Generating combined-cycle (options)

 

The setting relates to power generation in a combined cycle. The residue from the distillation of crude oil under atmospheric pressure, obtained by the distillation of the supplied oil in the device for distillation under atmospheric pressure, is subjected to distillation under vacuum at a pre-specified conditions in the device for distillation under vacuum, to thereby divide it into easy matter and residue from the distillation of crude oil under vacuum. Easy substance is fed as fuel to the gas turbine. The residue from the distillation of crude oil under vacuum served as fuel in the boiler steam generating section, together with the high-temperature exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine to the steam turbine can be powered by steam produced in the boiler, in order thereby to give the opportunity to implement energy production in the steam turbine power generating section. The residue from the distillation of crude oil under atmospheric pressure can be used as fuel for the gas turbine and the boiler so that the efficiency of energy production in a combined cycle could be improved. The invention improves the efficiency of energy production. 5 C. and 23 C.p. f-crystals, 8 ill.

Ter>1. Generating combined-cycle to actuate the steam turbine through the exhaust gas emerging from the gas turbine contains a device for the extraction solvent to separate the residue from the distillation of crude oil under atmospheric pressure, obtained by the distillation of the supplied oil in the device for distillation under atmospheric pressure, on a light substance that is zaasfaltirovan oil, and of heavy substance, which represents the asphaltenes extracted by the solvent, the block for hydrodemetallization to remove metals that are present in the lung substance obtained in the device for the extraction solvent, the gas turbine power generating section, equipped with a gas turbine and is designed to be able to operate the gas turbine using a light substance treated in the unit for hydrodemetallization, as fuel for her, steam generating section, equipped with a steam turbine and boiler section to generate steam to drive a steam turbine and boiler section is designed to produce steam, using dust is investing solvent, as a source of heat for it.

2. Generating combined-cycle under item 1, in which asphaltenes obtained in the device for the extraction solvent, are crushed into powder and mixed with water, the resulting slurry thus obtained sludge is used as fuel for the boiler section of the steam generating section.

3. Generating combined-cycle under item 1 or 2, in which the boiler section includes HRSG waste heat and the boiler in which fuel is burnt, while the high-temperature exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine is used as the heat source for the waste heat boiler waste heat, and heavy substance used as a heat source for a boiler in which fuel is burnt.

4. Generating combined-cycle under item 3, in which the steam generating section includes a first steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the HRSG waste heat, and the second steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the boiler in which the fuel is burnt.

5. GE is vsego gas, emerging from the gas turbine that contains the first device for the separation formed by the device for distillation under vacuum to separate the residue from the distillation of crude oil under atmospheric pressure, obtained by the distillation of the supplied oil in the device for distillation under atmospheric pressure, on a light substance and heavy substance by distillation under vacuum, the second device for the separation, designed to additionally split heavy substance obtained in the first device for the separation, a light substance and of heavy substance with any of the devices device for the extraction solvent to extract the solvent heavy substance, devices for thermal cracking, in order to effect thermal cracking of heavy substance and device for hydrocracking to produce cracking of heavy substance by reaction with hydrogen, the gas turbine power generating section, equipped with a gas turbine and is designed to be able to operate the gas turbine using a light substance obtained in the first device for the separation and light substance, obtained in the second device for the division is implementing to generate steam to drive a steam turbine, moreover boiler section is designed to generate steam using high-temperature exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine, and of heavy substance, obtained in the second device for the separation, as a source of heat for it.

6. Generating combined-cycle under item 5, in which one of the substances is an easy matter obtained in the first device for the separation and light substance, obtained in the second device for the separation, is used as the main fuel for the gas turbine, and the other is used as an auxiliary fuel for it.

7. Generating combined-cycle under item 5, in which asphaltenes obtained in the device for the extraction solvent, are crushed into powder and mixed with water, the resulting slurry thus obtained sludge is used as fuel for the boiler section of the steam generating section.

8. Generating combined-cycle according to any one of paragraphs.4-7, in which the boiler section includes HRSG waste heat and the boiler in which fuel is burnt, while the high-temperature exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine is used as the boiler, in which fuel is burnt.

9. Generating combined-cycle under item 8, in which the steam generating section includes a first steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the HRSG waste heat, and the second steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the boiler in which the fuel is burnt.

10. Generating combined-cycle under item 5, in which one device is the first device for the separation and the second device for the separation, is formed by a device for the separation selected from the group consisting of a device for catalytic cracking, devices for thermal cracking and device for hydrocracking, with some light oil obtained in the device for the separation, is used as gasoline, kerosene or diesel fuel.

11. Generating combined-cycle to actuate the steam turbine through the exhaust gas emerging from the gas turbine that contains the first device for the separation formed by the device for hydrocracking to separate the residue from the distillation of crude oil poornam pressure, in light of the substance and of heavy substance through hydrocracking, the second device for the separation formed by the device for the catalytic cracking unit for further separation of heavy substance obtained in the first device for the separation, a light substance and heavy substance by catalytic cracking, gas turbine power generating section, equipped with a gas turbine and is designed to be able to operate the gas turbine using a light substance obtained in the first device for the separation and light substance, obtained in the second device for the separation, as fuel for her, steam generating section, equipped with a steam turbine and boiler section to generate steam to drive a steam turbine and boiler section is designed to generate steam using high-temperature exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine, and of heavy substance, obtained in the second device for the separation, as a source of heat for it.

12. Generating combined-cycle under item 11, in which one of the substances is an easy matter obtained in the first device to the section of the gas turbine, and another is used as an auxiliary fuel for it.

13. Generating combined-cycle under item 11 or 12, in which the boiler section includes HRSG waste heat and the boiler in which fuel is burnt, while the high-temperature exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine is used as the heat source for the waste heat boiler waste heat, and heavy substance used as a heat source for a boiler in which fuel is burnt.

14. Generating combined-cycle under item 13, in which the steam generating section includes a first steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the HRSG waste heat, and the second steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the boiler in which the fuel is burnt.

15. Generating combined-cycle under item 11, in which one device is the first device for the separation and the second device for the separation, is formed by a device for the separation selected from the group consisting of a device for catalytic cracking, devices for thermal cracking and UNL as gasoline, kerosene or diesel fuel.

16. Generating combined-cycle to actuate the steam turbine through the exhaust gas emerging from the gas turbine that contains the first device for the separation formed by the device for thermal cracking process for the separation of heavy substance, obtained by the distillation of the supplied oil in the device for distillation under atmospheric pressure, on a light substance and heavy substance by thermal cracking, the second device for the separation formed by the device for distillation under vacuum for further separation of heavy substance obtained in the first device for the separation, a light substance and heavy substance by distillation under vacuum, the gas turbine power generating section, equipped with a gas turbine and is designed to be able to operate the gas turbine using a light substance obtained in the first device for the separation and light substance, obtained in the second device for the separation, as fuel for her, steam generating section, equipped with a steam turbine and boiler section to generate steam to bring socioterritorial exhaust gas, emerging from the gas turbine, and of heavy substance, obtained in the second device for the separation, as a source of heat for it.

17. Generating combined-cycle under item 16, in which one of the substances is an easy matter obtained in the first device for the separation and light substance, obtained in the second device for the separation, is used as the main fuel for the gas turbine, and the other is used as an auxiliary fuel for it.

18. Generating combined-cycle under item 16 or 17, in which one device is the first device for the separation and the second device for the separation, is formed by a device for the separation selected from the group consisting of a device for catalytic cracking, devices for thermal cracking and device for hydrocracking, with some light oil obtained in the device for the separation, is used as gasoline, kerosene or diesel fuel.

19. Generating combined-cycle according to any one of paragraphs.16-18, in which the boiler section includes HRSG waste heat and the boiler in which fuel is burnt, while the high-temperature exhaust gas discharged from the gas turb is as a heat source for the boiler, in which fuel is burnt.

20. Generating combined-cycle on p. 19, in which the steam generating section includes a first steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the HRSG waste heat, and the second steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the boiler in which the fuel is burnt.

21. Generating combined-cycle to actuate the steam turbine through the exhaust gas emerging from the gas turbine that contains the first device for the separation formed by the device for distillation under vacuum to separate the residue from the distillation of crude oil under atmospheric pressure, obtained by the distillation of the supplied oil in the device for distillation under atmospheric pressure, on a light substance and heavy substance by distillation under vacuum, the second device for the separation formed by the device for the catalytic cracking unit for further separation of light substances obtained in the device for distillation under vacuum, in light of the substance and of heavy substance using catalyst petroianu so, to be able to operate the gas turbine using a light substance obtained in the second device for the separation, as fuel for her, steam generating section, equipped with a steam turbine and boiler section to generate steam to drive a steam turbine and boiler section is designed to generate steam using high-temperature exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine, and heavy substance obtained in the first device for the separation, as a source of heat for it.

22. Generating combined-cycle on p. 21, further containing a device for Hydrotreating for the implementation of desulfurization by reaction with hydrogen, easy substance obtained in the device for distillation under vacuum, subjected to desulfurization device for Hydrotreating and then catalytic cracking device for catalytic cracking.

23. Generating combined cycle PP.21 and 22, in which the boiler section includes HRSG waste heat and the boiler in which fuel is burnt, while the high-temperature exhaust gas discharged is in use as a heat source for the boiler, in which fuel is burnt.

24. Generating combined-cycle on p. 23, in which the steam generating section includes a first steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the HRSG waste heat, and the second steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the boiler in which the fuel is burnt.

25. Generating combined-cycle under item 21 or 22, in which one device is the first device for the separation and the second device for the separation, is formed by a device for the separation selected from the group consisting of a device for catalytic cracking, devices for thermal cracking and device for hydrocracking, with some light oil obtained in the device for the separation, is used as gasoline, kerosene or diesel fuel.

26. Generating combined-cycle on p. 21, in which the boiler section includes HRSG waste heat and the boiler in which fuel is burnt, the high-temperature exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine is used as the heat source for the boiler-utilizado.

27. Generating combined-cycle on p. 26, in which the steam generating section includes a first steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the HRSG waste heat, and the second steam generating section to actuate the steam turbine the steam produced in the boiler in which the fuel is burnt.

28. Generating combined-cycle on p. 21, in which a part of the light oil obtained in the device for catalytic cracking, which is the second device for the separation, is used as gasoline, kerosene or diesel fuel.

Priority items:

03.07.1998 on PP.1, 2, 5, 7, 16 and 21;

19.01.1999 on PP.3, 4, 6, 8-15, 17-20 and 22-28.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to a technology of power generation in chemically regenerative cycle using turbines running on gas

The invention relates to a method of energy production that combines the so-called turbine cycle with humidified air (NAT) scheme with partial oxidation

The invention relates to the field of combined production of mechanical and electrical energy using fuel cells

The invention relates to energy, mainly for electricity production

The invention relates to power plants of mixed type

The invention relates to the field of power engineering

The invention relates to a steam generator, in particular for boilers

The invention relates to a gas and steam turbine installation with connected after the gas turbine on the flue gas side, running on waste heat steam generator heating surfaces of which are included in the water / steam circuit of a steam turbine, and method of installation

The invention relates to a device for thermodynamic conversion

The invention relates to energy

FIELD: electric power and chemical industries; methods of production of the electric power and liquid synthetic fuel.

SUBSTANCE: the invention presents a combined method of production of the electric power and liquid synthetic fuel with use of the gas turbine and steam-gaseous installations and is dealt with the field of electric power and chemical industries. The method provides for the partial oxidation of hydrocarbon fuel in a stream of the compressed air taken from the high-pressure compressor of the gas turbine installation with its consequent additional compression, production of a synthesis gas, its cooling and ecological purification, feeding of the produced synthesis gas in a single-pass reactor of a synthesis of a liquid synthetic fuel with the partial transformation of the synthesis gas into a liquid fuel. The power gas left in the reactor of synthesis of liquid synthetic fuel is removed into the combustion chamber of the gas-turbine installation. At that the degree of conversion of the synthesis gas is chosen from the condition of maintenance of the working medium temperature at the inlet of the gas turbine depending on the type of the gas-turbine installation used for production of the electric power, and the consequent additional compression of the air taken from the high-pressure compressor of the gas-turbine installation is realized with the help of the gas-expansion machine powered by a power gas heated at the expense of the synthesis gas cooling before the reactor of synthesis. The invention allows simultaneously produce electric power and synthetic liquid fuels.

EFFECT: the invention ensures simultaneous production of electric power and synthetic liquid fuels.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering; developing and updating binary combined-cycle plants.

SUBSTANCE: proposed combined-cycle plant has low-pressure compressor 1, air intercooler 2, high-pressure compressor 3, combustion chamber 4, gas turbine 5, exhaust-heat boiler 6, steam turbine 7, and power generator 8. High- and low-pressure compressor stages are chosen to ensure high-pressure compressor pressure ratio corresponding to that found from formula proceeding from desired total efficiency of combined-cycle plant.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of intercooled binary combined-cycle plant due to optimal proportion of high- and low-pressure compressor stages.

1 cl, 1 dwg

Up!