Quick-detachable connection of the working body of the truck
The invention relates to earth-moving machines, namely the quick-release connection of the working body with the nodes of the basic machine. Quick-detachable connection of the working body of the truck includes fixed on the rear side of the working body of lugs mounted on the loader boom support plate located therein perpendicular to the longitudinal plane of the boom two pairs of upper locking devices and lower locking devices, the latter of which are mounted on the cross slide cylinder double acting with two rods, each of which output end is connected with the locking finger for engagement with the lugs of the caliper and hinged to the arm of the working body. The outlet end of each rod with locking fingers is made by means of a ball joint. The body of the cylinder in the middle part has a trunnion mounted in the slots of the supports placed on the cross slide. Simplifies the design and improves reliability. 8 Il. The invention relates to earth-moving machines, namely the quick-release connection of the working body with the nodes of the basic machine.Known quick suedtiroler on the loader boom support plate located therein perpendicular to the longitudinal plane of the boom two pairs of upper locking devices and lower locking devices with hydraulic cylinder double acting with two rods, each output end connected with the locking finger for engagement with the lugs of the caliper and hinged boom working body .This technical solution according to its technical essence and the achieved result is the closest to the proposal of the applicant and, therefore, adopted for the prototype.The disadvantages of the prototype is the following.Application for fiksiruemykh finger guides glasses that require high purity and precision, provided with flanges, as well as the use of springs and cushioning inserts for mounting hydrocylinders greatly complicates and increases the cost of construction.In addition, the use of compounds of the locking finger with the rod, by means of a pin sphere and bushings, providing increased gaps, causes increased wear of the connection due to frequent fluctuations of the working body during operation of the truck, resulting in the lowering of reliability.Therefore the problem to be solved in the proposal of the applicant, is to simplify the design while enhancing reliability.The solution of the stated problem is achieved by the fact that in a quick-detachable connection of the working body of the truck, including fixed on the back speculare longitudinal plane of the boom two pairs of upper locking devices and lower locking devices, the latter of which are mounted on the cross slide cylinder double acting with two rods, each of which output end is connected with the locking finger for engagement with the lugs of the caliper and hinged to the arm of the working body, the outlet end of each rod with locking fingers is made by means of a ball joint, and the body of the cylinder in the middle part has a trunnion mounted in the slots of the supports placed on the cross slide.In Fig.1 shows the working body of the truck in the form of a bucket in the initial stage of connection with the caliper of Fig.2 - the same, in the final stage of the connection to the caliper of Fig.3 - view page a in Fig.2; Fig.4 is a section along B-B in Fig.3; Fig.5 - section In Fig.3; Fig.6 - section G-G in Fig.2 when inverted the stem of the cylinder; Fig.7 - the same, when extended rod of the hydraulic cylinder; Fig.8 - section d-D in Fig.6.Quick-detachable connection of the working bodies of the truck consists of mounted on the boom 1 caliper 2, which has two pairs of upper 3 and lower 4 locking devices. The lower locking device 4 consists of a cylinder 5 double action with two identical rods 6. With the output end 7 of each rod 6 spherical grooves of the supports 11, placed on the cross member 12 of the caliper 2.The upper locking device consists of fingers 13, mounted in the cheeks 14 of the caliper 2. In the shut-off devices are also mounted on the rear side of the working body of the upper eye hook type 15 and the lower cylindrical lugs 16 that are located coaxially at work body 17 and the support plate 2.Operates quick-detachable connection of the working body of the truck is as follows.Forklift arrow 1 caliper 2 is suitable to the operating body 17 and the boom 1 enters the upper fingers of the caliper 2 in hook lugs 15 of the working body 17 (Fig.1). Then, rotate the caliper relative to the lugs 15, combine overste 16 in the caliper and the working body (Fig.2) and, pushing the rod 6 of the hydraulic cylinder 5, enter the locking pins 9 in the lugs 16. Thus, it is an articulation clamp connections working body of the arrow.Compared with the prototype of the connection rod of the hydraulic cylinder with locking finger and installation of the hydraulic cylinder is made simpler in comparison with the prototype (no springs, glasses, flanges, cushioning elements) and more reliable (no connections with larger gaps).The combination of the ball is the construction and increases the reliability of the quick connector.Sources of information The United Kingdom Patent No. 2308839, E 02 F 3/36, 1997.
ClaimsQuick-detachable connection of the working body of the truck, including fixed on the rear side of the working body of lugs mounted on the loader boom support plate located therein perpendicular to the longitudinal plane of the boom two pairs of upper locking devices and lower locking devices, the latter of which are mounted on the cross slide cylinder double acting with two rods, each of which output end is connected with the locking finger for engagement with the lugs of the caliper and hinged to the arm of the working body, characterized in that the outlet end of each rod with locking fingers is made by means of a ball joint, and the body of the cylinder in the middle part has a trunnion, installed in the slots of the supports placed on the crossbar of the caliper.
FIELD: building, particularly devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises vibratory plate fastened to frame by means of suspension cables and hydraulic cylinder. Frame is secured to backhoe shovel handle and may be turned with respect to the handle through +/-20 angle. Frame may be used as spreader by means of iron sheets secured to side surfaces thereof and by means of ribs formed in frame corners usage. The frame may have rests for vibratory plate fixation in upper position.
EFFECT: simplified soil compaction in trench and other difficult-to-access areas.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agriculture and mining industry, in particular, loading equipment for farm tractors.
SUBSTANCE: loader is designed for farm tractors furnished with standard hydraulically controlled, parallel lifting levers 1, 2 pivotally mounted on tractor rear part and equipped with central connection device 3 in tractor between two lifting levers. Loader has two parallel levers 5, 6 for connection to respective levers 1, 2 so as to extend rearward, generally in longitudinal direction of axes of lifting levers 1, 2. Central tie-rod 7, which may be hydraulically extended during operation, protrudes to the outside from central connection device 3, in parallel with lifting levers. Levers 5, 6 and outer end of central tie-rod 7 are adapted for connection to working tool or device 12.
EFFECT: increased efficiency owing to enabling fast mounting of working equipment onto tractor, and reduced production costs.
8 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of machines intended for performance of earth and loading works, namely to machines such as single-bucket hydraulic diggers. Bearer frame of loader-digger working equipment comprises longitudinal beams with elements of bearer frame fixation on tractor, cross beams that are rigidly connected to longitudinal beams, bracket installed on upper bases of longitudinal beams with lugs that have openings in bushings for installation of rotary column of excavator equipment and hydraulic cylinders of its rotation, and brackets for installation of outriggers and hydraulic reservoir. Bracket is arranged from two vertical sides installed at the angle to each other, between which lugs are installed. Base of the lower lug is located on the same vertical level with lower edges of sides and is rigidly connected to upper bases of longitudinal beams, and also by means of two ribs with side surface of cross beam. Upper and middle lug are connected with rib, which is rigidly fixed to lower plane of upper lug and its bushing, and on the other side - with upper plane of middle lug in zone of openings for hydraulic cylinders of column rotation, at that bent sheet stands are connected to external sides of longitudinal beams, and these stands are also connected to sides of bracket, creating rigid space structure.
EFFECT: simplification of design and technology of loader-digger bearer frame manufacturing technology, reduction of nomenclature of roller stock rigging used in bearer frame design.
SUBSTANCE: snap-change device for fixation and forced leading, with automatic connection of tools with force closure to bearing implements and excavators includes one part of snap-change device, for instance fixture, where aligning disks are attached on fishing pins or in comparable centre of rotation across their axis. Aligning disks, at least partially, have curved, angular or straight peripheral line, which is distanced differently from axis of fishing pins. On mating part of snap-change device, for instance tool holder, there is at least one control plate attached, which enters zone of aligning disk motion, and curved peripheral line of aligning disk moves along its surface in process of entering. Shape and location of aligning disk relative to control plate are selected with the possibility of complete force or geometrical closure of snap-change device due to rotation around fishing pins only when they have achieved the lowest point in fishing hook.
EFFECT: prevention of warp or inclined position of snap-change device, damages in process of connection.
8 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: support unit comprises the main body, having an upper end and a lower end, a hole for a shaft of a loading mechanism, stretching via the lower end of the specified main body, and two holes arranged at the distance from each other for eccentric fingers located in the specified upper end. Besides, the support unit comprises two eccentric fingers, every of which is placed into one of the specified holes, an accessory for synchronous rotation of the specified eccentric fingers and a cast item having an upper end and a lower end. At the same time on the specified lower end of the specified cast item there are upper trimming pads installed, being arranged as resting against the upper part of the bucket handle. The support unit also comprises two holes to receive threaded tubes located at the distance from each other in direction of handle displacement, two threaded tubes, every of which is inserted into one of the specified holes for receiving the tube, an accessory for rotation of the specified tubes and an accessory for fixation of the specified tubes. Besides, on each of the specified threaded tubes there are trimming pads installed.
EFFECT: reduced labour intensiveness and time for maintenance and extended service life of support unit assemblies.
12 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: proposed connector comprises retainer for attachment of working tool to the machine. Said retainer comprises retaining element and safety element. Said retaining element can displace from free position into locked position and vice versa. Safety element can displace retaining element from free position to locked position. At least, two hydraulic joints to be jointed together to make working fluid channel between the working tool pressurised fluid main line channel and machine pressurised fluid main line channel. There is a drive to displace said retaining element from free position to locked position and to drive, at least, one of said two hydraulic joints to connection with the other hydraulic joint. Said drive is separated from the main pressurised working fluid main line. Machine comprises above described connector. In compliance with proposed method, working tool is attached to the machine so that hydraulic joints are leveled. Attachment by means of retainer including retaining element an safety element. Said safety element displaces retaining element from free position to locked position at pressure decreased by aforesaid drive and vice versa. Said drive displaces said retaining element from free position to locked position and to drive, at least, one of said two hydraulic joints to connection with the other hydraulic joint.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
15 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises two parts, one of which is fixed on the machine boom, and the other one is fixed on the tool. The first part comprises a tray-shaped holder, installed as capable of insertion of the other part under the shaft, which has an expansion in the form of a hook equipped with at least one side finger for passage into holes of grooves in the first part and a locking plate sliding in the middle part of the first part for insertion under the hook under action of springs. The locking plate is equipped with a stop element, which limits the reverse travel of the specified plate so that matching of the specified holes of the grooves is prevented.
EFFECT: reliable connection.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to quick-detachable connection device. The connection device is aimed at the connection of a primary drive element with an operating tool and comprises the first and the second connection units. The first connection unit comprises the first and the second support units and is attached to the primary drive element, the second connection unit comprises the first and the second units in the form of recesses aimed at the connection with the first and the second support units of the first connection unit and is attached to the operating tool. The connection units can be coupled to the first connection contact zone and the second connection contact zone located at a distance from the first connection contact zone. The device also comprises a rotary locking element attached to the first connection unit and able of rotation for smooth fixation of the first and second connection units in respect to each other.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of operating tool performance, reduced wear between connection components.
20 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to wear shoe assembly for installation on bucket-type working tools. Working tool wear pad assembly, contains edge with one or several holes made in it. Assembly contains wear-resistant pad, mounting bracket, made with possibility of attachment to wear-resistant pad, quick release pin for wear-resistant pad assembly attachment to working element edge and free coupling. Mounting bracket comprises one or several pairs of coaxial holes for pin. Free coupling is made with possibility of filling-in gap between one or several coaxial holes and pin. Road construction machine with working tool, containing edge with one or several holes made in it, as well as containing, at least, one wear pad assembly.
EFFECT: technical result is wear pad assembly installation so, that it can be quickly attached to working member in changeable manner.
13 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: crane (1) with at least one telescoping bracket (2) comprises a boom (3) and its extension (4) by means of a steering swivel (5) disposed on the boom extension (4), comprising two spaced-apart swivel pads (10), the working body (20) is fixed on the telescopic crane bracket (2), and hydraulic lines (6) lead from the boom (3) between the spaced-apart swivel pads (10) of the steering swivel (5) to the working body (20). In the end zone (41) of the boom extension (4), on which the steering swivel (5) is arranged, a guide (7) for the hydraulic lines (6) is provided, which guides them from the boom extension (4) to the zone (51) between the spaced-apart swivel pads (10) of the steering swivel (5). Fixing elements (8) for the hydraulic lines (6), between which the hydraulic lines (6) pass in the form of hydraulic hoses (9), are arranged on the boom (3) end (31) remote from the working body (20) and on the guide (7) end (71) remote from the working body (20).
EFFECT: crane improvement.
8 cl, 4 dwg