The device is intended for use in power, namely in refrigeration, and can also be used for cooling the circulating water after heat exchange equipment. Capillary cooling unit includes a housing with top and bottom plates, fittings inlet and outlet of fluid, which is placed inside the horizontal septum and connected to vertical plates with a gap between its lower edge and the plane of the lower horizontal wall separating the cavity of the body on the steps of lifting and cooling systems made of or coated with a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic material and filled with a porous nozzle, and the upper horizontal partition made without cracks and below the horizontal partitions are made with slits, the vertical walls are connected alternately through one of its top or bottom edge with the surface of the adjacent upper or lower horizontal partitions with the creation of cracks, alternately located at the lower or upper horizontal walls, respectively, thus forming a between each two nearby horizontal partitions arranged alternately along zhidkostyami and cooling moreover, the cooling stage is filled porous nozzle so that it partially protrudes from the upper slits, occupying the upper part of the hollow cavity of the levels of education of the free surface, which are interconnected by vertical equalization tubes with holes in the top of each stage, passed through all of the horizontal partition, and a top cover provided with an air fitting. The invention allows to simplify the design of capillary water and improve the reliability of its work. 1 Il.The present invention relates to power engineering, namely, refrigeration, and can be used for cooling the circulating water after heat exchange equipment.Known water containing exhaust tower with pool in the lower part with inlet and outlet pipes, partitions, finned heat pipes, spray devices before heat pipes, closed housings with louvered openings .A disadvantage of the known device is the need to use water cooling refrigerant-air and the need for a considerable amount of energy for which utilizacii low-grade heat of the liquid, comprising a housing with top and bottom plates, fittings inlet and outlet for cooled liquid, which is placed inside a horizontal partition dividing the internal volume of the shell height at level rise and cooling and attached to the inner surface of the shell with flanged slots (vertical walls attached to the slits), forming a lifting tunnels, side (vertical partitions) directed downwards, forming between the edge of the tunnel and below the horizontal partition gap, sufficient for the passage of fluid; an internal cavity of winding tunnels filled porous nozzle, part of which rises above the surface of the upper horizontal walls, and the other reaches the upper surface below the horizontal septum and the surface of horizontal and vertical partitions covered with or made of hydrophilic and hydrophobic materials .The disadvantages of the known devices include the need to create expensive and bulky reinforcing structures for sustainable location in space, due to the fact that the optimal value of the parameters of the cooling is achieved when eenie height of the device, due to the lack of messages misunnelig cavities with each other and the atmosphere and leading to the cessation of movement of the fluid, which reduces the reliability of the device.The technical task to be solved by the invention is to simplify the design and increase the reliability of the device.The task is implemented in a capillary cooling unit including a housing with top and bottom plates, fittings inlet and outlet of fluid, which is placed inside the horizontal septum and connected to vertical plates with a gap between its lower edge and the plane of the lower horizontal wall separating the cavity of the body on the steps of lifting and cooling systems made of or coated with a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic material and filled with a porous nozzle, and the upper horizontal partition made without cracks and below the horizontal partitions are made with slits, vertical walls are connected alternately through one of its top or bottom edge with the surface of the adjacent upper or lower horizontal partitions with the creation of cracks, alternately located at the bottom or top of Gori is diversified partitions arranged alternately along the fluid through one n hollow levels of education of the free surface, n-1 cooling stages and one notch of uplift and cooling, and the cooling stage filled porous nozzle so that it partially protrudes from the upper slits, occupying the upper part of the hollow cavity of the levels of education of the free surface, which are interconnected by vertical equalization tubes with holes in the top of each stage, passed through all of the horizontal partition, and a top cover provided with an air fitting.The technical result of the invention is to obtain the optimal parameters of cooling water by repeated manual lifting fluid in the capillaries of the porous nozzle cooling stages, Oceania her on the hydrophilic surface of the vertical partitions to the bottom of the hollow rungs and education there is a free surface on each horizontal partition, multiple stepwise rise in capillary porous nozzle cooling stages and rise to the top horizontal partitions and create equal pressure in all the volume of the device.The drawing shows the proposed capillary water.Capillary cooling unit includes a housing 1 with the upper and lower covers 2, sleep is th posted by horizontal partitions 6, vertical partition 7 divides the cavity of the housing 1 between each two nearby horizontal partitions 6 are located alternately in the direction of the hollow liquid level of the free surface 8, the cooling stage 9, stage lifting and cooling 10 filled with a porous nozzle 11 so that the portion of the porous nozzle 11 is located in the cavity of the hollow level of the free surface 8, a few speaking from the gap the cooling stage 9 and rising above the plane of the horizontal partition wall 6, the bottom surface of the horizontal partitions 6 and the surface of the vertical partitions 7, the front flow of liquid covered with a hydrophobic material 12, the other surface of the partition walls 6, 7 is covered with a hydrophilic material 13, the pressure compensation tube 14 is passed through all of the horizontal partition 6 with holes 15 in the upper part of the hollow rungs of the free surface 8.The basis for the offer of capillary water on the way speed of capillary rise of a liquid, accompanied by her cooling by reducing the heat content of the surface layer and the increase of pressure due to its climb to a certain height, and the function of the cap is to be placed and lifting 10 [2, 3].Capillary water works as follows. The circulating water after it is heated in the heat exchange apparatus with temperature tgthrough the fitting 3 is served in the lower, first in the direction of the hollow liquid level of education of the free surface 8 in a quantity sufficient to lower the gap of the first stage 9 was flooded; and then begins the ascent of the water due to capillary forces in the porous nozzle 11 to a height h to a hydrophobic surface viseslava horizontal partitions 6, which repels water particles, the saturation of all the capillaries of the porous nozzle 11, a portion of which protrudes from the upper slit the cooling stage 9, in contact with the hydrophilic surface of the vertical walls 7, which is due to the combined effects of gravity forces hydrophilic surface vertical partitions 7 and gravity drains the water, which is collected on the hydrophilic surface of the horizontal partition 6 step 8 with the formation of a free surface, reducing its heat content, and accordingly, the temperature attC, reaches the lower slots following the cooling stage 9, after which the process of movement and olabode surface 8; then the water reaches the bottom of the slit-stage cooling and lifting 10 rises due to capillary forces in the porous nozzle 11 to a height h, spreads over the hydrophilic surface of the hollow stage 9 viseslava horizontal partitions 6, while reducing its temperature totC, reaches the bottom of the first slit in the direction of fluid the cooling stage 9, where the cooling process and recovery is the same as the above, to the upper horizontal partition 6, where the water is cooled to a temperature t0comes to the consumer. The parameters of water will be equal tot0=Nnt; (1)H=Nh; (2)where N is the number of horizontal partitions 6, PCs;n is the total number of cooling stages 9 and lifting 10 on one horizontal partition 6, PCsAt the same time, due to the fact that all hollow level of education of the free surface 8 are communicated with each other through the balance tube 14 with holes 15, and through the air nozzle 5 and with the atmosphere, in the whole volume of the device are set to the same pressure equal to the atmosphere to the outlet fitting 4 and then fed to the consumer.Thus, the proposed capillary water can reduce the height of the device in comparison with the known n times, providing a stable position it in the space without reinforcing structures and maintains uniform pressure throughout the volume of the apparatus, which simplifies the design and increases the reliability of the device.LITERATURE1. A. C. the USSR №1760291, M CL 5 F 28 C 1/00, 1990.2. RF patent №2161765, M CL 7 F 28 D 9/00, F 24 F 3/14, 2001.3. E. A. Melvin-Hughes. Physical chemistry. Am 11. - M.: Foreign. literature, 1962, 810 S.
ClaimsCapillary cooling unit including a housing with top and bottom plates, fittings inlet and outlet of fluid, which is placed inside the horizontal septum and connected to vertical plates with a gap between its lower edge and the plane of the lower horizontal wall separating the cavity of the body on the steps of lifting and cooling systems made of or coated with a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic material and filled with a porous nozzle, characterized in that the upper horizontal partition made without cracks and below the horizontal partitions are made with slits, vertical partitions connect the horizontal septum with the creation of cracks, alternately located at the lower or upper horizontal walls, respectively, thus forming a between each two nearby horizontal partitions arranged alternately along the fluid through one n hollow levels of education of the free surface, n-1 cooling stages and one notch of uplift and cooling, and the cooling stage filled porous nozzle so that it partially protrudes from the upper slits, occupying the upper part of the hollow cavity of the levels of education of the free surface, which are interconnected by vertical equalization tubes with holes in the top of each stage, passed through all of the horizontal septum, and a top cover provided with an air fitting.
FIELD: heat-power engineering; manufacture of cheat multi-functional cold and heat generating plants.
SUBSTANCE: according to first version, proposed method includes heating the air in heat exchanger by burning fuel in furnace, preliminary heating of air at mixing with cold air and humidification of air before delivery of it to consumer. Preliminary heating of air is performed in air elevator; humidification of air is performed in circulating line; condensed moisture is removed from furnace, ash pan and humidifier by means of drainage units; for delivery of air to furnace, use is made of fan. According to second version, in summer season water or dry ice is placed in tubular heat exchanger; then air is fed to furnace by means of fan and to consumer through heat exchanger; moisture from furnace and ash pan is removed by means of drainage units. Plant for forming the microclimate includes casing, furnace with fire grate, gas-and-air heat exchanger, gas duct, exhaust branch pipes and fan; it is provided with receiving collector, lower air chamber, tubular heat exchangers, recirculating line with filter and air elevator made in form of passages taking the heat from external lateral surfaces of casing; vertical tubular heat exchangers provided with swirlers are mounted on inner sides of furnace wall forming crown portion of furnace heat exchanger and connecting the lower air chamber located under ash pan bottom with collector and exhaust branch pipes; recirculating line is provided with air humidifier and is used for coupling the air elevator with heated air receiving collector. Volume of lower air chamber exceeds that of upper air chamber of heated air receiving collector by two times. Swirler is made in form of metal band with cuts on edges of lateral sides at swirling pitch relative to tube diameter equal to 4-7. Furnace, ash pan and humidifier are provided with drainage units for removal of moisture.
EFFECT: possibility of creating and maintaining required climate in room in winter and in summer.
4 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: systems for ventilation and air conditioning.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes housing having pan, inlet and outlet branch pipes, heat exchanging plates of capillary-porous material partially immersed into pan with water. Converging insert is arranged in cylindrical housing of apparatus. Ejection windows are cut out on surface of housing in front of walls of converging insert. Plates of capillary-porous material are arranged vertically and they overlap ejection windows; upper ends of said plates are mounted higher than said windows, their lower ends are immersed into pan with water. Outlet branch pipe of apparatus having diffuser shape at air outlet and cylinder shape of the remaining part is arranged coaxially with housing and it has diameter slightly less than inner diameter of housing. It provides minimum gap between inner surface of housing and outer surface of outlet branch pipe and possibility of motion of branch pipe inside housing along its axis by action of light effort of hand of operator for partially or completely overlapping ejection windows. Flow rate of air is controlled in apparatus by means of flap-type valve arranged in inlet branch pipe. Air distribution is realized by means of diffusers concentrically arranged in diffuser part of outlet branch pipe and having less diameters. Partitions are placed diametrically between less -diameter diffusers. Ducts restricted by diffusers and partitions are provided with air swirlers. All constructional members of apparatus except capillary-porous plate are made of corrosion-proof material.
EFFECT: possibility for controlling air humidity at outlet of humidifying device and distributing humidified air in room.
FIELD: gas-turbine plants.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises overexpanding air in a gas-expansion turbine and compressing it in a compressor. Downstream of the turbine the ambient air is cooled by cool air, and moisture is withdrawn. The compressor is actuated from the turbine. The cooling of the ambient air by cool air downstream of the turbine is performed before its supplying to the letter. The moisture is additionally withdrawn from the overexpanded air, and additional compression of the overexpanded air downstream of the compressor up to the pressure of the ambient air is performed in an individual plant.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.
FIELD: air conditioning aids.
SUBSTANCE: method of air conditioning is based upon mixing internal and external air, cleaning, heating and moisturizing. Moisturizing and cleaning is performed simultaneously with mixing in twisted flux. Mixing is made in proportion being necessary for achieving required temperature. Method includes cleaning, moisturizing, cooling, drying and heating of air. Before putting thermal parameters in balance the twisted flux is created where cleaning and moisturizing is made; drying is conducted by means of cooling till getting due point. Air conditioning system has fan, mixing chamber, regulating valves, control devices provided with detectors, air cooler, air heater and sprinkling system. Mixing chamber is made in form of cyclone-type mixer and is matched with sprinkling system. Efficiency of heat and mass exchange is improved due to sprinkling air by fluid inside twisted flux together with reduction in aerodynamic resistance of system.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of operation.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: air conditioning.
SUBSTANCE: proposed indirect evaporative air cooling device has housing with tray, pipes for feeding and discharging, general, main, and auxiliary air streams, blowdown and drawing fans, and evaporation head incorporating capillary-porous plates separated by corrugated water-tight partitions. Capillary-porous plates are open on both ends and form so-called wet channels together with corrugated partitions wherein evaporation process cools down entire air stream being forced. Plates are made of permeable magnetic material that has bonding adhesive base and spatially oriented particles of magnetic filler characterized in high heat conductivity, corrosion resistance, and magnetization.
EFFECT: enhanced stability of evaporation head, enlarged cold-productivity range, provision for dispensing with regular washing of porous plates.
1 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: systems for air ventilating and conditioning.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes housing, tray with water and level regulator arranged on tray. In cylindrical housing there is converging insert whose lower edge is arranged higher than lower edge of housing and higher than water level in tray arranged around cylindrical transition branch pipe having diameter less than that of housing but larger than diameter of lower edge of converging insert. Upper edge of transition branch pipe is arranged higher than lower edge of converging insert and it is secured to housing by means of two mutually normal rods in order to form between converging insert and transition branch pipe duct for passing air from room. Lower part of converging insert is embraced by cone shaped gate that may move along converging insert and may be fixed in intermediate and boundary positions, possibly in position for completely closing duct for air passing from room between converging insert and transition branch pipe. Transition branch pipe is joined with outlet diverging branch pipe which is joined with air distributing grid in the form of hemisphere. Second grid also in the form of hemisphere is arranged inside first grid with minimum gap relative to it. Second grid joined through shaft with impeller may rotate around axis of apparatus. Impeller is arranged inside transition branch pipe. All members of apparatus are made of corrosion resistant material.
EFFECT: possibility for controlling air humidifying at outlet of apparatus and for distributing humidified air in room.
FIELD: the invention refers to energy engineering namely to air cooling apparatus applied particularly for cooling of natural gas.
SUBSTANCE: the cooling apparatus has ventilators for feeding of exterior cooling environment predominantly of air into the body of the apparatus and at least two heat exchanging sections with chambers of input and output of cooling gas. Single-passing finned heat exchanging tubes located in the section in rows according to its height and forming a bundle are packed into the tube plates. Each chamber of input and each chamber of output has from two to seven sockets for joining to the collector of input or output of gas which are connected with a gas pipe line. The total square of the transversal section in the light of the group of the heat exchanging tubes of the bundle communicated along the flow of the cooling gas preferably to the nearest to them the feeding socket, exceeds in 1,2-1,7 times the square of the transversal section of this socket in the zone of contiguity of the last to the chamber of input of gas into the heat exchanging section of the apparatus. At that the tubes of the bundle of the section are taken in at condition according to which the ratio of the square of the interior heat exchanging surface of the tubes to the total volume of in-tube space is determined with the coefficient that makes up (98-412) [ m-1].
EFFECT: increases economy of the air cooling apparatus as at manufacturing so as at exploiting due to decreasing metal consumption and labor-consuming at manufacturing and also decreasing of energy consumption at simultaneous increasing of reliability and improving maintainability of the construction.
18 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: the invention refers to energy engineering namely to air cooling apparatus applied particularly for cooling of natural gas.
SUBSTANCE: the gas air cooling apparatus has ventilators for feeding exterior intertubular cooling environment predominantly air , at least two heat exchanging sections with multi-row single-pass bundle of finned tubes in which the tube rows are separated from each other with distancing elements fulfilled in the shape of folded plates interchanging along the length of the plate prominent and concave plots forming supporting sites for the tubes adjacent throughout the height of the bundle of rows. The configuration of the folded distancing element are accepted of the kind that transversal lines of the upper concave plots are located relatively to the flatness passing through corresponding transversal lines of the lower concave plots of the element in high-altitude diapason of values: from exceeding on a value γ1 over the flatness on the part of the thickness Δ of the distancing element making γ1=Δ-A, where A- amplitude of the fold, before location of the lower than mentioned flatness on the value γ2≤0,11d, and the pitch n of the folds along the length of the distancing element makes up n=(1,01-1,75)d where d - a diameter of finning along the exterior contour of the fins of the tubes.
EFFECT: increases stability of the bundle of the tubes of the heat exchanging section of the apparatus, thermal efficiency of the gas air cooling apparatus and also increases rigidity characteristics of the heat exchanging sections of the apparatus working under pressure.
17 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: ventilation; air conditioning.
SUBSTANCE: device can be used in buildings and premises of different purpose for cleaning and drying gas and air and for heat exchange. Device for cleaning and drying gas and air has case, rotor provided with pack of discs fastened onto hollow shaft, which has channel for heat exchange, and inlet and outlet branches. Channel of heat exchange is made in form of a set of heat-exchange pipes, which pass through the whole pack of discs and disposed along their circle at some distance from hollow shaft coaxial to its axis. Heat-exchange pipes communicate with shaft by means of radial located channels to form closed heat-exchange channel. Set of heat-exchange pipes is placed onto discs of rotor. Heat-exchange pipes are fastened to any disc of rotor inside bushings made of heat-conducting material to provide thermal contact, for example, by means of heat-conducting glue.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of heat exchange.
FIELD: the invention refers to technique of ventilation and air conditioning.
SUBSTANCE: arrangement for thermo moist air processing has a sprinkler chamber with a tray for water based in air channel with ventilator, its discriminator is a cross turbine with blades out of hydroscopic material having contact with liquid mirror in the tray. It is located in the sprinkler chamber transversely to the flow on the horizontal shaft. At that segments out of hydroscopic material are located in parallel to the air flow on the blades of the cross turbine at the distance of 10-20 centimeters from each other and the horizontal shaft of turbine has a breaking arrangement for regulating promptness in accordance with the time.
EFFECT: simplification of construction.