the i-th measurement parameter, R is the spatial coordinate of the measurement values, which depend on the location of the source of disturbance (anomalies),sign Cartesian product of sets.
The physical content of the measuring parameter is determined by the characteristics of the studied object or process, and may be different. Therefore, to consider the anomalies of the form (3)-(4) it is possible for objects of any physical nature, such as gravity and magnetic (electromagnetic) anomalies, anomalies in the content of chemical elements in a sample or in the analysis in medical diagnosis, etc., However, despite the differences in the objectives of the analysis of abnormal values of the measurement parameters, the proposed method is invariant with respect to the object of analysis.
The essence of the proposed method is illustrated on the example of detection of various anomalies in the analysis of geological and geophysical data. The main task of search of Geology in the search fields or Pinpoint the source of the anomalies (anomalous values of the measurement parameters of multidimensional object or process. Consider the geochemical anomalies, which understand the plot of the geological environment, which differs significantly high or low concentrations of any chemical elements and their compounds in comparison with the background values. Such significantly different concentrations of chemical elements in nature are usually relatively accumulations of minerals (ore, oil or gas deposits, and others).
When geochemical studies source of anomalies is significant variation in the content of a given chemical element (measuring parameter) from the norm (given measure). In this case, as the variable R can be as spatial coordinates (drilling depth), and their derivatives, such as the number of samples.
Let the value of the anomalous values analyzed the i-th measurement of the parameter, in this case, the content of the i-th chemical element, characterized by the expression (2), where- the content of the i-th chemical element in the normalclass of anomalies, characterized by a slight excess,class of anomalies, /img_data/83/830166.gif">- a four-fold excess, and so on, Respectively, the magnitude of the abnormal value (i+1)-th measurement parameter (content (i+1)-th chemical element) is also characterized by the expression (2), where- the content of the (i+1)-th chemical element in the normalclass of anomalies, characterized by a slight excess,class of anomalies characterized by a twofold excess of norms, etc.
Integral evaluation of the entire set of experimental data can be obtained by generalizing the expression (2) over a large number of measurement parameters (obtained measurements of the content of chemical elements). For example, summarizing the contents of all the analyzed chemical elements in the set P of spatial coordinates (samples geological layer P=h, on the well depth, R=I and other). Obviously, the specific value of the measure of abnormal values for each measurement parameter (the contents of a particular chemical element) will be significantly different, which is taken into account in the calculations. However, for this method of representation is not essential, since the analysis is conducted in relative terms, and their causal dependencies of the distribution.
Applying the proposed method obtained Tsvetkova matrix-histogram States geological well as of the wide variety of measurement parameters - the content of some set of chemical elements
where z(I) - Tsvetkova information corresponding to a particular (estimated)depending on the spatial coordinates of the wells (location of the depth of disturbance or anomaly).
Visual analysis view (see drawing), revealing the essence of the proposed method allows to:
to determine the location of the source of the anomalies (assumed deposits studied chemical element and ontologically related other minerals) extreme values and mean Cvetkovi histogram of anomalies of different levels (multiplicity). So, for the intervals (I3-I4) and (I10-I11) on the x-axis with the highest probability timed anomalousness objects;
to estimate the distribution of Cvetkovi histogram classes anomalous values of the content of the whole population under consideration hee is I'm on a visual level the nature of the distribution of the different histograms twice, three anomalies;
a visual assessment of the correlation (matching and mutual distribution histograms classes anomalous values of the content of the chemical element depending on the spatial coordinates locate the source of the anomalies.
It should be noted that the proposed form of presentation of information in the form of Cvetkovi matrix of histograms (5)-(6) is a very succinct and very clear, as it allows to describe and visualize large amounts of experimental data. The size or cardinality of the measurement parameters, summarize using the relation (4) may vary and is not limited within the proposed form tsvetkovogo view as conversion operations and assessments are not absolute and relative values.
Obviously, such information is necessary for the visual analysis of the studied object or process, which is performed by an experienced expert analyst.
Thus, the proposed method for the visual representation and analysis of abnormal values of the measurement parameters of the multidimensional object or process can be considered as a new allocation method (recognition, the identifier is then anomalous values of the measurement parameters of any multidimensional object or process.
A practical example of implementation of the proposed method shows its quite simple the feasibility of using the computer, thus, the requirement of industrial feasibility of the method.
Thus, the proposed method can be used in both small and large sets of experimental data that confirms the universality of the proposed representations, and the feasibility of the proposed method on a computer.
The set of essential features that lead to the desired result, in the patent and scientific literature is not detected, indicating that the “inventive step” of the proposed technical solutions. The novelty of the proposed method in comparison with the prototype and known methods of presentation and analysis of anomalies, is that developed logical sequence of steps for the visual representation and analysis of abnormal values of the measurement parameters of the multidimensional object, which leads to the achievement of the objectives of the invention.
The object of study, the observed measurement parameters can be very different in their physical content. Cvetkovi description of the object can also be different is the descriptions of the classes of anomalies, the characteristics of the distribution of anomalies etc). However, underlying the method is a logical set of actions on visualization and analysis of abnormal values of the measurement parameters is invariant to the nature of the object or process, which is an advantage of the proposed method. Thus, the resulting invariance property descriptions and representations Cvetkovi matrix of histograms allows you to maximize generalization that allows widespread implementation of the proposed method in various practical applications.
For conducting on-line (real measurements) analysis of anomalous values of the measurement parameters of multidimensional objects or processes a very effective use of this method is the mode of observation or monitoring (on-line viewing of data by computer). Operational analysis can be performed on a particular object, and when viewing the analyst data (samples) from different databases, data warehouses, archives. For example, the review and analysis of the on-screen multicolor video display different data from the database geo is subramania
1. The way the visual presentation and analysis of abnormal values of the measurement parameters of the multidimensional object or process, which consists in converting the results of the evaluation values of the measurement parameters of the object or process relevant information Cvetkovi signals of the visible spectrum, displaying information Cvetkovi signals in the form of Cvetkovi matrix-histogram on the screen of the video monitor, characterized in that as a measure or standard of measurement of anomalous values measurement parameter using the minimum, average, average, or background value, the choice of the measurement parameters and the above-mentioned measures of abnormal values is carried out by the expert analyst, as the results of the evaluation of abnormal values of the measurement parameters using the identified classes of abnormal values for these parameters, the corresponding ratio of change of the selected measure, the conversion operation is carried out by formation of the corresponding information tsvetkovogo signal depending on the results of the evaluation of abnormal values of the measurement parameters and the spatial coordinates of the measurements, which correspond to the relative values of the results of the evaluation of abnormal values of the measurement parameters, columns - spatial coordinate their measurement, color matrix cells - identified classes of anomalous values of the measurement parameters, display information Cvetkovi signals for analysis in any tangible medium of information for each spatial coordinates of the measurement calculates the relative magnitude of the measurement parameters that are included in the appropriate class of anomalous values of the measurement parameters, visually on the extreme values, mind and character Cvetkovi image histograms anomalous values of the measurement parameters define the coordinates of the sources of the anomalies of the multidimensional object or process.
2. The way the visual presentation and analysis of abnormal values of the measurement parameters of the multidimensional object or process under item 1, characterized in that the display information Cvetkovi signals for analysis on paper, screen, screen, video projection equipment, as the results of the evaluation of abnormal values of the measurement parameters used classes of anomalous values of these parameters corresponding to the different sign of the multiplicity of the changes mentioned measures, representing positive and negative
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport and can be used to test to test safety control devices. Proposed module comprises computer-CAN-monitor, device to perform complex testing of locomotive unified safety device, computer-satellite, cell simulating reception of satellite navigation signals and transmission into complex control system, as well as safety of satellite signals, control computer, computer server, network concentrator, uninterrupted power sources and network filter.
EFFECT: expanded operating performances.
FIELD: computer science.
SUBSTANCE: method includes processing all different parameters using a computer considering their type, mutual influence and contents in such a way, as for all information to have differentiating signs, excluding interference of solution variants, taken by analyst on basis of multi-parametric objects state. Transformation operation is performed by forming at output of mathematical models of phrase functions, activating generation of word-logical interpretations, showing complex estimation of multi-parametric space of intersection between classes of state of objects on basis of data of telemetric control or information, inputted from terminal systems.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
FIELD: information technologies.
SUBSTANCE: general mechanism is provided to store data objects in data bases without significant dependence on underlying data storage. Instead of using expertise programmer to find out, how structure of data base may look like, types of data are defined and complemented with attributes by programmer, and the attributes prompt how according data will be used, and without identification of data base structure by programmer, which will be used to store data. Afterwards data base is created dynamically to satisfy demands coming from complemented attributes. In particular, some number of various tables is created in compliance with planned demands for realisation of access to data. When doing this, optimised data base may be created, in order to provide desired results, without request to programmer to have any special knowledge relative to data bases and according schemes of data bases.
EFFECT: provides for optimised approach to storage of arbitrary structures.
42 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: system has a control level which includes a topology generating element for generating a topology that describes a set of input multimedia streams, one or more input multimedia stream sources, a sequence of operations performed over multimedia data, and a set of output multimedia streams, and a media processor for controlling transmission of multimedia data as described in the topology, and controlling execution of the sequence of multimedia operations over the multimedia data to create a set of output multimedia streams. A nucleus level includes input multimedia streams, input multimedia stream sources, one or more converters for handling multimedia data, stream receivers and media receivers for providing a set of output multimedia streams.
EFFECT: improved management of multimedia data and solving the issue of filter-dependency during communication between multimedia components.
14 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: in the device, the output of an input realisation storage unit is connected to the input of a frame selection unit, the output of which is connected to the first inputs of switches; the output of an arithmetic adder is connected to the input of a frame storage unit, the output of which is connected to the input of a frame averaging unit, the output of which is connected to the input of a useful component estimate storage unit.
EFFECT: enabling filtration of moving digital images in limited a priori data volume conditions.
FIELD: radio engineering, communication.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to means of aggregating a microblog single message. The method includes receiving a user instruction; sending a triggering message to aggregate a microblog single message to a server, according to the user instruction; receiving or obtaining aggregation data of the microblog single message from the server; and displaying the aggregation data of the microblog single message, wherein the relaying process of the microblog single message is displayed by using an independent message page with an entry of the microblog single message. When the independent message page contains a message, the source of the message is displayed. When the message includes a dialogue message, the original text of the dialogue message is further displayed. When the message includes a relaying message with or without comments, and the relaying number of the relaying message with or without comments is greater than or equal to a preset number, relaying original text and the relaying number are further displayed.
EFFECT: shorter time for finding the required message.
11 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: physics, computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for dynamic search of an information unit. The method includes unidirectional conversion of input data, the result of which is compared with a search characteristic which is a set of addresses, each corresponding to the position of an information unit, and determining the position of the information unit when one of the addresses matches the search characteristic of the input information and the input data conversion result; inputting a control value on the amount of input data, which increases with each input of input data, and a fixed sequence. The search characteristic is a set of implicit addresses, obtained by converting the information unit and corresponding input data. The position of each of the implicit addresses is determined from the control value converted in a factorial number system. In order verify the determination of the position of the information unit, input data are converted using the found information unit. The conversion result is compared with the fixed sequence and the information unit corresponds to the input data in case of a match.
EFFECT: high level of security of stored information during dynamic search of information units.
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an operation method of a recommendation system. Idea of the invention is automatic training of the user in a social network aimed at explaining which recommendations of the user contacts also being members of the social network are relevant with respect to the category, in which the user is interested. Instructional algorithm is used to interpret feedback from the user in response to reception of recommendations from his/her contacts. Thus, for each combination of a contact and category there can be determined a "relevancy-taste" index. Certain "relevancy-taste" index is filtered. Only such recommendations are provided to the users associated "relevancy-taste" indices of which satisfy the filtration criterion. So, it becomes possible to considerably reduce the number of irrelevant recommendations presented to the user.
EFFECT: technical result consists in reduction of the number of irrelevant recommendations presented to the user.
14 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: information technologies.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to facilities of grouping in social network. Obtaining data on first user friends relationships, wherein data on friends relationships contain one or more friends-nodes. Determining of each of friends-nodes weight coefficient based on obtained data on friends relationships. Forming first circle of friends using first friends-node, having highest weight coefficient among friends-nodes; viewing friends-nodes to find first optimum friend of first circle of friends. Adding optimum friend to first circle of friends and repeat steps of viewing and adding until, all optimum friends of first circle of friends are added to first circle of friends. Determining of each of friend-node weight coefficient based on data on friends relationships and performing grouping by means of weight coefficients.
EFFECT: technical result consists in increase of friends grouping speed.
21 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: method for delivering target content to a target user, performed on an electronic device and comprising: obtaining by the electronic device first data about the first plurality of users, obtaining by the electronic device second data, determining by the electronic device the intersecting data in the first and second data, teaching model for generation of user profile from the third set of users by electronic device based on the user history, receiving data about target user by the electronic device, generating by the electronic device at least part of target user profile based on the profile of one user from the third plurality of users in case of determining the correlation between target user history and user history of user from the third plurality of users, sending target user the target content that is corresponding to at least a part of target user profile.
EFFECT: improving the delivery efficiency of target content to target user.
23 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: technologies of data processing in microprocessor systems, in particular, generation of visual data displays in automated expert systems, possible use in systems for visual analysis and prediction of variable multi-parameter states of systems or processes, including individual conditions of certain person.
SUBSTANCE: in known method for color-code display from a set of all parameters on basis of one or more topic signs, subsets of parameters are grouped and ranked, with which methods of color code display are used separately, while in accordance to ranks of subsets, width of strips of parameters of subsets is formed and/or position of strips of subsets is determined on diagram relatively to strips of other subsets with their possible isolation.
EFFECT: less time needed for faster and improved quality monitoring of object states and improved ergonomics of visualization results.
8 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: computer engineering.
SUBSTANCE: the system contains markup language, object model of graphics, converter of types, analyzer-translator, system of presenters, interface for applied programming of visuals and indication interface.
EFFECT: ensured organized interaction of computer program developers with data structure of scene graph for creation of graphics.
27 cl, 31 dwg
FIELD: physics, processing of images.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to methods of television image processing, namely, to methods of detection and smoothing of stepped edges on image. Method consists in the fact that pixels intensity values (PIV) of image are recorded in memory; for every line: PIV of the current line is extracted; PIV of line that follows the current line is extracted; dependence of pixel intensity difference module dependence (PIDMD) is calculated for the mentioned lines that correspond to single column; PIDMD is processed with threshold function for prevention of noise; "hill" areas are determined in PIDMD; single steps are defined out of "hill" areas; PIV of line that is next nearest to the current line is extracted; for current line and line next nearest to the current line operations of "hill" areas definition are repeated; for every part of image line that is defined as single step, availability of stepped area is checked in image in higher line, if so, these two stepped areas are defined as double stepped area (DSA); parts of DSA lines are shifted in respect to each other, and DSA is divided into two single steps; values of line pixels intensity are extracted for the line that is located in two lines from the current line, and operations of "hill" areas definition are repeated; single steps are smoothened by averaging of pixel intensity values.
EFFECT: improvement of quality of image stepped edges correction.
FIELD: physics, measurement.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns methods of electromagnetic signal processing for tool of modelling and visualisation of stratified underground fractions surrounding the tool. Electromagnetic signals corresponding to current position of tool measurement point are obtained for measurement during drilling, and multilayer model is generated by the electromagnetic signals. Histogram describing multilayer model uncertainty is used to generate multiple colour tone values, representing formation property forecasts for depth level over/under the tool, and corresponding multiple saturation values. Screen diagram is generated and displayed. Screen diagram uses colours for visualisation of formation property forecast for depth levels over and under the tool for further positions of measurement point. New column in screen diagram is generated for current measurement point. Colours of new column are based on multiple colour tone and saturation values obtained from histogram. Saturation values of new column represent uncertainties of respective forecasts.
EFFECT: modeling and visualisation of underground fraction properties during well drilling.
25 cl, 10 dwg