Cavitation vortex heat
Cavitation vortex heat refers to heat and can be used in devices for heating the liquid used mainly for various heating systems of buildings and structures. The objective of the invention is to obtain thermal energy from the liquid (water, solutions, mixtures, etc. for the implementation of a method of high-speed dynamic reorientation of the molecular structures of liquid and achievements of the transition of the kinetic energy of these structures into heat energy, and the energy use associated factor - cavitation. The problem is solved in that the cavitation vortex heat generator includes a stator and a rotor, the latter is in the form of discs, are placed with a gap between the stator discs and mounted on two independent shafts. In the stator discs and rotor are made through holes. Shafts mounted in bearing assemblies and have the seal assemblies. Rotation of the shaft through independent drives connected to the motors, the shafts are rotated towards each other. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 6 ill.
The invention relates to a power system and can be used in devices for naganaki known construction of generators of high power, used, for example, in the form of a centralized heat supply of industrial technology and civil buildings and structures.
Currently, as generators are increasingly used heat pumps. When working in these devices is reverse cycle, i.e., heat is absorbed from the environment with its subsequent transfer body with a higher temperature.
Known heat pump device using the changes in physical-mechanical properties of the medium, in particular pressure and volume to produce heat.
Known heat source and a device for heating liquids, protected by the RF patent №2045715 (published 10.10.1995), comprising a cylindrical part, the accelerator of the fluid, is made in the form of a cyclone, the end face of which is connected to the cylindrical body portion. In the base of the cylindrical portion opposite the cyclone mounted brake device.
Known rotary pump-heat, protected by the RF patent №2159901 (published 27.11.2000) and pump-heat, protected by the RF patent №2160417 (published 10.12. 2000), having a hollow body with a suction inlet for supplying a heated fluid and magnetotail is with holes on the periphery and a stator with holes, mounted coaxially to the rotor.
For the prototype of the claimed invention, the selected device to heat the fluid by using mechanical impacts (application for a patent of the Russian Federation No. 99106668/06, F 24 J 3/00, published 01.10.2001), comprising a housing having inlet, which serves for admission of fluid into the housing and outlet, allowing you to release fluid from the housing; a wheel mounted for rotation and adapted for rotation, consisting of a disk having a peripheral annular wall in the form of a hollow cylinder attached to the outer circumference of the disk, the surface of the cylinder there are plenty of outlets located at a certain distance from each other around the circumference, and a stator including a concentric surface in the form of a hollow cylinder with plenty of outlets placed at equal distances from each other around the circumference of the cylinder, is attached to the housing and located concentrically relative to the wheel cylinder, forming an annular chamber, the outlet of the stator are connected with the outlet of the housing.
The claimed invention is directed to the solution of the technical problem: obtaining thermal energy from zhidkostnykh structures of liquid and achievements of the transition of the kinetic energy of these structures into heat energy, and energy use associated factor - cavitation.
This is due to the fact that cavitation vortex heat generator, comprising a housing equipped with inlet and outlet nozzles, the stator and the rotor is constructed in the form of alternating coaxial disks, perforated through-hole, and the heat generator has at least two rotors mounted on independent shafts, with independent drives and rotating in opposite directions, and the stator is made either in the form of one of the perforated disc located between the rotors, either in the form of two annular disks located in the space between the walls of the casing and the rotors.
In Fig.1 shows a longitudinal section of a cavitation vortex heat generator with two stators and two rotors.
In Fig.2 shows a connection diagram of a cavitation vortex heat generator.
In Fig.3 shows a diagram of vortices in the inter space.
In Fig.4 shows a diagram of the interaction of forces within the vortex.
In Fig.5 shows a diagram of the interaction between the vortex structures in the cords.
In Fig.6 shows a longitudinal section of a cavitation vortex heat generator with a stator and two rotors.
Cavitation one disk (Fig.6), either of the two annular disks 3 (Fig.1), at least two rotor 4 made in the form of parallel disks mounted on two independent shafts 5 and placed with a gap either between the walls of the semi-bodies 1 and stator 2 (Fig.6), or between the disks 3 of the stator 2 (Fig.1). In the stator discs and rotor are made through holes 6. The shaft 5 in the semi-bodies mounted in bearing assemblies 7 and have the seal assemblies 8. The flow of the heated liquid into the housing and withdrawal of heated liquid from the housing through the inlet 9 and outlet 10 petrovici, United and connected to the heat pipes 11. The rotation shaft 5 through independent drives 12 connected to the engine 13, and the shaft 5 are rotated towards each other, passing a counter rotation of the rotor 4. Supply pipes 9 of the boiler through the conduit connected to the pressure pump 14. The discharge tube heat source 10 through a pipeline connected to the surge tank 15, is included in the duct.
Can be installed on each independent shaft 5 two or more rotors 4. While the number of annular disks 3 of the stator 2 will be determined depending on the selected option of alternating disks of the stator and on-the vortex generator works as follows.
The pump 14 under pressure pumps the heated liquid through the supply pipe 9 into the body of the boiler. Passing through the holes 6 of the disk 3 of the stator 2, the liquid stream is divided into multiple streams. In the cavity between the ring 3 of the stator 2 and the rotor disc 4 is the initial stage of the formation of eddy flow. Perforation of the rotor acts as a detector of molecular structures formed vortex of fluid in the space between the rotors, where the formation of the vortex field. Here, all the vortex molecular liquid flows receive a strict focus. When two adjacent vortex molecular flow occurs "outrage" in the form of energy (the properties of liquid crystals). In this case thermal energy.
In Fig.3 shows how the formation of "vortex cord" in the inter space. Each vortex has a velocity about its axis, which increases from 0 to Max when passing from the vortex center to the periphery of the rotor. In the result, the vortex is formed inside the vacuum region in which the occurrence of cavitation bubbles. Since the vortex field is all inter space, and cavitation field is tentious under the influence of centrifugal forces, which leads to additional heat release in the interaction between vortices and the resulting "disturbances". The result of these two factors - the vortex cavitation and heat energy, located in the liquid in a latent state in the form intermolecular bonds. The heat source in this process plays the role of initiator of the process.
1. Cavitation vortex generator, comprising a housing having a nozzle for supplying a heated fluid and exhaust heated liquid located inside the perforated stator and the rotor, the pressure pump, the drive of the rotor, wherein the stator and the rotor is constructed in the form of discs, perforated through-hole, while the stator is made in the form of one or more annular disks and the rotor is made in the form of two disks mounted with clearance relative to each other, and the rotor disks are mounted on independent shafts, with independent drives and rotate toward each other.
2. Cavitation vortex heat under item 1, characterized in that each of the independent shaft has more than one Messiah.
FIELD: low-power engineering, applicable as a component of windmills for production of heated water in houses not provided with centralized hot water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the friction heater has a tank with heated liquid, fixed and rotary disks coupled to the drive shaft for joint axial motion, and a propeller with the working force in the direction of the disks are installed in the tank. The novelty in the offered heater is the installation of additional fixed and rotary disks, the propeller is fastened on the drive shaft, and each of the rotary disks is installed between two fixed disks, and a float located above the propeller for rotation relative to the drive shaft and for axial motion on the latter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heater operation at the same rotary speed of the drive shaft.
FIELD: cavitation and vortex heat generators; heating liquids in various hydraulic systems; activation of mixing, dispersion and chemical interaction processes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydrodynamic heat generator is provided with liquid accelerator made in form of bladed impeller at guaranteed small clearance; it is mounted in circular bush provided with tangential passages located over periphery and used for connecting the peripheral surface of impeller with vortex cylindrical chambers found in bush through longitudinal slots in their lateral surfaces. Mounted at outlet of cylindrical vortex chambers are accelerating packings extending to braking chamber where cavity resonators are arranged. Bladed impellers may be of different types: open or closed-type centrifugal impellers at angle more than 90 deg. and centrifugal vortex impellers; vortex and braking chambers may be also made in different versions.
EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.
15 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises generator of heat energy and system for supplying heat to a consumer, which are interconnected through the supplying and discharging pipelines forming a closed contour. The contour has a net pump and at least one recirculation pipeline which receives at least one member provided with a converging pipe, diverging pipe, and one ring groove made between the diverging and converging pipes. The method of operation of the heating device comprises pumping the heat-transfer agent in the contour comprising at least one member with converging and diverging pipes. The heat-transfer agent is pumped under pressure which excludes the onset of cavitation in the heat-transfer agent flow.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
16 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; heating systems; water heating systems, public services, agricultural sector and transport facilities.
SUBSTANCE: steam from electric steam generator is delivered to jet apparatus nozzle where it is mixed with cold liquid flow for forming two-phase flow at acceleration to supersonic velocity. At mixing chamber outlet, this two-phase flow is decelerated for forming shock wave and converting the flow into liquid flow after shock wave. Then, flow is divided and one part is directed to heat exchanger of vortex tube where it is heated and directed for replenishment of electric steam generator. Other part is directed to nozzle apparatus where it is accelerated to supersonic velocity for forming two-phase flow, after which it is decelerated for converting it into liquid flow saturated with micro-bubble component. Nozzle apparatus outlet is connected with swirler inlet where vortex flow is formed; from swirler, flow is directed to vortex tube where heat is released and flow is divided into hot and cold components. From vortex tube, flow is directed to heat exchanger for transfer of heat to second loop; cooled liquid flow is directed to ejector inlet.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of plant.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises high-pressure pump, hydraulic motor, and safety device which are arranged in the tank under the level of fluid. The delivery space of the high-pressure pump is connected with the supplying passage of the hydraulic motor through the high-pressure pipeline which is made of a cylindrical coil whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the longitudinal axes of the housing, diffuser of the resonance vibrations , and ring made of a trancated cone. The discharging passage of the hydraulic motor is connected through the a pipeline with the sprayer whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the axes of the deflector and head, longitudinal axis of the diffuser, longitudinal axis of the ring, and longitudinal axis of the magnetostriction emitter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device for heating water comprises heat generator of pump type, which consists of housing that have cylindrical section and receives at least one member for acceleration of fluid flow made of working wheel composed of two disks which allow the working wheel to be set in rotation and disk made of a flat ring secured inside the cylindrical section of the housing in the zone of rotation of working wheel coaxially to it, one member for decelerating fluid flow made of a conical straightener, and heat exchange system connected with the delivery branch pipe and the pump. The disks of the working wheel define nozzles arranged closer to its face. The working wheel and unmovable disk define space of variable cross-section for sucking heated fluid through the nozzles and supplying it to consumers. According to a particular version, the working wheel can be mounted for permitting adjusting the spaces between its sides and lids at the inlet and outlet of the heat generator.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat production by means other than fuel combustion for premises water heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed cavitation-type rotary heat-generator has housing provided with heated-liquid inlet and outlet and cylindrical surface carrying two coaxial rings of which one is fixed in position relative to housing and other ring is set in rotary motion by drive shaft disposed coaxially with rings. The latter are provided with radial holes disposed in plane perpendicular to axis of revolution. External coaxial ring is revolving and internal one is fixed in position relative to housing, clearance of 0.5 to 3 mm being provided between external revolving ring and internal cylindrical surface of housing. Steel disk is turned onto threaded end of drive shaft and external revolving ring is turned onto its rim. Drive shaft has spider with steel spokes tightened by means of claw nuts installed in depressions of external revolving ring. Threaded end of drive shaft mounts metal head with rimmed textolite disk attached thereto; this rimmed disk carries external revolving ring. Diameter of holes in internal fixed ring is larger by 1.5 - 3 times that that of holes in external revolving ring. Hole number in external revolving ring is other than that in internal fixed one.
EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.
SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of degassing liquid; enhanced corrosion resistance; increased flow rate of liquid; reduced noise of pump.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering; use of geothermal heat in units using water from external sources.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant includes vertical delivery well-bore running to earth's crust and vertical outlet well-bore located at some distance from delivery well-bore; provision is made for evacuation of vapor from this well-bore; plant is also provided with horizontal well-bore for connection of two vertical well-bores and at least one section of horizontal well-bore located in hot rock; all said well-bores are provided with casing pipes to exclude contact of liquid flowing through well-bores with soil or underground water; water obtained after condensation of vapor from outlet well-bore is pumped to delivery well-bore and is used repeatedly. Besides that, horizontal well-bore may be entirely located in rock; delivery and outlet well-bores enter hot rock; plant is provided with devices for delivery of water from delivery well-bore to horizontal well-bore. Water admitting to rock is not contaminated in such plant and may be used repeatedly.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: chemical and oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying methane-containing gas to the cavitation liquid (water), bringing the gas into contact with the cavitation liquid to produce exothermic reactions, withdrawing heat, and removing oxygen-organic compositions, highest hydrocarbons, and unreacted gases from the cooled liquid, and rising pressure of the purified liquid. The reaction between the methane-containing gas and cavitation liquid is carried out in the presence of catalyzers that contain carbides, nitrides, borides and oxides of metals. The unreacted gases are supplied to the methane-containing gas.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.