The method of loading a self-propelled equipment on a railway platform and rail vehicle for implementing the method

 

The invention relates to rail trucks for transportation of bulky machinery and methods of loading. The method of loading a self-propelled equipment on a railway platform provides hanging from the side of the loading end portion of the platform by means of jacks, the tripping frame platform with transport frame and rolling, by means of jacks lowering the end portion of the platform to contact with the rails of the railway track and centering relative to the last, the installation in the operating position by the end of the platform of the device for entry, installation of self-propelled vehicles by independent movement on the platform. Then the device for entry transfer into the transport position by means of jacks raised to a predetermined height of the end portion of the platform with self-propelled equipment, install running trolley jacks return to its original state and fix self-propelled equipment relative to the platform. Railway vehicle includes a platform 1 on the carrier trucks 2, on the ends of which the side ends of the hinged device 3 to enter self-propelled, mounted on the frame between the rails of the railway track. End of the platform is made with centering support elements that interact with the rails of the railway track in a lowered position the end portion of the platform. The invention improves security. 2 S. and 3 C.p. f-crystals, 10 ill.

The invention relates to railway freight platforms for transportation of bulky self-propelled vehicles comprising, for example, recovery trains, and can be used, in particular, on electrificadora the section of railway track during loading and unloading of large self-propelled machinery on the place of restoration works.

The use in regenerative trains large self-propelled machinery, the handling of which is carried out by independent movement, necessitates the creation of railway vehicles, loading-unloading them when carrying out restoration work on electrificadora the section of railway track can be performed without the risk of damaging high-voltage contact wire and/or suspension.

There is a method of loading automobiles in freight cars, providing per the acceptable length of the car, then the cars by independent movement mounted on the frame and attach special marks (Technical conditions of loading and securing cargo /Ministry of Railways of the USSR // - M.: Transport, 1969. - S. 212-215). After loading the mobile frame roll in the car and fix. The known method provides the possibility of loading cars on their own with end or side loading platform, for which the end part of the movable frame has a rotary platform with folding ladder. However, the known method involves carrying out loading and unloading using fixed end or side loading docks (piers) that does not meet the target performance recovery trains, the deployment location of which is determined by the location of railway traffic accidents, where a stationary platform, most likely no.

There is a method of loading trucks in a railway carriage, which is carried out by the device according to application EP 0273354 A2, 61 D 47/00, 3/18, 1988. According to the method of loading and unloading of cars produced on the side of the wagon, which use the loading dock, which is mounted to a horizontal U-shaped guide rails, located perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the car. The guides are provided with extensions, opens to the side and laid on the cargo platform of the station. For loading vehicle loading platform on rollers roll on the cargo platform of the station. After hitting a loading platform of the car again last draw in the car. There is a method allows the loading of lorries in the car without complicated maneuvers and for a short time.

However, the known method of loading and unloading involves carrying out loading and unloading with the use of stationary side loading platform.

There is a method of loading and unloading of vehicles, which is accepted by the application JP 63-58458, 61 D 3/18, 1988. In a known method is used installed in the fall, made on the railway platform, the turntable equipped with a rotational drive having a hinged end side, which can ascend and descend. For loading and unloading the turntable rotates about a vertical axis and corresponding lower end Board. Then by independent predvideni the BA thing, it cannot be used in conditions of limited lateral dimensions of space.

Also there is a method of loading a self-propelled equipment on a railway platform recovery trains, which is carried out by the device illustrated in the book: Restoration work on the Railways /N. In.Vasiliev, R. A. Rodionov, O. I. Komarov and others/edited by C. M. Shitova, N. A. Sheludko. - M.: Transport, 1993. - S. 110-111. The known method provides before loading the installation from the end of the train platform device for entry (escapement), then self-propelled machinery (for example, a tractor or truck) by independent movement set to a predetermined position on the platform and fixed relative to the last. As devices for entry (descent) use mechanical traps in the form of inclined guides for descent and entry of self-propelled vehicles equipped with actuators raise and lower traps.

The disadvantages of this method include the fact that the entrance to the platform, as well as the exit of the platform are carried out under a relatively large angle, resulting in loading on railway platform large self-propelled (for example, a mobile crane)to the high-voltage contact wires, that does not meet the requirements for safety at work. Along with this there is a risk of damage to high-voltage contact wires and/or suspension speakers up elements of large self-propelled equipment.

The closest to the essential features of the present method is a method of loading a self-propelled equipment on the railway platform, which is a device on the bus.St. SU # 677966, 61 D 47/00, 1979. The known method provides for the installation into the operating position by at least one end of the railway platform of the device for entry, installation of self-propelled vehicles by independent movement on a railway platform and fixation relative to the last self-propelled equipment.

However, the known method of loading, as discussed above, the method of loading a self-propelled equipment on a railway platform recovery trains, does not allow loading of large self-propelled equipment.

Known freight car for transporting lightweight cargo, equipped for carriage of vehicles, comprising a platform at sea trucks (Technical conditions of loading and Vigna frame, winch with manual and electric drive. The car has a large bivalve face the door through which the movable frame is equipped with supporting rollers, moves inside the car on the rails laid on the floor of the car body. In the process of vicodi mobile frame of a carriage on rails down the hinged support. That the frame is not moved inside the car, fix it with the hitch - emphasis. The frame forward of the winch manually or electrically driven. Cars can be shipped as an external load-lifting mechanisms, and its course from the end or side loading platform, for which the end part of the movable frame has a rotary platform with folding ladder. For fixing cars mobile frame is equipped with special marks.

However, the known device involves carrying out loading and unloading using fixed end or side loading docks (piers), which excludes the possibility of its use for recovery trains that do not require the presence of such loading platforms on the place of restoration works.

Famous railway car with the device loading and unloading when the unloading of trucks on the side of the car without complicated maneuvers and for a short time. The car has mounted on the lower support belt loading platform with rollers that are installed with the possibility of rolling on a horizontal U-shaped guide rails located perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the car. U-shaped guides provided with extensions, opens to the side and laid on the cargo platform of the station. Loading platform on rollers rolls out of the car on the cargo platform of the station, and after hitting her car again drawn into the car. For optimal use of space wagon loading platform is divided into sections.

The disadvantages of the known devices include the fact that it can be used only in the station, because involves loading and unloading with rack (cargo platform station).

Known cargo wagon turntable for transportation vehicles (accepted application JP 63-58458, 61 D 3/18, 1988). Known cargo carriage includes a bearing platform running on trucks equipped with external pivoting brackets and supports. The Central part of the supporting platform located between the directional trolleys made to decrease. The decrease is turning PLA is tform provided with a rotational drive and mounted for engagement with the rollers, mounted respectively on the carrier platform and the remote turning the last brackets. Loading-unloading freight cars is carried out by independent movement of the car. While the turntable pre-turn about a vertical axis in the position of handling and lower the corresponding end Board turntable. In the position of handling the load of the turntable is perceived external pivoting brackets.

A disadvantage of the known device is that it cannot be used in conditions of limited lateral dimensions of space.

Famous train platform for carrying wheeled vehicles to patent RU 2151703, 61 D 3/18, 60 P 3/06, 2000. Railway platform includes a carrier frame with a thin beam with a two-track roadway, equipped with deck and pivotally attached to the front sides with salesoutlook. The flooring is made with salesoutlook and with decreasing relative to the top of the cap beam. The roadway is equipped with removable brake shoes. Unloading wheeled vehicles is as follows. The platform served to end jamnik end shoes transported technique moves forward or back (depending on the orientation relative to the loading area), moving into the groove formed by colocotroni on the border of the roadway platform.

However, the known device involves loading and unloading with the use of stationary end loading docks (piers) that does not meet the target performance recovery trains.

Also known device for transporting a self-propelled tracked vehicles given in the book of Restorative work on the Railways /N. In.Vasiliev, R. A. Rodionov, O. I. Komarov and others/edited by C. M. Shitova, N. A. Sheludko. - M.: Transport, 1993. - S. 110-111. The known device for the carriage, self-propelled crawler technology provides a platform for running trucks equipped with mechanical traps in the form of inclined guides for descent and entry self-propelled machinery (such as tractors or tractor). Ladders have powerful guides edges to facilitate the entry of self-propelled vehicles on the platform and is equipped with mechanical and manual actuators lowering and lifting ladders. Side ladders platform has an additional adjustable feet that keep the platform from tipping over during entry and exit of self-propelled vehicles. To limit the movement of the transported vehicle in the transverse relative to the PLA is senic respectively of the tractor or Prime mover. When installing tractors or tractors on the platform they are fixed. In the bottom part of the chassis frame of the last weld additional hooks by which steel cables fix a tractor or truck from longitudinal movement. Such points of attachment on the tractor or Prime mover must be at least four. Cable harness have a tensioner. For unloading cable mounting under vehicles self-propelled vehicles enclose special wedges, which are attached to the platform. The platform is completed with timber (sleepers), which at the place of descent and entry of tractors and of tractors placed on a railroad track, to avoid damage to its superstructure.

However, in the known device the entrance to the platform, as well as the exit from the platform self-propelled equipment is carried out under a relatively large angle, resulting loading on the platform of the large self-propelled (for example, a mobile crane) on electrificadora road site acting up the last elements can be unacceptably close to high-voltage contact wire that does not meet the requirements for safety at work. Along with this there is a risk stand the things of self-propelled vehicles. This deficiency can be eliminated by reducing the angle of the end ladders, but it is associated with a significant increase in the length of the latter, which is impractical for constructive reasons.

The closest to the essential features with the inventive rail vehicle, is the device listed in the description by the author. St. SU # 677966, 61 D 47/00, 1979. Famous railway vehicle, mainly for the transportation of self-propelled vehicles, provides the platform for running the trucks on the ends of which the side ends of the hinged device to enter a self-propelled equipment.

However, the known rail vehicle has the same drawbacks as discussed above, the device for transportation of a self-propelled tracked vehicles.

The problem solved by the invention is the provision on electrificadora the section of railway track safe loading and unloading rail vehicles with large self-propelled equipment, for example, for rehabilitation.

Specified single task object method is solved by the fact that in the known method have been recovered from the pile at least one end of the railway platform of the device for entry, installation of self-propelled vehicles by independent movement on a railway platform and fixation relative to the last self-propelled vehicles, according to the invention prior to installation in the working position to the entry end of the railway platform, located side loading, hang out by means of jacks for attachment of the frame rail platform with the appropriate transport frame rail platforms. You unhook the frame rail platform with a running truck. Rolling chassis cart and use the jacks end of the railway platform is lowered until it touches the rails of the railway track with its tilt and centering relative to the last. And after the installation of self-propelled vehicles on a railway platform device for entry transfer into the transport position. Then, using jacks produce lift at a predetermined height mentioned end portion of a railway platform in conjunction with self-propelled equipment. Wheel running carriage under the railway platform, the latter is lowered onto the chassis of the truck and make the grip of the undercarriage frame zeleznodoroznogo platform.

The technical result of the use of the proposed method is that it provides electrificadora the section of railway track safety improvement works during loading and unloading rail vehicles with large self-propelled equipment, for example, for rehabilitation. This reduces the risk of damage to high-voltage contact wires and/or suspension speakers up elements of self-propelled vehicles.

Specified single task in the exercise of invention the device object is solved by the fact that the famous railway vehicle for transportation of a self-propelled vehicle comprising a platform on the carrier trucks, on the ends of which the side of the ends of the hinged device to enter a self-propelled equipment, according to the invention is supplied mounted on the frame of the platform between the undercarriage bogies two pairs of hydraulic jacks. The case of each of the hydraulic jacks rigidly fixed on the frame of the platform, the rod has a supporting element for engagement with a rail of the railway track. Hydraulic jacks of each pair are mounted on the frame platform with possible the Askania end portion of the platform in the absence of the undercarriage for tilting the platform to contact with the rails of the railway track. At this end of the platform is made, each with centering support elements that interact with the rails of the railway track in a lowered position the end portion of the platform. By lowering the end portion of the platform to contact the appropriate centering of the support platform elements with the rails of the railway track is provided by reducing the angle of the ramp, which is the loading-unloading train of the vehicle by movement of self-propelled vehicles own speed. Thus, during loading and unloading rail vehicles on electrificadora the section of railway track provided mounted air standards the minimum allowable gap (for example, 375 mm) between the protruding upwards elements of large self-propelled (for example, a crane boom) and high-voltage a contact wire.

Together with this basic element of the rod of the hydraulic Jack is made in the form of a fork car safety and sarcina connected to the housing of the hydraulic Jack by means of a flat rod mechanism fixing the position of the reference elemt the surface of the cylinder with radius corresponding to the radius of the wheels of the undercarriage platform.

In addition, a railway vehicle provided with a set on the platform mechanisms of balancing these devices to enter self-propelled equipment. When this latter is in the form of ramps.

Railway vehicle may be provided with a detachable lanyards of various sizes, mounted between the elements of the gearing, performed respectively on the platform and self-propelled machinery.

The technical result of the proposed use of the railway vehicle is that it provides electrificadora the section of railway track safety improvement works during loading and unloading rail vehicles with large self-propelled equipment, for example, for rehabilitation. This reduces the risk of damage to high-voltage contact wires and/or suspension speakers up elements of self-propelled vehicles.

It is claimed railway vehicle due to the peculiarities of its design execution, in particular, hydraulic jacks, mounted on the frame boards for attachment with the corresponding transport frame and the lower end portion of the platform in the absence of the undercarriage before contact with the rails of the railway track, and also the fact that the end of the platform is made, each with centering support elements that interact with the rails of the railway track in a lowered position the end portion of the platform, provides, according to the proposed method, electrificadora the railway way of loading large self-propelled railway vehicle with the provision prescribed by the regulations, the minimum allowable air gap between the protruding upwards elements of large self-propelled equipment and high-voltage a contact wire and thereby achieve the specified objectives of the inventions.

Thus, the claimed group of inventions to meet the requirement of unity of invention, since the group runobject inventions form a single inventive concept, both group object of the invention is aimed at solving the same problem for a single technical result.

In Fig.1 schematically shows a railway vehicle in transport position after loading self-propelled machinery, General view; Fig.2 - rail vehicle in Transpo posted at position one of the end parts of the platform in the absence of the undercarriage, General view of Fig.4 - railway vehicle in position for loading and unloading, General view (shown embodiment of the ramp), and Fig.5 - hydraulic Jack in extended operating position; Fig.6 - this is the same view As in Fig.5; Fig.7 - supporting element of the rod of the hydraulic Jack. interacting with the rail, the element B in Fig.5; Fig.8 - hydraulic Jack with a flat rod mechanism in position for loading and unloading rail vehicles; Fig.9 platform with ramps, hydraulic jacks supporting and centering elements, view from the side edge of the platform in the transport position; Fig 10 - centering supporting elements, interacting with the rails of the railway track in a lowered position the end portion of the platform.

Railway vehicle for transportation of a self-propelled vehicle includes a platform 1 on the carrier trucks 2. Each transport frame 2 is Saturday, made with easy release with the drawbars of the undercarriage (not shown). At the end of the platform 2 hinged device to enter a self-propelled equipment from the ends of the platform. In the embodiment of the device for entry of the relevant mechanism trim 4 ramps. In the embodiment of the invention, mechanisms trim is made, for example, a spring. In another embodiment, the mechanisms of balancing can be performed, for example, in the form of torsions.

Railway vehicle provided with two pairs, for example, hydraulic jacks 5, which are mounted on the frame 6 of the platform 1 between running 2 trucks. Hydraulic jacks of each pair are arranged symmetrically relative to the longitudinal plane of symmetry of the platform 1. The housing 7 of each hydraulic Jack 5 is rigidly fixed on the frame 6 of the platform. Each Jack has a piston rod 8 with the supporting member 9 for engagement with the respective rails 10 of the railway track. In the embodiment, the supporting elements 9 of the rod 8 are each in the form of forklift safety. Interacting with the rail surface of the support element 9 is a part of the surface of the cylinder with radius R corresponding to the radius of the wheels of the undercarriage 2. Due to this, the load from the hydraulic Jack 5 is applied to the rail 10 in the same way as applied to the rail load from the wheels of the undercarriage. The support element 9, hinged to the casing 7 of the respective hydraulic to the th element of the rod. Flat rod mechanism 11 holds the plug safety device (i.e., the rod 8 with the supporting element 9) from rotating relative to the rigidly mounted on the frame 6 of the platform 1 of the housing 7 of the hydraulic Jack and, thus, assures proper orientation of the fork-lift device relative to the frame of the platform, and, consequently, the rails of the railway track. The form of the support element 9 of the rod provides a guaranteed “capture” of the rail, on both rectilinear and curvilinear section of railway track regardless of the position of the longitudinal axis of the platform 1 relative to the position of the longitudinal axis of the chassis trucks 2.

Hydraulic jacks installed in pairs, with the possibility of marking the end of the platform to release the platform 1 with the corresponding transport frame 2 and the lower end portion of the platform in the absence of cart before contact with the rails 10 of the railway track. End of the platform is made, each with centering support elements 12 and 13, interacting with the rails 10 of the railway track in a lowered position the end portion of the platform 1. Centering the supporting elements 12 and 13 when lowering the end portion of the platform on the rails perform the role in the m direction. In the embodiment of the invention the centering supporting elements 12 and 13 are l-shaped profile and mounted respectively on the ends of the frame 6 of the platform 1 is symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the latter at a specified distance from the specified axis.

In the transport position, each hydraulic Jack is fixed by quick-release pin 14 passing through horizontally spaced through holes, which were fixed to the body 7 of the bracket 15 and the element 16 is a flat rod mechanism 11.

In the embodiment, the rail vehicle is provided with a detachable lanyards 17, 18 mounted between the engagement elements 19, 20, executed on the platform 1 and the corresponding elements of the gearing, is made on self-propelled machinery 21 (not shown). By lanyards 17 and 18 fix the position of the vehicle 21 relative to the platform 1. To lock in the transport position of the ramp 3 is provided with a removable lanyard 22 installed between the elements of the gearing, performed respectively on the platform and on the ramps (not shown).

Platform 1 is made with a two-track roadway decking 23. Flooring 23 " self-propelled vehicles 21. In the embodiment of the invention, the elements 24 are fixed by welding the core elements of reinforcement. Platform 1 is also provided with interacting with the suspension of self-propelled vehicles longitudinal members 25, restricting the movement of self-propelled vehicles in the transverse relative to the platform direction and providing installation of machinery at a desired position relative to the longitudinal axis of the platform.

In the embodiment of the invention a self-propelled equipment 21 is a self-propelled crane on tracks. In another embodiment, it may be, for example, large self-propelled machines wheeled.

In the embodiment of the invention a railway vehicle designed for transportation in the composition, for example, recovery trains heavy equipment, ensuring its entry and descent (i.e., loading and unloading rail vehicles) by independent movement. The recovery train is completed wooden beams (ties) 26 stacked on a railroad track, so as not to damage the superstructure.

In the embodiment of the invention the method according to whom and the place of loading and unloading (entry-descent) self-propelled vehicles 21 wooden beams (ties) 26 is placed on the path along the rails 10 with outer and inner sides. On track sections with concrete sleepers wooden beams (ties), which will follow a self-propelled machines, placed on a special strip (not shown).

End of the railway platform 1, located on the side of the loading post with a respective pair of hydraulic jacks 5 for attachment of the frame 6 train platform 1 with the corresponding transport frame 2. Then you unhook the frame 6 of the platform 1 with the running truck 2. Rolling chassis truck from under the platform. Then use the pair of hydraulic jacks 5 end portion of the platform 1 is lowered until it touches the platform with rails 10 of the railway track, providing the tilt platform and centering the platform for the train path through executed on the platform centering supporting elements 12 and 13. Set in a working position corresponding to the ramp device for entry-descent). By lowering the end portion of a railway platform on the rails (i.e., the slope of the latter) ramps are sloped (not cool). Then self-propelled equipment 21 by independent movement set to a predetermined position on the rail is try moving the latter in the transverse relative to the platform 1 direction and provide installation of machinery at a desired position relative to the longitudinal axis of the platform 1. The ramp 2 is transferred into the transport position and lock with removable turnbuckle 22. Use the pair of hydraulic jacks 5 produce lift at a predetermined height omitted before the end of the railway platform 1 in conjunction with self-propelled equipment 21. Wheel running carriage 2 under the railway platform 1. The latter is lowered onto the chassis of the truck and make the grip of the undercarriage frame 6 train platform 1. Then the hydraulic jacks 5 return to its original state and is fixed by means of respective quick-release pins 14. Thus, the hydraulic jacks are translated into the transport position. With removable buckles 17 and 18, the engagement elements 19, 20, executed on the platform, and the corresponding elements of engagement executed on self-propelled machines 21, fix the position of the vehicle 21 relative to the train platform 1.

Unloading of a rail vehicle is in the reverse sequence.

Thus, the inventive method allows the entry and descent of large self-propelled vehicle at a slight angle, which reduces the risk of damage is provides electrificadora the section of railway track safety improvement works during loading and unloading rail vehicles with large self-propelled equipment, for example, for rehabilitation.

Railway vehicle operates as follows.

In the transport position hydraulic jacks 5, ramps 3 and self-propelled machines 21 are recorded. This is ensured respectively by means of quick release pins 14, detachable lanyards 22 and detachable lanyards 17, 18. The use of quick couplings reduces the deployment time of self-propelled vehicles on the venue, for example, restoration work and increases the convenience of operation. In place, for example, unloading (descent) self-propelled equipment 21 with a rail vehicle by descent techniques from the platform along the rails 10 with outer and inner sides of the last stack of wooden beams (ties) 26. On track sections with concrete sleepers wooden beams (ties) are placed on a special strip (not shown).

Before unloading a rail vehicle releases the fixation of a pair of hydraulic jacks 5 located on the side of the slope self-propelled platform 1. Use the pair of hydraulic jacks 5 end portion of the platform 1, located on the side St process extension rod 8 hydraulic Jack 5 corresponding flat rod mechanism 11 provides a given orientation is made in the form of a fork car safety support element 9 of the rod 8 and guaranteed “capture” the last of the corresponding rail 10 of the railway track. After it stops supporting elements 9 rods of hydraulic jacks 5 in the rails 10 corresponding end portion of the platform 1 is raised to a predetermined height that enables the attachment frame 8 platform 1 with patentowym node corresponding to the undercarriage 2. The other end portion of the platform 1 proposalsa by compression springs second undercarriage. After disengagement of the frame 6 of the platform 1 with the running truck 2 last manually rolls back from under the platform 1. Then a raised end portion of the platform 1 is lowered by hydraulic jacks 5 to contact the platform 1 with the rails 10 of the railway track, providing the tilt platform and centering the platform for the train path through executed on the platform centering supporting elements 12 and 13. Ramps 3 located on the side of the slope of self-propelled vehicles, free from removable buckles 22 and manually installed in the operating position (i.e., lower on the train path). While some of the load from the weight of the ramp take appropriate mechanisms trim 4, which increases the convenience of operation. Due to the fact that located on the side of the slope of self-propelled vehicles conc is cool). Then self-propelled equipment 21 is released from the removable lanyards 17, 18 and with the help of ramps 3 by walking down from the platform 1.

Loading self-propelled railway vehicle is in the reverse order, while the position of self-propelled vehicles 21 relative to the platform 1 is fixed with removable buckles 17 and 18 after the clutch corresponding to the undercarriage 2 with the frame 6 of the platform 1.

Thus, due to the peculiarities of performance of the railway vehicle, the invention provides the possibility of entry or descent of large self-propelled vehicle at a slight angle, which reduces the risk of damage to high-voltage contact wires and/or suspension speakers up elements of self-propelled vehicles and provides electrificadora the section of railway track safety improvement works during loading and unloading rail vehicles with large self-propelled equipment, for example, for rehabilitation.

Claims

1. The method of loading a self-propelled equipment on the railway platform, providing the installation in the operating position the OI technique by independent movement on a railway platform and fixation relative to the last self-propelled vehicles, characterized in that prior to installation in the operating position of the device to enter the end of the railway platform, located side loading, hang out by means of jacks for attachment of the frame rail platform with the appropriate transport frame rail platforms, you unhook the frame rail platform with transport frame, rolling chassis cart and use the jacks end of the railway platform is lowered until it touches the rails of the railway track with its tilt and centering relative to the last, and after the installation of self-propelled vehicles on a railway platform device for entry transfer into the transport position, then, using jacks produce lift at a predetermined height mentioned end portion of a railway platform in conjunction with self-propelled equipment, wheel running carriage under the railway platform, the latter is lowered onto the chassis of the truck and make the grip of the undercarriage frame of the railway platform, after which the jacks return to its original state and fix self-propelled machinery for the train platform.

2. Jeleznodor trucks, on the ends of which the side ends of the hinged device to enter a self-propelled machinery, characterized in that it is supplied mounted on the frame between the undercarriage bogies two pairs of hydraulic jacks, the case of each of which is rigidly fixed on the frame of the platform, the rod has a supporting element for engagement with a rail of the railway track, with hydraulic jacks of each pair are mounted on the frame platform with the possibility of marking the end of the platform to release the platform with the appropriate transport frame and the lower end portion of the platform in the absence of the undercarriage for tilting the platform to contact with the rails of the railway track, at this end of the platform is made, each with centering support elements that interact with the rails of the railway track in a lowered position the end portion of the platform.

3. Railway vehicle on p. 2, characterized in that the supporting element of the rod of the hydraulic Jack is made in the form of a fork-lift device and pivotally connected to the housing of the hydraulic Jack by means of a flat rod mechanism Phi is and stroke is a part of the surface of the cylinder with radius corresponding to the radius of the wheels of the undercarriage platform.

4. Railway vehicle under item 2 or 3, characterized in that it is provided with a set on the platform mechanisms of balancing these devices to enter self-propelled vehicles, while the latter is in the form of ramps.

5. Rail vehicle according to any one of paragraphs.2-4, characterized in that it is provided with a detachable lanyards of various sizes, mounted between the elements of the gearing, performed respectively on the platform and self-propelled machinery.

 

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Rail trolley // 2057041

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: according to invention, in rail vehicle designed for carrying at least one unit load of road-vehicle, container or other similar type, bottom part 4 of carrying structure 3 is lowered to lower border or below standard overall clearance down to level of several centimeters from ground surface. Width of said bottom part 4 is equal to size of maximum existing track gauge for road vehicle approved for free and normal driving along motor roads.

EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities.

6 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment of railway platform bodies. Proposed device contains detachable sections installed crosswise the platform body with fastening members in form of post structures with vertical posts 1 arranged along platform body sides, base, flexible brace for fixing the load, stiffening ribs of vertical posts and base and support plates in between. Extreme detachable sections consist of two post structures interconnected by rigid braces and equipped with support shields 10. Vertical posts of posts structures are formed by channels and are interconnected by strips. Longitudinal beams 13 are rigidly secured on bases between bases of post structures below support surface level. Said longitudinal beams 13 form carrying frame for mounting and fastening of containers. Fitting heads 14 are hinge-mounted on beams and are provided with holes to hold fitting heads in inoperative position.

EFFECT: improved reliability of load fastening, enlarged assortment of carried load, provision of safe carriage.

6 dwg

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