Device for heating and/or cooling (options)

 

The invention relates to a heating and/or cooling buildings, such as residential or office space. Device for heating and/or cooling means comprises means for supplying a coolant and/or coolant from an external source, the first declared - a set of unified design elements, each of which is formed by at least one through duct for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium, which can be used water, antifreeze, etc., Part of unified design elements made with through channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium 90and part of unified design elements made with through channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium at an angle of 180. All standardized structural elements provided with means for pressure-tight connection with each other (not shown), and their size and dimensions, the cross-sectional shape and the location of the input and output holes through the duct chosen so that dock in the form of owls is all ducts communicated with each other to form a sealed path for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium, supplied from an external source (not shown). Device in a second claimed embodiment, contains a set of structural elements, which are made with through-channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium in accordance with the desired character of the distribution of the temperature field in a heated and/or cooled space. All structural elements provided with means for pressure-tight connection with each other, and their size and dimensions, the cross-sectional shape and the location of the input and output holes through the duct chosen so that dock in the form of a set of structural elements is a plate of a given shape, the body which all ducts communicated with each other with formation of a sealed circuit with a predetermined trajectory of the complex form for the circulation of the coolant and/or coolant. The device stated in the third embodiment contains two structural element, each of which in the manufacture of formed symmetrically arranged recesses, while the structural elements are provided with means for pressure-tight connection with each other, and their sizes, as well as the size, shape cross siewnik elements is a plate, in the body which is symmetrical grooves communicated with each other with formation of a sealed circuit with a predetermined trajectory of the complex form for the circulation of the coolant and/or coolant. Using the stated solution compared with all known means of similar purpose enhancing the comfort of the room by providing reliable and efficient heating or cooling of any shape and with any a-priori distribution of the temperature field in the area. The claimed device allows to reduce the thickness of the screed construction compared to pipe the scheme of installation of systems of a heat-insulated floor, simplifies and reduces the labor costs for installation and reduces the cost of the whole system. 3 N. and 17 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention relates to a heating and/or cooling buildings, such as residential or office space.

For the assessment of novelty and technical level of the claimed solution consider a number known to the applicant of technical means for a similar purpose, which is characterized by a set similar to the claimed invention of the signs.

A device for heating the walls of the monolith exposes from the concreted section of wall with the formation of the closed bottom of the cavities between the panels and the wall and served in the formed cavity coolant (see RF patent №2052610, E 04 G 11/20). This device is used for the heat treatment of the walls during construction.

A device for heating or cooling liquid or gaseous media, representing a plate heat exchanger, which includes a housing and a package of pairs connected to each other at peripheral edges and tied down pressure plates, corrugated plates with holes for inlet and outlet of the same fluid, forming a distributing and collecting receiver, and flute pair plates set at an angle to the frontal plane, intersect and form channels, some of the channels having a minimum length, muffled by the input and output at the collector of continuous or discrete flanging width equal to 1-3 heights of the corrugations, and the length component of 20-80% the length of the perimeter of the corresponding reservoir, and preventing the flow of coolant in the reservoir, while the other fluid is fed into the housing and over the heat transfer occurs according to the scheme countercurrent with two cross-exact areas in the area of distributing and collecting manifolds (see RF patent №2181186, F 28 D 3/00).

This device is aimed at improving the efficiency of heat exchange by slimming the productivity while simplifying the technology.

A device for heating and/or cooling buildings, such as residential and office, with the help of pipes passing them in the coolant or cooling medium, which is arranged in heat-conducting layer, for example, of hardened hydraulic binders, which is connected with the bearing plate of poorly conductive heat of the material, in order to obtain a uniform temperature distribution and saving of metal is provided that the carrier plate facing the indoor side to maintain a uniform temperature has a profile which in cross section has a wave-like form, i.e. has projections and depressions, passing each other under a flat angle, and pipe on the section of the depressions of the carrier plate, arranged in heat-conductive layer, pass with clearance from the edge and bottom of the trench (see RF patent №2178122, F 24 D 3/14).

By the greatest number of similar features and achieved when using the result of this technical solution is chosen as the prototype of the first independent object of the claimed invention.

In the prototype is an attempt to create a uniform distribution of heat and the surface temperature, however, this is achieved through constructive and technologies manufacture, the installation and operation of devices that provide efficient heating and/or cooling.

The essence of the first independent object of the invention is expressed in the following essential features sufficient to achieve the above provided by the invention a technical result.

The claimed device for heating and/or cooling of the space, including means for supplying a coolant and/or coolant from an external source, characterized by the fact that the means for supplying a coolant and/or cooling medium is made in the form of a set of unified design elements, each of which is formed by at least one through duct for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium, with the unified design elements are made with through-channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium 90and part of unified design elements made with through channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium at an angle of 180and all of uniform con the measures the cross-sectional shape and the location of the input and output holes through the duct chosen so that dock in the form of a set of unified design elements is a plate of a given shape, the body which all ducts communicated with each other to form a sealed path for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium.

This is a set of essential features of the first independent object of the invention providing technical result in all cases to which the requested amount of legal protection.

In addition, the first independent object of the invention is the optional features that characterize its special cases, the specific form of its material embodiment, namely:

- structural elements provided with cavities filled with a heat accumulating and/or cold environment;

- ducts made with a variable cross-section,

a layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with the inclusion of material with high thermal conductivity;

- the surface layer of structural elements with store the active elements from the side, opposite the heated and/or cooled room is equipped with insulating layers;

- in case of vertical arrangement of structural elements of the device is provided with vozduhoohladiteli.

A device for heating and/or cooling buildings, such as residential and office, with the help of pipes passing them in the coolant or cooling medium, which is arranged in heat-conducting layer, for example, of hardened hydraulic binders, which is connected with the bearing plate of poorly conductive heat of the material, in order to obtain a uniform temperature distribution and economy of metal, provided that the carrier plate facing the indoor side to maintain a uniform temperature has a profile which in cross section has a wave-like form, i.e. has projections and depressions, passing each other under a flat angle, and pipe on the section of the depressions of the carrier plate, arranged in heat-conductive layer, pass with clearance from the edge and bottom of the trench (see RF patent №2178122, F 24 D 3/14).

By the greatest number of similar features and achieved when using the result of this technical solution is chosen as the prototype of the second Nezavisimoye and surface temperature, however, this is achieved through design and technological sophistication of the device, which reduces its effectiveness.

The invention solves the problem of creating a simple in manufacture, installation and operation of devices that provide efficient heating and/or cooling.

The essence of the second independent object of the invention is expressed in the following essential features sufficient to achieve the above provided by the invention a technical result.

The claimed device for heating and/or cooling of the space, including means for supplying a coolant and/or coolant from an external source, characterized by the fact that the means for supplying a coolant and/or cooling medium is made in the form of a set of structural elements, each of which is formed by at least one through duct for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium, while the structural elements are made with through-channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium in accordance with the desired character of the distribution of the temperature field in a heated and/or cooled poma dimensions, as well as the size and shape of the cross section and the location of the input and output holes through the duct chosen so that dock in the form of a set of structural elements is a plate of a given shape, the body which all ducts communicated with each other with formation of a sealed circuit with a predetermined trajectory of the complex form for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium.

This is a set of essential features of the second independent object of the invention providing technical result in all cases to which the requested amount of legal protection.

In addition, a second independent object of the invention is the optional features that characterize its special cases, the specific form of its material embodiment, namely:

- structural elements provided with cavities filled with a heat accumulating and/or cold environment;

- ducts made with a variable cross-section;

a layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with the inclusion of material with high thermal conductivity;

- surface is accomplished with high prochnosti

- structural elements on the side opposite the heated and/or cooled room is equipped with insulating layers;

- in case of vertical arrangement of structural elements of the device is provided with vozduhoohladiteli.

A device for heating and/or cooling buildings, such as residential and office, with the help of pipes passing them in the coolant or cooling medium, which is arranged in heat-conducting layer, for example, of hardened hydraulic binders, which is connected with the bearing plate of poorly conductive heat of the material, in order to obtain a uniform temperature distribution and saving of metal is provided that the carrier plate facing the indoor side to maintain a uniform temperature has a profile which in cross section has a wave-like form, i.e. has projections and depressions, passing each other under a flat angle, and pipe on the section of the depressions of the carrier plate, arranged in heat-conductive layer, pass with clearance from the edge and bottom of the trench (see RF patent №2178122, F 24 D 3/14).

By the greatest number of similar features and achieved when using the result of this technical solution is selected in the create a uniform distribution of heat and the surface temperature, however, this is achieved through design and technological sophistication of the device, which reduces its effectiveness.

The invention solves the problem of creating a simple in manufacture, installation and operation of devices that provide efficient heating and/or cooling.

The third entity independent of the object of the invention is expressed in the following essential features sufficient to achieve the above provided by the invention a technical result.

The claimed device for heating and/or cooling of the space, including means for supplying a coolant and/or coolant from an external source, characterized by the fact that the means for supplying a coolant and/or cooling medium is made in the form of two structural elements, each of which in the manufacture of formed symmetrically arranged recesses, while the structural elements are provided with means for pressure-tight connection with each other, and their size and dimensions, the cross-sectional shape and location of the inlet and outlet openings of the grooves are selected so that dock in the form of two positive elements is a plate, in Noah trajectory of complex shape for circulation of the heat carrier and/or the cooling medium.

This is a set of essential features independent third object of the invention providing technical result in all cases to which the requested amount of legal protection.

In addition, independent third object of the invention is the optional features that characterize its special cases, the specific form of its material embodiment, namely:

- structural elements provided with cavities filled with a heat accumulating and/or cold environment;

a layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with the inclusion of material with high thermal conductivity;

- the surface layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with high strength;

- structural elements on the side opposite the heated and/or cooled room is equipped with insulating layers;

- in case of vertical arrangement of structural elements of the device is provided with vozduhoohladiteli.

The applicant has not identified the sources containing information on technical restitu of the claimed invention, that allows to make a conclusion about its compliance with the criterion of "novelty",

Direct technical result that can be obtained by implementation of the selected sets of signs, is that coupled with each other constructive elements form a single body in which is formed a sealed circuit with predetermined trajectory of any complex shape for circulation of the heat carrier and/or the cooling medium that allows you to create any shape of room required and most comfortable distribution of the temperature field.

Individual distinguishing features of the claimed invention (ducts, tight contours, grooves) are known from the prior art, however, applicant is not aware of any publication that would contain information about the impact of these distinctive features of invention achieved by the invention of the technical result. In this regard, according to the applicant, it is possible to draw a conclusion on the conformity of the proposed technical solution the criterion of "inventive step".

In Fig.1 presents a cross-section on the constructive element with two channels of Fig.2 - section a-a in Fig.1; Fig.3 is a top view of a plate formed by the combination of Saltykova the brine and/or cooling medium, shown by the solid line of Fig.4 is a top view of a plate formed by a set of coupled structural elements, through the duct which is formed a sealed circuit with a predetermined trajectory of the complex form for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium, and Fig.5 is a top view of a plate formed of two stacked with each other constructive elements of the grooves which is formed a sealed circuit with a predetermined trajectory of the complex form for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium.

Device for heating and/or cooling of the premises stated in the first embodiment, includes a set of unified design elements 1, each of which is formed by at least one through duct 2 to circulate the coolant and/or cooling medium, which can be used water, antifreeze, etc., Part of unified design elements 3 are made through channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium 90and part of unified design elements 4 are made through channels, changing the direction of movement of th the coefficients 1, 3 and 4 is equipped with means for pressure-tight connection with each other (not shown), and their size and dimensions, the cross-sectional shape and the location of the input and output holes through the duct 2 are chosen so that dock in the form of a set of unified design elements 1,3 and 4 is a plate of a given shape, the body of which all the ducts 2 are communicated with each other with formation of a sealed circuit for circulation of the heat carrier and/or the cooling medium supplied from an external source (not shown).

Device in a second claimed embodiment, contains a set of structural elements 5, which are made with through-channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium in accordance with the desired character of the distribution of the temperature field in a heated and/or cooled space. All structural elements 5 provided with means for pressure-tight connection with each other, and their size and dimensions, the cross-sectional shape and the location of the input and output holes through the duct chosen so that dock in the form of a set of structural elements is a plate of a given shape, the body which all ducts communicated with each other to form a sealed path for the in the third claimed embodiment contains two structural element 6, in each of them in the manufacture of formed symmetrically arranged recesses, thus constructive elements 6 provided with means for pressure-tight connection with each other, and their size and dimensions, the cross-sectional shape and location of the inlet and outlet openings of the grooves are selected so that in the dock as two structural element 6 represent the stove, in a body which is symmetrical grooves communicated with each other with formation of a sealed circuit with a predetermined trajectory of the complex form for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium.

Structural elements 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6 can be provided with a cavity 7 is filled with a heat retaining and/or cold environment, which can be used, for example, water, stone dust, etc., Channel 2 can be performed with a variable cross-section. Layer 8 structural elements 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6 on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, maybe with the inclusion of material with high thermal conductivity or made with high durability. Structural elements 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6 on the side opposite the heated and/or cooled to the room can be equipped with teploizol the woman by vozduhoohladiteli (not shown).

The device is used as follows.

In a device made according to one of the stated options and placed in the floor or in the wall, from the source serves as a coolant and/or the cooling fluid, which circulates through a sealed circuit and heats or cool the room. Accumulating heat and/or cold environment in the cavities 7 allows you to align the temperature field and to deliver fluid and/or cooling medium in a periodic mode. The insulating layer 9 reduces heat loss in the room. The surface layer 8 of the structural elements 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6 are reinforced with metal reinforcement, periodic sealing material structure, and also performed with the inclusion of material with high thermal conductivity, such as metal shavings, dust, etc., that increases thermal conductivity of the plate.

The industrial applicability of the claimed technical solution in the embodiments, no doubt, so it can be implemented using known technologies and technical means (forming structural elements with channels or grooves, coolants, insulators, etc.,).

Using the stated re the security of the premises by providing reliable and efficient heating or cooling of any shape and with any a-priori distribution of the temperature field in the area. The claimed device allows to reduce the thickness of the screed construction compared to pipe the scheme of installation of systems of a heat-insulated floor, simplifies and reduces the labor costs for installation and reduces the cost of the whole system.

Claims

1. Device for heating and/or cooling of the space, including means for supplying a coolant and/or coolant from an external source, characterized in that the means for supplying a coolant and/or cooling medium is made in the form of a set of unified design elements, each of which is formed by at least one through duct for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium, with the unified design elements are made with through-channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium 90and part of unified design elements made with through channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium at an angle of 180and all of unified design elements provided with means for pressure-tight connection with each other the knowledge duct chosen that dock in the form of a set of unified design elements is a plate in the body which all ducts communicated with each other to form a sealed path for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the structural elements are provided with cavities filled with a heat accumulating and/or cold environment.

3. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that the ducts are made with a variable cross-section.

4. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with the inclusion of material with high thermal conductivity.

5. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-4, characterized in that the surface layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with high strength.

6. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the structural elements on the side opposite the heated and/or cooled room is equipped with insulating layers.

7. Device according to any one of paragraphs.1-6, characterized in that the vertical ovarian cancer and/or cooling, including means for supplying a coolant and/or coolant from an external source, characterized in that the means for supplying a coolant and/or cooling medium is made in the form of a set of structural elements, each of which is formed by at least one through duct for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium, while the structural elements are made with through-channels, changing the direction of flow and/or cooling medium in accordance with the desired character of the distribution of the temperature field in a heated and/or cooled space, all structural elements provided with means for pressure-tight connection with each other, and their size and dimensions, the cross-sectional shape and the location of the input and output holes through the duct chosen so that dock in the form of a set of structural elements is a plate in the body which all ducts communicated with each other to form a sealed path for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium.

9. The device under item 8, characterized in that the structural elements are provided with cavities filled accumulating t the th cross-section.

11. Device according to any one of paragraphs.8-10, characterized in that the layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with the inclusion of material with high thermal conductivity.

12. Device according to any one of paragraphs.8-11, characterized in that the surface layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with high strength.

13. Device according to any one of paragraphs.8-12, characterized in that the structural elements on the side opposite the heated and/or cooled room is equipped with insulating layers.

14. Device according to any one of paragraphs.8-13, characterized in that the vertical location of the structural elements of the device is provided with vozduhoohladiteli.

15. Device for heating and/or cooling of the space, including means for supplying a coolant and/or coolant from an external source, characterized in that the means for supplying a coolant and/or cooling medium is made in the form of two structural elements, each of which in the manufacture of formed symmetrically arranged recesses, while the structural elements are provided with means d is the input and output openings of the grooves are selected so that that dock in the form of two positive elements is a plate in the body which is symmetrical grooves communicated with each other to form a sealed path for the circulation of the coolant and/or cooling medium.

16. The device according to p. 15, characterized in that the structural elements are provided with cavities filled with a heat accumulating and/or cold environment.

17. Device according to any one of paragraphs.15 and 16, characterized in that the layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with the inclusion of material with high thermal conductivity.

18. Device according to any one of paragraphs.15-17, characterized in that the surface layer of structural elements on the side facing the heated and/or cooled to the room, made with high strength.

19. Device according to any one of paragraphs.15-18, characterized in that the structural elements on the side opposite the heated and/or cooled room is equipped with insulating layers.

20. Device according to any one of paragraphs.15-19, characterized in that the vertical location of the structural elements of the device is provided with vozduhoohladiteli.

 

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