Polyfunctional complete removable dental prosthesis

 

The invention relates to medicine, namely to prosthetic dentistry, in particular to the manufacture of removable prostheses in the complete loss of teeth. The construction of removable dental prosthesis contains a capillary-porous metal layer coated on one side with an elastic layer, a hard acrylic base denture with artificial teeth, located on the opposite side. Hard acrylic base denture connected with capillary-porous metal layer through the insulating layer. In capillary-porous metal layer are cumulative cavity on the outer surface of the hard acrylic denture bases is the electric contact element, elastic sing executed capillary-porous with numerous capillary-porous protrusions on the outer surface, the average pore size of the elastic layer is less than the average pore size of the metal layer. The technical result - the provision of care and antiseptic effect on the mucous membrane of the mouth and prevent bad breath. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to medicine, namely to prosthetic dentistry, in particular, to the manufacture of tyuleniy hard basis of dentures made of acrylic plastic, in particular polymethyl methacrylate, almost never achieved 100% polymerization. And methyl ester of methacrylic acid monomer, in principle, is a poison. For skin and mucous membrane of the oral cavity monomer is a strong irritant, which rapidly inhibits protective barriers that cause dental-patie patients. To avoid toxic - allergic effect of monomer on the mucous membrane of the mouth, on the inner surface of the prosthetic base is applied a protective layer of varnish (see A. C. 1688863 the USSR, MKI5And 61 With 13/09) or metal (see A. C. 1680142 the USSR, MKI5AND 61 WITH 13/02).

To prevent bad smell from the mouth, tooth or prosthetic device fixed minemast with aromatic substance or refreshing (see patent 2127094 RF, MPK6AND 61 WITH 13/00).

To improve the fixation of the prosthesis, redistribution of masticatory load during function, reduce the period of adaptation to the prosthesis, as well as to obtain a massage effect on the inner surface of the prosthetic base put elastic layer with rectangular tabs on the entire surface, not reaching edge 3-5mm (see patent 2112458 RF, MPK6AND 61 WITH 13/00, 13/07).

Treatment of gum disease and SL is and.

Counterparts, the purpose and description of the invention.

A device containing a removable dental prosthesis and a reservoir with a capillary-porous material impregnated with a substance having an aromatic or refreshing effect (see patent 2127094 RF, MPK6AND 61 WITH 13/00).

The device has the following disadvantages: finding capacity outside of the prosthesis leads to the inconvenience of its use; there is a possibility of getting the vessel into the esophagus or throat of a person, there is no opportunity to provide healing and antiseptic effect on the mucous membrane of the mouth.

Closest to the proposed polyfunctional complete removable dental prosthesis in essential features for a prosthesis (see patent 2132661 RF, MPK6And 61 With 13/06), which contains a capillary-porous metal layer coated on one side with an elastic layer, a hard acrylic base denture with artificial teeth, located on the opposite side.

This prosthesis has the following drawback: there is no opportunity to provide healing and antiseptic effect on the mucous membrane of the mouth and prevent bad breath.

Isock mouth, security prevent unpleasant mouth odor.

This task is achieved by the fact that in removable dental prosthesis containing capillary - porous metal layer coated on one side with an elastic layer, a hard acrylic base denture with artificial teeth, located on the opposite side, hard acrylic base denture connected with capillary - porous metal layer through the insulating layer, in capillary - porous metal layer are cumulative cavity on the outer surface of the hard acrylic denture bases located electrical contact element connected to the capillary - porous metal layer, the elastic layer is made of a capillary - porous with numerous capillary - porous protrusions on the outer surface, the average pore size of the elastic layer is less than the average pore size of the metal layer.

Introduction to the design of the prosthesis of the insulating layer is needed. to the monomer of the hard acrylic denture bases did not penetrate through the capillary - porous metal layer and capillary-porous elastic layer and had no toxic or allergic effects on the mucous membrane of the mouth Palast is iPhone in chloroform on the metal layer after the filling of the pores with water.

Introduction in capillary - porous metal layer cumulative cavities it is necessary to increase the amount of, for example, a liquid medication, cumulative in the prosthesis. This can be accomplished, for example, as follows: plasma spraying capillary-porous metal layer of titanium is performed in two stages; after the first stage, the coating layer include particles of sodium chloride to produce the second phase deposition; expanded water through capillary - porous metal layer, the sodium chloride dissolves in water and is removed from the metal layer. Another option: after the first stage of deposition, the deposited layer have a concave mesh elements from titanium concave surface to the deposited layer. The thickness of the metal layer may be, for example, 400. The average cumulative size of the cavities may be, for example, 150 MCR.

The execution of the elastic layer of the capillary - porous, it is necessary to: liquid medication or flavoring solution became possible to upload in capillary - porous metal layer using electroosmotic effect; to enter the liquid medication from the prosthesis to the mucous membrane of the oral cavity in Procer may be, for example, 10 μm.

Introduction to design electrical contact element is needed in order to be able to use electroosmotic pressure, after application to the electric contact element of positive or negative potential from the DC source. In the case of application to the electric contact element of positive potential, and the mucosa of the oral cavity is a negative potential, which significantly increases the yield of liquid medication from the prosthesis to the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. The larger the potential difference, the greater the flow rate of the medication. For the implementation of the electroosmotic effect in the prosthesis enough as a constant current source, to use the standard item power supply (battery) voltage from 1.2 to 3.6 V.

The running average pore size elastic layer is less than the average pore size of the metal layer, it is necessary to ensure that under the influence of capillary forces were samosatene, for example, a liquid medication from the prosthesis to the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. Speed samosatene medication depends on the size of the pores of the elastic layer, and the ratio of pore sizes elastic and the Fig.2B - options for connecting the prosthesis to the source of electric current. Thus: 1 - hard acrylic base denture; 2 - insulation layer; 3 - capillary - porous metal layer; 4 - capillary - porous elastic layer; 5 - cumulative cavity; 6 - electric contact element; 7 - capillary - porous protrusions capillary - porous elastic layer 4; 8 - the surface of the oral cavity; 9 - DC electric current; 10 - a piece of the prosthesis; 11 - solution medication or flavoring substances.

The construction of removable dental prosthesis consists of series-connected hard acrylic denture bases 1 with artificial teeth (conventionally not shown), the insulating layer 2, the capillary - porous metal layer 3, the capillary - porous elastic layer 4. Capillary - porous metal layer 3 contains the cumulative cavity 5 and is connected to the electric contact element 6 extending to the outer surface of the hard acrylic denture bases 1. Capillary - porous elastic layer 4 has a capillary - porous protrusions 7.

The method of application of the proposed multifunctional full removable denture is as follows.

To contact element 6 of the prosthesis is carstvo or flavouring substances, dipped positive output of the DC electric current 9 (see Fig.2A). As a result of osmotic and electroosmotic forces is accelerated filling solution, for example, drugs long capillary - porous metal layer 3, the capillary - porous elastic layer 4, the capillary - porous protrusions 7 and cumulative cavities 5.

Further, the prosthesis appropriately fixed in the oral cavity. In the result of samosatene, medication or flavoring substance evenly over the area and gradually allocated to the mucous membrane of the oral cavity associated with the prosthesis. To accelerate the expiration of the medication or flavoring substance, a source of direct electric current 9 is connected according to Fig.2B. Increasing or decreasing the output voltage of the DC electric current 9, accelerate or decelerate the expiration of medication or flavoring substances from the prosthesis.

To accelerate the expiration of the medication or aromatize-regulating substances, without the use of a source of direct electric current 9, it is enough to perform the chewing motion of the jaws. When the compression jaws capillary - porous protrusions 7 are included in kisitu the second layer 4 with capillary porous protrusions 7 and the mucous membrane of the oral cavity 8 and a region of low pressure. This reduced pressure causes the acceleration of the process of expiry of drugs.

To stop the output of the prosthesis drug solution on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, it is necessary to change the polarity of Fig.2B connect to the DC source.

The advantages of the proposed design of the prosthesis allows: - to use the internal structure of the prosthesis as the battery medicinal or flavoring solution; - uniformly to influence a medical solution to the mucous membrane, coupled with the prosthesis; - to periodically fill the internal structure of the prosthesis medicinal or flavoring solution; - to increase the output of the prosthesis medicinal or flavoring solution to the mucous membrane of the oral cavity when performing chewing movements of the jaw; - to further increase the output of the prosthesis drug solution on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity when connected to the constant current source; - to stop the output of the prosthesis drug solution on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity after connection to the power constant is m voltage DC source.

In addition, the proposed design of the prosthesis provides such well-known functions such as: - protection of the oral cavity from the exit of the prosthesis methyl ester of methacrylic acid; - improving the fixation of the prosthesis;
- uniform redistribution of the masticatory load on the prosthetic bed;
- noninvasive condition in areas of atrophic mucosa covering torus, exostosis and bony prominences;
- getting a massage effect when performing chewing movements of the jaw;
- obtaining a complex of positive factors that improve the trophic tissue prosthetic bed and deceleration of atrophic processes in the jaws, especially in the areas of active osteogenesis.

- improved durability of the prosthesis;
- reduction of the adaptation period for the patient.


Claims

1. Polyfunctional complete removable dental prosthesis comprising a metal layer coated on one side with an elastic layer, a hard acrylic base denture with artificial teeth, located on the opposite side, characterized in that the metal layer is made of a capillary-porous, contains the internal storage cavity and connected to gestate is the electric contact element, the elastic layer is made of a capillary-porous with numerous capillary-porous protrusions on the outer surface, the average pore size of the elastic layer is less than the average pore size of the metal layer.

2. The prosthesis under item 1, characterized in that the contact element is made of magnetic material.

 

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FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves using obturating prosthesis having basic and auxiliary surface connected to each other with additional anterior, posterior and two lateral vertically arranged surfaces forming a cavity. The anterior and posterior vertically arranged surfaces have slot-like recesses. Reference notch marks are produced on the auxiliary surface near nose. The alveolar process is manufactured as base and wall. Reference notch marks are produced on the base. Wall has holes for making process lightweight. Teeth are set on the wall.

EFFECT: simplified prosthesis design.

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FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves basic and auxiliary horizontally arranged surfaces joined by means of additional frontal, back and two lateral vertically arranged surfaces with a plane being formed. The frontal and back vertically arranged surfaces have recesses as retention grooves. Reference notches are made in the nose area on auxiliary surface. The alveolar process is manufactured base and wall. The base has reference notches. The wall has openings for reducing process weight. Teeth are mounted on the wall. Three openings arranged as triangle which base is turned towards pharynx are produced in auxiliary surface of the obturator prosthesis. Metal containers having matrices pressed into them are introduced into the openings. Three openings arranged as triangle which base is turned towards pharynx are produced on the base bottom. Pedicles (flow gates) having retention notches are mounted in the openings. Each flow gate ends in patrix engageable with corresponding matrix.

EFFECT: simplified and reliable method for fixing alveolar process.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has partial removable palatine plate prosthesis bearing artificial temporary. The palatine plate has an anterior and two lateral segments connected to each other by means of screw in the anterior palatine fornix region allowing autonomous displacement. Cramp iron members are set on the fangs and on the boundary separating the anterior and lateral segments and on the second temporary molars. Shield for moving upper lip aside is placed in the area of dental arch defect along alveolar process with anterior segment. The shield forms slit between shield surface and gingiva. The shield is stretched to contact point of fang to the first permanent molar. Shield edge is made oval and congruent to transit fold contour.

EFFECT: cosmetically full-valued substitution of upper dental arch defect.

3 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves producing maxillary defect imprint, manufacturing its plaster model and modeling wax pattern of obturator prosthesis. The model is compressed with single basis wax layer. Recess is formed on the palatine part corresponding to defect shape. The basis and wax copy of artificial alveolar process is modeled and teeth setting is carried out. Plate is produced from basis wax as a cover closing the recess formed on the palatine part. The cover models the palatine fornix in which a hole of 10-15 mm large diameter is produced. The plate is fixed with wax on defect edges. The so modeled hollow obturator prosthesis is plastered into cuvette composed of two parts - bottom and cover. Model with obturator prosthesis in vertical position is plastered into lower cuvette part. Upper cuvette part is set and filled with liquid gypsum on vibrating table. Gypsum flows inside of obturator through an opening in palatine part. Metal wire loop is introduced into the obturator through an opening in wax plate. Wire diameter is 1.0-1.5 mm as large. The cuvette is hold to achieve full hardening of gypsum. The cuvette is opened after removing wax by applying evaporation method. Obturator model and upper cuvette part are filled with dough-like plastic. Both parts of the cuvette is joined and pressed in vertical direction using bench press. The plastic is polymerized. The prosthesis is removed from the cuvette. Gypsum and reinforcing wire are removed from the cuvette through the palatine part opening. The opening is closed with self-hardening plastic. The prosthesis is filed and polished and fitted in the oral cavity.

EFFECT: improved strength properties; exact correspondence to prosthesis bed.

10 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves manufacturing silicon cliché stensil for reproducing morphologic pattern of palatine surface of removable maxillary plate prosthesis base and individual pattern of transverse palatine sulci. The cliché stensil is a fragment of adjusted double anatomical maxilla impression with imprint of individual pattern of transverse palatine sulci. To do it, adjusted double anatomical maxilla imprint is to be produced using imprint silicone mass. After having produced the impression, palatine surface fragment is cut out from it. Wax is heated on oral side at the laboratory stage for manufacturing removable plate prosthesis when modeling removable final wax reproduction of maxillary plate prosthesis base; and the palatine surface is printed by means of earlier produced cliché stensil.

EFFECT: high accuracy in reproducing of individual palatine sulci pattern; full-valued rehabilitation of patients with partially or completely failing teeth.

FIELD: orthopedic stomatology.

SUBSTANCE: method of forming elastic silicone substrate on rigid plastic basis consists in that mechanically and chemically treated surface of rigid basis adjusting to prosthetic bed is moistened with monomer being a member of basis plastic composition, dried, and coated with adhesive primer. After 1 min pause, basis is introduced for 3-4 min into microwave field emitted by source with power 450-600 W. After microwave treatment, surface is coated by cold-cured elastomer and substrate layer is then formed in mouth cavity. Adhesive strength of layer is thus increased by more than 1.5-2 times when compared to conventional method.

EFFECT: increased strength of bond between soft substrate and rigid plastic basis, and prolonged service time of denture.

1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine; orthopedics.

SUBSTANCE: compound-jam post-resection denture can be used for making compound-jam prosthetic appliances for patients having wide defects of tissues of jam-face area. Denture is made in form of removable construction which has fixing, substituting and hollow sealing parts. Groove is made additionally in denture which groove locates onto top surface of sealing part. There is also channel passing through denture which has input being made inside the groove. Output of channel is disposed between second pre-molar and first pre-molar inside interior to provide muscular retention of denture. Bottom of the groove is made to have inclination to input of channel.

EFFECT: possibility of self-release of liquid stored onto top part of sealing part of denture.

1 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves is fulfilled in two stages. Collapsible structure of temporary combined gnathic prosthesis is manufactured at the first stage during the first two months. The prosthesis has two obturating parts having surfaces congruent to defect cavity manufactured from flexible plastic and removable full laminar dental prosthesis having locking thrusting member manufactured by means of transfer molding. The second stage involves manufacturing permanent one-piece removable combined gnathic prosthesis using transfer molding method after holding during 5-6 months to eliminate muscle contracture and form prosthesis bed. The prosthesis has hollow obturating part and full removable laminar dental prosthesis.

EFFECT: simplified production process; early stage cancer patient rehabilitation in half-maxilla resection cases.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves covering dental structures or prostheses with ribbon manufactured from fibers and coating it with filling material layer. The ribbon is manufactured from fluorine-containing copolymer monofiber of circular cross-section woven as ribbon as it is shown on dwg 1.

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2 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has double layer base and artificial teeth. Base layer, facing prosthesis bed having external edges positioned in active movable part of mucous membrane in making engagement to transition vault fold enveloping upper lip frenulum and buccal folds with closing valve being formed, is manufactured from superelastic titanium nickelide. The base layer compensating alveolar process bone tissue atrophy is manufactured from acrylic plastic.

EFFECT: accelerated adaptation period; improved strength characteristics.

19 dwg

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