A method of manufacturing a booklet, booklet, produced according to the method, and a booklet

 

A method of manufacturing a booklet, such as ID (UD), consists of several sheets of paper (4) and the material for the cover (3), and each sheet has front and back sides, each side contains two pages, which are connected to each other, the sheets of paper along the line between pages, attach the material to cover the outside of the booklet and fold the sheets of paper to form the spine of the booklet. Next attach inside the booklet of the band (2) which can be attached in the booklet in the same way that fasten together sheets of paper. Mechanically attach the plate (1) to the strip, and plate is made at least partially of synthetic material and has front and back sides, each side contains one page, while the mechanical attachment of the plate to perform constant and is realized by means of the clamping/fastening. This provides a greater level of protection against forgery of this booklet, as ID. 2 N. and 12 C.p. f-crystals, 10 ill.

The invention relates to a method of manufacturing a booklet, such as, for example, ID (UD), and the booklet has several ve pages and in a way are connected to each other, the sheets of paper along the line between pages, attach the material to cover the outside of the booklet and fold the sheets of paper to form the spine of the booklet. The invention particularly relates to a method for permanently attach rigid material in the form of a plate or set of materials (laminates), at least partially consisting of synthetic material, for booklet.

When produce passports or other identification documents (UD) in the form of books, booklets for recording medical data and the like, in some cases, relatively rigid material in the form of a plate or a laminated material permanently attached to the booklet. The usual method of manufacture of these booklets is that the sheets of paper, on which both sides printed, so that each side contains two pages, stack one on top of another in an appropriate manner and in the appropriate amount for education booklet, and that the sheets are connected to each other, for example, stitch their threads or fasten with staples along the line between pages. After connecting the material for the cover is attached on the outside of the booklet, for example, glued and bend for the formation of the crust of agnati. In a known type of ID (UD) typically use one page for entering owner information (such as name, address, date of birth, registration number, photograph and signature on the passport) and data about the document itself (such as the authority issuing the document, the document number, date of issue, expiration date). The so-called page owner must meet certain requirements. The data should be placed for a long time, so that they are not deposited harm when used. To prevent illegal use by forgery, should be able to easily change the data. The result of the development of information technology is the advantage that data can be read automatically. To this end, for example, passports signed the international agreement on the nature of data that must be recorded, and the locations where these data are available. Page owner attached to the page in the booklet or on the inside cover.

In order to meet the requirements of an additional level of protection against fraud and to be able to use the latest achievements in the field of data storage and data transmission, an attempt was made to use at least partially made of synthetic material, for data storage can also be provided with a magnetic stripe, integrated electronic circuit (IC or integrated circuit), which is provided with contacts or antenna layer for data storage, optical character recognition, bar or dot code, or combinations of these media. As for reading these data storage and protection from exposure during use (fold, fold) they have to be used on or in the material, which is much more smooth, more cruel, and (in the case of IP) has a greater thickness than paper pages in the passport. In addition, cards, made of synthetic material, can be equipped with a visual reading of the texts and images that are thus better protected against forgery, than by placing them on paper. So it makes sense that such a card, made of synthetic material, can be attached to the booklet. However, the card cannot be attached to the printed pages in the passport the same way that paper pages attached to each other, because they can't be sewn threads, bonded brackets and bent. A known solution is to Olseni material can be bent much more.

However, this is not a good solution, because the flashing thread, bond brackets and bend can result in weakening, so that the gap or destruction may occur too early. Due to the fact that the synthetic material is still much more cruel than paper, an additional disadvantage is that the booklet may not be closed.

The technical task of the present invention is to provide a method of manufacturing a booklet, such as ID (UD), in order to overcome the disadvantages of the known prior art.

To solve this technical problem in accordance with the present invention in the above-mentioned method further attached to the booklet strip that can be attached to the booklet in such a way that fasten together sheets of paper, and mechanically attach the plate to the strip, and plate is made at least partially of synthetic material and has front and back sides, each side contains one page. In accordance with the method according to the invention the plate is fastened to a strip of material that is actually useful in order to flash it along boucle is the scope of the plates and strips are inserted into a stack of pages, which should be stitched, and after flashing plate attached to the booklet. Instead of inserting a set of plates and strips, you can only insert the strip and fasten it in the booklet by flashing. Then the plate is also attached to the booklet. The connection between the plate and the strip of mechanical type, which allows almost complete freedom of choice of the material of both parts. It differs from the connection of physical and/or chemical type, such as adhesive bonding or connection through joint fusion. In the latter cases, the materials must at least come to each other in order to be able to connect them. Freedom of choice of material plays an important role, because some of the desired properties of the plates and strips contradict each other.

In a preferred variant of the method of mechanical connection is carried out by clamping/fastening, performing in the band of perforated holes, run a synthetic strip with the tabs in place, with synthetic stripes feature on one side of the strip, and plate on the other side, and the tabs on the place strips chemical or physical way connected with the plate. As variations which, perform synthetic strip and the plate is provided with projections at the place, with synthetic stripes feature on one side of the strip, and plate on the other side, and the tabs on the seat plate by chemical or physical way connected with the strip.

Despite the fact that strip and plate mechanically attached to each other, it is preferable that the material of the plate, and the material of the strip, contained the same source material, and the connection between them was carried out by joint fusion. Alternatively, the connection between the plate and the strip is carried out by gluing them to each other. This connection technology enables the use of the materials for plates and strips, which are made of different materials.

In a further preferred variant of the method in accordance with the invention, mechanical fastening is carried out by clamp circuit, which performs in the band perforated holes, perform its synthetic strip and causing the strip to place a certain amount of glue, and synthetic stripe feature on one side of the strip, and plate come with the eat in perforated hole plate and the plastic strip. Alternatively, a mechanical attachment carry out so that they perform in a strip of perforated holes, perform synthetic strip and put on a plate with a certain amount of glue around the place, with synthetic stripes feature on one side of the strip, and plate have on the other hand, and at least partially filled with adhesive perforated holes in the band, connect the glue in perforated hole plate and the plastic strip.

In addition, the technical problem is solved by creating a booklet, such as ID (UD), made in accordance with the method according to the invention.

Additionally, the technical problem is solved due to the fact that the booklet, such as ID (UD), with several sheets of paper and material for the cover, each sheet has front and back sides, and each side contains two pages, and the paper sheets are connected to each other along a line between pages, the material for the cover is attached on the outside of the booklet, the paper sheets are bent to form the spine of the booklet, according to the invention is further provided with a strip, which is attached to the booklet in the same way, how prikreplennymi at least partially of synthetic material and has a front and back, each side contains one page.

Description method and booklet in accordance with the invention is given based on the example and the attached drawings, in which:

Fig.1 depicts a booklet such as a passport in accordance with the invention in expanded form;

Fig.2 is a cross section, perpendicular to the line AB, which is connected to the booklet;

Fig.3 - the connection between the plate of synthetic material and a strip of synthetic material, in which Fig.3A shows the position before connection, and Fig.3b shows the position after the connection is made;

Fig.4 is another variant of the method in accordance with the invention, in which Fig.4A shows the position before connection, and Fig.4b shows the position after the connection is made;

Fig.5 and 6 are enlarged sections of the strips and strips with punched holes and ledges in place, respectively; and

Fig.7 is another variant of the method in accordance with the invention, in which Fig.7a shows the position before connection, and Fig.7b shows the position after the connection is made.

In Fig.1 depicts a booklet, in this case, the passport, in accordance with the present invention. B polycarbonate film, where the page owner. Page owner supplied texts, photo, passport and signature, preferably written with a laser. The combination of the source material and the method of writing gives good protection against forgery. The booklet further comprises a strip 2 made, for example, of synthetic material, which is suitable in order to flash it, and who can resist frequent bending; preferably made of polypropylene. The strip 2 is attached to the layered material 1 and by flashing along the line AB is connected with the other 4 pages booklet. In addition, the booklet provided with a cover 3.

The thickness of the synthetic layered material 1 is preferably from about 0.25 mm to about 0,90 mm, and in particular 0,760,08 mm Thick synthetic strip is from about 0.10 mm to about 0.40 mm Other possible raw materials for synthetic layered material 1 are polyvinyl chloride, Acrylonitrile butadienestyrene, pretender.flac and copolyester PETG. For strip 2 in addition to the polypropylene can be used all materials that meet the required properties of strength and Ki the tours.

In Fig.2 and 5 shows the position in which the inner page 6 cover, synthetic band 2 and other pages of the passport 4 are connected to each other by a thread. Outer cover made of a binding material and attached to the inner page 6, for example, glue.

In accordance with the invention, the mechanical connection is made by the strip 8 (Fig.3A and 3b) which is provided with ledges on the site (10). These protrusions 10 fitted to the perforated holes 9, which are made in synthetic strip 2. The protrusions 10 and the perforated holes 9 are preferably round or oval (see Fig.5 and 6). The height of the projections 10 is equal to the thickness of the synthetic strip 2. Surfaces a and b (Fig.3 and 4) are the places where the connection between the strip 8 and the layered material 1 by gluing them to each other or joint fusion. In Fig.3b, the place made the connection shown by dot line 11.

In Fig.4 shows another embodiment of the method and booklet in accordance with the invention, in which a portion, whose thickness is equal to the thickness of the strip 2 and strip 8, is removed by the milling of synthetic layered material 1. Outer sides of the projections 10 strips 8 have OSCI 8 is preferably the same, that layered material 1, so that the connection can be made through their joint fusion, for example, by ultrasonic welding. Alternatively, for the strips 8 may be used other material, but then it should be suitable for the communication with the layered material 1 in a different way, for example, by bonding with each other.

In accordance with the described method it is not necessary to directly connect the physical or chemical means between the strip 2 and the layered material 1 in order to fasten the two parts one from the other.

Fig.5 and 6 are enlarged drawings of sections of strip 2 and strip 8 having perforated openings 9 and the tabs on the seat 10, respectively. It should be clear that the tabs alternative can be placed on the layered material 1. Thus, a mechanical connection in the case shown clamp circuit strip 2 and the layered material 1.

Instead, to provide a laminate or synthetic strip 8 lugs 10, the mechanical connection between the strip 2 and the layered material 1 can also be implemented by applying a determined amount of glue on the seat (12) layered on apolnet perforated openings 9.

In Fig.7 shows an embodiment of a method and a booklet in accordance with the invention, in which the portion equal to the thickness of the strip 2 and strip 8, is removed by the milling of synthetic layered material 1. The strip 8 has a thickness, the value of which is in the range from one to two thicknesses of the strip 2. The material of the strip 8 and the layered material may be the same or different, but in both cases they should come to have adhesion to resin 12 in the perforated holes. Glue in perforated holes must have sufficient mechanical strength and tensile strength after drying and/or curing.

Claims

1. A method of manufacturing a booklet, such as ID (UD), with several sheets of paper (4) and the material for the cover (3), and each sheet has a front and a reverse side, each side contains two pages, which are connected to each other, the sheets of paper along the line between pages, attach the material to cover the outside of the booklet, and bend the sheets of paper to form the spine of the booklet, characterized in that it further attached inside the booklet of the band (2) which can be attached in bwcl is e, the plate is made at least partially of synthetic material and has a front and a reverse side, each side contains one page, while the mechanical attachment of the plate to perform constant and is realized by means of the clamping/fastening.

2. The method according to p. 1, wherein the mechanical attachment is carried out by performing in a strip of perforated holes (9), perform synthetic strips (8) with local projections (10) with synthetic stripes feature on one side of the strip, and plate have on the other hand, and local protrusions strips chemical or physical way connected with the plate.

3. The method according to p. 1, wherein the mechanical attachment is carried out by performing in a strip of perforated holes, run synthetic strips and run plate with local projections, with synthetic stripes feature on one side of the strip, and plate have on the other hand, and local protrusions of the plate chemical or physical way connected with the strip.

4. The method according to p. 1, wherein the mechanical attachment is implemented by violleta adhesive (12) in place on the plastic strip, with synthetic stripes feature on one side of the strip, and plate have on the other side of the strip, and the adhesive at least partially fills the punched holes in the strip, and glue in perforated holes of the connecting plate and the plastic strip.

5. The method according to p. 1, wherein the mechanical attachment is carried out by performing in a strip of perforated holes (9), perform synthetic strips (8), applying a certain amount of glue (12) in place on the plate, with synthetic stripes feature on one side of the strip, and plate have on the other side of the strip, and the adhesive at least partially fills the punched holes in the strip and glue in perforated holes connects the plate and the plastic strip.

6. The method according to p. 2 or 3, characterized in that the material of the plate, and the material of the strip, contain the same source material, and that the connection between them is carried out by their joint fusion.

7. The method according to p. 2 or 3, characterized in that the plate and strip connected by gluing them together.

8. The booklet, such as the identity lichnostno, each side contains two pages, the paper sheets are connected to each other along a line between pages, the material for the cover is attached on the outside of the booklet, the paper sheets are bent to form the spine of the booklet, characterized in that the booklet has an additional strip (2), which is attached inside of the booklet in the same way attached to each other, the sheets of paper, and the plate (1), and the plate is mechanically attached to the band, when this plate is made at least partially of synthetic material and has a front and back side, each side contains one page, and the mechanical attachment to the band is made constant by clamping/fastening.

9. Booklet on p. 8, characterized in that the strip is made of perforated holes (9), and the booklet has an additional synthetic strip (8), with local protrusions (10), while synthetic strip is located on one side of the strip, and plate located on the other side, and local protrusions strips chemical or physical way connected with the plate.

10. Booklet on p. 8, characterized in that the strip is made of perforated holes, and the booklet dopolnjena from one side of the strip, and the plate is located on the other side, and local protrusions of the plate chemical or physical way connected with the strip.

11. The booklet under item 9 or 10, characterized in that the material of the plate, and the material of the strip, contain the same source material, and they are interconnected by a joint fusion.

12. The booklet under item 9 or 10, characterized in that the plate and strip made from different raw materials, and they are glued to each other.

13. Booklet on p. 8, characterized in that the strip is made of perforated holes (9), the booklet has an additional synthetic strip (8), and certain quantities of the adhesive (12) is applied in place on the plastic strip, plastic strip is placed on one side of the strip, and plate located on the other side, the adhesive at least partially fills the punched holes in the strip, and glue in perforated holes connects the plate and the plastic strip.

14. Booklet on p. 8, characterized in that the strip is made of perforated holes (9), the booklet has an additional synthetic strip (8), and certain quantities of the adhesive (12) is applied to the location on the Plaza is at least partially fills the perforated holes in the band, and glue in perforated holes connects the plate and the plastic strip.

 

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3 cl, 25 dwg

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