Composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarn
The invention relates to the processing of textile fibers and yarn. Compound for the treatment contains, wt%: the polyethylene glycol - 400 55-60, monoalkyl ethers of polyethylene glycol on the basis of fatty acids 25-30, triethanolamine 3-7, acetic acid (25%) 7-13. The technical result - the high coefficient of adhesion of the fibers in the yarn. table 1. Technical FIELD the Invention relates to the field of treatment of textile fibers and yarn (wool, synthetic, and mixtures thereof) and may find application in all the factories and mills producing wool and wool blend fabrics.The prior art water-in-oil solutions for processing wool and blends with synthetic yarn containing mineral oil - Ipastat SHL (TK 55-200) and the Sizing B-73 (TU 6-14-99-80), produced by the plant "Khimprom", Ivanovo). The disadvantages of such water-in-oil emulsions are low values of coefficient of static friction between the treated fibers (grip), which leads to slippage of the fibers and the destruction of the yarn. In addition, an increasing number of detergents to remove the mineral oil in the further processing of the yarn and the necessity of catching Mineralny drugs, does not contain mineral oils and fats, which include Versalit CP (TU 2484-157-05744685-98) supplied by the plant "ivhimprom." The concentrate of this drug is based liquid waxes and emulsifiers. The concentrate is dissolved for processing yarn in hot water, the emulsion obtained is stable for days, which complicates the technology of preparation of the solution and work with him. The disadvantages of this solution include low coefficient of static friction (the coefficient of coupling fiber) - to 15.2 and high coefficient of sliding friction of the treated yarn-to-metal fittings - of 0.332.These same disadvantages of a sizing solution for processing fibers LeoninoSN (firm "Hoechst"; informalist "Hoechst AG" D-6230 Frankfurt am main, 80).Closest to the claimed technical solution on a set of attributes, that is, the prototype is a composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarn (patent EP A, MPK7 D 06 M 13/46, 23.05.1984).Composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarn contains the following components, wt.%: Auxiliary polyethylene - 10-30 Cationic emulsifier - 3-10 Lower carboxylic acid or hydroxyl carboxylic acids with 1-4 C - atoms - 1-5 the alcohol with 1-20 C - atoms - 0-8 Amidopolyamine fatty acids - 0-10 Adduct of ethylene oxide higher alcohols with 8-22 C - atoms - 0-5
Dimethylpolysiloxane dispersion with 30% active substance - 0-3
A protective colloid (polyvinyl alcohol) - 0-1
Water Up to 100
The concentrate dissolves only in hot water. The disadvantage is the low coefficient of adhesion of the treated fibers and 14.9. In addition, after the processing of the yarn in the solution of the prototype on the canvas remain white stripes on the basis that were not deleted when the welding tissue and require additional flushing.The INVENTION
Inventive task was to develop a composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarns, providing a high coefficient of adhesion of the fibers in the yarn (the coefficient of static friction and a low coefficient of friction of the yarn processed in solution, metal machines (coefficient of sliding friction), and additional benefits, namely: low yarn breakage, increased physical-mechanical properties (tensile strength, elongation, elasticity), the reduced yarn defects (pusenje threads, shiboski", "jumper", and so on), the lines on the canvas from the processing composition.This object is achieved by b the s of glycol on the basis of primary fatty acids, as well as acetic acid and triethanolamine, in the following ratio, wt. %:
The polyethylene glycol-400 - 55-60
Monoalkyl ethers of polyethylene glycol on the basis of primary fatty acids 25-30
Triethanolamine - 3-7
Acetic acid 25% - 7-13
Polyethylene glycol with molecular weight of 400 (PEG-400) manufactured according to TU 2483-167-05757587-2000 and is used in the invention as a plasticizer.Monoalkyl ethers of polyethylene glycol based on the primary fatty acid produced according to GOST 10730-64 called OS-20. The purpose of the preparation of OS-20-antistatic.Triethanolamine corresponds to THE 6-09-2448-72.Acetic acid (CH3COOH) commercially manufactured according to GOST 61-75.The use of declared essential features allows to obtain a technical result achieved, namely:
to increase the grip processed in the structure of the wool fibers, synthetic yarn and their mixtures (static friction coefficient) 1.1-1.2 times and reduce the coefficient of friction of the yarn on metal machines during processing (coefficient of sliding friction) 1,17-1.3 times, to reduce breakage of the yarn in the 2.0-2.5 times.INFORMATION CONFIRMING the POSSIBILITY of Ivago ether of polyethylene glycol on the basis of primary fatty acids placed in a glass or enamel bowl and heat on a water bath at a temperature of 70-80oWith up to full fusion monoalkyl ether of polyethylene glycol on the basis of primary fatty acids. The mixture was thoroughly stirred, after which the heated end. Warm the mixture was added 7 g (7 wt.%) triethanolamine and 13 g (13 wt.%) acetic acid (25%), after which the mixture is again stirred. After cooling, get a composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarns in the form of paste ivory.Example 2. 58 g (58 wt.%) PEG-40 and 27 g (27 wt.%) monoalkyl ether of polyethylene glycol is heated in a glass or enamel pot to melt monoalkyl ether of polyethylene glycol, carefully mix the mixture and turn off heat. Warm the mixture was added 5 g (5 wt.%) triethanolamine and 10 g (10 wt.%) acetic acid (25%) and mix thoroughly blend. The mixture is ready for use as a composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarn.Example 3. 60 g (60 wt.%) PEG-400 and 30 g (30 wt%) monoalkyl ether of polyethylene glycol is heated in a water bath in a glass or enamel pot until complete melting monoalkyl ether and carefully mix the mixture. The heating off and the warm mixture was added 3 g (3 wt.%) triethanolamine and 7 g (7 wt.%) acetic acid (25% of the tal.The resulting compositions for the treatment of textile fibers (in paste form) is stable for 30 days (do not change the properties, not melted), the active substance is 100%.When using the obtained compositions in paste form simplifies the technology of preparation of solutions for the processing of fibres and yarn, because to obtain solutions of the individual components of the dissolution of the components are at a temperature of 80-90oWith the composition in paste form is dissolved in water at a temperature of 40-45oC. the Duration of the process of obtaining a solution for the treatment of textile fibers and yarn from individual components 1.5 times the time of receipt of a solution of the compounds in examples 1-3.For oiling textile fibers, preventing their pusenje and slippage relative to each other, apply 2-4% aqueous solutions of the composition in examples 1-3; for emulsione yarn (the process of preparation of the warp for weaving) apply 1-2% aqueous solutions of the composition in examples 1-3.Solutions of the compounds for the treatment of textile fibers and yarn receive the following way.1 g of the composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarn (in paste form) obtained in example 1, placed in a glass dish, we use the get 1% solution for processing yarn. In the same way received 1% solutions of the compounds for the treatment of textile fibers and yarns in examples 2 and 3.2 g of the composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarns in examples 1-3 with 98 g of water, heated under stirring until complete mutual dissolution, give a 2% solution, which is treated fiber and yarn.These solutions have a pH of 6.5 to 7.2, the kinematic viscosity at 20oWith - 1,45-1,55 SST, surface tension - 44-46 MN/m, the stability of solutions - not less than 24 hoursThe obtained solutions of the compounds for the treatment of textile fibers and yarns were tested on plants: the coefficient of static friction (the coefficient of coupling fibers) was determined on a tensile testing machine RM-3, the coefficient of sliding friction of the yarn on metal - on device TCI-26-1 (firm Metromix"). Breakage of the yarn was determined visually on the weaving looms STB-2-175, STB-2-330, STB-4-180.The results are given in the table.The table shows that after treatment in solutions of the coefficient of adhesion of the fibers increased in comparison with the prototype, 1.13-1.17 times the coefficient of sliding friction of the yarn on metal decreased to 1.16-1.26 times.The solutions obtained from the inventive composition for treatment of fibers and yarns, and were the tion held by the contact method on the warping-tape and stills-emulsion machines. For the processing solution used blended yarn: wool - polyester with wool from 35 to 65%.Humidity main yarn increased after treatment in the solution to 15-16% (norm 9-18%). Breakage of the yarn on the machines STB 2-175, STB 2-330, STB 4-180 decreased to 0.09 breakages/m (average), at a rate of not more than 0.35 arr. /m qualitative indicators Improved yarn: breaking load, elongation, elasticity, smoothness.Practically disappeared yarn defects that occur when the friction siteprovides metal tools and machines: "shiboski", pusenje filaments, the formation of "bridges", etc.Since solutions with PEG-400 colorless, then on the canvas no bands from the emulsion and process of finishing fabric is unchanged.The advantages of the proposed composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarn can be also reduced to 2 times the temperature of dissolution of the composition and the stability properties of the composition within 30 days.
Composition for the treatment of textile fibers and yarn, containing acetic acid, comprising the plasticizer, antistatic agent, characterized in that the plasticizer used polyethylene glycol-400, the quality of the flax includes triethanolamine in the following ratio of components, wt.%:The polyethylene glycol - 400 55-60Monoalkyl ethers of polyethylene glycol on the basis of primary fatty acids 25-30Triethanolamine 3-7Acetic acid 25% 7-13
FIELD: textile industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technology of manufacturing sewing threads, in particular to treating sewing threads with composition to impart sweet-smelling properties, and can be used at thread enterprises manufacturing synthetic and cotton threads, which can be used for sewing clothes. Composition contains, wt %: paraffin 25-55, stearin 18-32, low-molecular weight methylvinylsiloxane rubber 20-33, bee wax 3-6, triethanolamine 3.5-4.9, and aromatizer 0.05-0,5.
EFFECT: improved consumer properties of product.
4 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textile industry, in particular lubrication of wood, wood fiber or mixtures thereof with synthetic fibers.
SUBSTANCE: claimed oil-based agent contains oleic acid and triethanolamine. As oily base transformer oil is used. Compositions may also contain one or two antistatics, emulsifier and doping agent. Moreover composition additionally contains 0.1 % ampicillin aqueous solution in ethanol in amount of 0.001 % (based on composition mass).
EFFECT: agent of improved physical and chemical characteristics, decreased foaming and delaminating, decreased corrosive activity and biological affect; reduced antistatic and emulsifier consumption.
4 cl, 4 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: production of protecting and corrosion-resistant materials by impregnating fibrous base with antiseptic and corrosion-resistant compounds.
SUBSTANCE: material is made in the form of low-twist yarn of flat section from bast-fiber or mixed filaments having linear density of 1,500-3,500 tex and twist rate of 20-50 per 1 m. Yarn is reinforced with high-strength thread consisting of synthetic filaments having linear density of 60-120 tex or bast-fiber filaments having linear density of 200-600 tex. Rupture load of reinforcing thread is 30-60% of rupture load of yarn. Material is also impregnated with compound including 12-28 wt% of liquid non-volatile or low-volatile low-viscosity petroleum products used as filler, 0.2-1.5 wt% of product of reaction of aromatic hydrocarbons with isobutylene as antiseptic.
EFFECT: increased workability and covering capacity, high fungi-resistance and strength, in particular, on usage of jute filament and Capron thread, and impregnation compound based on transformer oil and antiseptic.
5 cl, 1 tbl, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cordage protected from action of external medium. Proposed method of treatment includes application of treatment compound with gradually winding off cordage article submerged in said compound and pulling article through compound at speed providing required preset depth of impregnation. Then cordage article is passed through draw plate and squeezed out. Squeezed out article is wound on drum. Temperature of treatment compound is maintained at level of 70-75°. Compound contains paraffin. Use is made of degreased paraffin into which mineral oil is additionally introduced at the following ratio of components, mass %: degreased paraffin 85-90; mineral oil 15-10. Device is furnished with means for application of treatment compound made in from of cylindrical channel. Said channel is arranged coaxially to cylinder with heat carrier furnished with heat sensor and connected with reservoir for heating of heat carrier. Cylindrical channel for application of treatment compound is connected at one side with reservoir with heated treatment compound, and at other side it is furnished with draw arranged at outlet end of cylindrical channel. Device proper is furnished with winding off and winding on drums.
EFFECT: provision of cordage impregnated with treatment compound through entire thickness of article.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: textile fabrics, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to treatment of cordage used in industrial fishing. Article is submerged into composition for treatment and pulled through it. Composition contains latex BSM-65 of A or B brand, wax emulsion VE-40, water and dye, if required. Then article is preliminarily dried at 40±5°C, the first stage of drying is carried out at 60±10°C for 16-18 minutes. The second stage is realised at 80±10°C for 16-18 minutes and thermally treated at 130±10°C for 1.5-3.5 minutes.
EFFECT: production of flexible, plastic and brightly coloured articles.
3 cl, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the area of chemical technology of textile fiber materials and refers to the method of treatment of synthetic fiber materials in order to increase their hygienicity. Synthetic fiber materials are exposed to water solution of complex cation of chrome benzoate (III) or water solution of complex cation of aluminum benzoate or water solution of complex cation of copper benzoate (II) with concentration 0.1-0.5 mol/l for 1.5 hours at the temperature 98-100°C, hydromodule 50. Then it is washed twice with the cold water and is dried.
EFFECT: improved hygienic properties of synthetic fibers and materials.
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: emulsion of superabsorbent of water-in-oil type is applied to the yarn. Oil is a continuous oil phase and contains saturated hydrocarbons. And at least 70 wt % hydrocarbons contain 20 to 32 carbon atoms.
EFFECT: invention provides for the prevention or reduction of sedimentation of superabsorbent or oil on the guide rollers in the process of applying superabsorbent emulsion of water-in-oil type to the yarn.
6 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: textile, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method of manufacturing includes the stage 1 of preliminary oxidation of a cystine linkage (-S-S- linkage), existing in an epidermis cell of the fibre of animal origin, the stage 2 of oxidation of the preliminary oxidised -S-S- linkage with ozone for transformation of the -S-S- linkage into at least the condition of double, triple or quarternary oxidation; and the stage 3 of restoration splitting of the -S-S linkage. At the stage 2 ozone is supplied in the form of microbubbles into an aqueous solution containing an anion surfactant containing a C8-24 alkyl group, and the fibre is put in contact with ozone.
EFFECT: efficient manufacturing of a fibre of animal origin for a short period of time, which has superb resistance to subsidence, with low extent of felting when washed in a water system.
6 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: method is characterised by applying on the surface of the complex aramid thread of the processing composition comprising mineral heat resistant odorless oil with a flash point not less than 180°C; a mixture of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol as emulsifier, alkylpolyoxyethylene phosphate an antistatic agent and a preservative to protection from biological damage with the following ratio of components, wt %: heat-resistant oil - 45-60, a mixture of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol - 20-30, alkylpolyoxyethylene phosphate - 19.93-24.9, preservative 0.07-0.1. The ratio of fatty acid ether and oxyethylated fatty alcohol in the mixture is 4:1. The derivatives of isatiozolones and oxalidines are used as preservative.
EFFECT: increase in electrical conductivity properties, protection against biological damage while maintaining high physical and mechanical properties of aramid threads and exclusion of irritating odor.
4 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: textiles, paper.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the use of particles consisting of a core and a shell for coating the thread or textile material with them, to restrain or prevent wicking of water into the said thread or textile material. The particles are described, consisting of a core and a shell, for restraining or preventing the wicking of water into the thread or textile material, where the said particles have an average diameter of 10-300 nm and a mean-square deviation σ which is at least 10% of the average value, in which the shell of the particle consisting of a core and a shell comprises a copolymer of a vinyl aromatic monomer and a maleimide monomer with a glass transition temperature Tg of from 120 to 220°C. Also the thread or the textile material is described, containing aramid threads provided with a finish preparation containing diglyceride or triglyceride obtained from glycerol which is esterified with saturated or unsaturated fatty acids containing 6-20 carbon atoms, where the finished thread or textile material is provided with the above mentioned particles.
EFFECT: prevention of wicking of water in the textile material.
12 cl, 1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to membrane technology, particularly, to production of antibacterial polymer membranes to be used in water and aqueous solution treatment in food and pharmaceutical industries, and medicine. Proposed method comprises making polymer solution, forming of polymer membrane and processing with antibacterial substance. Produced membrane is dried, rinsed with water and subjected to final drying. Said antibacterial substance represents composition containing the following components in wt %: 5-10 of poorly soluble or insoluble slats of silver, 2-25 of formic acid an 65-93 of water.
EFFECT: prolonged antibacterial properties.
SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a liquid detergent composition for textile products. Described is a liquid detergent composition containing non-ionic surfactant (A), a cationic surfactant (B) and hydrogen peroxide (D) within certain intervals and water, where component (A) contains a non-ionic compound (A1) of formula (A1) in amount of 0.5 to 10 wt% of composition, weight ratio of an anionic surfactant (c1), different from a fatty acid or salt thereof, to component (B), (c1)/(B) ranges from 0 to 1, and composition has pH 3.0-7.0 at 20°C measured in accordance with standard JIS K3362:1998, section 8.3: R-O-(C2H4O)x-H (A1), where R is a linear alkyl group containing 12 carbon atoms, and has a primary carbon atom where R is bound with oxygen atom of R-O-; and x is number of moles of bonded ethyleneoxy groups and has integer values in range from 2 to 5 where Rb1 represents a chain hydrocarbon group containing from 12 to 18 carbon atoms, and may include group -(A′O)s-, where A′O represents ethyleneoxy group or propyleneoxy-group, and s is average number of moles A′O, located in range from 0 to 10; group Rb2, Rb3 and Rb4 each independently represents a methyl group, ethyl group, benzyl group or a hydroxyalkyl group containing 1-3 carbon atoms; and X- is CH3SO4 -, CH3CH2SO4 - or halogen-ion, and where component (A) contains at least one nonionic surfactant selected from surfactants of formulae (a1) and/or (a2), in amount of 10 to 60 wt%: R1a-O-[(C2H4O)p/(AO)q]H (a1), where R1a represents an alkyl or alkenyl group containing 8 to 22 carbon atoms, AO denotes alkyleneoxy-group containing 3-5 carbon atoms; p denotes average number of moles of bonded C2H4O-groups, located in range of 8-40; q denotes average number of moles of bonded AO groups located in range from 0 to 5; and “/” means that C2H4O-groups and AO group can be distributed or statistical connection, or block connection; R2a(CO)1O-[(C2H4O)m/(AO)n]R21a (a2), where R2a represents an alkyl or alkenyl group containing 8 to 22 carbon atoms; R21a represents an alkyl group containing 1-3 carbon atoms; 1 denotes a number equal to 0 or 1; AO denotes alkyleneoxy-group containing 3-5 carbon atoms; m denotes average number of moles of bonded C2H4O-groups, located in range of 5-30; n is average number of moles of bonded AO groups located in range from 0 to 5; and “/” means that C2H4O-groups and AO groups can be distributed or statistical connection, or block connection.
EFFECT: providing detergent power, which suppresses onset of specific smell, due to wet-dry state textile articles.
13 cl, 4 tbl