Device for svetodinamichesky materials processing

 

The invention relates to a pressure treatment of materials and can be used during cold plastic deformation to obtain details with a specified level of performance. The device includes a punch, a die with a cavity and plunger. In the cavity of the matrix posted by deforming the fluctuation module lodgement in the form of an elastic element in the form of a spherical segment of variable thickness. In the Central part of the inner surface of the elastic element is thickening. The outer surface of the mentioned elastic element and the inner surface portions of different thickness made with geometric profile in the form of "Cassini Oval". Referred to sections of the internal surface of a conjugate between a surface with a geometric profile "Curl of Agnesi". The cavity of the matrix in the area of the planetary deforming the fluctuation of the module is made with a variable profile. The result is the expansion of technological capabilities of the device. 1 Il.

The invention relates to the field of materials processing pressure and, in particular, to a device for cold plastic deformation and details with a given etimologically needles with the increased strength of attachment of the suture at the end of a needle and a low degree of disturbance of the tissues of the eyeball during introduction of the needle; - new generation of gravitational filters drinking water with increased volumetric magnetic potential for the formation of the space charge on ultra-fine insoluble impurities; - new generation of relaxation modules holders for grinding and polishing precious stones, eliminating dangerous voltage spalling of the stone, resulting from its processing; - new generation of rapid indicators identify the type of abnormal growths of muscle tissue; - new generation of bioinformatics systems.

A device for fertilityscore formation containing the punch, the matrix cavity, planetary deforming fluctuation module, lodgement, the plunger [1].

The drawbacks: - it is impossible by running the end of the workpiece placed on the support, to translate the workpiece in a state of dynamic instability and form the initial paramagnetic (unmagnetized) the material combination of mutually exclusive features, such as hard magnetic and soft magnetic properties of the local arrays of metal parts while maintaining paramagnetic volumes of metal with high elastic and corrosion resistant properties; - diffusion act of the deposits, biologically and chemically active environments and cryogenic temperatures; it is impossible in the process of deformation of the workpiece to ensure penetration of the mechanisms of plasticity (mod rotational ductility) to micro-level with the aim of forming a structural-informational field in the material of the workpiece and its long-term storage in the finished product.

This technical solution adopted for the prototype.

The technical task of the present invention is to expand the technological capabilities of the device.

To solve the problem in the known device for svetodinamichesky processing materials containing punch, matrix, with a cavity in which is placed the planetary deforming fluctuation module lodgement, and the pusher, the lodgement is made in the form of elastic lodgement in the form of a spherical segment of variable thickness with a thickening in the Central part of the inner surface, the outer surface of the mentioned elastic element and the inner surface portions of different thickness made with geometric profile in the form of "Cassini Oval" referred to sections of the internal surface of a conjugate between a surface with a geometric profile "Curl of Agnesi", and the cavity Mat

Device for svetodinamichesky materials processing shown in the drawing, which shows the device in the working position.

The device comprises a plug 1, the fluctuation module 3, the matrix 2, the plunger 5, the workpiece 6, the cradle 4.

The device operates as follows.

The workpiece 6 is placed on the cradle 4 fluctuation of module 3 is installed in the matrix 2 on the pusher 5.

After that produce a regulated draught of the workpiece 6 by the punch 1 and the subsequent testing, that you are carrying out the extrusion of the material of the workpiece 6 in the annular gap between the matrix 2 and the cradle 4, the execution of the outer surface and the Central thickened portion on the geometric curve "Ovals of Cassini" (see Handbook of mathematics. I. N. Bronstein and K. A. semendjajew. Publishing house "Nauka", Moscow, 1963, S. 106), and a pair raznoformnyh areas of lodgement between a geometric profile of the Curl Agnesi" (see ibid., S. 102) provides the air gap between the bed 4 and the workpiece 6 during extrusion of the metal in the annular gap.

Fluctuations in the planetary deforming fluctuation module 3 bed 4 in the final stages of the process red effects on the peripheral annular part of the extruding metal workpiece 6, being in a state of deformation of the resonance. The presence of spontaneous resonance condition of the cradle 4 and the peripheral annular sections of the extruding metal creates conditions for the implementation of wave mechanisms of plastic deformation - rotational modes (mechanisms) plasticity that enables the penetration of advanced plastic deformation by crystallographic (atomic) level, i.e. the implementation of nanoeffects.

Rebuilding the original crystallographic structure causes a qualitative change in the original structure-sensitive properties of the material of workpiece, which illustrates the phenomenological character of the course of plastic deformation during the deformation in the device containing the planetary deforming fluctuation module lodgement made with the controlled rheology geometric surfaces.

Thus, the proposed device allows for nanosafety in producing parts with predicted complex delicate structural operational characteristics due to the implementation of the conditions of deformation of the resonance of lodgement.

Information source 1. Utility model RF 4931, CL 21 J 5/08,abode materials, contains the punch, the matrix with a cavity in which is placed the planetary deforming fluctuation module lodgement, and the plunger, wherein the cradle is made in the form of an elastic element in the form of a spherical segment of variable thickness with a thickening in the Central part of the inner surface, the outer surface of the mentioned elastic element and the inner surface portions of different thickness made with geometric profile in the form of "Cassini Oval" referred to sections of the internal surface of a conjugate between a surface with a geometric profile "Curl of Agnesi", and the cavity of the matrix in the area of the planetary deforming the fluctuation of the module is made with a variable profile.

 

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FIELD: metal working.

SUBSTANCE: hard alloy matrix has casing, bushing pressed in the case and hard alloy insertion. Bushing has multifaced hole. Hard alloy insertion is composed by several sections made in form of trapezoidal-section prisms which have cut angles at their non-working edges. Number of sections corresponds to number of faces of item to be headed. Cuts of angles are made symmetrically to faces of working edge. Slits are made in several places of multifaced hole bushing at the ponts where faces cross each other.

EFFECT: improved resistance of matrix; simplified assembly.

3 cl, 1 dwg

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