Wave power plant
The wave power plant is designed to convert the energy of the collapsing of sea waves into electricity. The power plant is installed in a closed water area 50 metres from the shore. Wave power plant consists of: Anoprienko, gutters, wheels, flywheel and generator. Wholeplant equipped with underwater breakwater plate which is capable of changing the depth of immersion, to create the conditions for the collapse of the wave heights at the desired point in the impeller. Work the body in the form of three wheels with blades. The impellers are positioned above the horizontal groove which moves foamed wave, while the impellers are able to rise above the gutter, depending on wave height. Impellers transfer the torque to the flywheel through a chain drive and overrunning clutch. The flywheel stores the energy, thereby smoothes the frequency of crowding waves and uniformly transmits the rotation to the generator with automatic variable speed. For the protection of wave power from storm and hurricane waves before vanaprastham from the sea at a distance of 25 meters installed submerged breakwaters with the depth of the upper plate is retina refers to hydropower and is designed to convert the energy of ocean waves into electricity.A similar technical device is a wave power plant - copyright certificate on the invention 1000579, M. CL.3 F 03 13/12. Wave power plant comprises wholeplant with input tapering pipe, the working body with blades connected to a generator, a storage pool with an outlet slit placed at the output of Anoprienko.Has the following disadvantages:1. The working body will work is ineffective, as it does not use energy prepared for the collapse of a wave.2. The wave power plant is not protected from heavy duty storm waves.The purpose of the invention is the creation of stably operating a powerful wave power plant using the power of falling, collapsing, waves.Wave power plant consists of Anoprienko, gutters, wheels, flywheel and generator.Wholeplant equipped with underwater breakwater plate which is capable of changing the depth of immersion by means of jacks depending from the sea.Work the body in the form of three wheels with blades, wheels connected with the generator of the chain passes through the overrunning clutch and flywheel.in order to address over the gutter, depending on wave height. Plate gutter is installed between the buildings of the power plant.The wave power plant is the main link to the sea wave power plant.The power plant consists of four wave power plants, which are established by the ledge to reach the sea waves ranging in length from 15 to 50 meters (i.e., up to 5-point rough seas (see table of Beaufort)).Marine power plant is installed from the shore approximately 50 metres, at a depth of 5-7 meters. The water area of the plant is protected transverse traverses complete profile.For the normal direction of forward waves in Anoprienko from the sea on each side of the water area of the power plant installed emergent breakwaters role of diffraction of waves.The claimed technical solution is illustrated by drawings, where Fig.1 shows a plan sea wave power plant of Fig.2 shows a longitudinal section of sea wave power plant of Fig.3 shows a partial section of the wave power plant of Fig.4 shows a cross-section of the wave power plant.Wave power plant consists of Anoprienko, gutters, three wheels, flywheel and generator.Wholeplant sabretache the depth of immersion of the plates. The chute 1 is made in the form of a plate located horizontally at sea level between the buildings of buildings.Impellers with 2 blades are connected and the generator 6 chain drives 8 passing through (ratcheting) of the clutch 3 and the flywheel 4, wherein the impellers are able to rise above the gutter, depending on wave height using helical gears 5. Wave power plant works as follows.Sea waves (take the sea - 4 points, wave height h=1.5 m, the length is l=30 m; t - 5; wind - fresh (see Beaufort scale)), approaching Anoprienko, find underwater plate breakwater installed at such a depth, which contributes to the tightening of this wave, and at the approach to the groove of the wave falls at a speed of 30 km/H. the Volume of the collapsed foam of the waves is approximately equal to 10-12 m3. Moving the chute, wave rotates alternately, all three working wheels, and the presence of the overrunning clutch allows the chain gear to transmit the rotation of the flywheel and generator each subsequent impeller, with the previous wheels do not rotate as the wave passed.Water area offshore stations are relatively isolated from the open sea, so with each new wave about the new wave, and this is the additional factor of wave formation and collapse.In stormy weather the height and the wavelength increases, so for protection of wave power plants from destruction the front side of the sea at a distance of 25 meters installed submerged breakwaters 10 (with the depth of the upper plate breakwater - 4.5 m), which contribute to the collapse of the powerful storm waves higher than 3 meters.Surf these waves, after 25 meters deep water suitable for Anoprienko wave power plant is weakened, but capable of rotating impellers.
ClaimsThe wave power installation comprising Anoprienko, gutter, working body with blades connected to a generator, characterized in that the working body in the form of three impellers with blades that are able to rise above the gutter and wholeplant equipped with underwater breakwater, which is installed in front of the chute on the supports, made in the form of jacks, with which plate breakwater is able to change the depth of the dive.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for conversion of wave energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains mechanically coupled fixed post, float chambers, frame, shaft, step-up gear and electric generator. Moreover, converter additionally contains relatively interacting second shaft, first and second gears and at least two motion converters. First and second gears are fixed on corresponding shafts and engage with each other. Each motion converter has vertical rod installed for vertical vibration on upper end of which first block is installed, and on lower end, third sprocket engaging with first and second float chambers. First and second overrunning clutches with sprockets are installed on shafts and they engage through first and second chains with third sprocket.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
8 cl, 7 dwg