The car and. and. stashevsky

 

The invention relates to the automotive industry. The car contains a steam generator with a combustion chamber of cylindrical shape around which a pinned spiral auger made with the possibility of education guides to move the water around the combustion chamber. The turbine includes a shaft on which a drum is set with rims of moving blades and stationary blades fixed in the housing, the capacity of the electrolytic cell is equipped with a vacuum pump and a vacuum controller, configured to accelerate the dissolution of alkali and water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen. The electrodes are connected with a switch that changes the direction of the current, and electric transformer made with the possibility of increasing voltage. The casing of the steam generator equipped with a thermoelectric generator connected to thermal modules for conversion of heat on the surface of the steam generator into electrical energy and electrical energy conversion in the cold for cooling air in the hatch of the car, in the trunk and under the hood. The capacitor pair may be in the form of a radiator. The technical result is increased productivity, the creation of the refrigerating chamber in the trunk and favorable is to the automotive industry and can be used on cars, tanks, vessels and other equipment. Famous automobile (electric vehicle), which contains a steam generator, steam turbine, condenser, steam, fan, radiator, electrolysis, liquid dispenser alkali, time relay, solenoid, battery, trunk, hood (patent of Russia 2164480).

The disadvantages of this car are insufficient performance of splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen; insufficient cooling of the radiator and condenser steam; the impossibility of summer in the trunk to carry storepurchase products at a great distance; in the car in summer due to high temperatures and heat of the poor health of the driver and passengers; it is necessary to periodically clean the cathode of plaque lye.

The aim of the invention is to improve the performance; acceleration of splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen; the creation of favourable climatic conditions in the vehicle; an acceleration of the cooling radiator and condenser steam; the creation of the refrigerating chamber in the trunk; the conversion of heat on the surface of the steam generator into electrical energy and conversion of electric energy in the cold for cooling air in the hatch of the car, in the trunk and under the hood.

The deliver is provide for the spiral auger, made with education guides to move water around the combustor, and the turbine includes a shaft on which a drum is set with rims of moving blades and stationary blades fixed in the housing, the capacity of the electrolytic cell is equipped with a vacuum pump and a vacuum controller, configured to accelerate the dissolution of alkali and water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen electrodes are connected with a switch that changes the direction of the current, and electric transformer, configured to increase voltage and current. The casing of the steam generator equipped with a thermoelectric generator connected to thermal modules for conversion of heat on the surface of the steam generator into electrical energy and electrical energy conversion in the cold for cooling air in the hatch of the car, in the trunk and under the hood.

The condenser may be made in the form of a radiator.

The novelty of the claimed technical solution compared to vehicle 2164480 due to the fact that due to the vacuum pump and the vacuum regulator in the tank electrolyzer creates negative pressure and accelerates the dissolution of alkali and water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen; - due to electriv and accelerates the electrochemical reaction of splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen; - due to the use of electrical switches connected to the electrodes is periodically changing the direction of the electric current on the electrodes, resulting in a change icons of charges + (anode becomes the cathode, the cathode becomes the anode), with automatic cleaning of the cathodes of plaque alkali without the use of manual labour; - through steam generator containing the combustion chamber has a cylindrical shape around which a pinned spiral auger improves the performance of the steam generator; - at the expense of the turbine containing a shaft, on which a drum is set with rims moving and stationary blades and fixed in the housing, improves the performance of the pipe; through the casing of the steam generator, equipped with a thermoelectric generator connected to thermal modules, the heat on the surface of the steam generator is converted into electrical energy, the electrical energy is converted in the cold for cooling air in the hatch of the car, in the trunk and under the hood.

In the study of the claimed technical solution according to the patent, scientific, scientific-technical materials not discovered such a set of features that allows us to judge the materiality of the declared p in Fig.2 shows the vehicle; in Fig.3 shows a steam turbine, the cross-section of Fig.4 shows a steam generator, a longitudinal and a transverse incision.

The car consists of a steering wheel 1 (Fig.1), the drive wheels 2, a chassis 3, the brake 4, body 5, seat 6, the fan 7, the heat sink 8, the transmission 9, the electric motors 10, the electric generator 11 DC (Fig.1), a steam turbine 12, the steam generator 13, a capacitor 14 couple, cell 15, the dispenser of liquid alkali 16, the solenoid 17, a timer 18. Electric motors 10 are made of a multi-speed, asynchronous. The steam generator 13 is supplied by a nozzle 19. The nozzle 19 is connected to the compressor 20 and the capacity of the cell 15 through the pipeline 21. The cell 15 is rectangular in shape, has a reservoir 22, the electrodes: the anode 23 and the cathode 24, which is rigidly fixed to the tank 22 by means of insulators 25, is stationary in the form of a steel rectangular plates or grids. Capacity 22 divided by porous partition 26, permeable to ions, but hinder the mixing of hydrogen and oxygen. The partition 26 divides the electrodes: the cathode 24 and the anode 23. The solenoid 17 contains the stem 27. The rod 27 is connected with the piston 28 and is mounted in the cylinder 29 of the dispenser 16. The piston 28 is exposed to the vacuum pump 32, vacuum regulator 33, which are made with the possibility of creating a vacuum - reduced pressure in the tank 22 of the cell 15 to accelerate the dissolution of alkali and speed up the process of splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen. The electrodes 23 and 24 are equipped with an electric switch 34 and is configured to periodically change the direction of the electric current in the electrodes. The electrodes 23 and 24 are equipped with an electric transformer 35, is arranged to increase the voltage and amplifying an electric potential to accelerate the electrochemical reaction and accelerate the splitting of water into hydrogen and oxygen. The bonnet 36, trunk 37 and Lucas 38 of the cover body 5 of the vehicle is made of frames 39 cross braces 40, made of a dielectric material and thermal modules 41, made of two plates of telur and bismuth, glued dielectric varnish with adhesive and electrical properties. thermal modules 41 is connected to the power source through a switch (not shown) through an electrical circuit made with the possibility of creating on the wafer temperature difference for cooling the radiator 8 and the condenser 14 pair when SIP is iodine hot sultry weather. thermal modules 41 hatch 38 is connected to the controller 43 by means of an electric circuit. thermal modules 41 and the controller 43 maintain an optimal temperature in the vehicle 42. In the tank 44 for collecting condensate at different levels of the regulators set the liquid level 45, they are connected with the electromagnetic valve 46 installed on the water line 47 connecting the tank 48 with the steam generator 13 and the condensate line 49 connecting the tank 44 to the steam generator 13, is made with the possibility of an uninterrupted supply of water and condensation of the steam generator 13 and the automatic switching of the electromagnetic valve 46 by means of an electric circuit when the supply of condensate from the tank 44 and the water from the tank 48 to the steam generator 13. The capacitor can be performed in the second embodiment. The second option is the same as the first, differs from it in that the capacitor 14 and the radiator 8 are combined, and the condensation of the steam takes place directly at the radiator. 8. The radiator 8 is connected to the capacitor 14 through the tubing and pump 50. The electric motor 51 is provided with a fan 7. The dispenser 16 is connected to the tank 52 liquid alkali. The tank 48 is connected to the steam generator 13 through the water pipe 47 and the pump 53. The pump 53 is supplied with electric is Yong electric motor 56. The car is equipped with a rechargeable battery 57, it is connected to an electric generator 11 by means of an electric circuit. The generator 11 is used to supply consumers with electric energy for charging the battery 57, the power of the vacuum pump 32, the electrodes 23 and 24, the electric motors 54 and 56, the compressor 20. The gas pipe 21 provided with a valve 60. Steam turbine 12 includes a shaft 61 on the shaft 61 (Fig.3) installed the drum 62 with crowns of moving blades 63, fixed guide vanes 64 is fixed in the housing 65. Vapor pressure P1and the speed With1enters the hole 66. The steam pressure falls and on the fixed and movable rings with pressure Ptoand the speed With6the steam leaves the steam turbine 12 through the exhaust pipe 67. The upper and side surface of the steam generator 13 is provided a thermoelectric generator 68, which is made with the possibility of direct conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy. The steam generator 13 is connected with the hole 66 of the steam turbine 12 by means of steam. Steam turbine 12 through the shaft 61 causes the rotation of the electric generator 11. The steam generator 13 is of cylindrical shape. It contains a cylindrical combustion chamber 69, the wok is managing to move the water along a helical surface a spiral around a cylindrical combustion chamber. The steam generator 13 includes end wall 71. The housing 72 of the steam generator 13 is composed of two semi-cylinders, interconnected using paronit strips 73 and threaded connections 74. On the inner surface of the housing 72 is rigidly fixed to the grooves 75, arranged in the form of a spiral to install the auger 70. Between the ends of the screw 70 and the groove 75 is installed gaskets for sealing the detachable housing parts 72 and side walls made with the possibility of operation at high temperature and under high pressure. Electric multi-speed induction motor 10 is equipped with a transmission 76, device, transmitting the rotation from the electric motor 10 driving wheels 2 by means of the actuator.

The device operates as follows. Dnipropetrovsk oblast rounded out the electrical circuit feeding the electrodes: the cathode 24 and the anode 23, the vacuum pump 32, the electric motors 54 and 56, the compressor 20, time relay solenoids 18 and 17 from the battery 57. When this electric current nourishes the electrodes 23 and 24 in the tank 22 of the cell 15, through the electrolyte passes an electric current, resulting in the tank 22 of the cell 15 are electrochemical processes of decomposition of alkaline distilled water into hydrogen and oxygen. Hydrogen ions the ions the anions to the anode, forming hydrogen and oxygen. Hydrogen and oxygen are collected in the vessel 22 in the process of fission. The oxygen moves through the pipeline 21 through the valve 60 by means of the vacuum pump 32 to the nozzle 19. Hydrogen moves through the same pipeline 21 from the tank 22 through the valve 60 by means of the vacuum pump 32 to the nozzle 19. The compressor 20 delivers the compressed air to the nozzle 19. In the nozzle 19, the oxygen is mixed with jatim air, forming an air-oxygen-hydrogen mixture. By means of the ignition coil 31 is ignited fuel. The nozzle 19 is burned air-hydrogen-oxygen fuel. Water from the tank 48 is moved by means of electric pump 53 through the pipe 47 through the electromagnetic valve 46 in the steam generator 13. In the steam generator 13, the water moves along the spiral guide formed by a screw partitions 70 around the combustion chamber 69. Water is circulated through the helical guide surface. In the combustion chamber 69 gas-air mixture burns, the flames cover and fill the combustion chamber 69. Water as it moves along the entire length of the steam generator 13 through the helical guide surface gradually heated to a high temperature and is converted into steam. Steam from the steam generator 13, the steam Pressure is converted to velocity in a fixed 64, and the moving blades of the turbine 63. The channels between the blades 63 are at the same time, the channels of the nozzles 64. Each vane 63 moves not only high-speed steam energy, but also produces energy due to a decrease in vapor pressure. Therefore, the steam pressure before and after the blades 63 varies, and created a pressure difference pushes the blade 63. Vapor pressure P1and the speed With1enters the hole 66 of the steam turbine. The steam pressure on the fixed and movable rings decreases and the speed increases by a fixed and perpetuated at moving the crowns. With pressure Ptoand the speed Withinthe steam leaves the turbine through the outlet 67. The steam pressure before and after the crowns are not equal. The drum 62 with great force tends to move along the axis. To balance this force in the turbine is a special discharge piston. The difference between the efforts of the steam pressure on the piston from both sides balances the drum 62. Steam exhaust pipe 67 is moved to the condenser coil 14. In critical condition, the volume of dry steam and water are the same. At atmospheric pressure the volume of dry saturated steam at approximately 1600 times more than water. Pressure and steam temperature are the main parameters. The higher the settings pninit them at the exit from the turbine, steam is not released into the air, and sent to the condenser 14 steam coil. In the capacitor 14 circulates the water. Pipe coils of the condenser is washed by cold water, when this vapor cools and turns into condensate. The condensate flows by gravity into the container 44. The condensate line 49 by means of a pump 55 condensate moves in the capacity of the steam generator 13. The pressure in the condensate becomes 10-15 times less than atmospheric. Couples moving in circles. The condensate is circulated in a closed circle in a spiral track surfaces formed by the walls of the auger 70 around the combustion chamber 69. In the combustion chamber 69 is lit and buzzing gas-air mixture, the flame cover and fill the combustion chamber. As you move liquids (condensate and water) and along the entire length of the steam generator 13, the liquid is heated to very high temperatures and turns into steam (hereinafter, all the operations are repeated).

The electric motor drives a compressor 20. The compressor 20 generates compressed air, under the strong influence of the rotating blades of the compressed air moves into the nozzle 19, the air is mixed with hydrogen and oxygen, it helps to improve the quality of combustion in the chamber 64. the possibility of accelerating the dissolution of alkali in distilled water and accelerate the decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen. The electrodes 23 and 24 are equipped with an electric switch 34, is configured to periodically change the direction of the electric current to the electrodes 23 and 24. In this case, the electrodes changes the + sign on, the anode becomes the cathode. In the section of the cathode accumulates excessive rainfall alkali, and in the section of the anode remains a small number. When the switch changes the direction of the current in the electrodes alkali ions are moved from the section where the cathode and through the porous diaphragm into another section creates the same amount of alkali concentration, then the concentration increases, the alkali ions are deposited on the cathode in the form of a plaque, as a result, it is possible to clean the cathodes of plaque alkali automatically without manual labor. Due to the electrical transformer 55 to the electrodes 23 and 24 increases the voltage and amplifies the potential difference accelerates the electrochemical reaction of splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen. The upper and side surfaces of the steam generator equipped with a thermoelectric generator 68, based on the phenomenon of emission of the electrodes heated metals, this creates emission emitted by the electrode. Efficiency depends on the temperature of the Naga is nomodule 41, mounted on the bonnet 36, the rack 37 and the hatch 38 car covers made with the possibility of conversion of heat on the surface of the steam generator into electrical energy and electrical energy conversion in the cold for cooling air in the hatch of the car, in the trunk and under the hood. Electric current through the electric circuit is moved to thermal modules 41, made of plates of tellurium and bismuth, glued dielectric varnish with adhesive and electrical properties. Due to the passage of electric current through the contacts of two different materials - tellurium and bismuth occurs Peltier phenomenon. Is the temperature difference of up to 72oC. temperature Rise over the hood 36oWith, and trunk 37, and the hatch 38 and lowering the temperature of the 36oWith the engine 36, in the trunk 37 under the hatch 38. Dedicated heat is removed by the air flow when the vehicle is moving, and a dedicated cold is used for the purpose. While power consumption of the electric current a few watts, the service life is not limited to, the fridge has a small trendy and sizes, has a high reliability and durability. When this heat loss from the surface of the steam generator are used DLNA air in the vehicle interior through the hole 38. In the vessel 44 at different levels of the regulators set the level 45. As soon as the liquid level drops below the proper point in the vessel 14, the controller 45 operates and disconnects the electrical circuit supplying the electric motor 54. The electric motor 54 results in the operation of the pump 53, the pump 53 moves the water from the tank 48 to the steam generator 13. As soon as the tank 44 will be filled with condensate and he will rise to the high set point, the controller 45 operates and disconnects the electrical circuit supplying the electric motor 54 and the solenoid valve 46 on the water, and closes an electrical circuit supplying the electric motor 56 and the solenoid valve 46 located on the condensate line 49. When this supply of water from the tank 48 to the steam generator 13 is stopped and the electric motor 56 results in the operation of the pump 55, and opens the electromagnetic valve 46. The pump 55 moves the condensate from the tank 44 to the steam generator 13. Then all the operations are repeated. Time relay 18 periodically after a certain time interval opens the electrical circuit powering the solenoid 17. The solenoid 17 under the action of the spring moves the core and the stem 27 and the piston 28 in the cylinder 29 of the dispenser 16. As soon as the piston 28 moves, a dispenser 16, he is in contact with the microswitch 30.

The switch 30 closes an electrical circuit that feeds the solenoid 17. The solenoid 17 is generated magnetic field and the core, moving, compresses the spring and moves the rod 27 in the cylinder 29 and the piston 28 to its original position. This opens the check valve. Fluid from the reservoir 52 moves by gravity into the cylinder 29 of the dispenser 16 and dosed again. Then all the operations are repeated.

The capacitor pair can operate in the second embodiment. The second option is the same as the first variant differs from it in that the capacitor 14 and the heat sink are combined and executed with the possibility of condensation of steam inside the heat sink 8. The radiator is a heat exchanger. A cold stream of air moved by the fan 7 from under the hood through the corrugated heat plate and radiator pipes 8, which is located pairs. Vapor cools and turns into condensate.


Claims

1. The car containing the steam generator, condenser, steam, fan, radiator, electrolysis, liquid dispenser alkali, time relay, battery, trunk, hood, wherein the steam generator comprises a combustion chamber Qili is common to move the water around the combustion chamber, and the turbine includes a shaft on which a drum is set with rims of moving blades and stationary blades fixed in the housing, the capacity of the electrolytic cell is equipped with a vacuum pump and a vacuum controller, configured to accelerate the dissolution of alkali and water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen electrodes are connected with a switch that changes the direction of the current, and electric transformer made with the possibility of increasing voltage, the casing of the steam generator equipped with a thermoelectric generator connected to thermal modules for conversion of heat on the surface of the steam generator into electrical energy and electrical energy conversion in the cold for cooling air in the hatch of the vehicle, in the trunk and under the hood.

2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the capacitor pair is made in the form of a radiator.

 

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