Accelerator to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction

 

The invention relates to accelerator technology, and more particularly to accelerators used to produce a controlled thermonuclear fusion reaction. The accelerator contains start system, at least one source of charged particles, at least one vacuum chamber for accelerating charged particles, at least one accelerating electrode system, means for vacuum pumping and supply system, containing at least one high voltage generator. The accelerator further comprises the injection system of the target and at least one target, the target is connected, at least one source of charged particles, coupled with the accelerating electrodes system. The technical result - the ability to focus a powerful high-current beams of charged particles on the target for fusion. 78 C.p. f-crystals, 15 ill.

Description text in facsimile form (see graphics)I

Claims

1. Accelerator containing start system, at least one source of charged particles, at least one vacuum chamber for accelerating charged particles, at least one system El is t, at least one target and the injection system of the target, the target is connected, at least one member of the focus system, and the source of charged particles is made either in the form of an ion source, or a source of electrons, either in the form of a plasma source.

2. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the power supply system includes at least one high voltage generator.

3. The accelerator under item 2, characterized in that at least one high voltage generator is designed as a cascade generator.

4. The accelerator under item 1, wherein the focusing system comprises at least one tube liner is made about the target, the power supply system is configured to create at the ends of the tube potential difference, while the liner is connected to the electrodes connected to the target, and the tube liner is an element of the focus system.

5. The accelerator under item 2, wherein the accelerator comprises at least one pipe with liquid or gas and at least one turbine, and a turbine connected to the turbine, and the turbine generator is electrically connected to a high voltage generator.

6. The accelerator under item 4, characterized in that it contains a system of trade is the tier is made inside the tube liner and on both sides of the target made two ion accelerator.

7. The accelerator under item 2, wherein the high-voltage generator is connected to at least one source of AC voltage, which comprises a pair of induction coils, and the coils are designed with the ability to interact with other forces, electromagnetic induction, where one coil is connected to a high voltage generator, and a second coil connected to an external source of alternating voltage, between the coils is made of the insulator.

8. The accelerator under item 2 or 5, characterized in that the high-voltage generator electrically connected to the turbine, and the turbine generator made in insulating pipes with insulating liquid, and contains a turbine, which is executed inside an insulating tube with insulating liquid.

9. The accelerator under item 2, wherein the high voltage generator electrically connected to at least one power generator, which is connected to the piston system and is made with possibility to convert into electricity mechanical energy of motion of the piston, the piston system contains pistons, made in insulating pipes with insulating liquid, and at least one piston connected to us the GII, produced by a fusion reactor, and with the ability to transmit the mechanical force on a system of pistons and piston system is configured to transmit the mechanical force on the generator to generate electricity.

10. The accelerator under item 2, characterized in that it contains a capacitor and at least one high voltage generator power supply system electrically connected to the capacitor, the power supply system electrically connected to the inner capacitor plate and electrically connected to an external grounded capacitor plate, and the power supply system includes a system of high-voltage generators and executed with the opportunity to create a system of high-voltage generators, at least one high voltage input voltage inside of the condenser, to create a negative potential relative to the earth on the inner lining and support for external grounded facing the ground potential.

11. The accelerator under item 10, characterized in that the gap between the capacitor plates filled with solid insulator and the outer surface of the high-voltage generator is surrounded by a solid insulator, which is made of at least one cavity is filled with liquid the material in a single layer with a resistivity above 10 Mωm and of the material in the other layer with the electric field breakdown above 10 MV/m

13. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains a cooling system configured to cool the working elements of the accelerator containing at least one cooling circuit containing insulating pipes with insulating liquid or gas.

14. The accelerator on p. 10, or 11, or 13, characterized in that the cavity is made in a solid insulator, is connected with the cooling system of the accelerator, which is made with the ability to pump for insulating pipes insulating liquid through the cavity and cooling the insulating liquid elements of the accelerator.

15. The accelerator on p. 10, or 11, or 13, characterized in that the inner capacitor plate made in the form of a solitary Explorer, which is suspended within the cavity of the solid insulator is filled with a liquid insulator, and the cavity is connected with the insulating tubes made of an insulator, the pipe has a liquid insulator, which is made with the ability to circulate inside of the pipe and connected to the cooling system of the accelerator.

16. The accelerator under item 1 or 10, characterized in that the starting system is located inside the interior abclk, the system switches contains the system slow switches and quick switches inside the inner lining is made the power supply system the trigger system which has a capability to provide energy for operation of the elements of the system start, and a slow switch is connected to a fast switch and one capacitor system capacitor system start, and the power supply system the trigger system contains at least one high voltage generator system start-up.

17. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one high-speed switch, which is made in the form of a gas of a spark gap in a high-pressure gas, while the gas discharger contains at least one edge.

18. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one slow switch containing a stationary contact of a solid, refractory material and the clamp contact device designed with the ability to create pressure contact with the spring connected to the plate of refractory conductive material.

19. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the starting system includes a system of electron accelerators system start-up, containing the electron accelerators system start to contain a system of stationary forming lines, containing at least one stationary form a line, which is connected with a system of movable forming lines containing at least one movable forming line, with the system being movable forming lines connected to the supply system and the cassette moving forming lines, movable forming lines made in the form of separate blocks, blocks movable forming lines done with replacement, electron accelerators the trigger system contain at least one cassette is movable forming lines made in the supply system and the cassette moving forming lines, the blocks are made with the ability to move freely about the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up so that areas with movable forming lines stood on the axis of the electron accelerators system start-up, crossed axis and moved away from the axes, freeing up space around the axis and on the axis system of the movable forming lines of electron accelerators trigger system contains at least one conductive area, either on one side surface of the conductive section, or on two sides of the surface of the conductive section to perform ypolnennye with the opportunity to submit electrons either in one direction relative to the block along the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, or in two different opposite directions along the axis of the electron accelerator system start, and the electron accelerator system start up executed with the opportunity to accelerate electrons in a single direction along the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, or in two opposite directions along the axis, with the conductive areas of the different blocks are electrically isolated from each other, the conductive area with the emission cathodes electrically connected with the movable forming line submission system and replacement of movable forming lines made with the ability to move and replace one system of movable forming lines connected to the system emission cathodes, on the other, and the system is moving forming lines made with the ability to move inside the cassette moving form lines.

21. The accelerator under item 1 or 19, characterized in that the electron accelerator of the trigger system includes stationary and movable forming lines, wire forming one line made stationary contact of the solid refractory material, and another wire forming lines or clamping contact device, or liquid metal contact made with usmonovaning with the opportunity to temporarily electrically connect with the stationary contact by means of pressure contact, various pressure contact device electrically isolated from each other, clamping the contact device includes a conductive plate made of porous refractory material, connected with spring, this provides the opportunity to apply for a conductive plate fusible metal and provided the opportunity to be the metal in the liquid phase, but it is also possible to apply a low-melting metal in the liquid phase out of pressure contact device through the pores of a porous refractory material, with a low-melting metal is made with the ability to seep into the pores of a porous material and through the pores to come to the surface pressure of the contact device from the side adjacent to the contact, with which the clamping plate contact device are in contact, the outer surface of the plate is made of a porous refractory metal.

22. The accelerator under item (1, 10, or 19, characterized in that inside the inner capacitor plates made system of electron accelerators system start-containing electron accelerators the trigger system, and power system system start up executed with the ability to give energy to work usly generator system start-up, connected to at least one turbine generator made in insulating pipes with insulating liquid.

23. The accelerator under item 1 or 19, characterized in that it contains at least one system disk with holes or slots containing at least one disk with holes or slits, the rotation system disk and system of synchronizing the speed of rotation of the discs made with the possibility to synchronize the rotational speed of a disk with holes or slits over time start-up accelerator and with the frequency signal of the start of the accelerator system start-up, the drive is made with the ability to cross during the rotation of the hole or slot of the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, system disks with holes or slits includes a rotor and a stator, the drive performed on the rotor and on the stator, and the rotor disks with holes or slits are mounted on the rotor shaft between the disks with holes or slots of the stator, the rotor configured to rotate inside the stator, and the rotor disks with holes or slots connected to the shaft of the rotor, the rotor disks and stator disks in the form of flat plates, and plate disk of the rotor parallel to the at system start-up, the rotor disks are made with the ability to cross the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up holes or slots so that at that point in time, when the holes or slots of the disks of the rotor during rotation are opposite the holes or slots of the disks of the stator, between the holes or slots of the disks of the rotor is also the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, the accelerator contains a system of rotation of the discs with holes or slits made with the possibility to rotate the rotor system disks with holes or slots, the system of rotation of the discs is connected with the rotor and rotor shaft, and the rotor shaft connected to the rotor disks with holes or slots between the rotor disc and the stator disk made a gap in the disk is made of at least one hole or at least one slot, the rotor shaft, at least one rotor disk and at least one stator disk contain the insulator, either on disk stator or near the disk of the stator is made of at least one magnetic coil axis of the coil or parallel to the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, or coincides with the axis in the coil is a through axial hole within the hole passes Osumi or slots contains, at least one protrusion is made on the rotor disks and the stator near the holes or slits.

25. The accelerator on p. 13 or 23, characterized in that the cooling system of the accelerator is configured to direct the refrigerant into the gaps between the plates of the stator and pump between the gaps in the gap between the plates of the stator is made of the storage tank and pumping the refrigerant from the storage and pumping of the refrigerant, the rotor is configured to rotate the disks of the rotor so that the rotor disc during rotation or partially immersed in the refrigerant in the tank, or concerns of a refrigerant in the tank.

26. The accelerator on p. 23, characterized in that it contains system control and synchronize the operation of the accelerator, containing the laser, photodetector, and a local area network, while the network contains at least two computers that are connected by fiber-optic cable, with at least one computer is done inside the inner capacitor plates about the trigger system and at least one computer outside of the inner capacitor plates, the photodetector is made on the axis of propagation of the laser radiation and is parallel to the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, the axis of propagation of the laser radiation passes through the system disks with holes or slots on the axis of propagation of laser radiation in the disk with holes or slots of the stator is made of optically transparent to laser radiation window, and in the disk with holes or slots of the rotor is made of optically transparent to laser radiation window with the ability to cross the axis of propagation of the laser radiation.

27. The accelerator on p. 10 or 23, characterized in that the system disks with holes or slits made in the inner capacitor plates, the distance between the capacitor plates in the area of systems disks with holes or slots in a direction parallel to the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up exceeds the distance between the capacitor plates in the area of systems disks with holes or slits in the direction perpendicular to the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, and extreme disks are about the various capacitor plates.

28. The accelerator under item 19, characterized in that it contains at least one device for moving the tape with holes containing movable insulating tape to hole the s start to holes synchronously in time crossed the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, and around at least one tape made of an insulator insulating plate with a hole, inside of which passes the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up and movable between an insulating tape with holes and the insulating plate is made gap in the tape made at least one hole, either on an insulating plate, or around the insulating plate is made of at least one magnetic coil, the axis of the coil or parallel to the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, either coincides with the axis, and the coil is a through axial hole, inside of which passes the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up.

29. The accelerator on p. 28, characterized in that it contains system control and synchronize the operation of the accelerator, containing the laser, photodetector, and a local area network, while the network contains at least two computers that are connected by fiber-optic cable, with at least one computer is done inside the inner capacitor plates about the trigger system and at least one computer is made out inside the PC, which is connected to the switch, the axis of propagation of laser radiation parallel to the axis of the electron accelerator system start-up, while the axis of propagation of the laser radiation passes through the device, move the tape with holes on the axis of propagation of laser radiation in the insulating plate of the device is made of optically transparent to laser radiation window in the tape with holes made of optically transparent to laser radiation window with the ability to cross the axis of propagation of the laser radiation.

30. The accelerator on p. 23 or 28, characterized in that at least one device for moving the tape with holes made from one side of the system disks with holes or slits, and at least one device is performed on the other side of the system.

31. The accelerator on p. 28, characterized in that the movable insulating tape with holes and on the insulating plate from the side of the tape around the holes made at least one ledge.

32. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one focusing system for transporting particles containing at least one magnetic system, which contains, in kraternyy coil, when this coil is made with the ability to create magnetic fields that satisfy at least one point on the axis of the coils following relationship:

where- induction of the magnetic field of the external and internal coils of the magnetic field at the point on the axis of the coils.

33. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains at least one focusing system for transporting particles containing at least one magnetic system, which contains at least two pairs of aligned magnetic coils, consisting of the inner pair of coils and the outer pair of coils, and the coils are designed so that the outer pair of coils surrounds the inner pair of coils, the coils of the outer pair of coils forming the outer mirror traps, and the coils of the inner pair of coils form an internal mirror traps and coils are designed with the ability to create magnetic fields, which satisfy at least at one point on the axis of the coils following relationship:

where

34. The accelerator according to any one of paragraphs.1, 13, 19, characterized in that it contains a tape of the current collector flow of electrons, which is configured to electrically connect with the injection system of the target, and tape equipment contains at least one current collector flow of electrons, the current collector is made with the ability to absorb the incident flux of electrons of the electron accelerator system start-up, and the current collector is made in the form of a conductive section of the tape, conductive areas, combined with the current collectors are electrically separated from each other by an insulating parts made of insulator, and the tape made with the possibility of cooling by the cooling system of the accelerator, when this tape is made with the possibility of rewinding and replacement.

35. The accelerator on p. 34, characterized in that it contains film current collectors connected to the tape collectors and made between the tape and the electron accelerator system start-up, when this film is made transparent to the flow of electrons in the electron accelerator system start-up, between the tape and the film made the gap and the tape is electrically isolated from the insulator film made with the possibility of cooling by the cooling system of the accelerator, when Atlanta and film.

36. The accelerator on p. 19 or 34, characterized in that the current collector contains the clamp contact device designed with the ability to create pressure contact, and the contact pin device is configured to temporarily electrically connect with the injection system of the target with clamping contact and provides the ability to cool a separate conductive areas of the tape, combined with current collectors, and pressure contact device cooling system of the accelerator, and the current collector is configured to electrically connect with the injection system of the target separately, with different pressure contact device electrically isolated from each other, moreover, the clamp contact device includes a conductive plate made of porous refractory material, connected with the spring, the current collector contains a container of refractory material, is configured to be filled with fusible metal, the possibility to apply the liquid metal out of pressure contact device through the pores of a porous refractory material from the inner region of the current collector, the current collector includes a container shell, and is the capacity connected with a plate of porous refractory and between the tank and the plate, made a spring, the surface side of the plate facing the current collector and the surface of the side plate is made of non-porous refractory metal inside the tank liquid metal is made with the ability to seep into the pores of a porous material and through the pores to come to the surface pressure of the contact device, the material of the shell cavity capacity outside of the shell cavity capacity is non-porous, and inside the shell cavity capacity land surface is made porous, and the surface area is connected with the porous material of the plate and concerns placed in the cavity of fusible metal, with the side facing to ensure solid contact, with which the clamping plate contact device are in contact, the outer surface of the plate is made of a porous refractory metal.

37. The accelerator on p. 28 or 34, characterized in that it contains the cooling system of the tape containing the pool with insulating liquid located near the bottom of the tape and connected to the cooling system of the accelerator, the insulating liquid is configured to be pumped through the pool, and the tape is made with a unique opportunity to plunge into the pool and cool off.

and, containing the target and ion accelerators containing at least two ion accelerator, containing a system of electrodes connected to the target while the target is connected, at least one source of ions of the ion accelerator, the ion sources ion accelerators system accelerators of ions performed around the target with the possibility of supplying power accelerator of ions from an external power source, the ion source of the ion accelerator is connected with the target to microexplosion of the target, and the system of accelerators connected to the target so that the ion source system is configured to either together with the target to be destroyed, or with the ability to disconnect from the target, with at least one ion accelerator is configured to direct charged particles on the target and the whole device is configured to move inside the reactor chamber.

39. The accelerator on p. 22 or 38, characterized in that it contains at least one tape device for bombarding the target with ions, while the cassette is installed, at least one device for bombarding the target with ions, the cartridge is configured to be installed within a system of injection of the target, while the cassette is made is a system of feeder and cassette device for bombarding the target with ions, made with the possibility to apply the tape to the inside of the injection system of the target and replace the cartridge.

40. The accelerator on p. 38, characterized in that it contains the cryostat is made with the possibility cooling device for bombarding the target with ions to cryogenic temperatures.

41. The accelerator on p. 39, characterized in that the supply system and the cassette device for bombarding the target with ions contains the conveyor while the conveyor is made in the form of a closed conveyor with the ability to move in a closed path, the cryostat is made around the lower part of the conveyor, while the lower part of the conveyor together with some cassettes device for bombarding the target with ions with devices for bombarding the target with ions located inside the cryostat, and the conveyor is configured to move alternately dipping cassette device for bombarding the target with ions inside the cryostat, in the cryostat device for bombarding the target with ions together with cartridges made with the possibility to cool down.

42. The accelerator under item 1 or 41, characterized in that the conveyor is installed in the cassette and the conveyor tapes made with the ability to work so that during operation, one part of the pipeline has a cassette device for about the empty cartridge without devices for bombarding the target with ions, this provided an opportunity to fill the pipeline cassettes device for bombarding the target with ions with the new devices for bombarding the target with ions in the upper part of the conveyor, and the conveyor is configured to be used with its movement, the difference in the weight of the conveyor tapes filled with devices for bombarding the target with ions, and part of the conveyor with empty cassettes without devices for bombarding the target with ions due to the fact that one is opposed, however you can use contrast to bring in the movement of the conveyor portion of the conveyor, containing an empty cassette from which the device for bombarding the target with ions already left made with the possibility to move upwards, with the possibility of part of the conveyor tapes filled with devices for bombarding the target with ions to move along the path down to the cryostat, to sink down together with the cassettes in a cryostat, and then climb upwards to a system of injection of the target, in the injection system of the target is provided by the possibility to extract from the cassette device for bombarding the target with ions, while the conveyor is configured to move in a closed path.

43. Uskoritelei device for bombarding the target with ions inside the cassette device for bombarding the target with ions and, at least one clamp configured to fix the position of the cassette device for bombarding the target with ions within the supply system and the cassette device for bombarding the target with ions.

44. The accelerator on p. 39, characterized in that the device for bombarding the target with ions contains an internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions and the trailing portion of a device for bombarding the target with ions, while the inner part of the device for bombarding the target with ions is performed with the opportunity to separate from the rear side of the device and removed from it, in the inner part of the device for bombarding the target with ions is performed, the ion sources of the internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions and the target.

45. The accelerator on p. 38 or 44, characterized in that the rear inner part of the device for bombarding the target with ions made jet engine, with a jet engine contains a compressed gas outlet of the container is located behind the inner part of the device for bombarding the target with ions on the axis of system of injection of the target and the axis of the engine passes through the center of the target.

46. The accelerator on p. 44, characterized in that the rear inner part of the device for firing on targets which passes through the center of the target.

47. The accelerator on p. 39, characterized in that inside the cassette device for bombarding the target with ions made a pipe within the pipe is installed, at least one device for bombarding the target with ions, the back of the tube is spring with the ability to push the device for bombarding the target with ions out of the cassette while the cassette is configured to hold the device for bombarding the target with ions inside the tube and to release the constituent elements of the device for bombarding the target with ions from the pipe.

48. The accelerator under item 1, or 13, or 44, or 47, characterized in that the tube cassette device for bombarding the target with ions is made of an insulator, with the tube cassette device for bombarding the target with ions is performed at least one slot, and opposite the slotted side of the injection system of the target made of at least one solid contact with refractory material connected to the cooling system of the accelerator, in the tail unit of the device for bombarding the target with ions of opposite slits made at least one clamping pin device with the ability to create pressure contact with the plate of refractory material, is connected with the spring, when Gata, moreover, at least one clamping pin device configured to create a pressure contact between the current collector flow of electrons and solid contact system of injection of the target, and at least one clamping device is made on the current collector.

49. The accelerator on p. 44, characterized in that the rear tail section of the device for bombarding the target with ions made a shield in the form of a plate made of hard material.

50. The accelerator on p. 48, characterized in that the clamping pin device to the rear side of the device for bombarding the target with ions is performed with the possibility of creating a temporary electrical pressure contact, with the contact or electrically connected to the one forming the line device for bombarding the target with ions, and forming line electrically connected to the cathode of the ion source of the internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions, or pressure contact of the tail device for bombarding the target with ions electrically connected to the cathode of the ion source of the ion accelerator of the tail device for bombarding the target with ions, the ion source accelerator ion tail-end device for fire mbtree target ions, and the current collector ion tail device for bombarding the target with ions electrically connected to the other forming a line with the anode of the ion source of the internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions.

51. The accelerator on p. 48, characterized in that the clamping pin device to the rear side of the device for bombarding the target with ions is performed with the possibility of creating a temporary electrical pressure contact, and the contact or electrically connected to the cathode of the electron accelerator tail device for bombarding the target with ions and electron accelerator tail device for bombarding the target with ions is performed with an opportunity to direct the electrons to the collector of the electrons in the inner part of the device for bombarding the target with ions, or pressure contact tail portion of the device for bombarding the target with ions electrically connected to the cathode of the ion source of the ion accelerator tail device for bombarding the target with ions, when this ion source accelerator ion tail device for bombarding the target with ions is performed with an opportunity to direct the ions to the ion current collector tail device for bombarding the target with ions, the current collector and the m ion source internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions, as the current collector of the electrons in the inner part of the device for bombarding the target with ions electrically connected to the cathode of the ion source of the ion accelerator of the internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions.

52. The accelerator on p. 39, or 50, or 51, wherein the next device for bombarding the target with ions of the cassette device for bombarding the target with ions of interconnected flexible flexible pipes, flexible movable tubes or wires forming lines, or have the coils of the magnetic coils, and flexible moving tube is made with the opportunity to reduce their length, stored in a reduced state and straighten up, increasing their length, in addition, in the tape device for bombarding the target with ions flexible moving tube is compressed and device for bombarding the target with ions are pressed to each other, and out of the cassette flexible moving tube tail device for bombarding the target with ions stretched to the sides and are made either with education within them forming lines, or with the possibility of education within them magnetic coils and vacuum tubes electron accelerators tail device for bombarding the target ions is and for bombardment of target ions contains a flexible moving tube, made from an insulator, a flexible movable tube made coils of a magnetic coil and movable within a flexible tube made vacuum chamber of the electron accelerator tail device for bombarding the target with ions.

54. The accelerator on p. 52, characterized in that the flexible movable tube made in the form of bellows.

55. The accelerator under item 50 or 51, characterized in that the forming line device for bombarding the target with ions electrically connected to the cathodes and the anodes of the ion sources of the internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions using high-speed high-speed switches.

56. The accelerator on p. 38, characterized in that the ion source is made on the faces of the polyhedron, with the axis of the ion sources intersect in the center of the target.

57. The accelerator on p. 38, characterized in that the diode ion source is made as a pinch-reflex diode.

58. The accelerator on p. 38, characterized in that the target is surrounded by two systems of electrodes of the ion source device for bombarding the target with ions, and the electrical connection system of electrodes in the form of polytopes, nested into one another and electrically insulated from each other, while systems which I fastening system of the target inside the frame, and the frame is made of at least one hole, with the hole axis coincides with the axis of the ion source of the internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions, and the fastening system of the target is configured to electrically isolate the frame from the target.

60. The accelerator on p. 4 or 59, characterized in that the device for bombarding the target with ions contains a focusing system, with focusing system contains at least one tube of the liner, which is made of conductive material and electrically connected with the frame made of conductive conductive material, with the axis of the hole in the frame coincides with the tube axis of the liner and the pipe liner is electrically connected to the edges of the holes drilled in the frame, and an element of the focus system.

61. The accelerator on p. 4 or 60, characterized in that the tube liner is made transparent to the ions with the possibility of free passage through the tube ion source ions of the internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions.

62. The accelerator on p. 60, characterized in that inside the holes drilled between the edges of the polyhedron, made of either a conductive film, transparent to the ion source Ionova, or mesh of conductive material, while the inside foil or grid on axis made the hole and the edges of the hole are electrically connected with a pipe liner.

63. The accelerator on p. 60, characterized in that at the output of the ion source of the internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions is made conductive tube liner device for bombarding the target with ions, the anode and cathode of the ion source is placed inside two thick conductive pipes, thick inner conductive tube is grounded and made of a magnetic screen, with thick inner conductive tube electrically connected with the zero wire of the forming line, the outer thick conductive tube electrically connected to a high-voltage wire forming line, the inlet to the inner tube liner electric current, and thick conductive pipes are located so that one end face, far from target, made about a sheath device for bombarding the target with ions, and the other, near the end, made closer to the target than the far end, and closer to the target than the surface of the cathode ion source internal part of the device for bombarding the target with ions, while the near end of the outer thick conductive tube is made BC the Cesky attached conductive ring with the holes on the axis of the ion source, and by performing the outer thick conductive pipe closest to the target attached tube liner.

64. The accelerator on p. 60, characterized in that it contains the holder liner device for bombarding the target with ions, made with the ability to hold the weight of the pipe liner device for bombarding the target with ions within the device for bombarding the target with ions, the holder of the liner is made with the ability to hold the weight of either one or several tubes of the liner and the pipe liner is made conductive and transparent to the ions, the frame is electrically insulated from the holder of the liner, on the one hand with the pipe liner and holder of the liner is connected to the conductive frame, but on the other hand with a tube liner electrically connected forming lines power system Pina device for bombarding the target with ions, while the power supply system Pina made about a system of injection targets and contains a system of capacitors connected to the system power supply capacitors, and the capacitors are connected to form lines of high-speed switches, speed switches configured to be turned by the flow of electrons electron accelerators system start-up.

65. Usc the tube current with the direction of the vector current density, directed to the target, and at least one tube of the liner is arranged to flow along the tube current with the direction of the vector current density directed away from the target when this tube is made symmetrically with respect to the target axis and are interleaved with each other so that near the tube, is arranged to flow along its current direction vector of the current density to the target, is, at least one tube made with the possibility of a leakage of current to the direction of the vector current density from the target.

66. The accelerator under item 2, wherein the power supply system includes at least one system of high-voltage generators, which consists of series connected high voltage generators, and the generators are connected in series so that all generators except the two extreme generator system, the generator output with the positive potential is connected to the output of neighboring generator with a negative potential, while at the generators are connected to one output with neighboring generator, and the other output with a total system output of generators.

67. The accelerator under item 4, wherein the pipe liner is made of conductive material m is made with the possibility of creating on the ends of the tube potential difference, when this liner is connected with the electrodes connected to the target.

68. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that it contains a reactor chamber containing the cooling system of the reactor chamber and the structural wall of the reactor chamber, the structural wall surrounds the reactor chamber, and the cooling of the reactor chamber is cooled, the coolant in the reactor chamber is cooler, the cooling system of the reactor chamber contains at least one ribbon that is connected to the supply system and rewind the tape while the tape forms a ceiling of the reactor chamber, made with the ability to navigate through a system of rollers included in the delivery system and rewind the tape, and the tape contains the film and the frame, moreover, the film and the frame are connected, the frame is made around the perimeter areas of the film above the film, and the film and the frame is made from refractory material, the frame and parts of the film forming capacity of the tape, while the tank has a bottom made of stretch film bounded by the perimeter frame, and made in the form of tracks with the ability to flow the fluid from one end of the track to the other end of the track, and the track along the tape, the lower ucast the second camera tape tilted in the direction of one of the rollers of the feed system and rewind the tape, the cooling system of the reactor chamber contains a supply of fluid, which contains the coolant pipe made with the possibility to fill the cooled coolant capacity tape and take the coolant from the tank so that the fluid on the bottom of the tanks as the tracks flowed from the upper coolant tube at the bottom of the pipe coolant and cooled the tape and into the vessel filled with liquid coolant, and provides the ability to pump the fluid inside the tank above the foil tape that protects the upper surface of the structural wall of the reactor chamber, and cooling the tape.

69. The accelerator under item 68, wherein the tape is connected to the system to rewind the tape containing two Babin, when this tape is made with can play with one Babin system to rewind the tape to the other woman, the delivery system tape made with the ability to lift up used lots of tape using a counterweight formed used lots of tape on one side of the counterweight and unused parts of the tape on the other side of the counterweight, when this tape is made with the ability to move using protivo the people of the tapes due to the fact, that used tape lighter new, not yet used cassette tapes.

70. The accelerator under item 68, wherein the carrier is made in the form of liquid lithium, and the cooling system of the reactor chamber contains a system of pipes lithium curtain made with the possibility to pump liquid lithium so that liquid lithium fell down before the lateral surface of the structural wall of the reactor chamber and closed lateral surface of the structural wall from the Central region of the reactor chamber, in those areas of the reactor chamber, in which the outlet openings of the injection system of the target, the system coolant supply is configured to apply liquid lithium at the side and the reactor chamber contains a system of trapping of tritium, which is connected with a system of pumps, in addition, lithium bottom of the curtain in the lower pool of liquid lithium, the cooling system of the reactor chamber contains at least one of the upper pool, which is connected with the filling system of the upper basin, the lower basin is made at the top, and the upper pool is configured to provide the fluid to spill over the edge of the upper pool in the lower bass is the canopy, which hangs over the holes in the structural wall of the chamber, while the lower basin occupies the bottom of the reactor chamber.

71. The accelerator under item 68, wherein the cooling system of the reactor chamber are made with the ability to cool the reactor chamber liquid coolant, and around the outlet of the injection system of the target is made of a pipe inclined fountains made with the ability to create angled jets of liquid coolant so as to jet out of the tubes inclined in the form of inclined fountains, some of the pipes made from the side of the outlet of the injection system of the target, when this tube is made with the ability to create sloping fountains, the overlapping area of the structural walls of the reactor chamber over the outlet of the injection system of the target, in addition, part of the pipes made from the bottom of the outlet of the injection system of the target with the ability to create sloping fountains, the overlapping area of the structural walls of the reactor chamber under the outlet of the injection system of the target so that a jet of liquid coolant does not overlap the outlet of the injection system of the target, and pipes inclined fountains are made in two rows so that clicks the pipes fountains, while the tubes of the front and rear rows of tubes fountains are made with the ability to create a jet of liquid coolant so that the jet of liquid coolant to one of a number of fountains overlap the region that does not overlap the inclined jet fountains another series because of the presence of the field joints between pipes.

72. The accelerator under item 5 or 13, characterized in that the cooling system of the accelerator contains pipes with insulating liquid and configured to create a pressure drop in pipes with insulating liquid, the accelerator contains a supply system insulation liquid up made with the possibility to raise an insulating liquid up through the pump and fill the upper reservoir with insulating liquid and the insulating liquid has a capability to flow from the upper reservoir down while rotating turbine generators and cooling of the working elements of the accelerator, the delivery system insulation liquid contains an insulating pipes, sections, where the accelerator is configured to create an electric field insulating tube bent in the form of a spiral made of an insulating material, while feeding the insulating liquid up connected with lower reserve adatsa pipes external cooling circuit of the accelerator.

73. The accelerator under item 1, characterized in that the high-voltage input voltage contains high-voltage generator, which contains the device that is causing charge transfer, with at least one external capacitor and a battery connected in series internal capacitors made inside the vacuum chamber so that the two end plates at the inner capacitors of the battery align with the external plates of the capacitor, while the high-voltage generator contains a device that causes the transfer of the charges made with the possibility to cause charge transfer between the external plates of the capacitor through the internal capacitors or mechanical or electric field, or by the emission of radioactive isotopes, the device is configured to cause the transfer of electric charges of a particular character in the direction of one of the plates of the external capacitor and does not result in transfer of electric charges of the same sign to the other side of the sheath, the output of the generator is electrically connected either with external capacitor plates, or external capacitors are connected to the battery and the generator output is electrically connected with an outer facings external battery condensato, made so that on the side of the plate facing the one fixed plate, an external capacitor made of a coating of a radioactive substance which has a capability to emit during the collapse of the charged particles of the same sign of electric charge, and on the other side of the plate made another radioactive substance, made with the ability to emit during the radioactive decay of charged particles of opposite sign of electric charge.

75. The accelerator on p. 73, wherein the internal capacitor includes at least one plate shaped so that the side plates facing one fixed plate, an external capacitor made of a coating of a radioactive substance which has a capability to emit during the collapse of the charged particles of the same sign of electric charge, and on the other side of the plate there is a radioactive substance which has a capability to emit during radioactive decay of the charged particles of the same charge sign.

76. The accelerator on p. 73, characterized in that on the surface of the inner plates of the capacitor are made of the protrusions on the surface of the notches of the plates facing one fixyou the capacity to emit in the radioactive decay of the charged particles of the same sign of electric charge, and on the other surface of the sheath radioactive substances that emit in the course of radioactive decay of charged particles with the same sign of charge, there is no, and the protrusions are made so that they form slots with the projections of one of the plates is located between the protrusions of the other plates, in addition, the protrusions are made of conductive material in the form of parallel plates perpendicular to the plates so that the distance between the ledges there was a backlash, and the protrusions of one of the plates electrically isolated from the protrusions of the other plates.

77. The accelerator on p. 73, characterized in that on the surface lining of the internal capacitor is made projections on the surface of the notches of the plates facing one fixed plate, an external capacitor made of a coating of a radioactive substance which has a capability to emit in the radioactive decay of the charged particles of the same sign of electric charge, and on the other surface a coating of a radioactive substance which has a capability to emit in the radioactive decay of the charged particles of opposite sign, and the protrusions are made so that they form slots with the projections of one of the plates to be mastin, perpendicular to the plates so that the distance between the ledges there was a backlash, and the protrusions of one of the plates electrically isolated from the protrusions of the other plates.

78. The accelerator on p. 38, characterized in that the device for bombarding the target with ions contains the trailing portion of a device for bombarding the target with ions and the interior of the device for bombarding the target with ions made with the possibility not to be separated mechanically inside the reactor chamber, the device for bombarding the target with ions is performed, the system of the current collector flow of electrons containing at least one current collector flow of electrons is made in the form of a plate with a chance to cuddle up to the tail portion of the device for bombarding the target with ions and with the ability to move away from the tail to the side, increasing the angle of inclination of the plate to the axis of system of injection of the target, the current collectors are made with the possibility of the injection system of the target to stick to the device for bombarding the target with ions, and inside the reactor chamber after logoff injection targets disclosed in the form of petals and overlap the axis of the electron accelerators system start inside the reactor chamber, and the current collector includes a spring disposed between the of jemnice together with a device for bombarding the target with ions within a system of injection of the target and executed with the opportunity to extend and push the plate aside, when the current collector together with a device for bombarding the target with ions out of the injection system of the target, the current collector is covered with an insulating sheath made transparent from one side to the flow of electrons, and the shell is made of an insulator, the anode of the ion source device for bombarding the target with ions electrically connected by wire injection system targets made with the possibility to apply the wire to the anode or zero potential or a positive potential, with the possibility of feeding the wire to the anode of the positive charges.

79. The accelerator under item 19, characterized in that the exit window of the electron accelerator system start-up closed foil and connected to the device repair and restore the output window, device repair and restore the output window that contains two of the roller and the material feeding system output window, configured to feed the output window, covered with foil, additional substances foil material window, and cushions made with the possibility to smooth the additional material window material on the surface of the window and to eliminate irregularities in the material of the window caused by the flow of electrons by smoothing a new substance Mat is

 

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EFFECT: enhanced environmental friendliness of engine compared with gasoline ones.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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