The method of proof of origin and/or identification of animals or biological material

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to a method of proof of origin and/or identification of animals or biological material. It helps to ensure the technical result of being able to verify the identity of the animal or biological material. This technical result is achieved due to the fact that in this way the data medium memorize identification data as encoded by a symmetric or asymmetric key messages that have the specified relationship with the genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal or biological material, verify identification data to determine whether they have the specified relationship with the genetic information. The data carrier is a carrier chip that communicates between posted on the chip and the computer through the interface unit, in particular via a chip card, the chip stored key code having a predetermined relationship with the individual for a specific animal's genetic information. 5 S. and 36 C.p. f-crystals.

The invention relates to a method of proof of origin and/or identification vividly kleinova acid as a substance a carrier of hereditary characteristics.

When you register, purchase or breeding animals, it is often important to clearly identify the animal, confirm its origin or set its owner. In the field of livestock to confirm the origin and the physical data of breeding animals are so-called tribal books or registers maintained by the recognized breeding organizations. In addition, there is evidence that contain certain data or other animal. This data includes, for example, physical symptoms, blood test results, the origin and phenotypic features. The disadvantage here is that the amount of information is insignificant, data access computer memory is limited and their control is difficult. When using public registries there is always the danger of manipulation by users.

When the sampling of biological material from animals or organisms, such as cell samples or cultures of microorganisms, the difficulty lies in the fact that their identity is often impossible to verify, since there are no characteristic, distinctive data.

In DE 19629531 A1 description of the procession, which decisively determine the value of the animal. In accordance with this, the authenticity of the data stored in the computer's memory is guaranteed by the fact that "smart" tag securely attached to the animal and provides a safety device that causes the Erasure of the data stored in the memory, when the destruction of the fixing unit. To further protect your data, you can provide the access code as a password or key to provide access to the data stored.

The invention solves the aforementioned problems due to the ways in PP.1 and 32 of the claims, the carrier chip on p. 38 and the computer system on p. 41.

In accordance with the present invention the genetic information about the different animals and biological material from animals or organisms are determined and recorded in the form of blocks of the reference data in the storage medium information, genetic information or part of the genetic information of the identifiable animal or identifiable biological material is compared with the reference data block or several blocks of the reference data.

In the blocks of the reference data impose additional characteristics or properties of animals or biologicheskii characteristics or properties are set and stored in the computer memory, in the block of the reference data.

According to the invention provides for the input into blocks of the reference data contained in the memory of photos of animals.

According to the invention provides for the sampling of biological material in the form of embryos, male sex cells, or eggs of animals.

According to the invention also provides for the sampling of biological material in the form of blood or tissue samples of animals or cells, cell cultures or microorganisms.

According to the invention blocks the reference data memory to a Central station.

According to the invention the reference blocks of data are encoded at the Central station.

According to the invention is used as the key relevant genetic information. The corresponding genetic information may be part of the key. The corresponding genetic information can also be part of an electronic certificate that uniquely assigns a key code of a particular animal that the above-mentioned genetic information is classified and certification paragraph shall issue to him a certificate. The form of such one-key code in the framework of the law on digital signature. It contains at least the above-mentioned genetic information, allowing unambiguous compliance with a specific animal, and the key code assigned to this information or that particular animal, and when the system is asymmetric coding it contains a public key and a digital signature of the certification paragraph certifying that compliance is really authentic.

According to the invention also contemplates the use of chip cards of the reference data block.

According to the invention for the reference data block enter a password or any other information to identify users.

According to the invention on the basis of genetic information or, if necessary, a new, additional information from the reference data blocks are identified proposals for mating animals for breeding.

According to the invention also contemplates that the storage medium information contains reference data is included in an identification tag worn by the animal.

According to the invention of the genetic information contained in the blocks of the reference data is represented in the form of a columnar chart (histogram).

In sooji animals or biological material of animals and organisms, in which

injected into the memory identification data in the encoded form of the specified message that is associated with the genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal or biological material;

check identification data in order to ascertain whether they have the specified relationship with the genetic information.

The encoded message containing identification data may be associated with genetic information, because the message is predominant, confidential content encrypted using the code corresponding to the genetic information and thereby a specific animal, or in connection with the fact that the encoded message contains information having a predetermined relationship with the above genetic information, in the most simple case itself may be this information. Both possibilities can be combined. In the first case, you can check a predefined relationship thus to determine whether the message is decoded using the private key corresponding to a specific animal. If the encoding is successful, it will serve as confirmation that the identification information is truly relevant vistatweaker deposited in a safe place, to which you have access only users that are worthy of full confidence, and based on the content of the message is checked whether the data, this information to a specific animal. If you combine both methods, a double verification (establishing the validity empirically) compliance with the genetic information and the animal first, due to successful decoding and, secondly, due to the content of the decoded message.

The way which formed the basis of the invention may include, inter alia, the following:

on the data carrier is injected genetic information that identifies the animal or material in combination with the identifying data containing an encoded message associated with the genetic information;

- identification data call through coded messages associated with genetic information;

- validated identity information in order to determine whether the transmitted message is genetic information genetic information contained in the memory, and whether the in-memory encoded message transmitted encoded message;

- given gene is agicheskii material.

According to the invention determines the genetic information about one or more animals or biological material from one or more animals or organisms and recorded in the storage medium information in the form of blocks of the reference data.

The blocks of reference data include identification data, and if necessary, data related to one or another animal, and form thereby a kind of electronic "registration form", in which shall be entered the data related to the animal, and which is due to identify uniquely corresponds to a specific animal.

According to the invention on a data carrier in accordance with the identifying data is introduced into the memory with new data related to the identified animal or identifiable biological material. In particular, it can be provided that the encoded identification data includes a pointer or any other information about the memory location referred to new data so that this information, i.e., correspond to specific areas of memory to a particular animal may not be changed without knowledge of the key code. Therefore, the attempt to assign certain animals other unit Yes is th text is devoid of any common sense or that the location information in memory or a pointer to the stored data concerning the animal is simply wrong.

According to the invention the identification information contains a message that is encoded by a code that uniquely appropriate for the animal or material.

According to the invention the encoded message contains the value of the one-way function (hash function), which is obtained if this is a one-way function applied to the information entered in the memory and relates to an identifiable animal or identifiable biological material.

In accordance with the present invention the encoded message includes genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal or biological material.

According to the invention the identification data includes encoded data on the storage location in memory and/or content of new information related to the animal corresponding to the identification.

According to the invention the identification information includes a message encoded code generated based on the sequence of digits that uniquely corresponds to the genetic information that identifies an animal or biological material.

In accordance with the invention posledovatel which is a symmetric key.

According to the invention encode information based on asymmetric code pair, and at least part of the public key code is in a predetermined relation with the genetic information that identifies an animal or biological material.

According to the invention, the public key code contains the part describing an animal or biological material, or part of characterizing the user.

In accordance with the invention, the identification information is additionally encode code specific to the user.

According to the invention, at least part of the data on the media data corresponding to the data identification code code different from the code, which is encoded identification data.

According to the invention the key to decode the message contained in the identification data, is introduced into the memory chip to communicate with the processing unit via the interface unit, for example via a reading device, in particular a chip card.

The term "chip" in this application refers to each electronic or optical unit, which has at least one function of the memory and which, in case the th, for example, through a card reader or through the optical device. In this regard, it should be borne in mind holographic memory blocks. In the chip in addition to the identification data, and, if necessary, the electronic certificate of the certification item can be stored, and other data relating to the animal, for example, data on vaccination data about the origin, and so on, so that the chip or the media on which you installed the chip, for example a chip card, acts as a pet passport, which is included in the memory are all important to the animal data.

According to the invention the chip is a device for decoding messages.

According to the invention for the key with which to encode the message identification data is an asymmetric key, with the related private key will be stored in memory on the chip and the chip will become a device for encoding messages using the private key.

According to the invention, the chip contains a device for inputting digitized genetic information and devices to verify compliance code, stored on the computer, and typed, converted into digits which indicate the entered converted into digital form genetic information with previously stored value for this information and given the signal, which informs about the presence or absence of conformity.

According to the invention using a comparator on the basis of the stored, converted into digital form genetic information, the corresponding converted into digital form genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal or biological material, determine the key recorded in the memory, the key corresponding to the entered information, compare the determined key with the key stored in the memory, resulting in a signal is output indicating a match or mismatch of the key derived from the information entered with the key stored in the memory.

According to the invention in the chip entered information identifying one or more users, with the decoder and the encoder is triggered only when through the input device data enter information to identify the user. Such information may be, for example, a password, but also, for example, a fingerprint, a reflection of the retina, obrannou information contained in the identification data stored in the Central computer.

According to the invention using the computer on the basis of the entered or predetermined genetic information determines the related key and use this key for data identification.

The computer can only function as a decoding server, i.e., the appropriate data is entered in the memory in another place, as a rule, decentralized, and key necessary for decoding, there is no, and the interpretation occurs only above the Central computer and the Central computer receives the encoded data and sends the decrypted data back. Can also be provided that the relevant data concerning animals that are entered in the memory on the Central computer. For this is the key decoding identification data, mainly to confirm compliance data in the computer by a particular animal or, if using a one-way function or coded all the data to prove that any manipulation of the data was not. However, the relationship between the computer and the user in this case from Slowmotion way to establish reliable communications between the server and the user.

According to the invention using a Central computer after decoding check whether the specified sequence of characters in the decoded clear text and emits a corresponding signal to the user.

According to the invention, the information submitted on one of the media data, the information regarding the animal, and, if necessary, pre-defined uniquely identifying an animal or biological materials genetic information is transmitted to the Central computer, where it is decoded.

According to the invention, the media data related to animals or biological material, is located on the Central computer.

According to the invention, at least part of the data is protected from access and the Central computer users have different access rights.

According to the invention for a subset of users access at least part of data recorded in the memory, is possible only when at the same time to the Central computer receives a message about a new predetermined user, for example, the owner of the animal.

The invention also provides that access, at least to the disclosure, first of all on a smart card, check the access right. This may apply in particular to the second user, in accordance with the above established procedures must announce the intention to use these.

In addition, according to the invention the device of the computer allows new user accounts in the available memory information relating to the animal or biological material, only together with the digital signature of the user.

According to the invention individually for each animal to a pair of asymmetric keys used when replacing the key in the session that is designed to associate the user with the Central computer.

The invention provides a method of creating data that is verifiable and is uniquely associated with a particular animal, and includes the following operations:

- identification data created in the form of a coded message, which is unambiguous, given the Association with genetic information identifying an animal or biological material;

- identification data is introduced into the memory of the data medium.

According to the invention identification data contain the, according to the invention the encoded message contains the value of the one-way function (hash function), which is obtained when the one-way function is applied to new data, stored on the storage medium and related to the identifiable animal or identifiable biological material.

According to the invention the identification information includes a message encoded code created on the basis of a predetermined sequence of digits that uniquely relevant genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal or biological material.

According to the invention the key is a symmetric key.

According to the invention information is encoded on the basis of asymmetric code pair, and at least part of the open code has a predetermined relationship with the genetic information.

The invention is also a carrier of chips for the identification of animals that communicates between the chip on the carrier chip and the computer through the interface unit, such as a reading device, in particular a chip card, characterized in that the chip stored key code with sarantopoulou chip is a processor for decoding the message using the key, entered in the computer's memory.

According to the invention, the chip contains a device for inputting digitized genetic information and the comparator to check compliance with the code entered in the memory, and put digitized genetic information.

The invention is a computer system for implementing the above method, having a Central computer that contains the media data, which is entered into memory and stored therein identification data having a definite predetermined relationship with the genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal or biological material.

Method of work carried out in accordance with this invention, has the advantage that the identification and establishment of origin is involved genetic information about animals and biological material. For example, genetic information is determined on the basis of the known methods according to the results of blood analysis of tissue samples of animals, their eggs or male germ cells. For analysis of tissue samples is sufficient, for example, the root of the hair. Carriers of genetic information are ribonucleic the mind. Genetic information is compiled in a different way or standardized. To Express certain properties are used to encode for the genes or genetic markers. To ensure access to genetic information, it is recorded in the computer memory in the storage medium in the form of blocks of the reference data. To establish the identity of any animal or to prove or verify the origin of the animal or biological material, the blocks of the reference data is selected from a storage medium and compared with existing data. Before the user can access the block of reference data, it must first confirm their right. This can be done by entering a password, name or personal identification number (PIN). In addition, the resolution can also be recorded on the chip card, for example on a smart card. The user each time to choose only the block of the reference data on which he can exercise his / her right. All the others left in the medium blocks of the reference data is not available to them. This user can be, for example, the owner of the animal. He may transfer his right of access to third parties. Thus, the buyer of the animal to the PTO for sale. In this case, the right of interested in buying a limited time. If lost animals found again, you can verify that these are the same animals that were found. In both cases, the animal can take on the analysis of cell samples to verify a known amount of data of genetic information. In the comparison result information verified with blocks of reference data reveals the identity of the animal. In addition, with the help of genetic information, you can check the origin of the animal. In the interests of livestock animals often take male sex cells, or eggs and store them accordingly. Stored in appropriate conditions gametes, if necessary, can be provided. When buying such gametes buyer by sampling and comparison between the data obtained from the sample, and the reference data block can determine the origin of germ cells. In addition, so in order to achieve the optimal result of selection are determined by appropriate proposals for mating.

The danger of manipulation of reference data in the performance of these works does not exist, because the call data can problemo item, so myself, having access rights to change data cannot. The content of the reference data block gives the genetic "fingerprint" of the corresponding animal, organism or biological material. This allows unequivocal identification, which can be tested in any laboratory.

Biological material from animals or organisms may be placed for storage or use in their stores, where the storage medium of the genetic information of the biological material. To validate the contents obtained from the sample of biological material genetic information is compared with the data entered in the computer's memory.

In accordance with one of preferred embodiments of the invention in blocks of reference data is additionally written is contained in the computer memory characteristics or qualities of animals or biological material. Thus, there is a direct relationship between the General characteristics and qualities considered animal and contained in the reference data genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal ("genetic fingerprint"). This may go, deprimente, information regarding the General and specific skills, training, hereditary diseases, other diseases, vaccinations or veterinary examination data. Thus acquaintance with the reference data block allows you not only to take note of abstract genetic information, but also to select the characteristic data of the animal or biological material. Thus, it is possible to explore, evaluate, and specify the relationship between specific genetic information and characteristic features of the animal or biological material.

In accordance with one preferred embodiment of the invention are set and stored in the block of reference data computer memory resulting from the genetic information of the characteristics and quality. In the study of characteristic features or qualities of the animal are considered not only those that were installed in the study or observation over a long period of time or on the basis of experimental data, but also those that follow directly from the genetic information. Because genetic information is available in the form of the reference data block in the storage medium information can be used already known patterns, the s genetic information.

In accordance with another preferred embodiment of the invention in blocks of reference data computer memory is recorded images. It can be normal photos with a General view of the animal, but can be and the results are obvious diagnostic methods (e.g., ultrasound, x-ray, endoscopy, computed tomography (CT), which can be documentary evidence of the physical condition of the animal.

In accordance with one of preferred embodiments of the invention when considering the biological material we are talking about embryos, male sex cells, or eggs of animals. After they are taken from a particular animal, they are placed in appropriate containers and stored chilled. Containers may be provided with a label or electronic data carriers, such as microchips or so-called "smart labels" that contains the data that have values for the tank's contents. "Smart stickers" (Start Labels) are small blocks of memory with an interface for data input and output, acting as a transponder. These "smart stickers" can be as thin as a sheet of paper and p is the reference data enables you to validate data listed on the containers, especially if a sample of male sex cells, or eggs and it is determined by genetic information.

In accordance with another preferred embodiment of the invention when considering the biological material we are talking about the analysis of samples of blood or animal tissues, cells, cell cultures or microorganisms. They may be stored, for example, for tests and experiments. In this case, the test samples can be performed at any time.

In accordance with the following preferred embodiment of the invention, reference data blocks written to the Central station. This Central station manages data and protects them so they could not be manipulated and forgery by third parties. eligible can access the recorded data to the Central station and can also provide the appropriate rights.

In accordance with another preferred embodiments of the invention, the blocks of the reference data to encode. This makes it difficult for unauthorized access to data and prevents appropriate manipulation of data. So, for example, to encode and decodebin data the user gives his signature to the contents of the data block, comparable with a digital signature.

In accordance with another preferred embodiment of the invention, the key is accepted, the corresponding genetic information, alternatively, the corresponding genetic information can be the basis for the key. For example, the number of basicity, resulting from analysis of the sample of the animal, can be calculated using the control number, known only to the Central station and to be used as a private key.

In accordance with another preferred embodiments of the invention entitled to the selection of the reference data block is written to the chip card, in particular on the smart card. For selection of the reference data block of the chip card must be entered in the intended reader. Only after access has been tested and found valid, is the issue of the reference data. The card user receives the appropriate software, with which he has access to your computer to the reference data. When network data there is the possibility poluchilposle. Instead, the chip card may be provided and other media stand-alone chip with the device for connection to a computer, for example, in the form of a bracelet, keychain or any other item that may be worn by the user, and the device does not need to be electronic, and under certain conditions may operate optically. The term "chip" in the framework of this message should be understood not only electronic semiconductor nodes with memory function and built-in microprocessor and memory chips only with memory function or other storage devices of similar size and/or logic blocks, such as holographic storage device or something similar. Accordingly, the term "carrier chip" and "chip card" in accordance with the present application should be aware of the media and map respectively, which carry the chip, as described in the application. The carrier chip is usually similar to or smaller than the chip-card.

In accordance with the following preferred embodiment of the invention to verify eligibility in the sample, the reference data are entered password, name or personal the I of the invention on the basis of genetic information blocks of the reference data are determined suggestions for mating breeding animals. To do this, the blocks of the reference data is selected corresponding male and a female, to get the desired breeding result. The data presented in the form of blocks of reference data, facilitate selection among a significantly larger number of animals.

In accordance with one of preferred embodiments of the invention, the storage medium information contains reference data, in this case, access rights and a sample is included in an identification tag worn by the animal. This facilitates determination of compliance animals.

In accordance with another preferred embodiments of the invention the genetic information of the blocks of the reference data demonstrates using United with the environment information storage device output data in the form of a columnar chart. Based on this chart, genetic information can optically quickly and easily understand and compare with the genetic information of other animals.

In some further aspects of the invention sets out more detail.

The problem that often arises in connection with the identification of animals, is that the materials relating to this or that individual, under dejnost matching key and animal or key person having the right to use it, is a big problem in protecting identifying information against counterfeiting and falsification. In this regard, the invention provides a method, reliable individualized information (for example, "genetic fingerprint") in the manufacturing of keys, or the keys themselves, or in a certificate establishing that the key certified by a certification paragraph and certain persons or animals.

According to a preferred form of execution for solving this problem the invention provides that the data on the media data related to animals, or will be encoded using the key, in unequivocal communication with identified genetic information, or that verified information that identifies you uniquely new, originally recorded in computer memory and not encode the information will be encoded in such a code. Such verified information is formed by a so-called one-way functions, which is also called a hash function (Hash). If after encoding with the above new unencoded information on the media data will be proiskhozhdenie unidirectional function and value, which happens when a one-way function is applied to data that is actually written in the memory of the computer on the data carrier. If both values do not match, this will mean that the data has been changed or that the decoding has been applied fake key.

Genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal, can be obtained, for example, so-called microsatellite way. This method uses the fact that in certain genomic regions sequence of basicity, such as SA, is repeated with individually different number of repetitions. These areas are close to stable genomic regions, which serve as target sequences for the primary communication polymerase chain reaction (PCR). If the number of these repetitions is defined in quite many georegion, a large number of these repetitions, the typical individual of a particular animal or individual organism.

If you now set the particular sequence of the genomic regions in which these were installed repetition, and to determine the number corresponding to the number of these repetitions, according to this order Watson reporting of individual genetic information uses polymorphisms in individual positions of the nucleotides of the genome. The method of single nucleotide polymorphisms SNP (single nucleotide polymorphisms) gives the data block, in which for each of the analyzed positions of the genome derived statement 1 (=result 1, for example, corresponds to the value of the population) or 0 (= 2, for example, deviating value). In General, studies produced binary numeric value (for example, 011100010100001111101010). For reliable identification must be studied about 40 portions of the genome. Currently, neither the man nor the other organisms is not defined standards, which are called the analyzed positions. For more information SNP offers a variety of ways, with more information available to automate as DNA chips, due to which it becomes possible high throughput study samples. An example of different approaches to solving these problems is to bind oligonucleotides, differentiating specific position on the chip. Another technique sees the need to distinguish between polymorphic PCR products based on their molecular weight. (International forum on technology 99, 23/24 June 1999, ICM international Congress centre. New fair Munich).

Most algoritmo init this is a random number obtained by the aforementioned method based on the genetic information specific to the respective individual sequence of digits, get the code characteristic for each individual. Generally to create a key, you can use any, converted into digital form, preferably the genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal.

In accordance with the opening through the fact that the animal will be taken of the sample will be determined by the relevant genetic information and will be checked whether the key corresponding to this information, the key for decoding the encoded data, you can check whether the animal in question, the data recorded in the computer memory. If the encoded data is not decoded or, as it was applied wrong key entered in the computer's memory is one-way functions are not the same, as described above, with the rest of the data, there is a suspicion that were done to manipulate the data or what happened substitution of the animal. Thus, it is possible to exclude the supposition that the animal to which the data refer, tampered with.

The problem is that the stored data on the media or during transmission of information via the Internet can be distorted. This risk can be reduced is Chen and controlled. You can act this way: the encoded portion of the data is sent to credible Central point decoding, and transmits the decoded result back without throwing the key necessary for decoding, and in certain cases by verifying the authenticity of data or compliance with the animal data entered into the computer memory.

However, this method is quite complicated and does not guarantee that the information that passes between credible point and the user will not be falsified. Further, in this method it is important that the key code, if possible, was not known even to the owner of the animal, as otherwise there is the danger of tampering with the correct key. It would also be desirable to the owner directly on the basis of genetic information could check whether the animal in question, the data is overwritten in the memory of the computer.

These problems can be solved by using an asymmetric code pair and the public key is in a predetermined relation with identifying animal genetic information that may be known to the user or may be directly the verification of that person or of that paragraph, who wrote the data to the data carrier, respectively, have the right of access to them.

Asymmetric keys in computing, a well-known and in addition form the basis for digital signatures. As for details on data coding and other aspects of data protection in particular one-way or hash function, those interested may apply, for example, to the following publications: M. Raepple, "Sicherheitskonzepte für das Internet", Heidelberg 1998 oder auf RSA Laboratories, "Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About Today's Cryptography", Version 3.0.

The following describes an example of how genetic information can be created asymmetric code RSA.

Code RSA can be created as follows:

- take two large Prime numbers p and q;

- formed their product n=pq;

- select the number that is less than n;

- there is a number d such that (ed)-1 delima to (p-1)(q-1).

Pair of values (n, e) form a public key and a value pair (n, d) form the private key. The factors p and q are destroyed or securely stored together with individual key.

To encode a message m using the public key m modular raised to the degree in accordance with s=memod n. For zakodirovannie. RSA key created so that then gives back the exact original message. Back in accordance with the rules in the beginning, there is coding using a personal key, and then decoded using the public key.

To create characterizing animal code pairs can, for example, the RSA algorithm to take derived from the genetic information of the number equal to the number e, and after the factorization of e were found Prime numbers p and q, subject to the condition that p-1 and q-1 are relatively Prime to E. Then, in accordance with the RSA algorithm is determined by the number d, so that the public key as a parameter contains the number e, which corresponds to the above-mentioned genetic information. Now if the information in the data block, for example the result of the hash function, encoded private key accessible only to the owner of the animal, trustworthy item or something similar, successful decoding by means of the public key is not only able to confirm empirically that the information entered into the computer memory, really refers to this animal (which is possible in this example by comparing the received leporati, who made the encoding.

In this regard, we should pay attention to the fact that the second parameter in a public and private key, n, in the above example is not set explicitly. According to this there is an opportunity to make a couple of keys that are in the above sense-specific animal, but belong to different persons. This creates the possibility that different persons, the authenticity of which can be directly verified, can write to the media information data relating to the animal.

Another possibility identity authentication, recorded data on the media, is that the message encoded "characteristic of the animal code, again encoded code characteristic for a particular user, or that the mentioned person traditional way sign composed his text digital signature, and for example, he calculates on the basis of the composed text is the hash function and encodes this value with its private key from an asymmetric code pairs, and this encoded value is then added to the data block.

To further raise the value Ahotels on a smart card. This may be provided to the computer used for decoding, had access to the key, securely entered

the memory on the chip card, and used when decoding, or, what is preferable that the chip card itself contains a processor for decoding messages, so that the encoded text is entered into the map, and open the text is displayed, while the stored computer code itself can not go outside. The chip card may also be provided to store the private key of the user and, most importantly, has a processor for decryption private key.

The line of chip cards of certain animals is set in different ways.

The easiest way is to select the public key, for example, as described above, so characteristic of animal genetic information was an integral part of the public key, for example, to have this information formed the parameter that is, If the public key in the most simple case can be imprinted on the chip card or by using a simple operation output output from the memory chip of the card.

If the public key must be available only to determine the open key stored in the memory of the chip card and the chip card has been designed in such a way, so you can enter the specific animal's genetic information is converted into digital form. Then the processor in the smart card of the entered information is converted into digital form according to the directions on compliance will calculate the key and compare it with the key stored in the computer's memory. If there is a match, the processor reports that the entered information matches the key stored in the computer memory, and makes the message that the smart card does not meet the specific animal, if the stored key and the key specified by the processor, the match is not available. The chip card contains most of the information that can be displayed in clear text and in which States, in what way was obtained genetic information that underlies key overwritten in the computer's memory in a smart card, and how was digitized received information. The user has the appropriate genetic information regarding the referenced animal, therefore, does not require a certification paragraph or the like, to determine whether consistent with a specific code or a certain chip is teticheskoi information and information stored in the chip card. Thereby fall all issues arising from the relationship between the user and the certification point for digital signature. The physical relationship of keys and identifying animal data on a smart card prevents manipulation communication, respectively, with the components required for reliable data transmission.

As described above it is possible to equip the system of certification and verification animals on an electronic basis. Data concerning animals, such as date of birth, data of the owner, information about vaccinations, etc. are entered in the certification paragraph in the memory of the Central computer, which is usually available to privileged users and in some circumstances the public portions of the data entered in the computer memory. The relevant data or encoded private key specific to animals asymmetric code pairs, i.e., the code that the above-mentioned way back to the genetic information of a particular animal, or to each data block encoded by this characteristic of the animal's individual key, value is added to the one-way function, what happens if this odenplan the existing data or receives data over the Internet, can be sure that they are not distorted and come from a certain person.

The owner of the animal receives specific to the animal a chip card on which is written in the memory of the asymmetric key, i.e., both individual and public. The smart card serves as evidence of an animal that contains the certificate of the point of delivery of the certificates. The certificate contains the animal's name, serial number, Exhibitor name, surname of the applicant, the name of the item, received genetic information underlying the encoding ("genetic fingerprint"), the way how this information was obtained from the genetic information and expiration date, in this case, the technical characteristics of the public key and/or encoding method. This certificate presents in clear text or can be read from the chip by using the public key of the certification paragraph. In this case, the certificate may be printed on the smart card.

To access the data entered in the computer memory on the certification paragraph, genetic information and the public key is read through a card reader smart card and transmitted to the certification paragraph. The genetic basis is again a public key, the computer checks, eligible if the applicant user to read these data. In addition, can be transferred, and other data characterizing presents animal, such as a number, instead of genetic information. Additional or alternative measures that prevent access, such as passwords, can also be provided.

The owner has the right to access those parts of the data recorded in the Central computer, which are related to the owner, such as breeding animals, data on feeding and the like. For other data, such as information about the date of birth, place of origin, and the like, the owner is granted only a limited right of access, although he is the owner of the corresponding private key. It is, as a rule, permitted to read the data, but not modify or delete them. Right of access can be installed in the traditional way by granting rights for reading and writing data on the Central computer and/or provide a password. You can apply other control mechanisms of tolerance, such as speech recognition or biological characteristics of a certain person (fingerprint, iris scanning s case if the user passes for storing a digital signature, in other words the message encoded private key assigned to the user certification item that can be certified by a paragraph of information about animals, but can also be a certification by the paragraph in accordance with the law on digital signature.

In addition, it may be provided that only one chip card (Mastercard) made it possible to access data relating to several animals, for example, to livestock producers or associations of producers, and this Mastercard contains mostly only relevant open, but not individual keys, so the owner of this Mastercard although it can read all data related to different animals, but cannot change them without the above-described individual animal cards.

Workers certification item is also owned by an individual and open characteristic of each animal code and have full access to all parts of the information.

Third parties are given the opportunity of access to data, and the owner (or certification item) allows the reading of data from the restriction and without limitation the code. In further specific users, such as veterinarians, are allowed to modify or re-write some data, such as data about vaccinations, examinations and so on , and then these users re-written or modified data confirm specifications for individual key with a digital signature, for example, through a coded value corresponding one-way functions. If this data changes, the certification option using the characteristic of the individual animal key produces a second signature in the form of a coded value one-way function, to confirm the authenticity of the correspondence of the recorded data corresponding animal.

However, it can be provided that the third party will be able to access data and to read and/or change them, if it simultaneously uses a typical animal of the chip card by typing in the appropriate reading device for authorization. In this case, it can access data entered into the memory of the computer certification paragraph, if the smart card is presented to him, and thus authorized by the owner.

Referring to when the th data access of third parties.

The vet has personal and public keys provided by the certification office or by law on digital signature. In the written certification item electronic register has a card index ("registration form") data undergoing processing. The veterinarian is entitled to read the main data, such as birth data, data about the origin, and so on, and the right to access, read and write data on vaccination and record data concerning the treatment of animals, and the right to read data associated with treatment related to its activities may be limited.

In the treatment of the owner of the animal shall issue the appropriate veterinarian animal individual chip card of the animal which the veterinarian is building its relations with the certification paragraph. Read the certification information and data entered into the computer memory at the individual map of the animal, for example, stored open, typical animal key. The password allows access to data entered into the computer memory when the certification paragraph about each animal. To read respectively write data wetie assigned to the vet the chip card or the data reliably recorded by the reading device is a chip card or computer veterinarian is automatically transmitted to the Central station. In the process of joint work of the veterinarian and certification item can be used with the conventional technology, reliable cooperation, for example with asymmetric code pair changes specially designed for meetings symmetric key, which is encoded all of the links between vet and certification item during the meeting.

If the authorization in respect of the animal and authorization the vet made, the veterinarian can read, change in the registry certification item available data. Veterinarian confirming data that is changed or written to them again, with a digital signature.

It is also possible feedback, for example, data about sick animals. When a message is encoded or characteristic of the animal's individual key, or private key of the veterinarian and the public key of the recipient. As an alternative to forward the message to plain text and to verify the authenticity of the signature, for example, is used in the unidirectional message is filled and attached to the message.

The described above method may, for example, be used to identify animals at exhibitions of livestock breeding. The owner of the animal passes together with the application for participation identifying animal genetic information, which, as described above, underlies the open characteristic of the animal is key, as well as the open characteristic of the animal key presented on a smart card, or any other information that orders the chip card of genetic information. With the arrival of the animal at the exhibition of livestock breeding animal is identified on the basis of genetic information sent. On the basis of the stored on the chip card or printed certificate is checked whether or not this is the public key to the genetic information, so it is authentic according to the chip-card set animal. With verified this chip card can then access the data certification points. If the data in the certification paragraph decrypted using a key stored in the memory on a smart card, it is determined that expose the animal corresponds to the data stored computerwoche, for example, at an auction. In this case, together with the genetic information that identifies the animal is transferred public key. Instead of the public key can be sent and other information, creating unambiguous compliance with existing smart card and transferred genetic information. Because the smart card checks the compliance of stored computer data, in particular the stored code, and genetic information, some information about the genetic information sufficient to authenticate the card.

There are various changes and variations described above order. For example, can be used other ways of coding. Access rights, primarily the right to read and write, may be regulated differently.

Information regarding the receipt of genetic information, suitability of this information and the public key, etc. should be entered in the computer memory on a smart card, and can communicate in other ways.

The method can operate as a market on the Internet, for example, for e-Commerce animals or for conducting e-auction animals. There are certain information from blocks oposredovannyh animals and/or materials of the search functions. The market may be open, and protection of data transmission can be carried out in a standard way. Alternative access may be General or only in respect of certain data may be restricted to entitled users.

Within the structure of the genetic certification points can be granted for specific genetic information block of the reference data as an electronic or written certifications for specific animals, respectively materials, certificate for other properties and/or characteristics.

Finally undertaken in accordance with the invention, a method of constructing a standardized data Bank in which data identifying animals, forms already not genetic information"genetic fingerprint"), and to a much greater extent the key corresponding to this information. The methods used now to remove "genetic fingerprints" are different, so the same animal may correspond to several "genetic fingerprint" depending on which method was used. Therefore, it is difficult on the basis of genetic information to view different Bank is micheskogo fingerprint" unimportant, because each animal identified one individually corresponding key (or any other digital information); the primary criterion is the individual code or key characteristic of the animal. An unambiguous relation between the key and specific genetic information is carried out using the certificate, call the method through which it was defined "genetic fingerprint", and the corresponding key, and the certificate together with the key is always available and/or together with him entered in the computer memory or any time can be called from the server.

The features of the invention contained in the existing above description and the claims, taken both separately and in any combination, can have a significant impact on the implementation of the invention in various forms of its execution.

1. The method of proof of origin and/or identification of animals or biological material of animals and organisms, including the following: on the media data memorize identification data as encoded by a symmetric or asymmetric key messages that have the specified relationship with geneticist is tificatio to clarify, do they have a specified relationship with the genetic information.

2. The method according to p. 1, characterized in that define genetic information about one or more animals or biological material from one or more animals or organisms and is remembered on the data carrier in the form of thrust blocks.

3. The method according to p. 1 or 2, characterized in that the data carrier in accordance with the identifying data stores the new data related to the identified animal or identifiable biological material.

4. The method according to one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the identification data contain a message that is encoded by a code corresponding to a specific animal or material.

5. The method according to p. 4, characterized in that the encoded message contains the value of the one-way function (hash function), which is obtained when the one-way function applied to new data stored on the data carrier and relates to an identifiable animal or identifiable biological material.

6. The method according to one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the encoded message includes genetic information, odnosno is the, what identification data includes encoded data storage space in memory and/or content of new information relating to the animal, the appropriate data identification.

8. The method according to one of paragraphs.4-7, wherein the identification data includes a message encoded code generated based on the digital sequence that corresponds to the genetic information that identifies an animal or biological material.

9. The method according to p. 8, wherein the digital sequence forms at least part of the code.

10. The method according to p. 8 or 9, characterized in that the key is a symmetric key.

11. The method according to p. 8 or 9, characterized in that the encode information using a private key of an asymmetric code pair, and at least part of the key associated with the genetic information that identifies an animal or biological material.

12. The method according to p. 11, wherein the public key code includes a part of the animal or biological material, and part of the characteristic of the user.

13. The method according to one of paragraphs.8-12, wherein the data identifier is causesa fact, that at least part of the data on the storage medium corresponding to the data identification code code different from the code, which is encoded identification data.

15. The method according to one of paragraphs.8-14, characterized in that the key to decode the message contained in the identification data, remember that the media chip for communication with the processing unit via the interface unit, in particular a chip card.

16. The method according to p. 15, wherein the chip is a device for decoding messages.

17. The method according to p. 15 or 16, characterized in that key, which is encoded message data identification is an asymmetric key and the corresponding private key is introduced into the memory on the chip, and the chip is a device for encoding messages using the private key.

18. The method according to one of paragraphs.15-17, characterized in that the chip contains an interface unit for inputting digitized genetic information and the device to check compliance with the code entered in the memory, and put digital genetic information.

19. The method according to p. 18, characterized in that predusmatriva in memory the value of this information, output signal which indicates the presence or absence of coincidence.

20. The method according to p. 18, characterized in that the comparator on the basis of the stored, converted into digital form genetic information and recorded in the memory information corresponding to the digitized genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal or biological material, determine in addition to the key stored in the memory, the key corresponding to the entered information, then compare the determined key with the key stored in the memory, resulting in a signal is output indicating a match or mismatch of the key obtained based on the input information, with the key stored in the memory.

21. The method according to one of paragraphs.15-20, characterized in that by using a chip injected in memory data identifying one or more users, and the decoder or the encoder is activated only when through the input device data enter information that identifies the user.

22. The method according to one of paragraphs.8-21, wherein the code for decoding the coded information contained in dacta using the computer on the basis of the entered or predetermined genetic information determines the related key and use this key for data identification.

24. The method according to p. 23, characterized in that the Central computer after decoding checks whether a predetermined sequence of characters in the decoded text, and emits a corresponding signal to the user.

25. The method according to p. 23 or 24, characterized in that the information stored on the data carrier and, if necessary, given an identifying an animal or biological materials genetic information is transmitted to the Central computer.

26. The method according to one of paragraphs.1-24, wherein the media data relating to the animal or biological material, is located in the Central computer.

27. The method according to p. 26, characterized in that at least part of the data is protected from access, and the Central computer users have different access rights.

28. The method according to p. 27, characterized in that for some users access at least part of data recorded in the memory, is possible only when at the same time to the Central computer receives a message about a new, predetermined user.

29. The method according to one of paragraphs.26-28, wherein access to at least part of the data that the introduction is as a smart card, check access right.

30. The method according to one of paragraphs.27 to 29, characterized in that the device allows the user accounts in the available memory information relating to the animal or biological material, only together with the digital signature of the user.

31. The method according to one of paragraphs.26 to 30, characterized in that for each individual animal asymmetric pair of keys is used when replacing the key in the communication session of the user with the Central computer.

32. The method of forming test and uniquely associated with a specific animal data, comprising the following operations: generating identification data in the form of a message encoded by a symmetric or asymmetric key that has the specified relationship with the genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal or biological material; memorizing identification data on the data carrier.

33. The method according to p. 32, wherein the identification information contains a message that is encoded with a key that is appropriate for the animal.

34. The method according to p. 33, wherein the encoded message contains the value adsonar data stored on the storage medium and related to the identifiable animal or identifiable biological material.

35. The method according to one of paragraphs.32-34, wherein the identification data includes a message encoded code generated based on the predetermined digital sequence corresponding genetic information identifying an animal or biological material.

36. The method according to p. 35, wherein the key is a symmetric key.

37. The method according to p. 35, wherein the information code with asymmetric code pair, and at least part of the public key has the specified relationship with the genetic information.

38. Media chips for animal identification, liaison placed on the chip and the computer through the interface unit, in particular via a chip card, characterized in that the chip stored key code having a predetermined relationship with the individual for a specific animal's genetic information.

39. Media chips on p. 38, wherein the chip includes a processor for decoding messages using the key that is entered into memory.

40. The chip is neobrazovannoi in digital form genetic information and the comparator to check compliance with the code, stored, and put converted into digital form genetic information.

41. A computer system for implementing the method according to one of paragraphs.1-31, wherein said Central computer includes a data carrier that stores the identification information having a predetermined relationship with the genetic information that uniquely identifies the animal or biological material.

 

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