The method of air drying in the processing line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment

 

The invention relates to the storage, in particular to methods for protection of machinery and equipment from environmental influences. The method includes the supply air fan and drying, which use high-pressure installation of air drying, and the air with high relative humidity is fed through a pipeline module dehumidify the air with the possibility of freezing of moisture from the air and feeding the dried high-pressure air fan in the processing line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment and repeat the cycle to establish a predetermined relative humidity in the storage process line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment. In addition, the dehumidification in the high-pressure installation air drying is carried out by pulling air fan through the evaporator, the condenser, thus fed cooling the mixture of the compressor through the receiver to the evaporator and the condenser, solenoid valve, filter-drier and capillary tube, with the possibility of moisture condensation on a cooled surface. Application of the proposed method provides continuous monitoring of parameters of the air inside the storage objects which incorporates both the use of expensive and time-consuming method of drying the air by using a desiccant (silica gel) and equipment for drying. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to methods of storage, in particular to methods for protection of machinery and equipment from environmental influences.

There is a method of air drying (see Park equipment armor weapons and vehicles): Voenizdat, 1989, S. 250-253), including the air supply by spectrofotometer through the adsorbent filled with desiccant, and air drying. This method is closest to the technical nature of the claimed invention taken as a prototype and is the base object. As the adsorbent is silica gel. Silica gel is dried in a furnace which is heated to 200-250oSince the air is forced through a layer of silica gel.

The disadvantage of this method is the impossibility of continuous monitoring of parameters of the air (relative humidity and temperature) inside storage, issuing control signals to the alarm limit values of parameters of the air operator and the high-pressure drying unit of the air in the processing line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment.

The objective of the proposed method is a constant monitoring parameters the s parameters of the air operator and the high-pressure drying unit of the air in the processing line group storage arms machinery or equipment, as well as reducing material and energy costs during storage.

This task is achieved by a method of air drying in the processing line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment includes air supply an electric fan and air drying, use a high-pressure installation of air drying, and the air with high relative humidity is fed through a pipeline module dehumidify the air with the possibility of freezing of moisture from the air and feeding the dried high-pressure air fan in the processing line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment and repeat the cycle to establish a predetermined relative humidity in the storage process line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment. In addition, the dehumidification in the high-pressure installation air drying is carried out by pulling air fan through the evaporator, the condenser, thus fed cooling the mixture of the compressor through the receiver to the evaporator and the condenser, solenoid valve, filter - drier and capillary tube, with the possibility of moisture condensation on a cooled surface.

Understands that the research Institute.

In the drawings, the following notation: automated system 1 control (ACMS), the remote controller 2 power and control (PUR), block 3 air heating (BCF), module 4 dehumidification (MOB), the pipe 5, the tank 6, high-pressure fan (BB) 7, the duct 8 of the pumping line (VNL), production line group 9 storage of weapons, machinery or equipment, the facility 10, the meter 11 temperature and humidity (humidity sensor (DV) and temperature sensor (DT), the duct 12 the return (suction) line (OX), electric cable 13, a compressor 14, a capillary tube 15, a receiver 16, the evaporator 17, the solenoid valve 18, the filter-drier 19, a capacitor 20 and a fan 21.

Automated system monitoring and control 1 is used to control air parameters (relative humidity and temperature) inside storage, issuing control signals to the control unit of the air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment.

Install air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment is designed to maintain specified values of relative humidity and temperature in technology the spirit 4 with a reservoir for collecting condensate 6, unit air heating 3, high-pressure fan 7, a remote supply and control 2.

Remote supply and control 2 is designed to provide electrical power and control the work of installing air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment.

The heating unit air 3 is designed to maintain positive (5oC) air temperature inside the unit air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment. The unit air heating includes heating element and temperature controller.

Block CBF implements the mode of "dehumidification" at low outside temperatures. It provides favorable conditions for MOB 4 and eliminates freezing collected in the reservoir 6 moisture at lower outdoor temperature to 0oC and below.

When the work of CBF 3 PUF 2 lights warning light "heat". BCF 3 provides installation air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment in the "dehumidification" if lower outdoor temperature -10oC. the Drying air inside the objects storing the I relative humidity in the storage objects to a specified value by condensation (freezing) on a cooled surface moisture, contained in air storage.

In a composition MOB includes: steam compressor refrigeration machine Glandless; fan MOB; a reservoir for collecting condensate (moisture); the control unit MOB.

MOB 4 implements the mode of operation "dehumidification" when sharing his work with high-pressure fan 7, which delivers the humidified air from the processing line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment to the module dehumidification 4 in the closed loop. Dewatering is carried out due to moisture condensation on a cooled surface. Dried high-pressure air fan 7 in the closed circuit is fed back into the process line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment, there is mixed with humidified air and enters the MOB 4. The mode of "dehumidification" continues to establish within the storage of the desired value of the relative humidity. Power and control MOB 4 is made with polyurethane foam 2.

High-pressure fan 7 implements operating modes: "ventilation" and "drainage". The mode of "drainage" is being implemented in collaboration with the module dehumidification 3.

the Ohm power and control 2 is electrocute with Germersheim. The power supply for the installation of air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment served by the cable. Install air drying for technological line storage of weapons, equipment or hardware may reside on a removable four-wheeled chassis with the possibility of moving the manual way, by car or by electroceram.

Controls installation of air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment and devices alarm modes of operation are located on the front panel of the power supply and control 2.

Technological line group storage 9 is designed to supply dry air from the drying unit air processing line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment to the objects of its distribution inside the object and removal of moist air from the objects to the installation of air drying for technological line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment.

Technological line storage group 9 has two duct - inlet 8 and the return line 12. Each duct is made of pipe, the diameter of which depends on the number of objects and the other device.

The storage object 10 can be weapons and equipment, on the open ground and in store (weapons and equipment, aircraft, helicopters, surface and underwater vehicles, and others); ammunition and parachute system in the storage; electronic, optical and other complex systems in the store, military property for various purposes in the repository; economic facilities requiring monitoring and maintaining the required level of humidity and temperature of air in the confined space.

Measuring humidity and temperature 11, comprising a humidity sensor (DV) and temperature sensor (DT), is intended for forming and outputting control signals in the automated system of control and management 1.

Electrical cable 13 is designed to connect electrical connection measuring humidity and temperature 11 with an automated system of control and management 1.

Work method air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment is carried out as follows. Drained the high-pressure air supplied by the fan 7 through the duct inlet line 8, the internal volume of the storage facilities, where it is mixed with the humidified air. Moist wooki air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment. Further, the drying cycle is repeated.

The method provides for manual and automatic (ACMS) control modes. In automatic mode control signals to enable the installation of air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment received from the automated system monitoring and control 1. In manual mode from remote supply and control 2.

The proposed method provides the operating modes "ventilation" and "drainage". Mode "ventilation" include if the relative humidity of the outside air is less than the relative humidity of the air inside the objects. When the relative humidity outside air relative humidity inside the storage objects include mode "drainage".

The operating mode "ventilation" is carried out by the open-loop system. When the output hose of the reverse duct (intake) line 12 is disconnected from the inlet of air drying for technological line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment. In this mode include only high-pressure fan 7, and the outer air through the input set, bypassing the module dehumidification 4, serves high-pressure fan 7 at who the external air mode installation "ventilation" is turned off. The operating mode "ventilation" include in the range of the outdoor temperature (-25)-(+50)oC.

The mode of "drainage" is carried out in a closed system. When the output hose of the reverse duct (intake) line 12 is connected to the input of the module dehumidification 4. Air with high relative humidity of the storage 10 is served in the module dehumidification 4, where the level of relative humidity due to freezing is reduced. With the gradual reduction of relative humidity in the object to the specified level mode installation "draining" disable.

Mode "drainage" includes in the range of ambient temperatures (-10)-(+50)oC. When the outdoor temperature (-25)-(+3)oWith the work further include a heating unit air 3, which maintains the temperature of the air inside the unit 3-5oC. This eliminates the freezing of condensation in the tank 6 and provides favorable conditions for module operation dehumidification 4.

Application of the proposed method provides continuous monitoring of parameters of the air inside the storage, reduces the volume of work involved in the formulation and content objects storage (85%) and desiccant (silica gel) and equipment for drying.

Claims

1. The method of air drying in the processing line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment, including air supply by spectrofotometer and air drying, different, those that use high-pressure installation of air drying, and the air with high relative humidity is fed through a pipeline module dehumidify the air with the possibility of freezing of moisture from the air and feeding the dried high-pressure air fan in the processing line group storage of weapons, machinery or equipment and repeat the cycle to establish a predetermined relative humidity in the storage process line storage of weapons, machinery or equipment.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that the drying air in the high-pressure installation air drying is carried out by pulling air fan through the evaporator, the condenser, thus fed cooling the mixture of the compressor through the receiver to the evaporator and the condenser, solenoid valve, filter-drier and capillary tube with the possibility of moisture condensation on a cooled surface.

 

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