The method of obtaining energy from mineral substances of natural origin

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to methods of obtaining energy from substances. The method of obtaining energy from mineral substances of natural origin is that in a mixture of fossil fuel and mineral matter mineral matter particle size less than 50 microns is introduced into the mixture evenly over the volume of fuel in quantity, to ensure ionization of mineral substances and the process of burning fossil fuel, with the optimal concentration of mineral substances are of 0.09 and 0.03% by weight of organic fuel. Ionization of minerals is the heat flux from the combustion of fossil fuels without direct contact with the torch of fossil fuels. As mineral substances used substance whose volume specific energy of atomization of not less than 60 kJ/cm3. The invention allows to reduce the consumption of fuel and the cost of their transportation. 2 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention relates to methods of producing thermal energy, in particular to a method of burning substances.

Known methods for producing thermal energy from organic substances in the form of hydrocarbons through the organ of the CC of the combustion chain branching (Samothrace) reaction occurs when the fuel mixture unit active centers - of the molecules with the free valences and starts to outwardly manifest only upon accumulation of a sufficient concentration of these centers. This is followed by the appearance of the front ignition or volumetric explosion [2]. Active centers in this case are created by the introduction of ready or resultant mixture lighted torch, hot body or electrical sparks. Thus the calorific value averaging: the fuel oil 40 kJ/g, coals - from 7 to 27 kJ/g of peat - from 7 to 10 kJ/g, oil shale to 10.5 kJ/g, coke - from 26 to 29.5 kJ/g of dry natural gas from 23 to 41 MJ/m3artificial (generator gases from a lump of coal; water gases from coke gas from 5.5 to 26.5 MJ/m3, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel of 3.75 MJ/m3.

Another possible source of thermal energy is water. The process of obtaining energy from water can occur, for example, in the cavitation power plants [3]. The destruction of water molecules in them is in the process of collapse of the bubbles of water vapor. As a result, the energy release when using water as an energy source is in the current setup 10-20 kJ/g

The next step in obtaining energy from various substances is the burning fuel particles of rocks act as active centers, stimulating the process of combustion of the primary fuel and increasing the combustion efficiency.

Thus, from the above analogues shows that the same basic characteristics as the calorific value or energy used substances, even with the introduction of mineral additives in them do not emit more energy than 80-90 kJ/g

As a prototype of the selected method of intensification of mass transfer processes [4]. Burning in this invention is considered as a mass transfer process in the chemical reactions of combustion.

In this process, fine quarcoopome and karastergiou breed (particle size of 95% by weight - not more than 15 μm, 5% by weight - not more than 30 μm) is introduced into the fuel in combination: from 0.1 to 5% by mass of rock; the rest is fuel. The average value of the energy stability of the introduced rock - 82 kJ/cm3. The result is an increase in the completeness of combustion of fuels, in particular oil. This is due to the increase in the number of active centers, which are fine particles of rocks.

As previous counterparts, the prototype has the same drawbacks - the calorific value of a substance remains low.

- in heating systems for domestic and industrial premises;

- transport in internal combustion engines;

in other combustion devices.

The prototype, preserving traditional fuels as the main, can not fundamentally solve the problem.

The problem is solved by way of obtaining energy from mineral substances of natural origin and is that in a mixture of fossil fuel and mineral matter mineral matter particle size less than 50 microns is introduced into the mixture evenly over the volume of fuel in quantity, to ensure ionization of mineral substances and the process of burning fossil fuel, with the optimal concentration of mineral substances are of 0.09 and 0.03% by weight of organic fuel. Ionization of minerals is the heat flux from the combustion of fossil fuels without direct contact with the torch of fossil fuels. As mineral substances used substance whose volume specific energy of atomization of not less than 60 kJ/cm3.

The basis of the invention is tasked to implement the processes of energy initiating the process of energy release from minerals. The value of the energy liberated in this process is limited by the upper limit value of the specific energy of cohesion of atomic cores and binding electrons - Wi [5-6]. While this value is determined in relation to the mass or volume of a particular substance. For non-metallic minerals this value on average is in the range from 500 kJ/t (anhydrite) to 780 kJ/g (serpentinite and kaolinite).

The technical result - the process of energy release from mineral substances of natural origin with a high energy density, in a joint application of minerals and fossil fuels, giving a significant increase in the calorific value of the mixture by addition of the received energy and a more complete combustion of conventional fuels.

The technical result is ensured by the fact that in the method of obtaining energy from mineral substances of natural origin, the process of energy release from mineral substances is carried out in two variants:

initiation energy release from mineral substances in mixtures with fossil fuels;

initiation energy release from mineral substances heat flow from Xu direct contact minerals and flames from burning fossil fuels.

In the first variant of fine material with a particle size of less than 50 microns is introduced into the volume of fossil fuel with uniform distribution by volume, with the percentage by weight determined by the characteristics of minerals and fossil fuels. For each combination of substances in the mixture has its own optimal concentration. The excess of the stated concentration of mineral substances in the fuel leads to Perinatology active centers, which among other things takes the mineral substance, the necessity of spending more energy on ionization excess mineral material and reduce the power density of the mineral material. The energy deposition of minerals is from 200 to 400 kJ/g

In the second case, the heat required for ionization of minerals, fail when burning through some barrier, such as a metal plate. When this mineral substance evenly in a thin layer located at the surface of the plate, with no contact with the torch of the burning of organic matter directly. The amount of mineral matter also has an optimal value depending on characteristics of the burner, EO is the energy of the minerals to the mineral substance is necessary to supply power, equal to its volumetric energy density atomization. After this mineral substance is ionized and depending on the composition of the mineral particle of the medium can occur in different chemical reactions with mineral matter. In particular, the combustion of silicon oxide with an organic fuel in oxygen atmosphere under high pressure chemical reactions involving silicon oxide may not be observed, since the oxygen atoms in the oxide can remain in place, without entering into any interaction. After ionization minerals it gives the environment the accumulated internal energy.

The non-contact method of energy one portion mineral substances can be used for a long time due to the cyclical process of allocating internal energy and new energy absorption of empty photons by atoms minerals.

Such processes of energy release from minerals implement any known combustion devices or internal combustion engines.

Below are examples of specific implementations.

Example 1. Burning a mixture of fossil fuel and mineral substances by the method of bomb EROSKI quartzite. At the optimum concentration of 0.05% of energy from minerals 23.4 kJ/g

The mixture of the fuel oil M100 - serpentinite. At the optimum concentration of 0.09% of energy from minerals was 46,1 kJ/g

A mixture of vaseline oil - Krivoy Rog quartzite. At the optimum concentration of 0.09% of energy from minerals amounted to 29.4 kJ/g

A mixture of vaseline oil - serpentinite. At the optimum concentration of 0.08% of energy from minerals was 46.4 kJ/g

The mixture of the fuel oil M100 - quartz. At the optimum concentration of 0.09% of energy from minerals amounted to 49.5 kJ/g

Example 2. Contactless combustion process in the calorimeter. The tests were performed in a pair of gas - serpentinite. The dispersion of mineral matter less than 40 microns. When hanging 0.3 g of energy amounted to 570 kJ/year When hanging 0.6 g of energy amounted to 440 kJ/year Total dissipation of the mixture was 35% greater than the heat generation from organic fuel.

Example 3. Burning a mixture of coal GISS-050 - serpentinite in the coal boiler. The dispersion of mineral matter less than 40 microns. The concentration of mineral substances 0.05% by wt is asgodom clean coal with the same system parameters.

Example 4. Burning a mixture of fuel oil M100 - serpentinite in oil-fired boiler. The dispersion of mineral matter less than 40 microns. The concentration of mineral substances 0.05% by weight of fuel. The energy deposition of mineral substances was 662,4 kJ/, the Flow of the mixture decreased 1.8 times in comparison with the consumption of pure oil with the same system parameters.

Example 5. Burning a mixture of gasoline 92 - serpentinite in the internal combustion engine. The dispersion of mineral matter less than 40 microns. The concentration of mineral substances to 0.04% by weight of fuel. The energy deposition of mineral substances amounted to 365 kJ/, the Flow of the mixture has reduced by 30% in comparison with pure gasoline consumption under the same conditions.

However due to unique design of the combustion systems and combustion chambers and the process of burning them in the magnitude of the energy release in all cases are different and does not exceed the limit values of W=780 kJ/g (serpentinite).

These examples show that the claimed method allows to obtain significant additional value of energy release from mineral substances when the use of fossil fuels as the initiator of the process of energy release and ensures that there is a material saving system parameters.

Sources of information

1. G. F. Knorre, K. M. Aref, A., Bloch, E. A. Nahapetyan, I. I. Paleev, C. B. Steinberg. Theory of combustion processes. - M.-L.: Energy, 1966, S. 5.

2. Ibid, S. 6-7.

3. RF patent №2054604, 1996. Bull.5. The method of obtaining energy. /A. F. Treasures.

4. RF patent №2129461, 1999. The way geoanalytical intensification of mass transfer processes and composition for geoanalytical intensification of mass transfer processes.

5. Century Century Zuev. The logical relation of the physical properties of minerals and other solid crystalline bodies with their energy coupling of the atomic cores and binding electrons. Milling of ores, No. 5, 2002, S. 42-47.

6. Century Century Zuev and other Regular relation of the quantities characterizing the physical properties of crystalline solids, with values of specific energy coupling of the atomic cores and binding electrons. Scientific discovery. Diploma No. 204.

1. The method of obtaining energy from mineral substances of natural origin, characterized in that a mixture of fossil fuel and mineral matter mineral matter particle size less than 50 microns is introduced into the mixture evenly over the volume of fuel in quantity, to ensure ionization of mineral substances and the process of burning body the ski fuel.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the ionization of minerals is the heat flux from the combustion of fossil fuels without direct contact with the torch of fossil fuels.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the mineral substances used substance whose volume specific energy of atomization of not less than 60 kJ/cm3.

 

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