Cavitation vortex heat

 

Cavitation vortex heat refers to heat and can be used in devices for heating the liquid used mainly for various heating systems of buildings and structures. The objective of the invention is to obtain thermal energy from the liquid (water, solutions, mixtures, etc. for the implementation of a method of high-speed dynamic reorientation of the molecular structures of liquid and achievements of the transition of the kinetic energy of these structures into heat energy, and the energy use associated factor - cavitation. The problem is solved in that the cavitation vortex heat generator includes a stator and a rotor, the latter is in the form of discs, are placed with a gap between the stator discs and mounted on two independent shafts. In the stator discs and rotor are made through holes. Shafts mounted in bearing assemblies and have the seal assemblies. Rotation of the shaft through independent drives connected to the motors, the shafts are rotated towards each other. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.

The invention relates to a power system and can be used in devices for naganaki known construction of generators of high power, used, for example, in the form of a centralized heat supply of industrial technology and civil buildings and structures.

Currently, as generators are increasingly used heat pumps. When working in these devices is reverse cycle, i.e., heat is absorbed from the environment with its subsequent transfer body with a higher temperature.

Known heat pump device using the changes in physical-mechanical properties of the medium, in particular pressure and volume to produce heat.

Known heat source and a device for heating liquids, protected by the RF patent №2045715 (published 10.10.1995), comprising a cylindrical part, the accelerator of the fluid, is made in the form of a cyclone, the end face of which is connected to the cylindrical body portion. In the base of the cylindrical portion opposite the cyclone mounted brake device.

Known rotary pump-heat, protected by the RF patent №2159901 (published 27.11.2000) and pump-heat, protected by the RF patent №2160417 (published 10.12. 2000), having a hollow body with a suction inlet for supplying a heated fluid and magnetotail is with holes on the periphery and a stator with holes, mounted coaxially to the rotor.

For the prototype of the claimed invention, the selected device to heat the fluid by using mechanical impacts (application for a patent of the Russian Federation No. 99106668/06, F 24 J 3/00, published 01.10.2001), comprising a housing having inlet, which serves for admission of fluid into the housing and outlet, allowing you to release fluid from the housing; a wheel mounted for rotation and adapted for rotation, consisting of a disk having a peripheral annular wall in the form of a hollow cylinder attached to the outer circumference of the disk, the surface of the cylinder there are plenty of outlets located at a certain distance from each other around the circumference, and a stator including a concentric surface in the form of a hollow cylinder with plenty of outlets placed at equal distances from each other around the circumference of the cylinder, is attached to the housing and located concentrically relative to the wheel cylinder, forming an annular chamber, the outlet of the stator are connected with the outlet of the housing.

The claimed invention is directed to the solution of the technical problem: obtaining thermal energy from zhidkostnykh structures of liquid and achievements of the transition of the kinetic energy of these structures into heat energy, and energy use associated factor - cavitation.

This is due to the fact that cavitation vortex heat generator, comprising a housing equipped with inlet and outlet nozzles, the stator and the rotor is constructed in the form of alternating coaxial disks, perforated through-hole, and the heat generator has at least two rotors mounted on independent shafts, with independent drives and rotating in opposite directions, and the stator is made either in the form of one of the perforated disc located between the rotors, either in the form of two annular disks located in the space between the walls of the casing and the rotors.

In Fig.1 shows a longitudinal section of a cavitation vortex heat generator with two stators and two rotors.

In Fig.2 shows a connection diagram of a cavitation vortex heat generator.

In Fig.3 shows a diagram of vortices in the inter space.

In Fig.4 shows a diagram of the interaction of forces within the vortex.

In Fig.5 shows a diagram of the interaction between the vortex structures in the cords.

In Fig.6 shows a longitudinal section of a cavitation vortex heat generator with a stator and two rotors.

Cavitation one disk (Fig.6), either of the two annular disks 3 (Fig.1), at least two rotor 4 made in the form of parallel disks mounted on two independent shafts 5 and placed with a gap either between the walls of the semi-bodies 1 and stator 2 (Fig.6), or between the disks 3 of the stator 2 (Fig.1). In the stator discs and rotor are made through holes 6. The shaft 5 in the semi-bodies mounted in bearing assemblies 7 and have the seal assemblies 8. The flow of the heated liquid into the housing and withdrawal of heated liquid from the housing through the inlet 9 and outlet 10 petrovici, United and connected to the heat pipes 11. The rotation shaft 5 through independent drives 12 connected to the engine 13, and the shaft 5 are rotated towards each other, passing a counter rotation of the rotor 4. Supply pipes 9 of the boiler through the conduit connected to the pressure pump 14. The discharge tube heat source 10 through a pipeline connected to the surge tank 15, is included in the duct.

Can be installed on each independent shaft 5 two or more rotors 4. While the number of annular disks 3 of the stator 2 will be determined depending on the selected option of alternating disks of the stator and on-the vortex generator works as follows.

The pump 14 under pressure pumps the heated liquid through the supply pipe 9 into the body of the boiler. Passing through the holes 6 of the disk 3 of the stator 2, the liquid stream is divided into multiple streams. In the cavity between the ring 3 of the stator 2 and the rotor disc 4 is the initial stage of the formation of eddy flow. Perforation of the rotor acts as a detector of molecular structures formed vortex of fluid in the space between the rotors, where the formation of the vortex field. Here, all the vortex molecular liquid flows receive a strict focus. When two adjacent vortex molecular flow occurs "outrage" in the form of energy (the properties of liquid crystals). In this case thermal energy.

In Fig.3 shows how the formation of "vortex cord" in the inter space. Each vortex has a velocity about its axis, which increases from 0 to Max when passing from the vortex center to the periphery of the rotor. In the result, the vortex is formed inside the vacuum region in which the occurrence of cavitation bubbles. Since the vortex field is all inter space, and cavitation field is tentious under the influence of centrifugal forces, which leads to additional heat release in the interaction between vortices and the resulting "disturbances". The result of these two factors - the vortex cavitation and heat energy, located in the liquid in a latent state in the form intermolecular bonds. The heat source in this process plays the role of initiator of the process.

Claims

1. Cavitation vortex generator, comprising a housing having a nozzle for supplying a heated fluid and exhaust heated liquid located inside the perforated stator and the rotor, the pressure pump, the drive of the rotor, wherein the stator and the rotor is constructed in the form of discs, perforated through-hole, while the stator is made in the form of one or more annular disks and the rotor is made in the form of two disks mounted with clearance relative to each other, and the rotor disks are mounted on independent shafts, with independent drives and rotate toward each other.

2. Cavitation vortex heat under item 1, characterized in that each of the independent shaft has more than one Messiah.

 

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