The manner of identification of goods belonging to the objects of export control

 

The invention relates to methods of identifying objects of expert studies and can be used for identification of goods belonging to the objects of export control. The technical result is to increase functionality and reduce the time of examination. How is that creating an automated identification system, on the basis of normative documents in advance form the lists of controlled objects, put them in the control region database, enter the registration data you want to identify the object in the registration area of the database, make identification a description of the subject object identification, conduct an automated search process searches compare its results with an identifying description of the subject object identification and at their coincidence output on workplace identification system corresponding message. 8 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

The invention relates to means and methods of identification of goods with signs subject to export control.

There are various ways to research products with performance which of the projects is carried out by specialists, with professional knowledge and experience necessary to address issues related to the identification of goods. The growth of knowledge necessary for the expert to prepare good conclusion, leads to the narrow specialization of the experts. In the case of a wide range of identifiable objects require the involvement of a large number of experts that it is not always economically expedient (P. A. Krasovskiy, A. I. Kovalev, S., Strizhov "Commodity and expertise); the Centre for Economics and marketing, 1998, S. 27, 35, 96-97).

An example of the traditional method of identification of goods set forth in the Rules of examination of the quality and quantity of the goods independent expert company "Rosexpertiza" (P. A. Krasovskiy, A. I. Kovalev, S., Strizhov "Commodity and expertise): the Centre for Economics and marketing, 1998, S. 96-97). Identification of the goods includes the following steps: review and analysis of documents for the goods; external examination and organoleptic studies; testing (analysis) of the samples and specimens. While the structure and content of the working stages of identification is determined by the expert. Thus, the result is the individual's subjective mental study, which may not later be the dividing their identifying characteristics and check the current state of the objects, mainly in the field of registration of real estate objects.

Closest to the claimed is the method and its implementation automated object identification and registration status (RF patent 2066473, G 06 F 17/40, 1995). The system is intended for registration of real estate objects and determine the eligibility of the Desk.

In the method, implemented by a known system, the application for registration and identification of objects arrive at the operator workstation for the primary data processing. The object is assigned the address and machine codes and data register of legal documents, the legal documents were not disclosed, but only recorded their presence. Data is stored in the buffer memory AWP inspectors. On call of the application about the object it is characterized by identifying relevant characteristics as the primary received with the application, and the secondary stored in the database. Thus, for the property identified as his new and former owners.

However, the known system and implemented it the way are targeted to address a specific class identification task, which Prohm is no examination, the increase in the number of species identified goods in the work of each expert by automating its operation while providing high quality expertise.

When carrying out the claimed invention is achieved technical result, which is manifested in improved control over the lawfulness identification expertise, increase resource capacity identification system of interest and its bandwidth, in particular subject to export control, as well as creating and maintaining a database of identified objects.

Achieved the task that the identification of goods belonging to the objects of export control is carried out by a method including the steps: - creation of an automated identification system, containing at least one workstation on a personal computer and a database with dedicated areas: registration, inspection and information; - formation on the basis of normative documents of the lists of controlled objects subject to compulsory identification when export control, in the control region database; - the introduction of the registration data you want to identify the object in the registration area automatically recognized object on the basis of information on the subject of identification of the object from its supporting documentation; - conduct an automated search in the control region of the database in accordance with an identifying description of the subject object identification in the workplace identification system; - comparison in the course of its search results with an identifying description of the subject object identification and at their coincidence launch into the workplace system of identification of relevant messages for decision-making by the expert; - formation of each identification operations describe the characteristics of the object held identification control, and entering information in the database.

While previously created automated identification system may further comprise a server that coordinates the work of all jobs and databases: DB Commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity of the Russian Federation; DB checklists; Registration database; the database of the electronic file identifiable objects; Information database.

During the formation of the lists of controlled object in the control area DB or DB checklists for each object in advance injected at least its name, the code for the nomenclature of vneshneekonomicheskiye fill in the registration data subject to be identified as the first identification parameters enter the name and code TN VED. Or in the registration data is subject to the identification of the object type in its name and process ID description identifies the code by FEACN, and enter these details in the description as the first identification parameters.

When making identification description identify the main technical characteristics of the subject to identify the object and put them in the description as the second identification parameters.

The comparison in the process of automated search carried out first between the first identification parameters subject to object identification and identification parameters of the controlled object, and a positive result of this comparison compare the second identification parameters to be identified with the corresponding main technical characteristics of the controlled objects detected by comparing the first identification parameters.

However, the imposition of the registration data you want to identify the object and eliminate the results of your search, as well as the issue of expert solutions provide by filling in the form displayed on monitorizarea in the drawing.

Automated identification of goods belonging to the objects of export control is executed in the form of workstation 1, containing the necessary channels of the input information processing unit of the data source 2, the analysis block 3, block the formation of negative opinions 4, block the formation of the positive conclusions of 5 and output unit conclusion on the seal 6 and the server 7 to host an electronic database containing the record data area 8, area data electronic file identifiable objects 9, the data area of the Commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity of the Russian Federation (HS) 10, a data region checklists 11, the information data area 12 and lines to connect to external information and information retrieval systems 13.

The invention is implemented as follows.

For System identification "Axcent" create a local network: workstations 1 on the required number of jobs, which is determined by the number of experts, and the server 7. In advance create and host on the server 7 or one database containing data region 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, or independent electronic database (the subject of identification of the object.

b) Database is an electronic file identifiable object 9, which is used to generate and store the identification descriptions.

in the Database of the Commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity of the Russian Federation 10, which is used to define code to be object identification. The database 10 periodically with the release of new documents updated.

d) Database checklists 11, which includes Lists of goods and technologies of dual-use export of which is controlled.

d) Information database 12 that is used to store the outcome documents of identification.

On the basis of normative documents in advance form the lists of controlled objects subject to compulsory identification when export control, and put them into the database checklists 11. On the filing date, there are about 16 lists. Also pre-fill the electronic database of the Commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity of the Russian Federation (HS) 10. Database 10 and 11 are periodically updated according to external information and information retrieval systems 13. The structure of the database checklists 11 is arranged such that spakowany nomenclature of foreign economic activity (HS) and the main technical characteristics of this object.

The system works using specially developed in MS Access software: "Ex-Comte: Block registration (testifying to state registration 2001610154); "Ex-Comte: the Unit of analysis" (testifying to state registration 2001610151); "Ex-Comte: checklists" (testifying to state registration 2001610152); "Ex-Comte: automation conclusion" (testifying to state registration 2001610153). The software implements workplace identification system the following functions: (a) the search of the controlled object on the main characteristics, which are the HS code and a technical name;
b) locating the positions checklists IDs or names to be the identification object;
C) enter the selected data in identification documents to create identification report;
g) archiving of the final documents.

The procedure of identification of the examination is as follows:
The exporter provides for examination of the following documents:
- contract with the specification of delivery;
technical description;
- passport;
- drawings;
- acts of laboratory tests;
other required documents: GOST, TU, certificates, etc.

On predstaviteley documents on the subject to identify the object and is required for identification information about the object:
- name;
- the purpose and basic functions;
- specifications.

Performing the following operation in the workplace identification system in the unit of analysis 3, the expert calls the template of the final document, and makes it from the registration database scope 8 all the necessary information about the subject identify the object. Then an expert in database of electronic dossier object 9 is identification description subject object identification using automated search in an electronic database 10 codes FEACN. Identified in the search result data: name and code of HS - subject object identification expert fills in the template confinement as its identification parameters of the first level. Using the data of the identification parameters of the first level, the expert performs an automated search in the control area database 11, and outputs to the monitor unit 3 information about the controlled object IDs and names that match with the codes and titles subject to object identification. Further examination can be done either in one stage or in two stages.

Stage 1. If the search result calycina about the lack of a scanned object characteristics subject to export controls. The conclusions of the expert recorded in the form of imprisonment, are archived in the information database 11. Formed a negative opinion is checked on the monitor workplace identification system and sent to the output unit of the conclusion of print 6.

Stage 2. If the automated search in the control area database 11 on the identification parameters of the first level identified controlled object IDs and names that match with the codes and titles subject to object identification, expert again accesses a database of electronic dossier objects 9 and complements identification description subject object identification information on the main technical characteristics of this object, which selects from the registration database 8. Main technical characteristics of the subject object identification expert fills in the template confinement as his identification of the parameters of the second level.

Using the information about the identification parameters of the second level, the expert performs an automated search in the control area database 11, and outputs to the monitor unit 3 information about basic characteristics controlled alikali object.

If the result of comparison of the controlled objects are not detected, block 3 command in block 4, where the expert generates a negative conclusion about the absence of a scanned object characteristics subject to export controls.

In case of positive result of the comparison of the identification parameters of the second level of unit 3 is instructed in block 5, where the expert generates a positive conclusion about the presence of the inspected object characteristics subject to export controls.

The conclusions of the expert recorded in the form of imprisonment, are archived in the information database 12. Formed a positive opinion is checked on the monitor workplace identification system and sent to the output unit of the conclusion of print 6.

Example 1. Identification of the photon altimeter.

1. Define General characteristics subject to identify the object.

The operator of the studies submitted by the exporter documentation and operator records in the registration database region 8 information about the product "Photon altimeter".

Caused from the registration database scope 8 information expert sets the name and designation of the instrument Photonic altimeter": the formation of the economic system.

The study of the principle of operation of the device Photonic altimeter, which consists in measuring receiver photon radiation level of intensity of gamma-radiation emitted in the direction of the earth onboard emitter transmitter photon radiation on the basis of the radionuclide cesium (Cs137and reflected from the surface of the landing and the closure of relay contacts in the circuit of motor start-soft landing upon reaching a pre-set value level of gamma radiation, a locking device and corresponding to the distance to the surface of the planting in the range of 0.6-2.0 m, allows the expert to define its function is not as a dimension height (altimeter), and the registration of the specified level-radiation (a device for measuring gamma radiation).

Updated the name of the expert performs an automated search in the electronic database HS 11S into account information from the registration database scope 8 on the subject of identification of the object in accordance with the rules of interpretation FEACN. In the automated search is set HS code subject object identification: 9030 10 900 Oscilloscopes, spectrum analysers and other instruments and apparatus for measuring or measurement method or alpha, beta, gamma, x-ray, cosmic or other ionising radiations: other instruments and apparatus for measuring or detecting ionising radiations: other.

Thus, according to the registration area of the database 8 and electronic database codes FEACN in the database 9 the expert generates an ID object description, including identification parameters of the first level to be the identification object "Photon altimeter": name, HS code, and adds them to the template imprisonment in block 3.

2. Detection of product "Photon altimeter" identification of parameters of the first level of the controlled object:
2.1. The identification parameter of the first level - HS code 9030 10 900 (the first General characteristic of the controlled object) expert conducts automated searches of the database checklists 11. Identified from the scope of the database checklists 11 information about the identification parameters of the first level of controlled objects in the form required for comparison with the identification parameters of the first level of the subject object identification: the name and code is passed to the block 3. Expert displays the monitor information on the availability of controllerobject. In the search result set that to be the identification object "Photon altimeter" is considered in the following positions on the lists of controlled objects:
a) List of goods and dual-use technologies, the export of which is controlled". Annex 1 to the RF SCC Order of 315 from 23.05.96 (in edition of Orders of the state customs Committee of the Russian Federation from 19.11.96 698, from 20.11.96 700, from 31.01.97 43, from 24.02.98 99, 22.03.99 189)
- - - - 1.1.4.3. Nuclear, biological and chemical detection systems, specially designed or modified for detection or detection of biological agents or radioactive materials adapted for use in military purposes, or chemical warfare agents, and specially designed components.

b) List of equipment, materials and technologies used in the creation of missile weapons the export of which is controlled, Annex 9 to the RF SCC Order of 315 from 23.05.96 (in edition of Orders of the state customs Committee of the Russian Federation from 19.11.96 698, from 20.11.96 700, from 31.01.97 43, from 24.02.98 99, 22.03.99 190) Category II
- - - 11.2.14.6. Sensors (detectors), usable in the systems specified in paragraphs 1.1.1 and 1.1.2, for protection of avionics equipment from the damaging effects of a nuclear explosion.

C) List of nuclear materials, equipment shall agenie 2 to the RF SCC Order of 402 from 27.06.96 (as amended Orders of the state customs Committee of the Russian Federation from 31.01.97 43, from 16.07.97 427)
- - 2.1.10. Equipment for detecting and measuring the neutron flux Specially designed or prepared equipment for detection of neutrons and measuring the level of neutron flux within the reactor core, as defined in paragraph 2.1.1.

2.2. By comparing the received data to the monitor unit 3 expert States that "Photon altimeter is intended only for fixing a given level reflected from the surface of the gamma radiation generated by the source of low intensity, characteristics and design is a highly specialized device, so it cannot be used as nuclear, biological and chemical detection system" as "sensor for protection of avionics equipment from the destructive factors of a nuclear explosion" or as "equipment for detecting and measuring the neutron flux".

A comparative analysis of the identification parameters of the first level of the controlled object and the subject object identification "Photon altimeter allows to make a conclusion about the absence of the subject object identification "Photon altimeter" identification of parameters of the first level of the study identification of the parameters of the second level is not required, because the subject object identification no aggregate identification parameters of the first level of controlled objects: HS code and name. The examination is completed. The results of the examination, the examiner gives the command to complete the formation of the description of the object past the identification, control, and archiving data about the object and results of the examination information database 12. Simultaneously, in block 6 are done printing a report, which is issued to the customer.

Example 2. Identification pulse-periodichesko gas laser with carbon dioxide.

1. The definition of the identification parameters of the first level to be the identification object.

The operator of the studies submitted by the exporter documentation and operator records in the registration database region 8 information about periodic-pulsed gas laser with carbon dioxide.

Caused from the registration database scope 8 information expert sets the name and designation of the device: the formation of a pulse monochrome signal in the infrared range with a wavelength of 10.6 microns. The pulse repetition frequency up to 1 Hz, pulse duration of from 1.0 to 3.0 μs, energy impulse identification of objects.

Updated the name of the expert performs an automated search in the electronic database HS 10 based on the information from the registration database scope 8 on the subject of identification of the object and in accordance with the rules of interpretation FEACN. In the automated search is set HS code subject object identification: 901320000 of liquid crystal Devices, in addition to articles provided for more specifically in other headings; lasers, except laser diodes; optical appliances and instruments other in another place in this group not specified: lasers, except laser diodes.

In the database 9 the expert generates an ID object description, including identification parameters of the first level to be the identification object repetitively Pulsed gas laser carbon dioxide": name, HS code, and adds them to the template imprisonment in block 3. Thus, the detected identification parameters of the first level to be the identification object, name, HS code, which then hold the comparison of the identification parameters of the first level for the analyzed and controlled objects.

2. Detection of product "Impolitely objects.

2.1. The identification parameter of the first level - HS code 9013 20 000 (the first General characteristic of the controlled object) conduct automated searches of the database checklists 11 in which the data is output to the monitor unit 3. In the search result set that to be the identification object Gas laser carbon dioxide" is considered in the following positions on the lists of controlled objects:
a) List of goods and dual-use technologies, the export of which is controlled by", Annex 1 to the RF SCC Order of 315 from 23.05.96 (in edition of Orders of the state customs Committee of the Russian Federation from 19.11.96 698, from 20.11.96 700, from 31.01.97 43, from 24.02.98 99, 22.03.99 189)
Section 1
- Category 6 Sensors and lasers
- - 6.1. Systems, equipment and components
- - - 6.1.5. Lasers, components and optical equipment:
- - - - 6.1.5.1. Gas lasers, such as:
- - - - - 6.1.5.1.4. Lasers are carbon dioxide (CO2), having any of the following characteristics:
a) output power in continuous mode for more than 15 kW;
b) the duration of the pulses in the pulse mode for more than 10 μs and having any of the following characteristics: 1) an average output power exceeding 10 kW; or 2) peak power exceeding 100 kW; or
C) the duration of the pulses in the pulse 2) an average output power exceeding 2.5 kW.

2.2. By comparing identification data description of the investigated object and identified in the database checklists 10 information about the test object set that to be the identification object repetitively Pulsed gas laser carbon dioxide has a set of identification parameters of the first level of controlled objects: code and name. This is the basis for the second stage of the examination analysis of the identification parameters of the second level.

2.3. In connection with the subject object identification "repetitively Pulsed gas laser with carbon dioxide as a" set of identification parameters of the first level of the controlled object expert again accesses a database of electronic dossier objects 9 and complements identification description subject object identification information on the main technical characteristics of this object, which selects from the registration database 8. Main technical characteristics of the subject object identification expert fills in the template confinement as his identification of the parameters of the second level, and outputs them to the monitor unit 3.

3. Villification parameters of the second level of the monitored object.

3.1. Using the information about the identification parameters of the first level of the inspected object, an expert performs an automated search in the control area database 11, and outputs to the monitor unit 3 information about basic characteristics of monitored objects identified during the comparison of the identification parameters of the first level to be the identification object. Expert valley the following main technical characteristics of the controlled object Gas laser carbon dioxide": the duration of the pulses in the pulse mode, is equal to or less than 10 μs and any of the following characteristics: pulse energy exceeding 5 j or average output power exceeding 2.5 kW. This information is used for further analysis.

3.2. According to the information identification description of the object in block 3 expert displays on the monitor screen in block 3, the identification parameters of the second level of the subject object identification "repetitively Pulsed gas laser carbon dioxide": the duration of the pulses in the pulse mode from 1.0 to 3.0 μs and a pulse energy of up to 170 j.

3.3. In block 3, the expert compares the identification parameters of the second level Konchesky characteristics of the subject object identification "repetitively Pulsed gas laser carbon dioxide". As a result of comparison reveals that the pulse energy of 170 j for pulses with a duration of less than 10 µs investigated object identification "repetitively Pulsed gas laser carbon dioxide exceeds the level 5 j, the minimum specified for objects of control.

The results of the comparative analysis provide the basis for the expert to formulate a positive conclusion. From unit 3 is instructed in block 5, where the expert generates a positive conclusion about the presence of the inspected object characteristics subject to export controls.

The conclusions of the expert recorded in the form of imprisonment, are archived in the information database 11. Formed a positive opinion is checked on the monitor workplace identification system and sent to the output unit of the conclusion of print 6.

The system is based on the General principles of logical and physical implementation of hardware and software, protocols, and interfaces, as well as build local and geographically distributed information systems.

The claimed technical solution is implemented in the project Center development industry and has shown high economic efficiency in the exploitation process. the objects of export control, in which pre-create an automated identification system, containing at least one workstation on the personal computer and the database on the basis of normative documents in advance form the lists of controlled objects subject to compulsory identification when export control, and put them in the control region database; enter the registration data you want to identify the object in the registration area of the database in the workplace identification system; make identification a description of the subject object identification on the basis of information on the subject of identification of the object from its supporting documentation; conduct an automated search in the control region of the database in accordance with an identifying description of the subject object identification in the workplace identification system; in the process of an ongoing search compare its results with an identifying description of the subject object identification; results of the search display an appropriate message on the presence or absence of information on controlled objects with identification descriptions matching ID is I, what automated identification system further comprises a server that coordinates the work of all jobs and the database.

3. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the lists of controlled objects contain for each object at least his name, code of the Commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity (HS) and the main technical characteristics of this object.

4. The method according to p. 3, characterized in that the identification parameters of the first level in the registration data subject to object identification enter the name and code of HS.

5. The method according to p. 3, characterized in that the registration data is subject to the identification of the object type in its name and process ID description identifies the code for the HS and put these details in the description as the identification parameters of the first level.

6. The method according to p. 4 or 5, characterized in that the process ID description identifies the main technical characteristics of the subject to identify the object and put them in the description as the identification of the parameters of the second level.

7. The method according to p. 6, characterized in that Travego level subject object identification and identification parameters of the controlled object and a positive result of this comparison compare the identification parameters of the second level to be the identification object with the corresponding main technical characteristics of the controlled object, identified during the comparison of the identification parameters of the first level.

8. The method according to p. 1, wherein each identification operations form a description of the characteristics of the object held identification control, and put the information in the database area.

9. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the introduction of registration data about the subject of identification of the object and the elimination of the results of your search, as well as the issue of expert solutions provide by filling in the form displayed on the monitor workplace identification system.

 

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