Electric generator

 

The invention relates to the field of electrical engineering, namely the electrical industry, and can be used for thermal power stations, steam generators and on ships. The technical result of the invention is to provide a cheap, environmentally friendly, energy-dense fuel directly from the water, improving performance and increasing the efficiency of use of fuel to produce electrical and thermal energy. The essence of the invention is that the generator is equipped with a water electrolyzer containing methoprene electrodes with tungsten needles, facing each other and are installed with the proper gap, the electrodes are placed in a rectangular or cylindrical container coaxially to each other. At the bottom of the tank electrolyzer installed the perforated tube aerator-the catalyst tube is connected to the compressor. The capacity of the cell is connected to the input tube with section capacity accumulation of condensate through the condensate line, electric pump and tank liquid alkali through the dispenser is equipped with a solenoid and relay time. The capacity of the cell is connected to the plasma torch located in the ionization chamber by means of steam pipes, arranged at a different angle, aimed at the plasma jet. The electrodes of the electrolyzer is connected to the AC power source through a rotary Converter, sensor of electric pulses and switches. 13 Il.

The invention relates to the electrical industry and can be used for thermal power plants steam generators and ships to produce electrical and thermal energy directly from the water.

Known electric generators containing a rotor, a stator winding and winding, which is induced EMF, steam turbine, steam generator, the condenser, the vapor compressor [1].

Steam generator is known, consisting of once-through boiler, combustion chamber, injector, coil pipes, through which water circulates by means of electric pump [1].

Famous torch consisting of a discharge chamber located between the two electrodes of the cathode from tungsten and an anode of copper in the form of a narrow hollow ring /nozzle/ with solenoid [2].

A disadvantage of the known electric generator is the high cost of fuel, environmental pollution.

The aim of the invention is the efficiency of use of fuel to produce electrical and thermal energy and increase productivity.

This objective is achieved in that the device is provided with a water electrolyzer containing methoprene electrodes with tungsten needles, electrodes are located in a vertical plane parallel to each other, needles, facing each other, between them set the proper gap, the electrodes are placed in a rectangular or cylindrical tanks in parallel or coaxial to each other, on the bottom of the tank electrolyzer installed the perforated tube aerator-catalyst, the pipe is connected with the capacitance of the accumulation of condensate by means of a compressor and a tube configured to move the compressed air in the capacity of the cell to improve the mixing of liquid alkali with water and separation of atoms of hydrogen and oxygen from water and transfer oxygen to the nozzle of the steam generator, the hydrogen in the plasma torch ionization chamber, the capacity of the cell is connected to the input tube with section capacity accumulation of condensate through the condensate line, electric pump and tank liquid alkali through the dispenser, the dispenser is equipped with a solenoid and relay time, capacity electrolyzer connected to the plasma torch located in the chamber ionization of water vapor by means of a tube, made possible with the and with the ability of oxygen to the nozzle. The ionization chamber equipped with a plasma torch, a reflector, a collector, steam pipes, equipped with nozzles arranged at a different angle, aimed at the plasma jet, made with the possibility of partial destruction and relaxation of molecular and ionic bonds and electrostatic attraction of ions in the water. Thus there is a separation from the water molecules of one or more electrons, the creation of free charge carriers, a partial release of deuterium and burning plasma to create a high energy to power a steam turbine electric generator.

A source of alternating current connected to the electrodes through a rotary Converter, sensor of electric pulses and switches made with electrodes at different operating modes: constant electric current at a nominal voltage to a pulsating direct current at rated voltage; when a constant electric current at high voltage; in the case of pulsating DC electric current at high voltage and changing the direction of the electric current at the cathode and the anode.

The novelty of the claimed technical solution due to the fact that accounts for the state of the water during electrolysis. Oxygen is used as fuel generator, hydrogen is used for ionization of water vapor by plasma torch. Due to the plasmatron is the ionization of water vapor to the partial destruction of the molecular and ionic bonds and the partial destruction of the electrostatic attraction ionic bonds in water vapor, the gap from molecules of water vapor of one or more electrons and the creation of free charge carriers, a partial release of deuterium and its combustion to create a high energy to power a steam turbine electric generator.

Due to the connection of the AC source electrodes of the electrolyzer through the rotary Converter, sensor of electric pulses and switches provide electrodes, cathode and anode at different operating modes: constant electric current at rated voltage; pulsating DC electric current is at nominal voltage; a constant electric current at a high voltage; in the case of pulsating direct current at high voltage, the direction of electric current on the electrodes.

In the study of the claimed technical solution according to the patent, scientific and scientific-technical the characters.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

in Fig.1 shows a General diagram of the device of the electric generator;

in Fig.2 - jet steam turbine;

in Fig.3 - the movement of ions during electrolysis;

in Fig.4 and 5 variants cameras ionization of water vapor and the location of the steam pipes with nozzles;

in Fig.6 - device cell according to the first embodiment;

in Fig.7 and 8 variants of the partitions and device anti-tank;

in Fig.9 - diagram of the device cell according to the second variant;

in Fig.10 is a diagram of the fabrication of the electrode in the first embodiment;

in Fig.11 is an electrical diagram of the operation of the cell at different operating modes;

in Fig.12 - cell according to the third variant, top view;

in Fig.13 - electrolyzer 4 version.

The device consists of an electric generator 1, consisting of a stator 2, a rotating part of the rotor 3, on the inner surface of the stator 2 is winding 4 AC. The generator 1 is equipped with a steam generator 5, a capacitor 6 pair, the electrolytic cell 7. The capacity of the electrolytic cell 7 is made of a dielectric material. The coils 8 of the steam generator 5 is connected with a steam turbine 9 through the steam line 10, the camera 11 (Fig.4 and 5) ionization of water young para. At the end of the steam pipe 10 is located the nozzle 12.

The camera 11 for ionization of water vapor can be performed in the following ways: spherical shape, a cylinder shape, or a rectangle, or polygon, or oval or in the shape of a truncated cone. In all variants outlet pipe steam pipe has a conical form, providing the opportunity to improve the removal of ionized water vapor. The plasma torch 13 can be installed in three ways: over the camera 11, under the camera or on the side of the camera 11. The plasma torch 13 includes a frame 14, a cathode 15 and the anode 16, the solenoid 17, the discharge chamber 18, the cyclone 19 for supplying hydrogen fuel, compressed air and argon. The tube 20 is designed to supply water for cooling the cathode 15, the tube 21 for supplying water for cooling of the anode 16.

The frame 14 is made of durable refractory dielectric material. The cathode 15 is made of refractory material of tungsten in the form of a tube with welded bottom, where there is expansion. Tubes 20 and 21 are connected to the water system (not shown) and a capacity of 72, made with the possibility of cooling the electrodes 15 and 16 and removal of water in section 86 of the tank 72. The anode 16 is made in the form of a narrow hollow rings of copper, performs the function of the power circuit. The AC source is connected to the ignition coil 23. Nozzle 12 and the steam pipe 10 can be installed in the chamber 11 in the following ways.

The first option.

The nozzle 12 of the steam is directed to the plasma jet in the center of the flames. The steam line is located in a horizontal plane perpendicular to the axis of the plasma jet. The compressor 24 is connected to the cyclone 19 of the plasma torch 13 through tube 25. The container 26 containing liquid argon, is connected with a tube of the cyclone 19 of the plasma torch 13 through tube 27, which are made with the possibility of blowing plasma jet swirl inert gas of argon and compressed air to raise the temperature of the plasma up to 20000 K, a neutral atmosphere, preventing contact of the plasma jet with the surface of the electrodes and improve the ionization of water vapor.

The steam pipe 10 with the nozzle 12 can be performed in the second variant.

The second variant differs from the first by the fact that the steam is supplied by a manifold 28 having a branched tube 10 steam lines that are installed in the chamber 11 from different sides, the nozzle 12 is directed into the center of the flame tube 10 is installed in a horizontal plane and perpendicular to the axis of the plasma jet.

The steam pipe 10 with the nozzle 12 Majewski steam 10 directed on all sides of the plasma jet at an acute angle.

The steam pipe 10 with the nozzle 12 can be performed in the fourth embodiment. The fourth option is the same as the third option, is the fact that all of the tube lines 10 are curved in one of the parties and is arranged to supply a jet of steam to accelerate the turbulence of the plasma jet for giving it a rotary motion.

The steam can be executed in the fifth embodiment. The fifth option is the same as the third and fourth options, differs from them in that the tube 10 steam is directed parallel to the walls of the chamber 11.

The steam pipe 10 can be performed in the sixth embodiment. The sixth option is the same as the second and third options, differs from them in that the camera 11 is equipped with a reflector 29 of the plasma jet and water vapor. The reflector 29 is located between the walls of the chamber 11, and a plasma jet is made of double-walled copper plates in the form of a cylinder or oval or cone. The reflector 29 is equipped with a coil 30 inductance, rigidly fixed on the walls of the reflector 29, the space between the walls of the reflector 29 is connected with the steam pipe 10. About plasma torch 13 on the reflector 29 posted by tube 31 located on all sides at an acute angle to the plasma jet having a bending in one direction, that provide the p plasma jet for blowing a jet of plasma vortex flow to make the plasma jet accelerated rotational motion and improve the ionization of water vapor, exceptions contact of the plasma jet with the surface of the reflector 29, the compression ionized water vapor mixing plasma with steam and the formation of a homogeneous mass and feeding into the steam turbine.

The device of the pipelines can be executed in the seventh embodiment. Seventh variant differs from the first by the fact that the cathode 15 is made in the form of a tungsten tube connected to the steam line, made with the possibility of movement of water vapor in the center of the plasma jet.

The steam can be executed in the eighth embodiment. The eighth option is the same as the seventh variant differs from it in that part of the steam moves through the tubular tungsten cathode 15, and a portion of the steam is fed through the manifold 28 in the steam tube 10 and nozzle 12, is arranged to move the pair combined Central and lateral surfaces of the plasma jet.

The capacity of the electrolytic cell 7 is equipped with a cathode 32 and anode 33. The capacity of the electrolytic cell 7 is connected to the tank 34 by means of a metering device 35 liquid alkali (sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide) and the tube 36. The dispenser 36 includes a cylinder 37, the piston 38, a switch 39. Dispenser 35 is connected to a rod 40 of a solenoid 41. The solenoid 41 contains a ferromagnetic core 42 and the spring 43. The solenoid low, resistant to electrolyte made of a dielectric material in a rectangular form.

The capacity of the electrolytic cell 7 contains the cover 4-5, the gasket 46, the upper base capacity are lugs 47 with holes (not shown) to the valve 48. The valve 48 is made a hole with screw grooves, into which is screwed the screws 49, which provides sealing and sealing cover 45. In the capacity of the cell 7 are slots 50, which is equipped with electrodes 32 and 33 rigidly fixed to the vessel 7.

The electrodes 32 and 33 is made in the form of a metal brush containing plate 51 made of stainless steel, the surface of which is rigidly fixed tungsten needles 52, located perpendicular to the plane of the plate 51. Plate 51 is located in a vertical plane perpendicular to each other. The needles 52 are arranged horizontally, the ends of the needles 52 one electrode aimed at the ends of the needles of the other electrode. The needle 52 of the electrodes 32 and 33 are installed with proper clearance. Between the electrodes 32 and 33 is set to the partition wall 53, containing under a layer of electrolyte at a depth of 3-4 cm from the surface of the liquid window 54 or openings 55. For ease of installation and rigid mounting of the needles 52 to the reservoir) produce standard, one of length, width, thickness. On a plate put dye vertical and horizontal lines for the same interval. At the intersection of horizontal and vertical lines perform slot holes 56 corresponding to the diameter of the needles 52. The holes 52 set and rigidly fix the needles 52, according to the level of the height of all of the needles 52. Section capacity of the cell 7, filled with oxygen, is connected with the nozzle 57 by means of the pipeline 58 and valve 59.

The nozzle is arranged to move the air-oxygen fuel from the tank 7 to the nozzle 57 of the steam generator 5 and the fuel control through valve 59. Section capacity of the cell 7, filled with hydrogen, is connected to the plasma torch 13, located in the chamber 11, by means of the pipeline 60 and valve 61, which provides the ability to move hydrogen from the tank 7 of the cell into the chamber 11 and the plasma torch 13.

In the capacity of the cell 7 is the electrolyte is alkaline distilled water containing caustic soda or caustic potash. In the capacity of the electrolytic cell 7 has a level controller 62 connected to an electric pump 63 by means of an electric circuit. In the bottom base of the tank 7 is located and is in between the electrodes 32 and 33, which can operate in multiple modes, such as the AC power source 22 is connected to the electrodes 32 and 33 through the rotary Converter 65 and electrical switches 66 and 67, configured to convert alternating current into direct current at rated voltage.

The electrodes 32 and 33 can be performed in the second embodiment. The second option is the same as the first, differs from it in that the electrodes 32 and 33 is connected to the AC power source 22 through the rotary Converter 65 current and sensor electrical pulses 69 and electrical switches 66 and 68 are designed to convert alternating current into direct current and an electrical pulse at the rated voltage of the electric current.

The electrodes 32 and 33 can be performed in the third embodiment. The third option is the same as the first variant differs from it in that the electrodes 32 and 33 is connected to the AC power source 22 through the rotary current transducer 65 and electrical switches 56 and 70, made with the possibility of conversion of electrical AC to DC conversion of low voltage - aka, as a third option, differs from it in that the electrodes 32 and 33 is connected to the AC power source 22 through the rotary Converter 65 current sensor electrical pulses 69 and the switches 66 and 71, configured to convert the electric current into direct current, low voltage to high voltage and the creation of high-voltage electric pulses.

The electrodes 32 and 33 can be performed in the fifth embodiment, the fifth option is the same as 1-4 options, differs from them in that the switches 67, 68, 70 and 71 in the electrodes can change the direction of the electric current to the electrodes, the cathode becomes the anode, the anode - cathode, it allows you to automate the clearing of precipitation of alkali.

In the vessel 72 drive condensate is the vacuum pump 73. Aerator 64 capacity of the cell 7 is connected to a compressor 74, is arranged to supply compressed air into the capacity of the cell 7 to conduct aeration of the electrolyte, separation bubbles of hydrogen and oxygen from water and oxygen supply to the nozzle 57 of the steam generator 5, and hydrogen in the plasma torch 13 of the chamber 11. The capacitance of the capacitor 6 pair contains the coil 75 is connected by a tube 76 with a steam turbine 9 and emccoy with an electric magnet 78 by means of an electric circuit. Electric magnet 78 is located in the valve 79. The valve 79 is composed of a spherical concave chamber 80, made of bronze, in the upper base of the chamber 80 is an electric magnet 78 in the lower base of the chamber 80 - hole 81. In the chamber 80 is a ball 82, made of stainless steel. The valve 79 is installed in the water supply network 83. Capacity 72 contains a partition 84 which divides the tank into sections 85 and 86. In section 85 is the condensate without impurities fresh water, condensate is suitable for the electrolysis of water into hydrogen and oxygen. In section 86 contains the condensate is mixed with fresh water. Section 85 is connected to the capacity of the cell 7 by means of a condensate line 87 and an electric pump 63. Section 86 of the tank 72 is connected to the coil 8 of the steam generator 5 by means of electric pump 88 and condenser 89.

The capacitance of the capacitor 6 are connected in a closed cycle with a heating radiator panels 90 and shower installation, faucet through the heat exchanger 91 and the electric pump 92 that are located in residential, public and industrial buildings or greenhouses or conservatories, using water pipes 93 and an electric pump 94. On water supply pipes 94, the valve 95. In the summer PE the soup water pipes 97 and electric pump 98.

The steam generator 5 includes a pipe 99 to remove smoke and gas. Steam turbine 9 includes a housing 100, the camera fresh pair 101, the discharge piston 102, the connecting steam pipe 103, the rotor 104, blades 105, vanes 106. Electrode, the cathode 32 and the anode 33 is supplied with electric switches 67, 68, 70,71, made with the possibility of switching electrical circuits for changing the direction of electric charges on the electrodes 32 and 33. The electrolytic cell 7 can be performed in the second embodiment. The second variant differs in that the electrodes 32 and 33 is made in the form of stainless steel plates.

The electrolytic cell 7 can be performed in the third embodiment. The third option is the same as the first variant differs from it in that the electrolytic cell is made in the form of a rectangular battery 107 containing methoprene electrodes 32 and 33, where in the extreme plates 51 are installed tungsten needles 52 on one side only. The Central electrode contains needle 52 from both sides. This plate 51 serves as both a partition made with the possibility of free movement of ions, but prevents mixing of hydrogen and oxygen. The battery 107 can contain several sections. All sections of hydrogen is connected macrogenerator 5 using pipeline 58.

The electrolytic cell 7 can be performed in the fourth embodiment. The fourth option is the same as the first variant differs from it by the fact that the capacity of the cell 7 and the electrodes 32 and 33 is cylindrical shaped, fitted and fixed coaxile to each other.

The electrolytic cell 7 can be performed in the fifth embodiment. The fifth option is the same as the fourth option, differs from it in that the electrolytic cell 7 is made in the form of a cylindrical battery 108. All sections of oxygen are interconnected and the nozzle by means of the pipeline 58 and all sections of hydrogen are interconnected and the plasma torch 13 by means of the pipeline 60.

In the vessel 72 in the upper base is vacuum regulator 109. The electric generator can be executed in the sixth embodiment. The sixth option is the same as 1-5 options, differs from them in that the pipeline 10 through the branch coupler is connected with a steam turbine 9, the second sleeve pipe 10 is connected to the ionization chamber 11 made with the possibility of combined use of steam, the steam part is moved in the steam turbine 9 without ionization, the other part of the vapor is ionized in the chamber 11 by means of the plasma torch 13.

The electric generator may be made in sedim the generator 5 is connected to the cyclone 19 of the plasma torch 13 in the ionization chamber 11.

The device operates as follows. Open the valves 59 and 61 in the pipeline 58 and 60. Dnipropetrovsk oblast rounded out the electrical circuit supplying electric pumps 88 63, 92, 94 or 98, the compressor 74, the plasma torch 13, solenoids 17, time relay 44, the vacuum pump 73, the ignition coil 23, the electrodes 32 and 33. The compressor 74 moves the compressed air through the tube into the container of the cell 7, the tube aerator 64, the compressed air exits through the holes in the tube between the electrodes 32 and 33. In the process of electrolysis, water is decomposed into hydrogen and oxygen, which are allocated in the water in the form of bubbles. The compressed air moves upward through the layer of electrolyte absorbs bubbles of hydrogen and oxygen, removes them from the water and moves it to the nozzle 57 of the steam generator 5 under pressure from the compressor 74. Ignition coil 23 ignites the gas mixture fuel by means of electric sparks. During combustion of the air-oxygen mixture creates a flame of fire in the nozzle 57. In addition to the oxygen from the electrolysis of water, in addition to the amount of 21% oxygen comes from the air flow through the compressor 74. The torch heats the coil pipe 8, which circulates the water, the water is heated and converted into steam. The vapor is transported into the chamber 11 of ionization.

Work geezerette this happens the gas vortex. The gas vortex, passing between two electrodes under the action of the magnetic field of the solenoids, perpendicular to the plane of the nozzle, forcing the current channel arc to revolve flowing anode ring, under the influence of compressed air and argon gas is formed whirlwind blew over the arc column, cooler gas under the action of centrifugal forces one's pressing away to the walls of the chamber, isolating them from contact with the arc, thus there is stabilization of the arc gas “spin". Passing through the nozzle, hydrogen, compressed air containing nitrogen 78,1%, argon 0.9 percent, the gas molecules are ionized rotating plot arc, hydrogen, nitrogen, argon, helium into the plasma in the arc discharge between the refractory cathode made of tungsten, and a water-cooled copper anode, made in the form of a narrow ring-nozzle using a solenoid. 21% oxygen is burned in a plasma arc.

Steam tube 10 containing the nozzle 12 can operate in the following versions: steam moves to the line 10 through the nozzle 12, which is directed to the plasma jet in the center of the flame perpendicular to the axis of the plasma jet. The collision of water vapor from the plasma under the action of high temperature plasma and electromagnetic field water vapor ionizing free charge carriers, partially dissolved molecular and ionic bonds and the electrostatic attraction of ions in water, water vapor have new properties, electrical conductivity, are more vulnerable during electrolysis to split water vapor into hydrogen and oxygen.

Steam tube 10 with nozzles 12 can operate in the second embodiment. The second option is the same as the first, is the fact that the steam pipe 10 provided with a manifold 28. From the manifold 28 branches network of steam pipes 10 with nozzles 12, which are installed in the chamber 11, is directed perpendicular to the center axis of the plasma jet from different sides. When this occurs the collision of water vapor with plasma from all sides and ionization of steam.

Steam tube 10 with nozzles 12 can operate in the third embodiment. The third option is the same as the second option, differs from it in that tube lines 10 from all sides directed to the plasma jet at an acute angle to its axis. When this plasma jet is blown with water vapor, the ionization of steam.

Steam tube 10 with nozzles 12 can operate in the fourth embodiment. The fourth option is the same as the third option, is the fact that all of the tube lines 10 are curved in the same direction. When this occurs, the who's who of the pair.

Steam tube 10 with nozzles can work in the fifth embodiment. The fifth option is the same as 3-4 options, differs from them in that tube lines 10 with the nozzle 12 is directed along the walls of the chamber 11.

Steam tube 10 with nozzles 12 can work in the sixth form. The sixth option is the same as 2-3 options, differs from them in that the camera 11 is equipped with a reflector 29 of the plasma jet and steam. The reflector 29 is located between the walls of the chamber 11, and a plasma jet.

The reflector 29 is made of double-walled copper plates in the form of a cylinder or oval or cone. The reflector 29 is supplied by the inductor 26 rigidly mounted on his wall. In the space between the walls of the reflector 29 is supplied water vapor, which, moving through the space, additionally heated and comes at an acute angle to the plasma jet. Thus there is an additional twist of the plasma jet and steam. The coil 30 generates a magnetic field rotating plasma jet in addition to this, the jet of steam is directed at a certain angle, affect stream of plasma, accelerating its rotation. Under the action of centrifugal force and water vapor by ionization of one's pressing away and replaced to moan in the seventh embodiment. The seventh option is the same as the first variant differs from it by the fact that water vapor is fed through the tube of the cathode 15. The nozzle 12 is located at the end of the tube of the cathode 15. Water vapor is fed through a tungsten cathode 15 in the center of the plasma jet. At high temperature plasma and the magnetic field under the action of centrifugal force, the water vapor is mixed with plasma and pushed it outside the jet. When this occurs, the active ionization of water vapor. Water vapor is not allowed to liquefy the cathode 15.

Steam tube with nozzle 12 can operate in the eighth embodiment. The eighth option is the same as the seventh variant differs from it in that part of the steam is fed through a tubular cathode 15, and a portion of the steam through the manifold 28 to the steam tube 10. When this occurs, the active ionization of water vapor.

Ionized vapor moves in a steam turbine, having a very high temperature and high pressure received from the compressor 24, the plasma torch 13 from the plasma jet and the process of ionization of steam. The vapor is transported to the steam turbine 9 with pressure P1and the speed WithAbout. Steam enters the hole 101 of the camera fresh pair. The steam pressure falls on the movable and stationary crowns blades 105 and napravlyayus the speed WithIn. The steam leaves the turbine 9 through the exhaust tube and is moved to the coil 75 of the capacitor 6. So the steam pressure before and after the crowns are not equal. The drum 104 with great force tends to move along the axis to balance this force in the turbine 9, in which is mounted a discharge piston 102. The difference in effort from the steam pressure on the piston from both sides balances the drum 104 and drives the electric generator 1, which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

Electric energy through the wires moves to consumers towns and villages. The pressure and temperature of water vapor is the main parameters of the steam turbine. The higher the settings on the turbine inlet and below they are output from the turbine 9, the more energy steam turbine uses 9. In order to reduce their output from the turbine 9, the steam is not released into the air, and send it to the coil 75 of the capacitor 6, the cooled vapor turns into condensate, moves the holding tank 72. Capacity 72 is equipped with a vacuum pump 73 and the vacuum regulator 108. In the tank 72 by negative air pressure, removing any air bubbles decreases the outlet pressure. To increase the inlet pressure, a compressor is supplied compressed air in the cyclone prosmotr the cold water in the condenser 6. In condensatore 6 water circulates through pipes 93 heating radiator battery 90 by means of electric pump 94. Radiator batteries 90 are located in residential, public and industrial buildings, greenhouses, glasshouses. In the condenser 6 steam and condensate circulating in small circles, water - vicious circle. Steam from the steam generator 5 are mixed up on the steam pipe 10 into the chamber 11, the water vapor is ionized by the plasma jet by means of the plasma torch 13. Partly destroyed and relaxed molecular and ionic bonds, partially destroyed and relax electrostatic attraction of ions in water vapor, is detached from the water molecules of one or more electrons, the creation of free charge carriers, partial exemption and the burning of deuterium. In addition, the compressor 24 delivers the compressed air and inert gas for blowing a jet of plasma, as a result, the working gas is hydrogen, nitrogen, argon, helium into the plasma. This creates a high energy, used steam turbine, the exhaust steam from the steam turbine 9 is moved to the coil 75 of the capacitor 6. In the condenser 6 water vapor is cooled and moved to the holding tank 72 by means of the So is the circulation in the small closed circle of steam and condensate.

In a large closed circle water circulates from the capacitor 6, is moved through water pipes 93 through the heat exchangers 91 and electric pumps 92, the heating radiator battery 90, or panel, or heaters, and pumps 94, located in residential, public, or industrial buildings, greenhouses, glasshouses.

Heat for room heating hot water is passed through the heat exchangers 91 and the heating radiator battery 90, there is water cooled and is moved to its original position in the capacitance of the capacitor 6 by means of electric pump 94, 92 and water pipes 97 or water circulates through the water pipe 93 through shower installation, cooling tower 96 by means of electric pump 98 and pipes 97 and moved to its original position in the capacitance of the capacitor 6. As soon as the water level in the tank 6 and 72 will be reduced below specified limits, the controller 109 operates and closes an electrical circuit supplying electrical magnet 79. Under the action of electromagnetic fields the ball 82 is moved to the upper base, the hole 81 of the valve opens, water is moved through the opening 81 in the capacitance of the capacitor 6 or in section 86 of the tank 72. After filling the container 6 or 72 to the proper level controller 77 is from its own weight is moved to the initial position at the bottom of the base and closes the hole 81. Distilled water (condensate) is moved to section 85 of the container 72, after filling it flows through the wall 84 in the partition 86. In section 86 at different levels of the regulators set level 77 which automatically maintain the liquid level. In section 85 of the tank contains a condensate without admixture of fresh water that is intended for submission to the capacity of the electrolytic cell 7 for electrolysis of water. In section 86 of the container 72, the water is mixed with the condensate and is moved to the coil 8 of the steam generator 5. The vacuum pump 73 and the vacuum regulator 109 automatically maintain the proper level of vacuum to improve steam generators steam turbine 9. The electrodes 32 and 33 can work in different modes, in several versions.

The first option. Dnipropetrovsk oblast rounded out the electrical circuit feeding the electrodes 32 and 33 with the AC power source 22 through the rotary current transducer 65 (Fig.11) electrical switches 66 and 67. When this occurs, the conversion of AC to DC current at rated voltage.

The electrodes 32 and 33 can work in the second embodiment. The second option is the same as the first option, it is what happens to the electric circuit of the electrodes 32 and 33 source priceskah switches 66, 68. When this occurs, the conversion of AC to DC and creating electrical pulses to the electrodes 32 and 33 with electrohydraulic effect at the rated voltage of the electric current.

The electrodes 32 and 33 can work in the third embodiment. The third option is the same as the first variant differs from it in that when the electric circuit by means of switches 66 and 70 of the electrodes 32 and 33 with the AC power source 22 through the rotary Converter 65 current and sensor electrical impulses 69 converts alternating current into direct current, low voltage - high voltage and the creation of high-voltage electric pulses. When passing a constant electric current in the electrodes 32 and 33 are electrochemical processes in the electrolyte: positively charged ions-cations move to the cathode and negatively charged ions-anions to the anode. Ionized distilled water subjected to the repeated process of vaporization, ionization and condensation has new properties: electrical conductivity and electrostatic attraction of ions in the water. When this water is decomposed into hydrogen and oxygen in the form usercallback, in the bottom base of the tank 7 above the electrodes 32 and 33 is moved through the fluid layer from the bottom up, their bubbles absorb the bubbles of hydrogen and oxygen, removes them from the water and moves oxygen to the nozzle 57 of the steam generator 5, and the hydrogen in the plasma torch 13 ionization chamber 11. Adjustment of the fuel supply is made with the help of gates 59 and 61.

Periodically after a certain period of time 44 actuates and opens the electrical circuit powering the solenoid 41. Under the action of the force of the spring 43 of the rod 40 is moved in the cylinder 37, moving the piston 38. While a metered dose of liquid alkali (sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide) is moved from the cylinder 40 of dispenser 35 through the pipe 36 from the tank 34 into the container of the cell 7. In the process of electrolysis ions move freely through the window 54 of the partition 53, complicated mixing of hydrogen and oxygen above the liquid surface. Using an electric switches 67, 68, 70, 71 through a certain period of time to produce switching of electrical circuits for changing the direction of electric current in the electrodes 32 and 33. Before switching the electric current to stop the operation of the electrolyzer, using valves to change the direction of movement of hydrogen and the ski switches 67, or 68, or 70, or 71.

The acceleration of the electrolysis process takes place through the catalyst 64 is in the form of a perforated tube, made of Nickel, palladium. The electrolyte is in contact with the catalyst 64, this changes the rate of a chemical reaction. The catalyst enters into the intermediate interaction with the electrolyte. The catalyst 64 by the end restores its structure and allows chemical reactions with high speeds at low temperatures. The compressed air supplied by a compressor 74, moves oxygen to the nozzle by means of the pipeline 58. The air contains oxygen by volume and 21%, by weight of 23.1% of the total composition. All the oxygen is burned in the nozzle 57 of the steam generator 5, thereby heating the water in the coil 8 of the steam generator. Then all the operations are repeated. As soon as the water level in the tank 7 will be reduced below the prescribed level, the controller 52 operates and closes an electrical circuit supplying electric pump 63. Electric pump 63 moves the ionized distilled water from the tank 72 into the container 7. As soon as the water level in the tank 7 will rise to a given level, the level controller 52 actuates and opens the electrical circuit supplying electric is Oh, as the first, differs from it in that the electrodes 32 and 33 is made in the form of plates.

Electrolysis can be performed in the third embodiment. The third option is the same as the first variant differs from it in that the electrolytic cell is made in the form of a rectangular battery 107 containing methoprene electrodes 32 and 33, where in the extreme plates 51 are installed tungsten needles 52 on one side only, the neutral electrode contains needles from two sides. The Central plate is a partition made with the possibility of free movement of ions, but prevents mixing of hydrogen and oxygen. The battery 107 may contain two or more sections. Sections of hydrogen are interconnected and the plasma torch 13 by means of the pipeline 56. Section oxygen interconnected and nozzle 57 of the steam generator 5 by means of the pipeline 58.

The electrolyzer can operate in the fourth embodiment. The fourth option is the same as the first variant differs from it by the fact that the capacity of the cell 7, the electrodes 32 and 33 and the partition wall 53 is made of cylindrical shape, is installed coaxile each other.

The electrolytic cell 7 can run in the fifth embodiment. The fifth option is the same as the fourth variant differs from the of ikorodu interconnected and nozzle 57 by means of the pipeline 58, sections of hydrogen are interconnected and the plasma torch 13 by means of the pipeline 60.

The electric generator can work in the sixth form. The sixth option is the same as 1-5 options, differs from them in that the tube 10 through the branch coupler is divided into two branches (not shown), one sleeve pipe 10 is connected with a steam turbine 9, and the other with the ionization chamber 11 and is made with the possibility of combined use of steam, the steam part is moved in the steam turbine 9 without ionization, the other part is ionized in the chamber 11 by means of the plasma torch 13. Adjust the amount of steam is carried out with the help of valves.

The electric generator can run in the seventh embodiment. The seventh option is the same as 1-6 options, differs from them in that the combustion chamber of the steam generator 5 burns all the oxygen received from the capacity of the cell 7 and the oxygen 21% of the air volume. Nitrogen (78% by volume) of air does not support combustion, remains inert (Polytechnical dictionary. - M., 1976, S. 19). Gases from the steam generator 5 by means of a pump and pipes (not shown) are moved in the cyclone 19 of the plasma torch 13. In the cyclone 13 is hydrogen capacity of the cell 7 and gases from the steam generator 5, 78% and the and turn into plasma (Polytechnical dictionary. - M., 1976, S. 361). This increases the efficiency of fuel usage.

Sources of information

1. Polytechnical dictionary. - M., 1976, S. 579, 346, 36.

2. The great Soviet encyclopedia. 5th ed., so 19, S. 606.

Claims

Electric generator containing a rotor, a stator, winding, winding, which is induced EMF, steam turbine, steam generator, the condenser, the vapor compressor, wherein the device is provided with a water electrolyzer containing methoprene electrodes located in a vertical plane parallel to each other, needles, facing each other, containing a proper gap, the electrodes are placed in a rectangular or cylindrical container coaxially to each other, on the bottom of the tank electrolyzer installed the perforated tube aerator-catalyst, the pipe is connected with the compressor and configured to move the compressed air in the capacity of the cell for the separation of the atoms of hydrogen and oxygen from water, the movement of oxygen to the nozzle of the steam generator, the hydrogen in the plasma torch ionization chamber water vapor, the capacity of the cell is connected to the input tube with section capacity accumulation of condensate through the condensate line,the electrolyzer is connected to the plasma torch, located in the ionization chamber by means of a tube, is arranged to supply hydrogen to the plasma torch, the plasma torch is connected to the compressor, the capacity of the cell is connected to the nozzle of the steam generator is arranged to supply oxygen to the nozzle, the ionization chamber equipped with a plasma torch, a reflector, a collector and steam pipes located under a different angle, aimed at the plasma jet, made with the possibility of partial destruction and relaxation of molecular and ionic bonds and electrostatic attraction of ions in water, separation from water vapor molecules of one or more electrons, the creation of free charge carriers, partial release of deuterium and burning it to create a high energy to power a steam turbine electric generator, the electrodes of the electrolyzer is connected to the AC power source through a rotary Converter, sensor of electric pulses and switches made with electrodes at different operating modes: constant electric current at rated voltage; pulsating direct current at a nominal voltage; a constant electric current at high e.g. the on the electrodes.

 

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1 cl, 1 dwg

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