The device forming the overlap between floors, and constructive element of this device

 

The invention relates to the construction, in particular to a device with a structural element forming the floor or the ceiling. Constructive element contains a system of ventilation channels designed so that it can provide heating and/or cooling in the building, and the melting of snow and ice lying on the structural element. Structural element is made of at least three interconnected sheets of corrugated material. The leaves are arranged in plan, preferably at a right angle relative to each other so that the corrugations of the sheets form a system of channels. In the intermediate sheet is made with a number of holes. They are oriented in the transverse direction and preferably in the plane passing through the mid-section of the corrugations, to allow air adjustable way to enter the channel system, or removed from it. The technical result of the invention is to reduce material consumption device. 2 C. and 8 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The technical field,

The invention relates to a device, a constructive element of which is located between the bearing elements of construction of residential or output is the level of technology

In known constructions of residential and industrial buildings structural element that separates the floors are usually made of concrete. The specified element is usually located between the bearing elements of the building structure. He or formed in situ, or used in the form of pre-fabricated elements. The manufacture of such structural elements made of concrete in itself requires some effort. Use overlap (septum) between the floors of such a heavy material such as concrete leads to the fact that the size of the load-bearing elements must be increased. In addition, to provide space for air (ventilation) channels, usually used for heated and/or cooled buildings construction of residential or industrial buildings, have at least 30 cm further increase the height of each floor. All these circumstances are factors that increase the cost of known structures.

Among specialists in this industry there is a certain scepticism regarding the application of the material, different from the concrete, for example, structural elements, separating floors. Among other factors specified skepticism wbile no way to use the overlap between the floors to feed him, for example, air is used for heating and cooling. In this case, the contra-indications are that the carrying capacity will be weakened structural element cannot be used for heating and cooling properly, etc.,

In addition, it is well known that the cleaning of snow and ice leads to a significant increase in the cost during construction and during subsequent operation and maintenance of residential or industrial buildings.

In patent document SE 502251, class E 04 2/32, 1985 describes a device intended for installation between the bearing elements of residential or industrial buildings forming partitions between floors. This device representing the closest analogue of the present invention, includes at least one structural element containing two parallel layers of corrugated sheets, forming a system of channels adapted to supply air into them for the purpose of ventilation and/or heating of the building. However, the known structural element and, accordingly, the known device, in General, have a limited carrying capacity, which imposes significant restrictions on use the of which the present invention is directed, is that the extent possible to avoid the application of the above structural concrete elements, heavy, time-consuming and increases the cost. Other tasks is to reduce the height of the floors by eliminating the need to use freely suspended ventilation ducts. It is also desirable to provide a more effective means of removing snow and ice lying on the structural element, for example, when it forms part of the roof of a residential or industrial buildings, and the ability to apply these tools to ensure melting of snow and ice during the construction of residential or industrial buildings.

According to the invention these problems are solved by creating a structural element intended for use in the device, located between the bearing elements of construction of residential or industrial buildings forming partitions between floors, such as the floor or the ceiling. The device according to the invention includes at least one structural element, which contains at least two parallel layers of corrugated sheets, forming a system of channels adapted to supply vozdadim corrugated sheet, forming an intermediate layer between the two sheets. This corrugated sheets are located in a plane at an angle so that the located one above the other corrugations are perpendicular. In addition, in the intermediate corrugated sheet made many through the side openings in the connecting air channels on any of the parties specified intermediate sheet formed by the inner surfaces of the sides of the corrugated sheets surrounding the intermediate corrugated sheet.

Thus, the structural element according to the invention is manufactured, not two, as is known, and at least three sheets of corrugated material, which can be connected to each other at the contact points between the peaks and troughs of the corrugations by pushing each other, glued, screwed, welding or similar means. On its lower side structural element according to the invention can be provided with insulation.

Due to the fact that the structural element is self-sustaining, preferably consists of a light material and contains a system of channels, it can be effectively used for heating and/or cooling in the construction of residential or PR is lemente.

The side holes in the intermediate sheet is preferably oriented in the transverse direction and are located in one plane, corresponding to the average cross-section of the intermediate sheet to the air, with the temperature adjusted, respectively, for heating and/or cooling and thawing, could adjustable image formed to pass through the channel system, which to this end is executed with a possibility of a structural element and/or output from the air through at least one channel in the supporting elements of the building.

According to a preferred variant of the invention, the hollows of the corrugations of the sheet, which is the top filled with a fluid capable of hardening a light material exhibiting good heat-conducting properties. Filling out the specified material is produced to a level located at least at the level of the tops of the corrugations. In this case, the corrugated wall sheet, subject to fill flowable material, made with a raised or depressed ribs.

Constructive element in the preferred embodiment, the device may rely on the sheets of insulating material. In addition, the part formed by the mouth of the frame structural element.

Other advantages of the invention will be clear from further description.

List of figures.

Next will be covered in detail, with reference to the drawings, describes preferred embodiments of the invention, without limiting its scope.

In Fig.1 shows a schematic image of the structural element according to the invention, illustrating its configuration.

In Fig.2 is a schematic representation of a vertical cross-section, for example, a detached house, in which the structural element according to the invention is used as a floor on the ground in the lower ground, and possibly in the roof of the specified house.

In Fig.3 shows a schematic vertical section of a building of several floors, in which the structural element according to the invention is used as partitions forming the floor and the ceiling of the building.

Information confirming the possibility of carrying out the invention

Device on the basis of the structural element 1 according to the present invention must form a partition separating floors such as floor or ceiling in the construction of residential or industrial buildings. Construction of residential or industrial buildings or structures may be different and the present which is self-sustaining and it is made of light material, is located between the bearing elements 10, 11 and 12 construction of residential or industrial buildings. In Fig.2 structural element is shown connected with the annular wall 10, and Fig.3 it is located between the beams 11, 12. In Fig.2 shows that the structural element can rely on the sheets of insulating material, for example, material Leca 8 and polystyrene 9. If the design of the residential or industrial buildings specified element is used as the overlap between floors, it is advisable to provide isolation and on the lower side of the structural element 1.

In addition, the structural element 1 contains a system of ventilating air channels used, respectively, for heating or cooling in the construction of residential or industrial buildings, as well as to ensure the melting of snow or ice, lying on a given element. This system of channels, allowing constructive element to provide heating and/or cooling, as well as properties, cause its samopodderzhivanie and light weight, is created due to the fact that the structural element 1 is made of at least three interconnected sheets 2, 3, 4 corrugated material forming parallel the GOM corrugated sheets are mutually perpendicular. Formed in this way the channels are made so that they are connected to each other by a multitude of holes 6 made in the walls of the sheets between the projections and depressions intermediate corrugated sheet (layer) 3. Holes 6 are oriented in the transverse direction and preferably lie in the same plane passing through the mid-section of the sheet 3, so that air at a suitable temperature could orderly manner to pass through the channel system.

Corrugated sheets 2, 3, 4 are connected to each other at the contact points between the depressions and projections of the corrugations by pushing each other, glued, screwed, welded, etc. To ensure good heat transfer corrugated top sheet 4 is filled at least to the level of the tops of the corrugations additional priming phase 5 of lightweight material with good thermal conductivity. For more advantages of the walls of the corrugations on the area to be filled, can be made convex or depressed ribs 7 to the interaction between the sheet material and additional priming phase 5 was the best.

Air can be brought in a constructive element 1 and/or be derived from it through, m is prisoedinjaetsja to the channel system structural element 1. Except as stated here in more detail is not explained how supplied air at temperatures of heating or cooling, and also, possibly, thawing, as these conditions are beyond the scope of the present invention. We can only briefly mention that for the disposal of residual energy contained in the air after the release of the structural element 1, the air can flow through the heat exchanger.

In certain constructions of buildings need heating or cooling will boil down to the fact that only part of the septum between the floors are provided with discuss constructive element 1. As shown in Fig.3, the portion of such partition can be in this case substituted by one or more intermediate elements 13, which differs in configuration from the structural element 1. In addition, the structural element 1 may be composed of segments formed of smaller elements. Then they should appropriately be connected along the side edges to form a structural element 1 with the dimensions specified for a particular construction of residential or industrial buildings.

The roof of the building shown in Fig.2 and 3, you can easily constantly and/is rodke, forms the roof of the building.

Structural element could also be applied to the content, for example, road surface, bridge construction, free from snow and ice.

Heating or cooling, as well as exemption from snow and ice, respectively, occur through the use of the temperature difference between the air in a constructive element 1 and, accordingly, the temperature of the premises, snow and ice. In this case, compared to, for example, the location of the surface of the structural element will have either a higher or lower temperature. In addition, depending on, is heating or cooling, the structural element 1 will give a contribution to the room temperature when changing it to the desired level. It should be mentioned, in particular, that, compared with the normal situation for traditional air units, when using the present invention, the heating and cooling can take place with a lower temperature difference between the injected air and space, because you can walk on the floor with high or cold temperature.

Claims

1. The device includes at least one constructive ordci between floors such as the floor or the ceiling, and constructive element contains at least two parallel layers of corrugated sheets, forming a system of channels adapted to supply air, wherein the structural element is further provided with at least one corrugated sheet forming the intermediate layer between the two sheets, with corrugated sheets are located in a plane at an angle so that the located one above the other corrugations perpendicular to each other, and an intermediate corrugated sheet made many through the side openings in the connecting air channels on any of the parties specified intermediate sheet, formed by the inner surfaces of the sides of the corrugated sheets surrounding the intermediate corrugated sheet.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the side holes in the intermediate plate are located in the middle section of the intermediate sheet.

3. The device under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the hollows of the corrugations of the upper sheet filled with a fluid capable of hardening, light-weight material exhibiting good thermal conductivity properties, to a level located at least at the level of the tops of the corrugations.

related flowable material, made with a raised or depressed ribs.

5. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the channel system is executed with a possibility of a structural element and/or output from the air through at least one channel in the supporting elements of the building.

6. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the structural element can rely on the sheets of insulating material.

7. Device according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, characterized in that the part of the septum is made of intermediate elements, different in configuration from the structural element.

8. Structural element comprising at least two parallel layers of corrugated sheets, forming a system of channels adapted to supply air, wherein is further provided with at least one corrugated sheet forming the intermediate layer between the two sheets, with corrugated sheets are located in a plane at an angle so that the located one above the other corrugations perpendicular to each other, and an intermediate corrugated sheet made many through the side openings in the connecting air channels on liubatov, surrounding the intermediate corrugated sheet.

9. Structural element under item 8, characterized in that the corrugated sheets are connected at the contact points between the peaks and troughs of the corrugations by pushing each other, glued, screwed, welding or similar means.

10. Structural element under item 8 or 9, characterized in that provided with insulation on its lower side.

 

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