The invention relates to air conditioning systems and can be used in refrigeration and heat pumps. The conditioner contains at least one fan with blades, pipelines connecting the evaporators, condensers, and compressors. New air conditioner is the fact that the condenser and/or evaporator made of rotating and/or capacitor and/or the evaporator is located on the fan blades. The technical result is to simplify the design, manufacturing technology and expand the use of this type of air conditioning by making condenser and/or evaporator rotating separately. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.The invention relates to air conditioning systems and can be used in refrigeration and heat pumps.Known air-conditioned, consisting of compressor, condenser, evaporator and fan (see Lepew D. A. Electrical appliances for domestic use. - M: Light and food industry, 1982, S. 72).The use of a fan with a fixed heat exchanger for evaporator and blower with a fixed heat exchanger for condenser increases Konzert efficiency.The objective of the invention is to simplify the design, manufacturing technology and expand the use of this type of air conditioning.This task is solved in that in conditioner containing at least one fan with blades, pipes connecting the evaporator and the condenser, the compressor, condenser and/or evaporator is made rotatable, and/or the condenser and/or evaporator is located on the fan blades. The compressor, condenser and evaporator can be installed on the same axis with the fans. The condenser or the evaporator may be located on the fan blades and/or made revolving, and accordingly, the evaporator or the condenser is fixed.The performance of evaporators and condensers rotating separately from the fan blades makes it possible to manufacture them more simple in design, manufacturing techniques. Possibility to manufacture fan blades smaller diameter, air conditioning becomes more compact in diameter, and this, in turn, extends the use of the air conditioner, for example, on cars.Installation of the compressor, condenser and evaporator on the same axis veins is Atara or evaporator, located on the fan blades and/or made revolving, and accordingly, the evaporator or the condenser is solid mounted, allows the expansion of the use of the air conditioner, for example, when used for condenser cooling, or if the use of the evaporator in cramped conditions with a complex configuration of the installation.Comparative analysis of the prototype allows us to conclude that the proposed air conditioning differs in that the condenser and/or evaporator made of rotating and/or capacitor and/or the evaporator is located on the fan blades.The compressor, condenser and evaporator can be installed on the same axis with fans.The condenser or the evaporator may be located on the fan blades and/or made revolving, and accordingly, the evaporator or the condenser is fixed.This allows us to conclude that these symptoms are new, and the proposed solution meets the criterion of "novelty."Check the conformity of the invention the requirement of inventive step, which was carried out in relation to the totality of its essential preskil conversion solution, characterized by distinctive features of the prototypes of the essential traits to achieve a technical result: simplification of design, manufacturing technology and expand the use of this type of conditioning. This suggests that the invention is not necessary for the expert in the obvious way from the prior art, i.e., it meets the criterion of "inventive step".Thus, a new set of essential features enables the creation of air conditioners with simplified, automated and more universal construction because the condenser and/or evaporator is made rotatable, and/or the condenser and/or evaporator is located on the fan blades.In Fig.1 schematically air conditioning, top view; Fig.2 - air conditioning, top view, and the evaporator or the condenser is stationary.The conditioner contains the fan 1 with on the blades of the condenser 2, fan 3 located on the blades of the evaporator 4. On the axis 5 installed fan 1, fan 3, the rotating capacitor 6, a rotating evaporator 7 and the compressor 8 is attached to the motor 9. Fan 1 and the rotating capacitor 6 are located inside of the fan blade 1, the evaporator 4, located on the blades of the fan 3, the rotating capacitor 6, a rotating evaporator 7 and the compressor 8 are connected by pipes 12. The pipeline 12 is set to the control valve 13.Air conditioning works as follows.The motor 9 rotates the compressor 8 and the axis 5. Together with the axis of the rotating fan 1, fan 3, the rotating capacitor 6 and the rotating evaporator 7. Refrigerant from the compressor 8 is supplied through the piping 12 to the condenser 2, located on the blades of the fan 1, and the rotating capacitor 6. Vitalises in the capacitors 2 and 6, heat is transferred to the airflow within the enclosure. 10. The destruction of the capacitors 2 and 6 passes through the pipeline 12 through the axis 5 on the rotary evaporator 7 and the evaporator 4, located on the fan blades 3. The cold from the evaporator 4 and 7 is transferred to the airflow inside the casing 11.The conditioning may be performed so that the capacitor 2 was located on the fan blades 1 and axis 5 was installed rotating capacitor 6 or the evaporator 4 was located on the fan blades 3 and the axis 5 was installed rotary evaporator 7, and accordingly, the evaporator 7 and the valve is movable.Air conditioning can be made from several fans, condensers, evaporators installed on one or more axes.The possibility of carrying out the invention and assurance technical result, which is expressed in the simplification of design, manufacturing technology and expand the use of this type of air conditioners, confirmed the above drawings and description of the air conditioner in a static condition and in action.This suggests that the invention meets the requirement of industrial applicability.
Claims1. Air conditioning, containing at least one fan with blades, pipelines connecting the evaporators, condensers and compressor, characterized in that the condenser and/or evaporator made of rotating and/or capacitor and/or the evaporator is located on the fan blades.2. Air conditioning under item 1, characterized in that the compressor, condenser and evaporator are installed on the same axis with the fans.3. Air conditioning under item 1, characterized in that the condenser or the evaporator is located on the fan blades and/or made revolving, and accordingly the IP
FIELD: air-conditioning and ventilation systems for living and public buildings.
SUBSTANCE: proposed system includes plenum-exhaust unit with air valves, filter, plate-type recuperative heat exchanger, air cooler, supply fan connected with supply pipe line; mounted in way of exhaust air flow are filter, plate-type heat utilizer, exhaust fan and pipe line of evacuation of exhaust air into atmosphere. Mounted in way of exhaust air before plate-type recuperative heat utilizer is electric air heater which is switched on by pulse of sensors monitoring forming of ice crusts on surfaces of plate-type passages in zone where moisture is condensed at cooling and dehumidifying of exhaust air. Mounted in way of flow of supply air after plate-type recuperative heat utilizer is supply air temperature control sensor which is connected by pulse communication with multi-flap air valve of air bypass passages; supply air ducts are connected to ejection-type terminals mounted under windows of building being serviced; their heat exchangers are connected with centralized and/or local heat and cold sources; connecting pipe lines are provided with automatic valves connected with room temperature sensors. Proposed system ensures control of ice crusts on plate-type heat exchanger with no reduction in recuperation factor; this system also provides for use of natural cold of outside air for removal for excessive heat in spaces served.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: air-conditioning and plenum-exhaust ventilation systems.
SUBSTANCE: according to first version proposed body has pair of peripheral sections for refrigerating machine with delivery port in each of them for connection with respective fan and evacuation of air from peripheral sections; central section is located between peripheral sections with pair of opposing suction ports for delivery of air to sections; it is connected with closed air supply passage for shut-off valves; it is provided with pair of suction ports for delivery of air to passage and pair of connecting ports which are open towards respective peripheral sections for delivery of air from passage to these sections; suction ports of passage are opposing; passage is located between peripheral sections in such way that pair of lateral sides forms connection with respective peripheral sections over their perimeters, thus ensuring shutting-off of sections. Body may be made in three versions.
EFFECT: facilitated manufacture; enhanced efficiency; reduced usage of materials; simplified construction.
32 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: air-conditioning and plenum-exhaust ventilation systems.
SUBSTANCE: proposed air-conditioning unit has three-section housing consisting of two peripheral sections and one central section located between them; it has two opposing suction ports for delivery of air to sections; each peripheral section has one delivery port for connection with respective fan and evacuation of air from peripheral sections where compressor and condenser are located; air-conditioning unit is also provided with evaporator of refrigerating machine and shut-off valve connected with central section and located between pair of ports; valve is made in form of plate and is used for control of air flow; this plate is mounted in central section between opposing suction ports; it is turnable relative to central section for disconnection of opposing suction ports and peripheral sections; each peripheral section is connected with respective opposing suction port, thus admitting the air to peripheral sections.
EFFECT: enhanced energy efficiency and operational reliability; facilitated procedure of assembly.
24 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: air conditioning aids.
SUBSTANCE: method of air conditioning is based upon mixing internal and external air, cleaning, heating and moisturizing. Moisturizing and cleaning is performed simultaneously with mixing in twisted flux. Mixing is made in proportion being necessary for achieving required temperature. Method includes cleaning, moisturizing, cooling, drying and heating of air. Before putting thermal parameters in balance the twisted flux is created where cleaning and moisturizing is made; drying is conducted by means of cooling till getting due point. Air conditioning system has fan, mixing chamber, regulating valves, control devices provided with detectors, air cooler, air heater and sprinkling system. Mixing chamber is made in form of cyclone-type mixer and is matched with sprinkling system. Efficiency of heat and mass exchange is improved due to sprinkling air by fluid inside twisted flux together with reduction in aerodynamic resistance of system.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of operation.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: air conditioning; refrigerating equipment.
SUBSTANCE: air conditioner has at least one fan and thermopiles. Semiconductor thermopiles are mounted onto rotating parts of fan besides blades or thermopiles can be mounted as onto rotating parts and onto blades of fan.
EFFECT: simplified design; ability of using different types of fans; improved efficiency of heat and refrigerating power from warm and cold alloys of thermopiles to heated and cooled air.
FIELD: conditioning technologies, can be used for cooling quarters and salons of vehicles.
SUBSTANCE: device has coolant, high pressure chamber, low pressure chamber connected to high pressure chamber, device for forming pressure leap, as coolant water steam is used and in low pressure chamber vacuum is formed by connection of conditioner by pipe to receipt collector of vehicle engine.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of heat transfer process between conditioner walls and coolant.
FIELD: wet dust catching; gas cleaning; air conditioning.
SUBSTANCE: method can be used at comfort air conditioning in heat-stressed board premises as well as in private and industrial buildings and constructions. Method includes mixing of re-circulation air with external air, introduction of air into contact apparatus, simultaneous warm-moisture treatment, cleaning and disinfecting and withdrawing from contact apparatus. Re-circulation air is mixed with external air to get permanent quantitative ration for preset mode of conditioning. As lavage fluid and heat carrier agent, the ozonized water is used which circulates in circuit for lavage fluid treatment provided with filtration unit, water ozonation unit and heating/cooling units. Processes of cleaning, heat-weight exchange and disinfecting of air mixture are carried out in splash lubrication/foam mode of operation of contact apparatus.
EFFECT: improved economy of air conditioning process; improved conditions of inhabitation in air-conditioned premises.
FIELD: air conditioning.
SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used as in industrial building and in dwelling-houses. Method includes mixing of external and internal air, liquid spraying, and air moisturizing, automatic regulation of air parameters. Spraying is carried by sending pulses of warm water into twisted air flux. Required temperature of air heating is achieved due to heating of internal air at its temperature being lower than required value. If temperature of air is higher than required value the internal and external air is subject to mixing. Moisturizing is carried till achieving level of required humidity of air in the room. Simultaneously with spraying of liquid and moisturizing, internal air is subject till temperature of air being lower than required value for the premises corresponding to necessary subsequent drying. Spraying is performed into twisted air flux by mixture of continuously re-circulating cold water. Air is moisturized till achieving value of 100% relative humidity. After that air is subject to heating till achieving required temperature of premises. Air humidity in premises is regulated by changing 100% air humidity due to temperature of liquid sprayed. Air conditioning system has fan, chamber for mixing external and internal air flows with supply air conducts, cold water sprinkling circuit provided with injectors, which circuit is connected with re-circulation pipe-line and cold water conduit by means of pump. System also has control devices and temperature and humidity detectors connected with actuating mechanisms of actuator valves. Mixing chamber is made cyclone-formed to have tangential input air conducts and central output branch pipe. Chamber is also provided with additional hot water sprinkling circuit and with electromagnet valve. Both circuits are disposed higher than tangential air conducts. Air heater is mounted behind the chamber. Temperature detector is disposed in front of air heater. Temperature detector is connected with cold water and air valves regulator. There are temperature and humidity detectors in the premises. The detectors are connected with air heater, hot water valve and air valves.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of heat- and mass exchange processes; reduced power intensity.
FIELD: air-conditioning systems.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying and discharging outdoor air through inlet and outlet branch pipes, control of temperature and humidity of air, measuring air pressure inside and outside of the room, and control of flow rate of supplying and discharging air until the pressure in the room is equal to the atmospheric pressure.
EFFECT: enhanced comfort.
FIELD: air conditioning.
SUBSTANCE: conditioner comprises housing, heat exchanger, intake and exhaust ducts, humidifier of inflow and outflow, intake and exhaust fans, evaporating heat exchanger, duct for the auxiliary flow provided with throttle, air-air recuperative heat exchanger, two tree-way valves with by-pass between them, inflow rate valve, filters-silencers, moisture separators of inflow and outflow, and drain system with pumping device and system for supplying water to the humidifiers with controllable flow rate valves. The intake duct receives filter at the inlet to the conditioner. The moisture separator and evaporating heat exchanger are arranged in series between the heat exchanger and humidifier. Additional moisture separator, air-air recuperative heat exchanger, intake fan, inflow rate valve, and silencer are arranged in series downstream of the humidifier. The duct for the auxiliary flow is used for evaporating heat exchanger and connects the outlet of the intake duct from the evaporating heat exchanger and outlet of the conditioner to the atmosphere. The duct for the auxiliary flow receives throttle and humidifier upstream of the evaporating heat exchanger and moisture separator and forevacuum pump downstream of the evaporating heat exchanger. The exhaust duct receive filter, silencer, two three-way valves with two passages between them, humidifier of the outflow, heat exchanger, moisture separator, and exhaust fan that arranged in series downstream. The moisture separators are connected with the water tank through drain system with pumping out devices.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.