The control unit multi-function indicator
The invention relates to control apparatus (LA), as well as to indicators, displaying information about the flight parameters and LA. Its application allows to obtain a technical result in the form of simplifying and expediting the process control AIRCRAFT, the weight and improve the performance indicators of the management bodies of LA, prevent overlap of the review of indicators by the hand of the pilot in the management process that reduces errors piloting and improves the reliability of aircraft control. This result is achieved, in part, due to the fact that in the construction of the control device of the multifunction indicator is provided by four switch with special built knobs and buttons. 5 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.The invention relates to control devices multi-function indicator (MFI) with controls (OS) on the front panel. Such indicators are used when to install a separate remote control indicator is not feasible due to the limited scope of the operator's cabin or from the convenience of management. The preferred scope of the present invention cabins wave to alternately display different types of information. This information is grouped in a separate image formats, each of which may be caused by the pilot on the screen MFIs as needed.The management of the multifunctional indicator in the General case is reduced to the following procedures:call on the indicator of the desired image format;modification caused by a format in accordance with the problem to be solved, such as the choice of sources of navigational information, the image scale, the direction of orientation of the card;the input values of the parameters of the flight altitude, speed, fuel consumption and other parameters, which are indicated on the scales MFIs and used by the pilot to control the flight.Controls MFIs often placed on its front panel. To call the image format and its modifications are widely used buttons that come on the bezel MFIs or, if you have a touch screen, depicted directly on the screen [1, 2]. To accommodate real or depicted buttons have to increase the size of the front of the indicator, which is highly undesirable due to the limited space on the dashboard, on which is placed the IFIs, in addition, increase in the size of the front privatistic, to accommodate them we have to use three or even all four sides of the screen of the indicator, and this is undesirable for reasons of ease of control: if the indicator is not directly in front of the pilot, and shifted, in with the OS on two of the four sides, the pilot had gotten his hand portion of the screen and temporarily loses control over the displayed there information that contributes to the errors of the pilot, and in some cases may adversely affect flight safety.To enter the given values of the parameters can be numeric keypad. However, this requires an additional 10 digital buttons(“0”-“9”), when placing the OS on the bezel only exacerbates the above problems. Another common way to specify the values of parameters - use handle-cremallera. Rotating the knob in one direction, increase the parameter value by turning in the other direction is reduced. The downsides of the job is neoperativnost: due to the fact that the set value of the parameter must match exactly, step changes should be small, and the range of variation of parameter, usually large, so for a set of desired values requires quite many who ranks improvements to help accelerate the work cremallera, for example, by turning the handle not ask the magnitude and rate of change parameter , however, this input takes more time than the set number on the numeric keypad. Another disadvantage kremler is that very often the correction is to change one or two digits, and using cremallera can only gradually change all the value, but you cannot adjust a separate digit of the number.These shortcomings deprived of the device proposed in U.S. patent . It contains a switch to select the assigned parameter, the digital indicator to display the current values and a few pens, each of which is used to change the numbers in one of the digits. This method of job allows you to quickly dial in the desired value, and the number of shelter less than with digital dial: you can do 5 handles instead of 10 numeric keys. However, to place these 5 knobs on the frame of the screen MFIs difficult.More compact device described in U.S. patent . It contains two concentric knobs installed coaxially. Outer handle allows you to select the correct digit number, and the inner handle serves as carry handles.Described devices handle separate tasks management or call and modification of image format, or input parameter. To reduce the number of OS both groups of functions are carried out with the same controls. The indicator Garmin GNS 430  to control the content of the screen image and the input values used dual concentric knob and buttons “MENU”, “ENT”. Double handle includes two spaced coaxial handle, external and internal. The call format is made two-stage: external rotation of the handle will choose one of four groups of formats, and then the rotation of the inside handle sorting in turn formats the selected group until you want is displayed. Modification of the selected format is performed using the context menu that appears on screen MENU button. After the call menu, double handle ceases to control the image format and selects the menu: when the knob is rotated alternately highlighted in the menu, when pressing the “ENT” is highlighted at this point, the menu item is selected and executed corresponding to this item, the action of modifying the format of the image. The input and adjust the parameter values prosum way. After the item is selected, double handle stops to control the selection in the menu and switches to change the setting. External and internal handle perform the role kremler for, respectively, the coarse and fine control parameter values. The typed value by pressing the “ENT”. The drawback MFIs is non-operational challenge of image format. If events occur when the pilot is required urgently call on the screen MFIs any image format, it will have to perform the following procedure: if the handle is moved to the menu operation mode or in the mode setting, you must first return to her options control the format of the image, and then use it to implement a two-step select the desired format.The closest analogue of the invention is to MFIs is described in U.S. patent . This device contains a display, managing the microprocessor and the power switch in the form of a rotating handle with built-in key. The pen is used for the modification caused the image format and to enter, adjust parameter values. Call image format is individual copytele corresponds to the control (menu), depicted on the screen. When the knob is in a certain position on the screen is highlighted, the corresponding control. This element can be a list of alternate sources of information, the set value of the parameter or depicted on screen virtual button. Clicking on the butt of the handle triggers built into the handle button and execute the action corresponding to the selected at this point the control. When the selected control is a virtual button, it executes the corresponding action. When the selected control is a given value of the parameter, then press on the control mode correction value. The adjustment is made using the same handle, which in this case plays the role of cremallera, and the typed value is conducted by pressing on the same handle. If the selected control is a list mode move through the list, which is produced by the same pen, and the selection in the list is terminated by pressing on the same handle. The disadvantage of this device is that with its help solve the problem of modifying the format of the image and the parameter input. Inthis approach can significantly reduce the number of OS and accordingly, the dimensions of the frame of the screen. Another disadvantage associated with the selected method of setting - using cremallera. This drawback has already been discussed above.The main object of the present invention is to provide such a device control multi-function indicator, which would place all necessary OS only on one side of the frame of the screen and would provide simplicity and efficiency of operation, in particular, helped to adjust the individual digits of the numerical value of the parameter. The solution to this problem will allow to exclude framed on three sides of the screen, thereby to reduce the dimensions of the front portion of the indicator, to reduce the overall dimensions and weight of the indicator. The reduction in size and weight is always an important task for the aircraft, and reducing the size of the front will facilitate the installation of such lights on the dashboard in the cockpit.The second task is to eliminate the overlapping of the screen by the hand of the pilot when manipulating controls on the front panel of the indicator. The solution to this problem will provide the convenience and accuracy of management MFIs to improve the safety of flight.Multifunctional ind the e, associated with the information currently on the MFD is missing, it is important that the pilot had immediate access to the appropriate image format. Provision of such opportunities is the third object of the present invention.While writing, the setting, the pilot is distracted from the management of LA and the longer time it takes this procedure, the greater the risk of dangerous situations, it is therefore desirable to reduce the time input to a minimum. At the same time, the setting boils down to enter any default values, such as barometric pressure is often set equal to the normal 760 mm RT.art., and the amount of fuel on Board is equal to the full capacity of the tanks. More often require only minor adjustments to this value. Therefore, a fourth object of the present invention is to accelerate the set parameter values and reducing the number of possible error by calling the standard values can be adjusted, if necessary. The technical result is expressed in reduction in size and weight of the indicator, the improvement of facilities management indicator, enhancing the safety of flight.The control device of nonformal, distributed in accordance with the appointment of image formats, each of which can be separately invoked on the screen; located on the bezel regulators brightness, and controls that are used to call on the screen of image formats, modification caused the image in terms of composition and presentation of information for the digital reference values of the parameters; control means receiving signals from controls, and forming control signals display devices. Display means have the ability to output on the display screen of the list of image formats, the list of parameters indicating the current values of these parameters, and virtual buttons representing cosmetic buttons and located two rows of horizontal and vertical along the sides of the screen, each of these virtual buttons can be turned on or off, and also, independently, can be in active or passive state and has visible signs enabled and active States.Controls performed in the form of four multi-position switch is secured to rotate clockwise and counterclockwise, and:the first switch is for the call on the screen of image formats by turning its handle, and image formats and set the order entry screen for each single turn of the handle of the first switch in one direction on the screen is called the successive image format, turning the knob to the first switch in the other direction - the previous order, the image format, the screen will display the list of image formats, and the current image format in this list has visible signs that distinguish it from other formats;the second switch selects the specified parameter by turning its handle, and settings set the order of selection and at every single turn of the handle of the second switch in one direction selects the next order parameter, when the rotation of the handle of the second switch in the other direction - the previous order parameter, the screen displays a list of options, and is selected in this list has visible signs that distinguish it from other parameters;the third and fourth switches are used to set the numeric value of the parameter selected with the help of Deuteronomy is, the ay turning their handles, the third switch includes a built-in button, triggered by pressing on the end of the handle, and:during the job numeric parameter values of the fourth switch is used to select the digit of the number, and the third switch to change the numbers in the selected discharge, at every single turn of the handle of the fourth switch clockwise or counterclockwise to select the next or previous digit of the number, and the selected discharge has visible signs that it is selected, each time a single switching hands of the third switch clockwise or counterclockwise digit in the selected discharge, respectively, increases or decreases by one as a sign of the end of the set the parameter value is the signal from the built-in button of the switch;- since the end of the job parameter values until the next change in the position of the second switch, the third and fourth switches are provided for modifying the format of the image, and one of them is used to select the virtual buttons in a horizontal row of the virtual buttons, and the other for selecting the virtual button is in the corresponding row of the virtual buttons and at every single turn of the handle switch in one side of the active becomes the next in order of the virtual button in the row of buttons turning the knob to switch to the other side - the previous order of the virtual button, and the built-in button of the third switch is used to command controls on the display of the modified image format, which is due to changes in the status of the active virtual buttons, and if this virtual button was enabled, at the time of triggering the built-in button of the third switch active virtual button is transferred to the off state, and if it was in the off state, then transferred to an on state.In Fig.1 shows a view of the front part of the IFIs.In Fig.2, 3 shows the list of image formats.In Fig.4 shows a view of the virtual buttons.In Fig.5 shows a functional diagram of the control device of MFIs.The front part of the MFI (Fig.1) the screen contains 1, near the screen on one side of the frame 2 are handle brightness control 3 (“BRIGHT”) and controls, designed with four power switches:the first multi-position switch (FORMAT) with knob 4 to select the image format and with built-in button 5;second many of thethe third and fourth power switches (“EDIT”), which handles 8 and 9 are aligned, and the handle 8 refers to the fourth switch, and the handle 9 to the third, the third switch has a built-in button 10.Handle brightness control has a traditional design and is used to set the brightness of the characters and background brightness (contrast).Multi-position switches (WFP) have the same structure, the handle multi-position switch is used for switching and can rotate clockwise and counterclockwise, and move the handle in both directions discretely, but without emphasis. Built-in button is activated by pressing on the end of the handle.All handles are located on one side of the screen, with the side of the screen is selected depending on the location of the indicator on the dashboard so that during manipulation of the controls by the pilot not obscured his hand screen indicator.On the display screen along with the image format you can display graphic images that are used to manage IFIs:menu formats 11,the options menu 12,the vertical range of vertabrate handle the first CMP 4. The formats are invoked in a specific order, each time the switch handle 4 display format of the image is replaced by the following in order. For visual control is used the format menu 11, which is displayed on the screen when you first turn of the handle 4, preferably next to her, and removed from the screen after choosing the format. Menu view formats for two consecutive positions of the handle shown in Fig.2 and Fig.3. Menu (Fig.2) contains a list of image formats 15 in the frame 16, and the name of the current format 17 is indicated opposite the handle 4. Turning the knob clockwise causes the displacement of the list upwards and counterclockwise rotation down. Every single turn of the handle the list of formats is moved one position. It is located in the window so that in the middle was indesirables the name of the current image format 17. The list item, which is located opposite the handle 4 and showing the name of the current image format, framed 18 and color. The list is indicated by the type drum counter: when you move the list up the top position goes to the end of the list (Fig.3) and when you move the list down to the lowest position moves to the beginning of the list.Menu form the last switch, and then automatically removed from the screen, freeing up space for other information indicated in the composition of the image format.Also provides automatic call format. If an event occurs that is associated with a dangerous situation, you must notify the pilot, and the image format that contains this information is not currently displayed on the screen, the screen near the handle 4 (in place of the format menu) appears in the title of this format. Pressing the button 5 this format is immediately displayed on the screen. This is achieved by simultaneously two objectives: the pilot receives the alarm about the dangerous situation and does not lose time searching for the desired image format.For the modification caused the image format used by virtual buttons. Virtual button is an image on the screen, the virtual buttons is given in its field in the form of text and/or icons. Virtual buttons are horizontal strip 14 along the bottom edge of the screen. If this is not sufficient, additional virtual buttons are vertical strip 13 along the edge of the screen. The virtual buttons displayed is determined by the image format is opca can be in two States - on and off, it has a visible sign of its on or off state. View virtual buttons illustrated in Fig.4. Each button is represented as frame 19 within which is contained the name 20 and the button symbol in the form of a ring 21 or circle 22. When two or more buttons form an alternative group (list), which when turned on one of the buttons in this group the rest should shut down, they lie in a common frame 23. A button symbol has the form of a ring 21, when the button is in the off state, or filled circle 22 when the button is in the on state. In addition, one of the buttons on the screen are always allocated among the other mark of a certain type. Marked button is active, each time the button state is changed from on to off or Vice versa can be made only for this button. Preferably, the mark is made by changing the color of the label and the button background (24).During rotation of the handle 9 of the third CMP clockwise mark 24 emitting active button skips to the horizontal bar of the virtual buttons from left to right from one button to another, after the last button again noted pervasi the first button is celebrated on the last button.During rotation of the handle 8 of the fourth CMP clockwise stamp emitting active button jumps in the vertical strip virtual buttons from the bottom up from one button to another, and after the top button again celebrated the bottom. When you rotate the knob counterclockwise mark jumps down from one button to another, after the bottom buttons marked the top button.Pressing the button 10 of the third CMP triggered the virtual button, which at this point is highlighted by the mark, if this virtual button was in the off state, it is enabled, and if enabled, it is turned off.To select the assigned parameter used by the second CMP and menu options 12 containing a list of values of the parameters. View menu options such as those described above menu formats. The options menu is displayed on the screen, but not constantly on call: when he is not on the screen, it is displayed when you first turn of the handle 6, preferably next to her and removed from the screen after completion of the input parameter. Turning the handle 6 in a clockwise direction causes movement of the list up, and turning the knob counterclockwise causes the displacement of the list down. Every edinica and its default value (if the value was not specified - a value of zero). Changing the value of the parameter is performed using the third and fourth WFP, who, since the display menu settings and to remove it from the screen and cease to operate the virtual buttons. The handle 8 of the fourth CMP allows you to choose a variable digit number, a digit in that position is highlighted or otherwise (size, underlined, etc.), and the handle 9 of the third CMP increases or decreases the number in the selected category. Enter the set value is made by pressing the button 10 of the third CMP, after which the procedure input parameter is considered complete and the options menu is removed from the screen, and the third and fourth CMP return control of the virtual buttons.To facilitate and accelerate the set of the values of the second CMP contains a built-in button 7. When the screen displays the menu options, pressing the butt of the handle 6 is activated, the button 7 and the frame instead of the value that there was indesirables displays the standard for this parameter value, for example, atmospheric pressure is the number “760” (mm RT.cent.). Next steps with the default value are the same as with any other value: it can be directly entered by pressing the button 10 or predators.com of the present invention, even during adjustment of the parameters is still possible to cause the desired image as a call image formats produced a single knob 4.Functional diagram of the device management MFIs shown in Fig.5.Build the image on the MFD 25 controls the character generator 26. Character generator includes means for displaying information on the screen IFIs, including the processor, the memory containing program build image formats, the device issuing control signals to the display and the input device, receipt of information from systems LA and writes them to the buffer memory. Processor through the output device generates control signals in MFIs, providing building the desired image format, the variables of the format (the arrows on the scales, digital counters parameter values, etc.,) they are built in accordance with the values of signals and parameters, which are obtained from onboard systems LA and recorded by the input device into the buffer memory. Character generator constructively can be made as a separate unit or may be part of the block MFIs.Character generator is part of the device upravlinnyavodnih switches, accordingly, 4, 6, 8, 9, reversible counters 31, 32, 33, 34, the processor 35, an input device 36, the receiving information from the vehicle alarm system 37, and the output device 38, which serves to transfer control commands in the character generator 26. Counters and device I / o is connected to the processor bus 39.The processor 35 includes a microprocessor, RAM and program memory, which stores programs of his work. In accordance with these programs and the current situation, the processor outputs through the output unit 38 in the character generator 26 the following control information: what image format and with what modifications should be shown on the screen MFIs; should be shown on the menu screen formats, and if it should, what position should be shown on the screen, the designation of the image format that the pilot should call on the screen, and if it should, what format; should be shown on the screen options menu, and if it has, then in what position, what are the values of the parameters where indicated by the marker showing the adjustable discharge; any of the virtual buttons should be marked as active.The sensor 27 to determine whether the position change D photodetector, between which rotates mounted on the axis of the switch ROM code mask. At every single turn of the handle switch sensor 27 outputs a signal to increase or decrease the value in the reversible counter 31, which, respectively, increases or decreases by one typed up to this point value.The CPU 35 checks the state of the counter 31 and compares it with a stored previous value. Detecting the change, the processor determines which image format should be displayed on the screen by using the output device 38 sends in character generator 26 command to display the desired image format and display the format menu in the modified position. If within a specified time, for example one second, the new changes of position of the first switch is not locked, the processor sends the generator of symbols command to remove the format menu from the screen.The processor 35 also constantly monitors new information in the input device 36. Discover new alarm or warning signal from the vehicle alarm system 37, the processor determines in which format the image is displayed information associated with the arising sawazaki no, the processor sends in character generator 26 command to display the designation of the desired image format. Character generator executes the command, thus indicating in the space provided appropriate inscription or symbol. For example, upon receipt of the signal from meterdiameter about the appearance of dangerous meteorological formations in the course of the flight, the processor determines that contains data meterdiameter the image is not displayed, and outputs a signal to the character generator, which highlights on the field of the screen next to the handle 4 of the first switch inscription “METEO”. The processor receives the signal from the built-in first CMP button 5. The processor monitors the state of the button 5, and if it detects it is pressed, it sends in the character generator 26 command to display the desired image format.Modification of image format as follows. The sensors 29 and 30 are following, respectively, the position of the handles 8 and 9 of the fourth and third CMP. The signals from the sensors 29, 30 are received in the reversible counters 33, 34. As in the previous case, the controller 35 monitors the contents of the counters, when you change any of these defines a virtual button on the screen should be highlighted in this event and obnaruzhiv button, the processor determines what action to modify the format of the image is performed by the active virtual button (that is, which at this point is highlighted on the screen by mark) and sends the generator of symbols corresponding commands for changing the display format of the image and status of the active virtual buttons on the opposite.Similarly adjusts values of the parameters. Detecting a change in the reversible counter 32, caused by the signal sensor 28 that detects the change in position of the handle 6 of the second CMP, the processor sends the generator of symbols command to show the options menu. Subsequent changes in the reversible counter 32, the processor determines which option is now selected and is sent to character generator commands to display the options menu in the modified position. As soon as the counters 33, 34, changes, indicating a change of position of the handles 8, 9 the third and fourth switches, the processor determines the category of the selected parameter is adjusted and in what direction, and then is sent to character generator commands change the value of the selected parameter or change the position of the marker showing processor completes the adjustment mode: replaces stored in its memory the previous value new sends character generator command to remove the screen from the options menu. From this point of changing the position of the third and fourth CMP newly interpreted by the processor as applied to the modification of the image format.If, during adjustment of the parameter value, the processor detects the signal from the built-in second CMP buttons 7, it replaces the corrected value specified for this parameter, the default value, then the process of entering or adjusting this value can be produced as described above.SOURCES of INFORMATION1. “Helicopter”.-2001. No. 4. - S. 14-21.2. U.S. patent No. 4310839.3. U.S. patent No. 5703774.4. U.S. patent No. 4381493.5. U.S. patent No. 4185281.6. GNS 430 pilot's guide and reference. Part No.190-00140-00 Rev. F.- The Garmin.-2000. - 202c.7. U.S. patent No. 6128553.
Claims1. The control unit multifunction display, containing display means on the display screen with graphical and textual information, distributed in accordance with the appointment of image formats, each of which can be separately invoked on the screen, located on the bezel regulators image brightness and organoborate in terms of composition and presentation of information to specify the numerical values of the parameters, and control means receiving signals from controls, and forming control signals display devices, wherein the display means have the ability to output on the display screen of the list of image formats, the list of parameters indicating the current values of these parameters and the virtual buttons representing cosmetic buttons and located two rows of horizontal and vertical along the sides of the screen, each of these virtual buttons can be enabled or disabled state, and regardless of this can be in active or passive state and has visible signs enabled and active States, and the controls performed in the form of four multi-position switches located along one side of the screen, each of which has a rotating handle, able to indefinitely rotated clockwise and counterclockwise, and the first switch is for the call on the screen of image formats by turning its handle, and image formats and set the order entry screen and every single PoE, turning the knob to the first switch in the other direction - the previous order, the image format, the screen will display the list of image formats, and the current image format in this list has visible signs that distinguish it from other formats, the second switch selects the specified parameter by turning its handle, and settings set the order of selection and at every single turn of the handle of the second switch in one direction selects the next order parameter, when the rotation of the handle of the second switch in the other direction - the previous order parameter, the screen displays a list of options, moreover, the selected option in the list has visible signs that distinguish it among other parameters, the third and fourth switches are used to set the numeric value of the parameter selected by the second switch, and to modify the format of the image displayed currently on the display screen, by turning their handles, the third switch includes a built-in button, triggered by pressing on the end of the handle, and when the job is numeric parameter values of the fourth switch is the Ohm turning the handle of the fourth switch clockwise or counterclockwise is chosen accordingly to the next or previous digit of the number, moreover, on the screen of the selected category has visible signs that it is selected, each time a single switching hands of the third switch clockwise or counterclockwise digit in the selected discharge increases or decreases by one, and the sign of the end of the set the parameter value is the signal from the built-in button of the switch and at the end of the job parameter values until the next change in the position of the second switch, the third and fourth switches are provided for modifying the format of the image, and one of them is used to select the virtual buttons in a horizontal row of the virtual buttons, and the other to select the virtual buttons in a vertical row of virtual buttons, turning the knob to switch the active one of the buttons in the corresponding row of the virtual buttons and at every single turn of the handle switch in one side of the active becomes the next in order of the virtual button in the row of buttons, turning the knob to switch to the other side - the previous order of the virtual button, and the built-in button of the third switch is used to command controls on fiktivnoe virtual buttons, moreover, if this virtual button was enabled, at the time of triggering the built-in button of the third switch active virtual button is transferred to the off state, and if it was in the off state, then transferred to an on state.2. The control unit multifunction indicator on p. 1, characterized in that the handle of the third and fourth switches are installed coaxially, and the handle of the fourth switch has a larger diameter and is located near the surface of the front panel of the indicator, and the handle of the third switch has a smaller diameter and located at the end of the handle of the fourth switch.3. The control unit multifunction indicator on p. 1, characterized in that the list of image formats and a list of parameters is made in the form of vertically menu, and when you move the list up the top position goes to the end of the list, moving list down the bottom position moves to the beginning of the list and the selected list item is located along the horizontal symmetry axis of the handle, respectively, the first and second switches.4. The control unit multiple is camping on the screen after the first switching controlling respectively the first or second multi-position switch and is automatically removed from the screen after the termination switch.5. The control unit multifunction indicator on p. 1, characterized in that the control means are able to analyze incoming information in order to identify dangerous situations, and when it detects a dangerous situation to determine is displayed on the screen associated with this image format, and if the requested format is not displayed, issue the display devices command to display the alarm about the need to display the desired image format, and the first switch is integrated button, triggered by pressing on the end of the handle and designed to signal controls on issuance on the display screen of the desired image format, control means for receiving a signal from the button when it is triggered, have the ability to issue the command display devices, which in response to this command display the desired image format, containing information about a dangerous situation.6. The control unit multifunction indicator on p. 1, characterized in that the second switch is integrated button that fires when clicking on the butt of the handle of this switch and designed for hearth is the list of parameters to default value and control means for receiving a signal from the button when it is triggered, have the ability to issue the command display devices, which in response to this command replaces the displayed current value of the selected parameter to its default value.
FIELD: aviation; single-rotor helicopters.
SUBSTANCE: proposed helicopter has fuselage with main rotor, tail and end booms and steering rotor; tail boom narrows from rear compartment of fuselage towards end boom; external outlines of cross-sections of end boom have shape of aerodynamic profile forming moment of force counter-acting to reaction torque of main rotor under action of velocity head of air during horizontal flight. Secured on side of tail boom is profiled deflector with aerodynamic outer surface; nose of this deflector is located at level of separation of induction flow of air created by rotation of main rotor from lateral surface of tail boom; inner surface of deflector embraces lower part of lateral surface of tail boom forming air passage narrowing under tail boom with longitudinal slit for discharge of reaction jet of air in way opposite to motion of main rotor above tail boom. Deflector is secured on tail boom at distance equal to 0.65-0.85 of radius of rotation of main rotor blade.
EFFECT: enhanced controllability of single-rotor helicopter equipped with steering rotor in yawing under conditions of critical density of air and increased flying altitudes.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: aeronautical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device includes main inflatable envelopes and at least one additional inflatable envelope; each inflatable envelope is provided with unit for adjustable formation of gas, container with units for securing on object to be rescued, parachute or system of parachutes and system for control of pressure inside main inflatable envelopes. Parachute or system of parachutes is connected with main inflatable envelopes which are located over perimeter of parachute gore and are connected with it by means of flexible couplings.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability and accuracy of landing.
10 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: aeronautical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to aeronautical engineering. The methods of creating lift, taking off, flying and landing feature separation of air flow designed to produce opposite parts of jet thrust of blowing over the carrier surfaces. The aircraft comprises fuselage, power plant, air flow intake assembly and wing leading-edge air flow distributor. Fuselage includes the system of lines feeding air flow from the turbojet engine compressor to the aforesaid wing leading-edge air flow distributor. The wing comprises leading-edge air flow distributor. In compliance with the other version the wing outer surface has slots communicating, via appropriate ducts, with the air intake slows. The methods of flight control, taking off, flying and landing comprise using the system of control of aerostatic lift. The aircraft control system comprises a subsystem designed to control aerodynamic lift and that to control aerostatic lift. Thrust reverse incorporates the system controlling flaps and grids intended for separation the jet thrust into parts. The thrust reverse operating technique features using the aforesaid system of controlling flaps and grids. Three-leg landing gear comprises low-pressure tires. Gas separation and distribution system comprises pipelines communicating with the air intake receiver.
EFFECT: reduced dependence of flight upon weather conditions.
43 cl, 27 dwg
SUBSTANCE: version of every hybrid aircraft consists of fuselage, turboprop and wings. First version incorporates bearing devices arranged on both sides of fuselage and consisting of aircraft transverse wing root with engine fan ahead of front edge at fuselage nose and wings arranged there behind, several wings at top or bottom side, along fuselage. Second version incorporates top and bottom pairs of cantilever straight wings with spacing between pairs for gas-air flow from engine nozzles. Turboprop et engine incorporates shaped confuser and diffuser sections of propfan ring inner surface. Wing versions feature availability of bearing section and airfoil section. Methods comprises using said aircraft and engine.
EFFECT: higher safety, lower costs.
13 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles for moving in air and over road surface. Method of lifting force generation for cargo lifting and transfer in air includes using two main disks at two sides of transport body with possibility of vertical turn by means of turning mechanism. Over the main disks, helical sequences of ribs of one orientation are placed to create decreased pressure above their surfaces by rotating them by means of additional disk of drive which is made with gearset. Turning mechanism is made with linear drive and with two parallel cylindrical guides functionally associated with bushings of longitudinal movement which are mounted on diametrically opposite sides of limit washer and connected with linear drive. On the limit washer, several pairs of limit rollers are rotatably fixed. Between rollers of each pair, internal flat-topped reinforcement rib with scalloped surface of land moving wheel is installed which surface is linked with drive gearset.
EFFECT: minimisation of overall dimensions.
3 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to development of lift in air. Development of lift for displacement of cargo in air comprises arrangement of two main discs of carrier two sides for vertical turn thereabout. Spiral-like sets of unidirectional ribs are arranged above every said disc to develop decreased pressure by spinning of extra disc. There is the hole to locate and fix the drive at turning device for spinning of extra disc. Stiffness plate is secured at turning device and aligned with main disc. Gearing is fixed at said plate to engage with drive reduction gear, as well as several pairs of limiting rollers. Internal U-like stiffness rib is arranged between limiting rollers of every pair and feature toothed surface of the wheel for motion of the ground. Gearing is engaged with toothed surface of U-like stiffness rib of said wheel.
EFFECT: decreased overall dimensions.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aerostatics. Control over airship including airframe, tail unit, nacelle with payload and onboard systems and differs in that airship required stability and controllability at takeoff, flight and landing result from application of gyro rotor with controlled vector of the full aerodynamic force. Gyro rotor (1) can incline relative to lengthwise and crosswise directions with separate sustainer power plants that perform their traction functions irrespective gyro rotor.
EFFECT: simplified control.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering, particularly, to aircraft control systems. Proposed method relates to control over aircraft (1) with airfoil spinning at high rpm. Said aircraft comprises fuselage (2) at least one rotor (3), at least one pull variable pitch propeller (4) and at least two half-wings (11, 11′) located on both sides of fuselage (2). Besides, it includes, at least one horizontal tail (20) provided with moving surface (21, 21′) and at least one power plant (2) to drive said rotor (3) and every pull propeller (4). Proposed method comprises determination of total lift of aircraft, adjustment of lift of every half-wing (11, 11') by acting at the drive of flaps (12) so that said lift equal the first preset percentage of total lift. Note here that difference in lift between half-wings (11, 11′) allows to compensate for rotor (3) influence on said half-wings.
EFFECT: automatic stabilisation of hybrid copper position.
18 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of improvement of safety of aircraft flight in case of engine failure operating at the moment of failure in maximum or augmented mode and located on the same wing plane for which the aircraft has an increasing heel angle, is based on the use of aerodynamic surfaces. Roving and list moments occurred as a result of engine failure are effected by additionally controlled surfaces located on the left and right wing consoles, lateral surfaces of the hull which being deflected change the layout of flowing of each wing console, of the hull resulting in elimination of the list and roving moments. It is achieved by change of curvature of the profile of the wing console with the failed engine, resulting in increase of its carrying power and decrease of the list moment, decrease of the angle of attack by deflection of consoles of the stabiliser, and resulting in decrease of the carrying power of the left and right wing plane and consequently, the list moment as well.
EFFECT: higher flight safety.