Packing merseyside bulk materials
The invention relates to methods for transportation of bulk materials in the rolling stock in bulk. Packing Merseyside bulk materials is that before loading the gondola is placed is made of polyethylene in accordance with the internal dimensions of the open top of the package, remove the edges out and load loose material in bulk, and after loading the surface of the embankment level and the edge of the plastic packaging combined with the creation of the seam and fasten to seal it, with the seam parallel to the lateral sides of the car. The proposed invention reduces costs and protects the environment. table 1. The invention relates to a method for packaging bulk cargoes for transportation rolling stock in bulk. Can be used for the transport of water-soluble materials at low temperatures.According to the "Rules of transportation freezing substances on railway transportation", approved by order of Ministry of Railways of Russia from April 5, 1999, 20 C, registered in the Russian Ministry of justice on 12 may 1999, 1786, (the Collection of rules of transportation of cargoes by railway transport. KN. 1. - M.: Law firm "CONTRACT", 2001, S. 173-190) to the number of profile uniform wetting of the weight of coal and mineral oils, preventive liquids - nigrina and Severin, solutions of sodium chloride and calcium chloride, Peresypkin goods with lime and sawdust. In terms of sustainable Morozov measure for the protection of cargo from freezing in transit is a preliminary freezing of cargo by repeated pouring (prelipceanu) to achieve in the middle layer parasitaemia cargo temperature below minusoC.Known prophylactic against piomote and freezing of bulk materials containing tar Perm oil and careinogenesis fraction of catalytic cracking (RF patent 2155201 from 26.04.1999).There is a method of loading loose materials in open vehicles, namely, that the cavity of the transport capacity fill small fractions, then top them cover large fractions of the same material forming the protective layer (RF patent 2149133 from 03.06.1996).The disadvantage of these activities are labor intensive and use simultaneously various means and methods. However, all these measures are only effective when the transport of water-insoluble goods. When transporting a water-soluble bulk materials such Kayemet in winter conditions at low temperatures, freezing to the walls of the gondola, rising damp material, caking, pylones, loss of cargo through structural cracks, corrosion equipment, environmental pollution.The closest technical solution is the method of transportation of bulk cargo in soft containers (special soft Containers from polypropylene fabric for bulk solids". Technical conditions TU 2297-079-00209728-98, developed by JSC "TSNILPOLIMERKONTEYNER", registered in Unintended 14.05.98 for 200/018351). The disadvantage of this method is the need for specialized equipment for loading and unloading containers weighing 1 ton, the high cost of packaging of goods.The purpose of this invention is the transportation of freezing substances in the winter, reducing the cost of implementation of preventive measures provided by the rules of transportation and environmental protection, the safety of railway tracks, protection rolling against corrosion in any time of the year.We propose a method of transportation of bulk cargoes with use of polyethylene film for packaging the whole mass of cargo transported in bulk.The method executed by the agona. There are two types of packing. In the first embodiment a polyethylene film lined the floor and walls of the gondola, the second option provides for tight packing of cargo throughout the volume. The second option before loading the package is placed in the open ends of the packages are ejected after loading the surface of the mound is levelled, the edges of the package are connected, double-bent to create a seam width of 40-60 mm and stapled to create a tight packaging. The seam is parallel to the side walls of the sides of a gondola.To determine the strength of coupling (primerzanie) salt to metal surfaces conducted research in the laboratory. Examples of technical salt, hydrated up to 10%, was kept in metal cylinders under load 0,17 kg/cm2at low temperatures. The strength of adhesion of the material to the surface was determined by the force applied to the sample when it is dispensed from the cylinder.As can be seen from the table, the freezing of salt to metal surfaces are completely eliminated with the use of polyethylene film.The method is tested in conditions close to full-scale on-site, Rudoupravlenie box was sealed and mounted to the metal side of the outdoor train platform. For comparison piles of salt were laid in an open area, without packaging.The experiment lasted for 12 days when the temperature changes from minus 17 to minus 23oC. during the first days of salt, placed in an open area, adhering practically the entire volume, along with the freezing process was caking. Salt has completely lost its flowability. All samples of salt, Packed in plastic packaging, fully preserved rheological properties.Packing technical salt in the gondolas embankment was carried out at JSC "Silvinit". Cargo is received by the consumer without lumps, in bulk, on the sides of the frozen residue is not observed.
ClaimsPacking Merseyside bulk materials, which consists in the fact that before getting into the gondola place the packing and loading of bulk material bulk, characterized in that the packing is made of polyethylene in accordance with the internal dimensions of the open top and place the packing in the semi-edge output, and after the loading surface of the embankment level and the edge of the plastic packaging combined with the creation of the seam and fasten to seal it, with the seam parallel to the
FIELD: transport engineering; loading facilities.
SUBSTANCE: proposed self-sinking vehicle contains body 1 installed on chassis which accommodates flexible tape 2 equal to width of body, with rods and slings secured on ends of rods for fastening on fixed object at loading. Flexible members in form of cables are laid along lower surface of tape and are secured on said rods. Nuts are riveted to flexible tape into which load-fastening members are turned. Pair of sheaves 9 is rigidly secured in front part of body to floor, and pair of detachable sheaves 10 is arranged from outer sides of boards for turning relative to support axle. Holes are made in side boards to pass cables with hooks. Stop is installed over loop near sheave of floor-mounted pair to hold loop of sling when hook is unhooked. Removable slide with members of fastening to body floor is secured on body.
EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: transport engineering; materials handling and carrying devices.
SUBSTANCE: quarry dump truck loading device has frame 2, sides, plate 3 for rock material and drive to displace the plate. Plate is made horizontal connecting lower edges of vertically orientated sides. Two-side plow knockout 6 with working edges limited by cylindrical surfaces with bending towards each other is arranged between sides for resting on plate and sliding along sides on plate. Upper part of plow knockout has carriages 17 for guides of upper edges of sides. Rock material to be delivered into dump trucks is located at both sides from plow knockout which in arranged in middle part of plate in initial position.
EFFECT: provision of continuous operation of excavator and dump trucks.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: transport, package.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to loading and transportation of vehicles. Proposed method of loading comprises arranging vehicles (3A, 3B, 3C) back-to-back, mainly, horizontally on elongated support frame 2 arranged outside of container, and turning vehicles by manual mechanism (12A, 12B, 12C). Note here that rear part of one vehicle is located above or below adjacent part of another vehicle Methods comprises also displacing support frame 2 with vehicles into container. Method of transporting vehicles comprises transporting above container with vehicles, displacing support frame from container and unloading vehicles from support frame. Set of freight container and support frame comprises freight container, support frame 3 with platforms for vehicles (3A, 3B, 3C) to be places inside said container. Every platform may be manually turned by mechanism (12A 12B, 12C).
EFFECT: decreased probability of vehicles damage, simplified loading.
26 cl, 19 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning of vehicles. Proposed device comprises gantry, cylindrical brush (7) arranged to be driven up and down and control unit (10). Portal struts are equipped with photocells (11) at gondola car working side and fixed brushes arranged at the angle to direction of car motion and at the height equal to half the its height. Cylindrical brush can revolve over half the car width. Width of fixed brush bristle is larger than the width gondola car board top edge by 5-20 cm. Cylindrical brush is composed of alternating metallic and polypropylene bristles. Note here that bristle length is larger than distance from the point of their attachment to gondola car top end edges by 5-10 cm.
EFFECT: higher-efficiency automated cleaning.
4 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to handling operations. Proposed method consists in making the stacks (1) at platform to be placed on carrier at forming and locking them thereat by 3D shoes (2), fastening tapes (4) and lashes. Making the stacks is performed in two steps. At first step, enlarged cargo unit is formed at placing and securing of the first tier. Said stacks are placed at second and nest tiers in lengthwise or crosswise directions from carrier board to board at securing stack by fastening tape so that said enlarged cargo unit is produced. In compliance with first version, shoes composed by three-flange angle pieces are used. In compliance with second version, shoes composed by dual three-flange angle pieces are used. Stack placed at carrier is fastened by lashes and turn-buckles.
EFFECT: reliable and safe attachment, lower material costs.
6 cl, 19 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for self-propelled machine transportation, namely to supports for loader chassis transportation in container. General-duty support for self-propelled machine transportation includes two pairs of main skids on which following parts are mounted: front stops (3), rear stoppers (5) arranged in V-shape and forming "bed" together with front stoppers, and rear support (6) in the form of triangular prisms. Method for self-propelled machine chassis loading into container is implemented by fixation of self-propelled machine chassis front frame (13) lower sheet in the "bed" of universal support. Transportation of universal support into container is executed by loader-pusher. Universal support permits installation of at least two standard sizes of self-propelled machine chassis.
EFFECT: lower self-cost of loading and enhanced functionality of universal support due to providing possibility to install chassis with various bases on it.
6 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: when loose materials are loaded from dump material is fed to installation and transferred to transport facility. The installation is placed under dump. Moving material and poured material are separated by partition-wall.
EFFECT: improved operational performance and simplified design.
13 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway freight technologies, particularly to movable loading equipment. Movable loading mechanism with double telescopic boom structure comprises head car and tail car. Tail car is connected with head car using main rod. Double telescopic boom and two-stage three-channel branched bin are arranged at head car. Double telescopic boom comprises main and auxiliary cars cargo booms, which are installed in parallel. Main and auxiliary cars cargo booms are booms with telescopic function. Two-stage three-channel branched bin comprises upper and lower branched bins. Upper and lower branched bins have three channels, namely main car loading channel, auxiliary car loading channel and channel for recovery. Main car loading channel is connected with main car cargo boom, and auxiliary car loading channel is connected with auxiliary car cargo boom.
EFFECT: achieving continuous dosing and loading of bulk cargoes into open railway car body and safety of operation under conditions of electrified railway roads with suspended contact systems.
8 cl, 10 dwg