Flexible brush from a mixture of polymers
The invention relates to a flexible brush, consisting of a mixture of polymers, in particular to a toothbrush with a flexible neck area. The brush has a solid body consisting of a handle, one end of which is a head with bristles. The body of the brush consists of a mixture of a first polymer and a second polymer that has a lower hardness than the first polymer, the first polymer and the second polymer is from about 95:5 to about 30:70. The hardness of the second polymer is less than the first, and is on the shore from about 25 to about 85. The invention improves the ease of cleaning. 9 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill., 1 PL.The technical field to which the invention relatesThe present invention relates to a brush having improved flexibility. More specifically, it relates to a flexible brush, consisting of a mixture of polymers, in particular to a toothbrush with a flexible neck area.Background of the inventionBrushes that use at the present time, and, in particular toothbrushes are typically made entirely of plastic materials. Bristle brushes usually contain high-grade polyamide, processed by molding to form a thin fibers, which are then new plastic, which form the injection molding. The head body brush should have such dimensions, taking into account its natural functions attaching bristles to the latter, which can be combined into bundles, adequately firmly fixed.The toothbrush, the head should be as flat as possible so it takes up as little space as possible in the mouth, or to use an existing space with a substantially elongated setae. The handle body brush should have a stable size and be hard. It is also desirable that the head was somewhat flexible relative to the handle to ease the pressure when brushing your teeth or, in other words, to regulate the pressure. Therefore, it is usually used the neck of reduced cross-section between the head and the handle, which gives the body brush some flexibility. Narrowing obtained during the execution of the cervix, also performs ergonomic function to obtain the ability to direct the toothbrush to carry out the necessary cleaning movements with the mouth closed.Thermoplastic plastics commonly used for the manufacture of toothbrushes, only a very inadequate to meet these contradictory requirements. Polepieces section of the head and neck. Thus, the cross sectional area of the head and neck should be relatively large so that they are not broken during use or from any extraordinary load. This applies to the head, since the latter is weakened in cross section as measures for securing bundles of bristles, in particular, if, as happens in the normal case, the beams mechanically or thermally sealed or filled in the holes in the head. When the welding beams to the material of the head may also weakening, because the molecular lattice of the surface of the head may be adversely modified.Although relatively many toothbrushes on the market today declared that they have a design with a flexible neck, in fact most of these brushes are not really flexible. Some just used a twisted form of cervical or design with a narrow neck to create the visual impression of flexibility.In addition, previous attempts to achieve the desired flexibility of the head relative to the handle or head provided multicomponent brushes, which are inserted springs or separate sections of thermoplastic elastomer inserted into the cervical area is international publication nos WO 92/17092-3, published October 15, 1992). These brushes have limited flexibility because they can bend only in the hinge areas or in accordance with the distribution of the individual sections of the elastomer. In addition, they may require more attention to manufacturing tolerances and can be more expensive to manufacture than solid brush.Other proposed technical solution is to get a body brush, made of elastomer mixed with foaming agent in the area of the handle and being solid in the head with a smaller cross-section (see U.S. patent No. 5815874 (Weihrauch) of 6 October 1998).However, there remains a need for cost-effective, solid brush, which really has the ability to bend in many directions. None of the known technical solutions do not provide the advantages and benefits of the present invention.Brief description of the inventionThe present invention relates to a brush having a one-piece body consisting of a handle located at one of its ends a head with bristles, and the body of the brush comprises a mixture of a first polymer and a second polymer that has a smaller Toro about 30:70.These and other features, aspects and advantages of the invention will be understood by a person skilled in the art upon reading this description.Brief description of drawingsAlthough the description ends with the formula of the invention, specifically showing and clearly claiming the invention, it appears that the present invention will be better understood when reading the following description of the preferred variants of its implementation, data in conjunction with the attached drawings, in which:Fig.1-3 - types of front, side and rear ordinary preferred embodiments of toothbrushes of the present invention, and Fig.1d depicts a view in direction of arrow As shown in Fig.1c.Detailed description of the inventionBrush corresponding to the present invention, have a one-piece body consisting of a handle which has at one of its ends a head with bristles. The housing consists of a mixture of polymers. In General, the mixture of polymers is a mixture of a first polymer with a second polymer that has a lower bending modulus, that is, which is more flexible than the first polymer. More specifically, the hardness of the second polymer is less than the hardness of the first polymer. The number t is the solution of the amount of the first polymer and the second polymer is from about 95:5 to about 30:70. It seems that this depends on the hardness of the second polymer material. For example, for the following number ranges shore hardness of the second polymer is preferred here, the corresponding ratio of the first polymer and the second polymer.For a number of shore hardness from about 25 to about 45 preferred ratio of the number of the first polymer and the second polymer is from about 90:10 to 60:35, and more preferred is a ratio from about 85:15 to about 65:35.For a number of shore hardness from about 45 to about 65 preferred ratio of the number of the first polymer and the second polymer is from about 80:20 to about 50:50, and more preferred is a ratio from about 75:25 to about 55:45.For a number of shore hardness from about 65 to about 85 preferred ratio of the number of the first polymer and the second polymer is from about 70:30 to about 40:60, and more preferred is a ratio from about 65:35 to about 45:55.In the following description of preferred polymeric materials for use according to the present invention contains abbreviations that are usually applied by experts in the field of machinery for the ditch.The first polymer preferably is polypropylene ("PP") or it can be selected from the group consisting of other conventional materials used for the manufacture of toothbrush handle, such as polystyrene (PS), polyethylene ("PE"), a copolymer of Acrylonitrile and styrene ("SAN") and acetotrophic cellulose ("CAP").The second polymer is preferably a thermoplastic elastomer ("TPE"), thermoplastic olefin ("TPO"), soft thermoplastic polyolefin (for example, polybutylene), or he may be elected from other elastomeric materials, such as a copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate ("EVA") and ethylene-propylene rubber ("EPR").Examples of suitable thermoplastic elastomers used according to the present invention, include stimulationladette ("SEBS"), strabomantidae ("SBS") and sterilizability ("SIS").Examples of suitable thermoplastic olefins used in accordance with the present invention include polybutylene ("PB") and polyethylene ("PE").In addition to this can be applied dye to give the brush an aesthetically attractive appearance.Can be applied opaque or semi-transparent coloring matter, relative to polypros cnom version, they are produced from polypropylene.For the manufacture of brushes corresponding to the present invention can be used known in the art techniques, such as injection molding. According to the present invention any suitable design, shape or configuration of the handle and/or setae. In addition, it should be understood that although the brush corresponding to the present invention, particularly suitable as a toothbrush for oral hygiene, such brushes may with equal advantage be used for cosmetic purposes, for example, as a brush for the hair or for the application of cosmetics, pet care, for example, as a brush for brushing animals, as well as for use in the household, such as cleaning, etc. Thus, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to toothbrushes.In tooth brush handle and head are typically joined by a neck area, which, as noted above, may have a smaller cross sectional area than the handle or head. The cylinder is supplied with holes for the reception of the bristles or tufts of bristles, which are mechanically or thermally fixed in them, as is well known to specialists in this field of technology. Sohl body brush, that is, the head, neck and handle as a single element, a mixture of polymeric materials, corresponding to the present invention, provides the advantage of obtaining the actual flexibility in many directions. In other words, the head part of the brush corresponding to the present invention, can be bent in any direction relative to the toothbrush with the same ease. This is in contrast to conventional brushes, of which the crown has the ability to bend in only one direction relative to the handle.Flexible neck can also reduce excessive force effects on teeth and gums, which can make the user.In Fig.1-3 shows a typical preferred embodiments of the toothbrush according to the present invention. In Fig.1A, 2A and 3A illustrate the kinds behind the respective brushes; Fig.1b, 2b and 3b shows the side views of the respective brushes; and Fig.1C, 2C and 3C shows the front views of the respective brushes. In Fig.1d shows a view in direction of arrow As shown in Fig.1C.As shown in Fig.1, the brush 10 has a one-piece body 12 consisting of a handle 14 and a head 16 which is provided with bristles 18. Between the handle 14 and head 16 is a neck 20. The handle may also nabaztag in this area, including Santoprene. As noted above, the bristles 18 may have any configuration, including configurations with three-dimensional profiles, known to specialists in this field and not contributing limitation, examples of which are shown here in the drawings, in particular Fig.1d. It should be noted that although reference numbers to Fig.2 and 3 are similar to those shown in Fig.1, they are not repeated in Fig.2 and 3.ExamplesTo illustrate the advantages of the preferred embodiments of the present invention the flexibility of the toothbrush corresponding to the present invention, is compared with a number of available on the market toothbrushes (see table).Samples of the brushes tested according to the method of testing CHN-NA-009. This method is described in detail hereinafter. The test device contains a means for testing the gap (<100 M), steel wire and holder for the toothbrush.Test samples were prepared by labeling the two marks: (a) for toothbrushes for adults the first mark was made in 15 mm from the top of the brush head, and a second mark was made in 80 mm from the top of the brush head; (b) for children's toothbrushes first mark was made at 10 mm from the top galoa the first mark was made at 10 mm from the top of the brush head, and the second mark was made at 50 mm from the top of the brush head. The samples were prepared at a temperature of 20+5C, and this temperature was held constant for four hours before beginning the test procedure.The test procedure described below. Bent steel wire having a diameter of about 2 mm and a length of about 250 mm, and placed it in the top clamp of the test device. The brush handle was placed in the pen holder brush and recorded at the location of the second mark (the brush bristles down); the holder of the toothbrush was connected with the lower clamp the test device, and steel wire installed in the location of the first mark. The testing device has started moving up, and the reading was carried out when the sample was bent on 25 mm or broke. The result was measured in Newtons (N).In the test conditions ambient temperature was maintained at 20+5C. the Speed of raising and lowering the test device was maintained constant at 100+10 mm/min in Addition, the device for burst tests must be calibrated using the approved standard sample or calibration is flexible sample is easier to deform than the more rigid sample, that is less than the force required for bending or perelamyvaniya brush, the more flexible brush. Thus, lower values in Newtons reflect greater flexibility. In addition, in the table you can see that the sample toothbrush corresponding to the present invention, here the most flexible.Thus, described herein preferred embodiments of the invention provide the advantage of greater, more real flexibility without having to insert a separate elastomeric sections. Shown here in the preferred embodiments of the invention also cost-effective and simple to manufacture and can be used with any configuration of the brushes and/or setae.All these publications are included here as reference material in their entirety. The citation of any link is not an assumption that is relevant to any determination that it is suitable as a solution prior art to the claimed invention.Here, the term "containing" means that can be added to other operations or other components that do not affect the final result. This term encompasses the terms "consisting of" and "consisting essentially is and, if not specified differently.All percentages, ratios, and levels of ingredients listed here are based on the actual amount of the ingredient and do not include solvents, fillers or other materials that can be combined ingredient as a commercially available product, unless specified differently.It should be understood that the described examples and embodiments of the invention are given only for illustrative purpose, and that a person skilled in the field of technology in their light may make various modifications or changes without departing from the scope of the present invention.
Claims1. Brush with one-piece body consisting of a handle located at one of its ends a head with bristles, characterized in that the body of the brush consists of a mixture of a first polymer and a second polymer, which has a hardness less than that of the first polymer, and is on the shore from about 25 to about 85, and the ratio of the first polymer and the second polymer is from about 95:5 to about 30:70.2. Brush on p. 1, characterized in that the first polymer is selected from the group consisting of polypropylene, polystyrene, polyethylene, a copolymer of Acrylonitrile and styrene and acetylpromazine elastomers, thermoplastic olefins, soft thermoplastic polyolefin, copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate and ethylene-propylene rubber.4. Brush on p. 3, characterized in that thermoplastic elastomer is selected from the group consisting of stimulatestosterone, strabomantidae and sterilizability.5. Brush on p. 1, characterized in that the second polymer has a shore a hardness from about 25 to about 45, and the ratio of the first polymer and the second polymer is from about 90:10 to 60:35.6. Brush on p. 1, characterized in that the second polymer has a shore a hardness from about 45 to about 65, and the ratio of the first polymer and the second polymer is from about 80:20 to about 50:50.7. Brush on p. 1, characterized in that the second polymer has a shore a Durometer hardness of from about 65 to about 85, and the ratio of the first polymer and the second polymer is from about 70:30 to about 40:60.8. Brush on p. 1, characterized in that it is a toothbrush having a neck between the head and the handle, and the neck has a smaller cross sectional area than the head and handle.9. Brush on p. 8, characterized in that the flexibility of the neck is less than 12 Newtons when measured according CHN-HC-009.10. Brush on p. 9, characterized in that the bristles and the
FIELD: manufacture of toothbrushes.
SUBSTANCE: toothbrush has body made from polymeric composition comprising polypropylene and plastomer. Polymeric composition comprises 2-30 wt% of plastomer. Flow rate of melt for said polymeric composition is at least 10 g per 10 min. Bristles extend from brush body.
EFFECT: increased breakage resistance, improved flexibility and required rigidity of construction.
15 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl, 11 ex
FIELD: sanitary and hygienic articles.
SUBSTANCE: toothbrush has handle formed from opposite S-shaped parts joined with one another, with first part being made from relatively rigid material and second part being made from relatively flexible material. Opposite S-shaped parts define substantially elongated 8-shaped figure having upper and lower through openings. Also described are versions of toothbrush and method for controlling toothbrush head, involving arrangement of bristle carrying surface in accordance with curved configuration of teeth row.
EFFECT: improved quality of cleaning teeth.
26 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: methods for producing of toothbrushes by welding preliminarily manufactured thermoplastic toothbrush head to handle.
SUBSTANCE: method involves selecting toothbrush head made from material transmitting energy with wavelength of from 4.0 to 6.0 microns; selecting toothbrush handle made from material absorbing energy with wavelength of from 4.0 to 6.0 microns; aligning respective end surfaces of head and handle so as to form joint; exposing said joint to laser beam with wavelength of from 4.0 to 6.0 microns and output power of from 50 W to 400 W in the form of succession of pulses of 0.5-1.5 ms duration. Laser beam penetrates into toothbrush head and reaches joint, with laser beam energy being absorbed at joint part by energy absorbing material. It results in melting of head and handle surfaces around joint and alloying thereof. Two versions of the invention are described.
EFFECT: provision for producing high-quality toothbrushes from materials possessing various physical properties.
41 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: means for protecting of body parts.
SUBSTANCE: finger-stall comprises hollow member having open end for insertion of finger. Said member comprises first section connected to second section. First section is made from non-woven material and second section is made from elastic non-woven material. First section is connected with second section along seam. Two versions of cleaning parts including hollow member are also described.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and provision for reliable protection of body part.
34 cl, 16 dwg, 36 ex
FIELD: hygienic articles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed toothbrush has handle and head attached to handle and grip section on handle. Through hole is formed passing through grip section from one outer grip surface to the other. Through hole contains pliable material, being preferably soft elastomer mass moving in response to application of force. Said pliable material can be low-hardness elastomer. Two more design versions of toothbrush arte proposed, in one of which through hole contains pliable material held on both grip surfaces by thin envelope, and in other one, pliable material, which can be low-hardness elastomer, is glued to elastomer of higher hardness in through hole, higher hardness elastomer, being glued to rigid or semirigid material of handle.
EFFECT: convenience in use.
40 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: hygienic and sanitary articles.
SUBSTANCE: method involves manufacturing toothbrush with body comprising handle part, head part, and neck part disposed between handle part and head part. Functional units which are at least partly disposed within body include electrically actuated functional unit and electric power device equipped with power accumulator and designed for said functional unit. Body is manufactured by pressure casting from at least one rigid component serving as strength carrier and from at least one soft component. At least certain functional units are partly covered during forming of body by extruded facing from soft plastic component. Also, toothbrush manufactured using said method is described in Specification.
EFFECT: simplified manufacturing process and improved quality of toothbrush.
18 cl, 51 dwg
FIELD: articles of domestic utility.
SUBSTANCE: tooth brush contains a handle and a head with brushing components. The handle is hollow and has an outer bushing made out of elastomer material. The bushing has the first end directed towards the said head, and the second end distanced from the said head. Between the said ends there is a central portion which can be expanded for a selective increment of a diameter. A structure is designed in the bushing to apply force at the said hollow handle for expansion of the central portion from a primary to a bigger secondary diameter. This structure contains a pivotal shaft installed lengthwise inside the hollow handle, and an expanding wheel secured onto the shaft and containing a multitude of components transferring force and shifting from a circular position into a radial against the shaft. There is foreseen the variant of a tooth brush with an expanding wheel. The invention provides regulation of a tooth brush handle diameter, particularly for people with such disease as arthritis, which facilitates reliable tooth brushing for them.
EFFECT: fabrication of a tooth brush with a regulated diameter of a handle.
10 cl, 9 dwg