Method of production of crop products

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to plant breeding technology. The method involves mixing the zeolite-containing rocks Hadyzhensk deposits with nitrogen fertilizer and the soil on which to grow plants. Before mixing nitrogen fertilizer is dissolved in water, and the mixture before introduction into the soil granularit. The invention allows to reduce the consumption of nitrogen fertilizers to increase yields.

The invention relates to plant breeding technology.

There is a method of crop production, providing mixing zeolite with nitrogen fertilizer and the soil on which the plant cultivation (Babayan S., and others, Some results of application of zeolite rocks Noyemberyan field in agriculture // Use of natural zeolites in animal husbandry and crop production - Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1984, S. 95-100).

The disadvantages of this method are the use of scarce raw materials and the development of epidemics.

Closest to the present invention is a method of plant production, providing mixing realist growing plants (Shmelev, S. I., Belousov B. C., Lyashenko L. L. evaluation of the effectiveness of zeolite-containing rocks in combination with mineral fertilizers as a means of prolonging their actions and reduction of consumption of // all-Russian Symposium "Actual problems of adsorption processes - M., 1998, S. 89).

This method requires the use of less scarce raw materials and prevents the development of epidemics, but not effectively reduces the consumption of nitrogen fertilizers.

The technical result of the invention is to reduce the consumption of nitrogen fertilizers and increasing yields.

This result is achieved in that in the method of production of crop products, providing mixing zeolite-containing rocks Hadyzhensk deposits with nitrogen fertilizer and the soil, which perform growing plants, according to the invention before mixing nitrogen fertilizer is dissolved in water, and the mixture before introduction into the soil granularit.

The method is implemented as follows.

Zeolite breed Hadyzhensk deposits are crushed, avoiding the intense heat to save cenosis natural microflora. Nitrogen fertilizer is dissolved in water and then applied to the soil, at which carry out the cultivation of plants.

Contained in the rock Hadyzhensk field microflora effectively suppresses the development in the soil of phytopathogenic microflora type Fusarium, Rhizoctonia, Pythium, Ggt, which prevents the development of epidemics. Zeolite breed retards the leaching of nitrogen fertilizers.

Experimental verification of achievement of the technical result was conducted on three soil types: leached Chernozem malohumusni heavy duty, dark grey steppe soil, alluvial-meadow light loamy soil. For mixing with unsterilized zeolite breed Hadyzhensk field of the proposed method and the closest analogue used two types of nitrogen fertilizers: ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulfate. The content of zeolite-containing species in the mixtures was set to 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50% by weight. The soil mix was filled in pots when making a mixture of calculation of 0 (control), 25, 50 and 100 kg/ha nitrogen. Filled pots were moistened to 60% PPV and was kept for 3 days, and then were sown the test culture. Test cultures were the wheat varieties Kharkiv 17, winter wheat varieties Stefanka, winter barley varieties Skorokhod, securistyle at a relative humidity of 55-60% PPV within 21 days, then performed accounting of green mass, then repeated seeding and vegetation under the same conditions with regard to green mass twice more.

In another series of experiments evaluated the leaching of ammonium ions from the leached Chernozem and alluvial-meadow soils. The experiments were conducted in containers with a volume of 6 DM320 days after packing and making mixtures by washing with water. The content of ammonium ions was determined in the first two liters of wash water.

Reduction in discharge of nitrogen compared to the control found in the reference when making compositions with 20% zeolite-containing rocks have experience with 10%.

Serial threefold growing test plants on soils without fertilization leads to a significant reduction in the number of green mass, which varies for the selected test crops within 5-27% on leached Chernozem, 14-47% on dark-gray soil and 45-58% on meadow soil. When fertilizing on the closest analogue is a tendency to reduce the number of green mass is almost negligible for all the test cultures on leached Chernozem when the content of zeolite-containing rocks 20% and doses of nitrogen, 50 kg/ha on other soil types decrease silence to reduce the number of green mass vanishes on all types of soil at the dose of nitrogen and share zeolite-containing rocks from 10% by mass.

Thus, the proposed method allows to reduce the consumption of nitrogen fertilizers to increase crop yields.

Method of production of crop products, providing mixing zeolite-containing rocks Hadyzhensk deposits with nitrogen fertilizer and the soil on which the cultivation of plants, characterized in that before mixing nitrogen fertilizer is dissolved in water, and the mixture before introduction into the soil granularit.

 

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FIELD: soil restoration from formation fluid contaminants in oil recovery and transportation regions.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (mass %): chemical ameliorant 3.5-5.7; organic fertilizer 15.7-29.0; adsorbent 67.5-78.6. Method for sectioning soil treatment includes application of composition onto soil layer with 30 cm of depth. Then treated layer is shifted out of spot boundary. Opened surface is covered with composition of present invention. Then mole drainage of 60-65 cm in depth is made in soil by using mole plow or chisel plow, followed by plowing of 58-51 cm in depth and returning of sheared soil into spot.

EFFECT: effective soil restoration from formation fluid contaminants.

5 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl

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