Method for the production of hydrocarbons and the reactor for its implementation

 

The invention relates to the production of hydrocarbons. The inventive method for the production of hydrocarbons, which involves entering into the reaction reagents, forming part of the reaction medium in the reaction zone, under such reaction conditions that allow to form a primary hydrocarbon products. The method involves the infiltration of byproduct water formed in the above reaction conditions, through the porous membrane, resulting in the water is separated from the reaction medium. 2 C. and 12 C.p. f-crystals, 9 tab., 6 Il.

Description text in facsimile form (see graphic part)to

Claims

1. Method for the production of hydrocarbons, including input into the reaction reagents, forming part of the reaction medium in the reaction zone with the membrane, characterized in that the reaction is carried out in the conditions, allowing to form the primary hydrocarbon products, and as a by-product water is formed, and carry out the infiltration byproduct water formed in the above reaction conditions, through the membrane made with the possibility and the Method under item 1, characterized in that the reactants are gaseous form and contain carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the presence of powdered catalyst Fischer-Tropsch process, which also forms a part of the reaction medium, and the conditions of the reaction is chosen so that the carbon monoxide and hydrogen reacts in the presence of a catalyst Fischer-Tropsch process, obtaining, as the primary hydrocarbon products, liquid derived Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbon products and/or gaseous Fischer-Tropsch derived products in accordance with the simplified equation of the reaction of the Fischer-Tropsch (I)

CO+(1+x)N2CH2+H2O (1).

3. The method according to p. 2, characterized in that the reaction zone is provided in the reactor with a layer of the suspension, and the layer of suspension contains liquid hydrocarbon products, gaseous hydrocarbon products, water, gaseous reactants and catalyst particles, the membrane is placed in a layer of the suspension, and the reaction medium also contains liquid hydrocarbon products, gaseous hydrocarbon products, water, gaseous reactants and catalyst particles.

4. The method according to p. 2, characterized in that the reaction zone is provided in the reaction is Sobranie reagents, water and catalyst particles, and the membrane placed in the fluidized bed, and the reaction medium also contains gaseous hydrocarbon products, gaseous reagents, water and catalyst particles.

5. The method according to one of paragraphs.1-4, characterized in that the membrane is permeable support, the membrane has an inlet side of the water and the output side of the water, and forming by-product water enters the membrane through its inlet side of the water seeps through the membrane and exits the membrane through its output side of the water, while the support and the membrane form a water separation device.

6. The method according to p. 5, characterized in that it involves passing an inert gas cleanup along the supports in the immediate vicinity of the outlet side of the water membrane for entrainment of water that seeps through the membrane, resulting in a driving force for infiltration of water through the membrane.

7. The method according to p. 6, characterized in that the support has a tubular shape, and the membrane is installed on the inner or on the outer surface of the tubular support, and the purge gas passes through the inner part of the membrane.

8. The method according to p. 7, characterized in that the purge gas enters the zone reechnogo of all, passes through the bearing and out of the reaction zone through another pipe connected with a pivot at the other of its ends or near the other end.

9. The method according to one of paragraphs.5-8, characterized in that the diaphragm is made from zeolite material is selected from the group which includes mordenite, ZSM-5, zeolite a and habasit.

10. The method according to one of paragraphs.5-9, characterized in that the permeable support is a porous stainless steel.

11. The reactor for the production of hydrocarbons, comprising a reaction vessel having an area of catalyst layer, which when using the reactor comprises a layer of a suspension or fluidized bed with catalyst particles suspended in the suspension or fluidized in the liquid and/or gaseous hydrocarbon product; a gas inlet at a low level in the reaction vessel intended for entry of the gaseous reactants into the reactor; a gas release in the head space of the reaction vessel over an area of catalyst layer for output of gaseous product and unreacted gaseous reactants from the reactor and the membrane, localized in the area of the catalyst layer, characterized in that the gas inlet of the reaction vessel o f the authorized zone, moreover, any forming by-product water formed in the reaction zone during the reaction between gaseous reactants to form a liquid and/or gaseous hydrocarbon product can leak through the membrane.

12. The reactor under item 11, wherein the membrane is supported through a permeable supports in such a way that the membrane has an inlet side of the water and the output side of the water, and byproduct water when the device enters the membrane through its intake side water seeps through the membrane and exits the membrane through its output side of the water so that the support and the membrane form so the water separation device.

13. The reactor under item 12, characterized in that the support has a tubular shape with a Central channel, and the membrane is located on the inner or outer surface of the tubular support.

14. The reactor under item 13, wherein the inert purge gas enters the Central channel of the tubular membrane using a pipe connected to one end of a specified channel, flows through the Central channel and out through another pipe connected to the other end of the Central channel of the membrane

 

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