The way to create a stone coastal mounting

 

Usage: hydro-technical construction, but rather in creating the stone coast fastening mainly on rivers with large ranges of fluctuations in water levels and/or with banks, rugged ravines. When creating coastal mounting of the stone material build tiered along the fixed section of the shore of the prism, the bottom of which is placed on the bottom of the reservoir, and each subsequent erect after filling melcockleternm soil sinus between the previous prism and the shore, and have it partially on the crest of a previous prism, and partly on melkogalechno ground sinus. Filling the sinuses produce the products of erosion of the shore waters of the reservoir and surface runoff, which falls in the bosom of the water precipitated in the form brought on top of the sediment. A layer construction of prisms produce as long as there is no stone shore mount on all its height. If within dockable shore of the reservoir ravine, the prism of the next tier in height erected with intensity, providing excess crest of the prism above the adjoining surface sediment "cone". The invention improves the effect of the finding relates to hydraulic construction and can be used to create stone coast fastening mainly on rivers with large ranges of fluctuations in water levels and/or with banks, the rugged ravines.

There is a method of creating stone coast fastening, consisting in laying stone material on pre-planned and aligned slope (Hydraulic structures. Guide designer /under the General editorship of C. P. Niedrige. M.: stroiizdat, 1983, S. 211-212).

In the known method the layout and alignment of the slope, as well as the styling and layout of the material should be carried out in all fixed surface of a slope that increases, especially in the presence of gullies, the volume of construction works, as is inevitable when planning the slope of the decrease of its resistance to erosion leads to the compactness of the timing of these works is one mezhpavodkovye period.

There is also known a method of creating stone coast fasteners, including the erection of the stone material of the prisms, tiered along the dockable shore of the reservoir, the bottom of which is placed on the bottom of the reservoir, and each subsequent height of the prism erect after filling melcockleternm soil sinus between the previous prism and the shore and have it partially on the crest of a previous prism, and partly on melkogalechno ground sinus (Waterworks. H 2. / Ed. by M. M is aniu coastal mounting because of the need to fill the cavities completely materials, the volumes are particularly high in the presence of within dockable shore ravines.

The technical result from the use of the invention is to improve the efficiency by reducing the consumption of materials for the creation of coastal fastening.

This technical result is achieved due to the fact that in the known method of creating stone coast fasteners, including the erection of the stone material of the prisms, tiered along the dockable shore of the reservoir, the bottom of which is placed on the bottom of the reservoir, and each subsequent height of the prism erect after filling melcockleternm soil sinus between the previous prism and the shore and have it partially on the crest of a previous prism, and partly on melkogalechno ground sinuses, according to the invention the sinus is filled with products of erosion of the shore waters of the reservoir and surface runoff, drop down into the bosom of the water precipitated in the form brought on top of the sediment. If within dockable shore of the ravine in the place of education in the sinus and the mouth of the ravine "cone" of sediment brought by the ravine of surface runoff, the prism of the next tier erect with intensivetherapy river water elevations (above attachment) perform spillway ditch with vent part within dockable shore, and at the mouth of the ravine from krupnotsvetnogo soil invent Yekaterinburg, which is placed on the sediment "cone", with its waste part of the match with the ravine.

The main distinguishing feature of the proposed method is filling the sinus products of erosion of the shore waters of the reservoir and surface runoff, drop down in the bosom of the water precipitated in the form brought on top of the sediment. This allows you to fill the sinuses naturally without effort and without the use of imported materials, and in the case of the ravine is also a natural way to translate it into the hollow.

The proposed method is illustrated by drawings, which depict: - Fig.1 - plan of the fixed portion at the intermediate stage of a stone shore fastening; Fig.2 - section a-a in Fig.1; Fig.3 - section b-B in Fig.1.

First, at a slope of 1 (Fig. 1) dissolving the shore 2 river 3 at its bottom 4 (Fig. 2) and near edge 5 low 6 along the shore 2 of riprap erecting prism 7 of the first tier with the formation of sinus 8 between the prism 7 and the shore 2. Sinus 8 fill naturally with products of erosion of the banks 2, which falls into the cavities 8 of the water precipitated in the form macosclassic load of 9.1. After that erect the prism 11 of the second tier with the formation of sinus 12. The prism 11 have partially on the crest of the underlying prism 7, and partially on the load 9. Similarly, after filling with sediment 9 sinus 12 erect prism 13 of the third layer with the formation of sinus 14 (Fig.2, the prism 13 is shown by the dotted line). In the process of filling cavities 8, 12 and 14 sediment 9 surface breakage 1 deforms from its initial position 1H to the final 1K.

After filling the cavities 14 sediment 9 coast 2 level to a predetermined surface 15 (Fig.2 and 3, the surface shown by the dotted line) and the erect prism of the fourth tier in the form of a rock embankment mounting surface 16 of the slope 17 in the zone of the high 10 levels of water in the river 3.

When creating coastal fastening with transient sand and gravel layer 18 is separated by the prism 7, 11 and 13 from the load 9, and rock fill the bracket 16 from the material of the slope 17.

In the place of education in the axils of 8, 12 and 14 and at the mouth 19 of the ravine 20 "cone" 21 of the load 9, bring the top surface runoff on Glen 20, prisms 7, 11 and 13 layers respectively I, II, III erected a timely manner and with intensity, providing excess crest of the prism above the adjoining surface sediment 9 "cone inmeans its outlet part 23 match with ravine 20. After filling the cavities 14 sediment 9 "cone" 21 at the mouth 19 of the ravine from 20 krupnotsvetnogo soil (small stone, gravel and other) erect filtering carpenter 24, which have these sediments 9 (Fig.3).

Timely construction of the prisms 7, 11 and 13 almost completely prevents the removal of the products of erosion of the Bank 2 in the riverbed 3, which eventually leads to the complete cessation of erosion of the shore 2. While the cost of creating attachment to a considerable extent carried over a long time period calculated in many years. At the same time is the elimination of the ravine due to the reorganization of the ravine in the trough of polozenie naturally sides in the process of filling the ravine products of erosion, the removal of which from the ravine prevents filter Yekaterinburg 24.

Claims

1. The way to create the stone coast fasteners, including the erection of the stone material of the prisms, tiered along the dockable shore of the reservoir, the bottom of which is placed on the bottom of the reservoir, and each subsequent height of the prism erect after filling melcockleternm soil sinus between the previous prism and the shore and have it partially on Greb is silt shore waters of the reservoir and surface runoff, drop down into the bosom of the water precipitated in the form brought on top of the sediment.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that in case of presence within dockable shore of the reservoir ravine in the place of education in the sinus and the mouth of the ravine “cone” of sediment brought by the ravine of surface runoff, the prism of the next tier erect with intensity, providing excess crest of the prism above the adjacent surface of the sediment.

3. The method according to PP.1 and 2, characterized in that along the coast on the flood-free river water elevations perform the drainage ditch with a discharge part within dockable shore.

4. The method according to p. 2, characterized in that the mouth of the ravine from krupnotsvetnogo soil invent Yekaterinburg, which is placed on the sediment “cone”.

5. The method according to PP.2 and 3, characterized in that the drainage ditch through its discharge side match with the ravine.

 

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3 dwg

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