Marine ecology station

 

The invention relates to ecological systems, and specifically to devices for obtaining and using electrical energy from natural renewable sources of energy on the sea without pollution. In marine ecological station, consisting of a source of energy, electrolysis cell c electrodes for hydrogen production from sea water, which is connected with the block liquefaction of hydrogen, block fence deep water and connecting pipelines as a source of energy are wind power installation, photovoltaic plant, hydroelectric plant, fuel and chemical elemental station, with the possibility of use as a fuel, hydrogen, batteries, and the unit of sampling deep-sea water consists of deep intake pipe with filter held by the anchor at the specified depth. The invention allows to solve a complex series of environmental and economic objectives. To environmental challenges include reservedartist the Black sea basin, cleaning coastal areas from organic pollutants and the production of environmentally friendly fuel for use in land transport Maritime (especially chickens is whether, as well as oxygen for construction, industrial and medical purposes. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 1 Il.

Marine ecology station (MES) refers to ecological systems, and specifically to devices for obtaining and using electrical energy from natural renewable sources of energy on the sea without pollution.

It is known the use of electric stations on the sea (see A. Belyakov. About water turbines and not only about them. The independent newspaper - science, No. 8, 2000), using the infinite possibilities of the World ocean for the decision of ecological problems. The location of the power plants of the sea (ocean) is dictated by the presence of a large number of renewable, environmentally friendly sources of energy, lack of territorial restrictions, the possibilities of practical use of the obtained them energy. Such energy sources include:

the energy of motion of sea water (sea currents, tides, sea, swell, and so on);

solar energy;

wind energy;

the electrochemical energy of the water and its components of oxygen and hydrogen;

biochemical energy of sea water.

The marine (ocean) power plants - development Markusen in operation tidal power plant on the coast of the Barents sea in the Bay Kislov. Is under development Tenginska tidal power plant in Kamchatka. Built and operated wind power in the Netherlands and Denmark on the North sea coast.

However, these stations are used only to generate electricity, i.e. solved only the first part of the task of our invention.

Closer to the ecological system of the power plant, using the power of the Gulf stream, plugged in the Gulf of Mexico (see David Rokhlenko. Floating factory hydrogen. The independent newspaper - science, No. 4, 1999. The prototype), consists of energy sources, electrolysis cell for hydrogen production from sea water, the installation of liquefied hydrogen, connecting pipelines.

Receivers (transducers) energy ocean currents are small (1.5 m height and 1 m in diameter) turbine helical pattern, each of which is mounted a small generator that produces electrical energy. Generators are combined in a single network, in which the energy consumer is the electrolysis bath, where sea water get hydrogen and oxygen. One of the uses of hydrogen is its use as an ecological fuel for India, that allows to avoid its loss, as well as the production of environmentally friendly fuel - hydrogen.

However, the above devices may not be used for clean fuel in the Black sea.

In addition, this station does not use other sources of energy, such as energy waves and swell, wind energy, solar energy, electrochemical energy substances, soluble in seawater, biochemical energy marine flora and other

And most importantly, this station does not create the ability to produce clean water in the waters of the coastal cities, such as Sochi, Tuapse, Novorossiysk, and the Black sea, from which poisons all living things, excess hydrogen sulfide and other contaminants.

The objective of the invention is to counter the mos toxicitiy Black sea and other seas), the inexhaustible possibilities of alternative energy sources and the production of environmentally friendly fuel (hydrogen), as well as products such as crystalline sulfur, liquid oxygen and sea salt.

Technical solution to the problem is the creation of marine ecological station, consisting of a source of energy, electrolysis cell to produce hydrogen used wind power installation, photovoltaic station, a hydroelectric plant, fuel and chemical elemental station, with the possibility of use as a fuel, hydrogen, batteries, and the unit of sampling deep-sea water consists of deep intake pipe with filter held by the anchor to the desired depth, and the second end of the intake deepwater pipeline connected with swimming deservedness containing compartment, a vacuum pump, and the compartment is connected with a bath of deservedness with low-temperature heater, glass dome, and the compressor with the possibility of transfer of hydrogen sulfide in totalizer, which has the possibility of selection crystalline sulfur in the tank for collection of crystalline sulfur, and hydrogen fuel-elemental station, and block liquefaction of hydrogen through the hydrogen receiver, where, in addition, receives hydrogen from electrolysis units through the glass dome and the compressor, and the electrolysis unit has electrodes and connected to the block liquefaction of oxygen through the compressor with the possibility of removal of oxygen in sea water and supply of liquid oxygen in the dealer's point of liquid hydrogen and oxygen the hydrogen at the collection point for the storage of liquid hydrogen through the compressor. Moreover, the wind power installation, photovoltaic plant, hydroelectric plant, fuel and chemical elemental station, the battery is connected through the regulation and distribution of electrical energy from the vacuum pump, the low-temperature heater, compressors, electrodes, block liquefaction of hydrogen and oxygen. And energy complex, block fence deep water, complex processing of sea-water, the processing unit and pump are located on the pontoons attached to the anchors or the platform installed on the piles.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, where:

I - energy complex (EC);

II - unit sampling deep water (BSGV);

III - complex processing of sea water (CPMV);

IV - block processing and delivery of products of processing (BOP);

V - terrestrial (receiving) complex (NPC);

VI - cleaning complex marine waters (COMA);

1 - filter (f);

2 - intake deepwater pipeline (HRT);

3 - wind power plant (WPP);

4 - PV station (PES);

5 - hydroelectric plant (EPP);

6 - cell battery (AB);

7 - toplifikacija cell station (TEN);

8 the smart pump (BH);

11 - glass dome (SEC);

12 - bath reservedartist (GVA);

13 - low-temperature heater (NTEN);

14 - compressor ();

15 - translucent dome (SEC);

16 - electrolysis bath (EV);

17 - electrodes (ED);

18 - compressor ();

19 - compressor ();

20 - tub evaporation of sea water (WMV);

21 - the capacity to collect salt (ECC);

22 - totalizer (VL);

23 - the capacity to collect crystalline sulfur (ECC);

24 - receiver hydrogen (PV);

25 is a block liquefaction of hydrogen (BSV);

26 - compressor ();

27 is a block liquefaction of oxygen (BSC);

28 - compressor ();

29 is a collection point for the storage of liquid hydrogen (PPW);

30 - distributing station of liquid hydrogen and oxygen (RSVK);

31 receiver liquid oxygen (CPD);

32 - anchor (I);

33 - pool reservedartist (BSV);

34 - electrolysis unit (EU);

35 - installation evaporation (HC);

36 - fan Aleksandria air;

37 generator of ultrashort waves (HUCV);

38 generator of ultrasonic vibrations (HUSK).

I - energy complex is designed to produce electrical energy, storage, and distribution of its various consumers. Sources of electric energy MES avlee air (wind) speed from 0.5 to 25 m/s, in this case the electric power installation can be up to 10 kW. Such facilities may be several, depending on the desired MES needs. Wind-driven power plant of this type developed by the domestic industry and mass-produced;

photovoltaic station 4 (PES) generates electric power based on the conversion of solar energy photovoltaic cells mounted on a flat wire mesh sheet, normally prescribed in relation to the sun. The location of the shield is changed automatically in accordance with changes in the angle of incidence of sun rays. The area of the shield 10 m2it can be charged electrical energy of the order of 10 kW. As in the case of wind turbines, such installations may be somewhat established in the form of a package of parallel spaced panels with solar cells;

hydroelectric installation 5 (EPP) that produces electrical energy using kinetic energy of the moving sea water, such as tide-low tide or sea underwater currents. The conversion of the energy of moving water into electrical possible through the use of the helical pattern of the Gorlov turbine, allowing it to receive electric energy at small delinickola tens of meters from the surface of the water. Experienced installing such a network, constructed in the Florida Strait “Gulf stream energy, designed to produce 30 megawatts of power;

fuel and chemical elemental station 7 (TEN), consisting of vodorodovozdushnykh elements that convert the chemical energy of combustion of hydrogen in air in the presence of a solid polymer electrolyte into electrical energy. At the Institute of hydrogen energy developed block elements 10 kW, for this block is necessary to supply hydrogen and air. The proposed MES toplifikacija cell operating on hydrogen coming from the complex processing of sea water III through totalizer 22;

the battery pack of electric energy 6 required for continuous operation of the power unit. The battery electric energy you can store it in the peaks produced by the sources 3, 4 and 5 of the energy and distribute it evenly between consumers. As batteries can be used, for example, capacitor battery which is capable of rapid charge and high (up to 5 years) service life. All sources of electrical energy have electrical connection with the mustache is practical sources, that allows you to increase the independence of the MES from the weather, time of year and day, and also to produce the energy for other objects both at sea and ashore;

regulation and distribution of electrical energy 8 is designed to coordinate parallel operation of different sources (3,4,5,6) and conversion of produced energy to a form most appropriate to the requirements of consumers that are on the MES. Electric power is supplied from the YPP 8 to the vacuum pump 10, a low-temperature heater 13, the electrodes 17, compressors 14,18,19,26,28, liquefaction of hydrogen 25 and block liquefaction of oxygen 27, and lighting marine ecological station, household needs, signal, etc. the Data communication in the drawing are not represented. Energy complex I can be installed on multiple pontoons attached to the anchors, or platform, is installed on the piles.

II - unit sampling deep water, consisting of a mechanical screen filter 1 and the partitioned intake pipe 2 total length of more than 140 meters, designed to be transported by sea water saturated with hydrogen sulfide from the depths, for example, 140 meters or more, thus to hold the pipe in zagotavlivaetsya-reinforced composite materials and consists of strand between a 10-meter sections; the upper end of the assembled pipe is fixed in the receiving compartment 9 bath reservedartist 12.

Complex processing of sea water III includes pool deservedly 33, electrolysis installation 34 and installation evaporation 35.

COMB is designed to obtain the final product i.e. hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur, sea salt and other products.

Hydrogen and oxygen will be produced in two States - gaseous and liquid. Gaseous hydrogen is used to power TEN 7, and the block liquefaction of hydrogen 25, whence it is transported through pipelines to a collection point for storage of liquid hydrogen 29.

The resulting gaseous oxygen for the first time is used for treatment of water of the Black sea, for which it is sent by pipeline to the water. Pipe not shown. Liquid oxygen is supplied by pipeline to a collection point 31.

The resulting sulfur is collected in a reservoir for collecting the crystalline sulfur 23 for further processing.

The pool deservedness 33 includes in addition to the receiving compartment 9 and bath deservedness 12 vacuum pump 10, the glass dome 11 to collect hydrogen sulfide, low-temperature electric heater 13, which is designed to heat the sea water in the baths is cacci of hydrogen sulfide in totalizer 22.

In light water heating is carried out at the expense of light energy of the sun coming through the glass dome 11.

Sea water from COPS III pipeline flows by gravity into the electrolytic bath 16.

Electrolysis unit 34 is designed to receive gaseous hydrogen and oxygen. The propulsion plant consists of the electrolysis cell 16 and electrodes 17, translucent dome with a partition 15, the compressor 18 for pumping gaseous hydrogen and 19 for pumping gaseous oxygen.

Oxygen and hydrogen are accumulated in the electrolysis of sea water, respectively, in the area of the cathode and anode, where and are in gaseous form in the glass dome 15. Avoid mixing glass dome 15 is divided by a partition reaching the surface of the water in the tub 16. During electrolysis, the concentration of salt in the tub 16 is continuously increased, and the resulting “brine” gravity drains into a tub evaporation of sea water 20, where the obtaining of sea salt by evaporation.

Installation evaporation 35 includes bath 20, the heater 17, the vessel 21 to collect sea salt. Evaporation of water from brine is caused by exposure to sunlight, and by podagra the constituent fan 36.

The processing unit and pumping (products of sea water) IV is designed for deeper processing of the obtained hydrogen sulfide, oxygen, and hydrogen. It consists of totalizer 22, a container of salt 23, a receiver 24 hydrogen, block liquefaction of hydrogen 25, compressors 26 and 28, block liquefaction of oxygen 27, pipelines.

Totalizer 22 is a known device, where the incoming hydrogen sulfide affects ultrasonic radiation generated, such as quartz lamps. Under UV irradiation, hydrogen is decomposed into hydrogen gas and crystalline sulfur. Hydrogen gas is fed into the fuel-elemental station 7 and the hydrogen receiver 24. Dropdown crystalline sulfur is collected in a reservoir for collecting the crystalline sulfur 23 mechanically.

The hydrogen receiver 24 is a tank in which a hydrogen of totalizer 22 and electrolysis units 34.

In the hydrogen receiver 24 produces a drying gas, for example, using silica gel or other adsorbent.

As block liquefaction of hydrogen 25 use the known device. He piped to the compressor 26 which pumps gigiyena oxygen 27 use the known device, to it is attached the pipeline and the pipeline. The pipeline goes to the compressor 28, and the pipeline is lowered into the water for aeration of the water area of the location of the MES.

A necessary complement to the IEN is a ground receiving complex V, which includes the collection point for the storage of liquid hydrogen 29 and oxygen 31, and a distributing point of liquid hydrogen and oxygen 30, which is a vacation environmentally friendly fuel for cars and liquid oxygen.

Complex purification of the waters of VI is designed to clean marine waters in the area of MES using magnetic and ultrasonic vibrations. It includes a generator of ultrashort waves 37 range 100-150 MHz and the antenna emitter, immersed in water (not shown), and a generator of ultrasonic vibrations emitter 38, immersed in water (not shown).

The above-mentioned fluctuations intensify the processes of coagulation of impurities of pollutants in sea water (organic matter and petroleum products).

Works of MES as follows.

Energy complex I produces electrical energy from natural environmental factors (solar radiation, air movement and sea and chem is ranked on the sources, associated with the change of time of day, weather conditions and time of year, compensated by the use of a battery 6. Power generated by the energy complex I is supplied to consumers through the YPP 8. New in the work of EK I is a combination of the different device and electrical indicators sources on the system consumers located here at MES.

The main consumers are BSV 33, PI 34 and HC 35, BOP IV, as well as premises and instrumentation installed on the units of MEAs.

The purpose of consumers energy is first applied deep processing of sea water to remove the dissolved hydrogen sulfide, environmentally friendly fuel (hydrogen), as well as a valuable chemical products: oxygen, crystalline sulfur and sea salt.

Special ecological value, in particular for the Black sea basin is carried out by the MES reservedartist deep waters.

It is done by seawater from the depths with the highest content of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), with a depth of 140 m from the surface. The fence is made through the filter 1, the intake deepwater pipeline is free admission deep water in the bath of reservedartist 12. The amount of water in GVA 12 is determined by the capacity of energy sources, as well as the needs of end products.

The water in GVA 12 is heated by solar radiation through the glass dome 11, and at night time low temperature heater 13. Here for the first time applied composite heaters that do not have contact with sea water. Released from the water heating the hydrogen sulfide is collected in SEC II, where there is a vacuum created by the compressor 14 which pumps the hydrogen sulfide in totalizer 22.

Water after the extraction from it of hydrogen sulfide flows by gravity (due to the difference in levels of baths 12,16 and 20) in the electrolysis installation 34 and enters the electrolytic bath 16 through the adjusting device (not shown).

In the electrolysis bath 16 is the electrolysis of sea water using continuous low-potential voltage on the electrodes 17, one of which is the anode, and the other is a cathode. In accordance with the polarity of the electrode them accumulate gaseous hydrogen and oxygen, which are collected in SEC 15, divided by a partition extending into the electrolyte (sea water). New in this process is to install the translucent dome 15 which both potichnyj materials (plastics) resistant to aggressive gases and constituents of the electrolyte. Branch SEC 15 hydrogen and oxygen is sucked by the compressor 18 and 19 and sent to the receiver hydrogen 24 and the block liquefaction of oxygen 27. In BSK 27 provides for the removal of gaseous oxygen in the water under pressure through the diffusers (dispersal device) to clean up the waters of the location of the MES from organic pollutants. Perhaps the direction of the flow of oxygen and its dispersion in the resort areas.

Water from EV 16 by gravity through a regulating device (not shown) goes to the evaporation 35, accumulate in the bath evaporation of sea water 20. To accelerate the evaporation of the water in WMV 20 is set to the low-temperature heaters 13, 15 SEC and blower with heated air. For the first time in the bath evaporation of sea water 20 applied cartridges with partitions, accelerating the cleanup process from sea salt, which allows to mechanize the process of obtaining the final product. After filling cassettes sea salt they come in ESA 21, where it is purified from sea salt and come back in WMV 20.

Hydrogen sulfide, which comes from BSV 33 in totalizer 22, are exposed to a powerful stream of ultraviolet rays and is decomposed into hydrogen gas and poroshkoobraznoe is, bledowski high efficiency (light).

From totalizer 22 sulfur mechanically poured with a vibrating conveyor (not shown) in the ESS 23, and hydrogen gas is supplied at TEN 7 and the hydrogen receiver 24. There also comes the hydrogen of PI 34. After drying of hydrogen, using moist collectors, it enters the block liquefaction of hydrogen 25. After liquefaction of hydrogen it with a compressor 26 via a sub-sea pipeline is served on the ground (receiving) complex V.

Oxygen from EU 34 also served on capacitor 27 and after liquefaction by means of the compressor 28 via a sub-sea pipeline is served on the ground (receiving) complex V.

The creation of MES and its operation can solve a complex series of environmental and economic objectives. To environmental challenges include reservedartist the Black sea basin, cleaning coastal areas from organic pollutants and the production of environmentally friendly fuel for use in land transport Maritime (especially the resort towns.

Economic goals include obtaining inexpensive chemical raw materials, sulfur and sea salt, and oxygen for construction, industrial and medical purposes.

The creation of a significant number of Messana and increase the number of vacationers and tourists.

High concentration of environmentally friendly sources and energy consumers is useful from the point of view of training and practice of future specialists-ecologists.

Mass production of MEAs give a significant impetus to scientific and technical progress to improve the device and reduction of environmentally friendly sources of energy, including the creation of environmentally friendly transport.

MES is an entirely new type of environmental enterprise of the XXI century in virtue of its inherent characteristics. These include a high degree of legal independence, as its activity is based on the use of public property: the Maritime territory, natural factors, sea water, solar energy, hydrosphere, atmosphere belonging exclusively to the state. This includes its exclusive economic independence as its activity does not practically depend on the performance of the external environment and develop environmental products independently without the supply of raw materials and energy from the outside. And finally, MES operates on a closed cycle in failsafe mode, i.e. do not damage the environment, but rather contributes to its improved the student energy electrolysis cell c electrodes for hydrogen production from sea water, which is connected with the block liquefaction of hydrogen, block fence deep water and the connection lines, wherein the source of energy used wind power installation, photovoltaic plant, hydroelectric plant, fuel and chemical elemental station, with the possibility of use as a fuel, hydrogen, batteries, and the unit of sampling deep-sea water consists of deep intake pipe with filter held by the anchor to the desired depth, and the second end of the intake deepwater pipeline connected with swimming deservedness containing compartment with a vacuum pump, coupled with bathroom deservedness with low-temperature heater, the glass dome and the compressor with the possibility of transfer of hydrogen sulfide in totalizer, which has the possibility of selection crystalline sulfur in the tank for collection of crystalline sulfur, and hydrogen in the fuel and chemical elemental station and block liquefaction of hydrogen through the hydrogen receiver, where, in addition, receives hydrogen from electrolysis units light through the PRS, with the possibility of removal of oxygen in sea water and the supply of liquid oxygen transfer station liquid hydrogen and oxygen through the collection point for the storage of liquid oxygen, and the block liquefaction of hydrogen has the opportunity to apply liquid hydrogen at a collection point for the storage of liquid hydrogen through the compressor.

2. Marine ecology station under item 1, characterized in that the wind power installation, photovoltaic plant, hydroelectric plant, fuel and chemical elemental station, the battery is connected through the regulation and distribution of electrical energy from the vacuum pump, the low-temperature heater, compressors, electrodes, block liquefaction of hydrogen and block liquefaction of oxygen.

3. Marine ecology station under item 1, characterized in that the energy complex, block fence deep water, complex processing of sea-water, the unit of processing and delivery of products of processing are located on the pontoons attached to the anchors or the platform installed on the piles.

 

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