Piston internal combustion engine double-acting

 

The invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used in the conversion mechanisms swinging movement into rotational. The technical result is to increase the efficiency of the engine. The invention consists in that the engine includes a work cylinder with Windows in its upper and lower parts of the walls, the piston divides the working cylinder on the motor and compression chamber and fixed to the rod passing through a tight hole in the lid compression chamber. According to the invention on the outside of the side wall of the cylinder is the saddle valve rotor in diametrically opposite edge and looking out the window of the working cylinder. And the spool, the rotor is made in the form of a gear wheel, crowned by side and closely adjacent to the saddle valve rotor in diametrically opposite edges are made through two Windows and two combustion chambers in the form of recesses. Moreover, the window and the camera are arranged circumferentially at intervals of a width less than the width of the Windows in the saddle valve rotor. 1 Il.

The invention relates to reciprocating internal combustion engines.

Investieren, separating the slave cylinder on the motor and compression chamber and fixed to the rod passing through a tight hole in the lid compression chamber (U.S. patent No. 5862781, IPC F 02 B 33/12, 1999).

The disadvantage of this two-stroke engine is the low quality of cleaning of the cylinder from the exhaust gases and filling it with fresh fuel mixture, the consequence of this is the low power density of the engine.

The problem to which the invention is directed, is to increase the specific power of the engine.

The technical result of the invention is the implementation of the four-stroke cycle gas exchange during one revolution of the crankshaft by combining cycles of expansion and contraction and ejection and suction.

The mentioned technical result is achieved in that the internal combustion engine double-acting (DWSD) contains the slave cylinder with Windows in the top and bottom of the cylinder walls, the piston divides the working cylinder on the motor and compression chamber and fixed to the rod passing through a tight hole in the lid compression chamber. Feature DWSD is that outside of the side wall of the cylinder is the saddle valve rotor in which n in the form of a gear wheel, in the crown which side tight to the saddle valve rotor in diametrically opposite edges are made through two Windows and two combustion chambers in the form of recesses, and the window and the camera are arranged circumferentially at intervals of a width less than the width of the window in the saddle spool rotor.

The drawing shows DWSD.

The engine includes a work cylinder 1 with Windows 2 and 3 in the upper and lower parts, the piston 4 mounted on the rod 5, the motor chamber 6 and the compression chamber 7, the saddle valve rotor 8, slide the rotor 9 through the Windows 10 and the combustion chambers 11.

The engine works as follows.

At the beginning of the movement of the piston 4 upward through the Windows 10 rotating spool rotor 9 open window 3 and 2. During almost the entire period of movement of the piston in the compression chamber 7 there is an intake of air, and in the propulsion chamber 6 is pushing out the exhaust gases, while in the short to box 2 in the direction of rotation of spool rotor 9 of the combustion chamber 11 is filled with compressed air, is injected and combustion, and in the other combustion chamber 11 is released to the atmosphere residual gases. When the piston 4 reaches the upper dead point of the window 2 Auda with combustion chambers 11, and during almost the entire period of movement of the piston 4 down in the motor chamber 6 expands and useful work of hot gases, and in the compression chamber 6 compression and expulsion of air in the other combustion chamber 11. After the piston 4 reaches the bottom dead point, the cycle repeats.

Claims

Piston internal combustion engine is double-acting, containing a working cylinder with Windows in the top and bottom of the cylinder walls, the piston divides the working cylinder on the motor and compression chamber and fixed to the rod passing through a tight hole in the lid compression chamber, characterized in that the outside of the side wall of the cylinder is the saddle valve rotor in diametrically opposite edge and looking out the window of the working cylinder, and the valve rotor is made in the form of a gear wheel, crowned by side and closely adjacent to the seat of slide valve rotor, in the diametrically opposite edges are made through two Windows and two combustion chambers in the form of recesses, and the window and the camera are arranged circumferentially at intervals of a width less than the width of the window in the saddle valve rotor.

 

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