Power plant cachaza

 

The invention relates to mechanical engineering, and more specifically, to the manufacture of internal combustion engines and on their basis of power plants (generators, compressor stations). Power plant comprises two or more delivered to the combustion chamber or receiver, paired with the court chamber or combustion chambers. They are connected by channels with the cylinder in which moves a piston. Cylinder with piston form a working chamber. In the connecting channels are shut-off and control device. More cylinders in which the pistons move, interconnected channels, form a combined power plant capable of operating means, and without a starter. The invention provides an effective, eco-friendly, multi-fuel power plant with increased time spent on education and combustion of the fuel mixture delivered to the combustion chambers, not in contact with the piston during the combustion of the fuel. 5 C.p. f-crystals, 42 ill.

The invention relates to mechanical engineering, and more specifically to the manufacture of internal combustion engines and on their basis of power plants (generators, kompresorleri type Wankel with one made by a combustion chamber (BKC)[1], where the actual time spent on education and burning fuel mixture is very small, and the fuel burns in the process of movement of the piston, i.e. in the process of expanding gases. Consequently, the internal combustion engine is increased fuel consumption and does not meet environmental standards for emissions.

Known internal combustion engines, where the change in volume of the combustion chamber is produced by attaching an additional volume - BKC [2]. This videoconferencing connected to a common combustion chamber through a check valve and is connected to change the degree of compression at the maximum load. At partial loads the camera is turned off and the valve closed. In this internal combustion engine, as in previous similar, the actual burning time is very small, and the fuel burns in the quantum extension.

Also known ice with separated loops and one VCS running on a 4-stroke cycle [3], which can be taken as a prototype.

Here the intake and compression is performed by a single cylinder, and the working stroke and the exhaust - other. Use one of videoconferencing forces to displace the mutual position of the pistons in the cylinders, which causes the dynamic imbalance of the system and the relatively short period of time allotted for burning fuel, CD internal combustion engine, where burning is slowed down. In addition, this scheme does not allow to have a single cylinder internal combustion engines and 2-stroke cycle, in small internal combustion engines leads to excessive weight and dimensions, and a constant volume one video conferencing is not possible to adjust the degree of compression and power, especially when working with boost.

The cause of these shortcomings in the absence of the second (or more) video conferencing systems installed and operating in parallel with the first videoconferencing.

The purpose of the invention is to create an effective, eco-friendly, multi-fuel power plant with increased time spent on education and combustion of the fuel mixture delivered to the combustion chambers, not in contact with the piston during the combustion of fuel.

This is accomplished by using energy installation made of two or more combustion chambers or receiver, paired with the court chamber or combustion chambers. They are connected by channels with the cylinder in which moves a piston. Cylinder with piston form a working chamber. In the connecting channels are shut-off and control device.

More cylinders in which the pistons move, interconnected channels, form a combined power plant, sposobnoj or more VCS or the presence of the receiver, working in conjunction with one or more videoconferencing, providing an increase in pressure in the combustion time when regulating the burning time; changing the degree of compression in accordance with the magnitude of filling the cylinder with fresh charge of air or fuel mixture; smooth and stepwise increase in power of two and more times; increasing the number of turns in two and more times when existing equipment fuel into the combustion chamber; megatoplist; combustion at constant volume; the work on 2-, 4-stroke cycle; the use of power plants as an effective engine brake with double effect; reversible work and start without starter; the possibility of accumulation of air in the receiver and use it in a variety of ways-for example, power brakes, valves, etc.; the possibility of using high boost and create your own charge; the possibility of combined power plants with a combination of different types and designs of cylinder and piston, and with a transformative movement or without it.

List of figures and positions with a brief description:

Fig.1 is depicted videoconferencing, connected by channels with the cylinder.

The design is the same for all schemes.

1 (2, >/p>8, 11 - shut-off and control devices;

9 - inlet port in the cylinder;

10 - outlet from the cylinder;

12 - injector fuel supply in videoconferencing;

13 - spark plug;

Fig.2 - two VCS (1, 2) with an inlet (4) and outlet (5) channels;

Fig.3 - three VCS (1, 2, 3) separated from the inlet (4) and outlet (5) channels;

Fig.4 - one of the two VCS (1) is performed by a receiver (14) and outlet (5) is connected with the second video conferencing (2);

14 receiver;

Fig.5 receiver (14) is connected to three VCS (1, 2, 3) or more;

Fig.6 - inlet (4) and outlet (5) channels of videoconferencing (1, 2) are made in one channel (15) connecting videoconferencing (1, 2) with a dead volume of the cylinder (6);

15 - connecting the channel with the cylinder;

Fig.7 - inlet (4) and outlet (5) channels of the receiver (14) is made in one channel (16) connecting the receiver (14) with each of videoconferencing (1, 2, 3);

16 - connector channel with video conferencing;

Fig.8 connection of the two cylinders (6, 17) without receiver (14) between a connecting channels (19) with locking devices (20). Two cylinders are able to work on 2-, 4 - and separated by a 4-stroke cycles;

17, 18 - the second cylinder and the piston;

19 - connecting channel;

20 - closing device;

Fig.9 - the combined power unit with multiple cylinders (6, 17, 21) without Reig.9, but with the total number of videoconferencing (1, 2) more than two;

Fig.11 connection of the two cylinders (6, 17) with a receiver (14) between a connecting channel (23) with a shut-off device (24) and the total number of VCS (1, 2) more than one. Two cylinders are able to work on 2-, 4 - and separated by a 4-stroke cycles.

23 - connecting channel;

24 - locking device;

Fig.12 is the same as Fig.11, but with the total number of videoconferencing (1) is equal to one, and additionally installed a supercharger (turbocharger) (25);

25 - supercharger (turbocharger);

Fig.13 is a combined power plant with multiple cylinders (6, 17, 21) with a receiver (14) and the total number of VCS is greater than or equal to one;

Fig.14 - power supply unit with a crank mechanism, working on a 4-stroke cycle with two VCS, where the time spent on combustion, from zero degrees up to seven hundred and twenty degrees of rotation angle of the crankshaft (tmountainsfrom 0 to 720 angle PBA, tmountainsthe time spent on burning);

Fig.15 is the same as that in Fig.14, but 2-stroke cycle (tmountainsfrom 0 to 360 of the rotation angle of the crankshaft);

Fig.16 - power plant type Wankel, working on a 4-stroke cycle with trochoidal cylinder (6) and triangular-shaped piston (7) and two by the switching device places the channel inlet (9) and release (10) in the cylinder (6) with a locking device (11);

tmountainsfrom 0 to 120 angle PR (turning rotor) when working stroke 60 angle ETC;

Fig.17 is the same as that in Fig.16, but with three VCS (1, 2, 3), which has separate inlet channels (4) and release (5), tmountainsfrom 0 to 240 angle ETC when working stroke 60 angle ETC;

Fig.18 - rotor system with two VCS (1, 2), working on a 4-stroke cycle;

Fig.19 - set rotary vane with three plates forming three working volume, and two VCS (1, 2) that can operate on a 4-stroke cycle reversal;

Fig.20 - free-piston setup with the opposite working chambers, working on a 2-stroke cycle, with two VCS (1, 2) for each working chamber;

Fig.21 - the same, but with one of videoconferencing (1) and the receiver (14) for each working chamber;

Fig.22 - set with crank mechanism with one of videoconferencing (1) and the receiver (14), working on a 2-stroke cycle, tmountainsfrom 0 to 180 angle PBA;

Fig.23 is the same as Fig.22, with two VCS (1, 2), tmountainsfrom 0 to 540 angle PBA;

Fig.24 is the same as in Fig.22, but for 4-stroke cycle, tmountainsfrom 0 to 540 angle PBA;

Fig.25 is the same as Fig.24, but with two VCS (1, 2), tmountainsfrom 0 to 1260 angle PBA;

Fig.26 is the same as in Fig.16, but one of videoconferencing (1) and the receiver (14), tmountainsfrom 0 to 90 angle ETC when working stroke 30 angle ETC;

Fig.28 is the same as that in Fig.27 operating in a 2-stroke cycle with six VCS (1, 2, 3) arranged on both sides of the major axis of epitrochoid (axis), tmountainsfrom 0 to 240 angle ETC when working stroke 30 angle ETC;

Fig.29 - power supply unit with a crank mechanism with two cylinders (6, 17) and three VCS (1, 2, 3), working on a 2-stroke cycle, tmountainsfrom 0 to 180 angle PBA, the camber angle between the knees 180 angle PBA;

Fig.30 is the same as in Fig.29, but with two VCS (1, 2), working on a divided 4-stroke cycle, tmountainsfrom 0 to 180 angle PBA, the camber angle between the knees 180 angle PBA;

Fig.31 is the same as in Fig.30, but the camber angle between the knees 0 angle PBA, tmountainsfrom 0 to 360 angle PBA;

Fig.32 - the combined power unit with a crank mechanism, working on a divided 4-stroke cycle, without receiver with two VCS (1,2) and the camber angle between the knees 0 angle PBA, tmountainsfrom 0 to 300 angle PBA;

Fig.33 - the combined power unit on a free-piston design with four working volumes and two VCS (1, 2), working on a divided 4-stroke cycle, the stroke, the expansion stroke incomplete, equal to half the stroke

Fig.34 - the combined power unit type Wankel working on a divided 4-stroke cycle with two VCS (1, 2) located on both sides of the major axis of epitrochoid (axis), tmountainsfrom 0 to 60 angle ETC when working stroke 30 angle AVE, tact compression in video conferencing (1, 2) is within 30 angle ETC;

Fig.35 is the same as in Fig.34, but VKS (1, 2) are located on one side of the major axis of epitrochoid (axis), tmountainsfrom 0 to 60 angle ETC when working stroke 30 angle AVE, tact compression in video conferencing (1, 2) is within 30 angle ETC;

Fig.36 is the same as in Fig.34, but four VCS (1, 2), tmountainsfrom 0 to 120 angle ETC when working stroke 60 angle ETC;

Fig.37 is the same as in Fig.36, but with the receiver (14), tmountainsfrom 0 to 180 angle ETC when working stroke 30 angle ETC;

Fig.38 - the combined power unit on a free-piston design with four cylinders and two pistons (7, 18), working on a divided 4-stroke cycle with a receiver (14) and four VCS (1, 2), where the pistons move in opposite directions;

Fig.39 - combination unit, which is connected:

25 - turbocharging;

26 - free-piston unit, which works on a divided 4-stroke cycle with four VCS (1, 2);

27 - set with crank Asti divided 4-stroke cycle (i.e., expansion and release), and videoconferencing (1, 2) are located on both sides of the major axis of epitrochoid (axis);

Fig.40 - the combined power unit, consisting of:

29 - set with crank mechanism operating on the first side of the split 4-stroke cycle (intake, compression);

30 is a rotary vane device working on the second part of the divided 4-stroke cycle with two VCS (1, 2);

Fig.41 - reversible power plant without a starter to crank the engine and three working volume, the camber angle between the knees 120 angle PBA;

Fig.42 is the same as Fig.41, but working volume four, the camber angle between the knees 90 angle PBA.

Claimed power plant consists of two (or more) VCS 1, 2, 3 (Fig.1-42), each of which is connected the inlet channels 4 and release 5 with a dead volume of one cylinder 6, which moves the piston 7. The piston and cylinder forming a working chamber (working volume).

In the inlet 4 and outlet 5 channels installed shut-reguliruuschie device 8 in the form of valves, pistons or spools that specifies the operation mode of each VCS 1, 2, 3. The cylinder 6 has an inlet 9 and outlet 10 channels with shut-off and control devices 11. In VCS 1, 2, 3 to the outlet 5 to attach to each VCS 1, 2, 3, you get the receiver 14 (Fig.4-42) attached to each VCS 1, 2, 3.

The VCS 1, 2, 3 inlet channels 4 and release 5 can be combined into one channel 15 (Fig.6-42) with shut-off and control device 8 (Fig.6-42). And the receiver 14 of the inlet channel 4 can be attached to the VCS 1, 2, 3, and combined with the exhaust channel 5. Get the connecting channel 16 (Fig.7-42) between the VCS 1, 2, 3 and the receiver 14, which is installed shut-off reguliruuschie device 8.

Energy installation to a single cylinder 6 and the piston 7 can be attached to the second cylinder 17 (Fig.8-42) with the piston 18 (Fig.8-42) or more cylinder 21 (Fig.9-42) with pistons 22 (Fig.9-42).

In designs without receiver 14 attaching the second cylinder 17 or more cylinders 21 is performed with respect to the conditions under which each VCS 1, 2, 3 of the first cylinder 6 are connected by a channel 19 (Fig.8-42) with shut-off and control device 20 (Fig.8-42), with a dead volume of the second cylinder 17 or more cylinders 21, and the total number of VCS 1, 2, 3 must be at least two.

In designs with a receiver 14 (Fig.11-42) attaching the second cylinder 17 or more cylinders 21 is performed with respect to the conditions under which the receiver 14 of the first cylinder 6 is connected by a channel 23 (Fig.11-42) with shut-ndrew 21, the total number of VCS 1, 2, 3 may be greater than or equal to one.

The number of cylinders with pistons power plant may be any, as the combination of types and designs. For example, a cylinder and a piston therein can be made in the form of:

- vertical cylinder 6 (Fig.14), which moves in a reciprocating cylindrical piston 7 (Fig.14) connected with a crank mechanism 27 (Fig.39);

- trochoidal cylinder 6 (Fig.16) type Wankel 28 (Fig.39), which rotates the piston is made in the form of triangular rotor 7 (Fig.16);

- horizontal cylinder 6 (Fig.18, which rotates the piston in the form of a horizontal cylinder mounted eccentric 7 (Fig.18);

- horizontal cylinder 6 (Fig.19), which rotates the piston is made in the form of the rotor 7 (Fig.19) with three plates;

- horizontal double cylinder 6 (Fig.20) which moves in a reciprocating piston having a double-sided work surface 7 (Fig.20), and without a conversion mechanism, i.e., free-piston structure 26 (Fig.39).

If the power plant two or more cylinders with pistons run in the combination of these different types and designs, you will get combeenation work without starter power plant comprises at least three working volume, displaced relative to each other at the same distance and in the rotary-piston designs additionally has a device that allows you to swap the intake and release the cylinder. For example, in one trochoidal cylinder 6 (Fig.16) one triangular rotor-piston 7 (Fig.16) to form three working volume.

In a piston setup with a crank mechanism in a single cylinder 6 (Fig.14) with one piston 7 (Fig.14) is formed in one business volume. Therefore, to fulfill the need to have three cylinder 6 (Fig.14) with three pistons 7 (Fig.41). Except for structures of free-piston units (Fig.20, 21). For them, the number of displacements does not matter.

If trochoidal cylinder 6 (Fig.16) with a triangular-shaped rotor 7 (Fig.16) the location of the volumes already fixed by the design, the cylinders with pistons having a crank mechanism, this arrangement does not (Fig.14). The magnitude of this bias on the piston stroke in the cylinder (Fig.41, 42) relative to each other can be determined from the ratio of,

where h3 - the number of the pistons;

2S - double stroke.

When row cylinders are the same offset between the piston 7 can /img.russianpatents.com/chr/176.gif">the camber angle between the knees, the angle of rotation of the crankshaft;

K3 - the number of the tribes of the crankshaft, each of which are connected by a connecting rod with one piston.

In the above constructions power plants filling the 6 cylinder or cylinders 17, 21 air or fuel mixture occurs due to the pressure difference in the cylinder 6 and out of it or force under the action of the supercharger or turbocharger 25 (Fig.12, 39).

All VCS 1, 2, 3, it is desirable and can be achieved with good insulation (e.g., ceramic) to reduce heat losses and to facilitate the startup of the plant in cold weather.

The order of operation of the 4 - or 2-stroke cycle similar to the known installations. The difference lies in the following. After the measure of intake, compression stroke, the air or fuel mixture enters the VCS 1, 2, 3 (Fig.1-42) via the inlet channel 4. When this discharge channel 5 blocked by a locking device 8. After filling the VCS 1, 2, 3 of the fuel mixture or air inlet port 4 is blocked by a locking device 8, and the fuel mixture is ignited with a candle 13 and burns or injected fuel through the nozzle 12, which is mixed with the compressed air the use and combustion of the mixture, defined and implemented depending on the speed of the piston 7 in the cylinder 6. The locking device 8 in the discharge channel 5 is opened and the burned gases begin to put pressure on the piston 7, making a working stroke (stroke extension). At the end of the stroke expansion begins tact exhaust gases from the cylinder 6.

Unlike the work of some structures VCS 1, 2, 3 in that the inlet of the fuel mixture or air into the VCS 1, 2, 3 and the release of her burnt gases occurs on the same channel (up and down) 15 (Fig.6), and control of the inlet and outlet is one stop-regularwork device 8 (Fig.6).

The use of two or more VCS 1, 2, 3 enabled energy installation in a new way. Namely, the compressed air or the fuel mixture is fed into the VCS 1, 2, 3 sequentially, simultaneously, or in other combinations. In them the fire is burning within the specified time required for complete combustion of the fuel. From the VCS 1, 2, 3 burnt gases force the piston 7 serially, simultaneously, or in other combinations, making stroke (cycle extension). The operation mode is set to shut-off and control devices 8, which are made in the connecting channels 4, 5.

Work energy establece closed and the cylinder is partially filled with the mixture, and low speed movement of the piston (low speed shaft) there are two VCS in turn. With increasing opening of the valve and accordingly a large intake mixture in the cylinder, causing an increase in speed of the piston and reducing the amount of time spent on combustion, is included in the work alternately first third videoconferencing, and then at the maximum speed of the piston and the fourth video conferencing, restoring the time required for complete combustion of the fuel (sequential operation of videoconferencing). At maximum load, when the valve is open until the end, and the cylinder is completely filled with the mixture, and the speed of movement of the piston is low, all four VCS at the same time. When this is achieved the maximum force required to increase the velocity of the piston (increase the speed of the shaft). After reaching the desired velocity of the piston (the speed increased, but permanent VCS again to switch to working alternately, and depending on the achieved speed of the piston are alternately two, three or all four VCS (simultaneous videoconferencing).

When the increasing speed of the piston is not required in the maximum mode, it is possible to work simultaneously three VCS, or even two VCS. In the latter case p is this the work of the VCS). When the mode selection is taken into account the resulting compression ratio. With a larger number of VCS 1, 2, 3 the time spent on education and combustion of the fuel mixture at alternate work increases, and while work is done to increase by a total force acting on the piston 7, in proportion to the increase in the number of VCS 1, 2, 3. This is achieved with a corresponding increase cylinder filling air or fuel mixture in proportion to the increase in the number of VCS 1, 2, 3 (in other words, increasing the displacement in two or more times in proportion to the increase in the number of cameras).

This method gives the possibility to adjust the compression ratio and power, which is especially important when you work with boosting, and also adjust (change) the time spent on education and combustion of the fuel mixture.

Depending on the chosen scheme of the power plant and a given mode of operation, the burning time of the fuel can be regulated and subject to changes of time of fuel injection and supply of sparks in a very wide range: from a minimum at low speeds of the piston (slow speed shaft) up to a maximum at the maximum speed of the piston (maximum rpm). For power plants with a crank mechanism with this is use (from 0 to 720 angle PBA) (Fig.14, 23, 24, 25).

Similar minimum burning time of the fuel - power plant with VCS 1, 2, 3 without shut-off and control devices 8 - there is a prechamber or vihrekamerny ice.

It must be emphasized that the combustion of the mixture occurs in a larger period of time allotted for burning as much time as you want at a corresponding speed of the piston (shaft revolutions) for complete combustion of the fuel mixture. For example, the entire length of time allotted for the combustion mixture is equal to from 0 to 720 angle PBA. This means that it is possible at 1000 rpm complete combustion of the mixture will be within 60 angle PBA. At 2000 rpm the combustion mixture will be within a 120 angle PBA, at 3000 rpm for 180 angle PBA, at 6000 rpm for 300 angle PBA, at 12000 rpm for 720 angle PBA.

The presence of such a long time burning fuel, gives the opportunity to use the data of the power plant as a multi-fuel, and with complete combustion of the fuel, which significantly increases efficiency and environmental friendliness of installations, and also makes it possible to increase the speed of movement of the piston 7 to raise much momentum) power plant, which significantly increases the capacity of, for example, diesel power

If one of the two VCS 1, 2 increase in volume, and its outlet 5 to attach to the second videoconferencing 1, 2, then the receiver 14 (Fig.4-42), able to work in tandem with one VCS 1, 2. With a larger number of VCS 1, 2, 3 requires the receiver 14 to attach the exhaust channel 5 for each VCS 1, 2, 3 (Fig.5-42).

So the application of the receiver is allowed to receive:

- effective engine brake;

- compressor power unit;

- accumulation of air blowing through videoconferencing and run the power plant at work;

- temporary work only on air;

- use of accumulated air (for example, control valves or brake);

- cooling of the air after compression and receive an increased charge in the combustion chamber (pressurization);

- air heating in the cold season;

- increase (i.e. control) of displacement and power two or more times.

The way to work with the receiver 14 (Fig.4).

After the suction stroke of the piston 7 in the compression stroke compresses the air in the receiver 14 via the inlet channel 4. In the receiver 14 is the collection and storage, cooling or heating of the compressed air. Only then the final channel 5 adjustable amount of air enters the VCS 1, 2, 3, where the injected fuel and the burning of Toei inlet channel 4 (Fig.4) the receiver 14 to the exhaust channel 5 will receive a connecting channel 16 (Fig.7) between the VCS 1, 2, 3 and the receiver 14 with stop-regularwork device 8.

Working with several receiver will change. Thus, in the compression stroke, the air enters the VCS 1, 2, 3, and then through the connecting channel 16 to the receiver 14, where all of the above processes, starting with collecting air again. The cooling air in the receiver 14 after compression, especially with charge leads to greater volume filling mixture VCS 1, 2, 3 and, consequently, to increase the power efficiency of the power plant, i.e., there is an increase of charge in the VCS 1, 2, 3, or otherwise - pressurization.

For regulating the amount of charge flowing in the VCS 1, 2, 3 is used and the cooling and heating of the receiver 14. Heating facilitates start-up and operation of power plants in cold weather. In addition, heating and cooling to regulate the pressure in the receiver 14, and hence the pressure in the VCS 1, 2, 3, which is equivalent to regulating the degree of compression in the VCS 1, 2, 3. Pressure control, i.e., the degree of compression in the VCS 1, 2, 3 can be produced and gear for air, installed between the receiver 14 and the VCS 1, 2, 3. Since different fuels have different valid value compression, then changing it, as in the case of two or more VCS 1, 2, we have the ability to use different fuels, i.e., we get plenty of the tion) air VCS 1, 2, 3 and gives options placing them relative to the cylinder.

In the work of the considered power plant on the vehicle during braking, or at partial loads, flow of air from the receiver or no consumption, small.

Unused and accumulated air in the receiver is used to purge VCS from residual gases or for an extra boost during acceleration of the vehicle.

In addition, the air in the receiver creates a noticeable resistance when engine braking, the so - called engine brake. In particular, when the engine braking cycle of expansion and release better be used for additional intake in the cylinder 6 (due to the opening of the intake valve) air and compress it into the receiver 14 (when closed, the exhaust valve of the cylinder). As the burning in VCS does not occur, there is no flow of fuel and air. Get a double effect: the increase of the braking torque and the increase of the accumulated air.

The accumulation of a sufficient quantity of air in the receiver 14 can carry out the movement of the vehicle only by the energy of the air, without fuel.

In the operation of power plants is essential, the number of VCS, which is selected from the conditions of adequacy.

Slovakiet movement of the piston 7 (the number of revolutions, moves);

- the time of formation and combustion of the fuel mixture;

- ways to increase power (stepped or stepless manner).

Manual method - when to increase the power to a running VCS optionally connects one or more VCS operating in parallel (simultaneously) with the first.

Smooth the way when the power regulation occurs in videoconferencing change the quality and/or quantity of the mixture. For example, when you want "instant" high power at low speed, you can use two (or more) VCS 1, 2, 3 at the same time. This corresponds to a growth of the gross volume (capacity) in two (or more) times, with the same number and volume of cylinders and the same degree of compression, and when the pressurization and more.

The increase of displacement occurs.

Volume one of videoconferencing, as in conventional engines, corresponds to the volume of one cylinder. Therefore, if two or more VCS, they correspond to two or more cylinders. Where does the volume of air or fuel mixture. There are two cases. First, as without the receiver, by increasing the filling of the cylinder at two or more times. Second, through the use of accumulated air from the receiver 14 is directly fill VCS 1, 2, is 14 and VCS 1, 2, 3 it is possible to obtain a smooth and manual way of working power plant, which does not depend on the periodicity of the piston, and depends on the speed of the piston (shaft revolutions) and asked the time of combustion of the mixture. I.e., the presence of the receiver allows you to smoothly adjust the power by increasing the amount of charge (air mixture), as well as step-instantly increase displacement and power by increasing the number of working videoconferencing and value of the content of the charge in them. The time allowed for the combustion of the fuel mixture, it is sufficient for complete combustion of the fuel and does not require additional connections for videoconferencing alternately work, although it is possible. This work VCS 1, 2 becomes possible due to the time provided for the combustion of fuel, corresponding to the piston stroke in the cylinder. For power plants with a crank mechanism, this corresponds to from 0 to 180angle PBA and above, and for the free-piston, the greater the speed, the more time spent on burning.

With a significant accumulation of air in the receiver it can be used for other purposes. In particular, as the unit or the gas generator. Last Vasilica VCS 1, 2, 3, receiver 14, and the lack of transformative mechanism in the sum instead of the two units are combined, performed in one case. This significantly reduces the weight, size and fuel consumption and low emissions.

In the claimed energy installing the piston in the cylinder may not have (Fig.20) or to have (Fig.14) a mechanism for converting the motion of one body (piston) in the movement of another body (shaft). In one cylinder are all the bars when working on two - or four-stroke cycles.

For the proposed power plant with two 17 (Fig.8-42) or multiple cylinders 21 (Fig.9-42) there is a join condition between them.

Thus, in constructions without receiver (Fig.8, 9, 10) the connection is made between the VCS 1, 2, 3 one cylinder 6 and the dead volume of each cylinder 17, 21 connecting channel 19, with shut-off and control device 20, and the total number of VCS 1, 2, 3 must be at least two.

In constructions with the receiver (Fig.11, 12, 13) the connection is made between the receivers 14 (Fig.13) all of the cylinders 6, 17, 21 (Fig.13) of the connecting channel 23 (Fig.13), having a shut-off reguliruuschie device 24 (Fig.13), and the total number of VCS 1, 2, 3 may be equal to one, or more than 1 is, and divided 4-stroke cycle (similar to the prototype).

Special consideration must be combined when multi-cylinder power plant cylinders with pistons made for a variety of types and designs, with the ability to work simultaneously on 2-, 4-stroke and separated by a 4-stroke cycles at the same time.

For example, eight cylinders with pistons made on a free-piston structure 26 (Fig.39), two cylinders with pistons design with a crank mechanism 27 and one cylinder with a piston design type Wankel 28. Moreover, the free-piston design 26 operates on a divided 4-stroke cycle, the crank 27 on 2-stroke cycle, and type Wankel 28 on the second side of the split 4-stroke cycle, i.e., operates at the quantum extension, and then there is the exhaust, which together with the exhaust gases from the remaining cylinders 26, 27 rotate the turbine compressor 25 (Fig.39). The intake to the turbocharger air is blown through the inlet channel 9 and enters the cylinder free-piston structure 26, the working cycle of the compressor. From there through the connecting channel 15, the air is blown into the receiver 14 that is common to all kombinirov 16 air flows to all VCS 1, 2, where it is mixed with fuel and combustion of the resulting fuel mixture. The burnt gases pressure on the pistons, causing them to move. When this piston free-piston structure 26, performing reciprocating motion, ensure the installation of the air. Pistons with the crank mechanism 27 perform the work and make the translational motion of the piston into rotation of the shaft. During the reverse course they do the compression stroke in the receiver 14. Rotary piston design Wankel 28 does work and converts the rotation of the piston into rotation of the shaft. Moreover, the piston can move reversal, making the work both in one and in the other direction of rotation. If considered for combined installation position on the vehicle, the piston crank mechanism causes the rotation of the front wheels, the piston-type Wankel - rear wheels, and free-piston design, which is located in the middle, provides all motors and other needs of the car in the air.

Design containing two or more VCS 1, 2, 3, or receiver 14 and VCS 1, 2, 3, has the ability due to accumulation of fuel mixture or air contained in two or more VCS 1, 2, 3 or the receiver 14, to start ene is three business volumes, mixed relative to each other at the same distance, and for rotary-piston designs additionally to swap the direction of the inlet 9 and release 10 of the cylinder 6 (optional to install the channels 9, 10 with locking devices 11).

For example, in the design of the Wankel type in one trochoidal cylinder 6 (Fig.16) with one triangular-shaped piston 7 (Fig.16) formed three working volume, and in one cylinder 6 (Fig.14) with the piston 7 (Fig.14) which is connected with a crank mechanism, is formed in one business volume. Therefore, to fulfill the need to have three 6 cylinder with pistons 7 (Fig.41). Except for structures of free-piston (Fig.20, 21). For them, the number of displacements does not matter.

If trochoidal cylinder 6 (Fig.16) with a triangular-shaped rotor 7 (Fig.16) the location of the volumes already fixed by the design, the cylinders with pistons having a crank mechanism, this arrangement does not (Fig.14). The magnitude of this bias on the piston stroke in the cylinder (Fig.41, 42) relative to each other can be determined from the ratio of,

where h3 - the number of the pistons;

2S - double stroke.

When row arrangement of cylinders is the group

where Lthe camber angle between the knees, the angle of rotation of the crankshaft;

K3 - the number of the tribes of the crankshaft, each of which are connected by a connecting rod with one piston.

To start operation of the power plant without the starter, you should send a spark to the ignition plug 13 and the fuel 12 in the VCS 1, 2, 3, and after the fuel mixture will burn, open the shut-off device 8 in the discharge channel 5 VCS 1, 2, 3. Start done.

In the piston with the crank mechanism to supply spark to the ignition plug 13 should be made in the VCS 1, 2, 3 corresponding cylinder, selected with respect to the direction of movement of the piston (i.e., the direction of rotation of the crankshaft), and in rotary-piston units you need to open the locking device 8 (Fig.16) in the discharge channel 5 of the VCS 1, 2, 3 corresponding to the selected direction of rotation of the piston rotor, and to open or close the shut-off device 11 in the respective channels of the inlet 9 and release 10 of the cylinder 6.

The way you start with a receiver 14 may differ from the above. The air from the receiver 14 is supplied to all VCS 1, 2, 3 are closed, the locking device 8 in the discharge channels 5 of all VCS 1, 2, 3. After filling the air VCS 1, 2, livna mixture is ignited by the spark 13 all VCS 1, 2, 3 cylinder 6.

The fuel will burn necessarily even in cold weather, because the time for burning is not limited. The locking device 8 in the discharge channel 5 is opened all VCS 1, 2, 3 cylinder 6 at the same time. Start done.

As in the receiver 14 has accumulated air, if necessary start can be repeated.

Thus, when the vehicle comes to a stop at traffic lights, you must stop the engine, because the further movement is possible "instantly" to perform the start operation of the engine.

The work of the "stop-start" saves fuel and does not pollute the environment. The need for the transfer of "reverse" or reverse in the box changes gear disappears, and the need for the transmission can be put into question. Its function can perform additional VCS 1, 2, 3.

Power systems, lubrication and cooling described power plant doesn't have.

Thus, the claimed power plant has the following positive qualities.

The presence of two or more video conferencing can improve the combustion process, which ensures complete combustion of fuel in dual fuel installation and, consequently, increase power, fuel economicvalue times without increasing the number of cylinders and dimensions of the installation, increases the speed in two or more times without changing the fuel injection devices, and all this together increases the plant capacity at the same weight and size values. The use of advanced receiver improves efficiency and increases power at even lower toxicity. The possibility of starting in the absence of starter not only facilitates the power plant, but also eliminates the need for large and powerful battery, which leads to substantial savings.

The use of power plants as an effective engine brake contributes to traffic safety.

Best results use in combined installations free-piston designs. Here reduces the weight, dimensions, and to all these positive qualities plus the ability arbitrary location of the power plant units.

Sources of information

1. A. S. No. 547539, CL F 02 B 53/00 from 07.07.75,

2. The magazine "Behind the wheel", 2000, No. 5, S. 43, Fig. century

3. The magazine "Behind the wheel", 2001, No. 2, S. 40-42.

Claims

1. Energy installation comprising a cylinder and piston forming a working chamber, a channel inlet in the cylinder, the channel release from the cylinder is RNO-reguliruuschie device in the inlet and outlet channels, characterized in that it is made with at least two decisions of combustion chambers, each of which is connected by a channel inlet and outlet with a dead volume of the cylinder.

2. Power plant under item 1, characterized in that one of the imposed combustion chambers performed by the receiver and its outlet connected with each submitted combustion chamber.

3. Power plant under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the inlet and outlet channels made of the combustion chamber is made in the same channel.

4. Power plant according to any one of paragraphs.2 and 3, characterized in that the inlet and outlet channels of the receiver are made in one channel connecting it with each submitted combustion chamber.

5. Power plant according to any one of paragraphs.1 and 3, characterized in that each made the combustion chamber are connected by a channel having a locking reguliruuschie device, with a dead volume of the second cylinder.

6. Power plant according to any one of paragraphs.2-4, characterized in that the receiver is connected by a channel having a shut-off and regulating device with a receiver of the second cylinder.

 

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FIELD: mechanical engineering; piston machines.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for use in piston machines for converting reciprocation of piston into rotation of shaft and conversion of rotation of shaft into reciprocation of piston in engines or compressors. Working chamber of piston machine is formed by piston crown and at least one cavity in cylinder head, or cylinder head and at least one cavity in piston crown, or at least two cavities, one in piston crown and the other, in cylinder head. Walls of chamber for each version are made mirror-like to reflect wave action, and cavities are made in form of pyramid, truncated pyramid, conical, truncated cone, hemisphere, spherical segment, paraboloid, stepped in longitudinal section of working chamber, or in form of spiral or ring groove in cross section of working chamber.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of conversion pf kinetic energy of working medium into useful work, increased power output and efficiency.

120 cl, 82 dwg

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