Device for cutting the top crust and cut the bread loaves in half

 

The invention relates to cutting devices, food products and can be used in the production of grain crackers. The device comprises a base and installed in the feeder, mounted above the feeding mechanism in the loading area, guides trays with copiers installed with the ability to swing in a vertical plane. The cutting mechanism is equipped with a rotating knife ring shape and installed at an angle relative to the guide trays. Plate knife is stationary and the angle in the vertical plane relative to the guide trays. The centering mechanism comprises clamping tray mounted on spring supports mounted on the copier, and the centering stops mounted in a fixed position over the holding tray. The invention expands the functionality of the device and improve the taste quality of the bread product by removing the top cover, as a rule, burning and unpleasant taste. Simplifies the design of the device through the use of lamellar knife, not having the drive device. Improve working conditions through the use of the feeder, providing automatic operation of the device is of Reducto and can be used in the production of grain crackers.

A device for cutting bakery products in equal parts, and.with 1542801 containing a frame, a knife, a feed mechanism, the feed table products to the knife and centering mechanism. However, the known device has a number of disadvantages. The process of cutting the baked goods in the known device is under constant compressive efforts to cut the product in the direction to the side surface of the cutting knife, resulting in sticking of the meat product on the lateral surfaces of the knife, which will adversely affect the quality of the cut, and will also require an increase in the drive power of the knife due to significant friction forces between the meat product and the side walls of the knife. A second disadvantage of the known device is that this device requires the attention of the worker, because each cut is accompanied by a manual stacking bread product on a moving feed table, the transition period which is determined by the operating cycle of the device, which is tedious and unsafe. The main disadvantage of the known device is that this device does not provide the cutting of the upper crust from the bread Pro achieved the closest analogous solution is a device for cutting the bread in half and.with. 1329965 containing base, knife, feeding mechanism with the plunger and the centering mechanism. A disadvantage of the known device is that this device requires the attention of the worker, because each cut is accompanied by a manual stacking bread product in the area continuously moving the pusher, the transition period which is determined by the operating cycle of the device, which is tedious and unsafe. The main disadvantage of the known device is that this device does not provide the cutting of the upper crust from the bread product, usually burning and unpleasant taste, which does not ensure the improvement of taste.

The purpose of the invention is enhanced functionality, improved taste bread product, simplifying the design and improving working conditions.

This objective is achieved in that the device for removing the top cover and cutting a loaf of bread in half, containing the base and installed the feeder mechanism with the drive rails trays, cutting knives and the centering mechanism, the cutting of the upper crust from the loaf is done with a knife annular shape mounted at an angle in the vertical paslode made detachable and equipped with copiers, installed with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane. Slicing a loaf of bread in half is a plate with a knife, solid mounted, a cutting edge facing upward and at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide trays, due to the efforts of the feeding mechanism that moves the loaf on the trays. Set the feeder on the feed mechanism in the loading area, and the feed mechanism is in the form of a rod frame construction, equipped with a G-shaped gate and spring-loaded clamps unilateral action.

Compared to the closest analogous solution of the proposed technical solution has the following distinctive features:

- the unit is equipped with a knife ring shape;

the knife ring shape is angled in a vertical plane relative to the guide trays;

the knife ring shape has rotational movement about its own axis;

- guides in the trays are made detachable and equipped with copiers;

- copiers installed with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane;

vane knife still has a cutting edge facing upward and at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide lodigiani grips unilateral action.

The invention expands the functionality of the device and improve the taste quality of the bread product by removing the top cover, as a rule, burning and unpleasant taste. Simplifies the design of the device through the use of lamellar knife, not having a drive mechanism, because cutting the loaf in half at the expense of the capacity of the feeding mechanism that moves the loaf along the guide trays.

Improved working conditions, because the device operates in automatic mode and the operating device work is not tied to the cycle of operation, and periodically loads the feeder, installed in the loading area.

For each distinctive significant sign of a search for known technical solutions in the food industry. The known device does not provide for cutting the top crust with baked goods, and cutting the bread into pieces are usually driven circular knives. The proposed technical solution, these disadvantages are eliminated through the use of: knife ring shape, is installed at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide tray rotatably relative to the awn swinging movement in a vertical plane; plate knife set is stationary, the cutting edge facing upward and at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide trays; feeder installed above the feed mechanism in the loading area, and the feed mechanism is in the form of a rod frame construction, equipped with a G-shaped gate and spring-loaded clamps unilateral action.

The invention is illustrated by drawings: Fig.1 shows a device for removing the top cover and cutting a loaf of bread in half, side view; Fig.2 section a-a in Fig.1; Fig.3 cross-section B-B in Fig.1; Fig.4 shows the arrangement of the elements of the device in the zone of cutting the cover; Fig.5 shows a schematic alignment of the knife ring shape.

Device for cutting the top crust and cut the bread loaves in half comprises a base 1 and installed in the course of the process actuators.

The feeder 2 is made in the form of capacity to accommodate the foot of the bread product of the appropriate form and installed in the loading area. Falling mechanism, consisting of a rod 3 of a frame design with gate 4 G-shaped and spring-loaded clamps 5 and 6 unilateral action, installed in pairs of svijany in the longitudinal direction. The actuator 9 of the crank mechanism 10, pivotally connected to the rod 3 of the feeding mechanism. The guide tray 11 a curved shape corresponding to the shape of the upper crust of the bread product in cross-section, provided with a copier 12, one end of which is fastened pivotally on the housing roller bearing 7 with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane, and the other end biased by spring 13 to the roller bearing 14 mounted stationary on the rod 3 of the feeding mechanism.

The cutting mechanism 15, containing the knife ring form 16, the radius of curvature of which corresponds to the shape of the upper crust of the bread product in the cross-section rigidly mounted on the end face of the hollow drum 17 mounted at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide tray 11 with the possibility of rotational movement about its own axis and centered on the outer surface of the rotating rollers 18, kinematically connected with the actuator 19 through, for example, V-belt drive 20. The clamp 21, a spring-loaded adjustable 22 mounted on the bracket 23 in the cutting area of the knife ring form 16 with the opportunity to interact with bread product in vertically the KTA in cross-section, equipped with a copier 25, one end of which is fastened pivotally on the housing roller bearing 8 with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane, the other end of which is spring-loaded by a spring 26 to the roller bearing 27 mounted stationary on the rod 3 of the feeding mechanism. Plate knife 28, mounted stationary on the brackets 29 and 30, a cutting edge facing upward and at an angle in a vertical plane relative to the guide tray 11 and 24. The centering mechanism, consisting of a clamping tray 31 a curved shape corresponding to the shape of the upper crust of the bread product in cross-section, provided with lead-in part 32 mounted on spring supports 33 rigidly mounted on the Cam 25 with the possibility of movement in a vertical plane, and the centering stops 34 mounted in a fixed position over the holding tray 31 and symmetrically with respect to the cutting edge plate of the knife 28. The discharge tray 35, mounted on the output device. Along the cutting line on the copier 25, prijemnom tray 31 and the centering of the tappet 34 is formed through the slots 36 in the vertical plane for mounting plate knife 28.

Device for cutting the top crust and cut the bread loaves in half works following orkoy down. The first loaf must lie on the guide tray 11 between the first pair of spring-loaded clamps 5 and 6 and bent vertical front shelf D-shaped, Siberia 4 of the rod 3. The inclusion of the actuator 19 V-belt 20 is put into rotation of the support rollers 18, which results in a rotation of the hollow drum 17 with a fixed knife ring form 16. The inclusion of the actuator 9 through the connecting rod Krivoshey mechanism 10 attached to the rod 3, the reciprocating movement of the roller bearings 7 and 8. Moving forward, the rod 3 grabs the bottom of the loaf of bread vertically bent down shelf D-shaped gate 4 and moves it out of the feeder 2 on the guide tray 11 in the direction of the rotating knife ring form 16, with a horizontal shelf D-shaped gate 4 holds the rest of the loaf, in the feeder 2. Moving a loaf of bread on the step, the rod 3 is returned to its original position, with spring-loaded clamps 5 and 6 are rejected, leaving the loaf at the intermediate position, and another loaf in the feeder 2, falls under its own weight on the guide tray 11. With repeated movement of the rod 3 forward the process of separation and move further up bread from the feeder 2 to repeat the 5 and 6 and is moved along the guide tray 11 and 24 in the area of the cutting knife ring form 16, where is the cutting of the upper crust from the loaf in one stroke of the rod 3. This guides the trays 11 and 24 make swinging movement in a vertical plane through the interaction of the copier 12 and 25 with the roller bearings 14 and 27 that moves together with the rod 3, Orient the position of the loaf in a vertical plane relative to the cutting edge of the knife ring form 16 for a given program, depending on the shape of the upper crust of the loaf in longitudinal section. The transverse curvature of the upper crust of the loaf is copied radius of curvature of the knife ring form 16. The clamp 21, a spring-loaded adjustable 22, is in constant contact with loaf of bread, pressing her to guide the trays 11 and 24. At the next movement of the rod 3 forward the previous operations are repeated, and a loaf to cut the upper crust, located on the guide tray 24, the next pair of spring-loaded clamps 5 and 6 is fed into the cutting zone plate knife 28. While the loaf is moved to clamping the tray 31 on its lead-in portion 32, which enters it in centering the stop 34, orienting the loaf in the center relative to the cutting edge plate of the knife 28, and in the process of moving the loaf is cut into two equal parts from the efforts preauths on the discharge tray 35. Thus, the process of cutting the top crust and cut the bread loaves in half is repeated continuously in the automatic mode with periodic loading of the feeder 2.

Claims

1. Device for cutting the top cover and cutting a loaf of bread in half, containing the base and installed the feeder mechanism with the drive rails trays at an angle in a vertical plane relative to which there is fixed a plate knife cutting edge up and rotatably about its own axis knife ring shape for cutting the upper crust.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the guides in the trays are equipped with copiers and installed with the possibility of swinging movement in a vertical plane.

3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the feeder is mounted above the feed mechanism and the feed mechanism is in the form of a rod frame construction, equipped with a G-shaped gate and spring-loaded clamps unilateral action.

 

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