Dental capsule

 

The invention relates to medicine, specifically to dentistry, and can be used for the treatment of periodontal diseases and diseases of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, in particular stomatitis. The capsule contains a conductive sleeve and located at the ends of two electrically conductive cap. The outer surface of the caps contain a variety of metals and trace elements have different values of electrode potential. On top of the sleeve between the annular end faces of both caps cylindrical dielectric tube. One or both of the cap and/or a cylindrical sleeve containing a material capable of magnetized, magnetized made. The maximum value of magnetic induction on the outer surface of the capsule is selected in the range 1-100 MT. In the particular case of the internal cavity of the capsule is partially or completely filled with inorganic or organic crystalline substance such as rosin, wax or paraffin. The capsule is placed in the mouth and slowly, with stops at 5-30 seconds, move along the gum using the muscles of the cheeks, lips and tongue. The same procedure is 10-30 minutes during the day carry out one or two procedures. The treatment carried out and comfort of treatment, simplify the design of the device, reduce the cost and increase the duration of its operation. 9 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to medicine, specifically to dentistry, and can be used for the treatment of periodontal diseases and diseases of the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, in particular stomatitis.

Known methods of treatment of periodontal disease vitamin C and b vitamins, anabolic and sex hormones, biogenic stimulators [1]. The disadvantages of such methods is the low therapeutic efficacy.

Known for physiotherapeutic treatment of diseases of the oral cavity: a constant current, pulsed current, low frequency, sinusoidal currents of low and high frequencies [2], magnetic and electromagnetic fields, in particular optical radiation [3] and thermal effects [2], acoustic waves [4], massage [5]. The disadvantage of the methods described in [2-5]. also is the low therapeutic efficacy. Most of these physiotherapeutic methods requires for its implementation difficult and/or expensive devices.

Closest to the claimed device is a cap is responsible caps and connected in series and placed inside the capsule battery galvanic elements and pulse generator. The negative terminal of the battery and the output of the pulse generator is connected to the inner surfaces of the caps. Capsule prototype generates packets of pulses with a duration of 5-7 MS, voltage 4 In [7]. The disadvantage of this device is the low therapeutic efficacy of treatment of periodontal diseases (gingivitis, periodontitis and stomatitis, the brevity of his work (due to discharge of batteries), the design complexity, the relatively high cost of manufacture. Low therapeutic efficacy of treatment due to the inadequacy of the spectral characteristics of low-frequency flicker noise of electric oscillations occurring in the mucous membrane of the mouth, and the spectral characteristics of periodic high frequency electrical oscillations produced by the pulse generator. In addition, the pulse amplitude of 4 To cause discomfort in the mouth, because the nerve endings of the tongue have high sensitivity to electric current.

The technical result, which is aimed proposed solution is to increase the efficiency and comfort of treatment, simplifying the design of the device, reduce the costs of its izgotovitelya cylindrical sleeve and located at the ends of an electrically conductive caps, a cylindrical sleeve is also made of electrically conductive material, and over the cylindrical sleeve between the annular end faces of the caps posted by cylindrical dielectric tube, and the outer surface of the caps contain a variety of metals and trace elements have different values of electrode potential.

In particular cases, one or both of the cap and/or a cylindrical sleeve containing a material capable of magnetized, magnetized, while the maximum value of magnetic induction of the capsule is in the range 1-100 MT.

In private cases, the internal cavity of the capsule is partially or completely filled with inorganic or organic crystalline substance such as rosin, paraffin or gray.

In Fig.1 shows a first variant of the dental capsule.

The capsule comprises a cylindrical sleeve 1 made of electrically conductive material, and tightly attached on its ends cathode 2 and anode 3 caps (sleeve 1 and the caps 2 and 3 can also be interconnected by means of a threaded connection). On the outer surface of the cap 3 the coating (layer) 4 of one or more metals trace elements (e.g. zinc or cobalt or of the Qing cap 3. On top of the sleeve 1 between the annular end faces of both caps cylindrical dielectric tube 5. The purpose of the tube 5 is an exception flowing past the tissues currents and a more rational use of consumable metals-minerals coating 4. In the absence of the dielectric tube 5 constituting the current flowed through the saliva on the border of the outer surface of the bushing 1 and the layer 4 of the cap 3 (in case of execution of the sleeve 1 and the cap 2 of the same material) or on the borders of the outer surface of the sleeve 1 with the cap 2 and the layer 4 of the cap 3 (in case of execution of the sleeve 1 and the cap 2 from different materials). In the manufacture of the sleeve 1 and/or the cathode 2 and/or anode cap 3 made of a material that is able to be magnetized, such as chrome-Nickel steel AISI HN, they are magnetized. The maximum value of magnetic induction of the capsule is selected in the range 1-100 MT.

In Fig.2 shows a second variant of the dental capsule.

It differs from the first variant only by the fact that the internal cavity of the capsule is filled completely or partially inorganic or organic crystalline substance 6, for example, rosin, sulphur or wax.

When you place a capsule in the mouth it is whips between a conductor (Bush 1). The electrolyte, which adjoin the outer surface of the caps, is saliva. Such galvanic element has a low efficiency. It allows to get the value of DC within a few tens of μa. However, for therapeutic purposes, this current is sufficient. The polarization of the external surfaces of the caps and accordingly the reduction in time flowing through the tissue current is eliminated when moving the capsules in his mouth.

Crystalline substances, including rosin, sulphur and paraffin, generate acoustic phonon and electromagnetic oscillations (mainly fluctuation), which is caused by the vibrations of the atoms and ions of the crystal lattice as at thermal equilibrium substances with the environment, and if the temperature of the substance from the ambient temperature [8]. When you change the structure of matter by any physical factor level noise-like oscillations increases, this significantly increases the share of the flicker noise component.

There are several examples of usage declined from equilibrium with the environment crystalline substances for medical purposes, in particular min the e cylinders [10], ultrafine powders of metals [11] and paraffin, is subjected to an electromagnetic field at a frequency selected in the frequency range of 16.6-of 25.2 MHz [12].

The deviation from the equilibrium state crystalline materials can be exposed to various physical factors, in particular, described in [9-12], as well as in other ways.

For example, after pouring the molten rosin, or sulfur, or paraffin in chilled cups", consisting of the sleeve 1 and the cap 2 or 3, the crystal lattice of the substance obtained is heterogeneous (distorted) through existing when filling a significant temperature gradient between substance layer in contact with the inner surfaces of the sleeve and the cap, and the substance in the area of the longitudinal axis of the sleeve. During the relaxation process the substance generates electromagnetic and acoustic vibrations having a large amplitude, than the substance in equilibrium with the environment. Capsule screens tissues from electromagnetic waves of crystalline substances, but ignores the acoustic. Crushed into powder crystalline substance, such as sulfur, may also enjoy the substance rejected from ravnovesnogo and Tibetan medicine). After enduring several hours of the capsule of the crystalline substance in the fridge, pulling it from him and placing in your mouth, get a nonequilibrium system.

The method of using a dental capsule consists in the following. The capsule is placed in the mouth and slowly, with stops at 5-30, move along the surface of the cheeks, lips and gums using the muscles of the cheeks, lips and tongue. Capsule during one procedure, lasting 10-30 minutes, manages several times to visit the same sites of the oral cavity, including the surface areas of the gums. During the day carry out one or two procedures. The treatment is carried out for 10-30 days. Within goal spend one to three courses of treatment (for treatment of stomatitis require one short course of treatment, for the treatment of periodontitis or two or three).

The capsule has a therapeutic effect due to the mechanical impact on exteroceptor, DC micro, the value of which is within a few tens of µa, microelectrophoresis one or more metals trace elements contained in the surface layer of the anode cap, low-frequency (VLF) electric and acoustic flicker noise fluctuations that occur on the boundaries of the cathode is on the mucous membrane, and transient electrochemical processes that occur at the boundaries of the metals with biological tissue (in the electrical double layers). Magnetized sleeve and caps enhance the impact of all the above factors. When moving magnetized capsules in the mouth on every area of the mucosa is additionally influenced and flicker-noise magnetic field. In addition, when moving the capsule using the muscles of the cheeks, lips and tongue in the mouth between tissues, lockable caps capsules, there own (additional) VLF fluctuations, EMF of up to several mV. Oscillatory processes that occur within the PA boundaries caps with biological tissue, adequate spectral characteristics of the processes taking place in various systems, organs, tissues and elements of human tissues, particularly in biologically active points (BAP) and biological membranes. They interact with endogenous oscillatory processes in the tissues of the oral cavity, which ultimately leads to normalization of biochemical processes in stimulated tissues. Acoustic VLF oscillations generated by crystalline substance 6, enhance therapeutic effect on the stimulated region of the oral cavity. Salonae impact. Fluctuations in the mouth using dental capsules, also have a stimulating and normalizing effect on the organs and systems of the person associated information channels were stimulated with the BAT, from a condition which affects the processes occurring in the mouth.

Sources of information

1. Periodontal disease. TSB. Third edition. M: Soviet encyclopedia. So 19. 1975. C. 225-226.

2. Ruby L. R. Physical methods of investigation and treatment in dentistry. M: Medgiz, 1995. 252 C.

3. RF patent № 2101045, class a 61 N 5/06. The method of treatment of neoplastic diseases of the skin and mucous membranes of the oral cavity. BI No. 1. Publ. 10.01.98.

4. RF patent № 2119322, class a 61 N 13/00. A method of treatment of periodontal diseases. BI No. 27. Publ. 27.09.98.

5. Irina Savchenko. Periodontitis puts teeth on the shelf // Health, 2000, No. 7, S. 58-59.

6. RF patent № 2118190, class a 61 N 5/06, 1/36, A 61 K 35/78. The way the effects on the body. BI No. 24. Publ. 24.08.98. the prototype.

7. Baking centuries, Agafonnikov C. F., Dambai, C., Popov O. S. Martusevich A., Autonomous electrical stimulator of humans and animals. Tomsk: Izd. TPU, 1995, 132 S.

8. Iosilevskiy J. A. vibrations of the crystal lattice. TSB. Third edition. M: Soviet encyclopedia. 1973. C. 411-413.

9. RF patent No. 2 is 61 N 1/10, 2/06. Means of influence on the human body. BI No. 16. Publ. 10.06.98.

11. RF patent № 2123329, class a 61 K 9/14, 33/00. Biologically active drug. BI No. 35. Publ. 20.12.98.

12. RF patent № 2103958, class a 61 F 7/02, a 61 N 5/06, And 61 M 35/00. Medical tool. BI No. 4. Publ. 10.02.98.

Claims

1. Dental capsule containing a cylindrical sleeve and located at the ends of an electrically conductive caps, characterized in that the cylindrical sleeve made of electrically conductive material, and over the cylindrical sleeve between the annular end faces of the caps posted by cylindrical dielectric tube, and the outer surface of the caps contain a variety of metals and trace elements have different values of electrode potential.

2. Capsule under item 1, characterized in that one or both of the cap contain material that is able to be magnetized.

3. Capsule under item 2, characterized in that one or both of the cap is made of magnetized.

4. Capsule under item 1, or 2, or 3, characterized in that the cylindrical sleeve made of a material able to be magnetized.

5. Capsule under item 4, characterized in that the cylindrical sleeve is made of magnetized.

6. Capsule>. The capsule according to any one of paragraphs.1-6, characterized in that the internal cavity is partially or completely filled with inorganic or organic crystalline substance is subjected to ionizing radiation.

8. Capsule under item 7, characterized in that the crystalline substance is chosen rosin.

9. Capsule under item 7, characterized in that the crystalline substance is chosen sulfur.

10. Capsule under item 7, characterized in that the crystalline substance is chosen paraffin.

 

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