Flexible heater

 

The invention relates to the design of electric heaters for local heating in the technical and domestic purposes, in particular, seats car seats. The invention solves the problem of creating a simple removable portable portable flexible electric heaters, including vehicle seats, low inertia, fast ramp-up, reliable, convenient operation, easy to manufacture, does not require the use of expensive deficient sites, materials, and having the ability to supply low-voltage DC sources, including vehicle battery. Simultaneously, the invention solves the problem of the possibility of using electric heaters as a means of physiotherapeutic telemessaging impact. Flexible heater includes a flexible elektrosokirani the heating conductor 1 and many reinforcing massage elements 2 made in the form of rotating bodies and/or bodies with shaped cross-section having apertures 3 and connected by a braided flexible connecting element 4. Flexible elektrosokirani the heating conductor 1 is installed in the hole 3 at the measures the most important cover of the vehicle seat. The proposed solution provides the simplicity of design and manufacture technology, good flexibility, durability, comfort and versatility of the product. 8 C.p. f-crystals, 12 ill.

The invention relates to the design of electric heaters and can be used for local heating in the technical and domestic purposes, in particular, seats car seats.

Known woven heater, in which the conductive thread zigzag is located in the tissue of insulating threads (see Japan patent No. 46-22427, CL N 05 3/00, 1971).

Also known woven heater, conductive thread which is located in the transverse direction and forms section, separated by areas of tissue, free from conductive thread and free from conductive yarn portions of the fabric along its edges earned conductive wire connected to the conductive thread of each section (see the Federal Republic of Germany patent No. 1690588, CL N 05 3/00, 1972).

The required power of the electric heater is provided at a significant cross-section of the conductive filament, resulting in reduced flexibility and to increase its rigidity. This reduces the resource RABC known heater is in low reliability when used for heating car seat, since the operation of the vehicle in the cold and wet season the heater is subjected to deformation alternating loads associated with boarding and disembarking the driver or passenger, the movement of the vehicle, especially on rough roads.

Known seat for a vehicle of layered polymer composite material having mounted in its cavity thin-film heating element, made of a metal foil of a given electrical resistance, made in the form of a meander (see a utility model certificate of the Russian Federation No. 2027320, CL 60 N 2/00, And 47 With 7/74, 1997).

The lack of technical solutions in nerazborite design, complexity of manufacture, repair, use rigid structure of the seat, which is not always convenient for the user.

Known woven heater, in which the conductive thread zigzag is located in the transverse direction and fixed in the insulating fabric with education sections, separated by areas of the fabric and along at least one of its edges stacked current-carrying filament connected to the conductive threads of each partition on the specified areas of tissue, the specified connection conductive and that is odorou wound conductive thread at least one section and soldered the current-carrying filament, moreover, the bracket is fixed with its curved ends on the fabric, the current-carrying filament performed stranded and is enclosed in an insulating sheath of fibrous insulation with connection via power cord with plug for cigarette lighter socket of a car (see RF patent №2027320, CL N 05 3/34, 1991 - prototype).

Perform heater thus allows the use of conductors of smaller cross-section which gives the thread more flexibility while ensuring necessary for heating electric power. This reduces the susceptibility of the heater as a whole to frequent deformations with alternating loads, which increases the service life and safety. In addition, at the precipice of one of the conductors of the heater does not lose health.

A disadvantage of the known technical solutions in the high complexity of manufacturing the heater and conductive thread.

A common disadvantage of the known technical solutions that are flexible woven heaters, and seat vehicles after they are assembled to form a permanent connection, which makes it difficult repair, increases the inertia of the heating system, the output time operating temperature range and service life of the heating of the promotion. Furthermore, additional heat losses in heating the layer of material covering the seat leads to a loss of power or necessary, the use of power sources with higher power. Nereshennosti connection with seat heater eliminates the possibility of its use as a means of physical therapy effects of heat on human organs in a variety of adverse climatic conditions, in case of accidents, for the treatment or prevention of diseases in the conditions of the vehicle with the application of heat, for example, legs, back.

The invention solves the problem of creating a simple removable portable portable flexible electric heaters, including vehicle seats, low inertia, fast ramp-up, reliable, convenient operation, easy to manufacture, does not require the use of expensive deficient sites, materials, and having the ability to supply low-voltage DC sources, including vehicle battery.

Simultaneously, the invention solves the problem of the possibility of using electric heaters as a means of physiotherapeutic telemessaging impact.

Put the hydrated conductor, made teams of many interconnected reinforcing massage elements made in the form of rotating bodies and/or bodies with shaped cross-section with holes, while the flexible elektrosokirani heating conductor is installed in the holes at least part of the reinforcing massage elements.

Preferably the flexible heater to perform the connection reinforcing massage elements together weaving on the connecting element.

Suitable coupling element to perform in the form of flexible strands, including nylon fishing line.

Preferably the heating conductor run with the use of nichrome wire.

Suitable reinforcing massage elements to perform from wood or plastic.

Preferably the reinforcing massage elements to perform with a smooth or rough surface.

Suitable flexible heater to perform in the form of a heating pad and/or massage tools, or clothing, or Mat.

Preferably the flexible heater to perform in the form of massage Mat can be locked on the seat, including the vehicle, or the chair.

Suitable flexible heater WYPALL information sources and identify sources contains information about the analogs of the invention, allows to establish that the applicant is not found technical solutions, characterized by signs, identical to all the essential features of the claimed invention. The definition from the list of identified unique prototype, revealed a set of essential (with respect to perceived by the applicant to the technical result) distinguishing features of the claimed object set forth in the claims.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the requirement of "novelty" by applicable law.

Information about the popularity of the distinctive features in the complex of symptoms known technical solutions to achieve the same as the claimed device, the positive effect is not there. On this basis it is concluded that the proposed solution meets the criterion of "inventive step".

In Fig.1 shows a General view of the proposed flexible heater and option razmeshtenie it flexible elektroizolyacionnogo heating conductor (for simplicity shown only a part of the reinforcing massage elements; dark color highlights reinforcing massage is aspolozhena flexible elektroizolyacionnogo heating conductor in the flexible heater (top view);

In Fig.3 shows a variant of the flexible heater, made in the form of two mats massage on the back and seat of the vehicle.

In Fig.4 shows a reinforcing massage element barrel-shaped (made in the form of a body of rotation).

In Fig.5 shows a reinforcing massage element (side view) shown in Fig.4.

In Fig.6 depicts a reinforcing massage element with lumpy massage surface, made in the form of rotation of a body.

In Fig.7 shows a reinforcing massage element (side view), is shown in Fig.6.

In Fig.8 shows a reinforcing massage element made in the form of a body fashioned section.

In Fig.9 shows a section a-a reinforcing massage element shown in Fig.8.

In Fig.10 depicts a reinforcing massage element with lumpy massage surface, made in the form of a body with a curly section.

In Fig.11 shows a cross-section of the reinforcing massage element depicted in Fig.10.

In Fig.12 shows a variant of the connection of adjacent reinforcing massage elements in the weave (an enlarged detail of the drawing of Fig.2).

Flexible heater contains (Fig.1, 2, 3, 12) flexible elektrosokirani the unit's electric the phone with shaped cross-section (Fig.8, 10) having holes 3 and connected by a braided flexible connecting element 4, made for example of nylon fishing line. Flexible elektrosokirani the heating conductor 1 is installed in the hole 3 at least part of the reinforcing massage elements 2. Flexible heater can be made in the form of a solid Mat (Fig.1, 2) or twin massage mats (Fig.3) made with the possibility of fixing on the seat, in particular motor vehicle, or a chair for simultaneous use as a cover. In this case, the reinforcing massage elements 2 can be made of wood or plastic in the form of barrel-shaped rollers (Fig.4), cylindrical (not shown) with a smooth surface. You can use amirouche massage elements 2 with shaped cross-section (Fig.8, 10) lumpy (convex-concave) surface to enhance the massage effect. When netting can be used reinforcing massage elements 2 identical or different forms. Weave, made with the use of various forms of reinforcing massage elements 2 (groups of rollers), enhances the massaging effect. Perhaps the use of known species platen is placed in mutually perpendicular directions (Fig.12).

Preferably elektrosokirani the heating conductor 1 to perform using nichrome wire, for example of the brand HNN in a casing of insulating compound, in particular it 105. When the flexible heater in case of vehicle seats exercise its power from the vehicle battery, for example, of the vehicle. He has the ability to connect through the cord 5 power supply with plug 6 to the car's cigarette lighter socket.

Flexible heater works as follows. When used for vehicle seats it has multiple purposes - cover, heater, massager. Seat heating occurs due to thermal convection through the space between the reinforcing massage elements 2, including through the holes 3. Seat heating enhances the massage effect, thus formed air channels with system seat heater-body provide uniformity of heating, ventilation, which increases the effectiveness of massage, eliminates overheating, reduces sweating, which increases the comfort of use of flexible heater.

You can use flexible electron and the buggies, beds as heaters and/or massagers. Flexible elektroobogrevatel, you can weave in the form of a sleeping bag or clothing (e.g., vest) for use in poorly heated rooms.

The implementation of the proposed flexible heater with flexible reinforcement elektroizolyacionnogo the heating conductor 1 reinforcing massage elements 2 ensures high reliability (reliability and durability, safety and ease of use. Prototypes offer flexible heaters were successfully pilot-tested as a massage mats for seat vehicles with proof of the high efficiency of their work. The proposed solution provides the simplicity of design and manufacture technology, good flexibility, durability, comfort and versatility of the product.

Claims

1. Flexible heater containing flexible elektrosokirani heating conductor, characterized in that it is made teams of many interconnected reinforcing massage elements made in the form of rotating bodies and/or bodies with shaped cross section with a hole at back the e part of the reinforcing massage elements.

2. Flexible heater under item 1, characterized in that it is made by the connection reinforcing massage elements together weaving on the connecting element.

3. Flexible heater under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the connecting element is designed in the form of flexible strands, including nylon fishing line.

4. Flexible heater according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that elektrosokirani heating conductor made using nichrome wire.

5. Flexible heater according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the reinforcing massage elements made of wood or plastic.

6. Flexible heater according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the reinforcing massage elements have a smooth or rough surface.

7. Flexible heater according to any one of paragraphs.1-6, characterized in that it is made in the form of a heating pad and/or massage tools, or clothing, or Mat.

8. Flexible heater under item 7, characterized in that it is made in the form of massage Mat can be locked on the seat, including the vehicle, or the chair.

9. Flexible heater under item 8, characterized in that it is made in the form of h is

 

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