The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the agro-technical adaptations to heat the water used for growing seedlings and plants in greenhouses and greenhouses for small-scale production, as well as in gardening and horticulture, and farmlands. In the water heater used the property as a water battery of solar thermal energy with help of suspension design, made of flexible waterproof material, such as containers made of transparent plastic film sleeve, sealed the ends. This forms a closed package in the form of a "cushion". In the upper corners cut capacity is inserted into the support rod or tube. Container suspended on a rod or pipe that using suspension is fixed on the ridge beam under the roof of the greenhouse. One side of the container, respectively, facing the South side, or all sides of the container, dark or shaded. In plastic container is lowered end of the flexible hose with a sinker. Hose in place out of the tank is fixed on the support bar. The other end of the hose goes down and connects to the valve below the tank. The water in the tank intensively absorbs infrared Zlecenia falls, begins to release heat into the surrounding space and slows down the decrease of temperature in the greenhouse, greenhouse or Conservatory. 4 Il.
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular the agro-technical adaptations to heat the water used for growing seedlings and plants in greenhouses and greenhouses for small-scale production, as well as in gardening and horticulture, and farmlands.
In the Northern summer of Russia Russia and in other countries in this geographical zone, farmers, gardeners, using the cultivation of crops traditional agricultural practices, insufficient use solar energy to heat the water required for watering plants and for other household needs arising in the conduct of agricultural operations. Use for water heating traditional agricultural practices, such as the setting of the sun, tanks and vessels, such vessels and vessels in greenhouses and conservatories, as well as in open spaces, where the water during the period of maximum solar activity can be heated up to 25-35 degrees Telemaster or for heating a large amount of warm and hot water for irrigation, in conditions of intensive plant growth or harvest. But these known devices for collecting, storing and heating water have a number of disadvantages, because tanks and vessels take part useful sown area in the greenhouse or Conservatory, Sunny side varies during the day, and the movement of these tanks and vessels is quite hard work, and when watering has to bail out water manually, so it is also quite time-consuming and difficult exercise for women or the elderly.
Capacity large enough volume roads and impervious to sunlight, and therefore reject on the plants strong shadow, besides setting them in greenhouses, glasshouses and conservatories reflected light on the placement of the plants, which reduces crop yields and leads to loss of production space.
The aim of the invention is the rational accumulation of solar energy for water heating, reducing the cost of manufacture and operation of the water heater, and the removal of shading seedlings or plants in the greenhouse, greenhouse and greenhouse farming, hygiene items during agricultural work excessive amounts of warm and hot in the solar energy for water heating, need for watering plants and household needs, such as washing dishes, washing and showering is solved using the proposed invention.
The essence of the invention is the use of water as a solar battery, with a simple pendant design, made of flexible waterproof material, such as transparent plastic film sleeve, sealed the ends. This forms a closed package in the form of a "cushion". In the upper corners cut “package-pad” is inserted into the support rod or tube. “Package-pillow” hung on a rod or pipe that using suspension is fixed on the roof ridge beam greenhouse at the top of the hot zone or just fix in any other isolated area, fulfilling the role of "sun trap" near objects irrigation or household use of water. One side of the tank facing the South side, or all sides of the tank, depending on where it is installed, tinted or darkened.
In a plastic container, thus formed, is lowered end of the flexible hose with a sinker. The hose in place out of the plastic container is fixed on the support rod. Another usablenet, below the tank.
In Fig.1, 2, 3 and 4 are given the following notation.
1. A plastic container
4. Ridge beam
11.A plastic sleeve
13. The section line
In Fig.1, 2, 3 and 4 depict variants of the device, the water heater Rybkin, where a plastic container (POS. 1) when filled with water takes the form of a “package-pad or pear-shaped (Fig.3) if you cut corners are not fixed on the rod, then just hung on the rod (POS.2 of Fig.2) using elastic garters (POS.3 of Fig.2) to the ridge beam (Ref.4 of Fig.3) greenhouse, greenhouse or Conservatory. Flexible hose (POS.5) one end with a sinker (POS.7) is lowered into the tank (POS.1), and the other end of the hose (POS.5) down and ends valve (POS.6) or any other locking device. Pump with hose (POS.9 in Fig.1, 2 and 3) is available for both staff and hose locations.
The proposed device operates as follows. To the lower end of the valve (POS.6) is connected to the hose manual or mechanical pump (POS.9). Then the valve (POS.6) opens and turns on the pump (POS.9). After filling the plastic container (POS.1) to a specified orovela water necessary condition to the lower end of the valve (POS.6) connect a garden hose, open the valve (POS.6) and the water flows under gravity into the spray. Fill water into the tank through this hose (POS.5 in Fig.1, 2 and 3). In the reverse direction through the water it down when watering or when taking a shower. An important condition of this system is the constant presence of water in the interval from the top of the hose to the valve. This condition normal operation of the siphon. Possible variant of the Bay and the water drain from the bottom point of the vessel, but in this case it is more difficult to eliminate leakage of water from the attachment hose and a tank or two independent from each other hose (POS.5 of Fig.2 and 3). One for water injection (Ref.5 of Fig.2 and 3), the other hose (POS.5 of Fig.2 and 3) for selection of water from the plastic container (POS.1 of Fig.2 and 3) for agricultural and domestic use.
Water in a plastic container (POS.1 in Fig.1, 2 and 3) may be pumped from both the manual and the mechanical pump (POS.9 in Fig.1, 2 and 3).
In view of the high transparency of the proposed plastic film container in a solid form does not create a shadow, because weakly absorbs the visible part of the spectrum. On a Sunny day, the air temperature in the upper part of the greenhouse rises to 40-50 degrees Celsius. Water in plastic containers, suspended in this area, intend the intensity of solar radiation falling, begins to release heat into the surrounding space and slows down the decrease of temperature in the greenhouse, greenhouse or Conservatory, i.e., serves as a solar battery, removing the sharp temperature drops inside the greenhouse, greenhouse or Conservatory during the day.
Using the proposed design only for the soul or domestic purposes, such as for washing, it is possible to raise the temperature of the water used by increasing the absorption coefficient of the walls of the plastic container (POS.1 in Fig.2, 3 and 4) by painting one of the walls of the tank facing the South side, in a dark color.
As an example of manufacturing capacity water heater industrial method shown in Fig.4, where a film strip (POS.11) of the transverse heat sealing prepare with cut corners (POS.13) capacity for the water heater.
The proposed device was made of a polyethylene film sleeve (POS.11, 12 and 13 in Fig.4) thickness of 120 microns in volume 200 litres of water and operated at their summer cottage, located in the Leningrad region during the entire summer season in 2001 and has shown its effectiveness: low costs of manufacture and operation, as well as the reduction of labor costs at irrigation increased yield is clearly resolved the question of the supply of hot water for sanitary and hygienic life, in agricultural work significantly increased the comfort of working and living.
Heater containing a capacitor, which is made in the form of a "cushion" of plastic sleeves, welded on the ends, the sleeve is made of a transparent plastic film, and the suspension capacity made in the form of rods, threaded into the upper corners of the tank, the intake of watering containers made according to the principle of a siphon with a hose, wherein the cushion is fixed shnurovym garters to ceiling supports greenhouses or greenhouse, and the end of the hose is lowered into the water tank, is held at the bottom with a sinker, the upper end of the hose is tied to the rod, and the second end of the hose down and connected with the valve or shut-off device.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has vented space, apparatus for removal of carbonic acid gas from atmospheric air and carbonic acid gas generator for generating of carbonic acid gas with low content of carbon 14 isotope. Temperature mode inside greenhouse is reliably maintained by air conditioning and by employment of shock resistant light-transmitting covering tending to retain infrared heat energy. Self-cleaning of light-transmitting covering is provided by means of oxide coating. Sealing capacity of greenhouse is not affected by passage of personnel and equipment therein owing to employment of double door, wherein doors are mutually blocked. Soil air drainage is used for preventing gaseous carbonaceous soil decomposition products from getting into inner atmosphere of greenhouse. Intensified ripening of plants is enabled by addition of ethylene into inner atmosphere of greenhouse.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.
14 cl, 1 ex