Device for metering of petroleum products, storage and leave them on the enterprises

 

The invention relates to computing technology, in particular the automation of accounting for petroleum products, and can be used at the enterprises of the type petrol stations (NPP), tank farms and gas stations, combined with the points of loading. The technical result is to increase functionality. The device comprises a Central unit with software for generating tasks to perform technological operations for the receipt, storage and distribution of petroleum products, the display unit, the printing unit, a communication unit, a control unit and data processing software for data acquisition and issuing control actions on technological equipment reception areas, storage and distribution of petroleum products, cash register machine with fiscal functions of the Registrar, the interface line, the zone controllers reception, storage and distribution of petroleum products, modules, interfacing, measurement tools and commands zones of reception, storage and distribution of petroleum products, channel, an automated control system. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to an information-Ismeretlen product type petrol stations (gas stations), tank farms, nuclear power plants, combined with the points of loading.

A device for metering of oil, which is closest to the claimed and contains measurement tools, working Executive bodies and the measuring line (see RF patent №2092795 C1, G 01 F 15/00, 10.10.97 year).

The main disadvantage of this device is the limited scope of its application.

Technical problem on which this invention is directed, is the extension of functionality by increasing class tasks simultaneously, increasing the profitability of enterprises.

In addition to process control, the device provides commodity accounting for oil and cash flows for the reception, distribution and storage with automated registration required reporting documents.

For the first time managed to combine commodity and cash flows for the reception, vacation and storage of petroleum products at the enterprises.

The composition of hardware and software provides commercial accounting of oil and commodity balance mass with an error of0.5% company product with f device for metering oil contains the main unit, coupled with the display unit, printing unit and the communication unit, the control unit processing information, coupled with the imaging unit and the cash machine with the fiscal functions of the Registrar, the control unit and processing information via the interface lines connected to the zone controllers reception, storage and distribution of petroleum products through the modules mate connected with the measuring means and the execution of commands, the Central unit and the control unit and information processing integrated into a local network, the communication unit via a radio channel connected to the top level of automated control systems, including distributed objects.

In addition, distributed objects include dispatching service, and/or tax inspection, and/or the office of the company.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a General diagram of a device for metering of petroleum products.

Device for metering oil contains tools 1-9 measurements and commands zones 10, 11, 12, respectively, reception, storage and distribution of petroleum products.

Tools 1-9 measurement and execution of commands through the modules 13-21 pair connected to the controllers 22, 23, 24 of the respective AOR who eat form:

1 - volumetric meter for measuring the volume of petroleum products;

2 - pressure transducer;

3 - temperature sensor;

4 - gauge changes in the level of oil in the storage tank;

5 - the gauge of temperature of oil in the storage tank;

6 - sensor(density);

7 - volumetric counter;

8 - sensor overflow predrawn;

9 - control sensor ground auto-cisterns.

The device includes a Central block 25, block 26 of the control and information processing and the block 27 connection, connected through a radio channel with the upper level of the automated system, including distributed objects: dispatching service 28, tax Inspectorate, 29, office 30 of the company.

The Central unit 25 is connected to the block 31 of the display, printing unit 32.

Unit 26 of the control and information processing is connected to the block 33 of the display and control cash machine 34 with the fiscal functions of the register, which allows you to register commodity flows (receipt, consumption and balance) and financial flows associated with it that allows you to generate taxable income.

Unit 26 of the control and information processing via the interface lines 35, 36, 37 connected to the controllers 22, 23, nia and information processing integrated into a local network 38.

The device operates as follows.

The device operation is controlled by software installed in the Central unit 25 unit 26 managing and processing information, interacting with the controllers 22, 23, 24, respectively, zones 10, 11, 12 reception, storage and distribution of petroleum products and ensures the removal of information through resistance materials with sensors 1-9, convert the signals from the sensors and generates control actions on technological equipment appropriate zones (petroleum product loading, condition of the product during storage and reception).

From dispatch service 28 through the communication unit 27 receives the control commands and data to the Central unit 25, in which are formed the necessary tasks to perform one or other technological operations.

On device 31 of the display are displayed in the generated job. Via LAN 38 commands and required tasks are passed to the block 26 of the control and information processing, which in turn via the interface lines 35, 36, 37 initiates the necessary controller 22, 25, 24 to perform the specified function.

Initiated by the controller generates discrete signals that are received at vhodnyh and control signals for measurement tools and commands zones 10, 11, 12, respectively, reception, storage and distribution of petroleum products.

In addition, upon request of the unit 26 of the control and information processing controller 22 provides for the collection of information by means of measurement tools and commands on the maximum permissible pressure in the pipe bends, the values of fluid temperature and flow rate.

The device 33 to display this displays all information about the technological process in the form of tables, diagrams, values of monitored physical quantities of oil.

For measuring physical parameters of oil products in the storage area 11 (the level of oil in tanks, temperature, density and the level of the bottom water in the tanks installed measurement tools.

Reading information from the measuring means is available upon request from the unit 26 of the control and information processing and the Central unit 25.

Information through the block 27 connection running special software over the air is passed in a geographically remote objects: dispatching service 28, tax Inspectorate, 29, office 30.

When sales of petroleum products information about a given dose is delivered to the Central unit 25 via LAN 38 Yes interfacenew line 37 unit 26 of the control and information processing is generated command to the controller 24, which generates control action by means of command execution unit oil.

The result of the failover command is processed by the controller 24 and is passed to the block 26 of the control and information processing and is displayed on the display unit 33 to display.

Unit 26 of the control and information processing via the interface lines 36 corresponding controller 23 requests data on oil from the system of measurement in tanks and via LAN 38 transmits to the Central unit 25 physical parameters of the desired product.

The Central unit 25 generates a printing unit 32 corresponding supporting documents (waybill, invoice), including the information about the client and release the oil into the database and generates information for transmission through the block 27 communications in geographically distant objects.

Automatically with the Central unit 25 necessary information about released or taken oil is filled in the fiscal memory of the cash register 34.

When the oil in the storage area 11 in the tank farm with a block 26 of the control and information processing the request in the controller 23 measurement on prodautsa in block 26 of the control and information processing and stored in a database of the Central unit 25.

On the basis of these data in the Central unit 25 are formed the necessary accounting documents and, if necessary information is generated for transmission through the block 27 communications in geographically distant objects.

The invention will extend the functionality by increasing class tasks simultaneously, to increase the profitability of enterprises, to provide commodity accounting for oil and cash flows for the reception, distribution and storage with automated registration of the necessary supporting and reporting documents.

The invention will allow for commercial accounting of oil and commodity balance mass with an error of0.5% company supply with fiscalitatea commodity and cash flows.

The following sources of information described methods and means by which you can implement such features of the invention, as the control unit and data processing software for data acquisition and issuing control actions on technological equipment reception areas, storage and distribution of petroleum products”, “zone controllers receive, when stored is rawsumer impacts on technological equipment reception areas, storage and distribution of petroleum products”.

Sources of information

1. YUROV Century “ASSEMBLER”, Saint Petersburg, PETER, 2000, S. 15-56.

2. DAVLETIAROV F. A. and other “Maintenance”, CI “Mathematics”, 1998, S. 246-255, 546-631.

3. GOST 26976-86 “Mass of oil and oil products. General requirements for methods of measurements”, M., Gosstandart of Russia.

4. VEDENEV, I. “To the question of construction of the process control system of crude oil and petroleum products on the basis of new information technologies”, Moscow, Transport and storage of petroleum products, №3, 4, 1995.

5. The transport and storage of petroleum products. Scientific and technical information collection, issue 3-4, Moscow, Tsniiteneftehim, 1995, S. 3, 4, 11-15.

6. JACKSON, “Design of relational databases for use with microcomputers”, M., Mir, 1991, S. 11, 15, 100-113.

Claims

1. Device for metering oil containing the Central unit with software for generating tasks to perform technological operations for the receipt, storage and distribution of petroleum products, coupled with the imaging unit, printing unit and the communication unit, control unit and data processing software for removal of informationto, coupled with the imaging unit and the cash machine with the fiscal functions of the Registrar, the control unit and processing information via the interface lines connected to the zone controllers reception, storage and distribution of petroleum products through the modules mate connected with the measuring means and the execution of commands, reception areas, storage and distribution of petroleum products, the main unit and the control unit and information processing integrated into a local network, the communication unit via a radio channel connected to the top level of automated control systems, including distributed objects.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the remote objects include dispatchers and/or the tax office.

 

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FIELD: oil and gas extractive industry.

SUBSTANCE: device has inlet and outlet pipelines, on each of which a flange is placed with chamber for draining pressure, and narrowing diaphragm placed between pipelines with compacting rings on its end surfaces. Flange on first pipeline is fixed rigidly, and on second pipeline it is placed with possible displacement along the axis and interacts with diaphragm and stopping ring on this pipeline, between which and moveable flange an additional compaction is placed. A fixing means is rigidly connected to second pipeline in form of additional flange with pressing screws, interacting with moveable flange directly or through removable half-rings.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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