Device for cutting the top crust and cut the bread loaves in half
The invention relates to cutting devices, food products and can be used in the production of grain crackers. The device comprises a base and installed in the feeder, mounted above the feeding mechanism in the loading area, guides trays with copiers installed with the ability to swing in a vertical plane. The cutting mechanism is equipped with a rotating knife ring shape and installed at an angle relative to the guide trays. Plate knife is stationary and the angle in the vertical plane relative to the guide trays. The centering mechanism comprises clamping tray mounted on spring supports mounted on the copier, and the centering stops mounted in a fixed position over the holding tray. The invention expands the functionality of the device and improve the taste quality of the bread product by removing the top cover, as a rule, burning and unpleasant taste. Simplifies the design of the device through the use of lamellar knife, not having the drive device. Improve working conditions through the use of the feeder, providing automatic operation of the device is of Reducto and can be used in the production of grain crackers.
A device for cutting bakery products in equal parts, and.with 1542801 containing a frame, a knife, a feed mechanism, the feed table products to the knife and centering mechanism. However, the known device has a number of disadvantages. The process of cutting the baked goods in the known device is under constant compressive efforts to cut the product in the direction to the side surface of the cutting knife, resulting in sticking of the meat product on the lateral surfaces of the knife, which will adversely affect the quality of the cut, and will also require an increase in the drive power of the knife due to significant friction forces between the meat product and the side walls of the knife. A second disadvantage of the known device is that this device requires the attention of the worker, because each cut is accompanied by a manual stacking bread product on a moving feed table, the transition period which is determined by the operating cycle of the device, which is tedious and unsafe. The main disadvantage of the known device is that this device does not provide the cutting of the upper crust from the bread Pro achieved the closest analogous solution is a device for cutting the bread in half and.with. 1329965 containing base, knife, feeding mechanism with the plunger and the centering mechanism. A disadvantage of the known device is that this device requires the attention of the worker, because each cut is accompanied by a manual stacking bread product in the area continuously moving the pusher, the transition period which is determined by the operating cycle of the device, which is tedious and unsafe. The main disadvantage of the known device is that this device does not provide the cutting of the upper crust from the bread product, usually burning and unpleasant taste, which does not ensure the improvement of taste.
The purpose of the invention is enhanced functionality, improved taste bread product, simplifying the design and improving working conditions.
This objective is achieved in that the device for removing the top cover and cutting a loaf of bread in half, containing the base and installed the feeder mechanism with the drive rails trays, cutting knives and the centering mechanism, the cutting of the upper crust from the loaf is done with a knife annular shape mounted at an angle in the vertical paslode made detachable and equipped with copiers, installed with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane. Slicing a loaf of bread in half is a plate with a knife, solid mounted, a cutting edge facing upward and at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide trays, due to the efforts of the feeding mechanism that moves the loaf on the trays. Set the feeder on the feed mechanism in the loading area, and the feed mechanism is in the form of a rod frame construction, equipped with a G-shaped gate and spring-loaded clamps unilateral action.
Compared to the closest analogous solution of the proposed technical solution has the following distinctive features:
- the unit is equipped with a knife ring shape;
the knife ring shape is angled in a vertical plane relative to the guide trays;
the knife ring shape has rotational movement about its own axis;
- guides in the trays are made detachable and equipped with copiers;
- copiers installed with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane;
vane knife still has a cutting edge facing upward and at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide lodigiani grips unilateral action.
The invention expands the functionality of the device and improve the taste quality of the bread product by removing the top cover, as a rule, burning and unpleasant taste. Simplifies the design of the device through the use of lamellar knife, not having a drive mechanism, because cutting the loaf in half at the expense of the capacity of the feeding mechanism that moves the loaf along the guide trays.
Improved working conditions, because the device operates in automatic mode and the operating device work is not tied to the cycle of operation, and periodically loads the feeder, installed in the loading area.
For each distinctive significant sign of a search for known technical solutions in the food industry. The known device does not provide for cutting the top crust with baked goods, and cutting the bread into pieces are usually driven circular knives. The proposed technical solution, these disadvantages are eliminated through the use of: knife ring shape, is installed at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide tray rotatably relative to the awn swinging movement in a vertical plane; plate knife set is stationary, the cutting edge facing upward and at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide trays; feeder installed above the feed mechanism in the loading area, and the feed mechanism is in the form of a rod frame construction, equipped with a G-shaped gate and spring-loaded clamps unilateral action.
The invention is illustrated by drawings: Fig.1 shows a device for removing the top cover and cutting a loaf of bread in half, side view; Fig.2 section a-a in Fig.1; Fig.3 cross-section B-B in Fig.1; Fig.4 shows the arrangement of the elements of the device in the zone of cutting the cover; Fig.5 shows a schematic alignment of the knife ring shape.
Device for cutting the top crust and cut the bread loaves in half comprises a base 1 and installed in the course of the process actuators.
The feeder 2 is made in the form of capacity to accommodate the foot of the bread product of the appropriate form and installed in the loading area. Falling mechanism, consisting of a rod 3 of a frame design with gate 4 G-shaped and spring-loaded clamps 5 and 6 unilateral action, installed in pairs of svijany in the longitudinal direction. The actuator 9 of the crank mechanism 10, pivotally connected to the rod 3 of the feeding mechanism. The guide tray 11 a curved shape corresponding to the shape of the upper crust of the bread product in cross-section, provided with a copier 12, one end of which is fastened pivotally on the housing roller bearing 7 with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane, and the other end biased by spring 13 to the roller bearing 14 mounted stationary on the rod 3 of the feeding mechanism.
The cutting mechanism 15, containing the knife ring form 16, the radius of curvature of which corresponds to the shape of the upper crust of the bread product in the cross-section rigidly mounted on the end face of the hollow drum 17 mounted at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide tray 11 with the possibility of rotational movement about its own axis and centered on the outer surface of the rotating rollers 18, kinematically connected with the actuator 19 through, for example, V-belt drive 20. The clamp 21, a spring-loaded adjustable 22 mounted on the bracket 23 in the cutting area of the knife ring form 16 with the opportunity to interact with bread product in vertically the KTA in cross-section, equipped with a copier 25, one end of which is fastened pivotally on the housing roller bearing 8 with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane, the other end of which is spring-loaded by a spring 26 to the roller bearing 27 mounted stationary on the rod 3 of the feeding mechanism. Plate knife 28, mounted stationary on the brackets 29 and 30, a cutting edge facing upward and at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide tray 11 and 24. The centering mechanism, consisting of a clamping tray 31 a curved shape corresponding to the shape of the upper crust of the bread product in cross-section, provided with lead-in part 32 mounted on spring supports 33 rigidly mounted on the Cam 25 with the possibility of movement in a vertical plane, and the centering stops 34 mounted in a fixed position over the holding tray 31 and symmetrically with respect to the cutting edge plate of the knife 28. The discharge tray 35, mounted on the output device. Along the cutting line on the copier 25, prijemnom tray 31 and the centering of the tappet 34 is formed through the slots 36 in the vertical plane for mounting plate knife 28.
Device for cutting the top crust and cut the bread loaves in half works following orkoy down. The first loaf must lie on the guide tray 11 between the first pair of spring-loaded clamps 5 and 6 and bent vertical front shelf D-shaped, Siberia 4 of the rod 3. The inclusion of the actuator 19 V-belt 20 is put into rotation of the support rollers 18, which results in a rotation of the hollow drum 17 with a fixed knife ring form 16. The inclusion of the actuator 9 through the connecting rod Krivoshey mechanism 10 attached to the rod 3, the reciprocating movement of the roller bearings 7 and 8. Moving forward, the rod 3 grabs the bottom of the loaf of bread vertically bent down shelf D-shaped gate 4 and moves it out of the feeder 2 on the guide tray 11 in the direction of the rotating knife ring form 16, with a horizontal shelf D-shaped gate 4 holds the rest of the loaf, in the feeder 2. Moving a loaf of bread on the step, the rod 3 is returned to its original position, with spring-loaded clamps 5 and 6 are rejected, leaving the loaf at the intermediate position, and another loaf in the feeder 2, falls under its own weight on the guide tray 11. With repeated movement of the rod 3 forward the process of separation and move further up bread from the feeder 2 to repeat the 5 and 6 and is moved along the guide tray 11 and 24 in the area of the cutting knife ring form 16, where is the cutting of the upper crust from the loaf in one stroke of the rod 3. This guides the trays 11 and 24 make swinging movement in a vertical plane through the interaction of the copier 12 and 25 with the roller bearings 14 and 27 that moves together with the rod 3, Orient the position of the loaf in a vertical plane relative to the cutting edge of the knife ring form 16 for a given program, depending on the shape of the upper crust of the loaf in longitudinal section. The transverse curvature of the upper crust of the loaf is copied radius of curvature of the knife ring form 16. The clamp 21, a spring-loaded adjustable 22, is in constant contact with loaf of bread, pressing her to guide the trays 11 and 24. At the next movement of the rod 3 forward the previous operations are repeated, and a loaf to cut the upper crust, located on the guide tray 24, the next pair of spring-loaded clamps 5 and 6 is fed into the cutting zone plate knife 28. While the loaf is moved to clamping the tray 31 on its lead-in portion 32, which enters it in centering the stop 34, orienting the loaf in the center relative to the cutting edge plate of the knife 28, and in the process of moving the loaf is cut into two equal parts from the efforts preauths on the discharge tray 35. Thus, the process of cutting the top crust and cut the bread loaves in half is repeated continuously in the automatic mode with periodic loading of the feeder 2.
1. Device for cutting the top cover and cutting a loaf of bread in half, containing the base and installed the feeder mechanism with the drive rails trays at an angle in a vertical plane relative to which there is fixed a plate knife cutting edge up and rotatably about its own axis knife ring shape for cutting the upper crust.
2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the guides in the trays are equipped with copiers and installed with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane.
3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the feeder is mounted above the feed mechanism and the feed mechanism is in the form of a rod frame construction, equipped with a G-shaped gate and spring-loaded clamps unilateral action.
FIELD: cutting of sheets of securities.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for cutting securities in piles. Pile of sheets is fed under cutter and first free strip is cut. Then pile is turned and fed under cutter which cuts second strip after which pile is turned again and is directed to cutter for cutting third strip. This done, piles of strips of securities following each other are cut into separate securities.
EFFECT: reduced time taken for cutting securities.
8 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: fruit grinding equipment.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has rotating disk with grinding members and squeezing device with screw-type conveyor for feeding fruits to disk. Slot of adjustable width is arranged between squeezing device and disk. Grinding members are made in the form of detachably fixed planks. Planks are extending in radial directions and are provided with saw-shaped edges. Trough on end side of disk, in the vicinity of grinding plank, on at least one side thereof is adapted for discharge of ground organic substances, said trough being open at outer side of disk.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, provision for obtaining of desired structure of ground product and optimal output of apparatus.
20 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: cutting processes and equipment.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes frame, cutting mechanism with drive unit and accumulator. Apparatus is also provided with drum having pivots and motor-reducer, drive unit of drum. Cutting mechanism includes movable cutter and unit for fixing cutter blade relative to drum. Drive unit of cutting mechanism includes differential reduction gear whose first receiving shaft is kinematically joined through worm reducer with electric motor; second receiving shaft is joined with pivot of drum though mechanical transmission and output shaft is joined with movable cutter of cutting mechanism. Other pivot of drum is mounted in output shaft.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and operational reliability, simplified design, lowered costs for of maintenance, increased useful life period, reduced energy consumption.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises frame, drum, drive, mechanism for cutting with movable knife and mechanism for packing cut sheets, mechanism for locking blade of the knife with respect to the drum having shaft with pins, and mechanism for changing the length of sheet cut made of double-arm lever whose axis of rocking is in coincidence with the axis of rotation of the drum shaft pin. One of the arms of the lever is pivotally connected with the frame through screw lever, and the other arm has axle on which the driven cylindrical pinion is mounted for permitting rotation. The pinion engages the driving pinion mounted on the pin of the drum shaft. The mechanism for cutting comprises shaft of the knife holders which are arranged on it with equal angular step, crankpin mounted on the driven pinion of the drive, double-arm lever mounted for permitting angular rocking about the pin of the shaft of the knife holders, and tie pivotally connected with the double-arm lever of the cutting mechanism. The second end of the double-arm lever of the mechanism for cutting is connected with the frame through a flexible member. The double-arm lever of the cutting mechanism has drum in the plane of which mutually spring-loaded braking friction shoes are oppositely arranged. The blocks are connected kinematically with the other double-arm lever rigidly connected with the pin of the knife holder shaft. The mechanism for locking blade of the knife with respect to the drum has double-arm lever. The frame is provided with additional drum whose space receives mutually spring-loaded braking friction shoes kinematically connected vie ties with the mechanism of locking knife blade with respect to the drum. The mechanism for cutting and mechanism for locking knife blade with respect to the drum are mounted oppositely at the ends of the shaft of the knife holders.
EFFECT: simplified structure, enhanced reliability, and reduced labor consumption.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: food engineering, in particular, fruit and vegetable equipment.
SUBSTANCE: juicer has main parts such as upper and lower supports, netted filter, plate for juice, and cover. Lower support has drive mechanism and plate for juice fixed on drive mechanism. Fruit or vegetable is introduced into juicer through cylindrical opening provided in cover. Juice is expelled owing to high-velocity rotation of juice plate. Plate for juice is equipped with plurality of radial toothed blades and central intersecting arcuate blades, with end of one of said arcuate blades extending through center so that during crushing of fruit, dead crushing sector is eliminated from center. Such construction allows cylindrical opening provided in juicer cover to be positioned in center by increasing size of opening and whole fruits and large-sized vegetables to be directly laid into juicer.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and wider range of juices produced by means of juicer.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: apparatuses for cutting polymeric belts by means of heated wire.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes frame with wire heated by means of electric current; drive unit for moving frame mounted with possibility of motion in strut and rigidly joined with reciprocation-motion members of drive unit. Said strut and drive unit, both are rigidly mounted on supporting plate.
EFFECT: enlarged manufacturing possibilities, enhanced efficiency of apparatus.
FIELD: processes and equipment for processing and recovering of previously used crosswise ribbed tubes.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of feeding ribbed tube; embedding in tube disc cutters acting upon ribs in radial direction and rolling out tube by means of disc cutters in lengthwise direction; cutting ribs and separating them from tube due to tangential shifting by means of disc cutters at tube motion. Disc type wedge cutters are used; embedding depth of such cutters into ribbed tube corresponds to radial size of ribs. Apparatus for performing the method includes housing, mechanism for feeding ribbed tube and disc cutters mounted in shafts. Apparatus is provided with annular disc chuck mounted on housing and having following tracks and its rotation mechanism. Housing also includes pan for collecting pieces of cut ribs. Each disc cuter is wedge shaped one; it includes rotation drive and it is mounted in bearing assemblies in carriages equally spaced from disc chuck axis. Said carriages are arranged on housing in such a way that plane of apexes of cuter wedge passes through axis of disc chuck from which cutter is spaced by radius value of tube. Radial size of wedge of each cutter exceeds radial size of tube ribs in cross section. Feed mechanism may feed ribbed tube coaxially relative to disc chuck. Each carriage includes plate with boss for bearing assemblies of cutter shaft. Plate of each carriage includes opening for pin parallel to disc chuck axis and joined with housing; roller parallel to disc chuck axis and engaging with following tracks of disc chuck for moving shafts with cutters; member for locking carriage in housing. Said member includes several stoppers that pass through openings of carriage and groove of housing. Head of each stopper is secured to carriage. Nut with handles inserted into it is screwed onto threaded end of stopper. Inserts are mounted in grooves of housing; each insert has semi-cylinder surface for engaging with stopper and at opposite side threaded stop for locking carriage.
EFFECT: possibility for determining depth of cutting ribs, simplified process for recovery of ribbed tubes.
4 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: apparatuses for cutting waste products of fibrous materials, namely disintegrating waste products of cloths, film polyethylene, fiber reinforced elastic polymers and so on.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes receiving hopper for charging material, frame supporting plate provided with port in means part, cutting organ in the form of cutter drum and cutters. The cutters of cutter drum are in the form of square and they have toothed peripheral profile. Central cutters are combined in pair and one of them is turned relative to other by angle 90°. Apparatus includes unit for adjusting working gap between square-shaped cutters and cutters. Feeding unit is in the form of conveyer with elastic toothed belt. Cutter drum is provided with flywheel.
EFFECT: simplified design, enhanced operational characteristics and reliability, improved efficiency of apparatus.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: sewing industry, in particular, equipment for splitting sheet into parts and cutting out of parts.
SUBSTANCE: cutting machine has housing with closure, platform with column on which housing is secured, knife with drive and electric engine located within housing. Drive is covered with closure and consists of pendulum-type dynamic damper fixed on electric engine rotor, connecting rod, slide, and two guiding racks. Upper rack of connecting rod is pivotally connected with pendulum-type dynamic damper, and its lower end is pivotally connected to slide. Guiding racks are fixed on housing in parallel with column, and slide is positioned for movement therebetween. Pendulum-type dynamic damper is made in the form of circular disk with two openings provided in end part thereof, at opposite sides of upper end of connecting rod. Column is made in the form of rectangular rod with longitudinal slot. Knife is located in longitudinal slot of column, and its upper end is fixed on slide. Machine is additionally provided with dynamic damper consisting of weight with opening, pin inserted in opening of weight, and two springs. Pin is fixed within closure, perpendicular to column, and springs are located between weight and closure walls.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in damping of housing vibrations owing to creation of additional inertial force facilitating compensation of unbalanced horizontal component of inertial force in drive.
FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, preparing of confectioneries and meat and fish products.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has casing incorporating control carrier and cutting members located within casing. Cutting members are made in the form of flat petals and mounted in sequentially offset relation with respect to one another in direction of axis within opening, centrally of casing. Petals are disposed on symmetrically arranged pins equally spaced from casing center for rotation in conjunction with pins. Pins are furnished with one-arm levers carrying fingers adapted for cooperation with guiding slots of control carrier. On at least three levers, fingers are made with eccentricity. Offset value of each of said petals is α=β+δ, where β is thickness of petal, δ is space between petals. Apparatus is equipped with mechanism for forced feeding of lubricant into cutting member zone.
EFFECT: wider operational capabilities of apparatus and increased service life of cutting members.
4 cl, 7 dwg