A method of processing an oxygen-containing compounds of iron and the production line for its implementation

 

The invention is intended for the chemical industry and can be used to obtain hydrogen and oxygen. The method according to the invention implemented in the production line that contains the following blocks: - transfer of iron oxide in the oxide; B is hydrogen; In - tank; G - obtaining iron oxide, D - refrigeration. Block a includes the accelerator 3 of the electron beam, process table 1, located under it. On the table 1 posted by ceramic trays 5 for transporting powder of iron oxide. The camera 38 is designed for collection and removal of oxygen formed during irradiation of a powder of iron oxide with its transfer to iron oxide, which is collected in the hopper 37. Using the jet pump 14 powder of ferrous iron is transported in the block B includes a reactor 6 to produce hydrogen and hydroxide of iron. The reactor 6 is equipped with a stirrer 12, rotated by means of the actuator 11, the nozzles 7, 13 and 19 for the supply of water, powder and plum, respectively. The reactor 6 is also provided with electrodes 9 and 10, the duct 15 for the selection of hydrogen, the entrance is blocked by a nuclear membrane 20 of palladium. The suction pipe 18 with the pump 17 is used for transportation of the formed hydroxides of iron to further drink stirrers 12. In the block To receive the slip of hydroxides of iron with humidity up to 20%. The block contains the settling tank 21 to a mixer 25, the pipe 24 for selection of distilled water 22, the pump 28 and pipe 27 for discharging the wet slurry 23. Unit G includes a tunnel kiln 31 with the roller 30, is hosting ceramic trays 29. Above the trays 29 are seldovia heaters 32. The hole 40 is designed to output the generated water vapor and oxygen, directed by parosbornoj 35 and steam dispenser 36 to the reactor 6 through the pipe 44 or through the valve-tee 41 and the pipe 46 in the refrigeration unit D. Dehydrated powder discharged into the receiving hopper 33 through the outlet of the furnace with the flap 42. Space 43 for discharging the dehydrated powder of iron oxide associated with the conveyor 2 by means of the conveying means 45. Vaporous mixture of water and oxygen in the D-block, is condensed and cooled. The oxygen away through the pipe 47, the distilled water through the pipe 48. All of the above units can be mounted on a stationary platform in two lines or in the truck. For saving all the blocks except the cooling block D, is located inside the housing 49. The invention allows for the 3 C.p. f-crystals, 8 ill.

The invention relates to the processing of oxygen-containing compounds of iron for experimental and industrial production of hydrogen, oxygen, or both separately.

This raises two important industrial and economic problems:

1) how to most effectively use the law of transition of iron from a state with a higher valence state to a lower valence,

2) as with the least amount of energy and time to get in the zone of greatest reaction, the desired weight of iron with a lower valency.

The known method of using an oxygen-containing compounds of iron and other metals for experimental or industrial hydrogen production, including the displacement of hydrogen from chemical compounds that reacts with iron and other metals, such as molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, cobalt, Nickel, etc. (1).

The disadvantages of this method are:

- large financial costs associated with the use of expensive metals such as molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, cobalt, Nickel, etc.;

is a complex process that requires significant energy costs.

The above-mentioned shortcomings deprived This method involves the use of a powder of iron oxide, the processing of a concentrated beam of accelerated electrons with energonapryazhennosti not less than 1 W/g for a time sufficient for internal heating of the entire volume of the initial phase with the formation of high-purity reactive solid products oxygen compounds other phase composition of oxide of iron with the release of atomic oxygen.

Here is much more efficiently used the law changes the valency of iron, because, first, the excluded compounds of hydrogen with the highest number of hydroxyl groups, and instead use water - the cheapest, the most common on the earth's surface, environmentally friendly component; secondly, excluded complicated and expensive catalysts based on cobalt, titanium, Nickel, etc. and used the iron oxide - mass and relatively cheap connection. Besides, not spent in the method prototype.

The only disadvantage of this method is that it has experimentally exploratory in nature and only for transfer of iron with a higher valency down. And the resulting iron oxide is the main reagent for potential hydrogen production here is not used.

To eliminate this disadvantage - C the hydrogen production in a single process.

This goal is achieved in a method for processing an oxygen-containing compounds of iron, comprising a powder of oxygen-containing compounds of iron concentrated beam of accelerated electrons with energonapryazhennosti not less than 1 W/g for a time sufficient for internal heating of the entire volume of the powder with the formation of high-purity reactive solid oxygenated compounds other phase composition.

The main feature of the patented method is that:

as oxygen-containing compounds of iron using iron oxide;

the iron oxide is crushed to handle a concentrated beam of electrons;

- selected atomic oxygen from the treatment area of the powder;

- as a solid oxygen-containing compounds other phase composition receive iron oxide;

- iron oxide treated with water to produce hydrogen H and iron hydroxide [Fe(OH)2] and [Fe(OH)3];

- taken from the reaction zone, the hydrogen H;

- suspension of hydroxides of iron removed and sent to block the sump;

where to receive the slurry with a moisture content of 20%;

the slurry is dewatered to obtain a dry powder of iron oxide;

dry powder is egovernance operations reflected in the first claim.

The following paragraphs contain features that intensify the process of obtaining hydrogen and oxygen.

For that purpose a powder of iron oxide ground to Sy=1,2...1.4 m2/g with Tonino grinding particles...10,0 1,0 μm, which is the subject of the second clause of the formula. Experiments show that when S less than 1.2 m2/g communication deteriorates. When S above 1.4 m2/g is the aggregation of the particles, their recombination between a and the contact with water is also deteriorating.

In the following paragraph is proposed treatment by electron beam lead at temperatures below the Curie point, for trivalent iron status is not lower than 753C. At this temperature and above (up to 800(C) trivalent iron, such as Fe2About3transforms into amorphous state, loses its magnetic properties and crystal structure. At the same time the molecule oxide gives the oxygen and the iron atom loses its two valence electrons, resulting converted to iron oxide in an unstable, excited and chemically very active. This is sort of a “chemical hammer that can break down many types of molecules, including molecules of the water - main is for the water produced in the reactor with agitation of the water. Mixing provides better contacting of the elements of organized chemical reactions: ions of ferrous iron, oxygen anions, water molecules and free electrons.

To further improve the contact of the above elements of the proposed fifth claim: mixing water and powder of the oxide of iron is carried out by tangential feed powder and counter the direction of rotation of the blades of the agitator.

Sixth claim: the water in the reactor electrify with electrodes connected to the current source of constant voltage. This improvement is even more improves the achievement of the main goal of increasing the activation process and reducing the cost of energy and time, namely:

- contributes to the neutralization of hydrogen ions by transferring them into a molecular state;

- activates the splitting of water molecules to the cation hydrogen and anion-hydrated residue (HE);

when HE hit anion under electric impact blades-anodes hydrated residue gives excessive electrons in the recovered water molecule with oxygen, which reacts with oxide of iron, while iron in the trivalent state - of the but with a ratio of 9 kg of ferrous iron 3...5 l of water. This ratio is necessary for the most efficient use of the initial portions of the substrate loaded in each process cycle, and the ratio of the portions is determined by the known tachometer calculation formula of iron oxide, iron oxide and water (3).

Then the hydrogen from the reaction zone are selected with high blood pressure and sent to storage capacity, which is reflected in the eighth item of the claim.

The slip before transporting the dewatered mechanically stirred. Dehydration of the slurry produced in a tunnel kiln with a heater to a temperature higher than the evaporation temperature of water.

These finishing operations of the technological cycle is reflected in the last paragraphs of the formula in the ninth and tenth.

The above method explain the accompanying diagram, where

Fig.1 - block a, which is the basis of the entire production line and used for industrial production of ferrous iron;

Fig.2 - production line of block a and block B for the industrial production of hydrogen, atomic oxygen and iron hydroxide;

Fig.3 - the production line of the blocks a, B and C - for the industrial production of hydrogen, atomic oxygen, hydroxide of iron and slip in the form of malcode the manufacturing line of the blocks And, B, C and D for the industrial production of hydrogen, atomic oxygen, iron hydroxide, dehydrated powder of iron oxide, molecular oxygen and distilled water;

Fig.5 is a circuit electrically connected to the production line, where the dry powder of iron oxide from the block G is fed to the input of block a;

Fig.6 is a block diagram of a production line with the entered block D;

Fig.7 diagram of the refrigeration unit;

Fig.8 is a General diagram of the production line;

where a block transfer of iron oxide in the iron oxide;

B - block hydrogen;

In - unit-clarifier;

G - unit get iron oxide;

Dr. refrigeration unit.

The essence of the patented method is that it is cyclical and each cycle consists of three stages: the first stage receive iron oxide and oxygen, the second stage receives the hydrogen, and the third stage of recovery. After this three-step process is repeated for the second time, the third, and so on,

The first step is the receipt of ferrous iron.

On the technological table 1 for mechanized line 2 serves of iron oxide (Fe2About3). Above the table 1 is mounted source 3 concentrated beam 4 electrons. Energyproject this beam is not less than 1 W/g for a time sufficient to vote given the impact beam 4 electrons per serving powder of iron oxide the latter turns into a bivalent phase - reactive and transient state, i.e., the reaction occurs:

Fe2O3+(electron beam)2FeO+About+2E

Iron from neutralstate transitions to the excited cation(Fe2O3), which is motivated to neutralization by adding the missing negative charge of the anion “On”.

At the transition of iron in a new phase of iron oxide (Fe2O3) iron oxide (FeO) excess oxygen is released from the scope of the radiation beam 4 in the environment in the form of anion “On”.

This is the first useful products of the technological process, while iron oxide is used for subsequent manufacturing operations, and atomic oxygen can be extracted and used, for example, in the production of synthetic materials.

At the first stage for the best reaction between particles of iron oxide with water to prepare these particles with a specific surface area S=1.2-1.4 m2/, When S less than 1.2 m2/g communication deteriorates. When S above 1.4 m2/g is the aggregation of the particles, their recombination between a and the contact with water is also deteriorating.

Powder is učka 4 use electronic accelerators capacity from 16 up to 40 kW.

The thickness of the layer portions of the powder of iron oxide to 10 mm, and a weight portion - 100-300, Irradiation for 2-3 sec at a temperature of 700-850C.

The second stage is the production of hydrogen.

The core of this stage is the reactor 6, is made of a dielectric material, for example plastic. In the reactor 6 through line 7 pouring water 8 in a quantity sufficient to obtain 1 m3gaseous hydrogen, about 3-5 litres (reserve). To the electrodes 9 and 10 connect the DC voltage which is determined empirically to obtain reasonable for the active reaction the number of electrons. After that, include a motor 11 for rotating the stirrer 12. The pipe 13 by a pump 14 (Fig.2) serves heated powder of ferrous iron in the reactor 6. To activate the reaction of the above powder serves tangentially to the inner surface of the reactor 6 and towards the circular motion of water in the reactor. The reaction occurs between the oxide of iron, water and electrons with formation of H+, HE-, Fe(OH)2, Fe(OH)3. Of these reaction products hydrogen (H), neutralizes due to electrons coming out from the reactor 6 through the duct 15. To accelerate the release of hydrogen from the reactor applied to the fan 16. Post the threads), or the means for its practical use, for example for obtaining hydrocarbons, charging hydroaccumulators drives.

Following the reaction product (HE), i.e., hydroxide, contacting the anode 10, gives the excess electron and turns into water molecules and oxygen. And this oxygen reacts with the iron oxide and translates it into iron oxide. The rest of the above reaction products precipitate in the form of slurry (mixture of water with particles of oxide and oxide of iron). This suspension using a pump 17 is withdrawn from the reactor 6 via the pipeline 18. For washing the container of the reactor using a cleaning liquid such as water is supplied through pipe 7. The pipe 19 is removed and the washing liquid (water). To prevent exit of the reactor 6 oxygen at the inlet of the pipeline 15 in front of the fan 16 is an atomic sieve 20, for example palladium membrane and/or the annular cathode.

Supplied through the pipe 13, the powder of the oxide of iron heated in the first stage, up to 800With and therefore transfers heat into the water 8, which speeds up the reaction.

Stage chemical-physical recovery dehydrated iron oxide.

At this stage there are two processes: the recovery in the third cycle, and so on; secondly, to obtain another useful product: a mixture of hot water vapor (100-300(C) with gaseous oxygen.

The third stage begins with the feed pipe 18 of the suspension. In the sump 21 (block b) suspension is divided: the top layer 22 of the water, and the bottom layer 23 discouraging powder (slip), composed mostly of iron oxide and smaller parts of ferrous iron. After this separation stand (clarified) water is removed by pipe 24, for example, using a vacuum pump. Settled slurry 23 is stirred with a blade stirrer 25 with the motor 26 on the outer end of the shaft. This operation is necessary to give a layer of the slurry homogeneous condition improves its further transportation by pipeline 27 by a pump 28. Here, the slurry has a moisture content of 20%, and this mixture is fed to the final dehydration. Above the mass of the load in the bowl-pallets 29, made for example of ceramic, and the roller 30 send in a tunnel furnace 31. Seldovia heaters 32 create inside the furnace temperature above the evaporation temperature of water. Under these conditions, a chemical recovery dehydrated iron oxide, cataracte. Of nitrous oxide iron stands out water and atomic oxygen. These two components in the form of water vapor and oxygen is removed from the oven 31 by means of the fan 34 and the steam dispenser 35. This next useful product can be used for different purposes:

for saturation of water 8 in the reactor 6 oxygen and accelerate the translation reaction of ferrous iron in iron oxide;

- vaporous water (100-300C) heats the components of the above-mentioned reaction and further stimulates this chemical reaction;

this same water vapor admitted into the reactor 6, partially reduces the need for external water through the pipe 36 or completely eliminates its filing;

with big production of the same product (water vapor 100-300(C) may be used for district heating steam, and in that the carrier has no salt component deposits on the walls of the tubes during condensation of steam;

- this hot gas mixture is the best reagent in all possible pilot oxidative reactions requiring oxidant and/or heating;

- cooling of this gas mixture obtained additional heat and demineralized (distilled) water DLY or molecular oxygen, they also have a wide range of applications.

Production line for implementation of the method described above.

A device for processing an oxygen-containing compounds of iron, Nickel, cobalt, etc. containing the production table and mounted the accelerator electron beam - “EC-16“ [2].

This device is a laboratory installation, created in the Institute of nuclear physics, Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which carry out the conversion of iron oxide to iron oxide by irradiating and heating the layer of oxide concentrated beam of accelerated electrons. After the subsequent heating and exposure to the atmosphere laboratory oxygen is liberated, and on the production table after the processing of a new chemical product is iron oxide. Known for the development of production lines for industrial hydrogen production made in the USA, at least at the stage of a patent [3]. In this solution there have been significant changes in national Institute of fossil fuels [1]. This advanced production line is taken as a prototype.

The line includes a block transfer of a powder of iron oxide in zakiseliti in the oxide. In this processing chain is implemented the principle of producing hydrogen by high-temperature decomposition of water in pseudocyesis layer.

All the known methods and devices for hydrogen production have in common and significant disadvantage: the energy costs of obtaining 1 m3hydrogen close to the amount of energy that can be obtained from the 1 m3hydrogen used as fuel.

This same lack contains and is used as a prototype production line. Here in pseudocyesis layer serves the iron oxide in the cold and heat it up to 1100With and to spend on it is about 510 kJ/kg to maintain in the reactor specified high temperature, it is necessary to constantly apply superheated steam, which is necessary to heat the water to 100With, translate it into steam, to heat the steam from 100 to 1100C. thus, the total energy consumption is equal 7230 kJ/kg, and the potential energy of the hydrogen produced is equal 10700 kJ/kg, i.e. the potential energy only 33% larger than the actual energy consumption. But this gain of energy will be fully or substantially reduced, while the potential energy of the hydrogen will turn into real helpful in the but should be a very powerful source of superheated steam (1100-1200C). And this superheated steam after the reactor should be thrown into the atmosphere or near to construct any works for the secondary use of this mass of steam.

Finally, the above production line can not work on its own vicious cycle, because the reactor is formed pellets to the desired grinding which requires a special mill. This is another kind of energy - 1400 kJ/kg And at a full count of all the necessary costs may be that the energy of the hydrogen produced will be equal to the invested energy.

The purpose of patent production line is to eliminate the above disadvantages, namely: to minimize all the energy used to obtain 1 m3of hydrogen. The second main goal is to increase line capacity. And the third goal is to increase the range of products.

This comprehensive goal is implemented in a patented production line for processing an oxygen-containing compounds of iron, containing a block of translation powder of iron oxide in the oxide, the unit for producing hydrogen and oxide of iron, and means for feeding iron oxide in the block transfer of the powder of iron oxide in the oxide.

The first significant difference of this production under this beam production table posted on the transport of powder of iron oxide, the production table during transport mounted hopper for collecting the resulting powder of ferrous iron and the transport of the powder for further use, and to convert the above block receiving oxygen radiation area and production table placed inside the chamber of the collection and removal of oxygen. This is the subject of the eleventh claim.

Here the basic design features that make it possible to give the unit two functions: preparation of ferrous iron and oxygen. While preparation of ferrous iron is a key process for the entire production line.

The combination of traits listed in the eleventh paragraph, in principle, provides a solution to the above complex goal - reducing energy consumption, improving performance and increasing range of products. This first unit produces iron oxide, which is the raw material for the entire production line and independent product used in many industries and laboratories. The inputs 1 to 3, i.e., each unit of energy used to produce three times pays the energy obtained from the use the ka proposed to equip the transport of powder, made in the form of rollers, placed on the level of the production table in front of the entrance to the chamber of collection and removal of oxygen and designed to accommodate pallets of heat resistant material, for example ceramics. This is reflected in the twelfth item of the claim.

To further improve the performance of this unit it is proposed to equip the transport of the obtained powder of ferrous iron. It is the jet pump above the suction hole which is placed a hopper, top opening which is adopted for the powder obtained oxide of iron, and the bottom hole of the boot for a pump. This is the subject of the thirteenth claim.

To speed up the unloading ceramic pallets powder, offered the top opening of the hopper to cut vibrometra.

The following improvements are also designed to improve performance by matching the rhythm of the devices included in the block transfer of iron oxide in the oxide and the transport of the obtained powder of ferrous iron, which they equipped with a control system roller conveyor, the electron accelerator and the jet pump.

The above constructive izmantojot signs, which gives the line a new technical effect: industrial basic product. This is the fact that included in the line unit of hydrogen, the main part of which is the reactor for conversion of ferrous iron in iron hydroxide, inside of which is mounted for rotation from the drive frame and casing pipes for water carts, powder of ferrous iron, cleaning and washing of the reactor, and diametrically spaced holes through which hermetically skipped electrodes, the lid of the reactor is equipped with a duct with a fan for the selection of generated hydrogen, and the entrance to the duct is blocked by atomic membrane, for example, of palladium, and in the bottom of the reactor is mounted the mechanism for unloading of hydroxides of iron and transportation for further processing.

To improve the performance of the second unit by activating a chemical reaction tube for supplying a powder of ferrous iron are tangentially to the inner surface of the reactor and the stirrer mounted for rotation in the opposite direction.

The purpose of the following improvements - improved performance and reduced power consumption when no chemical is to the sump, located between the hydrogen and the power receiving iron oxide, within a block tank mounted for rotation from the drive stirrer, the upper part of the pipe connected to the unloading mechanism of the obtained hydroxide and transportation All included in the eighteenth claim.

The final stage of the technological cycle requires the inclusion of in-line unit for production of iron oxide, the main part of which is a tunnel furnace with roller inside hosting ceramic trays to slip, and above them - the heaters, for example seldovia, in the upper arch of the furnace made the hole for the exit of water vapor and oxygen, communicated with the inlet of the fan, the output of which is parosbornoj, transforming into a steam dispenser, with pallets communicated through pipe line unloading and pumping the slurry, and in the course of movement of these pallets are made heater inlet valve and for discharging the obtained powder dehydrated iron oxide. His condition is such that he without any additional operations and energy consumption can be used in the next process cycle.

To ensure that n is in the oxide must be looping line: a platform for discharging the dehydrated powder of iron oxide to communicate with roller, in front of the entrance to the chamber for collection and removal of oxygen. This is a significant improvement of the patented twenty-first claim.

The following improvements are also aimed at the implementation of end-to-end integrated objectives: increase the range of the produced product, increase productivity and reduce energy consumption. To do this in a production line included the refrigeration unit, the working volume which communicates with the steam dispenser unit receiving iron oxide, while in the upper part of the housing of the refrigeration unit is hermetically installed pipe for removal of oxygen, and in the lower part of the pipe to drain distilled water. Thus, distilled water and pure oxygen are two very valuable industrial product.

Later in the twenty-third paragraph proposed the first version of the Assembly line. The above units are mounted on a stationary platform in two lines.

In the following paragraph, another option units to be mounted on a transportable platform, for example in the truck. The above units are operated at high temperatures. To this end, the blocks form a closed circuit and is placed within the volume created thin is in winter no doubt.

The example design

Patented production line can be used for processing an oxygen-containing compounds of iron and developed it until the preliminary design phase.

This particular production line contains the block And transfer of iron oxide in the oxide, which includes the transfer of iron oxide in the iron oxide.

Then the course of the process is the block B is hydrogen, which are interconnected block In which the sump.

Completes production line block G, which ends with the complete chemical reduction of iron oxide in the form of a dehydrated powder.

Block a, i.e., the block transfer of iron oxide in the oxide, includes accelerator 3 of the electron beam and located under the beam technological table 1 posted ceramic 5 pallets for transporting servings of the powder of iron oxide. The space between the exit of the electron beam and the production table forms a working area, which is enclosed in the housing, which chamber 38 for collection and removal of oxygen.

Technological table 1 during transport mounted hopper 37 for collecting the resulting powder concentrate is ω transportation is the jet pump 14 or other means of transporting powder.

Download production line iron oxide - raw material for the production of ferrous iron using transport powder, made in the form of the roller conveyor 2, is hosted on the level of technology table 1 before entering the chamber 38 of the collection and removal of oxygen.

Means of transportation of the unit And irradiated powder is the jet pump 14, over the intake hole which is placed a hopper 37, the upper opening of which is adopted for powder, and the bottom hole of the boot for a pump. The top opening of the hopper is blocked by vibrometra 39.

The block And provided with a control system ( not shown), which synchronizes the operation of the conveyor 2, the electron accelerator 3 and the jet pump 14. Block And can be used in several assignments: in conjunction with the block B, in combination with the block B and block b In combination with three subsequent blocks, in combination with the whole production line.

And in all these cases the block And is an important part of obtaining ferrous iron and oxygen, which can be used as stand-alone products in various technological processes.

This iron oxide is very effectively used and patented production is ESD a part of this second block is the reactor 6 for hydrogen production and translation of ferrous iron in the oxide. Inside the reactor is installed with the possibility of rotation of the actuator 11, the mixer 12.

In the reactor vessel 6 provided with a branch pipe 7 for supplying water, a pipe 13 for supplying powder and the drain pipe 19 (Fig.2) for cleaning and rinsing of the reactor 6. In the same reactor vessel 6 are diametrically located holes through which hermetically missed the electrodes 9 and 10, the cover of the reactor is equipped with a duct 15 for the selection of hydrogen, running the fan 16, and the entrance to the duct 15 is overlapped atomic membrane 20, for example of palladium. In the bottom of the reactor 6 is mounted the mechanism for unloading the suspension of hydroxides of iron and transport it for further processing, including the suction pipe 18, the pump 17.

To activate the chemical reaction above the outlet 13 of the feed powder of ferrous iron are tangentially to the inner surface of the reactor and forward rotation of the blades of the agitator.

After unloading the suspension of hydroxides of iron from block B by means of the pump 17 and pipe 18 to block the sump begins In preparation for the next production cycle. For this purpose, the block 21 is mounted for rotation from the actuator 26 and the mixer 25, the pipe 24 selection settled woldgate to the next production cycle in the production line included a unit for production of iron oxide (block G), the main part of which is a tunnel furnace 31 with the roller 30 within hosting ceramic trays 29, and over them is placed the heaters 32, for example seldovia. In the upper arch of the furnace 31 is made a hole 40 for the exit of water vapor and oxygen provided to the input of the fan 34. At the outlet port of the fan is parosbornoj 35, transforming into a steam dispenser 36 that directs water vapor with oxygen in the reactor 6 or through the valve-tee 41 in block D (refrigerator). Discharge system and pumping settled mass is supplied by a pipe 27 to the filing of this mass in the above-mentioned ceramic trays 29, in the course of movement which made the outlet of the furnace with the flap 42 and 43 for discharging the dehydrated powder of iron oxide into a hopper 33, which is the prepared raw material for production of nitrous.

Significantly reduce heat loss, reduce energy costs and enhance the chemical reaction production line has the reverse process communication through pipe 44 transport of water vapor and oxygen, hermetically passing through the upper part of the reactor vessel.

To patentable production line for sportswomen means 45 with roller 2, located at the beginning of the production line.

To increase the range of product production line augmented cooling block (block D in Fig.7), the displacement of which block G technologically connected through a steam dispenser 46 (Fig.8). Through it in the refrigerator comes in a vaporous mixture of water and oxygen, and after cooling and condensation through the pipe 47 divert oxygen is another industrial product, and through pipe 48 divert distilled water.

In another embodiment, the production line all of the above blocks are mounted on a stationary platform in two lines (Fig.6 and 8) It makes the line more compact and shorter cross-cutting lines.

The following is a more effective option: the blocks are mounted on a transportable platform, for example in the truck.

To further save energy forming a looped cycle blocks (Fig.6 and 8) is located inside the housing 49 of insulating material, and a refrigerating unit D placed outside. This saves electricity for the fridge due to the colder outside air in the summer and due to frost in winter.

Sources of information

1. Application SU # 35167center; margin-top:2mm;">Claims

1. A method of processing an oxygen-containing compounds of iron, comprising a powder of oxygen-containing compounds of iron concentrated beam of accelerated electrons with energonapryazhennosti not less than 1 W/g for a time sufficient for internal heating of the entire volume of the powder with the formation of high-purity reactive solid oxygenated compounds other phase composition, characterized in that as an oxygen-containing compounds of iron using iron oxide, grind it to handle a concentrated beam of electrons and selected atomic oxygen from the treatment area of the powder as a solid oxygen-containing compounds other phase composition, receive iron oxide, which is then treated with water to produce hydrogen and hydroxide of iron, and the resulting hydrogen is withdrawn from the reaction zone, and obtained a suspension of hydroxides of iron removed and sent to block the sump, which will receive a slip with moisture content of 20%, followed by dehydration to obtain a dry powder of iron oxide, which is sent for processing a concentrated beam of electrons.

2. Ways to 10.0 microns.

3. The method according to any of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that the processing of a concentrated beam of electrons is carried out at a temperature below the Curie point for trivalent iron status is not lower than 753C.

4. The method according to any of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the processing of ferrous iron in the water produced in the reactor with stirring.

5. The method according to any of paragraphs.1-4, characterized in that the mixing water and powder of the oxide of iron is carried out by tangential feed powder and counter the direction of rotation of the blades of the agitator.

6. The method according to p. 5, characterized in that the water in the reactor electrify with electrodes connected to the current source of constant voltage.

7. The method according to p. 6, characterized in that the processing of ferrous iron water produced in the batch reactor at a ratio of 9 kg of ferrous iron 3...5 l of water.

8. The method according to p. 1 or 7, characterized in that the hydrogen from the reaction zone are selected with high blood pressure and sent to storage capacity.

9. The method according to any of paragraphs.1-8, characterized in that the slip before transporting the dewatered mechanically stirred.

10. The method according to any of paragraphs.1-9, characterized in that the dehydration of the slurry produced in tovena line for processing an oxygen-containing compounds of iron, containing block translation of a powder of iron oxide in the oxide, the unit for producing hydrogen and oxide of iron, and means for feeding iron oxide in the block transfer of the powder of iron oxide in the oxide, characterized in that the hydrogen is made separately from the power receiving iron oxide, block translation of a powder of iron oxide in the oxide is adapted to receive oxygen and includes the accelerator electron beam and located below the production table posted on the transport portion of the powder, while the space between the exit of the electron beam and the production table is enclosed in the housing, which chamber for the collection and removal of oxygen, and the production table during transportation posted by the transport of the obtained powder of ferrous iron in the block hydrogen, provided with a hopper for collection of this powder.

12. Production line on p. 11, characterized in that the means for feeding iron oxide in the block transfer of the powder of iron oxide in the oxide is made in the form of a roller placed at the level of the production table in front of the entrance to the chamber for collection and removal of oxygen and designed to accommodate pallets of powder, issue the tives such as those the transport of the obtained powder of ferrous iron includes the jet pump above the suction hole which is placed a hopper, top opening which is adopted for the powder obtained oxide of iron, and the lower boot for a pump.

14. Production line under item 13, wherein the top opening of the hopper is blocked by vibrometra.

15. Production line according to any one of paragraphs.11-14, characterized in that the heat transfer iron oxide in the oxide and the transport of the obtained powder is supplied by a control system of the conveyor, the electron accelerator and the jet pump.

16. Production line according to any one of paragraphs.11-15, characterized in that the hydrogen is made in the form of reactor for conversion of ferrous iron in iron hydroxide, inside of which is mounted for rotation from the drive frame and casing pipes for water supply, powder of ferrous iron, cleaning and washing of the reactor, and diametrically spaced holes through which hermetically skipped electrodes, the lid of the reactor is equipped with a duct with a fan for the selection of generated hydrogen, and the entrance to the duct is blocked by atomic membrane is transportirovki for further processing.

17. Production line under item 16, characterized in that the nozzle for supplying a powder of ferrous iron are tangentially to the inner surface of the reactor and the stirrer mounted for rotation in the opposite direction.

18. Production line according to any one of paragraphs.11-17, characterized in that it is further provided with a block sump located between the hydrogen and the power receiving iron oxide, within a block tank mounted for rotation from the drive stirrer, the upper part of the pipe connected to the unloading mechanism of the obtained hydroxide and transportation.

19. Production line under item 18, characterized in that the unit is receiving iron oxide includes a tunnel furnace with roller inside hosting ceramic trays to slip, and above it - heaters, for example, seldovia, in the upper arch of the furnace made the hole, the output of which is parosbornoj, transforming into a steam dispenser, with pallets communicated through pipe line unloading and pumping the slurry, and in the course of movement of these pallets are made heater inlet valve and for discharging the obtained powder house for the transport of water vapor and oxygen in the pipe receiving pair, located in the upper part of the reactor for conversion of ferrous iron in iron hydroxide, and the pipeline is connected to the steam dispenser unit receiving iron oxide.

21. Production line according to any one of paragraphs.11-20, characterized in that the space for discharging the obtained powder of iron oxide communicated with roller in front of the entrance to the chamber for collection and removal of oxygen.

22. Production line according to any one of paragraphs.11-21, characterized in that it further comprises a refrigeration unit, the working volume which communicates with the steam dispenser unit receiving iron oxide, and in the upper part of the housing of the refrigeration unit is hermetically installed pipe for removal of oxygen, and in the lower part of the pipe to drain distilled water.

23. Production line according to any one of paragraphs.11-22, characterized in that the above-mentioned blocks are mounted on a stationary platform in two lines.

24. Production line on p. 23, characterized in that the blocks are mounted on a transportable platform, for example, in the truck.

25. Production line for PP.22 and 23, characterized in that the blocks form a closed circuit and is placed within the volume created subtly the

 

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