Mechanical heat source

 

The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used to heat water and produce steam. The objective of the invention is the provision of effective heat water and produce steam without the use of traditional coolants. The task is achieved by the fact that within a split housing having inlet pipe for cold water inlet, an annular nozzle for collecting hot water and steam and an outlet for exit of hot water and steam are passive disk installed in the upper part of the housing and leading to the high-speed rotation, fixed on the shaft of the active volume, working surface which may be flat, conical or spherical, smooth or with channels of different cross-section and form an open-ended cavity with a circular hole with access to the annular sleeve. When the water passes through an open cavity with subsequent output through a circular hole in a circular pipe with a speed of up to 95 meters per second, up to 110 meters per second and more than 110 meters per second is accordingly hot water temperature up to 100°C, steam and superheated steam. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 26 ill.

The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used in the business of pumps, using the changes in physical and mechanical properties of water, in particular the pressure, volume, and speed to produce heat.

For example, the heat pump on and.with. The USSR 458691. But the downside of it is very high working pressure up to 1000 bar developed in the body, which requires a high-strength body parts installation, valves, etc. that leads to significant financial costs and dangerous for heating of residential premises.

As a prototype of the selected heat source, RF patent №2084773, comprising a casing, inlet pipe, an annular nozzle, which goes into the outlet, active disk, supported through the shaft on the bearing unit, placed on a support. The disadvantage of the prototype is high enough efficiency and decrease when the power of the device.

The objective of the invention is the provision of effective heat water and produce steam, without the use of traditional coolants, simplifying the design, ensuring high efficiency, reducing energy costs.

The invention consists in that in the heat, consisting of a casing, inlet pipe, an annular pipe, rolling in the output PE disk supported through the shaft on the bearing unit, enclosed in the support discs create an open cavity with the formation of circular holes, rolling in a circular pipe. The drive can be flat, conical or spherical surfaces, and the working surfaces of the disks, forming an open cavity filled channels triangular, polygonal, spherical or complex cross-section located radially at any angle to the circumference of the disk or curvilinear.

In Fig.1 and 2 shows a diagram of the device of teplogeneratora; Fig.3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 shows a possible shape of working surfaces of the active and passive ROM of Fig.19, 20, 21 and 22 shows a possible cross-section of the channels of Fig.23, 24 and 25 shows the possible location of channels on the active and passive disks.

The heat source (Fig.1), consists of a split casing containing inlet pipe 1 for cold water supply, an annular socket 2 for the reception and direction of hot water and steam at the outlet 3, which serves to drain hot water or steam, bearing 4 bearing, passive ROM 5; active disk 6, mounted on a shaft 7, which rests on the bearing unit 8 and is in high speed, the hull, having a Central hole, the same diameter with the inner diameter of the inlet pipe 1 for the passage of cold water, and active disk 6 may be forming an open cavity 9 flat (Fig.3, 10), conical (Fig.4, 5, 11, 12, 13, 14) or spherical (Fig.6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 16. 17, 18) working surfaces, smooth or with channels 10 triangular (Fig.19), polygonal (Fig.20), spherical (Fig.21) or complex (Fig.22) section located radially (Fig.23), at any angle to the circumference of the disk (Fig.24) or curvilinear (Fig.25), and arranged between them in the heat in any combination of the above structures, if the condition H>h (Fig.26), with the formation of circular holes 11 passing into the annular nozzle 2.

The generator works as follows. When high-speed rotation of the active drive 6 cold water, entering through the inlet 1 into the cavity 9, under the action of centrifugal force at high speed out of the cavity 9 through the circular hole 11 in the annular nozzle 2, while channel 10 is formed by a vacuum.

In moments of passage of water through the sections of the cavity 9, the mating with the channels 10, the speed of 80-95 meters per second, on the borders of zones of high pressure and vacuum, and according to the s zone reaches very high values, which leads to the heating of the water by the time we reach it through a circular opening in the annular sleeve 2 to 100C. by increasing the rate of passage of water through the cavity 9 from 95 to 110 feet per second water completely vaporize at higher speeds is obtained superheated steam.

Of an annular nozzle 2 having hot water or steam through the outlet 3 are received respectively in the system of hot water supply, heating, steam supply.

The layout of the heat generator can be both horizontal and vertical, with the upper or lower position of the actuator.

Produced by pressure of water in the annular nozzle allows the heat source to perform the functions of the circulation pump.

The advantages of the proposed boiler is a simple design consisting of a single unit and removing the need for a pump that creates a compression of the working environment, as the compression is provided by the boiler design; the absence of accelerating and braking devices, because the necessary pressure, speed and temperature are created directly by the heat source; the universality of the heat source, allowing the use of his invention is made of a heat source with a speed of up to 13 000 per minute. This generator includes an inlet pipe with a diameter of 70 mm, conical passive smooth disk with a diameter of 210 mm, flat active disk with a diameter of 210 mm with sloping spaced channels in the amount of 18 pieces, rectangular cross-section height of 3 mm and a width of 1 mm. The expected design parameters of the produced heat source: at 10,000 revolutions per minute of water is heated to 100C and above; at speeds in excess of 10,000 revolutions per minute, is the vaporization temperature of steam above 100With; the performance of the heat consumed by the water at 10,000 revolutions per minute is 1.0 cubic meter per minute. Power consumption 12 kW.

Claims

1. Mechanical heat source consists of a casing, inlet pipe, an annular nozzle, passing into the outlet, passive disk mounted in the upper part of the body or made integral with the housing, the active disk supported through the shaft on the bearing unit, enclosed in a bearing, and the drive to create an open cavity with the formation of circular holes, perehodjashee is s or spherical surfaces.

3. Heat under item 1, characterized in that the working surfaces of the disks, forming an open cavity filled channels triangular, polygonal, spherical or complex cross-sections, arranged radially, at any angle to the circumference of the disk or curved.

 

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