Heating device for liquid and gaseous media
The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used for heating liquids and gases, including air, industry, housing industry, agriculture, construction and transport, also in the gas industry for gas transportation. The objective of this invention is to provide a device for heating not only the liquid, and gaseous media, as well as reducing the cost of manufacture. The technical result is to simplify the design and increase functionality. This object is achieved in that the heating device for liquids and gases, consisting of a source of acoustic oscillations and closed loop circulating heat carrier mass, contains placed at the outlet of the compressor high-frequency acoustic filter representing the acoustic waveguide in the form of the discharge pipe, and the node of the resonance tuning in the form of wave reflector with adjustable slit formed between an end face of the waveguide and the reflector. This slit gap acoustic high-pass filter has a regulator. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.The invention relates to heat engineering and can be used ETBE, construction and transport, also in the gas industry for gas transportation.Closest to the claimed invention is a heating device, consisting of a working network of the pump with the actuator connected to the housing which has a cylindrical part and equipped with accelerator of the fluid, is made in the form of a cyclone, the end face of which is connected to the cylindrical body portion, and also including supply and return piping with shutoff valve, and an accelerator of the fluid is connected with the pump through the injection nozzle connected to the side of the accelerator of the fluid. This device is effective for heating only liquid media and not suitable for gaseous media. It is difficult to manufacture the individual nodes and expensive for the consumer. A disadvantage of this device is the low overall efficiency and increased noise levels (refer to patent RU No. 2045715, publ. 10.10.95. Bull. No. 28).Closest to the claimed invention is a heating device, consisting of a working network pump with electric supply and return piping with shutoff valves, block accelerator of the fluid in the form of snails, injection nozzles, connected to the rigidly interconnected canoodling nozzle with a cylindrical part, throttle, vortex tube with inside it a swirl, and to network the pump discharge pipe attached at the opposite end of which has a silencer, one output of which is connected to the upper manifold, and the other outputs through injection nozzles with boosters of fluid flow, each outlet of the vortex tube of the heat generator is communicated with the lower manifold, and the heat source comprises a fitted cylindrical part of the casing, in which is placed the brake device and the booster stage of the fluid, and further comprises another cylindrical part and the cylindrical part of the established housing is made in the form of vortex tubes, connected to the front side of the booster stage of the fluid that is made in the form of snails, each of which is equipped located coaxially with the centerline of the vortex tube accelerator bushing, the lower end of the latter is located in the plane of the upper end of the vortex tube, the upper and in the lower plane of the upper reservoir is hermetically installed above the boosters of movement.This unit has a low noise level and more effectively for nagrevateli (see the description of the patent RU No. 2132517, publ. 27.06.99. Bull. No. 18).The objective of this invention is to provide a device for heating not only the liquid, and gaseous media, as well as reducing the cost of manufacture.The technical result is to simplify the design and increase functionality.This object is achieved in that the heating device for liquids and gases, consisting of a vibration source and a closed loop circulating heat carrier mass, contains placed at the outlet of the compressor high-frequency acoustic filter representing the acoustic waveguide in the form of the discharge pipe, and the node of the resonance tuning in the form of wave reflector with adjustable slit formed between an end face of the waveguide and the reflector. When this wave reflector is made in the form of a plate, and adjustable slit is equipped with a regulator.In Fig.1 presents a General view of the device of heating liquid and gas media.In Fig.2 shows the frequency Nomograph for the practical choice of working overtones of the fundamental frequency acoustic phonons) and molecular (fovibrations.In Fig.3 - work area frequency characteristics of acoustic oscillations in the aquatic environment is aromasine material environments 1, acoustic waveguide 2, the resonant system configuration 3, the resonance zone configuration 4 and the coolant circuit 5. For water heating device is a closed girokonten, which consists of two main functional site. The first one is astatoreochromis the pump (1) providing multiple circulation of the working mass of the heat carrier, in this case water, in a closed hydrocontrol, as well as performing the role of a source of acoustic oscillations with frequency Vo=mn, where m is the number of revolutions per second of the rotor of the pump, a n - number of blades.The second functional unit is an acoustic high-pass filter, constructively placed at the output of the pump or blower and representing an extended, a certain length L of the acoustic waveguide 2 in the form of a penstock, a certain section d (the input part of hydrocortone) and equipped with a resonant system settings 3. The resonant system settings 3 consists of a wave reflector 6 of diameter D, the adjustable slit 7 and the controller 8. Slit clearanceacoustic high-pass filter has a controller 8, which is used when the led on the carrier. Thus, the system resonant setting 3, includes a wave reflector 6 and the controller 8, placed in a zone of resonance settings 4.Discharge pipe 2 to the length L between the reflector 6 and the edge of the rotating blades of the rotor of the pump forms a standing wave of acoustic vibrations. High-frequency acoustic filter is used to adjust the resonant overtone fI ,jthe fundamental frequency focharacteristic of normal vibrations of the molecules of the fluid - in this the example of water molecules in the range fo=3600-3750 Hz. While fo=3600-3750 Hz are tabular data molecular characteristics of selected media. Further from the resonance zone settings 4 water flows into the coolant circuit and returns to the pump 1 for repeated cycles of repeated heating circulating on the contour of the mass of the heat carrier.When designing a device for heating the coolant, geometrical parameters of the acoustic filter, such as length L, diameter d and the slit clearanceare determined by calculation from the initial data on the number of revolutions per second and the number of rotor blades specifically selected pump and with which the molecules. It must comply with the inequality D1,2 d, where d is the diameter of the acoustic waveguide 2, and D is the diameter of the reflector 6.In Fig.2 and 3 shows the frequency Nomograph for the practical choice of working overtones i fundamental frequency acoustico(phonons), paired close to the values of the overtones of the fundamental frequency fonormal vibrations of the molecules of the fluid (e.g. water).On the x-axis (see Fig.2) the numbers i, j overtones, each of which corresponds to a wavelength of=o/2, where a =0,1,2,3,.... Curve and depicts the dependence offiand conditionally shows the ideal selection of technical parameters of the pump m and n that satisfy the condition of equalityijmn, followed by a choice of rooms i work overtones and then the choice gap-typeacoustic filter graphic dependences presented monogram in Fig.3.Almost in Fig.2 depicts a curve constructed for mass-produced industrial the curve in comparison with the curve b it is easy to determine the overtonesiclosely related in value to the overtones of the fundamental frequency fo.So in Fig.3 shows a curve=f() required for the practical design of such devices. This pair of frequencies fij; 74 kHz60 kHz 37 kHz30 kHz; 18,5 kHz15 kHz, which allow you to make a choice gap-typeacoustic filter. Next, based on the ratio ofi=V/iwhere V is the speed of sound in water, the curve in Fig.3 practically defined the work of the slit gap of the acoustic filter. Thus, for the above-mentioned first pair of paired frequencies have8=8=2,01 cm and respectively7=4,03 cm,6=8,06 see thus, the proposed device is the effect of the forced excitation of acoustic phonons stationary energy States of the molecules of the fluid and subsequent return Teplova) range.In accordance with the invention was manufactured and tested prototype of the device of heating liquid and gas environments based on the use of the pump Shchelkovo plant AISNE mark KM-100-80-160A.
Claims1. Heating device for liquids and gases, consisting of a source of acoustic oscillations and closed loop circulating heat carrier mass, characterized in that it contains is placed at the outlet of the compressor high-frequency acoustic filter representing the acoustic waveguide in the form of the discharge pipe, and the node of the resonance tuning in the form of wave reflector with adjustable slit.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the wave reflector is made in the form of a plate.3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the adjustable slit is equipped with a regulator.
FIELD: low-power engineering, applicable as a component of windmills for production of heated water in houses not provided with centralized hot water supply.
SUBSTANCE: the friction heater has a tank with heated liquid, fixed and rotary disks coupled to the drive shaft for joint axial motion, and a propeller with the working force in the direction of the disks are installed in the tank. The novelty in the offered heater is the installation of additional fixed and rotary disks, the propeller is fastened on the drive shaft, and each of the rotary disks is installed between two fixed disks, and a float located above the propeller for rotation relative to the drive shaft and for axial motion on the latter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of heater operation at the same rotary speed of the drive shaft.
FIELD: cavitation and vortex heat generators; heating liquids in various hydraulic systems; activation of mixing, dispersion and chemical interaction processes.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydrodynamic heat generator is provided with liquid accelerator made in form of bladed impeller at guaranteed small clearance; it is mounted in circular bush provided with tangential passages located over periphery and used for connecting the peripheral surface of impeller with vortex cylindrical chambers found in bush through longitudinal slots in their lateral surfaces. Mounted at outlet of cylindrical vortex chambers are accelerating packings extending to braking chamber where cavity resonators are arranged. Bladed impellers may be of different types: open or closed-type centrifugal impellers at angle more than 90 deg. and centrifugal vortex impellers; vortex and braking chambers may be also made in different versions.
EFFECT: low losses of energy; enhanced stability of cavities; enhanced efficiency.
15 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: heating device comprises generator of heat energy and system for supplying heat to a consumer, which are interconnected through the supplying and discharging pipelines forming a closed contour. The contour has a net pump and at least one recirculation pipeline which receives at least one member provided with a converging pipe, diverging pipe, and one ring groove made between the diverging and converging pipes. The method of operation of the heating device comprises pumping the heat-transfer agent in the contour comprising at least one member with converging and diverging pipes. The heat-transfer agent is pumped under pressure which excludes the onset of cavitation in the heat-transfer agent flow.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
16 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; heating systems; water heating systems, public services, agricultural sector and transport facilities.
SUBSTANCE: steam from electric steam generator is delivered to jet apparatus nozzle where it is mixed with cold liquid flow for forming two-phase flow at acceleration to supersonic velocity. At mixing chamber outlet, this two-phase flow is decelerated for forming shock wave and converting the flow into liquid flow after shock wave. Then, flow is divided and one part is directed to heat exchanger of vortex tube where it is heated and directed for replenishment of electric steam generator. Other part is directed to nozzle apparatus where it is accelerated to supersonic velocity for forming two-phase flow, after which it is decelerated for converting it into liquid flow saturated with micro-bubble component. Nozzle apparatus outlet is connected with swirler inlet where vortex flow is formed; from swirler, flow is directed to vortex tube where heat is released and flow is divided into hot and cold components. From vortex tube, flow is directed to heat exchanger for transfer of heat to second loop; cooled liquid flow is directed to ejector inlet.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of plant.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises high-pressure pump, hydraulic motor, and safety device which are arranged in the tank under the level of fluid. The delivery space of the high-pressure pump is connected with the supplying passage of the hydraulic motor through the high-pressure pipeline which is made of a cylindrical coil whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the longitudinal axes of the housing, diffuser of the resonance vibrations , and ring made of a trancated cone. The discharging passage of the hydraulic motor is connected through the a pipeline with the sprayer whose longitudinal axis is coaxial to the axes of the deflector and head, longitudinal axis of the diffuser, longitudinal axis of the ring, and longitudinal axis of the magnetostriction emitter.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device for heating water comprises heat generator of pump type, which consists of housing that have cylindrical section and receives at least one member for acceleration of fluid flow made of working wheel composed of two disks which allow the working wheel to be set in rotation and disk made of a flat ring secured inside the cylindrical section of the housing in the zone of rotation of working wheel coaxially to it, one member for decelerating fluid flow made of a conical straightener, and heat exchange system connected with the delivery branch pipe and the pump. The disks of the working wheel define nozzles arranged closer to its face. The working wheel and unmovable disk define space of variable cross-section for sucking heated fluid through the nozzles and supplying it to consumers. According to a particular version, the working wheel can be mounted for permitting adjusting the spaces between its sides and lids at the inlet and outlet of the heat generator.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: heat production by means other than fuel combustion for premises water heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed cavitation-type rotary heat-generator has housing provided with heated-liquid inlet and outlet and cylindrical surface carrying two coaxial rings of which one is fixed in position relative to housing and other ring is set in rotary motion by drive shaft disposed coaxially with rings. The latter are provided with radial holes disposed in plane perpendicular to axis of revolution. External coaxial ring is revolving and internal one is fixed in position relative to housing, clearance of 0.5 to 3 mm being provided between external revolving ring and internal cylindrical surface of housing. Steel disk is turned onto threaded end of drive shaft and external revolving ring is turned onto its rim. Drive shaft has spider with steel spokes tightened by means of claw nuts installed in depressions of external revolving ring. Threaded end of drive shaft mounts metal head with rimmed textolite disk attached thereto; this rimmed disk carries external revolving ring. Diameter of holes in internal fixed ring is larger by 1.5 - 3 times that that of holes in external revolving ring. Hole number in external revolving ring is other than that in internal fixed one.
EFFECT: augmented cavitation processes occurring during rotor revolution which enhances heating efficiency.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering; generation of heat in the course of combustion; degassing liquid in the course of heating.
SUBSTANCE: proposed heat generator includes cyclone-type jet apparatus mounted vertically and provided with inlet branch pipe located in upper part and outlet branch pipe located in lower portion; it is also provided with expansion reservoir mounted above jet apparatus; upper cavity of this jet apparatus is communicated with expansion reservoir.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of degassing liquid; enhanced corrosion resistance; increased flow rate of liquid; reduced noise of pump.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: power engineering; use of geothermal heat in units using water from external sources.
SUBSTANCE: proposed plant includes vertical delivery well-bore running to earth's crust and vertical outlet well-bore located at some distance from delivery well-bore; provision is made for evacuation of vapor from this well-bore; plant is also provided with horizontal well-bore for connection of two vertical well-bores and at least one section of horizontal well-bore located in hot rock; all said well-bores are provided with casing pipes to exclude contact of liquid flowing through well-bores with soil or underground water; water obtained after condensation of vapor from outlet well-bore is pumped to delivery well-bore and is used repeatedly. Besides that, horizontal well-bore may be entirely located in rock; delivery and outlet well-bores enter hot rock; plant is provided with devices for delivery of water from delivery well-bore to horizontal well-bore. Water admitting to rock is not contaminated in such plant and may be used repeatedly.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: chemical and oil industry.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying methane-containing gas to the cavitation liquid (water), bringing the gas into contact with the cavitation liquid to produce exothermic reactions, withdrawing heat, and removing oxygen-organic compositions, highest hydrocarbons, and unreacted gases from the cooled liquid, and rising pressure of the purified liquid. The reaction between the methane-containing gas and cavitation liquid is carried out in the presence of catalyzers that contain carbides, nitrides, borides and oxides of metals. The unreacted gases are supplied to the methane-containing gas.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.