Complex for the extraction and processing of sapropel

 

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in the extraction and processing of sapropel on fertilizer. Complex for the extraction and processing of sapropel includes vehicle is driven move, priming pump, suction pipe, discharge pipe, a device for processing of sapropel. The drive movement of the craft is made in the form posted on the waterfront double-drum winch, kinematically connected with craft two ropes attached by their ends on opposite sides of the craft. One rope is placed with the possibility of rounding deflecting unit, fixed on the opposite side of the winch side. Priming the pump is placed in a sealed capsule, mounted on the lower end of a hollow vertically oriented rod, which is installed in the guide boats with displacement and kinematically connected with the drive, made in the form attached to the barbell rack and interacting with it in gear with the possibility of transferring torque from the gear drive with brake. Discharge pipe made in the form of interconnected placed inside a hollow symptom on the waterfront. The length of the floating section of the hose is greater than the width of the productive zone of the reservoir, and technological complex for processing of sapropel made in the form placed sequentially hopper drive with screw feeder and blower dosing device for hygroscopic dehydration sapropel and mixer with a possibility of it organic or mineral filler, of a hopper with a screw razgruzhatel and warehouse fertilizers. The invention allows to simplify and cheapen the process of extraction and processing of sapropel, to provide the most comprehensive and environmentally friendly mining sapropel. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 7 Il.

The invention relates to methods and devices for production and processing of sapropel on fertilizer.

A method of obtaining sapropel concentrate, including the use of boats with groundwater pump and suction pipe, discharge pipe, a complex for processing of sapropel (U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2127713, CL 6 C 05 F 7/00, E 21 50/00, 1999).

However, the disadvantages of this method are the inability accurate fixing of the suction pipe in all three coordinates, which makes it almost impossible task for most who are providing accurate fixing of the suction pipe of an underground pump in all three coordinates in space of the reservoir and its depth; simplification of the craft and technological resources on its movement within the reservoir.

The tasks are solved due to the fact that in the complex for the extraction and processing of sapropel, including the craft with a drive of its movement, water pump, suction pipe, discharge pipe, a device for processing of sapropel, the actuator moving the boats made in the form posted on the waterfront double-drum winch, kinematically connected with craft two ropes attached by their ends on opposite sides of the craft, with one rope placed with the possibility of rounding deflecting unit, fixed on the opposite side of the winch side, priming the pump is placed in a sealed capsule, mounted on the lower end of a hollow vertically oriented rod, which is installed in the guide boats with displacement and kinematically connected with the drive, made in the form attached to the barbell rack and interacting with it in gear with the possibility of transferring torque from the gear drive with the brake pressure pipe made in the form of interconnected posted by dinenage with the sump on the waterfront, the length of the floating section of the hose adopted more of the width of the productive zone of the reservoir, and technological complex for processing of sapropel made in the form placed sequentially hopper drive with screw feeder and blower dosing device for hygroscopic dehydration sapropel and mixer, with a possibility of it organic or mineral filler, of a hopper with a screw razgruzhatel and warehouse fertilizer.

The deflecting unit can be mounted on the opposite side of the winch the waterfront. The deflecting unit can be mounted on a barrel, fixed on the surface of the reservoir with the anchoring device. The craft can be made of two connected deck flooring sealed pipe floats, plugged the ends, lids fairings. The bar can be placed between the pipe floats.

Complex for the extraction and processing of sapropel shown in Fig.1 - scheme of the extraction of sapropel from the reservoir, the side view of Fig.2 is a plan of Fig.1; Fig.3 - accommodation deflecting unit; Fig.4 - drive movement of the rod; Fig.5 is a view of the Fig.1; Fig.6 - section b-B in Fig.4; Fig.7 is a flow chart of processing of sapropel.

To maticnih pipe floats 2, plugged the ends caps-fairing 3. On deck flooring 1 between the pipes-floats 2 in rails 4 with a possibility of displacement in a vertical plane mounted hollow rod 5. The lower part of the rod 5 is connected with a sealed capsule 6 has a cylindrical shape, inside water pump 7 vertical type. Capsule 6 protruding from her suction inlet 8 of the soil pump 7 is located within the volume, bounded on the sides and top of the box 9 of the U-shape. The box 9 is mounted on the rod 5 and is oriented coaxially with the craft.

Craft two ropes 10 and 11 kinematically connected with a double-drum winch 12, placed on the Bank 13 of the reservoir 14. When the rope 10 and the winch 12 is connected directly, and the rope 11 is additionally around the deflecting unit 15.

Deflecting unit 15 may be mounted on the opposite side of the winch 12 Bank 16 of the reservoir 14.

Deflecting unit 15 may be mounted on the barrel 17, fixed on the surface of the reservoir 14 with the anchor device 18.

Inside the hollow rod 5 is placed fixed on her discharge pipelines made of steel pipes 19, and outside of the rod 5 is in the form of a flexible hose 20. The hose 20 nagnetatelno pipe - hose 20 is adopted by more than the width of the productive zone of the reservoir 14.

The rod 5 is supplied oriented along the rail 22 with the possibility of its interaction with the toothed wheel 23 of the actuator, consisting of a reduction gear 24, the motor 25 and the brake 26. The actuator may be hydraulic or even manual.

The rod 5 is also equipped with a pointer 27 the depth of immersion of the capsule 6, ground pump 7.

The discharge line (plot 20) is connected to the sump 28.

From sump pump 28 29 pulp is pumped (30) in the storage hopper 31. Under the storage hopper has a screw feeder 32 with adjustable actuator 33 and slot dispenser 34 with a possibility of sapropel on the device 35 for hygroscopic dehydration sapropel. The device 35 for dehydration sapropel is supplied by a gravity chute 36 for water drainage, sump 37 for its collection and water pump 38 with a pipe 39 to reset the water in the reservoir 14.

Technological scheme of processing of sapropel also includes the stock of consumable filler 40, organic or inorganic (sawdust, peat and others), the device 41 for supplying and controlling the flow of filler, conveyor 42 for conveying the filler, mixer 43 (for example, bioupravleniya motor ground pump 7 is placed together with the pressure pipe on sections 19 and 20 (not shown).

48 - developed sapropel deposits.

Complex for the extraction and processing of sapropel operates as follows. Deflecting unit 15 on the banks of 16 or barrel 17 with the deflecting unit 15 installed in accordance with the adopted development plan sapropel deposits 48. Using the winch 12 boats moved to the desired position of the reservoir 14. When enabled, the drive motor 25 and the gear 23 engages with rail 22, thereby the rod 5 with the capsule 6, the soil pump 7 and the duct 9 is immersed on the planned depth of the reservoir 14. Depth is controlled by the pointer 27. The fixation rod 5 in a predetermined position is performed by the brake 26.

When turning on the soil of the pump 7 sapropel 48 captured through the suction nozzle 8, sections 19 and 20 of the injection pipe is transported to the sump 28. Due to the presence of ducts 9 of the U-shape is limited to the capture of clean water from the reservoir 14.

In the sump 28 may be submitted (in the development of sapropel colloidal structure reagent 49.

From sump 28 pulponasosnoj 29 sapropelites slurry 30 is transported in the storage hopper 31, where a screw feeder 32 through a slit dispenser 34 pulp is fed to the endless belt device BOM from the pulp is removed up to 60% of water.

Sapropel with more than halved water content is sent to the mixer 43. In the same mixer 43 through the conveyor 42 is fed dry filler (for example, sawdust, peat), which is on the conveyor 42 from a supply warehouse 40 downloaded through the device 41.

After mixing sapropel with filler in the mixer 43 finished product (fertilizer) is fed into the hopper 44 from which a screw unloader 45 is discharged to the conveyor 46, which is transported to the warehouse 47 fertilizers.

The mass ratio of sapropel and filler is regulated by the device 41 (namely, the quantity supplied on the conveyor 42 of the filler) and the frequency of rotation of the shaft of screw unloader 32 with the actuator 33 (change the number of sapropel).

Remote from sapropel water (up to 60% of the original weight of the pulp) of the chute 36 is directed by gravity into the sump 37, where the water pump 39 is returned to the reservoir 14. Our studies revealed that remote from sapropel water (hygroscopic way) almost pure, uncomplicated particles sapropel. Therefore, the ecological situation in the reservoir 14 is not affected.

Development of sapropel 48 may be any scheme. This contributes to vozmojnostiami (width and length of the reservoir when changing the position of the deflecting unit 15 and the change of position of the craft with the help of the winch 12) and in the vertical plane (due to displacement of the rod 5 by means of a rack actuator 22, 23).

This ensures the most complete testing of sapropel deposits without breaking unproductive areas of the reservoir 14.

Control zone fence sapropel 48 box 9 allows initially significantly limit the capture of clean water from the reservoir, which reduces energy and material intensity of production and processing of sapropel.

Use as drive boats with groundwater pump 7 double-drum winch 12 with traction ropes 10 and 11 advanced greatly simplifies and cheapens the process of moving boats.

The design of the craft in the form of a catamaran of two muted 3 of the pipe 2 and the deck 1 simplifies and cheapens the very craft, facilitates manipulation of the capsule 6, ground pump 7.

Features of the invention allow to simplify and cheapen the process of extraction and processing of sapropel, to provide the most comprehensive and environmentally friendly mining sapropel, to accelerate the commissioning of the complex, provided a relatively simple and simple technical means, including in their manufacture.

Claims

1. Complex for the extraction and processing of sapropel, including PL is trojstvo for processing of sapropel, characterized in that the actuator can move the boats made in the form posted on the waterfront double-drum winch, kinematically connected with craft two ropes attached by their ends on opposite sides of the craft, with one rope placed with the possibility of rounding deflecting unit, fixed on the opposite side of the winch side, priming the pump is placed in a sealed capsule, mounted on the lower end of a hollow vertically oriented rod, which is installed in the guide boats with displacement and kinematically connected with the actuator, made in the form attached to the barbell rack and interacting with it in gear with the possibility of transferring torque from the gear drive with the brake pressure pipe made in the form of interconnected placed inside the hollow rod of the rigid portion and the flexible hose with floats, placed on the surface of the reservoir and connected to the sump on the waterfront, the length of the floating section of the hose adopted more of the width of the productive zone of the reservoir, and technological complex for processing of sapropel made in the form of posted th is messagepane sapropel and mixer, with a possibility of it organic or mineral filler, of a hopper with a screw razgruzhatel and warehouse fertilizer.

2. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the deflecting unit is installed on the opposite side of the winch the waterfront.

3. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the deflecting unit is installed on a barrel, fixed on the surface of the reservoir with the anchoring device.

4. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the craft is made of two connected deck flooring sealed pipe floats, plugged the ends, lids fairings.

5. Complex p. 1, characterized in that the rod is placed between the pipe floats.

 

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SUBSTANCE: method involves preliminarily drying basic product in horizontal rotating drum type furnace; separating foreign matter on sorting machine; grinding; introducing additive; mixing and granulating in extruder press. Drying in horizontal rotating furnace is performed at temperature below 2400C. Additive is potassium gum with emulsifier, which is introduced in an amount providing molding moisture content of sapropel mass of up to 18-24%.

EFFECT: provision for producing of fertilizer with homogeneous granules having stabilized sizes and kept properties of sapropel.

1 dwg

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