Device for the formation of a hole in the ice ponds
The invention relates to laboratroy technique and can be used also as a drive for other preparation of mortar, the harvesting of edible ice, during the drilling of shallow wells and pits and so on/. The proposed device for the formation of a hole in the ice ponds, which contains mounted for rotation and fixation in intermediate positions in the vertical plane of the drive to the horizontal output shaft, a sliding base with vertical posts, traverse and feed mechanism of the working body. The new device is that the traverse is made in the form of the cross beam and is placed over the actuator, the device is equipped with a vertical shaft with alternately activate with a horizontal output shaft. The invention extends the functionality of the proposed device by using it for other work. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.The invention relates to laboratroy technique, namely to devices for the formation of hole /main/ ice reservoirs and can be used for cutting ice, as well as the drive for other when drilling small squag the p>A device for cutting through the cracks in the ice reservoirs, including cart holder, placed on the engine with a gearbox associated with the working body and the node to move the working body in the vertical plane (see the patent of Russian Federation №2003007, CL F 21 5/02, 1991/.The disadvantage of this technical solution for the formation of the hole should include the need to move the entire device, allowing you to receive only one cut /slit/ when the fixed position of the trolley.It is also known a device for the formation of a hole in the ice of the waters, which includes a sliding base, a guide in the form of a circle, traverse, vertical rack and the drive gear and saw the bus, stand-mounted for movement in a vertical plane (see USSR author's certificate No. 174198, CL F 25 5/02, 1962/.The specified technical solution closest to the proposed appointment and the most common essential features and is taken as a prototype.To the disadvantage of the prototype should include the placement of a guide ring at the bottom of the device, which resulted in a floor guide with ice and snow.However, the main disadvantage prototype drilling shallow wells in the ground, drive cultivators when tilling the soil, mixer drive in the preparation of mortars and so onThe technical result of the invention is to expand the functionality of the device.The technical result is achieved in that the device for the formation of a hole in the ice reservoirs, including mounted for rotation and fixation in intermediate positions in the vertical plane, the actuator having a horizontal output shaft gear, and a working body, a sliding base with vertical posts for translational movement on the last drive with gear, traverse and feed mechanism of the working body, according to the invention, the traverse is made in the form of transverse beams placed on vertical racks and associated with an actuator and gearbox, and the gearbox has a vertical output shaft with the possibility of alternately activate with a horizontal output shaft.In addition, toboggan-based devices made with axes to install them skiing or traveling wheels.In addition, the feed mechanism of the working body in the form of a flexible link with the formation of friction turns on the coil.The invention is illustrated in the drawings, the cat is part of the saw tires/;- Fig.2 - section a-a in Fig.1.Device for the formation of a hole in the ice of the reservoirs includes a sliding base, formed by the frame 1 mounted on it with 2 axes, and two skis 3 bracket 4 mounted on the axles. In the summer, or in the absence of snow cover instead of skiing on the axes are mounted ground wheels 5.Mounted on the frame, two vertical posts 6, which are interconnected at the top by a cross member /not shown/ and strut 7. The racks can move them installed yoke 8 and placed under it with the possibility of forward rotation in the vertical plane of the gear 9.The moving crosshead and gear on the racks is flexible link 10 /rope/ around the guide rollers 11, 12 and 13 and the coil 14 with the turns of the friction of the rope, the ends of which are mounted on the traverse and the gearbox. The reel has a handle to rotate and the latch /not shown/ that allows you to move the traverse gear on rack and secure them in intermediate positions.To the housing 15 of the gearbox (see Fig.2/ secured to the axle 16 and the motor 17. The axis 16 is installed in the traverse rotatably on bearings 18. On the upper end of the body has a series of slots 19 for the retainer 20, the slight pressure from the beginning shafts 23. The motor shaft and the intermediate shaft are connected by gears 24 and 25. On the intermediate shaft for rotation relative to the installed bevel gear 26 with Cams and fixed against rotation bilateral Cam sleeve 27 mounted for movement along the shaft and closure Cams gears 26 or with Cams coupling 28, mounted on a horizontal output shaft.In mesh with the gear 26 on a vertical shaft mounted gear 29, and the end portion of the shaft 22 is a sprocket 30 to drive the saw bus 31.To ensure safe operation of the gearbox comes with a removable hood /not shown/ closing terminal site of the broken shaft. The horizontal shaft is made of high-speed, vertical speed.A device for the formation of a hole in the ice as follows.After installation of the device on the site of the formation of the hole in the neutral position of the clutch 27 traverse gear up at the top position and the horizontal shaft set crosscut saw blade 31. Include the engine 17, the clutch 27 close to the coupling 28 and when the tire spreader with gear move down through the cable feed. Pedactor relative to the head plate 90and lock it in this position using the latch 20 and one of the sockets 19. Gearbox with saw-bus serves down and get in the ice slot, perpendicular to the previous one. These operations are repeated twice and receive a square hole. The device is moved from the space formed by the hole, and received a piece of ice is extracted to the surface or submerge it under the ice cover.For education lane round shape to the end portion of the vertical shaft connecting the working body rotary /for example, auger 32/, the clutch 27 and closes on the gear 26 and the feed drive with gear down form round the lane.In the summer time after installation of the relevant working body on a horizontal or vertical shaft drive device is used to perform other tasks, for example, for drilling shallow wells in the cultivation of the surface soil layer, and so on, thereby improving the use of the drive device to the year-round.
Claims1. Device for the formation of a hole in the ice reservoirs, including mounted for rotation and fixation in intermediate positions in the vertical plane of the actuator and the progressive move on the last drive with gear reducer traverse and feed mechanism of the working body, characterized in that the yoke is made in the form of transverse beams placed on vertical posts with the possibility of forward movement and connected with the reducer, and the reducer has a vertical output shaft with the possibility of alternately activate with a horizontal output shaft.2. The device under item 1, characterized in that sledge the base is made with axes to install them skiing or traveling wheels.3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the feed mechanism and fixing in intermediate positions of the working body in the form of a flexible link, fixed ends on the transverse and the gearbox with the formation of friction turns on the coil.
FIELD: cutting of sheets of securities.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for cutting securities in piles. Pile of sheets is fed under cutter and first free strip is cut. Then pile is turned and fed under cutter which cuts second strip after which pile is turned again and is directed to cutter for cutting third strip. This done, piles of strips of securities following each other are cut into separate securities.
EFFECT: reduced time taken for cutting securities.
8 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: fruit grinding equipment.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has rotating disk with grinding members and squeezing device with screw-type conveyor for feeding fruits to disk. Slot of adjustable width is arranged between squeezing device and disk. Grinding members are made in the form of detachably fixed planks. Planks are extending in radial directions and are provided with saw-shaped edges. Trough on end side of disk, in the vicinity of grinding plank, on at least one side thereof is adapted for discharge of ground organic substances, said trough being open at outer side of disk.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, provision for obtaining of desired structure of ground product and optimal output of apparatus.
20 cl, 15 dwg
FIELD: cutting processes and equipment.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes frame, cutting mechanism with drive unit and accumulator. Apparatus is also provided with drum having pivots and motor-reducer, drive unit of drum. Cutting mechanism includes movable cutter and unit for fixing cutter blade relative to drum. Drive unit of cutting mechanism includes differential reduction gear whose first receiving shaft is kinematically joined through worm reducer with electric motor; second receiving shaft is joined with pivot of drum though mechanical transmission and output shaft is joined with movable cutter of cutting mechanism. Other pivot of drum is mounted in output shaft.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and operational reliability, simplified design, lowered costs for of maintenance, increased useful life period, reduced energy consumption.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises frame, drum, drive, mechanism for cutting with movable knife and mechanism for packing cut sheets, mechanism for locking blade of the knife with respect to the drum having shaft with pins, and mechanism for changing the length of sheet cut made of double-arm lever whose axis of rocking is in coincidence with the axis of rotation of the drum shaft pin. One of the arms of the lever is pivotally connected with the frame through screw lever, and the other arm has axle on which the driven cylindrical pinion is mounted for permitting rotation. The pinion engages the driving pinion mounted on the pin of the drum shaft. The mechanism for cutting comprises shaft of the knife holders which are arranged on it with equal angular step, crankpin mounted on the driven pinion of the drive, double-arm lever mounted for permitting angular rocking about the pin of the shaft of the knife holders, and tie pivotally connected with the double-arm lever of the cutting mechanism. The second end of the double-arm lever of the mechanism for cutting is connected with the frame through a flexible member. The double-arm lever of the cutting mechanism has drum in the plane of which mutually spring-loaded braking friction shoes are oppositely arranged. The blocks are connected kinematically with the other double-arm lever rigidly connected with the pin of the knife holder shaft. The mechanism for locking blade of the knife with respect to the drum has double-arm lever. The frame is provided with additional drum whose space receives mutually spring-loaded braking friction shoes kinematically connected vie ties with the mechanism of locking knife blade with respect to the drum. The mechanism for cutting and mechanism for locking knife blade with respect to the drum are mounted oppositely at the ends of the shaft of the knife holders.
EFFECT: simplified structure, enhanced reliability, and reduced labor consumption.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: food engineering, in particular, fruit and vegetable equipment.
SUBSTANCE: juicer has main parts such as upper and lower supports, netted filter, plate for juice, and cover. Lower support has drive mechanism and plate for juice fixed on drive mechanism. Fruit or vegetable is introduced into juicer through cylindrical opening provided in cover. Juice is expelled owing to high-velocity rotation of juice plate. Plate for juice is equipped with plurality of radial toothed blades and central intersecting arcuate blades, with end of one of said arcuate blades extending through center so that during crushing of fruit, dead crushing sector is eliminated from center. Such construction allows cylindrical opening provided in juicer cover to be positioned in center by increasing size of opening and whole fruits and large-sized vegetables to be directly laid into juicer.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and wider range of juices produced by means of juicer.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: apparatuses for cutting polymeric belts by means of heated wire.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes frame with wire heated by means of electric current; drive unit for moving frame mounted with possibility of motion in strut and rigidly joined with reciprocation-motion members of drive unit. Said strut and drive unit, both are rigidly mounted on supporting plate.
EFFECT: enlarged manufacturing possibilities, enhanced efficiency of apparatus.
FIELD: processes and equipment for processing and recovering of previously used crosswise ribbed tubes.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of feeding ribbed tube; embedding in tube disc cutters acting upon ribs in radial direction and rolling out tube by means of disc cutters in lengthwise direction; cutting ribs and separating them from tube due to tangential shifting by means of disc cutters at tube motion. Disc type wedge cutters are used; embedding depth of such cutters into ribbed tube corresponds to radial size of ribs. Apparatus for performing the method includes housing, mechanism for feeding ribbed tube and disc cutters mounted in shafts. Apparatus is provided with annular disc chuck mounted on housing and having following tracks and its rotation mechanism. Housing also includes pan for collecting pieces of cut ribs. Each disc cuter is wedge shaped one; it includes rotation drive and it is mounted in bearing assemblies in carriages equally spaced from disc chuck axis. Said carriages are arranged on housing in such a way that plane of apexes of cuter wedge passes through axis of disc chuck from which cutter is spaced by radius value of tube. Radial size of wedge of each cutter exceeds radial size of tube ribs in cross section. Feed mechanism may feed ribbed tube coaxially relative to disc chuck. Each carriage includes plate with boss for bearing assemblies of cutter shaft. Plate of each carriage includes opening for pin parallel to disc chuck axis and joined with housing; roller parallel to disc chuck axis and engaging with following tracks of disc chuck for moving shafts with cutters; member for locking carriage in housing. Said member includes several stoppers that pass through openings of carriage and groove of housing. Head of each stopper is secured to carriage. Nut with handles inserted into it is screwed onto threaded end of stopper. Inserts are mounted in grooves of housing; each insert has semi-cylinder surface for engaging with stopper and at opposite side threaded stop for locking carriage.
EFFECT: possibility for determining depth of cutting ribs, simplified process for recovery of ribbed tubes.
4 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: apparatuses for cutting waste products of fibrous materials, namely disintegrating waste products of cloths, film polyethylene, fiber reinforced elastic polymers and so on.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes receiving hopper for charging material, frame supporting plate provided with port in means part, cutting organ in the form of cutter drum and cutters. The cutters of cutter drum are in the form of square and they have toothed peripheral profile. Central cutters are combined in pair and one of them is turned relative to other by angle 90°. Apparatus includes unit for adjusting working gap between square-shaped cutters and cutters. Feeding unit is in the form of conveyer with elastic toothed belt. Cutter drum is provided with flywheel.
EFFECT: simplified design, enhanced operational characteristics and reliability, improved efficiency of apparatus.
2 cl, 3 dwg