The way of psychological training, how training figurative-symbolic thinking, a way of learning self-regulation and emotional condition and device for psychological training

 

The invention relates to the field of medicine and medical equipment. In the first stage, the client is taught the skills figurative-symbolic thinking and self-regulation emotional state when this trigger figurative-symbolic thinking. Register bioelectric activity, compare the activity of the right and left hemispheres of the brain. The comparison results show the client as a signal biofeedback, in response to which the client corrects sinalizaciju and symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking. Supervise the maintenance of the necessary emotional condition on the parameters of cardiotocogram and electrical activity of the skin. In the second phase, the test situations teach the client to overcome obstacles to achieving goals. Thus, using the skills figurative-symbolic thinking and self-regulation emotional state, the client finds the optimal solution in test situations. In the third stage skills figurative-symbolic thinking and self-regulation emotional state is used to overcome obstacles to finding optimal solutions in the current client situations. When the figurative character is x components in the left and right hemispheres, compare power and the results of the comparison in the form of visual and/or auditory signal biofeedback about changing figurative-symbolic thinking impose client, and the client in response to these signals changes sinalizaciju and symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking. When teaching self-regulation emotional state measured parameters cardiotocogram and electrical activity of the skin in the form of visual and/or audio signals of biological feedback about the change in the emotional state to present to the client. The client in response to these signals activates when figurative-symbolic thinking sensations of heat and/or severity. If the control parameters cardiotocogram is dominated by the signs of the sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system, it activates the feeling of coolness and/or movement, flight, if dominated by signs of parasympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system, with the help of autosuggestion reduces emotional tension, if the signal biofeedback indicates excess physical component / her galvanic skin response over background more than 1.5 times. Block removal electrophysiological signalogic feedback serially connected sub pre-processing data, a subunit of the fast Fourier transform and the sub calculation of spectral components in the frequency ranges: beta, alpha, theta and Delta rhythms for the left and right hemispheres of the brain and then comparing them, the output of which is connected to the input of block signals presentation biofeedback, the block removal of electrophysiological signals with digital output contains at least two channel removal bioelectrically activity of the brain with symmetric regions of the left and right hemispheres and the sub analog-to-digital conversion, the input connected to the channels of the removal of the biological activity of the brain, and output to the inputs of the sub pre-treatment data, and the other output control unit connected to the second input of the subunit of the fast Fourier transform. The technical result is to increase the effectiveness of psychological training in enhancing creativity and intellectual development of the client due to the objectification of control emotional state. 4 N. and 9 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il.

The invention relates to medicine, namely to psycho the new tasks, for development of creative abilities, for the correction of psycho-emotional state and the formation of holotropic consciousness.

Known method of correcting the psychological state of a person by detecting, understanding and verbalization of the problem (see, for example, O., Ksendzuk, Transformation of personality: neuro-linguistic programming. Analysis and comments. Odessa, LLC, 1995, page 11).

Disadvantages of neuro-linguistic programming - the need for continuous communication between therapist with the client, the dependence of the psychological state of the client from the personal qualities of therapist, focused and selective efficiency.

From the description to the patent of Russian Federation №2122442, IPC 6 And 61 M 21/00, publ. 1998-known way of directional correction of psycho-emotional state of a person, including psychodiagnostic tests, selection of diverse emotional colouring of musical and visual compositions and presenting them to the client in accordance with the desired emotional state, characterized in that for the formation of an integrated state, enabling them to mobilize resources state in response to stimuli previously call the possible impact on the psycho-emotional state of a person by individual selection of visual and auditory correlators psycho-emotional States pre-identify the leading submodalities and non-verbal signs of unwanted conditions, trance, 3...5 resource state, desired state and condition preventing the achievement of the desired state, associate each state with a color using the color test of the relationship, pick the auditory correlates containing the pace and size consistent ladronescar topic and tone, and visual correlates associated with the selected colors many times have each correlate to the appearance of the client's non-verbal signs corresponding to correlate state, changing the settings, audio and visual correlates to the occurrence of the maximum change in leading the submodalities and distinct manifestations of non-verbal signs of the identified States, then form audiovisual composition (AVK) 30...45 minutes by combining in groups of 2 or more auditory and 1 visual correlate designed for simultaneous presentation, with visual and auditory correlates of each state include in one of the groups is not less than 1 times, groups alternate in a random sequence and combine without pauses, placing € auditory correlates AVC to distinct manifestations of the integrated status and have received AVK client daily for 2 to 3 hours before bedtime, to correct the undesired condition.

The disadvantage of this method is its narrow focus and relatively low efficiency of learning the skills of self-regulation and self-organization due to the lack of objective assessment of the degree of immersion of the client into an altered state.

In published application for a patent of the Russian Federation for invention №95113607/14, IPC 6 And 61 M 21/00, publ. 1997, bull. No. 23 describes how to restore emotional balance, including the disturbing memory of the incident, removing emotional stress with subsequent similar recollection and rarefaction of the totality of disturbing incidents. After memories of the incident to relieve it of emotional stress, the client is asked to mentally figuratively to associate this incident with surround spot. After the client has submitted the spot, he sets it in motion, in which the stain lightens. Then lightened the stain client is mentally associated with the subject image of the same incident, and with the reduction of emotional stress at the moment of its perception of the procedure is stopped. To control the emotional condition of the client measure indicators galvanic skin response. In the chutes as it does not ensure the development of creative abilities of the client.

Patent of the Russian Federation No. 2123360, IPC 6 And 61 M 21/00, publ. 1998, describes a method of psychological correction, which allows the harmonization of personality and interpersonal relations and in accordance with which receives the image of man, reveals his personal characteristics subject to change, modify facial features and/or other attributes on the image and bring it into line with the specified direction, repeatedly impact received by the image of a person and the people around him that causes a change in the attitude to people of other people and adjusts his personal characteristics in a given direction.

The drawback of this method is its narrow selectivity, because not in every case it is possible to gain the support of others of people graciously take ongoing psychotherapy.

The closest technical result of the claimed method of psychological training is a way of healing people by correcting psychological state, protected by the patent of Russian Federation №2096046, IPC 6 And 61 M 21/00, publ. 1997 According to this method, the correction of the psychological state is carried out in three stages, each of which uses p is abitia and images in the life of a client and using autogenerating exposure to achieve explicit to the client reduce emotional and detailed color reproduction in the memory, next, at the second stage under the control of the operator by re autorenewal client with analysis of sensory experiences with confirmation of the correctness of the information offered, however told the client that he has developed the ability of Serendipity, which is the key to selecting the right decisions in any situation, at the third stage, the client is offered a number of specific situations by applying acquired skills to independently choose the model behavior, with pre-inspire commitment success, sure its real achievement and a positive result of the course of treatment ends.

In comparison with the previously described, this method orients the mind of the client to achieve success in any life situation, but its efficiency is not high enough due to the lack of objective assessment of the degree of immersion of the client into an altered consciousness when figurative-symbolic thinking. In addition, the described method is not very effective in activating creativity, in the development of his intellect.

The problem solved by the invention - improving the efficiency of psychological training in enhancing creativity and development intellego state.

The solution of the stated problem is achieved in that in the method of psychological training, which includes three stages of psychotherapeutic influence with the use of autosuggestion, in the first stage, the client is taught the skills figurative-symbolic thinking and self-regulation emotional state when this trigger figurative-symbolic thinking, record the bioelectrical activity of the brain, comparing the activity of the left and right hemispheres of the brain, the results of the comparison show the client as a signal biofeedback, in response to which the client corrects sinalizaciju and symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking, supervise the maintenance of the necessary emotional condition on the parameters of cardiotocogram and/or parameters of the electrical activity of the skin; in the second phase, the test situations teach the client to overcome obstacles to achieving goals, while using the skills figurative-symbolic thinking and self-regulation emotional state, the client finds the optimal solution in test situations; at the third stage skills figurative-symbolic thinking and self-regulation psychoemotional the situations. Each stage of psychological training contains not less than 3 sessions, and sessions of psychological training is carried out with a periodicity of one to five sessions per week for the duration of the session from 15 to 40 minutes. On the first and second stages before each session psychological training psychologist-trainer with the client to discuss the program of the session, the situation for figurative-symbolic thinking and the purpose of the session psychological training.

The way skills figurative-symbolic thinking used when implementing the proposed method of psychological training, is an independent object of the invention.

There is a method of psychotherapy, including the impact on the psyche of a person and modify his emotional characteristics, in accordance with which reveal personal characteristics of the person, subject to change, determine the direction of their changes and correct personal characteristics in a given direction by the influence of the visual analyzer of other people and man repeated presentation of an image of a person with altered facial features corresponding to a changed personality characteristics (see Russian Federation patent No. 2123360, IPC 6 And 61 M 21/00).

Weeks the receiving consciousness, decreases the effectiveness of training and skills development of self-consciousness. In addition, this method of psycho-correction is not applicable when using the proposed method of psychological training for development of creative abilities of man.

The problem solved by the invention - improving the effectiveness of training and skills development figurative-symbolic thinking in psychological training to strengthen their creative abilities.

The solution of the stated problem is achieved in that in the method of training figurative-symbolic thinking, including the activation of the customer figurative-symbolic thinking with the use of autosuggestion and/or verbal guidance impact, with figurative-symbolic thinking the client is measured brain biopotentials in symmetric derivations, for example, Fp1 and Fp2, and/or C3 and C4, and/or 01 and 02, calculate the power spectral components of brain potentials in the left and right hemispheres, compare the power spectral components of brain potentials of the left hemisphere with the power of spectral components of the bioelectric potentials of the right hemisphere in the frequency ranges: beta, alpha, theta and Delta rhythms and the results of the comparison in the form of a visual it to the client, and the client in response to these signals changes sinalizaciju and symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking. If the presented signal biofeedback about changing figurative-symbolic thinking indicates excess brain activity of the left hemisphere of the brain, the customer activates sinalizaciju figurative-symbolic thinking, if charged signal biofeedback indicates the excess of brain activity of the right hemisphere of the brain, the client activates the symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking.

Independent object of the invention is a method of learning self-regulation and emotional condition, used when implementing the proposed method of psychological training.

In the application for the grant of a patent of the Russian Federation No. 95113607, IPC 6 And 61 M 21/00, published in Bulletin of inventions No. 23, 1997, describes how to restore emotional balance, including the memory of the client disturbing incident, mentally shaped Association disturbing incident spot and clarification of the reproduced spot with the supervision of reducing emotional tension indicators galvanic skin response.

Described sposabella prototype.

Common features of the prototype method with the inventive method of learning self-regulation of emotional States are:

activation figurative-symbolic thinking with the help of autosuggestion and/or verbal guidance effects;

control emotional state of a client by modifying the parameters of the electrical activity of the skin.

The disadvantage of the prototype is no possibility of harmonization of the emotional state with the state of consciousness when figurative-symbolic thinking.

The problem solved by the invention is the provision of opportunities for harmonization emotional state when figurative-symbolic thinking.

The solution of the stated problem is achieved in that in the method of learning self-regulation and emotional condition, including activation figurative-symbolic thinking with the use of autosuggestion and/or verbal guidance impacts and control of the emotional state on the parameters of the electrical activity of the skin, additionally measured parameters cardiotocogram and change of parameters of the electrical activity of the skin and parameters cardiotocogram in the form of visual and/or audio signals of biological Oratoire when figurative-symbolic thinking sensations of heat and/or gravity, if the control parameters cardiotocogram is dominated by the signs of the sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system, activates the feeling of coolness and/or movement of the flight, if dominated by signs of parasympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system, and with the help of autosuggestion reduces emotional tension, if the signal biofeedback changes in emotional state indicates the excess physical component / her galvanic skin response over background more than 1.5 times.

Device for psychological training which implements the inventive method of psychological training, is an independent object of the invention.

From the description to the author's certificate of the USSR No. 1124922, IPC 4 And 61 In 5/04, publ. 1983 a device for correction of the human condition by complex-individual presentation parameters containing multiple retrieval channels of electrophysiological signals, each of which has connected in series sensor, amplifier, zero-body, filter, analog-to-digital Converter and selector node, and block biofeedback, including connected to the selector knots Using this device in the psychological training, you can learn to control physiological parameters, such as, for example, heart rate, duration of inhalation and exhalation, electric resistance. However, this device is not effective in the psychological training for development of creative abilities. The device according to the author's certificate No. 1124922 taken as a prototype. Common features of the prototype and the inventive device are the presence of block removal of electrophysiological signals, a control unit and block signals presentation biofeedback.

The problem solved by the invention is improving the effectiveness of psychological training for development of creative abilities.

The solution of the stated problem is achieved in that the device for psychological training, including block removal of the electrophysiological signals from the digital data output and connected in series control unit and the power signals presentation biofeedback entered serially connected sub pre-processing data, a subunit of the fast Fourier transform and sub calculating capacity values of spectral components in the frequency ranges: beta, alpha, those who about is connected with the second input block signals presentation biofeedback, the block removal of electrophysiological signals with digital output contains at least two channels removal of bioelectric activity of the brain with symmetric regions of the left and right hemispheres and the sub analog-to-digital conversion, the input connected to the channels removal of bioelectric activity of the brain, and the output is input subunit pre-treatment data, and the other second output control unit connected to the second input of the subunit of the fast Fourier transform. The device further comprises connected to the sub pre-processing data sequentially United subunit calculation of the locus of the envelope cardiotocogram and the subblock selection of significant parameters cardiotocogram, the output of which is connected to the input bus unit signals presentation biofeedback, and block removal of the electrophysiological signals from the digital data output further comprises a sensor heart rate, connected to the input of the sub analog-to-digital conversion. The device further comprises a sub selection of significant parameters of the electrical activity of the skin, whose input is connected to the output of the pre abrabam electrophysiological signals from a digital data output further comprises a sensor of electric activity of the skin, connected to the input of the sub analog-to-digital conversion. Each of the channels of the readout signals of bioelectric activity of the brain is connected in series depolarizes electrode connected to the not inverting input of the differential amplifier, differential amplifier, high-pass filter, a broadband amplifier and a lowpass filter, the output of which is connected to the input of the sub analog-to-digital conversion, while the k-th channel signal pickup bioelectrical activity of the brain further comprises another depolarizes electrode connected to the inverting inputs of all of the differential amplifiers and operational amplifier non-inverting input of which is connected to the output of the k-th differential amplifier, the inverting input is connected to earth ground and the output - neutral electrode. The sub analog-to-digital conversion includes an analog switch with inputs for connecting the TV pickup signals bioelectrical activity of the brain and sensors for heart rate and electrical activity of the brain, and connected to its output serially connected analog-to-digital Converter, microcontrol imaging signals biofeedback and sub audio presentation signals biofeedback. Block removal of the electrophysiological signals from the digital data output is connected to the sub pre-processing of the data through a telemetry channel.

The invention illustrated by the drawings.

In Fig.1 shows a block diagram of a device for psychological training, and Fig.2 - block diagram block removal of the electrophysiological signals from the digital data output of Fig.3 is a block diagram of block signals presentation biofeedback; Fig.4 is a functional block diagram of the removal of the electrophysiological signals from the digital data output of Fig.5 is a block diagram of the algorithm of generation of the signal indication changes figurative-symbolic thinking.

In Fig.1...5 numbers and letters marked:

1 is a block removal of the electrophysiological signals from the digital data output;

2 - unit signals presentation biofeedback;

3 - control unit;

4 - subunit primary data;

5 - subunit fast Fourier transform;

6 - subunit calculate the values of the capacities of spectral components in the frequency ranges: beta, alpha, theta and Delta rhythms for the left and right hemispheres of the brain and then comparing them;

7 - subunit calculation of the locus of gebaude significant parameters of the electrical activity of the skin;

101...10to- TV pickup signals bioelectrical activity of the brain;

11 sensor heart rate;

12 - gauge electrical activity of the skin;

13 - sub analog-to-digital conversion;

14 - subunit imaging signals biofeedback;

15 - subunit of auditory signals presentation biofeedback;

161...16to- polarizadas electrodes removal of brain biopotentials;

171...17to- differential amplifiers;

181...18tofilters high frequencies;

191...19tobroadband amplifiers;

201...20tofilters low frequencies;

21 neutral electrode;

22 is an operational amplifier;

23 - zero electrode;

24 - analog switch; and

25 - analog-to-digital Converter;

26 - microcontroller;

27 - node issuing digital data;

k is the channel number of the pickup signal of the biological activity of the brain;

W is the number of the time window;

j - the index of the time interval;

i - the index of the frequency interval.

The claimed method of psychological training is conducted in three phases.

In the first stage, the client is taught the skills of figurative character of Myslene is m necessary state of mind and emotional state. Change control figurative-symbolic thinking client is done according to the result of comparison of bioelectrical activity of the left and right hemispheres of the brain. The comparison results show the client as signals biofeedback, in response to which the client corrects sinalizaciju and symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking, thereby achieving such a state of your consciousness, in which the bioelectrical activity in the left and right hemispheres of the brain in the ranges of beta, alpha, theta and Delta rhythms are changed synchronously. Control emotional state exercise on parameters of cardiotocogram and/or parameters of the electrical activity of the skin. The measurement results highlight the signs of stress and emotional condition or excessive relaxation and as signals biofeedback present to the client, in response to which, the client adjusts its psycho-emotional state towards harmonization with altered when figurative-symbolic thinking state of consciousness. After the client using the techniques of autosuggestion and/or follow verbal instructions, you will learn how to control what you eat (to learn self-regulation and emotional condition) while maintaining adequate changes in the bioelectrical activity in the left and right hemispheres of the brain, the second stage of psychological training, during which the client on the test situations figurative-symbolic thinking are taught to overcome obstacles to achieving goals. When figurative-symbolic thinking client, using acquired at the first stage skills and self-regulation emotional state with monitoring of bioelectric activity of the brain, finds solutions in test situations. In the third stage of psychological training is aimed at the consolidation of the client's skills figurative-symbolic thinking and self-regulation emotional state when figurative-symbolic thinking related to overcoming the obstacles to the achievement of objectives in the current client situations, and decisions of intellectual and creative tasks. And in the third stage of monitoring the state of consciousness when figurative-symbolic thinking is on bioelectric activity of the left and right hemispheres of the brain, and monitoring of psycho-emotional condition on the parameters of cardiotocogram and electrical activity of the skin.

Presentation of client signals of biological feedback about the status of consciousness and emotional costi stage of psychological training includes not less than 3 sessions lasting 15...40 minutes. Sessions of psychological training is carried out with a periodicity of 1...5 sessions per week. Before each session of psychological training on the first and second stages psychologist-trainer with the client to discuss the program of the session, discuss with them the current image is the situation for figurative-symbolic thinking and the purpose of the session psychological training. The psychological training session may be accompanied by meditation music (sounds of the forest or the sea) and scent of natural essential oils.

The way skills figurative-symbolic thinking and way of teaching self-regulation of emotional States are realized in the process of conducting each session psychological training.

Client seated in a comfortable chair or lay on the couch face up and connects sensors measuring heart rate and electrical activity of the skin and the electrodes for removing biological signals of brain activity in the left and right hemispheres. The point of connection electrodes removal of brain biopotentials - Fp1 and Fp2, and/or C3 and C4, and/or O1 and O2, neutral electrode, earflap, zero - Oz. Once the client feels comfortable, included measuring apparatus - a device for psychologists the two modes of session psychological training, differ only in the role of a psychologist-coach. In the first case the client with his eyes closed, using the techniques of autosuggestion or under the action of the verbal instructions of a psychologist-coach, mentally reproduces asked the situation for figurative-symbolic thinking and modifies it in accordance with agreed before the start of the session program. In the device for psychological training for the entire session biopotentials measured in symmetric leads with the left and right hemispheres of the brain, the calculated value of the power spectral components of the bioelectric potentials in the frequency ranges of beta, alpha, theta and Delta rhythms and compares the values of these capacities for the left and right hemispheres of the brain. The results of the comparison are analyzed by a psychologist and in the form of verbal instructions are presented to the client as signals of biological feedback about changing figurative-symbolic thinking. The client, in response to signals of biological feedback, make adjustments in the emotional and substantial saturation of the image (change sinalizaciju and symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking), is reflected in the activation or suppression of electr avago hemispheres of the brain and generate waves of brain activity in the frequency ranges: beta, alpha, theta and Delta rhythms. If the value of the power spectral components in the left hemisphere exceed the values in the right, the client activates (increases) brain activity in the right hemisphere of the brain, strengthening sinalizaciju figurative-symbolic thinking, i.e., increasing sensory receptivity of the image. If the value of the power spectral components in the left hemisphere is smaller than the right, the client strengthens character saturation (detail) image, increasing brain activity in the left hemisphere. Also during the whole session psychological training is the measurement of the electrical activity of the skin and parameters cardiotocogram, changes which analyzes a psychologist, coach and analysis in the form of verbal instructions makes the client as signals of biological feedback about the change in emotional state. In response to these signals, the client using the techniques of autosuggestion changes its psycho-emotional state, harmonizing it with the state of consciousness. If cardiotocogram is dominated by the signs of the sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), the client activates the sensation of heat is s and/or movement, flight. When exceeding the physical component / her galvanic skin response over background more than 1.5 times the client reduces emotional tension. In another mode of psychological training client by myself. With closed eyes the client mentally plays test the situation for figurative-symbolic thinking and modifies it in accordance with the agreed programme. The device for carrying out psychological training measured values of electrophysiological signals, are determined by the signs of changing figurative-symbolic thinking and the psychological state of the client and produces signals biofeedback, reflecting these changes in the form of verbal instructions are presented to the client. If the client is capable of figurative-symbolic thinking with eyes open, the signals biofeedback are in the form of visual images. The client responds to submitted to the signals biofeedback making changes to the program figurative-symbolic thinking.

In comparison with known methods psychocorrection the claimed method of psychological training due to the fact that the client ovladevaet the th activity in both hemispheres of the brain in figurative-symbolic thinking, trained to manage as a state of consciousness and psycho-emotional status, allows you to go far beyond simple assistance in the disposal of the client from the main complaints and to teach the client to adjust their physiology to optimize mental and physical performance, the best way to Express spirituality. Upon completing the course, the claimed psychological training at the expense of the ability to activate the generation of theta and Delta waves adequately in both hemispheres of the brain in “alert relaxation” emotional state acquire the ability to make decisions in difficult situations, to enhance cognitive processes, control their behavior and emotions creatively to perceive problems and solve them.

Device for psychological training (Fig.1) contains the unit 1 reading electrophysiological signals from a digital data output and connected in series block 2 signals presentation biofeedback and control unit 3, connected in series subunit 4 of the provisional data, subunit 5 of the fast Fourier transform and subunit 6 calculate the values of the capacities of spectral components in the frequency range of betting the turn is connected with the second input unit 2 signals presentation biofeedback, the block 1 removal of electrophysiological signals with digital output contains at least two channels 10 removal of bioelectric activity of the brain with symmetric regions of the left and right hemispheres and the subunit 13 analog-to-digital conversion (Fig.2), the input connected to the channels 10 removal of bioelectric activity of the brain, and the output to the input of subunit 4 of the provisional data, and the other of the second output control unit 3 is connected to the second input of subunit 5 of the fast Fourier transform. Device for psychological training may further comprise connected to the subunit 4 of the provisional data, connected in series subunit 7 calculation of the locus of the envelope cardiotocogram and subunit 8 highlight the relevant parameters of cardiotocogram, the output of which is connected to the input bus unit 2 signals presentation biofeedback, and the block 1 removal of electrophysiological signals with digital data output further comprises a speed sensor 11 heartbeat, connected to the input subunit 13 analog-to-digital conversion. Also the device for psychological training can optionally contain sub 9 highlight important is data processing, and the output to the input bus unit 2 signals presentation biofeedback, the block 1 removal of electrophysiological signals with digital data output further comprises a sensor 12 of the electrical activity of the skin, connected to the input subunit 13 analog-to-digital conversion. Each of the channels 10 pickup signals bioelectrical activity of the brain (Fig.4) contains consistently United depolarizes electrode 16 connected to the not inverting input of differential amplifier 17, a differential amplifier 17, the high-pass filter 18, a broadband amplifier 19 and the low pass filter 20, the output of which is connected to the appropriate input subunit 13 analog-to-digital conversion, while the k-th channel 10k pickup signal bioelectrical activity of the brain further comprises another depolarizes electrode 21 connected to the inverting inputs of all of the differential amplifiers 17, and an operational amplifier 22, a non-inverting input of which is connected to the output of the k-th differential amplifier 17k, the inverting input is connected to earth ground, and the output - neutral electrode 23. The subunit 13 analog-to-digital conversion includes the analog switch 24 is Dechen abbreviations and sensor 12 electrical activity of the brain and connected to its output serially connected analog-to-digital Converter 25, the microcontroller 26 and the node 27 issue of digital data. Unit 2 signals presentation biofeedback (Fig.3) contains a sub 14 of the imaging signals biofeedback and sub 15 auditory presentation of signals biofeedback. Unit 1 reading electrophysiological signals from a digital data output can be connected to the subunit 4 of the provisional data through the telemetry channel. The combination of subunits 4...9 may be made in the form of the system unit (CPU) of the computer unit 2 is in the form of a display of the computer.

Device for psychological training (Fig.1) works as follows.

The electrodes 161...16tofixed on the head of a client in the points lead standard 10-20 system Fp1, Fp2, and/or C3, C4, and/or O1, O2. The electrode 22 is attached to the ear lobe, and the electrode 24 at the point OZ standard lead. The sensor 11 is fixed on the wrist, if you are using an acoustic sensor, or finger, if you use photoelectrochemically sensor. The sensor 12 is fixed on the palm or on the tip of the index or middle finger. The biopotential electrical activity of the brain, as the potential difference between one of the electrodes 161.7tofreed from the constant component using the high pass filter 181...18towith a cutoff frequency below 0.5 Hz, amplified broadband amplifier 191...19tolimited frequency of the lowpass filter 201...20towith a cutoff frequency of 40...45 Hz and fed to the corresponding input of the analog switch 24. To bind the measured potentials to zero (Cabinet) tires and reduce noise, zero electrode 23 is connected to the output of the operational amplifier 22, a non-inverting input connected to the output of the differential amplifier 17K, and inverting zero (Cabinet) bus device. The output signals of the sensors 11 and 12 also serves to corresponding inputs of the analog switch 24, the output of which command from the analog-to-digital Converter 25 sequentially connects each of its inputs. In the analog signals from the outputs of the channels 101...10k read and sensors 11 and 12 are sequentially converted into digital form and via the microcontroller 26, which synchronizes data collection, and host digital data output 27 with markers, served with a clock frequency set by the microcontroller in subunit 4.

The array select>..10k and sensors 11 and 12. Data from channels 101...10k subjected to frequency analysis. In subunit 5 is the fast Fourier transform in a moving time window, the value of which in the form of the number of samples is set from unit 3, and in subunit 6 of the calculated power spectral components in each channel in the current moving time window and in the frequency range of 1.5 to 40 Hz, is remembering them during the session and simultaneous comparison of the levels of capacity spectral components in the symmetric leads.

The array of data accumulated in the sub 4 from the sensor 11 is processed in subunit 7, in which the process of the session is calculated parameters of the locus of cardiotocogram. In subunit 8 current settings cardiotocogram compared with the background, the results of the comparison during the session are remembered. The array of data accumulated in the sub 4 from the sensor 12 is processed in the subunit 9, in which the current average value of the electric resistance is compared with the background value and are exceeding the physical component of the current value above the background more than 1.5 times. The outputs of subunits 6, 8, 9 is connected to the output bus unit 2, which signal is transmitted in block 2.

The mode of presentation of signals biofeedback in the form of visual images or auditory representation is set from the control unit 4. If the set of subunits 4...9 made in the form of the system unit (CPU) of the computer, the algorithm of computers can be implemented as shown in Fig.5. This algorithm explains the work of the sub-blocks of 4...9. The basis for the algorithm estimates P is the loop variable To the dimension from 1 to Nk. Thus forming the 3-dimensional array of samples Qk,w,1...N, which is translated in the frequency plane Fk,w,N/2 (amplitude spectrum) for each window W formed From the array Fk,w,N/2 choose a two-dimensional slice of the Uk(fi,fj) corresponding to the center of the window W. the Array slices obtained two-dimensional with coordinates i and j, where i is the number of harmonics of the spectrum, j is the number of time window W.

In the generated two-dimensional array slices Uk(fi,fj) is produced by the cut-off value that is less than a threshold and (this is done in a double loop for i{1...N/2} and j {1...N/2}. After the cut-off values sections calculated two-dimensional integral Zk, which is the estimated energy on the plane "time - frequency". From all points is formed To the final assessment of R by summing the integrals Zk with weight coefficients Ck. T is for forming slices Uk(fi,fj),

b) double loop over i and j for the cut-off values slices below the threshold and,

in) double integration of slices to obtain an estimate of the integral Zk,

d) summing the estimates Zk with weight coefficients Ck:

2) after Nk completion of the first cycle estimation R.

Example session psychological training.

Feature client: female 30-year-old Manager of a commercial firm, divorced, financially secure, living with her daughter and mother of a 3-bedroom apartment.

The purpose of psychological training: reducing emotional tension in communication with customers, improve mental and physical performance.

The degree of training: at the first stage the client has mastered the techniques of autogenic training, learned figurative-symbolic thinking with his eyes closed.

Program session: figurative-symbolic thinking on the subject - the house in which I want to live.

Wednesday: music - sounds of the woods and fields, fragrances - lavender, night violet.

Hardware: measurement of brain potentials in leads Fp1 and Fp2, the neutral electrode is connected to the tip of the left ear, zero electrode installed at the point where FZ, sensor 11 heart rate secured to the wrist of the left hand, the sensor 12 e is AI only session psychological training, psychologist-trainer analyzes the change is displayed on the screen subunit visualization 14 parameters of electrophysiological signals and verbal guidance impact as biofeedback communicate them to the client.

The contents of the held session: at the initial stage given setting to relax by switching attention from the external to the internal space, the installation was witnessed by a decrease in the level of beta waves and increased R-R interval; then given installation to activate the right hemisphere of the brain by switching on sensory perception, such as image representation of themselves in the forest, the installation is confirmed by the appearance of spindles alpha waves and increased respiratory wave cardiotocogram; the next setting is the focus on the character of his subconscious by switching to figurative-symbolic thinking, when presenting yourself entering the house appeared theta waves, with a feeling of lightness and weightlessness theta waves increased, and when the feeling of how consciousness floating in limitless space of harmony and freedom appeared large amplitude of alpha and theta waves; then there is a setting to activate preduzete, as a symbol of your problem is transformed into a harmonious environment in your home, the installation showed the emergence on the background of alpha and theta waves of high frequency beta waves; final setting is to feel changes in their perception of the problem (understanding of the) - you leave the house, feel whole and remember your experience, theta waves subside, there are alpha and beta waves. During a session, the psychologist-Manager said adequate facilities changes in the bioelectrical activity in both hemispheres of the brain of the client and the success of the session psychological training.

Technical solutions are designed to activate creativity and intuition. The model of consciousness - a machine for processing information, a special environment that allows information to be organized in a schema - blocks with relationships. In such a system is easy to expand and complicate the schema, but it is difficult to rebuild and control. Creativity and intuition are associated with the restructuring of the schemes, over the bounding schemes and stereotypical blanks. Creativity is innovation, progress in any field, including in their personal lives and interpersonal relationships. And the first IEP is istihaada especially when solving non-standard problems, which constantly have to meet in life. The goal of learning the skills of immediate decision making, stress relief when confronted with a new, generation of new ideas in any life situation. For intuition characteristic switching from one of the laying of information to another, intuition rejects the limitations of the developed consciousness breaks the old and creates new connections.

New ideas are always needed, because there are always problems that can't wait, this among them are the following:

- problems that require new information or new technology - the solution of such problems requires new knowledge;

- problems that require adjustment to available information, the decision requires the analysis of alternatives;

problems no problems for the apparent well-being you want to see, identify improvements, a new look at familiar.

In each case, even when the decision is obvious, for training habits to think broadly, we need to analyze alternatives, i.e., to the decision to add a list of additional solutions to the analysis. The transition to the generation of alternatives is not organized spontaneously, as specified in the fixing of the number (quota) alternate at any step does not appear promising alternative.

The search for new ideas is characterized by activation of beta - and theta - rhythms, reducing emotional tension when solving new problems - increased level of alpha-rhythm, fixation of new schemes - increase of beta-rhythm. These phenomena form the basis of the claimed technical solution.

Claims

1. The way of psychological training, which includes three stages of psychotherapeutic influence with the use of autosuggestion, characterized in that in the first stage, the client is taught the skills figurative-symbolic thinking and self-regulation emotional state when this trigger figurative-symbolic thinking, register bioelectric activity, compare the activity of the left and right hemispheres of the brain, the results of the comparison show the client as a signal biofeedback, in response to which, the client adjusts sinalizaciju and symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking, supervise the maintenance of the necessary emotional condition on the parameters of cardiotocogram and electrical activity of the skin, in the second phase, the test situations teach the client to overcome obstacles to dosteteanu, the client finds the optimal solution in test situations, in the third stage skills figurative-symbolic thinking and self-regulation emotional state is used to overcome obstacles to finding optimal solutions in the current client situations.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that each stage of psychological training contains at least 3 sessions and sessions of psychological training is carried out with a periodicity of one to five sessions per week for the duration of the session from 15 to 40 minutes

3. The method according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the first and second stages before each session psychological training psychologist-trainer with the client to discuss the program of the session, the situation for figurative-symbolic thinking and the purpose of the session psychological training.

4. The way skills figurative-symbolic thinking, including the activation of the customer figurative-symbolic thinking with the use of autosuggestion and/or verbal guidance impact, characterized in that when figurative-symbolic thinking the client is measured brain biopotentials in symmetric derivations, for example Fp1 and Fp2, and/or C3 and C4, and/or O1 and O2, calculate the power spectral components of the bioelectric potentials of metalware capacities of the spectral components of brain biopotentials of the right hemisphere in the frequency ranges: beta, alpha, theta and Delta rhythms (waves) and the results of the comparison in the form of visual and/or auditory signal biofeedback on the changing state of consciousness present to the client, and the client in response to these signals changes sinalizaciju and symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking.

5. The method according to p. 4, characterized in that, if presented to the biological signal feedback about the altered state of consciousness indicates the excess of brain activity of the right hemisphere of the brain, the client activates the symbolic richness of figurative-symbolic thinking, if charged biological signal feedback about changes in States of consciousness indicates the excess of brain activity of the left hemisphere of the brain, the client activates sinalizaciju figurative-symbolic thinking.

6. The way of learning self-regulation and emotional condition, including activation figurative-symbolic thinking with the use of autosuggestion and/or verbal guidance impacts and control of the emotional state on the parameters of the electrical activity of the skin, characterized in that it further measure parameters cardiotocogram and change settings of electricity is th feedback psycho-emotional status show client and the client in response to these signals activates when figurative-symbolic thinking sensations of heat and/or gravity, if the control parameters cardiotocogram is dominated by the signs of the sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system, activates the feeling of coolness and/or movement, flight, if dominated by signs of parasympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system, and with the help of autosuggestion reduces emotional tension, if the signal biofeedback indicates exceeding the physical component of the galvanic skin response over background more than 1.5 times.

7. Device for psychological training, including block removal of the electrophysiological signals from the digital data output and connected in series control unit and the power signals presentation biofeedback, characterized in that it introduced successively United subunit preliminary data, the subunit of the fast Fourier transform and sub calculate power values of spectral components in the frequency ranges: beta, alpha, theta and Delta rhythms for the left and right hemispheres of the brain and then comparing them, the output of which is connected with logical digital output contains at least two channels removal of bioelectric activity of the brain with symmetric regions of the left and right hemispheres and the sub analog-to-digital conversion, input connected to the channels of the removal of the biological activity of the brain, and the output to the input of the sub pre-treatment data, and the other output control unit connected to the second input of the subunit of the fast Fourier transform.

8. The device according to p. 7, characterized in that it additionally contains connected to the sub pre-treatment data, posledovatelno United subunit calculation of the locus of the envelope cardiotocogram and the subblock selection of significant parameters cardiotocogram, the output of which is connected to the input bus unit signals presentation biofeedback, and block removal of the electrophysiological signals from the digital data output further comprises a sensor heart rate, connected to the input of the sub analog-to-digital conversion.

9. The device under item 7 or 8, characterized in that it further comprises the sub-allocation of significant parameters of the electrical activity of the skin, the inlet of which is connected to the output of the preprocessing block data, and the output to the input bus unit signals presentation biofeedback, the block removal of the electrophysiological signals from the digital data output is th conversion.

10. Device according to one of paragraphs.7-9, characterized in that each of the channels of the readout signals of bioelectric activity of the brain is connected in series depolarizes electrode connected to the not inverting input of the differential amplifier, high-pass filter, a broadband amplifier and a lowpass filter, the output of which is connected to the input of the sub analog-to-digital conversion, while the K-th channel of the signal pickup bioelectrical activity of the brain further comprises another depolarizes electrode connected to the inverting inputs of all of the differential amplifiers and operational amplifier non-inverting input of which is connected to the output of K-th differential amplifier, the inverting input is connected to earth ground and the output - neutral electrode.

11. Device according to one of paragraphs.7-10, characterized in that the sub analog-to-digital conversion includes an analog switch with inputs for connecting the TV pickup signals bioelectrical activity of the brain and sensors for heart rate and electrical activity of the brain and connected to its output serially connected analog-to-digital Converter is that the unit signals presentation biofeedback contains sub visualization of signals biofeedback and sub audiolog presentation signals biofeedback.

13. Device according to one of paragraphs.7-12, characterized in that the heat removal electrophysiological signals from a digital data output connected to the inputs of the subunits of the preliminary data processing and selection of significant parameters of the electrical activity of the skin via a telemetry channel.

 

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