Mechanical heat source
The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used to heat water and produce steam. The objective of the invention is the provision of effective heat water and produce steam without the use of traditional coolants. The task is achieved by the fact that within a split housing having inlet pipe for cold water inlet, an annular nozzle for collecting hot water and steam and an outlet for exit of hot water and steam are passive disk installed in the upper part of the housing and leading to the high-speed rotation, fixed on the shaft of the active volume, working surface which may be flat, conical or spherical, smooth or with channels of different cross-section and form an open-ended cavity with a circular hole with access to the annular sleeve. When the water passes through an open cavity with subsequent output through a circular hole in a circular pipe with a speed of up to 95 meters per second, up to 110 meters per second and more than 110 meters per second is accordingly hot water temperature up to 100°C, steam and superheated steam. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 26 ill.The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used in the business of pumps, using the changes in physical and mechanical properties of water, in particular the pressure, volume, and speed to produce heat.For example, the heat pump on and.with. The USSR 458691. But the downside of it is very high working pressure up to 1000 bar developed in the body, which requires a high-strength body parts installation, valves, etc. that leads to significant financial costs and dangerous for heating of residential premises.As a prototype of the selected heat source, RF patent №2084773, comprising a casing, inlet pipe, an annular nozzle, which goes into the outlet, active disk, supported through the shaft on the bearing unit, placed on a support. The disadvantage of the prototype is high enough efficiency and decrease when the power of the device.The objective of the invention is the provision of effective heat water and produce steam, without the use of traditional coolants, simplifying the design, ensuring high efficiency, reducing energy costs.The invention consists in that in the heat, consisting of a casing, inlet pipe, an annular pipe, rolling in the output PE disk supported through the shaft on the bearing unit, enclosed in the support discs create an open cavity with the formation of circular holes, rolling in a circular pipe. The drive can be flat, conical or spherical surfaces, and the working surfaces of the disks, forming an open cavity filled channels triangular, polygonal, spherical or complex cross-section located radially at any angle to the circumference of the disk or curvilinear.In Fig.1 and 2 shows a diagram of the device of teplogeneratora; Fig.3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 shows a possible shape of working surfaces of the active and passive ROM of Fig.19, 20, 21 and 22 shows a possible cross-section of the channels of Fig.23, 24 and 25 shows the possible location of channels on the active and passive disks.The heat source (Fig.1), consists of a split casing containing inlet pipe 1 for cold water supply, an annular socket 2 for the reception and direction of hot water and steam at the outlet 3, which serves to drain hot water or steam, bearing 4 bearing, passive ROM 5; active disk 6, mounted on a shaft 7, which rests on the bearing unit 8 and is in high speed, the hull, having a Central hole, the same diameter with the inner diameter of the inlet pipe 1 for the passage of cold water, and active disk 6 may be forming an open cavity 9 flat (Fig.3, 10), conical (Fig.4, 5, 11, 12, 13, 14) or spherical (Fig.6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 16. 17, 18) working surfaces, smooth or with channels 10 triangular (Fig.19), polygonal (Fig.20), spherical (Fig.21) or complex (Fig.22) section located radially (Fig.23), at any angle to the circumference of the disk (Fig.24) or curvilinear (Fig.25), and arranged between them in the heat in any combination of the above structures, if the condition H>h (Fig.26), with the formation of circular holes 11 passing into the annular nozzle 2.The generator works as follows. When high-speed rotation of the active drive 6 cold water, entering through the inlet 1 into the cavity 9, under the action of centrifugal force at high speed out of the cavity 9 through the circular hole 11 in the annular nozzle 2, while channel 10 is formed by a vacuum.In moments of passage of water through the sections of the cavity 9, the mating with the channels 10, the speed of 80-95 meters per second, on the borders of zones of high pressure and vacuum, and according to the s zone reaches very high values, which leads to the heating of the water by the time we reach it through a circular opening in the annular sleeve 2 to 100C. by increasing the rate of passage of water through the cavity 9 from 95 to 110 feet per second water completely vaporize at higher speeds is obtained superheated steam.Of an annular nozzle 2 having hot water or steam through the outlet 3 are received respectively in the system of hot water supply, heating, steam supply.The layout of the heat generator can be both horizontal and vertical, with the upper or lower position of the actuator.Produced by pressure of water in the annular nozzle allows the heat source to perform the functions of the circulation pump.The advantages of the proposed boiler is a simple design consisting of a single unit and removing the need for a pump that creates a compression of the working environment, as the compression is provided by the boiler design; the absence of accelerating and braking devices, because the necessary pressure, speed and temperature are created directly by the heat source; the universality of the heat source, allowing the use of his invention is made of a heat source with a speed of up to 13 000 per minute. This generator includes an inlet pipe with a diameter of 70 mm, conical passive smooth disk with a diameter of 210 mm, flat active disk with a diameter of 210 mm with sloping spaced channels in the amount of 18 pieces, rectangular cross-section height of 3 mm and a width of 1 mm. The expected design parameters of the produced heat source: at 10,000 revolutions per minute of water is heated to 100C and above; at speeds in excess of 10,000 revolutions per minute, is the vaporization temperature of steam above 100With; the performance of the heat consumed by the water at 10,000 revolutions per minute is 1.0 cubic meter per minute. Power consumption 12 kW.
Claims1. Mechanical heat source consists of a casing, inlet pipe, an annular nozzle, passing into the outlet, passive disk mounted in the upper part of the body or made integral with the housing, the active disk supported through the shaft on the bearing unit, enclosed in a bearing, and the drive to create an open cavity with the formation of circular holes, perehodjashee is s or spherical surfaces.3. Heat under item 1, characterized in that the working surfaces of the disks, forming an open cavity filled channels triangular, polygonal, spherical or complex cross-sections, arranged radially, at any angle to the circumference of the disk or curved.
FIELD: low-power engineering, applicable as a component of windmills for production of heated water in houses not provided with centralized hot water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the friction heater has a tank with heated liquid, fixed and rotary disks coupled to the drive shaft for joint axial motion, and a propeller with the working force in the direction of the disks are installed in the tank. The novelty in the offered heater is the installation of additional fixed and rotary disks, the propeller is fastened on the drive shaft, and each of the rotary disks is installed between two fixed disks, and a float located above the propeller for rotation relative to the drive shaft and for axial motion on the latter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heater operation at the same rotary speed of the drive shaft.
FIELD: cavitation and vortex heat generators; heating liquids in various hydraulic systems; activation of mixing, dispersion and chemical interaction processes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydrodynamic heat generator is provided with liquid accelerator made in form of bladed impeller at guaranteed small clearance; it is mounted in circular bush provided with tangential passages located over periphery and used for connecting the peripheral surface of impeller with vortex cylindrical chambers found in bush through longitudinal slots in their lateral surfaces. Mounted at outlet of cylindrical vortex chambers are accelerating packings extending to braking chamber where cavity resonators are arranged. Bladed impellers may be of different types: open or closed-type centrifugal impellers at angle more than 90 deg. and centrifugal vortex impellers; vortex and braking chambers may be also made in different versions.
EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.
15 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises generator of heat energy and system for supplying heat to a consumer, which are interconnected through the supplying and discharging pipelines forming a closed contour. The contour has a net pump and at least one recirculation pipeline which receives at least one member provided with a converging pipe, diverging pipe, and one ring groove made between the diverging and converging pipes. The method of operation of the heating device comprises pumping the heat-transfer agent in the contour comprising at least one member with converging and diverging pipes. The heat-transfer agent is pumped under pressure which excludes the onset of cavitation in the heat-transfer agent flow.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
16 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; heating systems; water heating systems, public services, agricultural sector and transport facilities.
SUBSTANCE: steam from electric steam generator is delivered to jet apparatus nozzle where it is mixed with cold liquid flow for forming two-phase flow at acceleration to supersonic velocity. At mixing chamber outlet, this two-phase flow is decelerated for forming shock wave and converting the flow into liquid flow after shock wave. Then, flow is divided and one part is directed to heat exchanger of vortex tube where it is heated and directed for replenishment of electric steam generator. Other part is directed to nozzle apparatus where it is accelerated to supersonic velocity for forming two-phase flow, after which it is decelerated for converting it into liquid flow saturated with micro-bubble component. Nozzle apparatus outlet is connected with swirler inlet where vortex flow is formed; from swirler, flow is directed to vortex tube where heat is released and flow is divided into hot and cold components. From vortex tube, flow is directed to heat exchanger for transfer of heat to second loop; cooled liquid flow is directed to ejector inlet.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of plant.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises high-pressure pump, hydraulic motor, and safety device which are arranged in the tank under the level of fluid. The delivery space of the high-pressure pump is connected with the supplying passage of the hydraulic motor through the high-pressure pipeline which is made of a cylindrical coil whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the longitudinal axes of the housing, diffuser of the resonance vibrations , and ring made of a trancated cone. The discharging passage of the hydraulic motor is connected through the a pipeline with the sprayer whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the axes of the deflector and head, longitudinal axis of the diffuser, longitudinal axis of the ring, and longitudinal axis of the magnetostriction emitter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device for heating water comprises heat generator of pump type, which consists of housing that have cylindrical section and receives at least one member for acceleration of fluid flow made of working wheel composed of two disks which allow the working wheel to be set in rotation and disk made of a flat ring secured inside the cylindrical section of the housing in the zone of rotation of working wheel coaxially to it, one member for decelerating fluid flow made of a conical straightener, and heat exchange system connected with the delivery branch pipe and the pump. The disks of the working wheel define nozzles arranged closer to its face. The working wheel and unmovable disk define space of variable cross-section for sucking heated fluid through the nozzles and supplying it to consumers. According to a particular version, the working wheel can be mounted for permitting adjusting the spaces between its sides and lids at the inlet and outlet of the heat generator.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat production by means other than fuel combustion for premises water heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed cavitation-type rotary heat-generator has housing provided with heated-liquid inlet and outlet and cylindrical surface carrying two coaxial rings of which one is fixed in position relative to housing and other ring is set in rotary motion by drive shaft disposed coaxially with rings. The latter are provided with radial holes disposed in plane perpendicular to axis of revolution. External coaxial ring is revolving and internal one is fixed in position relative to housing, clearance of 0.5 to 3 mm being provided between external revolving ring and internal cylindrical surface of housing. Steel disk is turned onto threaded end of drive shaft and external revolving ring is turned onto its rim. Drive shaft has spider with steel spokes tightened by means of claw nuts installed in depressions of external revolving ring. Threaded end of drive shaft mounts metal head with rimmed textolite disk attached thereto; this rimmed disk carries external revolving ring. Diameter of holes in internal fixed ring is larger by 1.5 - 3 times that that of holes in external revolving ring. Hole number in external revolving ring is other than that in internal fixed one.
EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.
SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of degassing liquid; enhanced corrosion resistance; increased flow rate of liquid; reduced noise of pump.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering; use of geothermal heat in units using water from external sources.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant includes vertical delivery well-bore running to earth's crust and vertical outlet well-bore located at some distance from delivery well-bore; provision is made for evacuation of vapor from this well-bore; plant is also provided with horizontal well-bore for connection of two vertical well-bores and at least one section of horizontal well-bore located in hot rock; all said well-bores are provided with casing pipes to exclude contact of liquid flowing through well-bores with soil or underground water; water obtained after condensation of vapor from outlet well-bore is pumped to delivery well-bore and is used repeatedly. Besides that, horizontal well-bore may be entirely located in rock; delivery and outlet well-bores enter hot rock; plant is provided with devices for delivery of water from delivery well-bore to horizontal well-bore. Water admitting to rock is not contaminated in such plant and may be used repeatedly.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: chemical and oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying methane-containing gas to the cavitation liquid (water), bringing the gas into contact with the cavitation liquid to produce exothermic reactions, withdrawing heat, and removing oxygen-organic compositions, highest hydrocarbons, and unreacted gases from the cooled liquid, and rising pressure of the purified liquid. The reaction between the methane-containing gas and cavitation liquid is carried out in the presence of catalyzers that contain carbides, nitrides, borides and oxides of metals. The unreacted gases are supplied to the methane-containing gas.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.