Ceiling design, flexible panel and method of its manufacture

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, particularly to panels suspended ceilings. The panel includes longitudinal beams and cross-beams, between which is formed zones to provide support for the panels, while the panels have at least one flat sheet of material attached to a reinforcing element having channels formed therein so that they are at least in one direction relative to the sheet material. In that case, if you use more than one sheet of material, the sheets of material are located on opposite sides of the reinforcing element. The technical result of the invention is that the panels have the flexibility to allow easy insertion of them into the openings between the longitudinal beams and cross-beams of the support structure and is easily compressed with the formation of smaller thickness profile for transport. 3 N. and 43 C.p. f-crystals, 83 ill.

The present invention relates to coatings for walls and ceilings of building structures, and more precisely to a suspended ceiling or a wall panel, in which the individual panels are based on a matrix of supporting elements.

There are many types of ceilings is part of the design remain open to influence, or rafters and beams can be covered, for example, dry plaster or plywood, wooden planks, building plaster or other finishing materials. The walls of building structures can be dressed up the same way.

Another widespread ceiling design is often called a suspended ceiling, and in this construction the set of reference beams hanging from the bare ceiling to form a matrix, with many located next to each other of the openings formed between the support beams. The openings are filled panels, which typically represent the hard acoustic panels, with the panels along their peripheral edges rest on the supporting beams. Despite the fact that such suspended ceilings had some success, they have many drawbacks. One drawback is that there is too little diversity in terms of the aesthetics of the ceiling construction, as most acoustic panels have the same General appearance.

Also known panel designed for installation in the ceiling of the building, containing at least one first sheet made of the term is t, between the reinforcing element and the first sheet has multiple elongated channels (Gubenko A. B. Building design using plastics. M., Publishing house construction, 1970, S. 35, 38, 39, 46).

The disadvantage of this panel is that they are hard and brittle and therefore easily broken. In addition, due to their rigidity, they are difficult to insert into the intended opening them due to the fact that the supporting beams are partially protrude into the opening to provide a support surface for the panels.

The present invention is the creation of a suspended ceiling structures, which eliminates the above disadvantages of the known constructions and the creation of a new and improved flexible panel that can be folded or bent during insertion into the opening in the support lattice structure of the ceiling of the building and, therefore, can be easily inserted in the space reserved for them in the doorway.

The problem is solved due to the fact that the flexible panel that can be folded or bent during insertion into the opening in the support lattice structure of the ceiling of the building, contains at least one first sheet ikeyslim many of elongated channels; in which elongated channels formed between the first sheet and the first amplifying element, and the first sheet and a reinforcing member each made of essentially rigid material capable of bending and which contains a heat-resistant fiber, interconnected by means of resin.

It is possible to perform the first sheet and the first reinforcing element from the same, essentially rigid material capable of bending.

In addition, the first sheet can be molded in Samooborona body.

The first reinforcing element may be a sheet with grooves in which are formed oppositely directed elongated channels, with at least some of them can be located opposite the first sheet, forming elongated cells between the reinforcing element and the first sheet.

At least some of the channels may have a trapezoidal cross section in the transverse direction or a triangular cross-section in the transverse direction.

The first reinforcing element can be attached to the first sheet, for example, using an adhesive, heat sealing or ultrasonic welding.

The panel may also optionally include otvoreno directed elongated channels, while the channels of the second reinforcing element have a smaller depth than the channels in the first amplifying element and the second amplifying element is superimposed on the first amplifying element so that at least some of these channels in the second amplifying element is located inside the channels of the first amplifying element.

The second reinforcing element can be attached to the first reinforcing element.

In addition, the panel can be performed with a pair of second reinforcing elements with grooves, with one superimposed on the first reinforcing element from the top, and the other is located under the first reinforcing element.

Each of the second reinforcing elements can be attached to the first reinforcing element.

The panel may further include a second reinforcing part having a flat surface extending perpendicular to the channels in the first amplifying element and the second amplifying portion may have an elongated structure with grooves and be done with the possibility of inserting it into one of the channels in the first amplifying element.

The panel can have many second reinforcing parts, and each second Wuxi is locate ornamental layer of material, attached to the first sheet, a reinforcing member attached to one side of the first sheet and the decorative layer attached to the opposite side of the first sheet and the decorative layer may be an elastomeric polymer which may be a thermoplastic or termotorgmash polymer film.

In addition, the reinforcing element and the first sheet can be made of a bendable material.

The panel may also contain two of the first sheet and the reinforcing element located between them, and two of the first sheet can be attached to the reinforcing element. A reinforcing member may be compressible, allowing compression of the panel by moving one of the first sheets perpendicular to the direction of the other of these first leaves.

The panel may also contain at least two of these reinforcing elements, each of which is located between the first two sheets to form the set of elongated cells between the reinforcing elements, with the reinforcing elements can be essentially S-shaped cross-section in the transverse direction.

In addition, each of the reinforcing elements may be on the t other extending in the longitudinal direction of the lines, which form the fold lines along which the strip is bent, and the band, which made each reinforcing element may be made of elastic material, so that after bending of the bands they remain biased towards a flat position.

The panel also can be folded by moving the first sheet toward each other when the displacement of one of the first sheet relative to the other of the first sheet in the transverse direction perpendicular to the direction of length of the reinforcing elements.

Additionally, the panel may include at least one supporting element is attached in position to the reinforcing element from the side of the amplifying element, opposite the first sheet, and the supporting element is elongated and is perpendicular to the elongated channels.

In addition, the supporting element may be mechanically attached to the reinforcing element and contain the tabs made with the possibility of entering into the channels of the reinforcing element for mechanically attaching the support element to the reinforcement element. Additionally, the support element may include a body in the form of an inverted “U”, Vestsi element.

At least one supporting element and the reinforcing element can be made of the same material.

In addition, the panel may include a set of reference elements.

The material of the first sheet and the first reinforcing element can be a non-woven material made of heat-resistant fibers, bonded together using moldable when heated, cured polymer binder or a binder of thermosetting resin.

It is possible to execute, and the first sheet, and a reinforcing element with optical fibers embedded in resin.

In addition, the first sheet may be made of glass fibers, embedded in acrylic resin, and the length of the optical fibers in the first sheet may be in the range from one quarter inch to one inch, the thickness of the optical fibers in the first sheet may be in the range from seven to one hundred microns.

The first reinforcing element can be made of the same resin and glass fibers, the first sheet, the first sheet may be molded or elastic body or compressible body or put in the body.

The above panel can be built into the ceiling of the building.

Another aspect of the perpendicular support elements, between which are formed the openings, and the supporting elements are designed to provide support to panels for ceiling openings, and above the ceiling panel in each of these openings.

Another aspect of the invention is a method of manufacturing the panel above, which includes the operation of forming the first sheet in a three-dimensional body having multiple elongated channels.

The method may also include the additional step of attaching the first reinforcing element to the first sheet, preferably by gluing, heat sealing or ultrasonic welding.

Thus, the proposed new and improved suspended ceiling construction in which a range of flexible panels are based on the lattice structure of the support beams preferably with the ability pickup. Supporting beams may cross-section having the configuration of an inverted “T” to form a matrix of spaced in the longitudinal direction, the longitudinal beams and arranged in the transverse direction of the cross. Flexible panels attached to such sizes that they could be inserted into the openings formed by the longitudinal beams and cross-beams, and rely on the invoice which can have numerous configurations, but include at least one first sheet, which is the upper sheet of essentially rigid, but at the same time flexible or bendable material, preferably made of fibrous material, which is reinforced by one of the numerous ways so that it can be folded or bent during insertion into the opening in the support lattice structure and subsequently resignat over lattice design so that it can be easily installed at a desired position on the supporting lattice structure. In various disclosed embodiments, the implementation shows that the panel can be made foldable or compressible.

The sheet material may be amplified by the second parallel sheet of material, which is the bottom sheet, with the supporting elements overlap the space between them, or it can be reinforced simply by many reinforcing elements extending along not open to influence, or perhaps even along the open to the exposure surface of the sheet material. In that case, when multiple sheets of material, provided by the supporting elements for holding sheet material at the desired distance from each other.

About the indicate the presence of an open to influence a flat surface, which can be covered with decorative film different color, grain or texture to add variety to the appearance of the ceiling construction, as soon as it is installed.

Although the panel were briefly described above and will be described in more detail below as forming a part of the ceiling for specialists in the art it is obvious that in the modification of the support structure, the panels can also be used in the walls of the building.

Other advantages and features of the invention set forth in the following description of various embodiments of the invention, given solely as non-limiting examples and represented in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig.1 is an isometric image of a panel formed in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention; and

Fig.2 is a partial isometric image upward on a suspended ceiling construction in accordance with the present invention, which uses panels of Fig.1;

Fig.3 is an enlarged partial section view made along line 3-3 in Fig.2;

Fig.4 CR the second image section of Fig.4, showing the supporting elements panel, dashed lines;

Fig.6 is an enlarged partial isometric image panel in Fig.1;

Fig.7 is an image similar to Fig.6, in which the support element of this type, as shown in dotted lines in Fig.5, shown in solid lines;

Fig.8 is an image similar to Fig.5, in which the panel is shown folded and supporting elements shown in dotted lines in places where they'd be if the panel was fully extended, as shown in Fig.5;

Fig.9 is a vertical side view of the panel according to Fig.8 after folding it completely in a flat position;

Fig.10 is a vertical side view showing the three panels in the fully folded and stacked one on another in the form of the foot;

Fig.11 is an image similar to Fig.5 and showing the panel partially curved to facilitate installation of the panel in the set position when you insert it inside the reference lattice design for the ceiling;

Fig.12 is a reduced side vertical view similar to Fig.11 and again showing panelmenu isometric image panel in Fig.1, but which includes a layer of a decorative film, designed to cover the lower side of the panel in Fig.1;

Fig.14 is a magnified image of the marked circle plot in Fig.13;

Fig.15 is a vertical side view of a panel similar to that shown in Fig.1, with end caps, passing along opposite ends of the panel and designed to hold the panel in the expanded condition;

Fig.16 is an enlarged partial section view made along line 16-16 of Fig.15;

Fig.17 is carried out by pulling a partial isometric bar image shown in Fig.15 and 16;

Fig.18 is a vertical side view of the second variant of implementation of the panel in accordance with the present invention, with the panel shown bent dotted lines;

Fig.19 is an enlarged local vertical side view of the panel shown in Fig.18;

Fig.20 is a partial isometric image panel of the type shown in Fig.19;

Fig.21 is a vertical side view of the third variant of implementation of the panel in accordance with the present invention, with pane an increased local vertical side view of the panel according to Fig.21;

Fig.23 is an enlarged partial isometric bar image shown in Fig.21;

Fig.24 is a partial isometric image amplifying part of the panel of Fig.21, illustrating the first method of applying adhesive to the reinforcing element;

Fig.25 is an image similar to Fig.24 and illustrating a second method of applying adhesive to the material of the reinforcing element;

Fig.26 is an image similar to Fig.24 and illustrates a third method of applying the adhesive on the reinforcing element;

Fig.27 is a side vertical view similar to Fig.21, with the panel of Fig.21 shows a partially compressed;

Fig.28 is an enlarged partial section view of the panel shown in Fig.27;

Fig.29 is a partial section view similar to Fig.27, but showing the panel in a state in which it is compressed to a greater degree;

Fig.30 is an isometric image of the panel shown in Fig.27 and partially compressed;

Fig.31 is a vertical side view of a fourth variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.32 is uvelicheniya Fig.32 and showing the panel in a partially compressed state;

Fig.34 is a partial isometric bar image shown in Fig.31;

Fig.35 is a vertical side view of a fifth variant of the implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.35A is an enlarged image of the marked circle plot in Fig.36;

Fig.36 is an enlarged partial section view illustrating a portion of the panel shown in Fig.35;

Fig.37 is a partial section view similar to Fig.36 and showing the panel in a partially compressed state;

Fig.38 is a partial isometric bar image shown in Fig.35;

Fig.39 is a vertical side view of a sixth variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.40 is an enlarged partial section view of the panel shown in Fig.39;

Fig.41 is a partial isometric image of the panel shown in Fig.40;

Fig.42 is a side vertical view of the panel, which is similar to the panel shown in Fig.39, and is parallel to the sheet of material added to the panel;

Fig.43 is a chemical image of the panel, it is shown in Fig.43;

Fig.45 is a side vertical view of the panel shown in Fig.39, with the bend or curved section formed into panels;

Fig.45A is a magnified image similar to Fig.45 and showing the reinforcing panel section according to Fig.45 solid lines and parallel sheets attached to the reinforcing part, dotted lines;

Fig.46 represents the local vertical section of the seventh variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.47 is an isometric image of the eighth variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.48 is carried out with a spatial separation of elements isometric bar image shown in Fig.47;

Fig.49 is an isometric image of the auxiliary reinforcing strips used in the panel of Fig.47;

Fig.50 is an isometric image of the reinforcing structure for the panels shown in Fig.47;

Fig.51 is an isometric image of the sheet of material illustrating how the auxiliary do is howl vertical panel, it is shown in Fig.47, if you look at it up and to the right from the lower left side panel shown in Fig.47;

Fig.53 is an enlarged cross-section made along line 53-53 of Fig.52;

Fig.54 is a cross-section made along line 54-54 of Fig.53;

Fig.55 is a cross-section made along the line 55-55 of Fig.56 and a similar cross-section in Fig.53, but showing the panel in a partially compressed state;

Fig.56 is a cross-section made along line 56-56 of Fig.55 and a similar cross-section in Fig.54, but showing the panel in a partially compressed state;

Fig.57 is a vertical side view of a ninth variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.58 represents the local vertical incision is made through the portion of the panel shown in Fig.57;

Fig.59 is a partial isometric image of the panel illustrated in Fig.58;

Fig.60 is a vertical side view of a tenth variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.61 represents the local vertical section of the panel shown in Fig.60;

Fig.62 presents the/p>Fig.63 is a side vertical view of the eleventh variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.64 is an enlarged local vertical section showing part of the panel of Fig.63;

Fig.65 is a partial isometric image showing part of the panel illustrated in Fig.64;

Fig.66 is a side vertical view of the twelfth variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.67 is an enlarged vertical section of the panel shown in Fig.66;

Fig.68 is a partial isometric drawings illustrating part of the panel shown in Fig.67;

Fig.69 is a side vertical view of the thirteenth variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.70 is an enlarged vertical section of the panel shown in Fig.69;

Fig.71 is a partial isometric drawings illustrating part of the panel shown in Fig.70;

Fig.72 is a side vertical view of the fourteenth vary enlarged vertical section of the panel, it is shown in Fig.72;

Fig.74 is a vertical section similar to the section in Fig.73 and showing the panel in a partially compressed state;

Fig.75 is a partial isometric image of the panel shown in Fig.73 and 74;

Fig.76 is a side vertical view of the fifteenth variant of implementation of the panel, made in accordance with the present invention; and

Fig.77 is an enlarged vertical section of the panel shown in Fig.76;

Fig.78 is a vertical section similar to the section in Fig.77 and showing the panel in a partially compressed state;

Fig.79 is a partial isometric image of the panel shown in Fig.77 and 78;

Fig.80 is a partial isometric image of the support element is adapted for use with the panel shown in Fig.60;

Fig.81 is a vertical end view of the support element shown in Fig.80;

Fig.82 is a vertical end view of the support element embedded in the panel according to Fig.60;

Fig.83 is a side vertical view of the panel according to Fig.60 with the supporting element is a conventional suspension design, consisting of intersecting elongated supporting elements 102, forming a matrix in which are formed openings, which are usually rectangular in shape and in which the panel according to the present invention can be located. The supporting elements, as a rule, consist of horizontally spaced elongated longitudinal beams 102A, which are suspended in the usual manner and parallel to each other in one direction and extending from edge to edge of the ceiling is usually at a distance in a vertical direction, comprising four to six inches from the base design of the building, in which is mounted ceiling construction. Many horizontal transverse supporting elements 102b are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the longitudinal beams so that they are formed rectangular openings. Cross also suspended at the same height as the longitudinal beams. Longitudinal beams and cross-beams in cross section have the shape of an inverted “T” as shown in Fig.3, for the formation of horizontal ledges 104 on both sides of the vertical body 106, and the ledges are adapted to provide support to the peripheral edge of the panel, made in according to the each rectangular opening, so there is a ledge that provides support for the entire peripheral edge of the panel.

Can be used with other types of suspension designs, but the design of the type described has proved to be very functional.

The first option 108 implementation panel in accordance with the present invention shown in Fig.1-17. As perhaps best shown in Fig.5, each panel 108 includes top flat sheet 110, the bottom flat sheet 112 and a multitude of parallel reinforcing elements 114, having an essentially S-shaped cross-section. The upper and lower flat sheets and the reinforcing elements are made of somewhat rigid material that can be bent. The material used for this is a non-woven material made of heat-resistant fibers linked together using moldable when heated, cured polymer binder or a binder of thermosetting resin. For example, glass fiber, embedded in acrylic resin, are suitable for this, when this fiber should preferably be relatively long and thin. The length of the fibers should be not less than 1/4 inch, but is preferably1/2inch and particularly preferably the e than 100 microns, but preferably it is not more than 32 microns, and especially preferably not more than 10-16 microns. The material that was suitable for this purpose is a glass-fiber material 100GSM #8802, manufactured by the company Johns Manville, Waterviile, Ohio, or alternatively you can use the materials supplied by firms OJI Glasspen, Japan, and Ahlstrom, Finland.

The upper and lower sheets of material cut to a predetermined size that corresponds to the area bounded by longitudinal beams 102A and crossbars 102b reference system. Rationally, because the upper and lower sheets of material are held parallel to each other and separated from each other by means of reinforcing elements 114, which are formed from elongated strips of material 116, on which the pre-formed fold lines at predetermined locations, so that they can be bent at right angles in these places. Strips of material cut to a predetermined length for the formation of reinforcing elements.

The fold lines are provided in areas where the material strips 116 should be bent, and these places are removed from each edge of the strip by a distance corresponding to approximately one-quarter full Y valve 126 and the intermediate body 128, the size of which is approximately twice the width of each of the valves. Naturally, the fold lines allow you to bend the valves relative to the intermediate body. If you care to form the fold lines on the strips so as not to damage the fiberglass will not need to use alternative means to maintain the elasticity of the material of the strips, because fiberglass provide the desired elasticity of the material. Each valve is made with adhesive on its outer surface for coupling with the adjacent sheet material 110 or 112 to provide a reliable attachment to him. You can use numerous adhesives, but it was found that acceptable are porous adhesive manufactured by the company EMS-Chemie AG, Domat/Ems, Switzerland, and labeled fire-resistant Capoliveri glue #1533.

Rationally that due to the presence of the bend lines in the reinforcing elements and the ability of the material 116 of the strips to be bent along the bend lines, the reinforcing elements themselves may not necessarily hold the sheets 110, 112 at a distance from each other, giving the pane the ability to develop due to the displacement of the sheets of material towards each other at a small offset their 130 from a more rigid plastic or perhaps from a polymeric material reinforced with the same fiber can be inserted diagonally in each cell 132 formed between the sheets of the sheet material and the adjacent reinforcing elements. These supporting elements 130 shown in dotted lines in Fig.5 and solid lines in Fig.7. The supporting elements can be inserted into each cell or located at some distance from each other cells as required to maintain the panel in a desirable condition. However, even with supporting elements inserted in each cell, the panel may be slightly curved or bent, as shown in Fig.11 or 12. Rationally that due to the flexibility of the panels they can be easily inserted into the openings between the longitudinal beams 102A and crossbars 102b, even if the overall size of the panel 108 in a fully “extended” state will be essentially equal to the size of this opening. Naturally, this creates a clear advantage compared to systems of the prior art, according to which rigid panels that are impossible to bend or be bent, should be inserted in an aperture of approximately the same size.

When inserting the supporting elements in certain vibi or aesthetically appealing in some situations.

The reinforcing elements 114 can be bonded to sheet material 110, 112 in any suitable manner, but as an example, consider a variant in which the adhesive can be applied in such a way that it will cover the entire surface of the valve 124 or 126 may be applied in the form of continuous lines along the valve, but not the entire width of the valve, can be applied in the form of broken lines along the valve, or may be provided by other similar versions of the application. Provided that the reinforcing element can also be attached to the sheet material by heat sealing or ultrasonic welding.

Rationally that, as shown in Fig.8-10, when removing the supporting strips 130 of each cell in the panel 108 can be folded by extension reinforcing elements 114 along their lines 122 bend, so that the reinforcing elements will extend parallel to the top and bottom sheets 110 and 112, respectively, as shown in Fig.9. In this position, the panels can be stacked on one another in the form of the foot, as illustrated in Fig.10, and they will occupy a small volume, which is important for transportation, as a result, there is a significant cost savings when transporte, as shown in Fig.13, panel 108, such as those described above, may be modified by incorporating decorative continuous layer of elastomeric polymer, preferably a thermoplastic or termotorgmash polymer film 134 or similar, such as a film of urethane or neoprene, open on the bottom to impact the surface of the bottom sheet 112, which is a surface which is oriented towards the interior of the premises in which is mounted ceiling construction. The material film may be a simple flat sheet of colored material can be made with grooves or it may be formed of any other figure, by embossing, or by printing can be formed in a pattern simulating the texture of wood or other decorative pattern. There are numerous opportunities “decoration” of the lower surface of the panel, and this tape or equivalent sheet material can be adhesive or otherwise attached to the panel along the bottom surface of the bottom sheet 112 of panel material. Decorative film such as those described above, or another material can also be applied on the panel for other variantcode:

a) based vinyl finishes for walls, made by the firm Gen Corp., Columbus, Mississippi;

b) neoparamoeba vinyl film, such as used in the operations of wraps supplied by the company Alkor Draka, Munich, Germany;

c) fire resistant paper, manufactured by the firm Pallas Inc., Green Bay, Wisconsin;

d) fire-resistant paper, manufactured by the firm Permalin Products Co., New York, new York;

e) woven fiberglass material, manufactured by the company Johns Manville, Waterville, Ohio;

f) a flame-retardant non-woven material #TR2315B-1, supplied by the company H & V, Floyd, Virginia, which was flashed company Hunter Douglas Inc., Broomfield, Colorado;

g) fire-resistant steklarska on glass fiber non-woven material, and the paint is made firm Keim, the Netherlands. Fiberglass non-woven material supplied by the company Alkstrom, Finland.

Alternatively, the diagonal support elements shown in dotted lines in Fig.5, can be used extra long end caps 136, similar to that shown in Fig.15-17. These end caps can simply be an elongated U-shaped elements of the type bars of rigid material which are adapted for installation on a dense planting on the ends is the end covers protect the panel from folding, is illustrated in Fig.8 and 9, and, of course, can be removed from the panel for transport and is installed on the panel, as the panel will be ready for installation in the ceiling. Alternatively, the end cap can also be made with slots to insert inside the open end of the panel instead of installing around the butt. As an example, you can specify that the end caps can be made from flame retardant polycarbonate or aluminum and attached to the panels 108 using an adhesive.

In Fig.18-20 illustrates the second option 138 implementation panel in accordance with the present invention, in which the bottom sheet material 140 is reinforced mainly in one direction with the fluted reinforcing sheet 142, which is bent, as shown in Fig.19, for the formation of opening up and down trapezoidal channels 144. Attach sheet with trapezoidal channels is provided in those places where the surface of the reinforcing element adjacent to the surface of the material of the lower sheet 140, forming a close contact with her. As mentioned earlier, the attachment can be accomplished by any of a variety of ways, provided that a secure grip on the nogo type panel can be curved upwards with the formation of a smooth curve, as is illustrated in Fig.18, and to a lesser extent to bend down, but only in one direction of the panel. Trapezoidal channels 144 essentially prevent bending in a direction transverse with respect to shows. However, this ability of the panel to bend allows you to easily insert the panel into the opening between the longitudinal beams 102A and crossbars 102b in the support structure for the ceiling. The rigidity of the panel can also be adjusted by adjusting the stiffness of the material 140 of the bottom sheet.

In the third embodiment, 146 implementation of the present invention, which is shown in Fig.21-30, ceiling panel 146 is identical panel illustrated in Fig.18-20, but in this panel material 148 of the upper sheet attached to the trapezoidal reinforcing element 142 along the top surface of the trapezoidal element. The material of the upper sheet may be glued or otherwise attached to the reinforcing element as well or just as a reinforcing member was attached to material 140 of the bottom sheet. As shown in Fig.24, the adhesion reinforcing element 142 to the sheet material can be carried out using a continuous layer of adhesive 150 or, as shown in Fig.25, with POM what was mentioned earlier, can also be used many other ways of applying adhesive, such as glue is applied in the form of broken lines, or in the form of points or so on, you Can also use the sealing or ultrasonic welding.

Entirely manufactured panel 146, perhaps best seen in Fig.23, and it is also possible to bend or be bent in one direction, but essentially prevented her bending in a transverse or perpendicular direction due to the presence of channels of trapezoidal shape in amplifying element 142. A reinforcing member may be formed from a sheet material, on which were formed by the fold lines on opposite surfaces in zones parallel to each other and located at a certain distance from each other, and which was subsequently bent.

Panel 146 may be compressed for transportation, as shown in Fig.27-30, with a slight degree of compression may lead to insignificant changes in the configuration panel, which consists only in the fact that the panel is somewhat more subtle, but further compression causes the rectilinear surface 160 of the reinforcing element to bend or shape with the formation of a shaped configuration shown in the nogo place inside the shipping container, and through the use of appropriate material for panels, such as fiberglass, such as those described above, the panel will restore its normal configuration in Fig.21 and 22.

In this description, the term “compression” refers to the reduction of the thickness of the panel without the possibility of displacement of the upper and lower sheets in the transverse direction relative to each other, while the term “folding” is to be understood as reducing the thickness of the panel with a possibility of displacement of the upper and lower sheets in the transverse direction relative to each other. If there was no top sheet, as in the embodiment shown in Fig.18-20, “compression” would occur if it had not been possible to bend the reinforcing sheet with grooves in the transverse direction as if he “evolved”, but when “compression” reinforcing sheet “bugged out” would be right down.

In Fig.31 illustrates a fourth option 162 implementation of the present invention, in which the upper and lower planar sheets of material, indicated respectively by the reference numbers 164 and 166, divided reinforcing element 168 with grooves in which is formed an opening up and down to the nacta reinforcing element 168 with each flat sheet element 164, 166 compared with the corresponding contact areas of the panel shown in Fig.21 and 22. This allows to obtain more compressible pad, and rationally that by changing the contact area between the reinforcing element and the flat sheet elements can adjust the compressibility of the panel. In Fig.33 panel 162 is shown in a somewhat compressed state, but with the use of appropriate elastic materials panel due to the elasticity of the material used will return to the normal configuration, illustrated in Fig.32 as soon as the pressure is released.

In Fig.35-38 illustrated the fifth option 172 implementation of the present invention, which is to some extent similar variants of the implementation shown in Fig.21-22 and 31-32, due to the fact that it includes top and bottom sheets of flat material, indicated respectively by the reference numbers 174 and 176, and a reinforcing member 178 between them, but in this embodiment the reinforcing element is formed by opening up and down the channels 180, having an essentially triangular configuration. In this arrangement, the contact of the reinforcing element 178 to each flat sheet 174, 176 occurs at relatively low Positano the image marked by the circle area in Fig.36 shows a line of adhesive 182 along the formed essentially by “sharpening” the line of contact between the reinforcing element 178 and the top flat sheet element 174.

The sixth option 184 implementation panel of the present invention is illustrated in Fig.39-41, and you can see that it includes a bottom flat sheet 186, the main reinforcing element 188 is essentially the same type, as shown in Fig.18, and the auxiliary amplifying element 190, superimposed on the main reinforcing element 188.

Basically reinforcing element 188 is formed by opening up and down the channels 192 with a trapezoidal cross-sectional configuration, and it is attached to the material of the bottom flat sheet 186 along zones 194 contact. Auxiliary reinforcing element 190 is imposed on the entire upper surface of the main reinforcing element, and in an ancillary reinforcing element is also formed opening up and down the channels 196 with a trapezoidal configuration, but this element of opening up the channels are wider in comparison with drop down TV. Drop down the channels are of such size that they fit the shape of the top opening to the bottom of the channel of the main reinforcing element 188 and that this part could enter them. Opening up channels of auxiliary reinforcing element 190 adapted the t is attached to the main reinforcing element in any suitable way, for example with glue, or continuously throughout a horizontal contact surface, or located at some distance from each other places only along the horizontal surfaces 198 of the contact. Designed so the panel will bend in one direction, but will not be as easy to bend in a lateral transverse direction, and Fig.45 shows the panel that is curved so. Rationally that the subsidiary amplifying element is bent outward transversely from edge to edge of the opening up of channels of 192 main reinforcing element, to allow bending of the panel. Naturally, this is possible due to the fact that the auxiliary reinforcing member is not attached to the main reinforcing element in opening up the channels of the main reinforcing element, but only along the top surface or horizontal surfaces 198 contact with the main reinforcing element.

In Fig.42-44 shows the structure 200, an alternative to the design of the panel illustrated in Fig.39 and 40, this alternative design is identical to the structure shown in Fig.39 and 40, but has a top flat sheet element 202, which prisacom, the panel can also be curved, as is illustrated in Fig.45A, where flat sheet elements 186 and 202 shown in dashed lines.

Fig.46 illustrates a seventh variant 204 implementation panel in accordance with the present invention, in which the panel 204 includes upper and lower planar sheets of material, indicated respectively by the reference rooms 206 and 208, the main reinforcing element 210 and the upper and lower auxiliary reinforcing elements designated respectively by the reference numbers 212 and 214. The main reinforcing element is operable up and down the channels 216 a trapezoidal configuration, but the main reinforcing element is not attached directly to the materials of the flat sheets. Instead, the auxiliary reinforcing elements designated respectively by the reference numbers 212 and 214, attached to the main reinforcing element 210 along the horizontal surfaces 218 of the contact between the corresponding elements, and in turn supporting the reinforcing elements are attached to the flat sheet elements along the horizontal surfaces 220 of the contact. Auxiliary reinforcing elements to be identical, but inverted relative to each other so as to provide cosmogram, as described earlier in connection with the description of a variant embodiment of the invention shown in Fig.39 I.

In Fig.47-56 illustrated eighth option 222 implementation of the present invention, in which two parallel flat sheet 224 and 226 are connected to each other via a reinforcing element 228, which has the base reinforcing portion 230 and the auxiliary amplifying part 232, which provide stiffness in the direction transverse with respect to the main part. As best shown in Fig.49 and 50, the main reinforcing portion 230 is an element with grooves, is essentially the same as the main reinforcing element according to Fig.39, and this element is formed by opening up and down the channels 234 with a trapezoidal cross-section. Auxiliary amplifying part 232 are inserted strip similar to that shown in Fig.49, which are adapted for insertion in opening up the channels of the main amplifying part. Each auxiliary reinforcing strip has a configuration in cross section, is essentially identical to the configuration of the cross-section of the main part, but the flat side walls 236 strips which are perpendicular to the channels in basic is Ali in shape converging in the direction down the walls 238 opening up of channels of the main part of the reinforcing element. Accordingly, in the case where the auxiliary reinforcing strip located inside the opening up of channels of the main amplifying part amplifying element has such a structure as is shown in Fig.50, and rationally that the panel has considerable rigidity in both longitudinal and transverse directions, although the possibility of bending the panel to a small extent due to the characteristics of the material of the reinforcing element.

In Fig.51 shows a sheet of material 240 from which the auxiliary amplifying part can be cut and then bent, and rationally that a number of such strips 232 may be cut from the same sheet of material, ensuring their mates.

In Fig.55 and 56 illustrate the property of compressibility panel 222, which is provided by the flexibility of the material of the reinforcing element 228, and rationally that depending on the magnitude of pressure applied to the flat sheet elements 224 and 226, the reinforcing elements will bend with the formation shown shaped configuration, which allows the panel to take shape with a thinner cross-section, which is important PI with they occupy the least possible amount compared with the amount which would fully “extended” panel.

In Fig.57-59 illustrated ninth option 242 implementation panel of the present invention, which includes a bottom flat sheet 244 material and a reinforcing member 246, glued or otherwise attached to the upper surface of the lower flat plate 244 to allow easy bending of the panel in a downward direction, but a reinforcing member prevents the bending of the panel in the upward direction and in the transverse directions. The reinforcing element has channels 248, which in turn opened up and down and have a trapezoidal configuration in cross-section, but the extent of disclosure of each channel is substantially less than a width of the opposite closed side of the same channel. Rationally that it provides the ability to easily bend the panel in a downward direction, but the panel is not so easily bent in the upward direction and is not so easily bent in the transverse direction. A reinforcing member attached to the flat sheet material along the contact surfaces by any suitable method, which may provide ish lines or dots, or, etc.

The tenth option 250 implementation panel, made in accordance with the present invention, illustrated in Fig.60-62. In this embodiment, a flat sheet 252 of material glued or otherwise attached properly located thereon reinforcing element 254, which is similar to the reinforcing element shown in the embodiment illustrated in Fig.58, but which opens up a trapezoidal channels 256 reinforcing element are considerably wider in comparison with an opening down the channels 258. This design provides the opportunity to not only bend in a downward direction, but also a greater bending in the upward direction as compared with the curve, which is permitted in the embodiment shown in Fig.57-59. The bottom is open to impact the surface of the sheet 252, which is a surface directed towards the interior of the premises in which is mounted ceiling construction may be modified due to the presence therein of a continuous layer of elastomeric polymer (not shown). Preferably, if the elastomeric polymer is a thermoplastic or termotorgmash reconomy or neoprene glue, which provides adhesion of decorative films, as described above with reference to Fig.14, is applied to the bottom surface of the sheet 252. The elastomeric polymer allows a significant bending of the panel 250 without the formation of visible lines and fold on the sheet 252. The result can be manufactured panel 250 long length that can be stored and transported in rolled-up form and then roll out and cut to the size required for installation.

Eleventh variant 260 implementation panel in accordance with the present invention is illustrated in Fig.63-65. This is an implementation option is identical to option implementation shown in Fig.57-59, except that the top flat sheet 262 of material attached to the reinforcing element 264 along the upper surface of the reinforcing element in the same way or the same as the bottom sheet material 266 is attached to the lower surface of the reinforcing element. This panel has properties similar to the properties panel, shown in Fig.58, but has a bit more rigidity and better insulating qualities.

Fig.66-68 illustrate a twelfth variant 268 implementation panel, made in accordance with the present izobrajenie accordingly, reference numbers 270 and 272, which is attached to the reinforcing element 274 and separated from each other amplifying element 274 having opening up and down the channels 276 with a trapezoidal cross-sectional configuration. A reinforcing member similar to the reinforcing element according to Fig.58 except that the trapezoidal cross-section slightly enlarged, so that the disclosure of trapezoidal channels as in the direction of up and down, a few more in comparison with the size of the reinforcing element according to Fig.58.

Thirteenth variant 278 implementation panel, made in accordance with the present invention, illustrated in Fig.69-71, this panel has upper and lower planar sheets of material, indicated respectively by the reference numbers 280 and 282, which are connected to each other and separated from each other by a reinforcing element 284. A reinforcing member is essentially identical to the reinforcing element shown in the embodiment according to Fig.60 and 61.

Fig.72-75 illustrate the compressibility panel 268, described previously in connection with the consideration of Fig.66-68, and rationally that, as shown in Fig.73, the panel can be compressed to a small extent without forming the elastic walls usilivaya otnositelno other configuration, is illustrated in Fig.74. The walls will really bend so that the panel can be compressed substantially to provide cost savings in transportation.

Fig.76-79 illustrate the compressibility panel 260, described previously in connection with the consideration of Fig.63-65, while rationally that, as seen in Fig.77, there is a low compression ratio without forming the elastic walls of the reinforcing element 264, however, additional compression panels causes the wall to bend and bend, as shown in Fig.78, so that the panel is significantly thinner and takes up less space inside the transport container.

Fig.80-83 illustrate the sixteenth option 286 implementation panel, made in accordance with the present invention. The panel is very similar to the panel, described previously with reference to Fig.60-62, the fact that it has a lower flat sheet 288 material and a reinforcing member 290 with the opening upwards trapezoidal channels 292, which are separated from each other closed channels 294 triangular shape. Rationally that opening up the channels have a trapezoidal configuration in cross-section, form a space 296 along the upper surface of Wuxi is halogen from edge to edge of the upper surface of the reinforcing element and is held perpendicular to the channels in the reinforcing element to give the panel rigidity in the direction transverse to the direction in which the reinforcing element imparts rigidity to the panel so that the panel attached to the stiffness in the perpendicular directions.

Supporting element 298 may be made of the same material as the flat sheet 288 and a reinforcing member 284, and the support element 298, as shown in Fig.80 has an opening down channel type body with a cross-section in the form of an inverted “U”, which acts in the direction from the reinforcing element and is directed outward protrusions 300, which cut out a lot of reeds 302, bent so that they were held down. As best shown in Fig.82, the cross section of the reeds 302 suitable form essentially to the walls and the space 296 trapezoidal channels in the reinforcing element, so that the tabs 302 provide mechanical connection of the support element with the amplifying element. Therefore, the reference element can be mounted on the reinforcing element by placing the support element perpendicular to the trapezoidal channels and smooth displacement of the support element along the length of the channels as long as he does not take the desired position. As shown in Fig.83, lots of Windows that down supporting elements can be th the rigidity of the panel, so it will have very little flexibility in any perpendicular direction.

If this is to some extent not obvious from the foregoing, it should be noted that the connection between the different elements of the described panels may be provided with an adhesive, by ultrasonic welding, by thermoplasty or using any other acceptable method of connection. Connections formed in those places where the element is in contact with the top or bottom sheet panel or along the peaks formed on the element panel.

From the foregoing it is obvious that was developed advanced control panel, designed for use in suspended ceiling construction, or in other similar applications, which has changed the signs to enable regulation of the flexible panel in the longitudinal or transverse direction, and also to change the compressibility of the panel for transport. Open to impact the surface of the panels according to this invention can also be modified by adding a continuous layer of elastomeric polymer, such as urethane or neoprene tape or glue, as described, as CA is the number of example, in connection with the consideration of the panel of Fig.13. In addition, due to the flexibility of the panels they can be easily inserted into the openings formed by the longitudinal beams and cross-beams hanging support structure, and, since the panels are not fragile, they will not break even in the process of bending them to insert into the supporting structure. Also rationally that in the modification of the outboard panel design can be used for wall building.

Claims

1. A flexible panel that can be folded or bent during insertion into the opening in the support lattice structure of the ceiling of the building, containing at least one first sheet and at least one second sheet, molded in the first amplifying element, which is a three-dimensional body having multiple elongated channels, in which the elongated channels formed between the first sheet and the first amplifying element, and the first sheet and a reinforcing member each made of essentially rigid material capable of bending, and which contains a heat-resistant fiber, interconnected by means of resin.

2. Panel under item 1, in which the first sheet and the forth bending.

3. Panel under item 1 or 2, in which the first sheet is formed in Samooborona body.

4. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, in which the first reinforcing element is a plate with grooves, which are formed oppositely directed elongated channels, with at least some of them are located opposite the first sheet, forming elongated cells between the reinforcing element and the first sheet.

5. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-4, in which at least some of the channels have a trapezoidal cross section in the transverse direction or a triangular cross-section in the transverse direction.

6. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, in which the first reinforcing element attached to the first sheet.

7. Panel on p. 6, in which the first reinforcing element attached to the first sheet using an adhesive, heat sealing or ultrasonic welding.

8. Panel under item 4 or 5, which additionally includes a second amplifying element, which is a plate with grooves, which are formed oppositely directed elongated channels, and the channels of the second reinforcing element have a smaller depth than the channels in the first amplifying element and the second uziliwoh channels in the second amplifying element is located inside the channels of the first amplifying element.

9. The panel p. 8, in which the second reinforcing element is attached to the first reinforcing element.

10. Panel under item 8 or 9, in which a pair of second reinforcing elements with grooves, with one superimposed on the first reinforcing element from the top, and the other is located under the first reinforcing element.

11. The panel p. 10, in which each of the second reinforcing elements attached to the specified first amplifying element.

12. Panel under item 4 or 5, which additionally includes a second reinforcing part having a flat surface extending perpendicular to the channels in the first amplifying element.

13. The panel p. 12, in which the second reinforcing portion has an elongated structure with grooves and configured to insert into one of the channels in the first amplifying element.

14. Panel under item 12 or 13, in which there are many second reinforcing parts, and each second reinforcing portion is inserted into a separate channel of the first amplifying element.

15. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-14, which additionally includes a decorative layer of material attached to the first sheet, a reinforcing member attached to one side of the first sheet of exploring layer is an elastomeric polymer.

17. The panel p. 16, in which the elastomeric polymer is a thermoplastic or termotorgmash polymer film.

18. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-17, in which the amplifying element and the first sheet is made of bendable material.

19. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-18, which contains two of the first sheet and the reinforcing element located between them.

20. Panel on p. 19, in which the two first sheet attached to the reinforcing element.

21. Panel under item 19 or 20, in which a reinforcing member is compressible, allowing compression of the panel by moving one of the first sheets perpendicular to the direction of the other of these first leaves.

22. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.19-21, which contains at least two of these reinforcing elements, each of which is located between the first two sheets to form the set of elongated cells between the reinforcing elements.

23. The panel p. 22, in which the reinforcing elements have an essentially S-shaped cross-section in the transverse direction.

24. The panel p. 22 or 23, in which each of the reinforcing elements is formed from an elongated strip of flat material which has been bent along located at RA is which the strip is bent.

25. The panel p. 24, in which the band, which made each reinforcing element made of elastic material, so that after bending of the bands they remain biased towards a flat position.

26. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.22-25, which can be folded by moving the first sheet toward each other when the displacement of one of the first sheet relative to the other of the first sheet in the transverse direction perpendicular to the direction of length of the reinforcing elements.

27. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-18, which additionally includes at least one supporting element is attached in position to the reinforcing element from the side of the amplifying element, opposite the first sheet, and the supporting element is elongated and is perpendicular to the elongated channels.

28. The panel p. 27, in which the supporting element is mechanically attached to the reinforcing element.

29. The panel p. 28, in which the reference element contains the tabs made with the possibility of entering into the channels of the reinforcing element for mechanically attaching the support element to the reinforcement element.

30. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.27-29, in which the supporting element further comprises a body in victorai supporting element further comprises protrusions, made with the possibility of pressure on the reinforcing element.

32. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.27-31, in which at least one supporting element and a reinforcing member made from the same material.

33. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.27-32, which includes a set of reference elements.

34. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-33, in which the material of the first sheet and the first reinforcing member is a nonwoven material made of heat-resistant fibers, bonded together using moldable when heated, cured polymer binder or a binder of thermosetting resin.

35. The panel p. 34, in which the first sheet, and a reinforcing member contain fiberglass, sealed in resin.

36. The panel p. 35, in which said first sheet is made of glass fibers, embedded in acrylic resin.

37. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.35-36, in which the length of the optical fibers in the first sheet is in the range from one quarter inch to one inch.

38. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.35-37, in which the thickness of the optical fibers in the first sheet is in the range of 7-100 μm.

39. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.35-38, in which the first reinforcing element made of the same resin and glass fibers, the first sheet.

40. Poroi first sheet formed in the compressible body.

42. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-39, in which the first sheet is formed in the stacked body.

43. Panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-42, which is built into the ceiling of the building.

44. Ceiling construction, comprising in combination a supporting structure, with many perpendicular support elements, between which are formed the openings, and the supporting elements are designed to provide support to panels for ceiling openings, and a ceiling panel in each of these openings according to any one of paragraphs.1-43.

45. A method of manufacturing a panel according to any one of paragraphs.1-43, which includes the operation of forming the first sheet in a three-dimensional body having multiple elongated channels.

46. The method according to p. 45, which includes the additional step of attaching the first reinforcing element to the first sheet, preferably by gluing, heat sealing or ultrasonic welding.

 

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FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for production of multilayer structural material includes mould filling, subsequent supply of layer materials, moulding, soaking, withdrawal from mould. At the same time serial filling of layer materials is carried out through placement of basalt cloth layers impregnated with epoxide resin onto mould bottom, placement of foam polyurethane layer onto layers of basalt-plastic with further laying of basalt cloth layers impregnated with epoxide resin onto foam polyurethane layer, with intermediate arrangement of carbon threads in between. Ends of carbon threads are taken outside. Moulding and soaking of all layers is carried out simultaneously in process of heating up to temperature of 60°C and pressure of 0.5-1.0 MPa until resin hardens. At the same time ratio of foam polyurethane layer thickness to basalt-plastic layer thickness makes 20-80:0.5-1.5.

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FIELD: construction.

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