Synthetic detergent for washing clothes

 

The invention relates to detergents and can be used both for manual and machine washing and soaking of all kinds of textile products, including non-ferrous, and other household needs. The specified synthetic detergent, contains in wt.%: anionic surfactants 10,0-13,0; nonionic surfactants - "sinterol" 2,0-3,0; sodium tripolyphosphate 20,0-30,0; or sodium tripolyphosphate and (20,0-25,0); sodium citrate (2.0 to 3.0); peroksigidrat urea, CO(NH2)2&H2O210,0-15,0; carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) of 0.3-0.4; polycarboxylate “it also” 0,1-0,2; glass liquid sodium 3,0-4,0; soda ash 5,0-10,0; optical Brightener of 0.2-0.3; antifoam 0.5 to 1.0; tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED) 1,0-2,0; 4-methyl-2,6-ditertbutyl (4-methyl-2,6-DTBP) from 0.005 to 0.20; odorant 0,05-0,20; ferments (enzymes) 0,6-1,0; inhibitor of migration of the colorant ChromaBond P-400z miniature” 0,05-0,10; the sodium sulfate and water to 100. The technical result is stabilization of detergent properties during long-term storage and the reduction of foaming means, as well as achieving a more pronounced white light fabrics and paint brightness. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 3 tables.

The invention relates to detergents and can be used for both R fabrics, with protein, starch and blood contamination, and other household needs.

Known synthetic detergents containing anionic and nonionic surface-active substances (surfactants), crystalline zeolite, soda, silicates, water-soluble polymer, sodium sulfate, perfume, water [U.S. Pat. Germany No. 3644808, IPC C 11 D 3/20, 1993, Pat. U.S. NO. 3962149, IPC C 11 D 3/20].

Also known pasty detergents containing synthetic fatty acids, surfactants, bleaches, water, mineral supplements, such as alkylsulfate sodium [IVA - OST 6-15-543-87], sodium chloride ["Lily" - GOST 22567-15-96].

But known detergents have an unpleasant odor and low foaming and washing capacity.

To eliminate the unpleasant smell of detergent add fragrances perfume, and to improve detergency and additionally enter in the composition of organic and inorganic additives.

Known detergent for washing, additionally containing silicate type of smectite in the number of 3,0-15,0% [U.S. Pat. Germany No. 3702067, IPC C 11 D 3/20, 1984] and 2.0-10.0% of notinitialized [U.S. Pat. Germany No. 3709931, IPC 11 D 3/30, 1984].

The disadvantages of these methods are the high content of silicates in the detergent, resulting in poor rastvorosmesitelnoj chemical industry their high prices abroad make it impossible to release affordable detergent.

Also known Laundry detergent comprising anionic and nonionic surfactants, ethoxylated fatty acid, CMC, complexing agents, mineral supplements, enzymes, optical brighteners, defoamers, perfume, sleek additive - bentonite clay [U.S. Pat. UK No. 2207144, IPC 11 D 3/12, 1992].

But this means, as above, has insufficient washing ability.

Known washing Laundry detergent containing anionic and/or nonionic surfactants, sodium tripolyphosphate, a mixture of inorganic additives, such as sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate, liquid glass, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), bleach, water [U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2081156, IPC C 11 D 3/20, 1994].

But this tool also has a relatively low washing ability and does not provide sufficient softness of the products after washing.

Also known detergent containing surfactants, soluble complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate, useful additives - sodium bicarbonate and carbon dioxide, sodium chloride, fillers - sodium silicate, sodium sulfate, antiresonant - CMC, optical otbelivanie is estva is insufficient washing ability tools and universalist, i.e., the impossibility of its application for all types of underwear, especially for color, resulting in the flushing of the paint. In addition, during long-term storage of detergent is the deterioration of its quality: caking, clumping, which generally reduces its cleaning ability.

Also known detergent containing surfactants, oxygen bleach, bleaching activator, soluble complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate with citric acid, mineral supplements - ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Trilon B), tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED), a proteolytic enzyme (protease, amylase) and other optional additives, is as optical brighteners, perfumes [U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2169176, IPC C 11 D 3/386, 1996].

The main disadvantage of the known detergent is a high concentration of expensive oxygen bleach, which affects its cost, lack of cleaning ability tools and universalist, i.e. the impossibility of its application for all types of underwear, especially for color, because the flushing of paint, a high level of foaming. And this cleanser is preferable to use for soaking linen.

Known moyou hands, causing an allergic reaction that is especially true with hand washing, and is not a high washing capacity.

Also known detergent containing anionic and nonionic surfactants, zeolite, modifying additives, such as sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium carbonate, components bleaching, sodium sulphate, CMC, antifoam [U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2182164, IPC 11 D 3/39, 3/12, 3/06, 1997].

The main disadvantage of the known tool is the high content of zeolites and surfactant, which leads to higher detergent, and, in addition, keep a large amount in the composition of sodium sulfate corrode washing machines, produce if machine washing, as well as low propulsively tissues that when you rinse linen leads to a large consumption of water.

The closest technical solution prototype is a detergent containing anionic and nonionic surface-active substances (surfactants), antiresonance - soluble sodium silicate, carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate, mineral supplements - soda ash, sodium bicarbonate, optical bleach, oxygen bleach, tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED), the inhibitor so Of the Russian Federation No. 2177985, IPC 11 D 1/83, 3/39, 3/386, 2000].

But this cleanser is unstable during long-term storage, is caking powder change the color of the funds due to the resistance of the composition to oxidation, its clumping, especially when packaged in large containers (paper bags), which generally reduces its quality and ability, great foam, making them difficult to machine washing. In addition, the tissues may re-deposition of dirt.

The technical object of the present invention is to stabilize washing detergent properties during long-term storage, including achieving a more pronounced white white (bright) tissues and improving overall brightness of the product, reduced foaming, paint brightness.

The problem is solved in that the synthetic detergent for washing clothes, containing anionic and nonionic surface-active substances (surfactants), antiresonance - glass liquid sodium and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate, mineral supplements - soda ash, optical bleach, oxygen bleach, tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED), Inga is raised, however, as nonionic surfactants used sodium salt carboxymethylamino of ethoxylate of isononylphenolsinterolas complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate or sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium citrate, as oxygen bleach - peroksigidrat urea, as antiresonant - polycarboxylate "it also", as an inhibitor of migration of the dye - polymer-based pyridine ChromaBond P-400z miniature, and further comprises 4-methyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol (4-methyl-2,6-DTBP) in the following ratio, wt.%:

Anionic surfactants 10,0-13,0

Nonionic surfactants - "sinterol" 2,0-3,0

Sodium tripolyphosphate 20,0-30,0

or sodium tripolyphosphate 20,0-25,0

and sodium citrate 2,0-3,0

Peroksigidrat urea 10,0-15,0

(CO(NH2)2 &H2O2)

Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) of 0.3-0.4

(in recalculation on 100%

the mass fraction of the main substances)

Polycarboxylate 0,1-0,2

"It also"

Glass liquid sodium 3,0-4,0

(in terms of SiO2)

Soda ash 5,0-10,0

Optical Brightener of 0.2-0.3

Antifoam 0,5-1,0

Tetraacetylethylenediamine 1,0-2,0

(TAED)

4-Methyl-2,6-di-tertbutylphenol from 0.005 to 0.20

(4-methyl-2,6-DTA and sulfate

sodium 100

Sodium bicarbonate detergent contains 0-5,0 wt.%.

Sodium salt carboxymethylamino of ethoxylate of isononylphenol- "Sinterol", is a compound having the General formula

R-C6H4-O(C2H4O)nCH2COONa.

where R is isononyl; n - 6, 10, 12.

The it also is a copolymer of methacrylic, acrylic, maleic acid, their esters the following structural formula:

ChromaBond P-400z miniature is a polymer based on pyridine-poly-4-vinylpyridine-N-oxide following structural formulas

Depending on the molecular weight and markets the company ISP offers a series of products "ChromaBond". In predlozhennom case using ChromaBond P-400z miniature molecular weight 28-32 thousand

Use as nonionic surfactants "Sinterol", and as a useful additive "Acremon will increase ability means to enhance the activity of the surfactants.

Moreover, it also prevents re-deposition of dirt and reduces water hardness and improves the particle size distribution and flowability of the detergent.

Introduction in the detergent composition of peroksigidrat cigerate urea has a beneficial effect on the fabric, reducing its destruction.

The inclusion in the composition of the bleaching activator of TAED can improve the quality of washing and to ensure a more complete removal of dirt from the fabrics, and also to give a more pronounced white products from white fabrics. In addition, will allow you to wash at lower temperatures (40-60C). In addition to the bleaching properties of the system peroksigidrat urea + TAED has a disinfecting effect.

As you know, ethoxylated surfactants, optical brighteners and peroxide compounds tend storage loses its properties as peroxide in time, especially in the light, quickly break up and activate the decomposition of the above connections going through a radical mechanism. 4-methyl-2,6-di-tertbutylphenol(4-methyl-2,6-DTBP) is an effective stabilizer wide steps for polymeric materials, fats, oils, including for the food industry. Enter it in the detergent composition will prevent collapse of the peroxide and organic compounds by a radical mechanism containing unsaturated and hydroxyethyl group, thereby to improve the resistance to oxidation and to preserve the ability, the bleaching properties and co content in the composition of Acremon and 4-methyl-2,6-DTBP, probably are some synergies that allows us not to absorb moisture from the environment, especially during long-term storage, thereby maintaining the dispersion, color and all operational properties, and ability tools for long term storage.

The presence in the formulation of an inhibitor of migration of the dye ChromaBond R-400z miniature will improve the appearance of the product, saves paint on colored fabrics, not allowing them to slip away, and in General gives the product a more pronounced updated look.

For the preparation of detergent as anionic surfactants are known to use many surfactants, which are described in U.S. patent No. 3929678 from 1975.

The most preferred anionic surfactants in detergent compositions are linear alkylbenzenesulfonate.

In the proposed washing compositions using linear alkylbenzene-sulfonate sodium - sulfonic acid by STF 00204872-15-P), or a mixture of the sulfonic acid with soap or Soaps of fatty acids, including fatty acid synthetic fraction C17-C20according to GOST 23239-89 and caustic soda technical GOST 2263-79 for the saponification of fatty acids, or a paste of alkyl sulphates and synthetic fatty acids on THE 38.10755-80;

As the nonionic surfactants used in the ve agents, suitable for use in the present invention include inorganic P-containing detergent builders, such as tripolyphosphate according to GOST 13493, or THE 2148-037-00194441-02, or THE 2148-095-43499406-98, or THE 113-00-05759020-25-95); or a mixture of tripolyphosphate to sodium citrate on THE 2499-003-00343237-98.

Used as bleach peroksigidrat urea on THE 2136-111-25556678-2001 significantly better than the known peroxide bleaches perborate and percarbonate sodium.

Glass sodium use HOST-81, or GOST 13079-93, or THE 2145-026-00204872-2002.

Components regulating pH of the medium is sodium carbonate (soda ash - GOST 5100-85) and sodium bicarbonate (HOST-76).

The sodium sulfate is used according to GOST 21458-75 or GOST 6318-77, or THE 2141-084-00209527-99, or THE 21-249-00204168-92.

As antiresonant use carboxymethylcellulose technical (CMC) brand 70/300, 75/400 or 85/700 on THE 6-55-40-90, or THE 2231-017-32957739-02, or Cancel 0(1) TU 2231-001-35193780-96 or THE 2389-011-262839127-96.

As odorants used perfumes for Soaps and detergents, for example, on THE 64-19-137-91, or THE 10-04-16-31-87, or LV-05-94 or other commercially available perfumes.

As optical brighteners use bleach, for example, Belfor KD-2 6-1 OTHERS (Czech Republic) - for the synthetic and mixed fabrics, or other commercially available optical brighteners.

As antifoam use polymethylsiloxane brand PMS-100, or PMS-200, or PMS-300 OST 6-02-20-79, or other commercially available defoamers.

Used 4-methyl-2,6-DTBP - white crystalline powder, is produced in accordance with TU 38.5901237-90.

The use it also on THE other 2492-001-46270704-2001.

TIED imports.

Sodium carbonate (soda ash) - according to GOST 5100-85.

Sodium bicarbonate - HOST-76.

The sodium sulfate according to GOST 21458-75 or GOST 6318-77, or THE 2141-084-00209527-99, or THE 21-249-00204168-92.

Inhibitor transfer dye - ChromaBond P-400z miniature imports.

Enzymes - use preparations of the enzyme or Everlase 6.0 T, or Everlase 8.0 T, or Everlase/Durabil 4. 8/12, or Catalase Ultra, containing protease, amylase, lipolase - import.

Detergent is prepared as follows.

In a glass reactor equipped with a jacket heater, load the calculated amount of water, surfactants, herstory, which is prepared separately by mixing the stated quantity of liquid glass, water, CMC, Acremon, optical bleach at room temperature. Then into the reactor at a constant who I am. Heated to a temperature of 60-80C and at this temperature was kept for 20-30 minutes. Next, the resulting composition is dried to a moisture content of 5-15%. The dry product is ground and then add to it peroksigidrat urea, enzymes, antifoam, TED, the odorant.

The method of introducing the 4-methyl-2,6-DTBP in composition - our KNOW-HOW.

The preparation of the claimed composition are presented in table.1, the indicators in the table.2, the performance after a long period of storage of detergent (example 4) and prototype - in table.3.

When using detergent containing the claimed components in a larger ratio than the claimed impractical in smaller - not achieved the claimed technical result.

Evaluation of stability during storage is determined in a heat chamber at 100% humidity and a temperature of 35With over 28 days, the equivalent of 12 months of storage powder synthetic detergent (CMC) in practical terms.

Ability is determined by standard methods GOST 22567.15-95 as the ratio of the degree of removal of the contamination of the test solution of detergent to the extent of removing the pollution solution composition comparison to artificially is 32D/chr/176.gif">With in a laboratory washing machine "Minipost".

Whitening ability is determined in accordance with GOST 22567.11.82 relative growth of white fabric at bleaching test detergent to the growth of the white of the same fabric bleaching composition comparison (temperature 90With the concentration of the solution is 10 g/l, time - 30 minutes).

Based on data presented, we can conclude that the claimed synthetic detergent will expand the range of high-quality CMC has high consumer properties, not inferior in cleaning and whitening ability of the analogs and the prototype, and the storage stability even surpasses them. In addition, we offer the detergent composition has a much lower than that of the prototype, the height of the column of foam that makes it widely used in modern high-speed automatic washing machines.

Claims

1. Synthetic detergent for washing clothes, containing anionic and nonionic surface-active substances (surfactants), antiresonance - glass liquid sodium and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), complexing agents - tripolyphosphate NAT is etilendiamin (TAED), inhibitor of migration of the dye, enzymes (Enzyme), an antifoam, a fragrance, a filler is sodium sulfate and water, characterized in that as the nonionic surfactants used sodium salt carboxymethylamino of ethoxylate of isononylphenol - "Sinterol", as complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate or sodium tripolyphosphate and sodium citrate, as oxygen bleach - peroksigidrat urea, as antiresonant - polycarboxylate "it also", as an inhibitor of migration of the dye - polymer-based pyridine ChromaBond P-400z miniature, and further comprises 4-methyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol (4-methyl-2,6-DTBP) in the following ratio, wt.%:

Anionic surfactants 10,0-13,0

Nonionic surfactants - "Sinterol" 2,0-3,0

Sodium tripolyphosphate or 20,0-30,0

Sodium tripolyphosphate and 20,0-25,0

Sodium citrate 2,0-3,0

Peroksigidrat urea (CO(NH2)2H2O2) 10,0-15,0

Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) (in recalculation on 100% mass fraction of the main substances) of 0.3-0.4

Polycarboxylate "it also" 0,1-0,2

Glass liquid sodium (in terms of SiO2) 3,0-4,0

Soda ash 5,0-10,0

Optical Brightener of 0.2-0.3

Antifoam 0,5-1,0

Tetraacetyl Simi) 0,6-1,0

Inhibitor transfer dye

"ChromaBond P-400z miniature" of 0.05-0.10

Water and sodium sulfate To 100

2. Synthetic detergent under item 1, characterized in that as the sodium salt carboxymethylamino of ethoxylate of isononylphenol used as a compound of General formula

R-C6H5-O(C2H4O)nCH2COONa - sinterol,

where R is isononyl;

n = 6, 10, 12.

3. Synthetic detergent on PP.1 and 2, characterized in that as polycarboxylate "it also uses asymmetric polycarboxylate molecular weight of 250 thousand

4. Synthetic detergent on PP.1-3, characterized in that ChromaBond P-400z miniature is a polymer based on pyridine - poly-4-vinyl-pyridine-N-oxide molecular weight 28-32 thousand

5. Synthetic detergent on PP.1-4, characterized in that it further comprises sodium bicarbonate in the amount of 0-5,0 wt.%.

 

Same patents:

Synthetic detergent // 2230101
The invention relates to detergents and can be used both for manual and machine washing of all types of textile products, as well as for other household needs

The invention relates to products for cleaning household surfaces

The invention relates to the technical detergents for handling the technological equipment of the dairy industry from burns and "milk stone", made of glass, plastic, metal or combinations of these materials

The invention relates to a method of stabilizing insoluble colorant containing hypochlorite compositions intended for bleaching fabrics and hard surfaces

The invention relates to the field of dyeing and finishing production and, in particular, to a method for removal of excess dye from printed or dyed fabric or yarn, comprising processing a rinsing solution containing at least one enzyme exhibiting peroxidase or LACCASO activity, in a concentration of 0.005 to 5 mg protein enzyme per 1 l of a solution for rinsing, oxidizing agent, mediator - 1-hydroxybenzotriazole in a concentration of from 1 μm to 1 mm and, optionally, additives

The invention relates to an improved method for producing a detergent in the form of a gel and can be used for cleaning sanitary products, boiler equipment, household and industrial premises

The invention relates to detergent-disinfectants and can be used for sanitization underground maintenance, cleaning and disinfection of milking machines with a long pipeline

The invention relates to a paste-like compositions of detergent designed for washing and decontamination of clothing from various tissue and polymer materials

The invention relates to compositions intended for cleaning and disinfection of surfaces in the household, which, in particular, are well suited for use on surfaces that are not horizontal, common bathrooms and toilets

The invention relates to biotechnology; multicomponent system for mediated mediated enzymatic oxidation includes (a) an oxidation catalyst chosen from the group margantsovistyh oxidase, (b) an oxidizing agent chosen from the group comprising oxygen and oxygen-containing compounds, b) the mediator from the group of compounds containing Mn ions

The invention relates to the field of dyeing and finishing production and, in particular, to a method for removal of excess dye from printed or dyed fabric or yarn, comprising processing a rinsing solution containing at least one enzyme exhibiting peroxidase or LACCASO activity, in a concentration of 0.005 to 5 mg protein enzyme per 1 l of a solution for rinsing, oxidizing agent, mediator - 1-hydroxybenzotriazole in a concentration of from 1 μm to 1 mm and, optionally, additives

The invention relates to a paste-like compositions of detergent designed for washing and decontamination of clothing from various tissue and polymer materials

The invention relates to multiphase detergent tablets, and how they are used in washing machines

The invention relates to synthetic detergents used for washing textiles

The invention relates to detergent compositions for soaking

The invention relates to a method for cleaning and disinfecting processing unit foods, as well as to the solid block composition with enzymes

The invention relates to a concentrate cleaner for cleaning medical and/or surgical instruments and/or apparatus containing at least one ionic surfactant, at least one solubilizer, at least one proteolytic enzyme and water, characterized in that as the ionic surface-active substances it contains salt (C5-C12) alkylsulfate and further comprises at least one alkanolamine in the following ratio, wt.%: Sol (C5-C12) alkylsulfate 0,5-8,0, solubilizer 4,0-15,0, alkanolamine 4,0-10,0, a proteolytic enzyme in an amount of from 0.005 to 0.1 Anson units/g purifier, water up to 100

Synthetic detergent // 2230101
The invention relates to detergents and can be used both for manual and machine washing of all types of textile products, as well as for other household needs
Up!