The angular connection of logs

 

The invention relates to wooden house construction, namely, to designs of corner joints of timber for construction of houses, baths and other gusset includes interconnected longitudinal and transverse logs containing a longitudinal groove, two deaf groove made on the same longitudinal and transverse beams located on opposite sides of the log symmetrically and coaxially to each other, the fixation element in the form of a hidden thorn, made in one piece with the beam and formed with bottom surfaces of the deaf grooves, and through the slot in the form of a transverse groove, corresponding to the fixation element in the form of two blind grooves and located above the fixation element on the opposite side of the log, while the bottom surface of the socket is made in the form of mating with her logs, and when the installation of the transverse logs are located in the same plane with the outer surface of the mating logs. Jack and the fixation element can be performed with a vertical or sloping walls. Design gussets allow you to precisely and securely fix the position of the logs and to preclude penetration of air inside the blockhouse. 7 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

Known design gussets of logs are widely used in wooden construction, in which the logs perform transverse grooves to form the mating logs, with which they interact, such as the Avenue of the Finnish company MACRON.

However, this design does not exclude the direct penetration of air inside the blockhouse in the angular connection logs, as these places are always through the cracks that occur during the Assembly of the frame because of the variations in the mating surfaces of the logs.

Known design gussets of logs in which to prevent direct penetration of air in the angular connection is made the labyrinth seal (Avenue of the Finnish company MEN. It is performed on the outer diameter logs annular grooves, which communicate with annular projections made within the transverse groove.

The lack of design is that, firstly, it is difficult to perform an annular surface at the outer diameter logs and within the transverse groove, and secondly, to obtain these surfaces require different machining tool and different article is the construction of the gusset, includes interconnected longitudinal and transverse logs containing a longitudinal groove to pair them with the previous laid logs, items of mutual transverse performed on the same longitudinal and transverse beams, and each of these elements are in the form of two blind slots located on opposite sides of the log symmetrically and coaxially to each other, the fixation element in the form of a hidden thorn, made in one piece with the beam and formed with bottom surfaces of the deaf slots, and sockets, made in the form of a transverse groove, corresponding in shape and dimensions to the fixation element and located above the fixation element on the opposite side of the log (US 4901489 A, E V 1/10, publ. 20.02.1990.).

This design, as well as the first analogue, does not exclude the direct penetration of air inside the blockhouse in the angular connection logs, as these places are always through the cracks that occur during the Assembly of the frame because of the variations in the mating surfaces of the logs.

The aim of the invention is the design of the gusset of logs with a single element of mutual orientation in the longitudinal and transverse beams forming Lebedinoye and allows you to get the logs in industrial production in final form, without modifications in the Assembly of the framework.

This goal is achieved due to the fact that in the angular connection of logs, including interacting longitudinal and transverse logs containing a longitudinal groove to pair them with the previous logs, items of mutual transverse performed on the same longitudinal and transverse beams, and each of these elements are in the form of two blind slots located on opposite sides of the log symmetrically and coaxially to each other, the fixation element in the form of a hidden thorn, made in one piece with the beam and formed with bottom surfaces of the deaf slots, and sockets, made in the form of a transverse groove, corresponding to the fixation element and located above the fixation element on the opposite side of the log, according to the invention the transverse groove of the socket is made transparent, and its bottom surface is made in the form of mating with her logs, and when the installation of the transverse logs are located in the same plane with the outer surface of the mating logs.

The longitudinal symmetry axis of the fixation element, the logs are located in the same vertical plane with the longitudinal axis of the logs.

Deaf grooves are located in the horizon the vertical plane.

Jack and the fixation element can be performed with a vertical or sloping walls.

Deaf grooves have a surface made according to form mating logs.

The connection of longitudinal and transverse beams are made at right or other angles, for the formation of shells of various configurations, such as hexagonal.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which depict:

- Fig.1 - angle connection of logs (General view);

- Fig.2 is a longitudinal beam in inverted form;

- Fig.3 - section a-a from Fig.1 on the fixation element with a rectangular wall;

- Fig.4 - cross section a-a from Fig.1 on the fixation element with inclined wall;

- Fig.5 is a view along arrow on the socket with a vertical wall;

- Fig.6 is a view along arrow on the socket with sloping walls.

The angular connection of logs (Fig.1) includes interacting 1 longitudinal and transverse 2 logs containing a longitudinal groove 3 (Fig.1, 2) to pair them with the previous laid logs, as well as elements of mutual transverse orientation in the form of a transverse groove, made in the form of two blind grooves 4, which are located on opposite sides of the log symmetrically and coaxially to each other, the fixation element 5 and socket 6, which is located ' 5. Elements of mutual transverse orientation of the logs made the same as 1 on the longitudinal and transverse 2 logs. In addition, the fixation element 5 is made hidden in one piece with the beam and formed with bottom surfaces 7 of the deaf grooves 4, the socket 6 is made in the form of a through transverse groove.

The longitudinal symmetry axis of the fixation element 5 is located in the same vertical plane with the longitudinal axis of the logs (Fig.3, 4).

The axis of symmetry of the deaf grooves 4 and slot 6 are in the same vertical plane (Fig.5, 6).

The socket 6 and the fixation element 5, interacting with each other when stacking logs, can be made with vertical walls (Fig.3, 5) or to facilitate mounting frame with sloping walls forming in cross section similar to a trapezoid (Fig.4, 6).

The bottom surface 8 of the slot 6 is located in a horizontal plane and are made of the same shape as the shape of the mating logs, for example, cylindrical (Fig.5, 6).

The depth of the bottom surface 8 of the slot 6 is made of such size that when installed transverse logs it is located in the same plane with the outer surface of the mating logs, which allows applying insulation tape (not shown) freely raskl is of longitudinal and transverse beams can be performed at right or other angles for the formation of shells of different configurations, for example hexagonal, octagonal or other configurations (not shown).

All elements of the angular connection of longitudinal and transverse beams are the same in the longitudinal and transverse beams and run on the same machines in the industrial environment.

The Assembly frame is produced as follows.

On the longitudinal beam 1 is placed a heater (not shown), and then set the next cross beam 2. When this transverse beam his fixation element 5 is placed in the slot 6 of the longitudinal beams, the transverse groove 4 comprises a longitudinal beam 1, and the surface 8 of the fixation element 5 is in the same plane forming the surface of the lengthwise beam 1. In the case of execution of the fixation element and the socket section like keystone orientation and installation of the transverse logs much easier.

Thanks to such design, the corner connection of longitudinal and transverse beams formed castle and the labyrinth seal, which on the one hand accurately and reliably fix the position of the logs, and on the other, exclude the possibility of direct slots and direct penetration of air inside the blockhouse. This ensures the verticality of the UBA can be used on raw logs, but effectively it is implemented on the machined on the outer diameter logs, such as logs or milled. This design corner joints can be manufactured logs industrially for production lines in the shop and in final form to transport them to the installation site log cabins, with additional adjustment or revision of logs is not required.

The design of the corner logs connection has been successfully validated on the experimental Assembly houses and showed the simplicity and reliability of the Assembly while improving thermal performance of the interior of the frame.

Claims

1. The angular connection of logs, including interacting longitudinal and transverse logs containing a longitudinal groove to pair them with the previous laid logs, items of mutual transverse performed on the same longitudinal and transverse beams, and each of these elements are in the form of two blind slots located on opposite sides of the log symmetrically and coaxially with each other, the fixation element in the form of a hidden thorn, made in one piece with the beam and brasoveanu fixation and located above the fixation element on the opposite side of the log, characterized in that the transverse groove of the socket is made transparent, and its bottom surface is made in the form of mating with her logs and when installing transverse logs are located in the same plane with the outer surface of the mating logs.

2. Angle connection logs under item 1, characterized in that the longitudinal symmetry axis of the fixation element is located in the same vertical plane with the longitudinal axis of the logs.

3. Angle connection under item 1, characterized in that the blind grooves are located in the horizontal plane of the longitudinal groove logs.

4. Angle connection under item 1, characterized in that the axis of symmetry of the deaf grooves and sockets are in the same vertical plane.

5. Angle connection under item 1, characterized in that the socket and the fixation element is made with vertical walls.

6. Angle connection under item 1, characterized in that the socket and the fixation element is made with sloping walls.

7. Angle connection under item 1, characterized in that the blind grooves have a surface made according to form mating logs.

8. Angle connection under item 1, characterized in that the connection of longitudinal and transverse beams are made at right or other angle, for the formation of different log cabins

 

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