Method and device for processing liquid organic substances

 

The invention relates to the field of processing liquid organic substances in the liquid and gaseous fuel, in particular, to technology and technology pyrolytic conversion of hydrocarbon oils. The method consists in applying at the active zone and thermochemical processing of organic matter without oxygen with subsequent condensation products of thermochemical processing to liquid fuels. Thermochemical processing of organic matter is carried out at a temperature of 350...700With by creating a flow of liquid ring plasma jet discharge plasma with a capacity of 0.05 to 0.5 kW·h per 1 kg of processed organic liquid, the substance of the spin in the centrifuge, creating intense turbulent flow and the volume of the rotating flow form an annular jet plasma discharge. The invention allows to increase the speed of processing liquid organic matter and the release of gaseous and liquid fuels from organic matter to 95% and reduce the energy consumption for 1 kg of the obtained gaseous and liquid fuels. 2 S. and 1 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The invention relates to the field of processing of iconverse liquid petroleum products.

The known device that separates the liquid into individual fractions using centrifugal force (centrifuges, separators), for example, the oil separator NS-1 (Bremer, I. Liquid separators. M: motor cycle", 1957), designed for purification of liquid petroleum products from water and mechanical impurities. A significant disadvantage of the known devices is the limited impact on the material being processed, because the separation of the fractions is carried out on the molecular weight of the components entering into its structure, without changing the physical-chemical properties of the secreted fractions.

The known method and device processing of organics-containing liquid substances by thermal cracking, in which the raw material is heated to a temperature of 520-550°C at a pressure of 10 ATM, and then fed through a section of the pickup in a distillation column in which there is a separation of the raw material for gasoline, gasoil and other fractions (William L. Laffer. Oil processing. - M.: ZAO Copenhagen business school press, 2001, S. 98-101).

A disadvantage of the known method and device is a long time process and the high cost of energy for processing units of raw materials. Another disadvantage is the large mass of the cracking residue, which is up to 10% by weight of paposo and device for processing biomass into liquid fuels method of fast pyrolysis (Towards the "Bio-refinery" - Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass RE World 2001. Vol.4.1. P. 67-83).

In this way the crushed organic material is fed into the pyrolysis reactor and heated to a temperature of 450...650°C in a vacuum environment. When this happens thermal destruction of organic matter with the transition of decomposition products in gas-vapor state. Gasified pyrolysis products are cooled in the condenser, separating liquid and gaseous fuels. Installation for processing of organic matter in the liquid and gaseous fuel includes a processing chamber (reactor pyrolysis and condensation unit the main part of the gasified products into liquid fuels. A disadvantage of the known method and device is relatively low heating rate of organic matter to the temperature pyrolytic decomposition (about 1 C), low specific heat of combustion of liquid product, as well as large energy costs of recycling organic matter.

The task of the invention is to increase the speed of processing liquid organic matter and the release of gaseous and liquid fuels from organic matter to 95%, and the reduction of energy consumption per 1 kg of the obtained gaseous and liquid fuels.

Visajourney and liquid fuel by filing in the active zone and thermochemical processing of organic matter without oxygen with subsequent condensation products of thermochemical processing to liquid fuels, thermochemical processing of organic matter is carried out at a temperature of 350...700°C by creating in the fluid flow electric reactive plasma power of 0.05...0.5 kW/h per 1 kg of processed organic liquid.

Also in the method of treatment of liquid organic compounds in gaseous and liquid fuels to increase the speed and completeness of processing liquid organic substances substance spin in a centrifuge, and in the amount of the revolving flow forming an annular jet plasma discharge.

The technical result is also achieved by the fact that the proposed device for processing liquid organic substances in the liquid and gaseous fuel containing feeder, the processing chamber, the device condensation of gaseous fuel in a liquid, in which the processing chamber is made in the form of a narrow channel of electrically insulating material, the walls of which are on opposite sides of the inserted electrodes with a gap between electrodes of 1 cm per 15 kV voltage of the plasma generator, one electrode connected to a high frequency generator, and the other to earth.”

In the device electrodes included in the gap of the single-wire line connecting the two through the circuit is with adjustable electrical load.

Also in the device for processing liquid organic substances in the liquid and gaseous fuel, the processing chamber is made in the form of a centrifuge with a rotor and a hollow axle, one insulated electrode is installed in the hollow axis of the rotor and is connected to a high frequency generator, and the second electrode is connected through the body of the device to ground and to the intake tube that is installed on the rotor and the hollow rotating around the axis.

In the device for processing liquid organic substances in the liquid and gaseous fuel electrodes included in the gap of the single-wire line connecting two of the resonant circuit with a frequency of 0,5...50 kHz, one of which is connected to a generator of high-frequency plasma, and the second loop is adjustable electrical load.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

In Fig.1 shows a General diagram of the device for processing liquid organic substances.

In Fig.2 shows a General diagram of the device for processing liquid organic substances, in which the electrodes included in the gap of the single-wire line.

In Fig.3 presents a diagram of the device, which is a centrifuge with a rotor, a hollow axle and one or Nickolsky generator 3 for excitation of the reactive plasma in the processing chamber, the condensation unit gasified products of processing of organic matter in the liquid fuel 4 and a reservoir for collecting the liquid fuel 5. The processing chamber is made in the form of a narrow channel 6 formed by the wall 7, is made of electrically insulating material. In the wall of the channel on opposite sides of the inserted electrodes 8, 9 with a gap 10 between the electrodes is 1 cm per 15 kV voltage of the plasma generator. One electrode 8 connected to the high frequency plasma generator, and the other electrode 9 is grounded.

The device operates as follows.

The processed liquid organic material through the feeder 1 enters the channel 6 camera processing 2 and passes the gap 10 between the electrodes 8 and 9, isolated from the camera body 5 using the wall 7 made of a dielectric material. In the gap 10 by means of a high-frequency generator is excited by plasma discharge, which occurs thermochemical and electrochemical processes that lead to chemical modification of the components included in the liquid organic substance with the transition of the main mass of the processed products in the gaseous state. Formed under the action of realresults in the liquid fuel, which comes in a container for collecting liquid fuel 5. A small part of the gasified products of processing liquid organic substances, representing the most light fraction, in the form of gas removed from the device for utilization in other devices to generate heat, electricity, etc.

In Fig.2 in the device for processing liquid organic substances electrodes 8, 9 are included in the gap of the single-wire line 11 that connects two of the resonant circuit 12, 13, tuned to the frequency of the plasma generator 0,5...50 kHz. One of the circuits 12 connected to a high frequency generator of electromagnetic energy, and the second circuit 13 is controlled electrical load 14. Single-wire line 11 provides a flow of electromagnetic energy in the processing chamber 2 from a remote source with minimal losses, and adjustable electrical load 14 single-wire line 11 is used to set the desired power-frequency plasma in the gap 10 camera processing in accordance with physico-chemical parameters of the processed liquid organic substances and the required physico-chemical properties of liquid and gaseous products.

In Fig.3 the device submitted is private electrodes 8, mounted in the hollow axis of the rotor and connected to the generator of electromagnetic energy 3 and the receiving cavity. The role of the other electrode comply with the rotor and the hollow rotating around the axis of the intake tube 18 connected via the camera body ground. The device operates as follows: the liquid organic substance using feeder 1 is fed into the processing chamber 2 through the holes 17 in the hollow axis 16 and fills the processing chamber above the electrodes 8, but below the upper ends of the intake tubes 18. Under the action of high-frequency ring plasma discharge excited by a generator of electromagnetic energy 3 between the electrodes 8 and the camera body processing, a chemical modification of the components included in the liquid organic substance with the transition of the main mass of the processed products in the gaseous state. When the rotor 15 with intake tubes creates intense turbulent flow of processed organic liquid in the processing chamber conducive to intensive mixing of the organic liquid and the increase in the speed and completeness of its processing, and formed under the action of reactive plasma gasifcation into the receiving cavity 19, which can simultaneously perform the function of the capacitor.

Claims

1. The method of treatment of liquid organic compounds in gaseous and liquid fuels by filing in the active zone and thermochemical processing of organic matter without oxygen with subsequent condensation products of thermochemical processing to liquid fuels, characterized in that thermo-chemical processing of organic matter is carried out at a temperature of 350...700With by creating a flow of liquid high-frequency ring plasma jet discharge plasma power of 0.05...0.5 kW·h per 1 kg of processed organic liquid, the substance of the spin in the centrifuge, creating intense turbulent flow and the volume of the rotating flow form an annular jet plasma discharge.

2. The device for processing liquid organic substances in gaseous and liquid fuel containing feeder, the processing chamber, the device condensation of gaseous fuel in a liquid, characterized in that the processing chamber is made in the form of a centrifuge with a rotor and a hollow axis, and in the hollow axis of the rotor is in abonnee tube, connected through the plant body to the ground, mounted on the rotor and the hollow rotating around the axis.

3. The device for processing liquid organic substances in the liquid and gaseous fuel under item 2, characterized in that the electrodes included in the gap of the single-wire line connecting two of the resonant circuit with a frequency of 0,5...50 kHz, one of which is connected to a generator of high-frequency plasma, and the second loop is adjustable electrical load.

 

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